Mass media: еducational manual 9786010404410

This educational manual «Mass Media» is based on the elective subjects as «Language of Press», «Socio-political Vocabula

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AL-FARABI KAZAKH NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

M. А. ZHanabekova, T. P. Kolesnykova

MASS MEDIA Educational manual

Almaty «Kazakh University» 2014 1

UDK 81`42 BBK 81.2 T 18 Recommended for the publication by Academic Council of Philology, Literary Studies and World Languages and Editorial and Publishing Council of al-Farabi KazNU Reviewers: Doctor of Historical Sciences, KazNU Professor Barlybaeva C.H. Candidate of Philological Sciences, Academy CNS RK Galieva A.A. Akhmet Baitursynov Institute of Linguistics Zhonkeshov B.

T 18

Zhanabekova M.A., Kolesnykova T.P. Mass media: еducational manual. – Almaty: Kazakh University, 2014. – 80 р. ISBN 978-601-04-0441-0 This educational manual «Mass Media» is based on the elective subjects as «Language of Press», «Socio-political Vocabulary», «Methods of Work with Mass Media Publication» to use the students of philology and journalism faculties. The manual contains topical vocabulary, different types of reading and speaking activities, samples of written exercises and media professional texts with various contents of information as well as articles of popular newspapers and magazines. It is also addressed to the audience who are interested in Media developments, new means of communications and other sources of obtaining information.

UDK 81`42 BBK 81.2 Англ.

ISBN 978-601-04-0441-0

© Zhanabekova M.A., Kolesnykova T.P., 2014 © Al-Farabi KazNU, 2014

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UNIT 1 STEP ONE

WARM-UPS Pre-text questions Task: speak about Mass Media and share what you know with your partner or discuss in groups. 1. What kind of Mass Media do you know? 2. What kind of Mass Media do you prefer to use? 3. What is the earliest type of Mass Media? 4. What is the reason for widespread use of Mass Media? 5. What are the quickest ways of finding out what is going on in the world? 6. What do Mass Media people do? Topical vocabulary Task: read these words and word combinations, find them in the dictionary and practice their pronunciation. Inform / influence / shape / reliable / readable / circulation / to give coverage / home affairs / foreign affairs / to deal with / a burning problem / forecast / subscribe /broadcast / amusing / provide / reliable / own eyes/ politicians/ cameras. Note: Have a chat in pairs/ groups about the words and word combinations you liked. Change topics and partners frequently. Discussion Task: Complete this table with the names and channels of popular Mass Media which you know and prefer best in different countries of the world . 3

Mass Media

Newspapers

Countries Kazakhstan Russia

Aikyn…

England

Daily Express…

America

New York Times…

Magazines

Radio

Echo Moscow, Retro FM … Energy FM…

Television

24 kz, Bilim… RuTV , ORT… BBC World News, MTV UK

100 XR, Beatles Tribute…

China and etc.

Note: choose one Mass Media which are important and are not important for you as your future topic. STEP TWO

READING ACTIVITY Mass Media T a s k: read the text and answer the questions given below. Mass media or mass means of communications are one of the most characteristic features of modern civilization. They play an important part in our lives and all people are united into one global community with the help of mass media. The press, radio and television inform us what is going on or happening in this world very fast and give us wonderful possibilities for education and entertainment. They also influence the way people see the world, inform them of current events and shape public opinions. So the most media people try to be fair and provide us with reliable information. Newspaper is an earliest kind of mass media and a publication that presents and comments on the news. The first newspapers were handwritten newssheets posted in public places. The earliest daily newssheet was «Acta Diurna» (Daily Events) which started in Rome in 59 B.C. The first printed newspaper was Chinese publication called «Dibao»(Ti-pao) started in A.700’s. It was printed from carved wooden 4

blocks. The first regularly published newspaper in Europe was «Avisa Relation» or «Zeitung», started in 1609. Newspapers cover complex news and stories of human interests in detail. Magazine is one of the major mass media. Magazine is a collection of articles and stories and it usually contains illustrations. The earliest magazines developed from newspapers and booksellers catalogs. Such catalogs first appeared during the 1600’s in France. In the 1700’s pamphlets published at regular intervals appeared in England and America. They were literary publications. One of the first British magazines «The Gentleman’s Magazine» was published from 1731 to 1914. The first American magazine was called the “American Magazine”, or “A Monthly View”. Radio is one of the popular mass media in the world and can broadcast information about the society. In the 1920’s radio has been seen primarily as a budding vehicle for music, humor and news, and music was the strongest programming form. The first radios were crystal sets built by individuals all over the country, and by 1921 stores were selling factory-made radios. Radio is wide spread for its portability. It means that radios can easily be carried around. People like listening to the radio on the beach or picnic, while driving a car or just walking down the street. Television, also called TV, is one of our most exciting and entertaining kind of mass media. It brings moving pictures and sounds from around the world into millions of homes. So we can see events in faraway places just sitting in the chair. The word «Television» comes from a Greek word meaning «far», and a Latin word meaning «to see», so the word «television» means «to see far». General Comprehension T a s k: Write the answers to these questions. 1. Why do mass media play an important role in our lives? 2. What was the earliest kind of mass media? 3. What are the names of the first newspapers? 4. What did magazines develop from? 5. When and where did the first magazines appear? 6. What is the reason for widespread use of radios? 7. What does the word «Television» mean?

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STEP THREE

VOCABULARY ACTIVITY Task1. Write down all of a) the international words and guess their meanings; b) the numerals and guess their reading rules; c) the names of newspapers and magazines you know in your vocabulary notebook and spell them to your partner. Task2. Complete the following sentences with the underlined words from the text and write them down in your exercise-notebook. a) Advertising is an important part of commercial ____________. b) Women’s ___________ deal with child-raising, fashion trends, romance and offer ideas on cooking and home decorating. c) _______can cover more news and in much detail than _______ or _______ newscast can do. d)__________include ________,_________,_________,_______. Note: here more than one use is possible Task3. What do these numbers in the text refer to? a) 59 b) 700 c) 1609 d) 1600 e)1700 f)1731-1914 g)1920 h) 1921 Task4. Form all possible derivatives from the following words and collocations as in the model. M o d e l: Civil (adj.) – civilian (n.) –civilization (adj.) − civilized (adj.) - … . Civil war (engineer, defence, service, rights, servant, liberties… ) Civil, communication, community, character, information, medium, new, news, public, public, publish, literate, primary, humor, program, individual, excite, entertain, cover, advertise, portable, television, illustrious. Task5. Arrange the words which are near in meaning according to the model: Model: to publish – to issue Show, education, humanity, illustration, to appear, person, publication, literate, brochure, to amuse, edition, educated, individual, drawing, to entertain, mankind, schooling, to come out, pamphlet, entertainment. 6

Task6. Find the word on the left that is opposite of the word on the right. Follow the model: 1. modern boring_____________ 2.appear ancient___modern___ 3. start near ______________ 4. wide finish ______________ 5. current disappear ___________ 6. far narrow _____________ 7. wonderful keep secret __________ 8. complex reveal ______________ 9. exciting unreliable ___________ 10.publish awful ______________ 11.cover dated ______________ 12.reliable simple ______________ Gap fill Task: fill in the blank with the word from the list given below. People are united into one (1)_______ community with the help of mass media. Mass media provide people with(2)_______ information. The first newspapers were handwritten (3)_______ posted in public places. (4)_____ was printed from carved wooden blocks. Newspapers (5)______ complex news and stories of human interests in detail. The earliest magazines developed from newspapers and (6)______catalogs. In the 1700’s (7)_______ published at regular intervals appeared in England and America. Radio is wide spread for its (8)_______. In the 1920s radio has been seen (9)______ as a budding (10)_______ for music, humor and news. The word (11)______ means “to see far”. (global, portability, newssheets, booksellers, pamphlets, primarily, reliable, cover, vehicle, television, Dibao). Guess the answer Task: read and translate each given answer, then choose the correct one. 1. Mass media are one of the most characteristic features of _______civilization. a) ancient b) medium c) modern

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2. They play an important _________ in our lives. a) party b) part c) partly 3. They also_________ the way we see the world and shape our views. a) influence b) influential c) influenza 4. The first printed _________ newspaper was Chinese called «Dibao». a) publicize b) publicity c) publication 5. The first______newspaper in Europe was «Avisa Relation» or «Zeitung». a) publishing b) published c) publisher 6.Magazine usually contains ___________. a) illustrations b) illustrator c) illustrious 7. Radio is wide spread for its ___________. a) portable b) portal c) portability 8. In the 1920s radio has been seen__________ as a budding vehicle. a) primal b) primarily c) primacy 9.The first radios were_______sets built by individuals all over the country. a) crystallized b) crystallize c) crystal 10. Television is one of our most exciting and _______kind of mass media. a) entertainer b) entertainment c) entertaining

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Note: transcribe the words which you prefer difficult for reading, then pay special attention to their pronunciation and translation. STEP FOUR

SPEAKING ACTIVITY Task: Give your opinion. 1. Which Mass Media programs in your country are the most popular? 2. What kind of information do (modern) magazines provide? 3. What is the difference in contents between a newspaper and a magazine? (Radio and TV) 4. What kind of everyday topics do young people want to know from MM? 5. What can be read (seen, listened) by you or people close to you? Matching Task: Find the right answers in B for the questions in A. № 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

A Which kind of TV attracts more viewers? What kinds of information do Children’s magazines contain? What is printed in daily newspapers?

L b

B a) on a wide range of topics as business, culture,medicine,science.. b) commercial TV than public TV c) do not print world, national news, report news of local politics and business, weddings, births. d) much news and music

What do weekly newspapers focus on? What do radio programs broadcast? What kinds of information do magazines provide? What kind of stations are there in the USA? The news media are sometimes called

e) commercial and public stations f)world, national and local news h) the fourth branch of government i) stories, jokes, instructions for making games and interesting articles

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Role play Theme : «My favorite Mass Media is …» Task: Students are divided into groups as representatives of different Mass Media. The following topics can be acted out using professional terms, abbreviations, numbers, pictures or any presentation whatever you want to record as the information. representatives of newspapers representatives of magazines representatives of Radio representatives of Television HOMEWORK 1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word. 2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about Mass Media. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson. 3. MASS MEDIA: Find as much information as you can how the mass media affect people`s life? Show your information to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things? 4. INFORMATION: Write some questions about the sources of information and how they affect your mind. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against mass means of communication. 5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a report on current events. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson and say what events (social, cultural, political, economical and sport) you follow. Give each other feedback on your reports. INDIVIDUAL READING Television Pre-text question Do you think television is “window on the world” or just a form of entertainment? Task: read the text and render it. 10

Television is one of the most considerable and important inventions of humanity. In spite of some advantages, there are many arguments about its role in man’s life since its appearance. Nowadays television can not be “window on the world” because of its content. Today television shows people the only things that people must see, but it doesn’t show the whole truth. For example in March, 2010 all news told about the acts oft error in the Moscow underground. They said how many victims were because of it, but nobody said how many people were brought down by ambulance cars going to the place of the accident. Nobody said anything about this at all. Journalists lie for special purposes of some important people. They never criticize the government and its actions. That’s why citizens idealize authorities of the country. There are a lot of silly programs, which have a bad influence on people’s mind. Also there is some lechery on the TV, and children can see it unintentionally. But it is not the worst. Some cartoons for children strike even adult’s mind. What can children learn with modern cartoons? If old soviet cartoons learnt children kindness and friendship, modern ones can only show a silly speaking sponge or strange boys and girls. The main purpose of the majority of channels is to get more money. That’s why there are too many advertisements, which interrupt films and programs and annoy people. On the other hand among the great number of entertaining channels there are some cultural, sport and informative channels. Cultural channels show classic musical works (operas, ballets, concerts of classic music), feature films, interviews with cultural persons, theatre and film actors. Sport channels show different world competitions, championships. Informative channels show different places of the world. They let people who can not afford real trips all over the world see different cities and enjoy the sights of nature beauty. Certainly television has many disadvantages and advantages. Every person should decide what TV is for him. He himself chooses what to do: to spend time with relatives, friends and close people, to do something important and necessary or watch TV. (Internet search) Note : Do you agree with the question given above? Why (Why not)?

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WORD SEARCH Task 1. Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocations, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words 'program' and 'channel'. Task 2. Practice doing the following tasks in written form. Find out: a) the words of the same root (international); b) the words with productive suffixes, explain the differences between them; c) the words and phrases, give their equivalents; d) some more sentences which carry out informative statements; e) the key sentences for making questions to think over and answer. f) the useful facts for covering the contents of TV program. Note: 1. Share your findings with your partners. 2. Make questions using the words you found. 3. Ask your partner / group your questions. ARTICLE QUESTIONS Task 3. Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text. Share your questions with other classmates / groups. Ask your partner / group your questions. Task 4. Write five GOOD questions about broadcasters. Task 5. Work in groups and discuss the following. BROADCAST MEDIA: Students A strongly believe television should be “window on the world”; Students B strongly believe otherwise (just a form of entertainment).

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UNIT 2 STEP ONE

WARM-UPS Pre-text questions Task: speak about Mass Media influence and share what you know with your partner or discuss in groups. 1. Which mass media perform the informing purpose best? 2. Which mass media perform the entertaining purpose best? 3. How do mass media organizations make money to stay in business? 4. How do mass media sell their products? 5. What do print media have to do? And broadcasters? 6. What can you say about the newest medium, the World Wide Web? Vocabulary List Task: read these words and word combinations, find them in the dictionary and practice their pronunciation. Persuasion/ source/ immediate/ messages/ earshot/ informing function/ affect/ a hard day/ advantage/ with their own eyes/ to relax/ entertainment/ in the open air/ unbelievable information/ to intrigue/ get upset/ real life/ to addict/ to stop to communicate/ pervasive element. Note: Have a chat in pairs/ groups about the words and word combinations you liked. Change topics and partners frequently. Discussion T a s k: Complete this table with the mass media influence which are affecting people for better or worse and answer these questions. 13

Media

Positive

Negative

influence Books

Questions printed first/when and who printed first/who and where printed first/ when and who introduced / play back/what devise motion picture camera/who and when first message transmitted by radio/when and who invented the tube/ for transmission who and when established the computer network/when/ what

Newspapers Magazines Recording Movies Radio Television Web

STEP TWO

READING ACTIVITY The influence of Mass Media on people’s life Task: read the text and answer the questions given below. Mass media usually are thought of as sources of news and entertainment. They also carry messages of persuasion. Through the mass media, we learn almost everything we know about the world beyond our immediate environs. People need mass media to express their ideas widely. Without mass media, our expression would be limited to people within earshot and to whom we write e-mail messages. The heart of the media’s informing function lies in messages called news. The most powerful source of information and the main form of entertainment that affects people`s mind is the television. The most

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important advantage is that TV helps us to relax after a hard day. Another advantage is that watching TV we can learn about different people`s customs and traditions. People like TV, because they can see everything with their own eyes. However, there are some disadvantages. Many people worry about violence on TV, because some programs show us how to kill, to rob and to shoot and it can break down the mentality of children. Another source of entertainment is the radio. Many people listen to it when they drive their cars, relax in the open air or when they do something about the house. It is like background for them. On the other hand, if you need to concentrate on something, it can hinder you. Also, sometimes our mind needs to listen to the silence and if we constantly listen to some noise, it will lead us to stress. Still, many people prefer newspapers and magazines. They publish a great deal of political stories, news items, stories of humorous and essay-type or profile-type articles that may be called human interest stories. Each story differently influences the reader, it depends on the type of the topic being covered and on the level of journalist’s skill. In my opinion, we do not need to believe to tabloids, because the majority of journalists write in some articles unbelievable information to intrigue readers. Furthermore, people see beautiful life in the colorful pictures of magazines and get upset that they have not the same. Nowadays more and more people become addicted to the Internet. Firstly, news appears on the screen as soon as things happen in real life and you do not have to wait for news time on TV. Secondly, it helps you in work, you can find everything you need. Despite of these advantages, there are many disadvantages. For example, in the Internet there are no any filters of information, pictures and videos, so children`s mind are not protected from this. Also, many teenagers do not break away from social networks and for this reason, they stop to communicate in real life. All in all, the mass media play an important role in our lives and inform us of what is going on in the world and gives us wonderful possibilities for education and entertainment. Without doubt, mass media really affect people`s life, health and mind. Of course, it has both positive and negative influence. The mass media are pervasive in our everyday lives. Almost all of them have an

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entertainment component and there also can be a strong informational and persuasive element. General Comprehension Task: Write the answers to these questions. 1. Why do people need mass media? 2. How is television influential on people, society, culture and other media? 3. What advantages does television have? 4. What disadvantages does television have? 5. What is the role of radio in the public’s mind now? 6. What do newspapers and magazines publish? 7. What articles may be called human called stories? 8. What is the effect of Internet on mass communication? 9. How are the mass media pervasive in our everyday lives. STEP THREE

VOCABULARY ACTIVITY Task 1. Practice the pronunciation of a) the international words; b) the words which may be difficult to read and try to guess their meanings. Mind the stress. a) `concentrate/ `element/ `positive/ `negative/ `inter,net/ `stress/ `program/ `filter/ po`litical/ e`ffect/ `radio/ `television/ tra`dition/ `social/ `human/ com`ponent/ `profile/ `essay/ ` humorous/` tabloid/ in`trigue/ ex`press/ ` limit/ men`tality; b) a`ffect/ per`suasion/ `environs/ `earshot/ `violence/ `hinder/ ma`jority/ `addict/ pro`tect/ per`vasive/ i`mmediate/ ex`pression. Task 2. Use the underlined words in Exercise 1 to make complete sentences. (here more than one use is possible) 1. 2. 3. 4.

The mass media also carry messages of ________________ . The mass media are _______________ in our everyday lives. Sometimes the noise will lead us to __________________. Almost all of them have an entertainment _______________. 16

5. There also can be a strong information and _______________. 6. We know about the world beyond our immediate __________. Task 3. What do these words in the text refer to? Model: g) hinder – to make something difficult for somebody to do a) earshot / b) tabloid / c) profile / d) intrigue / e) addict / f) pervasive / g) violence / h) filter / i) mind / g) hinder / k) environs / l) background / m) strong. Task 4. Form all possible derivatives from the following words and collocations as in the model. Model: Express (adj.) – expression(n.) – expressive (adj.) – expressly(adv.) Express service – (train, coach, service, telegram, expressway…) Immediate/ express/ limit/ affect/ relax/ violence/ concentrate/ addict/ appear/ time/ video/ protect/ education/ influence/ social/ reason/ mental/ mind/ stress/ silence/ beautiful. Task 5. Arrange the words which are near in meaning according to the model: M o d e l: express–-rapid Limitation/ strength/ appear/ message/ mind/ cause/ stress/ effect/ reason/ to bother/ relaxation/ to be published/ violence/ emphasis/ influence/ public/ social, /entertainment/ to hinder/ restriction/ note. Task 6. Find the word on the left that is opposite of the word on the right. 1. express to mend ____________ 2. to protect slow 1. express____ 3. to break boredom ____________ 4. to stop awful ____________ 5. real easy ____________ 6. strong to neglect ____________ 7. wonderful modern _____________ 8. interest to begin _____________ 9. timely false _____________ 10.hard weak _____________

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Gap fill Task: fill in the blank with the word from the list given below. Through the mass media, we learn almost everything we know about the world beyond our (1)__________ environs. People need mass media to express their (2)_________ widely. The heart of the media’s informing (3)_________lies in messages called news. The most important advantage is that TV (4)________ us to relax after a hard day. People like TV, because they can see everything with their (5)______ eyes. Many (6)________ listen to it when they drive their cars, relax in the open air. In my opinion, we do not need (7)_______to tabloids, because the majority of journalists write in some articles (8)________information to intrigue readers. News(9) ________ on the screen of the internet as soon as things happen in real life. Internet helps you in (10)_________, you can find everything you need. Mass media inform us of what is going on in the world and gives us wonderful (11)___________ for education and entertainment. (help, people, work, immediate, unbelievable, own, to appear, possibilities, to believe, function , ideas). Guess the answer Task: read and translate each given answer, then choose the correct one. 1. Mass media also carry messages of______________. a) persuasive b) persuasion c) persuade 2. The most _______ source of information that affects people`s mind is the television. a) powered b) powerless c) powerful 3. Some TV programs can break down the _________of children. a) mentality b) mentally c) mental

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4. Sometimes our mind needs to listen to the _________ . a) silencer b) silence c) silent 5. People see __________life in the colorful pictures of magazines. a) beautify b) beauty c) beautiful 6. Nowadays more and more people become _________to the Internet. a) addicted b) addict c) addiction 7. You do not have to wait for news _________ on TV. a) timely b) timeless c) time 8. There are no any filters of information in the ___________. a) internee b) internet c) intern 9. Many teenagers stop to communicate in ________ life. a) real b) reality c) really 10. Mass media really affect people`s life, ________and mind. a) heal b) health c) healthy

Note: transcribe the words which you prefer difficult for reading, then pay special attention to their pronunciation and translation.

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STEP FOUR

SPEAKING ACTIVITY Task: Give your opinion. Mass media: Students A strongly consider that the most media organizations must be profitable to stay in business; Students B strongly consider that only powerful forces use mass media to influence audiences with their ideologies and their commercial purposes. Note: Change groups and talk about your opinion. Matching Task: Find the right answers in B for the questions in A. № 1 2 3

A What are the three technologies on which the primary mass media are built? Why is television especially distinctive ? Where do people form positive and negative opinions from?

4

Why is radio called an influential medium?

5

What is the Web?

6

What does studying the media give people? What is television dependent on?

7

8. 9.

№ b

Most news media influence is What have many political leaders developed over the years?

20

B a) because it reaches people everywhere with opinion, news, entertainments and advertising. b) print, electronic and photographic c) It is where ordinary people can go on their computer screens, with a clicks of mouse button, can find a vast array of information and entertainment that originates all over the world d) the information and interpretations to which they are exposed as persuasion. e) because it engages several senses at once with sound, sight and movement. f) mechanisms to influence media coverage h) tools to enrich their knowledge on social issues, public policy and also to persuade each other on different points of view… i) electronic equipment g) through opinion leaders

ROLE PLAY Theme: «How do the mass media affect people`s life? Task: Now we have a round-table talk on positive and negative influence of mass media. Express your opinion or act as a writer, journalist, reporter, announcer, actor or as a member of mass media organizations. These words and expressions will help you to express your feelings and attitude: I would like to begin the discussion on the subject by … / From the point of view … / It has been pointed out … / The way I see it … / What is more … / Yes, but on the other hand …/ Naturally …/ Certainly …/ Sure …/ Exactly …/ Definitely …/ Just so … / Quite so …/ You are wrong …/ You are mistaken … / I object to it … / I doubt it. Recommendation: When preparing your speech use the information and vocabulary minimum you’ve learnt from the material of Unit. HOMEWORK 1. TEXT WORK: Divide the text into several parts according to the meaning. Find the sentences which carry a) positive and negative influence of media productions; b) Advantages and disadvantages of using each media and also differences between them. 2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about Mass Media influence. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson. 3. MASS MEDIA: Find as much information as you can how the mass media affect people`s life? Show your information to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things? 4. INFLUENCE: Write about the pervasive mass media influence in modern life that your family, group-mates and friends do not notice. Prove your point of view with facts or adventures. (what happened while watching TV, playing a computer game). 5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write an article about what people do to cope with the mass media negative influence in your news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles and define the content of which articles are informing and which are entertaining for the group. 21

INDIVIDUAL READING The Role of Journalism in the Modern Society Pre-text question Is journalism an art or a science? Task: read the text and render it. You can`t but agree that journalism is a powerful force today, and its importance in our life is gradually increasing. It carries out various functions: informative, ideological, entertaining and many other functions. In my opinion, providing of information is a main aim of journalism. In fact, human`s life became easier due to it, and now you don`t need to overcome lengthy distances to learn the latest news. Besides, we often face the situation when it is necessary to be well informed about current events to take a right step and not to appear at the crossroads. For example, looking for a job, first of all, you try to understand if it meets your professional ambitions and material requirements. But, certainly, it is impossible to try all professions. That`s why various magazines and editions devoted to the problem of employment are popular nowadays. They help us to gain an understanding of merits and demerits of many professions. On the other hand, journalism helps us to keep up to date, because it is important for a modern person to keep pace with developing science. Such magazines as "Geo" or "the Russian Reporter" tell us not only about actual events and innovations in the world of science, but also about traditions, customs, national mentality of people. I also can`t but say that dialogue of a reader and a writing person is very important in modern journalism. For example, today many editions publish letters of their readers. People can express their opinions about published material. Some of them express their admiration about an article, underlining the topicality of the lifted problem and an ability of an author to show its essence. But the criticism also meets very often. Sometimes readers are rather conservative, and their manner of reasoning is quite superficial. But objective criticism is useful. It helps journalists to avoid similar 22

mistakes in future, because readers know better, what is interesting and important for them. It also gives people an opportunity to acquaint with various opinions and to generate their own. I also can`t but mention one the most important feature of journalism. Looking throw some magazine or newspaper, we often notice an article devoted, for example, to any kind of sports. The material can be written so interestingly that many years later, we will, possibly, name it the step which was the first on the way of our hobby. So I think that journalism can excite an interest in any theme and to form the Individuality. As I already said before, the main task of journalism is operative extending of information. It means that a journalist should be able to write articles in the shortest possible time not to the detriment of their quality. To master these skills you should practice every day, and the famous proverb "fool`s haste is no speed" is not appropriate here. After all, news is something that is actual only in the short-term period. You also can`t but agree that any journalists should have a ready wit. It is a great "weapon" in his hands which often help to come out victor from unforeseen situations. I`m also sure that it is extremely important for journalists to be humane. They should be able to think about other people, listen to them, forgetting about their own problems and cares. In the conclusions I would like to underline once more that journalism carries out many functions. They should be in a right balance with world`s requirements. That`s why I`m sure that for journalist it is necessary to possess not only professional skills, but also a number of qualities that require diligence and self-discipline. (Internet search) Note: Do you agree with the question given above? Why (Why not) ? WORD SEARCH Task 1. Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words 'journalism' and 'journalist'.

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Task 2. Practice doing the following tasks in written form. Find out: g) the words of the same root (international); h) the words with productive suffixes, explain the differences between them; i) the words and phrases, give their equivalents; j) some more sentences which carry out informative statements; k) the key sentences for making questions to think over and answer; l) all definitions for the term “journalism” . Note: 4. Share your findings with your partners. 5. Make questions using the words you found. 6. Ask your partner / group your questions. ARTICLE QUESTIONS Task 3. Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text. Share your questions with other classmates / groups. Ask your partner / group your questions. Task 4. Write five GOOD questions about Media people. Task 5. Work in groups and discuss the following. BROADCAST MEDIA: Students A strongly believe journalism should be “an art” ; Students B strongly believe otherwise (just a form of judgments, formulas…).

UNIT 3 STEP ONE

WARM-UPS Pre-text questions Task: speak about the qualities of good Mass Media and share what you know with your partner or discuss in groups. 1. What do Mass Media people do to improve the quality of Mass Media? 2. How do Mass Media people carry out the collection of news for their next issue? 3. Are readers’ letters and e-mail messages a valuable information of good Mass Media about people’s everyday life, personal interests and needs? 4. How do Mass Media choose the themes of their stories? 5. When and how do Mass Media become popular in covering different types of information? 6. What improves the progressive development of good Mass Media? Topical vocabulary Task: read these words and word combinations, find them in the dictionary and practice their pronunciation. Linkage/ authentic/ orientation/ censorship/ gutter/ shocking stories/ brain-twisters/ rates of currency/ scandalous stories/ unscrupulous press/ defamation/ quit/ trivialize/ newsworthiness/ filter/ an unbiased TVchannel. Note: Have a chat in pairs/ groups about the words and word combinations you liked. Change topics and partners frequently. 25

Discussion Task: analyze your attitude to each qualities and elements of information. Justify what makes good Mass Media. TICK

Qualities authentic orientation censorship

Elements (critics) shocking stories scandal conflict defamation regulation

Quotations

ADD…

Note: choose one as your future course paper or independent task in the form of presentation. STEP TWO

READING ACTIVITY The qualities of good Mass Media Task: read the text and answer the questions given below. The media are a powerful linkage between the government and how people view their government. Good news moves from the media to individuals through complex, ever-changing interpersonal connections. Nowadays people cannot imagine their life without newspapers, websites, or television. But how to choose the best one for yourself and what are the qualities of good mass media? There are three main qualities: authentic information, orientation towards different audience, and censorship within the limits of reasonable. Authentic information, without any doubt, is in the first place because there is too much false information in gutter press now. As a rule, people buy a newspaper or watch TV to get some information. Great masses of people expect to learn something new or just do it for entertainment. But in both cases we would not be happy if it were just a waste of time. Honest reporters play a great role. They know people like stories about people, so any time an issue can be personified. When 26

there is nothing to write about, some of them invent "shocking stories" about famous people. In the end, celebrities often go to the court, and the newspaper or the TV-channel has to pay a great amount of money. As a result, their reputation will be spoiled. But for the public, television is the preferred source of political news. Orientation towards different levels of population is also very important. Different people prefer different types of information and coverage of different themes. For example, as for TV, children watch it in the morning, teenagers at about 5 p.m., and adults from 7 p.m. till midnight. As for newspaper, elderly people prefer to do brain-twisters or puzzles while serious people usually read political news and the rates of currency. Then, you should remember that if you start to sell your product, you should fix a normal price because if a lot of people want to read it but it is too expensive, they will not be able to do it. Some people prefer to read scandalous stories about celebrities, others want to read more serious topics. People get excited about these issues because of the fundamental values involved. But no one likes unscrupulous press. If the audiences find any defamation about scandals, they quit reading this issue forever. Media people know that their audiences like scandalous stories which is a fact that trivialize political news. Censorship also plays a serious role. In the last century it was too strict, but now it is OK. The most censoring requires that manuscripts be read by governmental agents before printed or aired. People like conflict too because it involves change whether to do something differently. All news involves change, and conflict is always a signal to the kind of change what is most worth reporting. Conflict is generally a useful indicator of newsworthiness that is for good Mass Media. So publishers should not forget about it and filter their information before it appears in press. In conclusion, it is not so difficult to find the qualities of good mass media, it is much more difficult to follow them and create a scrupulous newspaper, an unbiased TV-channel, or a serious website. General Comprehension Task: Write the answers to these questions. 1. How does information move from the Mass Media? 27

2. What do people expect from Mass Media? 3. Do you think that the news media are powerful affecting the course of happening events? 4. What does the term “censorship” mean? 5. What is the role of Mass Media in the life of children, teenagers…? 6. What kind of information contributes to the progressive change of worth reporting? 7. What articles may be called scandalous ? 8. Which media do people use most for political news? STEP THREE

VOCABULARY ACTIVITY Task 1. Practice the pronunciation of a) the international words; b) the words which may be difficult to read and try to guess their meanings. Mind the stress. a) repu`tation, serious, `scrupulous, `scandal, `trivial, `censor, `agent, `conflict, con`flict, defa`mation,` website, signal, po`litical, `orientation, norm, mass. b) au`thentic, ce`lebrity, currency, un`biased, ex`pect, `honest, per`sonify, trivial. Task 2. Use the underlined words in Exercise 1 to make complete sentences. 1) _________ information, without any doubt, is in the first place. 2) Great _________ of people __________ to learn something new. 3) Any time an issue can be ____________. 4) Television is the preferred source of ____________ news. 5) Serious people usually read political news and the rates of _________ . 6) If the audiences find any ________about scandals, they may stop reading this issue. Task 3. What do these words and phrases in the text refer to? Model: f) rate – to determine the relative rank or class. (level, price, value, speed)

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a) gutter press, b) brain-twisters, c) unscrupulous press, d) unbiased, e) audience, f) rate, g) fix, h) shocking stories Task 4. Form all possible derivatives from the following words and collocations as in the model. M o d e l: False (adj.) – falsehood(n.) –falsely (adv.) – falsify (v.) False information – ( alarm, pretences, teeth, hood… ) False, authenticate, reputable, celebrate, scandalous, trivialize, indicate, strict, defamation, politic, invent, govern, imagine, power, expect, quality, orient, doubt, rule, expectant, honesty, prefer, fixed, normality, involve, imagine, personality, shock. Task 5. Arrange the words which are near in meaning according to the model: M o d e l: indicate–-point out Reputable, gossip, expect, crossword, price, coverage, scandal, rate, respectable, trivial, representative, source, well-known, honest, puzzle, hope for, agent, unimportant, famous, truthful, basis, reporting. Gap fill Task: fill in the blank with the word from the list given below. The media are a powerful linkage between the government and how people (1)__________ their government. People buy a newspaper or (2) _________ TV to get some information. Reporters (3)______ people like stories about people. Different people (4) ________ different types of information and (5)_________of different themes. As for newspaper, (6)________ people prefer to do brain-twisters or puzzles. Some people prefer to read (7)__________ stories about celebrities, others want to read more (8)__________ topics. The most censoring (9)_______ that manuscripts be read by governmental (10)_________ before printed or aired. (11)___________ is always a signal to the kind of change what is most worth reporting. (view, prefer, know, conflict, coverage, agents, requires, serious , elderly, scandalous, watch).

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Guess the answer Task: read and translate each given answer, then choose the correct one. 1. Nowadays people cannot ________ their life without newspapers, websites, or television. a) imaginary b) imagine c) image 2. Some of reporters invent _________stories about famous people. a) to shock b) shocker c) shocking 3. The TV-channel has to pay a great ________of money. a) amount b) ample c) amorous 4. Orientation towards different levels of _________ is also very important. a) popularize b) populace c) population 5.Children watch TV in the morning and _______from 7 p.m. till midnight. a) adulterer b) adults c) adulteress 6. If the audiences find any ________about scandals, they quit reading this issue. a) defamation b) defamatory c) default 7. Media people know that their audiences like scandalous stories which is a fact that trivialize _________news. a) politics b) political c) politician

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8. People like conflict too because it involves ________ whether to do something differently. a) change b) changing c) changeable 9. Conflict is generally a useful ________of newsworthiness that is for good Mass Media. a) indicator b) indicate c) indication 10. Publishers should filter their information before it appears in ________. a) print b) pressing c) press

Note: transcribe the words which you prefer difficult for reading, then pay special attention to their pronunciation and translation. STEP FOUR

SPEAKING ACTIVITY Task: Give your opinion. 1. What does the term Fourth Power mean? 2. How do the good Mass Media influence people on political issues? 3. Define censorship. In a strict sense, who is a sensor? 4. Mass Media face limits in covering shocking stories, scandals or conflicts. How do they cope with the limits? 5. What helps Mass Media people make the right decisions in reporting good news? Matching Task: Find the right answers in B for the questions in A. № 1

A Is a negative aspect the trend of the good media?

№ b

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B a) we know about the world beyond their immediate environs

2 3 4 5 6

How does censorship come to massive audiences mind What is the main function of the mass media in an authoritarian system? What do the good mass media create? Through the mass media, people learn everything What is the news media?

7

What is interpersonal communication?

8.

The mass media set the agenda for

b) Yes, it covers public interest like scandals, gaffes, conflicts c) a forum for discussion and debate, truth defence, mass needs… d) as an authoritarian method to control the mass media e) what people are interested in and talk about. f) to support and advance the policies of government as the fourth power. h) common knowledge about rituals which people structure their lives. i) two people face to face or two persons physically located in the same place

Proverbs and Sayings Task: think of situations to illustrate these proverbs and sayings. No news is good news. Bad news travels fast. Speech is power, silence is gold. Honesty is the best policy. One cannot please everyone. A wise man changes his mind, a fool – never Agree or disagree Task: read the following statements and give a different answer. The news media are sometimes called the fourth estate or the fourth branch of government. The media are a kind of watchdog on behalf of audiences. The programs of Mass Media are up-to-date / traditional. Do you agree with these statements? Why (Why not)?

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HOMEWORK 1. TEXT WORK: Divide the text into several parts according to the meaning. Find the sentences which carry a) qualities; b) elements of information. 2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about characteristic features of conflict, censorship, media power and importance in the world of Mass Media. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson. 3. MASS MEDIA: Find as much information as you can about the mass media importance in public and cultural affairs. Show your information to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things? 4. IDEA: Write down a list of statements on what media people should do or shouldn’t do to keep large audiences on top current issues. 5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write an article about how the economy (media, living standard, family, environment, art, sport, educational process) is changing where you and your friends (relatives) live. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

UNIT 4 STEP ONE

WARM-UPS Pre-text task Task: REFUGEES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about refugees. Change partners often and share your findings. Topical vocabulary Task: CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words from the article are most interesting and which are most boring. Сhild refugees / war / shameful / forced to leave / escaping / horrors / have no home / crisis / genocide / crossed a border / safety / traumatised / depressed / dangers. Note: Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently. Discussion Task: SYRIA DANGERS: Rank these and share your rankings with your partner. Put the biggest dangers for children at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings. • chemical weapons • being sold as a child worker • not going to school • disease • depression • being shot • joining an army • losing touch with family 34

Writing Task: ONE MILLION: What's it like for Syria's million child refugees? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote. Problems

What do you think it's like?

How can we help?

Home Food School Friends Soldiers Future

Note: WAR: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word “war". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories. STEP TWO

READING ACTIVITY 1 million Syrian child refugees Task: read the text and answer the questions given below. There are now over one million child refugees because of the war in Syria. The United Nations called this number "a shameful milestone". The children were forced to leave Syria because it is too dangerous for them to stay in the country. Most of them are in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon. They have recently started escaping to Europe and North Africa. The United Nations said: "This one millionth child refugee is not just another number. This is a real child ripped from home, maybe even from a family, facing horrors we can only begin to comprehend." Another 2 million children in Syria have no home. Half of Syria's 2 million refugees are children. Over 740,000 of these are under the age of eleven.

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Syria's civil war started in March 2011. The UN says it is the worst refugee crisis for 20 years. The last situation as bad as Syria was the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. The UN high commissioner for refugees, Antonio Guterres, told reporters: "The youth of Syria are losing their homes, their family members and their futures. Even after they have crossed a border to safety, they are traumatised, depressed and in need of a reason for hope." The UN warned the world that the children face many dangers. Many are now used illegally for child labour. Others are sold for early marriages or for the sex trade. Very few of the children can go to any kind of school. The UN said just 118,000 of the children are in education. (24th August, 2013)

COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS Task: Write the answers to these questions. 1. Who said one million child refugees was a "child milestone"? 2. Why are the children leaving Syria? 3. To which new places are the children escaping? 4. How many homeless children are there in Syria? 5. How many of Syria's homeless children are under 11 years old? 6. What refugee crisis was as bad as the one in Syria? 7. What three things did a UN spokesman say children are losing? 8. What did the UN say the children needed? 9. What are many of the children used for illegally? 10. How many of the child refugees go to school? TRUE / FALSE Task: Read the headline. Guess if a–h below are true (T) or false (F). a. The UN said it was shameful there were so many child refugees. b. Most of the children have escaped to North Africa and Europe. c. The UN said the on millionth child refugee is just another number. d. A quarter of Syrian refugees are children. e. The UN said Syria's refugee crisis is the world's worst in two decades. f. The last crisis as bad as Syria was in Rwanda. 36

g. The UN said the children are in danger even after they leave Syria. h. Just under 12,000 of the child refugees go to school. STEP THREE

VOCABULARY ACTIVITY SYNONYM MATCH Task : Match the right synonyms in B for the words in A. № 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

A because of shameful escaping comprehend under crisis genocide youth depressed education

L d

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j)

B fleeing schooling emergency due to mass murder young people shocking sad below understand

PHRASE MATCH Task : join two parts of phrases in List B and in List A. A. 1. because of 2. The United Nations called this number 3. They have recently started 4. facing horrors we can only 5. 740,000 of these are under 6. civil 7. the worst refugee 8. after they have crossed 9. child 10. just 118,000 of the children are B. a. begin to comprehend b. in education 37

c. a shameful milestone d. the war in Syria 5. e. crisis for 20 years f. a border to safety g. escaping to Europe h. labour i. the age of eleven j. war Note: Sometimes more than one choice is possible. Gap fill Task: fill in the blank with the word from the list given below. There are now (1) ___ over ___ one million child refugees because of the war in Syria. The United Nations called this number "a (2) ____________ milestone". The children were (3) ____________ to leave Syria because it is too dangerous for them to stay in the country. Most of them are in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon. They have recently started (4) ____________ to Europe and North Africa. The United Nations said: "This one (5) ____________ child refugee is not just another number. This is a real child ripped from home, maybe even from a family, (6) ____________ horrors we can only begin to (7) ____________." Another 2 million children in Syria have no home. Half of Syria's 2 million refugees are children. Over 740,000 of (8) ____________ are under the age of eleven. (facing/ these/ shameful/ millionth/ over/ escaping/ comprehend/ forced) Syria's (9) ____________ war started in March 2011. The UN says it is the worst refugee (10) ____________ for 20 years. The last situation as bad as Syria was the 1994 (11) ____________ in Rwanda. The UN high commissioner for refugees, Antonio Guterres, told reporters: "The youth of Syria are (12) ____________ their homes, their family members and their futures. Even after they have crossed a (13) ____________ to safety, they are traumatised, depressed and in need of a reason for (14) ____________." The UN warned the world that the children face many dangers. Many are now used illegally for child (15) ____________. Others are sold for early marriages or for the

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sex trade. Very few of the children can go to any kind of school. The UN said just 118,000 of the children are in (16) ____________. (losing/ labour/ crisis/ education/ hope/ civil/ genocide/ border) Guess the answer Task: read and translate each given answer, then choose the correct one. 1. There are now over one million child refugees __________. a. because of the wars b. because of the warrior c. because of the war d. because of the wartime 2. The United Nations called this number « a ___________». a. shameful stepping stone b. shameful milestone c. shameful mine stone d. shameful mail stone 3. It is too dangerous for them to stay __________. a. on the country b. at the country c. to the country d. in the country 4. a. b. c. d.

Facing horrors we can only begin ___________. to comprehends to comprehension to comprehending to comprehend

5. Over 740,000 of these are ___________ eleven. a. under the age of b. under the old of c. under the years of d. under the youth of 6. The UN says it is the worst ______ for 20 years . a. refugee cry seas b. refugee crisis c. refugee crises d. refugee cry sees

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7. Even after they have crossed a __________. a. border to safely b. border to safe tea c. border to safest d. border to safety 8. Many are now used illegally for _________. a. child'slabour b. childrenlabour c. childlabour d. childishlabour 9. Others are sold for early marriages or for __________. a. the sex trading b. the sex trade c. the sex trader d. the sex traded 10. The UN said just 118,000 of the children ____________. a. are on education b. are in education c. are at education d. are to education

STEP FOUR

SPEAKING ACTIVITY Multiple choice–quiz Task : Read and choose the right answer. 1. Who said one million child refugees was a "child milestone"? a) Barack Obama b) a children's charity c) the United Nations d) Syria's president 2. Why are the children leaving Syria? a) it's too dangerous to stay b) the army told them to c) to get a better education d) their towns have disappeared

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3. To which new places are the children escaping? a) Cyprus and Greece b) Germany and Poland c) Russia and Iran d) Europe and North Africa 4. How many homeless children are there in Syria? a) 200,000 b) 2,000,000 c) 22,000,000 d) 220,000 5. How many of Syria's homeless children are under 11 years old? a) exactly 740,000 b) a little fewer than 740,000 c) more than 740,000 d) around 740,000 6. What refugee crisis was as bad as the one in Syria? a) the UN crisis 20 years ago b) the Rwanda genocide c) Syria's last war d) the one in March 2011 7. What three things did a UN spokesman say children are losing? a) hope, childhood and innocence b) schools, parks and playgrounds c) their towns, cities and country d) homes, family members and futures 8. What did the UN say the children needed? a) clothes b) a reason for hope c) a border d) schools 9. What are many of the children used for illegally? a) childlabour b) child soldiers c) targets d) propaganda 10. How many of the child refugees go to school? a) 80,000 b) 18,000 c) 180,000 d) 118,000

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Role play Theme : The best place for the refugees. Role A – The USA You think the USA is the best place for the refugees. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): Lebanon, Saudi Arabia or inside Syria. Role B – Lebanon You think Lebanon is the best place for the refugees. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): the USA, Saudi Arabia or inside Syria. Role C – Saudi Arabia You think Saudi Arabia is the best place for the refugees. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): Lebanon, the USA or inside Syria. Role D – Inside Syria You think inside Syria is the best place for the refugees. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): Lebanon, Saudi Arabia or the USA. WORD SEARCH Task 1. Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocations, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words 'civil' and 'war'. 7. Share your findings with your partners. 8. Make questions using the words you found. 9. Ask your partner / group your questions.

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QUESTIONS Task 2. Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text. Share your questions with other classmates / groups. Ask your partner / group your questions. TEST EACH OTHER Task 3. Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:  now  called  stay  another  facing  under started  bad  youth  border  dangers  education Task 4. Write five GOOD questions about refugees. STUDENT A's QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B) Task: answer the questions on the text. a. What did you think when you read the headline? b. What springs to mind when you hear the word 'refugee'? c. What do you think about what you read? d. How could the world let the number of child refugees rise to a million? e. How shameful is this milestone? f. How can the world help the child refugees? g. How many more child refugees do you think there will be?

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h. What do you think it is like for the children going to other countries? i. Is the one millionth child really just another number? j. What can you do to help the child refugees? STUDENT B's QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A) a. Did you like reading this article? Why/not? b. What do you know about Syria's civil war? c. What do you know about the 1994 Rwandan genocide? d. What did the commissioner mean when he said children are losing their futures? e. How can doctors help children who are depressed and traumatised? f. How can the world keep the children safe? g. What do you think of a world in which such terrible things happen? h. What will Syria be like this time next year? i. What advice could you give to the children? j. What questions would you like to ask the head of the UN? DISCUSSION (Write your own questions) STUDENT A's 5 QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B) STUDENT B's 5 QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A) LANGUAGE – CLOZE Task: read the text again and the task given below. There are now over one million child refugees because of the war in Syria. The United Nations called this (1) ____ "a shameful milestone". The children were (2) ____ to leave Syria because it is too dangerous for them to stay in the country. Most of them are in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon. They have (3) ____ started escaping to Europe and North Africa. The United Nations said: "This one (4) ____ child refugee is not just another number. This is a real child ripped from home, maybe even from a family, facing horrors we can only begin to (5) ____." Another 44

2 million children in Syria have no home. Half of Syria's 2 million refugees are children. Over 740,000 of these are under the (6) ____ of eleven. Syria's (7) ____ war started in March 2011. The UN says it is the worst refugee crisis for 20 years. The last situation as bad as Syria was the 1994 (8) ____ in Rwanda. The UN high commissioner for refugees, Antonio Guterres, told reporters: "The (9) ____ of Syria are losing their homes, their family members and their futures. Even after they have crossed a (10) ____ to safety, they are traumatised, depressed and in need of a reason for hope." The UN warned the world that the children (11) ____ many dangers. Many are now used illegally for child labour. Others are sold for early marriages or for the sex trade. Very few of the children can go to any kind of school. The UN said just 118,000 of the children are (12) ____ education. Note: put the correct words from the table below in the above article. 1. (a) number 2. (a) faced 3. (a) recent 4. (a) million 5. (a) comprehends (d) comprehend 6. (a) old 7. (a) anti8. (a) genocide 9. (a) youth 10. (a) margin 11. (a) head 12. (a) of

(b) numeracy (c) numbered (d) numeral (b) focused (c) forced (d) fleeced (b) currently (c) current (d) recently (b) millionth (c) millions (d) millionfold (b) comprehension (c) comprehensive (b) years (b) civil (b) pesticide (b) infants (b) frontier (b) eye (b) in

(c) age (c) world (c) suicide (c) toddlers (c) border (c) skull (c) at

(d) year (d) wage (d) herbicide (d) adolescents (d) rim (d) face (d) by

PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER Task: number these lines in the correct order. ( ) refugees, Antonio Guterres, told reporters: "The youth of Syria are losing their homes, their family members and their

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( ) for hope." The UN warned the world that the children face many dangers. Many are now used ( ) number "a shameful milestone". The children were forced to leave Syria because it is too ( ) Syria's civil war started in March 2011. The UN says it is the worst refugee crisis for ( ) futures. Even after they have crossed a border to safety, they are traumatised, depressed and in need of a reason ( ) recently started escaping to Europe and North Africa. The United Nations said: "This one ( ) no home. Half of Syria's 2 million refugees are children. Over 740,000 of these are under the age of eleven. ( ) dangerous for them to stay in the country. Most of them are in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon. They have ( ) millionth child refugee is not just another number. This is a real child ripped from home, maybe even from ( ) go to any kind of school. The UN said just 118,000 of the children are in education. ( 1 ) There are now over one million child refugees because of the war in Syria. The United Nations called this ( ) illegally for child labour. Others are sold for early marriages or for the sex trade. Very few of the children can ( ) 20 years. The last situation as bad as Syria was the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. The UN high commissioner for ( ) a family, facing horrors we can only begin to comprehend." Another 2 million children in Syria PUT THE WORDS IN THE RIGHT ORDER 1. The this a. called milestone" UN number "shameful 2. They Europe to escaping started recently have. 3. comprehend can only Facing begin horrors to we. 4. refugees children. 2 of million are Half Syria's 5. 11 Over of under of 740,000 the these , age are. 6. worst it The 20 refugee is UN years crisis the says for. 7. Syria are The losing youth their of homes. 8. after crossed to Even have border they a safety. 9. labour used illegally Many for are child now. 10. any to go can children the of Few school of kind. 46

CIRCLE THE CORRECT WORD (20 PAIRS) Task: put a circle around the word that is correct. There are now over one million child refugees because of the war in Syria. The United Nations called this numeral / number "a shameful milestone". The children were forced / faced to leave Syria because it is too / to dangerous for them to reside / stay in the country. Most of them are in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon. They have recent / recently started escaping to Europe and North Africa. The United Nations said: "This one million / millionth child refugee is not just another / other number. This is a real child ripped from home, maybe ever / even from a family, facing horrors we can only begin to comprehension / comprehend." Another 2 million children in Syria have no home. Half of Syria's 2 million refugees are children. Over 740,000 of these are under the age / old of eleven. Syria's civil war started in March 2011. The UN says it is the worst refugee crisis / crises for 20 years. The last situation as worse / bad as Syria was the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. The UN high commissioner for refuges / refugees, Antonio Guterres, told reporters: "The youth / toddlers of Syria are losing their homes, their family members / member and their futures. Even after they have crossed a border to safety, they are traumatised, depression / depressed and in need of a reason for hope / hopeful." The UN warned the world that the children face / head many dangers. Many are now used illegal / illegally for child labour. Others are sold for early marriages or for the sex trade. Very few of the children can go to any kind of school. The UN said just 118,000 of the children are in / on education. Note: Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct. FREE WRITING Task: Write about refugees for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner's paper.

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ACADEMIC WRITING Task: Foreign countries need to act now to stop the war in Syria. Discuss. HOMEWORK 1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word. 2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about Syria's child refugees. Share what you discover with your partner (s) in the next lesson. 3. REFUGEES: Make a poster about refugees. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things? 4. ONE MILLION: Write a magazine article about Syria's one million child refugees. Include imaginary interviews with some of them. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s). 5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles. 6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on Syria. Ask him/her three questions about the refugees. Give him/her three ideas on how to help them. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

UNIT 5 STEP ONE

WARM-UPS Pre-text task Task: EDWARD SNOWDEN: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about a criminal. Change partners often and share your findings. Topical vocabulary T a s k: CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words from the article are most interesting and which are most boring. Escapade / whistleblower / CIA / in transit / give someone the slip / dismayed / asylum / diplomatic tensions / furious / extradition / accusations / ravings / treaty / behavior. Note: Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently. Discussion Task: SPYING TOOLS: Rank these and share your rankings with your partner. Put the most useful at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings  fake passports  gun  face disguise  being multilingual  laptop computer  gloves  ability to climb up buildings  muscles 49

Writing Task: CRIMES AGAINST THE STATE: Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote. Problems Selling state secrets

How big a crime?

What punishment?

Fighting for an enemy country Insulting the monarch / leader Spying for an enemy Disruption of nation's Internet Plotting / carrying out a coup

Note: POLICY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the words “crime/ punishment". Together, put the words into different categories. STEP TWO

READING ACTIVITY Putin will not hand Snowden to U.S. Task: read the text and answer the questions given below. The escapades of US whistleblower and fugitive Edward Snowden continue. Russian President Vladimir Putin confirmed on Tuesday that the former CIA worker was in the transit area of an airport in Moscow. Mr. Putin had earlier said Mr. Snowden had not crossed any Russian borders, which proved to be true with Snowden being in transit. Snowden seems to have given the international media the slip while in Moscow. After discovering his name on a flight list to Havana, Cuba, around 30 journalists purchased lastminute tickets for the 16-hour flight to Cuba, only to be dismayed to

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find out after takeoff that he had not boarded the aircraft. Reports are that Snowden is heading for Ecuador, which has granted him asylum. The Snowden affair is stoking up diplomatic tensions between the USA, and China and Russia. Washington is furious that China allowed Snowden to leave Hong Kong for Russia earlier this week. US Secretary of State John Kerry is now pressing hard for Russia to extradite Snowden back to the US. Mr. Putin told reporters: "Mr. Snowden has not crossed the state's border, and therefore does not need a visa. Furthermore, any accusations against Russia of aiding him are ravings and rubbish." He explained that the US and Russia had not signed any extradition treaty and that he would not hand Snowden over to the US. Mr. Kerry acknowledged this but said, "there are standards of behaviour between sovereign nations". (27th June, 2013) COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS Task: Write the answers to these questions. 1. What did the article say is continuing regarding Edward Snowden? 2. Which of Snowden's ex-employees was mentioned? 3. What did the article say Snowden gave the media? 4. How many journalists boarded a plane to Cuba? 5. What dismayed the journalists? 6. Why is the USA angry with China? 7. What is John Kerry trying to do? 8. What doesn't Snowden need (according to Vladimir Putin)? 9. Why won't Putin hand Snowden over? 10.Why does Kerry think Russia should hand over Snowden? TRUE / FALSE T a s k: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or (F) false. a. Edward Snowden is not in a Russian airport. T / F b. Snowden has not crossed the border into Russia. T / F c. Many journalists got on a plane they thought Snowden was on. T/F 51

d. Ecuador has said it would take Snowden in. T / F e. The Snowden affair is creating tensions between China and Russia. T / F f. Putin said he would not sign an extradition treaty with the USA. T/F g. Putin accused the USA of crazy talk over the Snowden affair. T/F h. John Kerry suggested Russia should behave and hand Snowden over. T / F STEP THREE

VOCABULARY ACTIVITY PHRASE MATCH Task : Match the phrases in B with the phrases in A. № 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

A escapades seems to have given the After discovering his he had not boarded granted him stoking up pressing hard for Russia extradition standards sovereign

L

c

B a. adding fuel to b. treaty c. diplomatic tensions d. asylum e. fugitive Edward Snowden f. nations g. the aircraft h. of behavior i. name on a flight list j. to extradite Snowden

Gap fill Task: fill in the blank with the word from the list given below. The (1) ____________ of US whistleblower and fugitive Edward Snowden continue. Russian President Vladimir Putin (2) ____________ on Tuesday that the former CIA worker was in the transit area of an airport in Moscow. Mr. Putin had earlier said Mr. Snowden had not crossed any Russian borders, which (3) ____________ to be true with Snowden being in transit. Snowden seems to have given the international media the (4) ____________ while in Moscow. After 52

discovering his name on a (5) ____________ list to Havana, Cuba, around 30 journalists purchased last-minute tickets for the 16-hour flight to Cuba, only to be (6) ____________ to find out after takeoff that he had not (7) ____________ the aircraft. Reports are that Snowden is heading for Ecuador, which has (8) ____________ him asylum. The Snowden affair is (9) ____________ up diplomatic tensions between the USA, and China and Russia. Washington is (10) ________ that China allowed Snowden to leave Hong Kong for Russia earlier this week. US Secretary of State John Kerry is now (11) ____________ hard for Russia to (12) ____________ Snowden back to the US. Mr Putin told reporters: "Mr Snowden has not crossed the state's (13) _________, and therefore does not need a visa. Furthermore, any (14) ___________ against Russia of aiding him are ravings and rubbish." He explained that the US and Russia had not signed any extradition (15) ____________ and that he would not hand Snowden over to the US. Mr. Kerry acknowledged this but said, "there are (16) ____________ of behaviour between sovereign nations". (dismayed/ stoking/ furious/ flight/ pressing/ standards/ treaty/ extradite accusations/ border/ proved/ confirmed/ boarded/ granted/ escapades/ slip) Guess the answer Task: read and translate each given answer, then choose the correct one. 1.The escapades of US whistleblower and fugitive Edward __________. a. Snowden continuation b. Snowden continuing c. Snowden continue d. Snowden continues 2.___________ worker was in the transit area of an airport in Moscow. a. the firmer CIA b. the former CIA c. the farmer CIA d. the foreman CIA 3.Snowden seems to have given the international ____________. a. media the slip

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b. media a slip c. media this slip d. media that slip 4. Around 30 journalists purchased last-minute tickets for the ___________. a. 16-hour flights b. 16-hours flight c. 16-hourly flights d. 16-hour flight 5. Snowden is heading for Ecuador, which has ___________. a. granted him a slum b. granted him asylum c. granted him a sigh lamb d. granted him an asylum 6. The Snowden affair is stoking ___________. a. up diplomatic tensions b. upper-diplomatic tensions c. un-diplomatic tensions d. up diplomacy tensions 7. John Kerry is now pressing hard for Russia ______ back to the US. a. to extradited Snowden b. to extradite Snowden c. to extraditing Snowden d. to extra date Snowden 8. Any accusations against Russia of aiding him are __________. a. ravings and rubbish b. ravings and garbage c. ravings and trash d. ravings and litter 9. He explained that the US and Russia had not signed any __________. a. extraditing treaty b. extradition treaty c. expedition treaty d. extra-diction treaty 10) There are standards of behaviour between ___________. a. sovereign nations b. sovereignty nations c. sobering nations d. suffering nations

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STEP FOUR

SPEAKING ACTIVITY Task: work in groups and discuss the following. EXTRADITED: Students A strongly believe Edward Snowden should be extradited to the USA; Students B strongly believe otherwise. MULTIPLE CHOICE– QUIZ 1. What did the article say is continuing regarding Edward Snowden? a) a drawn-out saga b) escapades c) an international manhunt d) his travels around the world 2. Which of Snowden's ex-employers was mentioned? a) the NSA b) Britain's MI5 c) the KGB d) the CIA 3. What did the article say Snowden gave the media? a) his full story b) a laptop computer c) the slip d) leaked documents 4. How many journalists boarded a plane to Cuba? a) about 30 b) 16 c) a plane-load d) 215 5. What dismayed the journalists? a) the age of the plane b) Snowden wasn't on the flight c) there was no inflight food d) the number of guns on the plane

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6.Why is the USA angry with China? a) China let Snowden fly to Moscow b) China stole Snowden's secrets c) China thinks Snowden is a hero d) China disagrees with the USA 7. What is John Kerry trying to do? a) sign an extradition treaty with Russia b) go to Moscow airport c) extradite Snowden d) make friends with Russia and China 8. What doesn't Snowden need (according to Vladimir Putin)? a) a Russian visa b) an armed escort c) a US passport d) to worry 9. Why won't Putin hand Snowden over? a) he believes Snowden is innocent b) he wants Snowden's information c) he dislikes the USA d) there's no extradition treaty between the USA and Russia 10. Why does Kerry think Russia should hand over Snowden? a) to help US-Russian relations b) to protect American secrets c) because of international standards of behaviour d) because Snowden is dangerous

Role play Theme : Criminal or not criminal? Role A – Barack Obama You think every country in the world should help return Snowden to the USA. Tell the others three reasons why. It is the 21st century and nations need to cooperate. Snowden is a criminal. The fact that the USA accessed private e-mail accounts and phone calls doesn't matter. Role B – Vladimir Putin You will not hand Snowden over to the USA. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell Obama you are tired of America telling other 56

countries what to do. What America did in accessing mails and phone calls is worse than what Snowden did in telling the world about it. The USA must stop spying. Role C – Edward Snowden You think you have done nothing wrong. Tell the others three reasons why. All countries spy, which is worse than what you did. You are shocked the USA could access private mails and e-mails on such a large scale. You are also concerned at the scale of Chinese hacking. Role D – Xi Jinping Edward Snowden is not a criminal. Tell the others three reasons why. You see no reason to have stopped him going to Moscow. Ask Obama why he attacks China non-stop for hacking, but has a huge project to hack into people's e-mail. The US should end spying and pardon Snowden. Note: Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

UNIT 6 STEP ONE

WARM-UPS Task: SELFIES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about selfies. Change partners often and share your findings. Topical vocabulary Task: CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words from the article are most interesting and which are most boring. Study / social networks / relationships / photograph / photo sharing / close friends / Wikipedia / popularity / buzzword / shocked / control / flattering / supportive / opposite Note: Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently. Discussion Task: PHOTOS: Rank these and share your rankings with your partner. Put what you like photographing most at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings. • yourself • your family • flowers • people • sights • food • beaches • your hobby 58

Writing Task: RULES: What "rules" should there be about uploading photos on Facebook? Complete this table with your partner(s). Photos of… yourself babies cats/kittens holidays food parties

Dos and Don'ts

Why?

Note: PROFILE: Write a paragraph about various characters (features) of each photos in more detail. Share your writing with your partner(s) and talk about them. STEP TWO

READING ACTIVITY Facebook "selfies" can harm relationships Task: read the text and answer the questions given below. A study from the U.K. indicates that people who post too many "selfies" (photos of themselves) on Facebook and similar social networks risk damaging their real-life relationships. Wikipedia says a selfie is "a genre of self-portrait photograph…typically taken either with a camera held at arm's length or in a mirror." The report, from Birmingham University, analysed the impact of these photos on the relationships of 508 participants. The study found that excessive photo sharing and sharing certain types of photos makes almost everyone like you less. Head researcher Dr David Houghton said: "People, other than very close friends and relatives, don't seem to relate well to those who constantly share photos of themselves." Wikipedia explains the rise in popularity of selfies. It says: "In December 2012, Time magazine noted that selfie was among its top 10 buzzwords of 2012." Celebrities such as singers Rihanna and Justin Bieber are famous for uploading hundreds of pics of themselves. Many people who post selfies will be surprised, perhaps 59

shocked, by the Birmingham research. Wikipedia explains: "The appeal of selfies comes from…the control they give selfphotographers over how they present themselves. Many selfies are intended to present a flattering image of the person, especially to friends whom the photographer expects to be supportive. The research may suggest the exact opposite is true. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS Task: Write the answers to these questions. 1. Who risks damaging their real-life relationships? 2. What genre of photograph is a selfie? 3. Who do people usually hold the camera for a selfie? 4. How many people took part in the research? 5. Who doesn't mind looking at selfies? 6. What accolade did Time magazine give the word "selfie"? 7. Who is famous for uploading hundreds of selfies? 8. What is the appeal of selfies? 9. What kind of images do people want from selfies? 10.How are friends expected to be about selfies? TRUE / FALSE T a s k: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F). a. An American study looked at the phenomena of selfies posted online. T / F b. A study says posting selfies on Facebook does no harm. T / F c. Researchers looked at the relationships of 508 people. T / F d. The study suggested close friends are OK with looking at selfies. T / F e. "Selfie" was Time magazine's word of the year in 2012. T / F f. The research won't surprise people who upload lots of selfies. T / F g. People like selfies because they can control how they look in the photo. T / F h. People think others will like the photos of themselves they upload. T / F

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STEP THREE

VOCABULARY ACTIVITY SYNONYM MATCH Task: Match the right synonyms in B for the words in A. № 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

A

L f

study risk genre excessive constantly rise appeal intended flattering supportive

B a. attraction b. too much c. always d. meant e. jeopardize f. report g. encouraging h. complimentary i. category j.increase

PHRASE MATCH Task: join two parts of phrases in List B and in List A. A. 1. risk damaging their 2. a genre of self3. with a camera 4. excessive 5. those who constantly 6. the rise in 7. among its top 10 8. The appeal 9. present a flattering 10. research may suggest the exact B. a. held at arm's length b. opposite is true c. share photos of themselves d. popularity of selfies e. photo sharing f. buzzwords of 2012 61

g. real-life relationships h. image of the person i. portrait photograph j. of selfies Note: Sometimes more than one choice is possible. Gap fill Task: fill in the blank with the word from the list given below. A study from the U.K. indicates that people who (1) _ post ___________ too many "selfies" (photos of themselves) on Facebook and similar social networks (2) ____________ damaging their real-life relationships. Wikipedia says a selfie is "a (3) ____________ of selfportrait photograph…typically taken either with a camera held at arm's (4) ____________ or in a mirror." The report, from Birmingham University, analysed the (5) ____________ of these photos on the relationships of 508 participants. The study found that (6) ___________ photo sharing and sharing certain types of photos makes almost everyone like you less. Head researcher Dr David Houghton said: "People, (7) ____________ than very close friends and relatives, don't seem to relate well to those who (8) ____________ share photos of themselves." (excessive/ risk/ other/ length/ post/ constantly/ genre/ impact) Wikipedia explains the (9) ____________ in popularity of selfies. It says: "In December 2012, Time magazine noted that selfie was among its top 10 (10) ____________ of 2012." Celebrities such as singers Rihanna and Justin Bieber are famous for (11) ____________ hundreds of pics of themselves. Many people who post selfies will be surprised, perhaps (12) ____________, by the Birmingham research. Wikipedia explains: "The (13) ____________ of selfies comes from…the control they give self-photographers over how they present themselves. Many selfies are intended to present a (14) ____________ image of the person, especially to friends whom the photographer (15) ___________ to be supportive. The research may suggest the (16) ____________ opposite is true. (appeal/ expects/ buzzwords/ exact/ uploading/ rise/ flattering/ shocked) 62

STEP FOUR

SPEAKING ACTIVITY Multiple choice–quiz Task: Read and choose the right answer. 1. Who risks damaging their real-life relationships? a) photographers b) people who upload self-portratits c) Facebook users d) U.K. researchers 2. What genre of photograph is a selfie? a) digitally-enhanced b) an ego-booster c) non-landscape d) a self-portrait 3. Who do people usually hold the camera for a selfie? a) hand to hand b) shoulder to shoulder c) at arm's length d) by the skin of their teeth 4. How many people took part in the research? a) 508 b) 805 c) 850 d) 580 5. Who doesn't mind looking at selfies? a) researchers b) family and friends c) new Facebook fans d) colleagues 6. What accolade did Time magazine give the word "selfie"? a) one of the 2012 buzzwords b) tech word of the year c) neologism of the decade d) top word for the next decade

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7. Who is famous for uploading hundreds of selfies? a) two sports stars b) two supermodels c) two singers d) two actors 8. What is the appeal of selfies? a) control over the image b) colour c) Photoshop d) you can become famous 9. What kind of images do people want from selfies? a) ones that flitter b) ones with fluttering eye lashes c) flattened ones d) flattering ones 10. How are friends expected to be about selfies? a) always press the "Like" icon b) critical c) be supportive d) always share them

Role play Theme : The best place for the selfies. Role A – Selfie poster You love taking photos of yourself and uploading them on Facebook. Tell the others three reasons why. You don't understand why people don't like selfies. You think the research in the article is totally untrue. You think everyone should upload hundreds of selfies. Role B – Researcher You are worried about people who upload hundreds of selfies. Tell the others three reasons why. You think Facebook should limit the daily number of photos people can upload. You want to set up a

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help group for selfie posters. Ask the selfie poster to join to recover from his/her illness. Role C – Facebook owner You love selfies. Tell the others three reasons why. You're happy if everyone uploads thousands of selfies a day. You think it's great people like themselves and want to share their photos. It makes the world a happier place. Tell the researcher that the exact opposite of the research is true. Role D – Ex-selfie poster You used to post thousands of selfies. Now you regret it. Tell the others three reasons why. Warn the selfie poster he/she will lose many friends. Tell the Facebook owner he only wants more people to look at Facebook ads. Tell the researcher the help group is a great idea. Posting selfies is an illness. DISCUSSION FACEBOOK: Students A strongly believe Facebook makes relationships stronger; Students B strongly believe the exact opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations. WORD SEARCH Task 1. Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocations, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words 'social' and 'network'. social

network QUESTIONS

Task 2. Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text. Share your questions with other classmates / groups. Ask your partner / group your questions. TEST EACH OTHER Task 3. Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text: 65

          

indicates genre length impact less relate rise 10 shocked control image suggest

Task 4. Write five GOOD questions about selfies. SELFIES DISCUSSION STUDENT A's QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B) T a s k: answer the questions on the text. a) What did you think when you read the headline? b) What springs to mind when you hear the word 'photo'? c) What do you think about selfies? d) How often do you take selfies? e) Are selfies a good idea? f) Do you get fed up with looking at other people's selfies on Facebook? g) Is taking and uploading many selfies a sign of being vain? h) Do you think people could like other people less because of selfies? i) What's your favourite pose for a photo? STUDENT B's QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A) a. Did you like reading this article? Why/not? b. Do you think constant uploading of selfies could be a form of illness? c. What do you think of the word 'selfie'? d. Is it OK for celebrities to upload hundreds of selfies? e. Is it better to take a selfie or get a friend to take a photo of you? 66

f. Do flattering selfiesgive a false image of a person? g. What would you like to say to some? h. Do you have a favourite photo of yourself? i. What questions would you like to ask the researcher? Note: Write your own questions STUDENT A's 5 QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B) STUDENT B's 5 QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A) LANGUAGE – CLOZE Task: read the text again and do the task given below. A study from the U.K. (1) ____ that people who post too many "selfies" (photos of themselves) on Facebook and similar social networks risk damaging their real-life relationships. Wikipedia says a selfie is "a (2) ____ of self-portrait photograph…typically taken either with a camera held at arm's (3) ____ or in a mirror." The report, from Birmingham University, analysed the impact of these photos (4) ____ the relationships of 508 participants. The study found that excessive photo sharing and sharing (5) ____ types of photos makes almost everyone like you less. Head researcher Dr David Houghton said: "People, (6) ____ than very close friends and relatives, don't seem to relate well to those who constantly share photos of themselves." Wikipedia explains the rise (7) ____ popularity of selfies. It says: "In December 2012, Time magazine noted that selfie was among its top 10 (8) ____ of 2012." Celebrities such as singers Rihanna and Justin Bieber are famous for uploading hundreds of pics of themselves. Many people who post selfies will be surprised, perhaps shocked, (9) ____ the Birmingham research. Wikipedia explains: "The appeal (10) ____ selfies comes from…the control they give self-photographers over how they present themselves. Many selfies are intended to present a (11) ____ image of the person, especially to friends whom the photographer expects to be supportive. The research may suggest the (12) ____ opposite is true. Note: put the correct words from the table below in the above article. 67

Task: choose the appropriate variant. 1. (a) predicates (b) indicates (c) inculcates 2. (a) generous (b) genuine (c) genie 3. (a) longest (b) length (c) long 4. (a) of (b) at (c) on 5. (a) certain (b) sure (c) positive 6. (a) other (b) another (c) others 7. (a) at (b) of (c) for 8. (a) buzzwords (b)antonyms (c) neologism 9. (a) in (b) by (c) so 10. (a) as (b) at (c) of 11. (a) flattening (b) fluttering (c) flattering 12. (a) exactness (b) exact (c) exacted

(d) dedicates (d) genre (d) longing (d) to (d) strange (d) the others (d) in (d) slang (d) of (d) if (d) flittering (d) exactly

CIRCLE THE CORRECT WORD Task: put a circle around the word that is correct. A study from the U.K. indicates / dedicates that people who post too many "selfies" (photos of themselves) in / on Facebook and similar social networks risk damaging / damages their real-life relationships. Wikipedia says a selfie is "a genre of self-portrait photograph…typically / typical taken either with a camera held at arms / arm's length or in a mirror." The report, from Birmingham University, analysed the compact / impact of these photos on the relationships of 508 participants. The study found that exclusive / excessive photo sharing and sharing certain / sure types of photos makes almost everyone like you minus / less. Head researcher Dr David Houghton said: "People, other than very close friends and relatives, don't seem to relate / relay well to those who constantly share photos of themselves." Wikipedia explains the raise / rise in popularity of selfies. It says: "In December 2012, Time magazine noted / denoted that selfie was among its top 10 buzzwords / neologism of 2012." Celebrities such as / was singers Rihanna and Justin Bieber are famous for uploading hundreds of pics of themselves. Many people who post selfies will be surprising / surprised, perhaps shocked, by the Birmingham research. Wikipedia explains: "The appeal / repeal of selfiescomes 68

from…the control they give self-photographers over / above how they present themselves. Many selfies are intended to gift / present a flattering image of the person, especially to friends whom the photographer expects / expect to be supportive. The research may suggest the exact / exactly opposite is true. Note: Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct. HOMEWORK 1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word. 2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about selfies. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson. 3. SELFIES: Make a poster about selfies and social networks. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things? 4. RELATIONSHIPS: Write a magazine article about selfies and how they affect relationships. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against selfies. 5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

UNIT 7 STEP ONE

WARM-UPS Task: Ads: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about advertising. Change partners often and share your findings. Topical vocabulary Task: CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words from the article are most interesting and which are most boring. Alcohol / lyrics / public health warnings / references / music charts / intoxicating / major concern / marketing / positive message / professionals / alcohol-related harm. Note: Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently. Discussion Task: SONGS: Work in groups, discuss the following. Students A strongly believe there is nothing wrong with mentioning alcohol in pop songs; Students B strongly believe there's a lot wrong. Note: Change partners again and talk about your conversations. Writing Task: LYRICS: What is acceptable and unacceptable? Complete this table with your partner (s). Change partners often and share what you wrote. 70

Lyrics about… alcohol drugs sex violence religion race

Acceptable

Unacceptable

STEP TWO

READING ACTIVITY Songs One in five songs "advertises" alcohol Task: read the text and answer the questions given below. The songs young people listen to could be encouraging them to drink more alcohol. This is the conclusion of a study into the extent to which lyrics contain references to drinking. Researchers from the John Moores University in Liverpool, England assert that public health warnings on liquor may be of diminishing value because of the prevalence of terms surrounding alcohol in pop songs. The study found that one in five songs in the UK music charts contains references to intoxicating beverages. This figure is double that from a decade ago. They also found that songs from 1981 contained relatively few references to alcohol. John Moores attributed some of the rise to an influx of US-imported songs. Researchers said the exposure of young people to alcohol in the media is "a major concern". Professor Karen Hughes warned that references to alcohol are a "form of advertising and marketing for alcoholic products." She said: "Public health concerns are already focused on the impacts of alcohol advertising on the drinking behaviour of young people, yet the growing reference to alcohol in popular music could mean that positive, alcohol-promoting messages are reaching much larger audiences." Dr. Hughes added: "Health and other professionals should be vigilant to ensure that popular music does not become a medium for reinforcing and extending cultures of intoxication and alcohol-related harm." (5th October, 2013)

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TRUE / FALSE Task: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F). a. Young people may be drinking more alcohol because of pop songs. T / F b. Pop songs lessen the impact of public health warnings about alcohol. T / F c. Around 10 per cent of songs in Britain's music charts mention alcohol. T / F d. There were more references to alcohol in songs from 1981. T / F e. A professor said songs can advertising and marketing tools for alcohol. T / F f. The professor said songs give alcohol a positive image. T / F g. The professor said the drinks industry should be more vigilant. T/F h. The professor said songs do well to limit alcohol-related harm. T/F STEP THREE

VOCABULARY ACTIVITY SYNONYM MATCH Task : Match the right synonyms in B for the words in A. № 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

A encouraging conclusion lyrics prevalence influx impact audiences vigilant reinforcing intoxication

L

a

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B a. strengthening b. words c. watchful d. markets e. coaxing f. drunkenness g. opinion h. flood i. influence j. commonness

Gap fill Task: fill in the blank with the word from the list given below. The songs young people listen to could be (1) ____________ them to drink more alcohol. This is the conclusion of a study into the extent to which (2) __________ contain references to drinking. Researchers from the John Moores University in Liverpool, England (3) ___________ that public health warnings on liquor may be of (4) ____________ value because of the (5) ____________ of terms surrounding alcohol in pop songs. The study found that one in five songs in the UK music charts contains references to (6) ____________ beverages. This figure is double that from a decade ago. They also found that songs from 1981 contained (7) ____________ few references to alcohol. John Moores attributed some of the rise to an (8) ____________ of US-imported songs. (intoxicating/ diminishing/ lyrics/ influx/ encouraging/ relatively/ prevalence/ assert) Researchers said the (9) ____________ of young people to alcohol in the media is "a (10) ____________ concern". Professor Karen Hughes warned that references to alcohol are a "(11) ____________ of advertising and marketing for alcoholic products." She said: "Public health concerns are already focused on the impacts of alcohol advertising on the drinking behaviour of young people, yet the (12) ____________ reference to alcohol in popular music could mean that positive, alcohol-promoting (13) ____________ are reaching much larger (14) ____________." Dr. Hughes added: "Health and other professionals should be (15) ____________ to ensure that popular music does not become a medium for reinforcing and extending cultures of intoxication and alcohol-related (16) _________." (growing/ vigilant/ major/ audiences/ form/ exposure/ harm/ messages)

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STEP FOUR

SPEAKING ACTIVITY ROLE PLAY Theme : the worst for young people. Role A – Alcohol You think songs about alcohol are the worst for young people. Tell the others three reasons why. Role B – Drugs You think songs about drugs are the worst for young people. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with these songs. Role C – Sex You think songs about sex are the worst for young people. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with these song Role D – Xenophobia You think songs about xenophobia are the worst for young people. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with these songs.

WORD SEARCH Task 1. Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words 'song' and 'good /bad ads'. 10. Share your findings with your partners. 11. Make questions using the words you found. 12. Ask your partner / group your questions. ARTICLE QUESTIONS Task 2. Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text. Share your questions with other classmates / groups. Ask your partner / group your questions.

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ACADEMIC WRITING Task: Write five GOOD questions about songs that contain references to alcohol and other drugs should not be played on radios or television. Discuss. HOMEWORK 1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word. 2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about songs that contain “good /bad ads”. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson. 3. SONGS: Make a list of Media entertaining program/ads about different types of songs. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things? 4.Ads: Choose a song and write an advertising article about the role of songs in bringing up young generation. 5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions and ideas you hear from your partner(s).

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CONTENTS

Unit 1 Text Mass Media ............................................................................... 3 Unit 2 Text The influence of Mass Media on people’s life ......................... 13 Unit 3 Text The qualities of good Mass Media ........................................... 25 Unit 4 Text 1 million Syrian child refugees ................................................. 34 Unit 5 Text Putin will not hand Snowden to U.S. ........................................ 49 Unit 6 Text Facebook "selfies" can harm relationships ............................... 58 Unit 7 Text Songs ........................................................................................ 70

Учебное издание

Zhanabekova Magulsim Abdildaevna Kolesnykova Tatyana Petrovna

MASS MEDIA Educational manual Выпускающий редактор Г. Бекбердиева Компьютерная верстка А.Ш. Калиева Дизайн обложки: Р.Е. Скаков

ИБ № 7164 Подписано в печать 06.03.14. Формат 60х84 1/16. Бумага офсетная. Печать цифровая. Объем 4,81 п.л. Тираж 100 экз. Заказ № 490. Издательство «Қазақ университетi» Казахского национального университета им. аль-Фараби. 050040, г. Алматы, пр. аль-Фараби, 71. КазНУ. Отпечатано в типографии издательства «Қазақ университетi».

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NEW BOOKS OF «KȼZȼKH UNIVERSITY» PRESS Ԝɝɠɤɡɞɜ Ɍ.ɍ. Ԓɜɣʁɬɟʁ ɝɜɭɫɜ ʁɭʁ: Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2013.–134 ɝ. ISBN 978-601-04-0223-2 Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷɩɠɜ ɝɜɭɫɜ ɭɜɧɜɭɷɩɠɜԑɷ ɝɜɭɮɜɫԓɷ ɮʁɬɧʁɦɮɡɬ ɨɡɩ ԓɪɧɠɜɩɷɧɜɮɷɩ ɢɜɝɠɷԓɮɜɬ ɜɥɮɷɧɜɠɷ. Ԝɬ ɮɜԓɷɬɷɫɮɷԕ ɭɪԕɷɩɠɜ ɝɜɭɫɜ-ɫɪɧɤɟɬɜɰɤɻɧɷԓ ɜɮɜɧɷɨɠɜɬɠɷԕ ɮԗɭʁɩʁɦɮɡɨɡɭʁ, ɝɜԓɷɧɜɯ ɢԝɩɡ ɮɡɭɮ ɭԙɬɜԓɮɜɬɷ, ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɮɡɬɟɡ ɝɡɬʁɧɡɮʁɩ ɮɜɫɭɷɬɨɜɧɜɬ ɨɡɩ ԓɪɧɠɜɩɷɧԑɜɩ ԝɠɡɝɤɡɮɮɡɬɠʁԕ ɮʁɣʁɨɠɡɬʁ ԙɭɷɩɷɧԑɜɩ. Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ ɝɜɭɫɜ ʁɭʁ ɢԝɩɡ ɫɪɧɤɟɬɜɰɤɻ ɨɜɨɜɩɠɷԓɮɜɬɷ ɝɪɥɷɩɴɜ ɝʁɧʁɨ ɜɧɷɫ ɢɜɮԓɜɩ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɮɡɬɟɡ, ɠԝɬʁɭ ɢԗɬɟʁɣɡɮʁɩ ɪԓɷɮɯɴɷɧɜɬ ɨɡɩ ɝɜɭɫɜ-ɫɪɧɤɟɬɜɰɤɻ ɭɜɧɜɭɷɩɷԕ ɨɜɨɜɩɠɜɬɷɩɜ ɜɬɩɜɧԑɜɩ. Ԝɧɦɡɝɜɡɞɜ ɀ. ɍԟɣ ɨԝɠɡɩɤɡɮʁ: ɪԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2014. – 214 ɝ. ISBN 978-601-06-1731-5 Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷɩɠɜ ԓɜɣʁɬɟʁ ԓɜɣɜԓ ɭԟɣ ɨԝɠɡɩɤɡɮʁɩʁԕ ɩɡɟʁɣɟʁ ɦԟɫ ɜɭɫɡɦɮʁɧʁ ɭɤɫɜɮɮɜɬɷ ɨɡɩ ɭԟɣɮɜɩɯ ԑɷɧɷɨɷɩɷԕ ԟɣɡɦɮʁ ɨԝɭɡɧɡɧɡɬʁ, ɩɡɟʁɣɟʁ ɦɜɮɡɟɪɬɤɻɧɜɬɷ ɨɡɩ ԙԑɷɨɠɜɬɷ ԓɜɬɜɭɮɷɬɷɧԑɜɩ. Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ «Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɮʁɧʁɩʁԕ ɭԟɣ ɨԝɠɡɩɤɡɮʁ», «ɍԟɣ ɹɦɪɧɪɟɤɻɭɷ», «ɍԟɥɧɡɯ ɨԝɠɡɩɤɡɮʁ», «ɍԟɣɮɜɩɯ» ɫԝɩɠɡɬʁɩʁԕ ɮɜɧɜɫɮɜɬɷɩɜ ɮɪɧɷԓ ɭԝɥɦɡɭ ɦɡɧɡɠʁ. Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ ɢɪԑɜɬɷ ɝʁɧʁɨ ɝɡɬɡɮʁɩ ɪԓɯ ɪɬɷɩɠɜɬɷɩɷԕ ɰɤɧɪɧɪɟɤɻ, ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɜ, ɣɜԕ ɰɜɦɯɧɸɮɡɮɮɡɬʁɩʁԕ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɮɡɬʁɩɡ, ɭɪɩɠɜɥ-ɜԓ ɨɜɟɤɭɮɬɜɩɮɮɜɬԑɜ, ɠɪɦɮɪɬɜɩɮɮɜɬԑɜ, ʁɣɠɡɩɯɴʁɧɡɬ ɨɡɩ ɪԓɷɮɯɴɷɧɜɬԑɜ ɢԝɩɡ ԓɜɣɜԓ ɭԟɣ ɨԝɠɡɩɤɡɮʁɩɡ ԓɷɣɷԑɯɴɷɧɷԓ ɮɜɩɷɮɜɮɷɩ ɝɜɭԓɜ ɠɜ ɨɜɨɜɩ ɤɡɧɡɬʁɩɡ ɜɬɩɜɧɜɠɷ. Ɉɜɥɦɪɮɪɞɜ Ԑ.Ɏ. ȽȼԒ-ɮɜԑɷ ԝɧɡɯɨɡɮɮʁɦ-ɹɦɪɧɪɟɤɻ ɨԝɭɡɧɡɧɡɬʁ: ɪԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2014. – 134 ɝɡɮ. ISBN 978-601-04-0297-3 Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷɩɠɜ ԓɜɣɜԓ ɝɜɭɫɜɭԟɣʁ ɝɡɮɮɡɬʁɩɠɡɟʁ ɹɦɪɧɪɟɤɻɧɷԓ ɫɬɪɝɧɡɨɜɧɜɬ ɮɯɬɜɧɷ ɢɜɣɷɧԑɜɩ ɨɜɮɡɬɤɜɧɠɜɬ ɮɜɧɠɜɩɜɠɷ. ȼɞɮɪɬ ɪԓɷɬɨɜɩԑɜ ɹɦɪɧɪɟɤɻ ɢɜɥɷɩɠɜ ɝɡɥɨԝɧʁɨ ɠɡɬɡɦɮɡɬ ɨɡɩ ɨԝɧʁɨɡɮɮɡɬɠʁ ԙɭɷɩɜɠɷ. ɍɪɩɠɜɥ-ɜԓ «ȼɮɜɨɡɦɡɩ» ɹɦɪɧɪɟɤɻɧɷԓ ɟɜɣɡɮʁɩʁԕ ɜɥɠɜɬɧɜɬɷɩɠɜ ɢɜɬɤɻɧɜɩԑɜɩ ɨɜԓɜɧɜɧɜɬ, «Ɂɟɡɨɡɩ Ԓɜɣɜԓɭɮɜɩ» ɟɜɣɡɮʁɩʁԕ «Ɏɜɧɝɡɭʁɦ» ɜɥɠɜɬɷɩɠɜԑɷ ɨɜԓɜɧɜɧɜɬ, ɍɡɨɡɥ, ȼɬɜɧ, Ƚɜɧԓɜɴ, Ɇɜɭɫɤɥ, ɍɪɬɝԙɧɜԓ ԟԕʁɬɧɡɬʁ, «Ⱦɪɣɬɪɢɠɡɩɤɡ» – ɜɢɜɧ ɜɬɜɧɷ, Ԓɜɣɜԓɭɮɜɩɠɜԑɷ ɜɧԑɜɴԓɷ ԓɪɬɷԓɮɜɬ ɮɯɬɜɧɷ ɮɷԕ ɠɡɬɡɦɮɡɬ ɢԝɩɡ ɜɯɷɣ ɭɯ, ɮɜɣɜ ɜɯɜ ɨԝɭɡɧɡɭʁ ɠɡ ɩɜɣɜɬɠɜɩ ɮɷɭ ԓɜɧɨɜɥɠɷ. ȼɯɠɜɬɨɜ ɮɡɪɬɤɻɭɷ: ɪԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ / Ԝ. Ɏɜɬɜԓɪɞ, ȼ. ɂɜԓɭɷ-ɧɷԓɪɞ, ɇ. Ɉԙɭɜɧɷ, Ɂ. ȼɠɜɡɞɜ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2013. – 132 ɝ. ISBN 978-601-04-0153-2 «ȼɯɠɜɬɨɜ ɮɡɪɬɤɻɭɷ» ɪԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ – ɜɯɠɜɬɨɜ ɮɡɪɬɤɻɭɷ ɢԝɩɡ ԝɠʁɭɩɜɨɜɭɷ ɦɜɰɡɠɬɜɭɷɩɷԕ ԙɢɷɨɠɷԓ ɡԕɝɡɟʁ. ȼɯɠɜɬɨɜɮɜɩɯɠɷԕ ɮɡɪɬɤɻɧɷԓ ɨԝɭɡɧɡɧɡɬʁ ɮɯɬɜɧɷ ɝʁɬԓɜɮɜɬ ɣɡɬɮɮɡɯɧɡɬ, ɪԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɠɜɬɷ ɢɜɣɷɧԑɜɩɷɨɡɩ, ɣɜɨɜɩɜɯɤ ɜɯɠɜɬɨɜ ԗɠɡɬʁɭʁ ɢɜԕɜ ʁɣɠɡɩʁɭɮɡɬɨɡɩ ɠɜɨɤ ɝɡɬɡɠʁ. Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷɩɠɜ ɜɯɠɜɬɨɜɩɷԕ ɢɜɧɫɷ ɢԝɩɡ ɢɡɦɡ ɮɡɪɬɤɻɭɷ, ɜɯɠɜɬɨɜɠɜԑɷ ɝɜɧɜɨɜɧɷԓ, ɨԝɮʁɩɠʁ ɮԗɭʁɩɯ ɩɡɟʁɣɠɡɬʁ ɨɡɩ ɮԗɬɧʁ ɮɬɜɩɭɰɪɬɨɜɲɤɻɧɷԓ ɮԝɭʁɧɠɡɬɠʁԕ ԓɪɧɠɜɩɷɧɯ ɭɤɫɜɮɮɜɬɷ, ɜɯɠɜɬɨɜɩɷԕ ɩɪɬɨɜɮɤɞɮʁɦ ɜɭɫɡɦɮʁɧɡɬʁ ԓɜɮɡɧɡɬʁɩ ɮԗɣɡɮɯ, ɬɡɠɜɦɲɤɻɧɜɯ ɮԝɭʁɧɠɡɬʁ ɮɜɧɠɜɩɜɠɷ. ȼɮɜɧԑɜɩ ԙɢɷɨɠɷԓ ɪԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷɩɠɜ ɜɯɠɜɬɨɜɮɜɩɯɠɷԕ ɝʁɬԓɜɮɜɬ ɨԝɭɡɧɡɧɡɬʁ ԓɜɬɜɭɮɷɬɷɧɜɠɷ. Ɋԓɯ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɮɡɬ ɨɡɩ ɨɜɟɤɭɮɬɜɩɮɮɜɬԑɜ ɜɬɩɜɧԑɜɩ.

Ɏɜɭɮɡɨʁɬɪɞɜ ȿ.ȼ. ɢԝɩɡ ɮ.ɝ. Ԓɜɣɜԓɴɜ-ɪɬɷɭɴɜ-ɠɜɬɤɴɡ ɮʁɧɠɡɭɦʁɴ: ɪԓɯ-ԝɠʁɭɮɡɨɡɧʁɦ ԓԙɬɜɧ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2014. – 130 ɝɡɮ. ISBN 978-601-04-0329-1 Ƚԙɧ ԓɜɣɜԓɴɜ-ɪɬɷɭɴɜ-ɠɜɬɤɴɡ ɮʁɧɠɡɭɦʁɴ (ɪԓɯ-ԝɠʁɭɮɡɨɡɧʁɦ ԓԙɬɜɧɷ) ɢɪԑɜɬɷ ɪԓɯ ɪɬɩɷɩɜ ɠɡɥʁɩɟʁ ɝʁɧʁɨ ɝɡɬɯ ɰɜɦɯɧɸɮɡɮʁɩʁԕ ȼɯԑɜɩɭɮɜɩ Ʉɭɧɜɨ Ɍɡɭɫɯɝɧɤɦɜɭɷɩɜɩ ɦɡɧɟɡɩ ɮɷԕɠɜɯɴɷɧɜɬɷɩɜ ɢԝɩɡ ɪɭɷ ԗɴ ɮʁɧɠʁԕ ɨɜɨɜɩɠɜɬɷ ɨɡɩ ɮʁɧ ԗɥɬɡɩɯɴʁ ɦԟɫɴʁɧʁɦ ԓɜɯɷɨԑɜ ɜɬɩɜɧɜɠɷ. Alzhanova A.B. Foreign Publicists about Kazakhs: educational manual. – Almaty: Kazakh University, 2013. – P. 129. ISBN 978–601–04–0254–6 The educational manual is divided into three sections. The first section is devoted to the study of the Kazakh themes in the works of Western writers in the second half of the 19th century. The second section presents modern Kazakhstan. The third section presents an analysis of the social orientation of the publication. The book analyzes the research practices of individual scientists, groups of writers and historians. Ɉɯɱɜɨɜɠɤɡɞɜ ɇ.Ʉ. Ɏɡɪɬɤɻ ɤ ɨɡɮɪɠɤɦɜ ɬɡɠɜɦɮɤɬɪɞɜɩɤɻ: ɯɳ.-ɨɡɮɪɠ. ɫɪɭɪɝɤɡ ɠɧɻ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɪɞ ɞɷɭɴɤɱ ɯɳ. ɣɜɞ. ɭɫɡɲɤɜɧɸɩɪɭɮɡɥ «ɂɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɜ» ɤ «Ʉɣɠɜɮɡɧɸɭɦɪɡ ɠɡɧɪ». – 2-ɡ ɤɣɠ., ɤɭɫɬ. ɤ ɠɪɫ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮi, 2013. 212 ɭ. ISBN 978-601-04-0251-5 ɋɪɭɪɝɤɡ ɭɪɠɡɬɢɤɮ ɬɜɣɞɡɬɩɯɮɪɡ ɤɣɧɪɢɡɩɤɡ ɪɭɩɪɞɩɷɱ ɬɜɣɠɡɧɪɞ ɮɤɫɪɞɪɥ ɯɳɡɝɩɪɥ ɫɬɪɟɬɜɨɨɷ ɦɯɬɭɜ «Ɏɡɪɬɤɻ ɤ ɨɡɮɪɠɤɦɜ ɬɡɠɜɦɮɤɬɪɞɜɩɤɻ ɮɡɦɭɮɜ», ɳɤɮɜɡɨɪɟɪ ɩɜ ɦɜɰɡɠɬɡ ɤɣɠɜɮɡɧɸɭɦɪɟɪ ɠɡɧɜ ɤ ɠɤɣɜɥɩɜ ɞ ɦɜɳɡɭɮɞɡ ɪɭɩɪɞɪɫɪɧɜɟɜɺɵɡɟɪ ɫɪ ɭɫɡɲɤɜɧɸɩɪɭɮɤ «ɤɣɠɜɮɡɧɸɬɡɠɜɦɮɪɬ». Ɍɜɭɭɨɜɮɬɤɞɜɺɮɭɻ ɨɡɮɪɠɤɦɜ ɬɡɠɜɦɮɤɬɪɞɜɩɤɻ, ɦɪɬɬɡɦɮɯɬɜ ɤ ɭɫɡɲɤɰɤɦɜ ɬɡɠɜɦɮɪɬɭɦɪɟɪ ɜɩɜɧɤɣɜ ɬɜɣɧɤɳɩɷɱ ɞɤɠɪɞ ɮɡɦɭɮɪɞ: ɱɯɠɪɢɡɭɮɞɡɩɩɪɟɪ, ɩɜɯɳɩɪɟɪ ɤ ɪɝɵɡɭɮɞɡɩɩɪɫɪɧɤɮɤɳɡɭɦɪɟɪ; ɧɪɟɤɳɡɭɦɤɡ ɪɭɩɪɞɷ ɬɡɠɜɦɮɤɬɪɞɜɩɤɻ, ɬɜɝɪɮɜ ɩɜɠ ɦɪɨɫɪɣɤɲɤɡɥ ɤ ɰɜɦɮɤɳɡɭɦɤɨ ɨɜɮɡɬɤɜɧɪɨ, ɪɭɩɪɞɩɷɡ ɫɬɤɡɨɷ ɜɩɜɧɤɣɜ ɤ ɪɝɬɜɝɪɮɦɤ ɻɣɷɦɪɞɪɟɪ ɨɜɮɡɬɤɜɧɜ. Ⱦ ɩɜɭɮɪɻɵɡɨ ɤɣɠɜɩɤɤ (2-ɡ – 2013 ɟ.) ɞɩɡɭɡɩɷ ɯɮɪɳɩɡɩɤɻ ɤ ɠɪɫɪɧɩɡɩɤɻ ɞ ɤɣɧɪɢɡɩɤɡ ɤɭɮɪɬɤɦɪ-ɮɡɪɬɡɮɤɳɡɭɦɤɱ ɫɪɧɪɢɡɩɤɥ, ɪɝɩɪɞɧɡɩ ɫɬɜɦɮɤɳɡɭɦɤɥ ɨɜɮɡɬɤɜɧ. ɋɬɡɠɩɜɣɩɜɳɡɩɪ ɠɧɻ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɪɞ ɰɜɦɯɧɸɮɡɮɜ ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɤ, ɜ ɮɜɦɢɡ ɠɧɻ ɮɡɱ, ɦɮɪ ɤɩɮɡɬɡɭɯɡɮɭɻ ɞɪɫɬɪɭɜɨɤ ɮɡɪɬɤɤ, ɨɡɮɪɠɤɦɤ ɤ ɮɡɱɩɤɦɤ ɬɡɠɜɦɮɤɬɪɞɜɩɤɻ. Ʉɝɬɜɡɞɜ ȿ. ɉɜ ɫɡɬɡɦɬɡɭɮɦɡ ɦɪɨɨɯɩɤɦɜɲɤɥ: ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɜ, ɨɡɠɤɜ Ɇɜɣɜɱɭɮɜɩɜ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2013. – 238 ɭ. ISBN 978-601-04-0188-4 Ⱦ ɫɬɡɠɧɜɟɜɡɨɪɥ ɨɪɩɪɟɬɜɰɤɤ ɜɞɮɪɬ ɜɩɜɧɤɣɤɬɯɡɮ ɫɬɪɲɡɭɭ ɰɪɬɨɤɬɪɞɜɩɤɻ ɩɪɞɪɟɪ ɤɩɰɪɬɨɜɲɤɪɩɩɪɟɪ ɫɬɪɭɮɬɜɩɭɮɞɜ ɞ ɟɪɭɯɠɜɬɭɮɞɜɱ ɒɡɩɮɬɜɧɸɩɪɥ ȼɣɤɤ ɤ Ɇɜɣɜɱɭɮɜɩɡ, ɫɪɦɜɣɷɞɜɡɮ ɞɣɜɤɨɪɭɞɻɣɸ ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɤ ɦɜɦ ɪɝɵɡɭɮɞɡɩɩɪ-ɫɪɧɤɮɤɳɡɭɦɪɟɪ ɤ ɭɪɲɤɜɧɸɩɪɟɪ ɤɩɭɮɤɮɯɮɜ ɪɝɵɡɭɮɞɜ, ɬɜɭɦɬɷɞɜɡɮ ɬɪɧɸ ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɤ ɞ ɪɭɪɣɩɜɩɤɤ ɪɝɵɡɭɮɞɪɨ ɩɪɞɷɱ ɹɦɪɩɪɨɤɳɡɭɦɤɱ ɤ ɫɪɧɤɮɤɳɡɭɦɤɱ ɬɡɜɧɤɥ. Ɉɪɩɪɟɬɜɰɤɻ ɫɬɡɠɩɜɣɩɜɳɡɩɜ ɠɧɻ ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɪɞ, ɫɪɧɤɮɪɧɪɟɪɞ, ɤɭɭɧɡɠɪɞɜɮɡɧɡɥ ɮɡɪɬɤɤ ɨɜɭɭɪɞɪɥ ɦɪɨɨɯɩɤɦɜɲɤɤ, ɜ ɮɜɦɢɡ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɪɞ, ɨɜɟɤɭɮɬɪɞ ɤ ɠɪɦɮɪɬɜɩɮɪɞ PhD ɰɜɦɯɧɸɮɡɮɪɞ ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɤ, ɫɪɧɤɮɪɧɪɟɤɤ. Ɉɡɥɬɜɨɟɜɧɤɡɞɜ Ɍ.Ɉ. Ɏɤɫɪɧɪɟɤɻ ɤ ɭɮɬɯɦɮɯɬɜ ɰɤɧɪɭɪɰɭɦɪɟɪ ɬɪɨɜɩɜ ɭɪɞɬɡɨɡɩɩɪɥ ɦɜɣɜɱɭɦɪɥ ɧɤɮɡɬɜɮɯɬɷ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮi, 2013. – 192 ɭ. ISBN 978-601-04-0164-8 Ⱦ ɨɪɩɪɟɬɜɰɤɤ ɞɫɡɬɞɷɡ ɭɮɜɞɤɮɭɻ ɤ ɞ ɪɫɬɡɠɡɧɡɩɩɪɥ ɭɮɡɫɡɩɤ ɬɡɴɜɡɮɭɻ ɜɦɮɯɜɧɸɩɜɻ ɠɧɻ ɭɪɞɬɡɨɡɩɩɪɥ ɩɜɯɦɤ ɫɬɪɝɧɡɨɜ ɮɤɫɪɧɪɟɤɤ ɤ ɭɮɬɯɦɮɯɬɷ ɦɜɣɜɱɭɦɪɟɪ ɰɤɧɪɭɪɰɭɦɪɟɪ ɬɪɨɜɩɜ.

Ɉɜɮɡɬɤɜɧɪɨ ɠɧɻ ɡɡ ɬɡɴɡɩɤɻ ɭɧɯɢɤɮ ɪɝɴɤɬɩɷɥ ɱɯɠɪɢɡɭɮɞɡɩɩɷɥ ɨɜɮɡɬɤɜɧ – ɬɪɨɜɩɷ ɩɜ ɰɤɧɪɭɪɰɭɦɤɡ ɮɡɨɷ ɦɪɩɲɜ ɫɬɪɴɧɪɟɪ ɞɡɦɜ, ɩɜɳɜɧɜ ɹɮɪɟɪ ɞɡɦɜ. ɐɤɧɪɭɪɰɭɦɜɻ ɫɬɪɝɧɡɨɜ ɞ ɦɜɣɜɱɭɦɪɥ ɧɤɮɡɬɜɮɯɬɡ ɬɜɭɭɨɜɮɬɤɞɜɡɮɭɻ ɨɩɪɟɪɟɬɜɩɩɪ, ɭ ɯɳɡɮɪɨ ɦɜɦ ɮɤɫɪɧɪɟɤɳɡɭɦɤɱ, ɮɜɦ ɤ ɰɯɩɦɲɤɪɩɜɧɸɩɷɱ, ɭɮɬɯɦɮɯɬɩɪ-ɭɨɷɭɧɪɞɷɱ, ɻɣɷɦɪɞɷɱ, ɭɮɤɧɡɞɷɱ ɪɭɪɝɡɩɩɪɭɮɡɥ ɦɜɢɠɪɥ ɪɮɠɡɧɸɩɪ ɞɣɻɮɪɟɪ ɫɬɪɤɣɞɡɠɡɩɤɻ ɦɧɜɭɭɤɦɪɞ ɦɜɣɜɱɭɦɪɥ ɧɤɮɡɬɜɮɯɬɷ – ȿɜɝɤɮɜ Ɉɜɱɨɯɠɪɞɤɳɜ Ɉɯɭɬɡɫɪɞɜ, ɬɪɨɜɩɪɞ Ɍɪɧɧɜɩɜ ɍɡɥɭɡɩɝɜɡɞɜ, ɍɨɜɟɯɧɜ Ɂɧɯɝɜɡɞɜ, ɑɜɭɡɩɜ ȼɠɤɝɜɡɞɜ, ȿɡɬɪɧɸɠɜ Ƚɡɧɸɟɡɬɜ ɤ ɠɬ. Ɋɫɤɭɜɩɤɡ ɰɜɦɮɤɳɡɭɦɪɟɪ ɨɜɮɡɬɤɜɧɜ ɫɬɪɞɪɠɤɮɭɻ ɞ ɬɯɭɧɡ ɩɪɞɪɥ ɠɧɻ ɦɪɩɲɜ ɑɑ ɩɜɳɜɧɜ ɑɑI ɞɡɦɜ ɦɪɩɲɡɫɲɤɤ ɬɜɣɞɤɮɤɻ ɰɤɧɪɭɪɰɭɦɪɟɪ ɬɪɨɜɩɜ ɞ Ɇɜɣɜɱɭɮɜɩɡ ɤ ɭ ɯɳɡɮɪɨ ɬɜɣɬɜɝɜɮɷɞɜɡɨɪɥ ɭɪɞɬɡɨɡɩɩɪɥ ɩɜɯɦɪɥ ɮɡɪɬɤɡɥ ɬɜɣɞɤɮɤɻ ɧɤɳɩɪɭɮɤ ɞ ɧɤɮɡɬɜɮɯɬɡ. ɇɪɢɩɤɦɪɞɜ Ɋ. Ɍɜɠɤɪɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɜ: ɯɳɡɝɩɪɡ ɫɪɭɪɝɤɡ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2013. – 188 ɭ. ISBN 978-601-04-0124-2 Ⱦ ɯɳɡɝɩɪɨ ɫɪɭɪɝɤɤ ɭɤɭɮɡɨɜɮɤɣɤɬɪɞɜɩɷ ɣɩɜɩɤɻ ɫɪ ɤɭɮɪɬɤɤ, ɮɡɪɬɤɤ ɤ ɫɬɜɦɮɤɦɡ ɬɜɠɤɪɞɡɵɜɩɤɻ. Ɋɭɪɝɪɡ ɞɩɤɨɜɩɤɡ ɯɠɡɧɡɩɪ ɮɜɦɤɨ ɬɜɣɠɡɧɜɨ ɬɜɠɤɪɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɤ, ɦɜɦ ɫɬɤɬɪɠɜ ɣɞɯɦɜ, ɭɫɡɲɤɰɤɳɡɭɦɤɡ ɞɷɬɜɣɤɮɡɧɸɩɷɡ ɳɡɬɮɷ ɬɜɠɤɪ, ɪɭɪɝɡɩɩɪɭɮɤ ɬɜɠɤɪɬɡɳɤ. Ɍɜɭɭɨɜɮɬɤɞɜɡɮɭɻ ɭɞɪɡɪɝɬɜɣɤɡ ɬɜɣɞɤɮɤɻ ɰɪɬɨɜɮɩɪɟɪ ɬɜɠɤɪ ɞ Ɇɜɣɜɱɭɮɜɩɡ. ɋɬɡɠɩɜɣɩɜɳɡɩɪ ɠɧɻ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɪɞ ɰɜɦɯɧɸɮɡɮɪɞ ɤ ɪɮɠɡɧɡɩɤɥ ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɤ, ɬɜɝɪɮɩɤɦɪɞ ɍɈɄ. ȼɱɨɡɮɪɞɜ ɇ. ɋɬɡɭɭ-ɬɡɧɤɣ. ɋɬɡɭɭ-ɦɪɩɰɡɬɡɩɲɤɻ. Ɋɫɷɮ ɬɜɝɪɮɷ: ɯɳɡɝɩɪɡ ɫɪɭɪɝɤɡ. – 2-ɡ ɤɣɠ., ɠɪɫ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2013. – 90 ɭ. ISBN 978–601–04-0128-0 ɋɪɭɪɝɤɡ ɫɪɭɞɻɵɡɩɪ ɪɠɩɪɨɯ ɤɣ ɤɩɭɮɬɯɨɡɩɮɪɞ ɤɩɰɪɬɨɜɲɤɪɩɩɷɱ ɮɡɱɩɪɧɪɟɤɥ – ɫɬɡɭɭɦɪɩɰɡɬɡɩɲɤɤ ɤ ɨɡɮɪɠɤɦɡ ɡɡ ɪɬɟɜɩɤɣɜɲɤɤ ɤ ɫɬɪɞɡɠɡɩɤɻ, ɫɪɠɟɪɮɪɞɦɡ ɤ ɩɜɫɤɭɜɩɤɺ ɫɬɡɭɭɬɡɧɤɣɪɞ, ɪɫɷɮɡ ɬɜɝɪɮɷ ɭ ɫɬɜɞɪɪɱɬɜɩɤɮɡɧɸɩɷɨɤ ɪɬɟɜɩɜɨɤ. Ƚɬɪɴɺɬɜ ɤɨɡɡɮ ɝɪɧɸɴɪɥ ɝɧɪɦ ɫɬɤɧɪɢɡɩɤɥ ɠɧɻ ɩɜɳɤɩɜɺɵɡɟɪ ɬɜɝɪɮɩɤɦɜ ɫɬɡɭɭ-ɭɧɯɢɝɷ. Ɍɡɦɪɨɡɩɠɯɡɮɭɻ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɜɨ ɰɜɦɯɧɸɮɡɮɜ ɢɯɬɩɜɧɤɭɮɤɦɤ, ɭɞɻɣɡɥ ɭ ɪɝɵɡɭɮɞɡɩɩɪɭɮɸɺ, ɫɪɧɤɮɪɧɪɟɤɤ, ɫɭɤɱɪɧɪɟɤɤ, ɭɪɲɤɪɧɪɟɤɤ, ɺɬɤɠɤɳɡɭɦɤɱ, ɨɡɢɠɯɩɜɬɪɠɩɷɱ ɤ ɠɬɯɟɤɱ ɭɫɡɲɤɜɧɸɩɪɭɮɡɥ, ɜ ɮɜɦɢɡ ɞɭɡɨ, ɤɩɮɡɬɡɭɯɺɵɤɨɭɻ ɞɪɫɬɪɭɜɨɤ ɨɜɭɭ ɨɡɠɤɜ ɤ PR. ɓɡɦɤɩɜ Ɂ.Ƚ., Ɇɜɫɜɭɪɞɜ ɀ.ȼ. Ɍɯɭɭɦɤɥ ɻɣɷɦ: ɯɳɡɝɩɪɡ ɫɪɭɪɝɤɡ ɠɧɻ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɪɞ-ɝɤɪɧɪɟɪɞ. – ȼɧɨɜɮɷ: Ԓɜɣɜԓ ɯɩɤɞɡɬɭɤɮɡɮʁ, 2013. – 210 ɭ. ISBN 978-601-04-0137-2 Ɋɭɩɪɞɩɪɥ ɲɡɧɸɺ ɫɪɭɪɝɤɻ ɻɞɧɻɡɮɭɻ ɪɝɯɳɡɩɤɡ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɪɞ ɦɜɣɜɱɭɦɤɱ ɪɮɠɡɧɡɩɤɥ ɳɮɡɩɤɺ ɮɡɦɭɮɜ ɫɪ ɭɫɡɲɤɜɧɸɩɪɭɮɤ ɩɜ ɬɯɭɭɦɪɨ ɻɣɷɦɡ, ɞɪɭɫɬɪɤɣɞɡɠɡɩɤɺ ɮɡɦɭɮɜ ɭ ɬɜɣɧɤɳɩɷɨɤ ɲɡɧɡɯɭɮɜɩɪɞɦɜɨɤ, ɪɝɯɳɡɩɤɡ ɫɬɜɦɮɤɳɡɭɦɤɨ ɩɜɞɷɦɜɨ ɭɮɬɯɦɮɯɬɩɪ-ɭɨɷɭɧɪɞɪɟɪ ɜɩɜɧɤɣɜ ɩɜɯɳɩɪɟɪ ɮɡɦɭɮɜ ɤ ɫɪɭɮɬɪɡɩɤɻ ɩɜ ɡɟɪ ɪɭɩɪɞɡ ɭɜɨɪɭɮɪɻɮɡɧɸɩɪɟɪ ɞɷɭɦɜɣɷɞɜɩɤɻ ɞ ɫɤɭɸɨɡɩɩɪɥ ɤ ɯɭɮɩɪɥ ɰɪɬɨɡ. ɋɪɭɪɝɤɡ ɫɬɡɠɩɜɣɩɜɳɡɩɪ ɠɧɻ ɭɮɯɠɡɩɮɪɞ-ɝɤɪɧɪɟɪɞ, ɤɣɯɳɜɺɵɤɱ ɬɯɭɭɦɤɥ ɻɣɷɦ ɦɜɦ ɞɮɪɬɪɥ.

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