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ENGLISH SILVER COINAGE Maurice Bull

ISBN: 978-1-907427-50-3

9 781907 427503

Cover coin: 1705 Crown, plumes in angles Courtesy of www.petitioncrown.com Cover design: Russell Whittle - [email protected]

2015

ENGLISH SILVER COINAGE since 1649

6 th Fully Revised Edition By Maurice Bull

ENGLISH SILVER COINAGE from 1649

ENGLISH SILVER COINAGE from 1649 BY MAURICE BULL Based on the original work by P. ALAN RAYNER

LONDON

English Silver Coinage 1649-1949 by H. A. Seaby First Edition 1949 English Silver Coinage from 1649 by P. A. Rayner Second edition 1957 Third (Revised) Edition 1968 Fourth (Revised) Edition 1974 English Silver Coinage from 1649 Fifth (Revised) Edition by P. A. Rayner 1992 Sixth (Revised) Edition by Maurice Bull 2015 The contents of this catalogue, including the numbering system and illustrations are protected by copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Spink & Son Ltd.

Printed by Gutenberg Press Ltd., Tarxien, Malta ISBN 978-1-907427-50-3 © 2015 Spink & Son Ltd. 69 Southampton Row London WC1B 4ET www.spink.com

CONTENTS ESC Introduction Preface Acknowledgements History of the Milled Coinage

Page v-viii ix x-xi xii-xiv

Commonwealth 1649-60

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

1-14 15-68 69-176 177-223 224-230

1 2-4 5-11 12-19 20-24 25

Cromwell 1656-58

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences

240-250 251-253 254-259 260-264

26 27-29 30 31 32-33

Charles II 1660-85

Introduction 1st Hammered issue 2nd -------------------3rd -------------------Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

270-284 385-296 297-338 339-437 438-499 500-565 566-581 582-738

34-35 36-40 41-43 44-48 49-63 64-70 71-83 84 85-94

James II 1685-88

Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

740-747 748-759 760-772 773-780 781-816

95-96 97-98 99-100 101 102-104

William & Mary 1688-94

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings & Sixpences Maundy types

820-825 826-862 863-871 872-986

105 106-107 108-114 115-116 117-128

v

CONTENTS William III 1694-1702

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

ESC 990-1013 1014-1102 1103-1200 1201-1304 1305-1335

Page 129-133 134-137 138-148 149-161 162-174 175-177

Anne 1702-14

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

1340-1356 1357-1384 1385-1445 1446-1472 1473-1533

178-179 180-184 185-189 190-202 203-209 210-216

George I 1714-27

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

1540-1548 1549-1559 1560-1608 1609-1616 1617-1649

217 218-220 221-222 223-228 229-230 231-234

George II 1727-60

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

1660-1672 1673-1693 1694-1735 1736-1764 1765-1843

235 236-238 239-241 242-248 249-252 253-254

George III 1760-1820

Introduction Countermarked Dollars 1798 Patterns Bank of England Dollars Crowns Pattern Crowns Three Shillings Bank Tokens Halfcrowns 1s-6d Bank Tokens Shillings

1850-1903 1904-1924 1925-2004 2005-2019 2020-2060 2061-2085 2086-2111 2112-2123 2124-2182

259-261 262-272 273-275 276-284 285-286 287-296 297-299 300-305 306 307-314 (continued)

vi

CONTENTS George III 1760-1820

Nine pence Bank Tokens Sixpences Maundy types

ESC 2183-2185 2186-2228 2229-2299

Page 315 316-321 322-329

George IV 1820-30

Crowns Pattern Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

2310-2321 2322-2355 2356-2393 2394-2419 2420-2443 2444-2456

330-331 332-339 340-345 346-349 350-352 353

William IV 1830-37

Crowns Halfcrowns Shillings Sixpences Maundy types

2460-2471 2472-2486 2487-2498 2499-2514 2515-2555

354-357 358 359 360-361 362-366

Victoria 1837-1901

Introduction Crowns Pattern Crowns Double Florins Halfcrowns Florins Shillings Sixpences Pattern Sixpences Groats Threepences Twopences Threehalfpences Maundy

2560-2609 2610-2694 2695-2705 2706-2814 2815-2972 2973-3167 3168-3294 3295-3316 3317-3360 3361-3455 3456-3477 3478-3559

367-368 369-375 376-391 392-394 395-406 407-427 428-452 453-460 461-465 466-467 468-472 473-474 475-478

Edward VII 1901-10

Crowns Halfcrowns Florins Shillings Sixpences Maundy

3560-3566 3567-3576 3577-3586 3587-3596 3597-3606 3607-3626

479-480 481 482 483 484 485-486

vii

CONTENTS George V 1910-36

Introduction Crowns Double Florins Halfcrowns Florins Shillings Octorinos Sixpences Threepences Maundy

ESC 3630-3676 3677-3708 3709-3754 3755-3798 3799-3858 3859-3870 3871-3925 3926-3969 3970-3997

Page 487-488 489-493 494-497 498-501 502-504 505-509 510 511-515 516-518 819-520

Edward VIII Jan. -Dec. 36

Introduction Denominations (all)

4000-4015

521 522-525

George VI 1936-52

Introduction Crowns Double Florins Halfcrowns Florins Shillings Sixpences Threepences Maundy

4020-4031 4032-4033 4034-4075 4076-4119 4120-4217 4218-4274 4275-4303 4304-4323

526 527-529 530 531-533 534-536 537-542 543-547 548-549 550-551

Elizabeth II 1952-

Introduction Crowns Halfcrowns Florins Shillings Sixpences Maundy

4330-4348 4349-4392 4393-4441 4442-4520 4521-4558 4559-4580

552-553 554-558 559-561 562-564 565-568 569-57 571

Proposed decimal coinage Unofficial Repro. Patterns Provenances Mintage figures Bibliography Proof sets and individuals viii

572-578 579-582 583-647 648-654 655-656 657-662

PREFACE TO THE SIXTH EDITION This completely revised edition of The English Silver Coinage came about as a result of a talk with Philip Skingley (Spink Numismatic Publications), when he asked if I would consider a long overdue update of the work by Alan Rayner. The last update was in 1992 when letter suffixes were used to record new additions. He suggested I re-number everything in order to remove the confusing letter suffixes. After a few unsuccessful attempts with new formats etc., this is the result. In his fifth Edition Alan Rayner was undecided whether to re-number, in order to eliminate the use of letter suffixes, and to change the format by monarch rather than denomination. After consultation with other collectors I have decided to make those changes and to cross-reference each with the old ESC numbers. Another major decision was what to include that had not been recorded before. After consultation with numerous collectors and knowledgeable persons I decided that this work should be a reference of ALL known silver coins both available and unavailable to collectors, i.e. a record of proofs and patterns of the greatest rarity. Thanks to the computer, the opportunity to profusely illustrate specimens and enlargements of die varieties has been possible. Unfortunately, some varieties, especially on smaller coins, are not photogenic taken from publications. I decided to list, as many as possible, every recorded coin at the back of the book under ‘Provenances’ to show where an illustration is available. This has the added benefit of proving the existence of many rare examples. A small number have not been located either because of rarity, or being too common to have been illustrated in publications. Prior to 1816, when the reducing machine was introduced and dies were copied from a master die, they were individually made by hand, and no two dies were truly identical. This is not intended to be a finite record, but simply to show the major, and, some minor recognised varieties. Some, so-called, varieties have been delisted where they are considered to be the result of striking, damaged or filled dies and not true die-sinker’s errors, i.e. missing stops, un-barred letters and edge inscriptions caused by slippage of the collar segments. When re-numbering this series I decided to leave appropriate gaps in the sequence between reigns for a number of reasons; firstly to enable late additions to be incorporated easily and secondly to help future additions to be made in the next edition, if necessary, without the need to re-number the whole series again. Maurice Bull 2013 ix

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The first edition of English Silver Coinage 1649-1949 was published by H.A. Seaby in 1949. P.A. Rayner published a Second Edition in 1957, a Third in 1968, a Fourth in 1974 and the Fifth (Revised) in 1992 (over two decades ago). Finally I must confess this sixth Edition (revised and updated in a new format) would not have been possible without the knowledge and dedicated work of Alan Rayner, to whom I am deeply grateful, and for the input by a number of collectors in their specialised fields. My most sincere thanks are to Philip Skingley (Spink Numismatic Publications) for giving me the opportunity to tackle such an important task, and for backing the project from start to finish together with immense encouragement and assistance along the tortuous way. I must give a very special thanks to Steve Hill for privately taking the time to proof read and correct my many mistakes and for his valuable suggestions to improve the text and imagery. I wish to thank the following people for their contributions, suggestions, and permission to copy illustrations and notes from their various publications and collections, for without their generosity this publication would not have been possible, and my apologies to anyone I may have missed; Andrew Wide (private collector) Chris Webb, Director at D.N.W Auctions Dave Tisbury (private collector) Douglas Saville (Rare book seller), Ian Hunter (private collector) Lloyd Bennett (Coin dealer), Leon Juckett (private collector) Malcolm Lewendon (private collector) Mark Rasmussen (Coin dealer) Marvin Lessen (private collector) Mike Shaw (private collector) Nick Haddad (private collector) Nigel Prevost (private collector) Paul Cattermole (private collector) Roderick Farey (private collector) Roderick Richardson (Coin dealer) Seth Freeman & Steve Hill at Baldwin’s, and last, but not least, thank you to all my friends with whom I bounced many new ideas; Alan Hawkins, Barry Allen, Mick Martin, Mark Rasmussen, Ray Bayford etc.. x

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am especially indebted to the following people for supplying wonderful images and helping me to unravel many complicated series; Roderick Farey and Nigel Prevost (shillings), Malcolm Lewendon (Gothic Florins etc.), David Tisbury (Commonwealth varieties), and to the anonymous collectors who allowed me to see their private collections. Finally I am very grateful to all the famous named numismatists of the past whose collections were illustrated in the many auction and sales catalogues: Spink, D.N.W, Glendining, Seaby, St. James’s, Bonham’s etc., through which they were sold over the years (in no particular order); Hyman Montagu, Paul W. Karon, R.C. Lockett, Herman Selig, Colonel Morrieson, Lord Hamilton, H.M. Lingford, Jackson-Kent, E.D.J. Van Roekel, The Slaney collection, Dr Bruno Mantegazza, Frederick Willis, Dr D. Rees-Jones, J.C.S. Rashleigh, La Riviere and Kaufman, The Magnus collection, R. Henry Norweb, T.H. Paget, Alfred Bole, H.A. Parsons, H.E. Manville, G. Sommerville,, J.F. Rowlands, Martin Hughes, A.H. Whetmore Alan Barr and the publication by Alex Wilson & Mark Rasmussen ‘Trials and proofs in gold’. (See under ‘Provenances’) A special thanks to the auction houses, dealers and collectors who graciously waived copyright for me to use some of their images when actual specimens were unavailable, and to Nigel Prevost, John Howie and Roderick Farey for allowing me to reprint their published die studies of Anne Shillings. Maurice Bull 2015

xi

HISTORY OF MILLED COINAGE (Reproduced from E.S.C. Fifth Edition by P. Alan Rayner)

ELIZABETH I First use of the mill and screw press in England It is usual to refer to all coins struck by machinery as ‘milled’ but this is a misnomer. The term ‘mill money’ was originally applied to coins made at the Paris Mint about 1552, when the metal was rolled to the required thickness, a cutting press stamped out the blanks, and a screw press was used to strike the coins. The power for these operations was supplied by horse or water (mill). Despite the coins being technically and artistically superior to those made by hand, years of bitter opposition from mint workers who feared for their jobs finally drove the machine’s inventor, Eloye Mestrelle, to seek employment at the Tower Mint in London in 1561. There he was allowed to set up and demonstrate his machinery, being paid the rather miserly salary of twenty-five pounds per annum. During the period from 1561 to 1572 he struck the following denominations. In gold: half-pound, crown, and halfcrown: and in silver: shilling, sixpence, fourpence, threepence, twopence and three-farthings.

Mestrelle’s shilling The gold coins are extremely rare and it is doubtful if they circulated in any quantity. The silver shillings were struck only in small numbers, but the sixpences, struck nearly every year between 1561 and 1571, are relitively common and display such numerous variations in the style of portraiture, mint-mark and diameter that a considerable number of dies is indicated. The fourpence, threepence and halfgroat are considerably scarcer than the sixpences and only a very few specimens of the three-farthings are known. In all, a very considerable number of coins must have been struck. Also known are several superb patterns in gold and silver from dies engraved by Derick Anthiony. xii

HISTORY OF MILLED COINAGE Despite the obvious superiority of his coins, Mestrelle fell foul of strenuous opposition to his machinery and in 1572 was deprived of his emoluments, probably because he was related to a certain Philip Mestrelle who was hanged at Tyburn in 1569 for forgery. An attempt to restore his position resulted in completely false acccusations as to the speed and quality of stiking being made by the Warden of the Mint, Richard Martin. Mestelle was discharged and six years later he was hanged at Norwich together with several accomplaces for striking and passing false money.

CHARLES I Further experiments with mill machinery by Nicholas Briot It is to Charles’ fine artistic taste and his intense desire to improve the poor quality of portraiture and striking of coins that we owe the employment in London of Nicholas Briot, one of the most brilliant artists and die cutters of his time. Like Mestrelle, he was of French origin, having spent some years working at the Paris Mint amid continuous hostility towards the mill and screw machinery, of which he was a staunch advocate. In 1628 he was allowed to set up machinery in the Tower Mint, and at once began to make a number of superb pattern pieces of an artistic and technical standard not previously achieved. Apart from his outstanding qualities as an artist, his refinement over the machinery used by Mestrelle consisted of a circular collar which prevented the blank from spreading unevenly when struck, thus producing coins of a neater and rounder appearance bearing a fuller impression of the dies than had hitherto been possible. Portraiture on the hammered coins improved under his influence, although coins were still struck in a disgracefully shoddy fashion.

N. Briot’s 1st milled Crown

(D.J. Van Roekel 42)

xiii

HISTORY OF MILLED COINAGE Briot’s first milled issue consisted in gold of an angel, unite, double crown and crown, and in silver of a crown (see illustration above), halfcrown, shilling, sixpence, halfgroat and penny. These were struck between July 1631 and July 1632, some coins having in addition to the mintmark B, a flower or rose, the mark in use on the hammered coins at this time. In August 1635 he was appointed Master of the Scottish Mint, and although he held this post until 1646, when he was succeeded by his son-in-law John Falconer, most of the coins for which the Scottish series is justly proud were struck in 1637. Doubtless under his influence, the use of the mill and screw press in Scotland pre-dates the general use of this machinery in London by several years. Briot’s second milled issue in London, struck in 1638-9 with the anchor mintmark consisted only of a silver halfcrown, shilling and sixpence, although hammered halfcrowns and shillings were also made from his dies at this time. While continuing to work at the Tower Mint for the Parliamentary forces during the Civil War, he surreptitiously made dies for the King’s coins at York and Oxford. He died at Oxford in 1646.

N. Briot’s Halfcrown struck at York c. 1643 (Bull 557)

xiv

COMMONWEALTH OF ENGLAND 1649-1660 In 1642, at the beginning of the Civil War, Parliament seized the Tower Mint but continued to strike coins in the name of Charles I and with his portrait. After the king’s execution Parliament ordered coins to be made in the name of the Commonwealth and for the first time the inscriptions in English tongue. The types of all the denominations were uniform, except for the half-penny, and were very commonplace: the three smallest pieces bear no legend. The only variation is a change in the mintmark: until 1657 it was a sun, after that date an anchor; all pieces with this latter mintmark are rare. The authorities having heard of the great advancements made in the manufacture of coins on the continent, sent to Paris for Peter Blondeau who had invented a new machine. He came over and in a house in the Strand erected a machine on the mill and screw principle, from which he struck the finely executed patterns of 1651. His halfcrown patterns were the first pieces made in this country with an inscription on the edge. His position at the Mint was, however, much opposed by the ‘old brigade’ and resulted in the issue of a series of patterns by David Ramage to show that a foreigner was not required. These pieces are of inferior workmanship to those of Blondeau. However, he held on for a time, but by 1658 the opposition was so strong that he was forced to resign leaving his machine behind. He returned to Paris with a pension of £100. A proclamation of 7 September 1661 demonetised the Commonwealth Coinage, but the date was extended until 1 May 1662 for payment of taxes (Craig The Mint, p. 157) The following recorded die varieties demonstrate how large the production must have been during this period. No doubt quantities of Charles I coins were melted down to augment the demand for silver.

1

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

CROWNS

Inverted N

Standard obverse

Standard reverse Blundered E A

Thin wire-line inner circle Inverted N in ENGLAND

6 over 4

Very large 2 over 1

Large 6 over small over 4

6 over 4

Small 6 over 4

Both Ns over inverted Ns

A for V in VS

Normal & inverted Ns

2

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

CROWNS Standard design with value shown as • V • Obv.

Cross of St George on a shield between; palm branch left and laurel branch right, with the mintmark above THE COMMONWEALTH OF ENGLAND SUN

Leg. mm. Rev.

Value · V · above conjoined shields; the cross of St George left and the Irish harp right with date above in the legend GOD WITH VS Spink 3214

Leg. Date

ESC 1 2

1649 —

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

1651 1652 — 1653 — 1654 — 1656

11 12 13

— — —

14



Varieties, remarks, etc

(Old ESC)

R

All Ns over inverted Ns Thin wire-line inner circle, and inverted N in ENGLAND All Ns over inverted Ns All Ns over inverted Ns Many subtle die varieties All Ns over inverted Ns Very large 2/1 All Ns over inverted Ns Many subtle die varieties All Ns over inverted Ns Rev. A for V in VS All normal Ns All normal Ns Rev. A for V in VS Large round 6 possibly over 4 Rev. A for V in VS Blundered E A in COMMONWEALTH 2nd N inverted in ENGLAND Small 6/4 All normal Ns Small 6/4 All normal Ns Rev. A for V in VS Small 6/4 2nd N over inverted N in ENGLAND Rev. A for V in VS Large 6 over small 6 over 4 Rev. A for V in VS 2nd N over inverted N in ENGLAND

4

R R5

1

R4 R R3 N R3 R3 R3 R2

3

R2 S S

8A

R3

8A

2

4 5 6 6A 7 7A 8

9 9

Note There are many sub-varieties of these crowns; most notable in the size of the numerals, alignment of the legends and spacing of the date relative to the value etc. This is inherent in individually handmade coinage. A challenge to make a full die study awaits someone with time and patience

3

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

CROWNS FABRICATION Caveat There are many contemporary and modern forgeries of this series, including some with a copper core, e.g., 1653 (Baldwin’s cabinet) “The re-cutting of the inscription on genuine coins (All Commonwealth denominations) to produce new or rarer readings was the particular line of the notorious 19th century forger, John White” Typical example (Provenance Spink Auction 147, lot 531)

xxx

1660

ANCHOR Tooled to alter date from 1652 to 1660 and mintmark Sun to Anchor Normal N in COMMONWEALTH Ns over inverted Ns in ENGLAND

4

(Unique?)

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

HALFCROWNS OBVERSES

Obverse A

All Ns over inverted Ns

Only stops by mm

COMMONWE·ALT·H

2nd N over inverted N

2nd N over inverted N

No stop after THE

E over ?

Extra stop in TH·E·

All Ns inverted

Inverted Ns

·OF·F

First O over M

N over G

Reverse B 5

Missing T

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

HALFCROWNS Standard reverse with value shown as • II • VI • • II VI • II VI (Pattern 1651 shows value as II • VI)

All stops

Only stops by value

Only stops by value

No central stop in value

No stops by value

1655

5 over 4

2 over 1

3 over 1

3 over 2

4 over 3

6 over 4

6 over 5

All stops

8 over 7

6

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

HALFCROWNS

1659

Normal 2 Low central stop

Large 2 Centralised middle stop

Normal N

N over inverted N

Re-entered N

A. ESC 15 16 17 18

mm. SUN Date

1649 — 1651 —

19



20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

— — — — 1652 — — —

28 29 30 31

1653 — — —

Spink 3215

Varieties, remarks, etc

R

(Old ESC)

No central stop in mark of value All Ns inverted No central stop in mark of value With regular central stop in value 2nd N over inverted N in ENGLAND No central stop in mark of value Mule; 1/- obv. with 2/6 rev. on a shilling flan All Ns over inverted N. No central stop in value

R3

425

(This coin is duplicated under shillings)

(2 known)

No stops by value No stop between GOD WITH No central stop in mark of value Proof, see note 1 Low central stop in value Large figure 2 in date. Centralised stop in value 2 over 1 No stops after THE OF Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH Reads ·OF·F (due to double strike?) 2nd N over inverted N in ENGLAND Re-entered 2nd N in ENGLAND 7

425 2

R R2

426

R7

428

R2 R4 R4 R5 R R? R2 R4

425B?

N R S S

431

425A?

426A 426B 427 429 429A? 430 430A

431A 431A

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

HALFCROWNS 32 33

1653 —

34



35



36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

— — — — 1654 — — — — —

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57

— — 1655 1656 — — — — — — — 1657

58 59 60 61

B. 1658 — 1659 1660

No stop after THE Only stops on obverse by mintmark (with all stops on reverse) Only stops on obverse by mintmark Only stops on reverse by value 5 over 4 All stops on obverse Only stops on reverse by value Only stop in reverse legend after date 3 over 1 3 over 2 65 over 56 (i.e. altered from 1563) Only stops by mintmark Only stops on reverse by value 4 over 3 Error; E over I in COMMONWEALTH Error; first O struck over M in COMMONWEALTH Reads COMMONWEALH (note missing T) Error; first N of ENGLAND over G (4 known. 2 in B.M.)

Proof-like appearance Only stops on obverse by mintmark No stop after THE Extra stop in TH·E· 6 over 4 6 over 5 6 over 5 and extra stop in TH·E· (2 known)

mm. ANCHOR 8 over 7 (2 known)

8

S R

431A

R

431C?

R

431D?

R R R R4 S R R R R2 R3

431B

R4 R3 R5 S R6 R4 R4 R4 R R4 R4 R7

435B

431C?

432 433 433A 434 434A? 434A? 435 ? 435A

? 436 437 437B 437F 437E 437A 437B? 438 438A 438B?

Spink 3216 R5 439 R4 440 R7 441 R4 442

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

HALFCROWNS PATTERNS Simon C&D

Flaw? 62

C 1651

By Simon and (Blondeau)2, 1651 Obverse similar to the current halfcrown, but much neater workmanship, and struck in a mill (13 harp strings) Rev. Value with central stop only Edge, IN · THE · THIRD · YEARE · OF · FREEDOME · BY · GODS · BLESSING · RESTORED · 1651

R3

443

63

D 1651

R2

444

64



Similar, but with different edge reading Edge, TRVTH : AND : PEACE : 1651 (olive branch) : PETRVS : BLONDÆVS : INVENTOR : FECIT · (palm branch) Similar. In copper, on thin flan, edge, plain (unique?)

R7

444A

R7

444B

Simon E

65

E 1651

By Simon, 1651 Similar in design to the current halfcrown, but with a hair-line within a beaded border both sides, and leaves on inside of the palm branch; not machine made 3 9

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

HALFCROWNS

Ramage F

66

F 1651

67



By Ramage, 1651 Obv. Cross of St George on a smaller shield within twin laurel branches, with berries Leg. ˙ THE ▪ COMMON ▪ WEALTH ▪ OF ▪ ENGLAND Star at the top with lozenge stops in both legends Rev. Small conjoined shields with cross of St George left and Irish harp right, in front of a guardian Angel. Inner beaded circles both sides Leg. GAVRDED ▪ WITH ▪ ANGELES ▪ 1651 AND PEACE 1651 Edge, TRVTH between two beaded lines (9 examples*) wt. 17.312g Similar. Edge, plain (8 examples*) Slaney 364, wt. 15.23g

R5

445

R7

445B3

*Numbers listed by Bergne (Numismatic Chronicle vol. XVII, 1855) - Slaney 364

Ramage G

68

G 1651

By Ramage (?), 1651 Obv. Similar to current coin, but of finer style Shields are more square-shape and smaller Rev. No mark of value. Plain edge Leg. GOD · VVITH · VS · (note V V for W) 10

R7

445D

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

HALFCROWNS 1

Notes This, in the British Museum, may be just an exceptionally well struck ordinary coin. Also in the B.M. is a halfcrown of this date with a milled edge; it is not as well struck as might be expected of a proof, so may be an experimental piece or have had the milling added unofficially Old ESC 434a, with double TT error viz. 1654 COMMONWEALTTH, is almost certainly due to double-striking, and removed from listing.

2

In order to clear up a misconception; “Blondeau did not make dies, but hardware; Simon made dies” (Marvin Lessen)

3

For old ESC 445A & 445C see under Shillings Variations in size, spacing and alignment of dates and legends are ignored unless significant. Specimens in high grades are much rarer than indicted (This applies to all denominations) Because of the hammered coinage’s hand-made nature it is prone to much variety between dies and lacks the uniformity of the milled coinage. (Steve Hill)

11

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS Standard design as crown with value shown on rev. as • XII • or XII Mm. Sun

All stops Normal Ns

All stops & Ns over inverted Ns

Only stops by mm. Ns over inverted N

No stop after THE

No stops N over inverted N in COMONWEALTH

Only stops by mm. Normal Ns

All stops, extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH

No stops All Ns over inverted Ns

COMMMONWEALTH Double-striking error

12

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS

No stop after THE

F over D

No stop after OF Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH But not after N nor after OF

O over M, 2nd M over O

No stop after ENGLAND

No stops by mm.

Stop in O·F

Single M

ENGLND (minus A)

COMMON•WEALTH

COMMONWEATH (minus L)

COMMONWEALH (minus T)

E over E

Re-entered T

D over P?

No stop after WEALTH

2nd N inverted

No stop after OF

13

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS

Inverted N

N over inverted N

N over G

51 over 49

51 over 49

1659

Date off-set left

2 over 1

2 over 2 on its side

5 2 wide apart

4 over 3

5 over 4 over 3

8 over 7

O over M 2nd M over O

G over L?

O·F·

M over F?

XII over IIX

T over G

14

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS Mm. Anchor

All stops

No stops by mm.

No stops

No stop after THE

No stop after THE and ENGLAND

Stop in COMMMON·WEALTH but not before or after OF

All stops

No stops by value

No stops

Only stops by value

No stop after date

V over O

15

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS A. ESC 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86

Date

1649 — — — — — — — — — 1651 — — — — — — —

87 88 89 90 91 92 93

— — — — — — —

94 95 96

— — —

97 98

— —

99



mm. SUN Varieties, remarks, etc

F over D in OF No stop after OF No stop after ENGLAND 2nd N inverted in ENGLAND 1st N over G in ENGLAND All Ns over inverted Ns No stops after THE and by value No stops after OF or ENGLAND Inverted N in COMMONWEALTH Inverted N in COMMONWEALTH N over inverted N in COMMONWEALTH 1st N over inverted N in ENGLAND 2nd N over inverted N in ENGLAND No stops on obverse No stops on obverse. All Ns over inverted Ns No stops on obverse. N over inverted N in COMMONWEALTH 51 over 49 All Ns over inverted Ns 51 over 49 and only stops on obverse at mintmark 51 over 49 and no stops on obverse No stop after THE Proof. No stop after THE Only stops on obverse at mintmark Only stops on obverse at mintmark All Ns over inverted Ns No stop after OF over D and ENGLAND No stop after ENGLAND No stops after ENGLAND and COMMONWEALTH Error, one M in COMONWEALTH Struck from shilling obverse die and a halfcrown reverse die 1 No stops at mintmark N over inverted N in COMMONWEALTH 16

Spink 3217 R

(Old ESC)

R R3 R R R R R R R R2 N R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2

982

R2 R2 S R R5 R2 R2

983A

R2 R R

982B 982A 982A 982C? 982D? 982B 983

983A 983B 984 984A 984A

984B 984B

R3 R7

984C

R2

984E

984D

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS 100

1651

101 102 103 104 105 106

— — 1652 — — —

107 108

— —

109 110

— —

111



112 113 114

— — —

115 116 117

— — —

118 119

— —

120 121 122

— — —

123 124 125 126 127 128 129

— 1653 — — — — —

Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH No stop before or after OF and F in OF over D Mark of value over inverted value XII over IIX Re-entered T in WITH Date off-set left Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH No stops on obverse N over inverted N in COMMONWEALTH No stop after date No stop after THE and N over inverted N in COMMONWEALTH No stop after ENGLAND No stop after ENGLAND and Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH but No stops by mintmark 2 over 1 and no stop after THE 2 over 1 and no stop after ENGLAND Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH 2 over 2 No stops on reverse including by value 2 over 1 and extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH 2 over 2 on its side, and no stop after THE 2 over 2 on its side, and no stop after THE and an extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH 2 over 1? Error V over O in VS Large 2 and N over inverted N in COMMONWEALTH 5 2 in date wide apart No stops at mintmark No stops at mintmark and Extra stop in COMMON·WEALTH Colon (?) in COMMON:WEALTH All Ns over inverted Ns Reads COMMONWEALH in error (minus T) 2 D over P? in ENGLAND T over G in THE No stop after THE 17

R2

984F

R4 R N R R2 R

?

R N

986A

R R3

986B

R2

986H

R R R2

985A 985A

R3 R3 R

986C

R2 R2

986E

R2 R2 R R3 N R R3 R3 R2 R

? 985

986D

986

986G

985B

985C 986H

986F 986G 986I 987 988C 988C 987A 988A

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS 130

1653

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144

— — — — — — 1654 — — — — — — —

145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154

1655 — — — — 1656 — — — —

155 156 157 158 159 160

— — — 1657 — —

No stop after THE and Reads COMMONWEALH in error (minus T)2 No stop after COMMONWEALTH No stop after ENGLAND No stops at mintmark 3 over 2 Only stops on obverse flanking mintmark Only stops on reverse after date All stops and Ns over inverted Ns 4 over 3 All stops and Ns over inverted Ns No stop after ENGLAND 4 over 3 and re-entered E in COMMONWEALTH Reads ENGLND (minus letter A) No stop after OF N over inverted N in COMONWEALTH Only stops on reverse flanking value No stop after OF No stop after ENGLAND 5 over 4 5 over 4 over 3 Reads EGLAND (minus letter N) No stop after ENGLAND No stops at mintmark Extra stop in O·F· but no stop after COMMONWEALTH and the 2nd M over F? No stops on obverse No stops on obverse or by value Only stops on reverse flanking value No stop after OF and 7 over 6? (B.M.) No stops on obverse

R4 R2 R R R2 R R S R R R R R4 R2

988B

988 989B 989C 989E 989D 990 991 990A ? 992 992A

R2 R2 R2 R2 R3 N R R R R3

993

R2 R2 R2 R5 R5 R5

995D

993A 994 994A 995 995D 995A 995B 995C

995E 995F 996 996A 997

Errors; caused by striking have been delisted; e.g. Old ESC 989, 989a & 990b (illustrated as an example). Sub-varieties, due to the alignment of legends and size of lettering etc, are also generally ignored to avoid complication. The general quality of striking and size of flans in this period varies a great deal, especially with the smaller denominations. The letter N is regularly found struck over an inverted N and recorded as much as possible.

18

COMMOMWEALTH, 1649-60

SHILLINGS 161 162 163 164 165 166

B. 1658 — — — — —

167 168 169 170 171 172

— — 1659 1660 — —

mm. Anchor With stops by mintmark No stops by mintmark No stops on obverse No stop after THE No stop after ENGLAND No stop after ENGLAND. 1st O over M and 2nd M over O in COMMONWEALTH 8 over 7 no stop after ENGLAND G over L in ENGLAND (2 known)

No stops by mintmark No stop after ENGLAND

Spink 3218 R2 998 R3 R3 R3 R3 998A R3 R3 R3 R7 R3 R3 R3

999A

R3

1002

R6

1003

R6

445A

R6

445C

999 1000 1001

PATTERNS Blondeau C

173

C. 1651

174



175

1651

176



1 2 3

By Blondeau, 1651 Similar to the ordinary shilling Much neater workmanship. Struck in a mill No stops by mintmark and mark of value Milled edge Similar, with plain edge (B.M. Collection) By Ramage, 1651 His halfcrown dies used on a shilling flan 3 Milled edge (See under halfcrown earlier) Similar with a plain edge wt. 6.123g.

See 1651 halfcrown (struck on a shilling flan), note by P.A. Rayner The error; COMMONWEALH (minus T), looks very convincing, so is retained These were thought to be halfcrowns on thin flans, but now transferred to shillings; Really a shilling struck from a halfcrown reverse die and a shilling obverse die. Only two examples are known, 1 in the British Museum. Some authorities consider these to be shillings but I am still inclined to regard them as halfcrowns struck on a thin flan (P.A.R.)

19

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

SIXPENCES Standard design as crown with value shown as • VI •

All stops

No stops by mm.

Only stops by mm

Colon after ENGLAND:

COMMMONWEALTH

Anchor

(Not double struck)

All stops

Only stop after date

1657

No stop after COMMONWEALTH

Letters NGLAN over GLAND

Inverted N and no stop after COMMONWEALTH

20

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

SIXPENCES

N over inverted N

No stop after ENGLAND

No stop after THE

Re-entered D

D over O

Flaw over value

52 over 49

5 over 4, 2 over 1 over 9

2 over 1?

51 over 49

3 over 1

4 over 3

5 over 6 & 7 over 6

5 over 4? & 8 over 7

die flaw?

7 over 6

Small 4 no serifs

1659

21

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

SIXPENCES A. Date

ESC 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188

1649 — 1651 — — — — — — 1652 — —

189 190 191 192 193 194 195

— — — — — — —

196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208

— 1653 — — 1654 — — 1655 1656 — — 1657 —

mm. SUN Varieties, remarks, etc

No stop after ENGLAND N over inverted N in COMMONWEALTH No stops at mm. No stops after ENGLAND 51 over 49 No stops after ENGLAND1 51 over 49 and no stops at mintmark 51 over 49 No stop after COMMONWEALTH2 Inverted N in COMMONWEALTH Inverted N and No stop after COMMONWEALTH Re-entered D in ENGLAND No stops by mintmark Only stop in reverse legend after date2 52 over 49? Large 2 over 1? 52 over 49 extra M in COMMMONWEALH2 52 over 1 over 49 and an extra M in COMMMONWEALH2 Mark of value punched over lower placed I No stop after THE 3 over I 4 over 3 Small 4 without serifs Only stops on obverse are at mintmark No stop after ENGLAND 5 over 6 & 7 over 6 and letters NGLAN over GLAND 22

Spink 3219 R

(ESC)

S S N R R R R R R N N

1483 1483A 1484 1484A 1484B 1485 1485A 1485B 1486 1486C 1486C

R R R R R R5 R5

1486A

S S R R R R2 R2 R4 S R R R5 R5

1487C

1486A 1486B 1487 1487A 1487B 1487D

1488 1488A 1488C 1489 1490 1490 1491 1492 1492A 1493 1493A

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

SIXPENCES 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216

B. 1658 — — — 1659 — 1660 —

mm. ANCHOR 8 over 7 D over O in ENGLAND No stop after COMMONWEALTH No stop after COMMONWEALTH No stop after THE

Spink 3220 R3 1494 R3 1495 R4 1495A R3 ? R6 1496 R6 1496A R3 1497 R4 1497A

PATTERNS

Blondeau C

217

C. 1651

218



By Blondeau, 1651 As the ordinary sixpence, but of much neater workmanship and struck in a press. No stops by value and mintmark. Edge, milled Similar. Thinner flan, plain edge (Not traced)

23

R2

1498

R6

1498A

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

SIXPENCES

Ramage D

D. 219

1651 Leg. Edge

220 221 222 223

— — — —

By Ramage, 1651 Dated 1651 on the edge only As the ordinary sixpence, but of much neater workmanship and struck in a press TRVTH AND PEACE (both obv. & rev) TRVTH AND PEACE 1651 between two rows of beading In gold wt. 13·94g In copper. Edge, plain. Edge, between two rows of beading3 In copper, plated

R5

1499

R6 R6 R7 R7

1500 1501 1502 1503

Notes The general standard of striking is poor with a large number of sub-varieties due to their hand-made nature. Specimens in high grades are very much rarer than indicated 1 2 3

This obverse die occurs paired with reverse dies dated 52 over 49, and what appear to be 52 over 51 over 49 Two examples of 3Ms spelling error recorded. Each is from a different reverse die, one clearly reading 1652/1/49, the other 1652/49 but it’s unclear if also over a 1. The obverse die was also used for a half unite in gold (ex R.C. Lockett Collection) This is probably not in silver, but silver-plated copper, i.e. 1502 and 1503 are the same coin. Both are in the B.M. and only a specific gravity test could determine their metal content if permitted

24

COMMONWEALTH, 1649-60

TWOPENCE, PENNY & HALF-PENNY No legend, date or mintmark

HALFGROAT (TWOPENCE) Standard design showing value · II · above conjoined shields

(x1.5)

ESC 224 225 226 227

Spink 3221

Varieties, remarks, etc

R

(Old ESC)

Caveat; crude dies are contemporary forgeries Shields transposed Mark of value reads H due to die flaw Mark of value reads III due to double striking

C R3 R R

2160 2160A

PENNY As Halfgroat but showing value · I · above conjoined shields

(x1.5)

228 229

Caveat; crude dies are contemporary forgeries No stops at mark of value

Spink 3222 C 2263 R2 2263A

HALF-PENNY Not showing any value above single reverse shield

(x2)

230

Spink 3223 Caveat; crude dies are contemporary forgeries C 2363 Note: After 1672 the half-penny was only struck in copper! 25

OLIVER CROMWELL, 1656-58 INTRODUCTION A set of coins with the Protector’s portrait was issued by his order and with the consent of the Council. These pieces are of the finest workmanship, the dies having been executed by that greatest of engravers, Thomas Simon, and the striking done by means of Blondeau’s machine. Most authorities consider that these pieces were never put into circulation and must therefore, be classed as patterns. In the writer’s view, however, the rare halfcrowns of 1656 appear to have circulated as they nearly alwas turn up in worn condition. The coins of 1658 were struck in large quantities, except for the sixpence, and were probably intended for circulation: the majority were not issued owing to Cromwell’s death in September of that year. Some of Simon’s puncheons for the Cromwell coinage were sold in the Low Countries and an imitation crown was made there, known as the ‘Dutch crown’. Other Durch dies were prepared and some of these found their way back to the Mint, and in 1738 it was decided to strike a set of Cromwell’s coins. Shillings and sixpences were struck from Dutch dies; and John Tanner, the Engraver at the Mint, made a crown from new dies.1 Although not originals, these pieces always realise a good price as they are all rare. (P.A. Rayner, 1949)

1

D.F. Allen. The Coinage of Cromwell and its imitations. B.N.J. xxiv, p. 191

26

OLIVER CROMWELL 1656-58 CROWNS

Leaf to A Thomas’

8 over 7

Inverted N (Dutch)

8 Tanner

Standard obverse and reverse by Thomas Simon Obv. Leg.

Draped and laureate bust, left OLIVAR · D · G · R · P · ANG · SCO · HIB &c PRO Oliver by the Grace of God Protector of the Republic of England Scotland and Ireland 27

OLIVER CROMWELL 1656-58 CROWNS Rev.

Large English crown above the quartered arms, left to right: England, Scotland, Ireland and England. Superimposed in the centre is Cromwell’s rampant lion. The date above is divided by the cross on top of the crown PAX · QVÆRITVR · BELLO Peace is sought through war HAS · NISI · PERITVRVS · MIHI · ADIMAT · NEMO Let no-one remove these (letters) from me under penalty of death

Leg. Edge

Spink 3226

(Old ESC)

ESC 240

Date

Varieties, remarks, etc

R

L&S

1658

S

1

241 242

— —

By Thomas Simon 8 over 7 (Only known with date altered from 16571) Top leaf of laurel to left of right foot of A Lettered edge as above In gold (2 known; wts. 716grs-46.39g & 758 grs-49.12g) In pewter (Contemporary cast with a very pronounced flaw across the neck)

R7 R7

1A

10A

1B

10B

243

1658

244 245

— —

246

1658

247

1658

‘Dutch copy’ (Artist unknown) Similar, but top leaf of laurel to first limb of inverted letter N. Not an over-date wt.32.58 g Lettered edge as above Silver gilt wt. 30.28 g In pewter. Edge rough, may have been lettered (In British Museum Collection) but now plain. J.S. Tanner’s copy (struck in 1738) Similar, but slightly different features, top leaf of laurel between A and N, the N not inverted and leaf not so pointed; The beading of the border is wider; wt. 31.47 g Flaw in all Ps Stops after HIB· and PRO· Lettered edge as above Similar. Edge, plain wt. 28.31 g

28

10

Spink 3226A 2 11 R3

R6 R7

2A

11A

2D

Spink 3226B 3 13 R3

R5

3A

14

OLIVER CROMWELL 1656-58 CROWNS Date

Varieties, remarks, etc

ESC 248

1658

Simon / Tanner Simon’s obverse muled with Tanner’s reverse Edge, plain; on a thick flan wt. 638 grains- 41.34g

249

1658

Tanner / Simon Similar, but muling reversed; Tanner’s obverse muled with Simon’s reverse

(Old ESC)

R

L&S

R7

3B

14A

4

14B

R7

PATTERNS (Imitation)

250

1843 Obv Leg Rev Leg Edge

1

2 3

Imitation Pattern Crown by L.C. Wyon Similar to Simon’s bust of Cromwell, but with different spacing and style of lettering OLIVAR·D·GR·P·ANG·SCO·HIB&c PRO Bust of Louis XVIII left, with long hair tied with a ribbon W WYON R . A . CUDI JUSSIT “W. Wyon R.A. ordered this to be struck” LEONARD.C.WYON 1843 below truncation Plain. In pewter, on a 38 mm flan wt. 32.46gm

R7

5

14C

Notes At a very early stage a flaw started in the obverse die near the O in OLIVAR and slowly stretched right across the bust. They can be obtained with all the stages of the flaw showing. Some of the later strikings from this die show an attempt was made to repair the flaw. The frosting is achieved by tiny punch marks. This process is called Mezotinto Leonard Wyon was only 16 years of age upon executing this piece Tin, pewter or white metal are descriptions for the same metal Linecar & Stone list some other variations on pages 3-6 which are dubious and ignored

29

OLIVER CROMWELL, 1656-58 HALFCROWNS By Thomas Simon

HI

Spurious fabrication 1657

HIB Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg. Edge

As crown, with two readings of legend OLIVAR · D · G · RP · ANG · SCO · HIB (HI) &c PRO As crown PAX · QVÆRITVR · BELLO HAS · NISI · PERITVRVS · MIHI · ADIMAT · NEMO + Spink 3227 Date

Varieties, remarks, etc

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 251

1656

Legend reads HI &c PRO

252 253

1658 —

xxx

1657

Legend reads HIB &c PRO Proof in gold (6 known) Caveat Fabrication. Genuine 1658 coin altered to 1657 30

3

R

446

Spink 3227A 447 S R5 447A

OLIVER CROMWELL, 1656-58 SHILLINGS

HIB &c PRO

Small swan countermark (unofficial) Normal N

Inverted N

HIB · PRO As crown, with two readings of legend OLIVAR · D · G · RP · ANG · SCO · HIB & PRO As crown PAX · QVÆRITVR · BELLO

Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg.

Spink 3228 Date

ESC 254

1658

255



256

1658

257 258 259

— — —

xxx

1658

Varieties, remarks, etc

R

(Old ESC)

By Thomas Simon. Always a flaw below the P in front of laurel wreath. Reads HIB &c PRO. Edge, plain In gold. Edge, milled

S

1005

Dutch copy Similar but slightly different features and Leg. reads HIB · PRO (&c omitted) No flaw Inverted N in ANG. Edge, plain Weights vary by ± 1g On a thick flan. 8 of date over a smaller 8 Edge, grained In copper Unofficial fabrication (Possibly a Trader’s mark) Genuine coin countermarked with a swan below bust 31

R7 1005A Spink 3228A R6 1006

R6 R6 R6

1006A 1006B 1007

OLIVER CROMWELL, 1656-58 SIXPENCES Thomas Simon

HIB &c PRO Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg. Edge

1

As the crown OLIVAR · D · G · RP · ANG · SCO · HIB &c PRO As crown PAX · QVÆRITVR · BELLO Plain or milled (Official issue by Simon)

Date

ESC 260

1658

261



Spink 3229

Varieties, remarks, etc

(Old ESC)

R

Laurel leaf points to left limb of A 4 berries in wreath. HIB &c PRO Edge, milled Similar. Edge, plain. In pewter

R

Liberty cap (Cast) 32

1504

(4 known)

Dutch copy by Tanner As before, but legend reads HIB · PRO

HIB PRO

6

R7

1504A

OLIVER CROMWELL, 1656-58 SIXPENCES 262

1658

263 264

— —

xxx

1658

(Dutch copy by Tanner) Similar, but reads HIB · PRO (minus &c) Laurel leaf points to P, no berries in wreath Heaviest noted 6.24g (Norweb 48/432) Edge, milled1 Edge, plain In bronze (Not traced)

Spink 3229A R5 1505 R4 R6

1506 1506A

Unofficial fabrication Cast copy with the liberty cap below bust 2

Notes 1

These are on flans varying greatly in weight and thickness. The heavier pieces were at one time regarded as ninepences. Only four genuine Cromwell sixpences are believed to exist, although rather more of the copies were executed in the Low Countries by Tanner c. 1738.

2

“The portrait of Cromwell with the liberty cap beneath may relate to the Netherlands, where the cap was an emblem of political freedom” “This piece is controversial and is possibly a later cast” (Wilson & Rasmussen, p. 76) (St James’s Auction 2, lot 157)

33

INTRODUCTION CHARLES II 1660-85 At the beginning of this reign, Thomas Simon, who had been Chief Engraver at the Mint under the Commonwealth, applied for reinstatement, and although the King had already promised the position to Thomas Rawlins, he did in fact on May 31st 1661, grant ‘to Thomas Simon ...... the office of one of the engravers of the King’s Arms shields and stamp’. It would appear that Simon shared the position with Rawlins, but most of the work devolved upon the former, although the two men may have co-operated to some extent in the production of dies for the three hammered coinages of 1660 to 1661 (The indenture, dated 20th July 1660, authorises silver crowns, but none are known). These hammered coinages consist of three main issues, the first having no mark of value or inner circles. The second has the mark of value added behind the King’s head, as instructed by a warrant of 28th November 1661. The third issue, much the largest or at any rate the most common today, has an inner circle on both sides as well as the mark of value. There is practically no doubt that Simon was soley responsible for the dies of the undated Maundy and similar pieces, as in April 1665 he claims £35 in payment for ‘altering the stamps of the fourpenny, threepenny, tuppeny and penny by way of the mill’. As this claim is of later date than that on which Simon was displaced by John Roettier, it shows clearly that he worked on dies for minor coins almost until his death during the Great Plague of 1665. John and Joseph Roettier, two brothers whose family had rendered services to Charles during his exile, were appointed engravers in 1661 and in January of the following year were directed to prepare all the neccessary dies for the new ‘milled’ coinage. Shortly afterwards they were instructed ‘to engrave a trial crown in competition with Simon, and all three men to cease all other work until the task be completed’. The results were the famous ‘petition crown’ by Simon, and the pattern (E.S.C. 68-71) by the Roettiers: the sequel is of course well known; John Roettier was appointed Chief Engraver in May 1662 and was assisted by his brother Joseph in the production of dies for milled coinage. Joseph left the Mint and went to France in 1672. In April 1662 Peter Blondeau was recalled from France, appointed Engineer, a new post and was instructed ‘to furnish all mills, rollers, presses and other instruments, to cut, flatten, make round and size the pieces; the engine to make the edges of money with letters and grainings, the great presses for coining of moneys and all other tools and engines for the new way of coining’. George Bower was appointed an Engraver in Ordinary in 1664, but worked mainly on the production of medals. He is not known to have engraved any coin dies for Charles II or James II.

34

INTRODUCTION CHARLES II 1660-85 The first ‘milled’ halfcrowns and shillings were issued in 1663, the dated twopence in 1668, the dated fourpence, threepence and penny in 1670, and the sixpence in 1674. Thus four major and four minor denominations were struck in silver, the former having on their reverse four shields of arms in the form of a cross, and the small coins their value represented by one to four Cs. The crown and halfcrown have an inscribed edge; on this are the words DECVS ET TVTAMEN which translated means ‘An ornament and a safeguard’, followed by the monarch’s regnal year, which in this reign was reckoned from the death of Charles I. This practice was continued on the crown with a few breaks until 1935, and on halfcrowns until the end of the reign of George II. The regnal year does not correspond to the calendar year, and for this reason we usually find coins of the same date with two different regnal years on the edge. Another custom previously only adopted for Welsh silver was extended in this reign, that is, the custom of marking some of the coins with a symbol to denote the source of metal from which they were struck: Elephant, or Elephant and Castle, the Africa (‘Guinea’) Co., the symbol used on its badge Plumes, silver from mines in Wales. Rose, silver from mines in the West of England (P.A. Rayner, 1949)

Charles II began the tradition whereby the portrait of each monarch faced in the opposite direction to his or her predecessor; Cromwell left - Charles II right – James II left etc. (The only exception; Edward VIII faces left and not right)

35

CHARLES II, 1660-85

FIRST HAMMERED ISSUES Variants of the obverse legend found in this series 1 2 3 4 5 5E 6 6E 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 141 16 17 18 192 20 21

CAROLVS II D G MAG BRIT FRAN ET HIB REX ― ― ― ― ― FRA ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― FR ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― H ― ― ― ― ― BRI FRA ― HIB ― CAROLV ― ― ― ― ― ― HIB ― CAROLVS ― ― ― ― FR ― ― ― CARLVS ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― CAROLVS ― ― ― ― ― ― HI ― ― ― ― ― BR ― ― HIB ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― HI ― ― ― ― ― B FR ET H ― ― ― ― ― B F ET HIB ― ― ― ― MA BR ― ― HI ― ― ― ― M ― FR ET HIB ― ― ― ― M ― ― ET HI ― ― ― ― ― ― F ET H ― ― ― ― ― B ― ET H ― ― ― ― ― B ― ET HIB ― CAPOLVS ― ― M BP F FT H PFX CPOLVS ― ― M BP F HI PFX (sic No ET) CROLVS ― ― MA B F ET HI REX Charles II by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France & Ireland Standard reverse legend CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO I reign under the auspice of Christ

1 2

Notes Some specimens are found with legend reading M PR FR ET HI REX, since this is almost certainly the result of filled dies they are delisted This peculiar legend is most likely due to a filled die. Large numbers of dies were used in this series, as proven by the variations in the alignment of legends etc. Unfortunately these differences are not significant enough to warrant inclusion as major varieties in this work.

36

CHARLES II, 1660-85

FIRST HAMMERED ISSUES Type A No mark of value or inner circles Undated, mm. Crown

HALFCROWN

Reverse 1 Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg.

1 1 1a

BRIT FRAN

Reverse 1a

Crowned and draped bust, left. King with long hair falling over his shoulders. Mintmark Crown (on obverse only) CAROLVS•II•D•G•MAG•BRIT•FRAN•ET•HIB•REX Square-topped shield over a long forked cross CHRISTO • AVSPICE • REGNO No stop above shield and no edge legend With a stop above shield Spink 3307

ESC 270 271

Leg.

1 1

Varieties, remarks, etc

(Old ESC)

R 3

Reverse 1 Reverse 1a

R R3

37

448 448A

CHARLES II, 1660-85

FIRST HAMMERED ISSUES SHILLING

Reverse 1

272 273

3 3

BRIT FR

Reverse 1a Spink 3308 1010 R 1009 R

Reverse 1 Reverse 1a

SIXPENCE

BRIT FRAN

274

1

Spink 3309 1507 R

Reverse 1a

HALFGROAT (TWOPENCE)

BRIT HIB

BRIT H 38

MAG B H

CHARLES II, 1660-85

FIRST HAMMERED ISSUES Leg. 3 4 10

CAROLVS . II . D.G. MAG . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX CAROLVS II D G MAG BRIT FR ET H REX CAROLVS . II . D:G: MAG : B : FR : ET . H . REX Spink 3310

ESC 275 276

Leg

277

4

278

10

3 4

Varieties, comments etc.

With stops both sides 5 harp strings No stops obverse 5 harp strings Minute stops flanking mintmark No stops obverse, reads RFX (filled die?) Reverse: no stop after REGNO 5 strings Reverse with stops 5 harp strings

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 143,2(i)

S S

2161

p. 143,2(ii) p. 143,2(iii)

S

2162A

p. 143,2(iv)

S

2163

2162

PENNY Type A1 With crown mintmark

(x1.5)

MAG BRIT HIB

Leg. 3 4

CAROLVS . II . D.G. MAG . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX CAROLVS II D G MAG BRIT FR ET H REX

21 C. ESC 279 280 281

Leg

3 4 21

CROLVS . II . D.G. MA . B . F . ET . HI . REX Spink 3311 Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

With stops both sides No stops both sides. Reads ET H REX Reads CROLVS (minus A)

39

p. 143,1 (i) p. 143,1 (ii) p. 143,1 (iii)

(Old ESC)

R 2

R R2 R2

2264 2264A 2264B

CHARLES II, 1660-85

FIRST HAMMERED ISSUES PENNY Type A2 No mintmark

M BR F HI

Leg. 17 20 21

BR F ET H

CAPOLVS

CAROLVS II D G M BR F ET H REX CAPOLVS II D G M BP F HI PEX (minus ET) CROLVS . II . D.G. MA . B . F . ET . HI . REX (minus A & ET) Spink 3312

ESC 282 283 284

Leg

17 20 21

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

No stops on reverse Note: Ps for Rs. (minus ET) Stop above King’s head (minus A & ET)

p. 143,3 (ii) p. 143,3 (i)*

(Old ESC)

R 3

R R

2265 2266

5 harp strings

*Robinson quotes this legend as reading CPOLVS (although not traced, numbered)

40

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SECOND HAMMERED ISSUES Type B With mark of value (No inner circles)

HALFCROWN - XXX

S over S BRIT FRAN

BRIT FRA Mm. Rev.

Reverse 1a

Large XXX

1a

On obv. only, with or without stops left and right With a stop above the shield

Leg.

Varieties, remarks, etc

BRI FRA

Spink 3313 ESC 285 286 287 288 289

1 2 5 5 5

(Old ESC)

R

BRIT FRAN BRIT FRA BRI FRA with small xxx BRI FRA with large XXX BRI FRA S over S in CHRISTO

41

4

R R5 R4 R4 R4

449 450 451 451A 451B

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SECOND HAMMERED ISSUES SHILLING - XII

BRI HIB

Reverse 1a

BR HIB 290 291 292 293

6 7 8 9

BRI HI

BR HI Spink 3314 R2 1011 R5 1012 R2 1013 R2 1014

BRI FR ET HIB BRI FR ET HI BR FR ET HIB BR FR ET HI

42

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SECOND HAMMERED ISSUES SIXPENCE – VI

BRI HIB

294 295

6 7

Reverse 1a Spink 3315 R5 1508 R5 1509

BRI FR ET HIB BRI FR ET HI

HALFGROAT - II (TWOPENCE)

B FR ET H

296

10

Obverse B

Reverse 1a

MAG B FR ET H REX

43

(x1.5)

Spink 3316 R5 2164

CHARLES II, 1660-85

THIRD HAMMERED ISSUES Type C With mark of value and inner circles

HALFCROWN – XXX

mm. between stops

BR FR

V over R

CAROLV

A over R

BRIT FRA

Reverse 2

BRI FRA Spink 3321

ESC 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306

Leg.

Varieties, remarks, etc

R

(Old ESC)

2 5 5E 6 8 8 8 8 8 12

MAG BRIT FRA MAG BRI FRA MAG BRI FRA MAG BRI FR : MAG BR FR : MAG BR FR : MAG BR FR : MAG BR FR : MAG BR FR : MA BR FR HI?

S S R R N N R3 R3 R5 R2

452

Error, CAROLV Obverse mintmark between stops A over R in CAROLVS V over A in CAROLVS Bust to lower edge of coin 44

453 454 455 456 ? ? ? 456B 456A

CHARLES II, 1660-85

THIRD HAMMERED ISSUES SHILLING - XII

BRIT FR 307 308

2 3

309 310 311 312 313 314 315

5 6 6 6E 7 8 9

BRI FRA

CARLVS

Rev. 2; with; mm. crown, usually a stop each side BRIT FRA ET HIB BRIT FR ET HIB and no stops at mintmark Large letters on reverse BRI FRA ET HIB Large XII BRI FR ET HIB BRI FR ET HIB Small XII BRI FR ET HIB Error, CARLVS BRI FR ET HI BR FR ET HIB BR FR ET HI

2 Spink 3322 R2 1015 R3 1016 R2

1019 1018 1019A

R3 R R R

1019B 1021A 1020 1021

SIXPENCE - VI

Reverse 2

Reverse 3 316 317

5 5

318 319 320

5 5 5

3 - large crown

Obverse 1 Reverse 2? 3- small crown BRI FRA ET HIB Spink 3323 1510 Obverse (1) no stops by mintmark S 1510C Obverse (1) no stops by mintmark S Large mintmark on reverse 1510A Obverse (2) mintmark with a stop left S 1510B Obverse (3) mintmark between stops S 6 1511 On thicker flan (B.M.) (Possibly a shilling blank) R 45

CHARLES II, 1660-85

THIRD HAMMERED ISSUES Type A SET OF FOUR COINS GROAT, THREEPENCE, HALFGROAT & PENNY (These were never issued in sets but collectors like to assemble them)

321

CAROLVS II D G M BR FR ET HI REX

N

2364

The following denominations are listed and numbered to highlight varieties

46

CHARLES II, 1660-85

THIRD HAMMERED ISSUES GROAT – IIII (FOURPENCE)

BR FR ET HIB

Reverse 1 Spink 3324

ESC 322 323 324

Varieties, comments etc.

D. G. MAG. BR. FR. ET. HIB. REX. All stops in reverse legend (5 strings) As before but no stop before CHRISTO and (5 strings) after REGNO As before but no stop before CAROLVS and (5 strings) after REX

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 144,12(i)

R

1839

p. 144,12(ii)

R

p. 144,12(iii)

R

THREEPENCE – III

M BR FR HI 325

Reverse 3

D. G. M. BR. FR. ET. HI. REX.

47

(4 strings)

p. 144,11

Spink 3325 1957 R

CHARLES II, 1660-85

THIRD HAMMERED ISSUES HALFGROAT – II (TWOPENCE)

Obverse C

Reverse 3 BRI FRA

BR FR Spink 3326

ESC 326 327 328 329 330 331

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

D: G: MAG: BRI: FRA: ET. HIB. REX As above, with stop before ·CAROLVS and after REX· D. G. MAG: BRI: FRA: ET. HIB. REX Reverse: CHRISTO – AVSPICE REGNO; D: G: MAG: BRI: FR: ET. HIB. REX No stops on reverse D: G: MAG: BR: FR: ET. HIB. REX King’s name miss-spelt CAROLLVS

R

(Old ESC)

p. 144,10(i) p. 144,10(ii) p. 144,10(iii)

p. 144,10(iv) p. 144,10(v) p. 144,10(vi)

PENNY - I

Obverse E

Reverse 2

M B F ET HIB 332 333 334 335 336 337 338

D G MAG: BR: FR: ET. HIB REX D. G. M. BR. FR. ET. HIB. REX D: G: M B F ET HIB REX D G M. B. F. ET. HIB REX D. G: M:B: F: ET. HIB: REX MAG BR FR RT HIB MAG B F ET HIB 48

p. 143,9(i) p. 143,9(ii) p. 143,9(iii) p. 143,9(iv) p. 144,9(v) p. 144,9(vi) p. 144,9(vii)

(x1.5)

Spink 3327 R2 2267

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS OBVERSES Four of the many different positions of ties by Alan Broad1

Both from top curl A, B & C – 1st bust – GRA• Stop above - Rose below

D – 1st bust var. (larger) II above - Rose below Both from between curls

Upper from top curl, lower from between curls J (E variety) GRATIA E, G, H & I - 1st bust var. (No rose) Stop after II • No stop after II Upper tie to R Both from lower curl Upper tie to O Type F - see below - JR & extra curl on neck

D – Twisted ties

K – 2nd bust Twisted ties

D1 – Crooked ties 49

L & N – 2nd bust variety Crooked ties

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS OBVERSES

E – Elephant

Type M – 2nd bust Elephant below. Ties D1

F – Short ties curve outwards

Type O – 3rd bust Short ties

G – Longer ties slant downwards

Type P – 4th bust Longer ties

Type F (as E, with) JR & extra curl on neck

Elephant & castle

Normal pellet frosting Mezotinto

50

Type Q – 4th bust Elephant & castle below

Striped frosting With rose below

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS REVERSES

Frosted Cs

Reverse 1

Line below crown

Reverse 2

No line below crown

No stops in legend

T over R

ET over FR

Garter star

R over B

B over R

Only stop before date 51

RE·X

T over G

A over G in FRA

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS

Type

8 over 5

8 over 7

70 over 69

3 over 2

3 over 2

5 over 3

7 over 6

8 over 6

8 over 7

9 over 8

80 over 79

2 over 1

A.

First bust, right, with a rose U below1, stop above head, position of ties to wreath varies, bust divides legend after CAROLVS Pellet frosting on the cloak, no regnal date on edge CAROLVS • II • DEI • GRA •

B.

As before, but edge dated in Arabic numerals DECVS · ET · TVTAMEN Ë«Ë· 1662 · Ë«Ë·

C.

As before, but striped frosting on the cloak; vertical at the front and diagonal on the shoulder

D.

First bust variety; slightly larger, rose below, numeral II above King’s head, upper tie from top curl, lower from between curls CAROLVS • II • DEI • GRA • DECVS · ET · TVTAMEN Ë (No regnal date)

(Old ESC - A)

Leg. (Old ESC - B)

Edge

Leg. Edge

52

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS Type

E.

First bust variety as ‘D’, but no rose below and bust divides new legend; CAROLVS • II • DEI • GRATIA (no stop) No regnal date on the edge, upper tie generally to R

F.

As ‘E’, but frosted cloak and an extra curl on neck, initials JR (John Roettier) to the rear of lower curls, no regnal date

G.

As ‘E’, but edge dated in Arabic numerals, with first reverse

H.

As ‘E’ – no date on edge, but with second reverse

I.

As ‘G’, but edge dated in Roman numerals, with second reverse

J.

Similar to ‘I’, but no stop after CAROLVS • II cloak frosted, straighter ties, upper to O edge dated in Roman numerals

K.

Second bust; smaller with larger drapery, the twin ties are twisted and the ends curve upwards, edge dated in Roman numerals

L.

Second bust variety; similar to ‘J’, but different hair curls, the ties are only crooked and the ends curve outwards

(Old ESC - G)

M.

Second bust variety with an Elephant below (Badge of the Africa Company, supplier of the bullion)

(Old ESC - H)

N.

As ‘K’, but the regnal date in Roman words (not numerals) DECIMO NONO etc

(Old ESC - I)

O.

Third bust; much larger and broader than second (20 mm from tie to tip of nose), different hair curls, shorter ties curve outwards.

(Old ESC - J)

P.

Fourth bust; older features, different hair style; three distinct long curls hang down over neck, twin crooked ties slant downwards

(Old ESC - K)

Q.

Fourth bust with an Elephant and castle below

Rev.

1.

Crowned cruciform shields, top and bottom quartered (England and France), Star of the Garter in the centre and a pair of interlinked Cs in the angles (Charles son of Charles) 16 62•MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

(Old ESC - C)

(Old ESC - E)

(Old ESC - F)

Edge

Leg.

53

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS Rev.

2.

Similar to reverse 1, but individual shields, clockwise; England, Scotland, France and Ireland. The number of harp strings varies, Given in brackets, and either with or without a stop after HIB Normal punctuation in reverse legend, unless stated; MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

A/1.

First bust, stop above, rose below, leg. GRA·, no date on edge Rev. 1 - top and bottom shields quartered Spink 3350

Date

ESC 339 340

1662 —

341 342 343

— — — B/1. Date

Varieties, comments etc

No stop after HIB (10 strings) Edge lettering closely spaced (7,8,9,10 strings) Note; with stop after HIB• Proof Struck en medaille ↑↑ (9 strings) Proof, plain edge (RRSC4) (7 strings) (L&S 4) RR = Roderick Richardson7; L&S = Linecar & Stone

As before, but edge dated in Arabic numerals Edge year

(Old ESC)

R

1

Varieties, comments etc

2

C C2

15

R5 S R5

15B

15A

16

Spink 3351 R

(Old ESC)

S

17

ESC 344

1662

1662

345

C/1. 1662

As before, but cloak with striped frosting Spink 3351 (7,10,12 strings) 17 S 1662

D/1.

First bust variety, rose below, but numeral II above King’s head Rev. 1 – As before. No date on edge Spink cf.3350 (Unique?) (9 strings) R7 16A

346

1662 E/1.

347 348 349

1662 — — F/1.

350

1662

(6,7,8,9,10 strings)

First bust variety, no rose below, bust divides new legend; CAROLVS • II • DEI • GRATIA (no stop) Rev. 1 – As before. No date on edge Spink 3353 (7,8,10,12 strings) S 19 5 19 Struck en medaille ↑↑ (8 strings) R 20 Cloak wreath and tie frosted (8 strings) S As before, but cloak frosted and an extra curl on neck shaped as initials JR (‘extra curl’) below curls. No regnal date on edge. Spink 3353 (11 strings) R5 20A 54

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS G/1. ESC 351

Date

First bust variety, as type E, but edge dated in Arabic numerals Rev. 1 – As before Spink 3352 Edge year

Varieties, comments etc (8 strings)

R

(Old ESC)

R2

18

1662

1662

H/2.

As type G, but with second reverse and no regnal date on edge Rev. 2 – Individual arms Spink 3354? (9 Strings) R6 22A

352

1663

353 354

I/2. 1663 —

355 356 357

— — —

358



As type G, but edge dated in Roman numerals Spink 3354 (8,9,10 strings) N 22 XV (15) R5 23 — Proof or pattern — (10,11 strings) Cloak & Cs frosted (RRSD5) — Proof (11 strings) (L&S 5) R6 24 — (RRGD5) 6 25 — Proof in gold (7 strings) (L&S 5A) R — R3 26 — Cloak only frosted — (7 strings) No stop after FRA 27 — Initials JR (extra curl) below curls R —

359





(7,9 strings)

J/2. 360 361

1663 — K/2.

362 363

1664 — L/2.

364 365 366 367

1665 — 1666 —



Initials JR (extra curl) below curls (9 strings) No stops on reverse

R3

27A

Similar to type I, but no stop after CAROLVS • II Rev. 2 – Without stops except Spink 3354 (9 strings) R2 26A XV (15) — Stop before date • 1663 (8 strings) R2 Cf.26 — Second bust; smaller, with ends of twisted ties curving upwards Rev. 2 - Edge dated in Roman numerals Spink 3355 (16) Struck on a small flan (6,7,8,9,10 str) N 28 XVI — Proof (7 strings) (L&S 10) R6 29 — Second bust variety; different curls, crooked ties curve outwards Rev. 2 - Edge dated in Roman numerals Spink 3355 6 30 (8 strings) R (16) Flaws in rev. field XVI 3 31 (17) Flaws in rev. field (8 strings) R XVII (6,7 Strings) S 32 (18) XVIII 6 32A — Extra stop in RE·X (6 strings) R — 55

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS M/2. ESC 368 369

370

Date

Second bust variety with Elephant below Rev. 2 - Edge dated in Roman numerals

Spink 3356

Varieties, comments etc

(18) —

(9 strings)

R

(Old ESC)

R R2

33

1666 —

XVIII —

L/2.

Second bust variety; different curls, crooked ties curve outwards Rev. 2 - Edge dated in Roman numerals Spink 3355 (6 strings) R7 34A (18) XVIII

1667 N/2.

Extra stop in RE·X

(6 strings)

34

Second bust variety, as before, but Rev. 2 - Edge date in Roman words Spink 3357 (5 strings) 35 S (19) D. NONO 35A — AN.˙REG.˙on edge (5,6 str) S — VICESIMO (20) ANNO·REGNI· (5,6 strings) N 36 — TVTAMEN·ET·DECVS R4 36A — Inverted half section (7or8? strings) of collar 3 — No stop after MAG (6 strings) — 2 37 — 8 over 7 (5,6,7,9 strings) R — 4 37A — 8 over 5 R — 3 Blundered edge (7,9 strings) 38 (21) R V. PRIMO 3 39 — 9 over 8 (7 strings) R — (9 strings) 40 V. SECVNDO (22) R 2 41 — — 70 over 69 (6,10 strings) R

371 372 373 374

1667 — 1668 —

375 376 377 378 379 380 381

— — — 1669 — 1670 —

382 383 384 385

N/2ns. Second bust variety as before, but Rev. 2 - No stop after HIB Spink 3357 (6,7,8,10,11 strings) N 42 1671 V. TERTIO (23) — T over R in ET (7,10 strings) R4 42A — — — ET over FR (7 strings) R6 42B — — — R over B in FRA (9 strings) — —

386 387 388 389

O/2ns. Third bust; larger and broader, different curls and shorter ties Rev. 2 - No stop after HIB Spink 3358 (6,7,8,9 strings) (23) N 43 1671 V. TERTIO — V. QVARTO (24) Note 4 (3-4 known) (7 strings) R5 44 45 — Note 5 (7,8,9? strings) N 1672 — R5 46 1673 V. QVARTO (24) 56

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS O/2. ESC 390 391 392 393 394

395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402

Date

1673 — — — 1674

Spink 3358

Varieties, comments etc

V. QVINTO — — — V. SEXTO

(25) — — — (26)

(6,7,8,9 strings)

B over R in BR (6,8 strings) I over O in VICESIMO(7sr) 3 over 2 (6,7 strings) (2-3 known)

(8 strings)

R

(Old ESC)

N R R R R6

47 47A 47B 48 49

O/2ns. Third bust as before, but Rev. 2 - No stop after HIB Spink 3358 (6 strings) R4 50 1675 V. SEPTIMO (27) R5 50A — 5 over 3 and — — T over G in ET? (6,7 strings) (6,7,8 strings) C 51 1676 V. OCTAVO (28) (5,6,7,8 strings) 52 (29) S 1677 V. NONO 2 53 — 7 over 6 (6,7,8 strings) R — — 53A — 7 over 6 and R — — A over G in FRA (7 strings) (7 strings) R2 55A 1678 TRICESIMO (30) 8 over 6 — 8 over 7 (7 strings) R2 55 — — O/2.

403 404

Third bust as before, but Rev. 2 – With stop after HIB•

1679 — P/2.

Third bust as before, but Rev. 2 – With normal stop after HIB• Spink 3358 (6,7,8,9,10 strings) C 56 (31) T. PRIMO — 9 over 8 (6 strings) R5 — Fourth bust; older features, three distinct long curls over neck Rev. 2 - Stop after HIB• edge date in Roman words Spink 3359 (7 strings) N 57 (31) T. PRIMO 57A — HIB˙ R·EX error R —

405 406

1679 —

407 408 409

O/2ns. Third bust as before, but Rev. 2 - No stop after HIB (31) 1679 T. PRIMO (32) 1680 T. SECVNDO — 80 over 79 — —

57

(6,7 strings) (7 strings) (6 strings)

Spink 3358 N 57 R2 58 59 R

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS O/2. Date

Third bust as before, but Rev. 2 – With normal stop after HIB •

Spink 3358

Varieties, comments etc

R

(Old ESC)

R2 R

58

ESC 410 411

1680 —

412 413 414

P/2ns. Fourth bust as before / Rev. 2 - No stop after HIB (7,8 strings) (32) 1680 T. SECVNDO — 80 over 79 (6,7 strings) — — (6,8,9 strings) (33) 1681 T. TERTIO

415

Q/2ns. Fourth bust with Elephant and castle below Rev. 2 - No stop after HIB Spink 3360 (6,8 strings) R4 63 (33) 1681 T. TERTIO

416 417 418 419 420 1

2 3 4 5

T. SECVNDO —

(32) —

80 over 79

(6 strings)

59

Spink 3359 60 S 2 61 R 64 S

P/2ns. Fourth bust as before Rev. 2 - No stop after HIB Larger edge letters Spink 3359 (5,6,7 strings) R4 65 (34) (See note 9) 1682 T. QVARTO — 2 over 1 (6,7,8 strings) N 65A — — (34) 2 over 1 and QVARTO R2 65B T. QVRRTO — over TERTIO (6,7 strings) (6,7 strings) (35) R2 66 1683 T. QVINTO (7,8 strings) 67 (36) R 1684 T. SEXTO Large numbers of dies were made, especially for 1662 with rose below bust, judging by the subtle differences in the alignment of the ties with legend. See the published result of an in depth die study (fully illustrated) by A. J. Broad (Seaby March 1981, pp. 60-65) and the article by Alan Bond (Seaby March 1989, pp. 41-44). Unfortunately most of these differences are not significant enough to warrant inclusion as major varieties. Although this is a very common coin, no crowns of Charles II are common in first class condition. (P.A.R) See illustrations of 3 variations (MB) Many rare high grade specimens have frosting on; lettering, face, wreath, cloak, Cs, shield edges and have a sharper design indicative of proofs or having been struck from proof dies. The reverse is the same for the pattern die for ESC 71 (see flaw by letter X). Some suggest this should be classified as a pattern not proof, but since these are so rare it is purely academic. On this variety, a section of the collar has been used inverted in error with cross pattée edge stops (11-20 known) An example is in the B.M. (ex Clark Thornhill collection) and is rather interesting as it has the wrong edge for this year. The other edge if there were two, should be VICESIMO SECVNDO In the years 1664, 1671 and 1672 the dies are not all made from the same working-punches so there are two or three slight varieties of busts.

58

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS PATTERNS

JR shape curls Type R

No stop after date, with flaw

Type S

No stop after 2 Frosted Cs & shield edges

Type T

59

With stop after date, no flaw

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS Date

ESC 421

1662

422



423



424

1662

425 426 427

— — —

428

1663

Varieties, comments etc

R

By Roettier, dated 1662 Type R - Obv. Similar to type C, but laureate bust and lettering frosted, JR shaped lower curls (initials), long thin loose curl on neck, thick ties to letter R Rev. 1 - As current coin, but interlinked Cs, shield edges and lettering all frosted, crown with interiors; see triangles above shields No stop after date, and characteristic flaw (RRSB2)7 (11 strings) above X, Edge. Plain Type Ra - (undated edge) (RRSB3)7 DECVS · ET · TVTAMEN Ë«Ë Type Rb - No frosting (RRSB3A)7 (8 strings) DECVS · ET · TVTAMEN 1662 Type S - Obv. Similar, but undraped bust with a pointed truncation. No initials or loose curl, thin ties to letters AR wt. 29.82g Rev. 1 - As before (without flaw) DECVS · ET · TVTAMEN Ë«Ë (RRSA1)7 (10 strings) (undated edge) Type Sa - Edge, plain (RRSA2)7 Type S - In gold (4 known) (RRGA1)7 wt. 51.67g Type Sa - In gold. Edge, plain (9 strings) (3 known) (RRGA2)7 wt. 58.01g - 58.77g

By Roettier, dated 1663 Type T - Obv. 1st laureate bust, right, draped Cloak frosted Leg. CAROLVS · II · DEI · GRATIA Rev. 1 - As current coin, but the interlinked Cs are frosted Edge. Plain. Struck in pewter

60

6

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

3

21

R7 R7

18A

R6

2

68

R6 R5 R5

2A

70

R6

1A

69

1

71

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS Simon’s ‘Petition Crown’

Type U

Simon’s petition on the edge

(Upper line) THOMAS SIMON · MOST · HVMBLY · PRAYS · YOUR · MAJESTY TO · COMPARE · THIS · HIS · TRYALL · PIECE · WITH · THE · DVTCH · AND · IF · MORE (Lower line) TRVLY · DRAWN & · EMBOSS’D · MORE · GRACE : FVLLY · ORDER’D · AND · MORE · ACCVRATELY · ENGRAVEN · TO · RELIEVE · HIM · Two interlinked Cs between palm branch and a branch of laurel, with a crown above, separate the end of the lines from the beginning Spink 3354A Date

ESC 429

1663

430



Varieties, comments etc

R 4

‘Petition Crown’ by Thomas Simon R (circa 15 known) Type U - As illustration* wt. 33.09g-34.73g (12 strings) In silver In pewter with a plain edge (unique) R7 *Beware of electrotype copies unless stated as such 61

L&S

(Old ESC)

6

72

8

72A

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS Date

ESC 431

1663

432



433

1663

434



Varieties, comments etc

R

‘Reddite crown’ by Thomas Simon Type V - As before, but edge reading in Latin; REDDITE · QVÆ · CÆSARIS · CÆSARI · & CT · POST followed by the sun appearing out of a cloud. “Render to Caesar the things which are Caesar’s” CT · POST = POST NUBILA PHOEBUS“after the storm the sun shines” an allusion to the Restoration of Charles II after the dark days (9 known) wt. 32.88g of the Commonwealth In pewter (3 known) wt. 21.49g ‘Render to Caesar’ by Thomas Simon Type W - As before Edge reading in English; RENDER · TO · CAESAR · THE · THINGS · WHICH · ARE · CAESARS &c ·Ë In Silver In Pewter with a plain edge

5

L&S

R

73

R6

7A

74

R6

R6

Spink 3354B 7B

74A

7C

74B

La Riviere 26 Silver cliché

435

Silver cliché

L&S 9

436

Lead obverse uniface undated

L&S 9A

62

(Old ESC)

7

CHARLES II, 1660-1685

CROWNS

La Riviere 27 Lead cliché

Uniface lead squeeze. Very thick flan 10

437

L&S 9B

See Bibliography for more information of Simon’s patterns 6

There are a number of unique (?) uniface trial strikings of the Petition crown in various metals; La Riviere Collection “Patterns of Charles II” Spink Auction 166, lots 23, 26 & 27 Die study number by Roderick Richardson published in his circular Summer 1998. J. ROETTIER PATTERNS & PROOFS OF CHARLES II CROWNS - NOTES - BY RODERICK RICHARDSON “Considered by some to be a proof (with triangles above shields), but it is definitely struck from regular dies” Mark Rasmussen - See Barr 69, good VF-EF 1682 variety “the V in CAROLVS, an inverted A” is not so. When the V and A are compared in high magnification the angle of the crossbars differ, therefore a die flaw. (M.B.) See Linecar & Stone pages 12-13 for an interesting story and the detective work regarding the origin of this example

7 8 9 10

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

The following sub-varieties are not significant enough to warrant inclusion as major varieties (See Lingford collection for many examples);The variable number of strings on the Irish harp. Missing stops, e.g. HIB is found both with and without a stop after. Edge legends, where they are inverted in relation to the obverse or not. Edge legend errors caused by collar slippage.. Flaws in striking, e.g. ESC 54 ‘Boar’s head’ (7 strings)Æ removed from listing Die axis variations.

2 examples of the so-called ‘Boar’s head’ flaw My thanks to Malcolm Lewendon for most of the illustrations of over dates and letters (M.B.)

63

CHARLES, II, 1660-85

HALFCROWNS OBVERSES

Type D 1st bust

Type E 2nd bust

Type F 3rd bust

Type G Elephant below 3rd bust

Type H 3rd bust variety

Type I 4th bust

Type J Plume below 4th bust

Type D No stops

Type D V over S in CAROLVS

64

CHARLES, II, 1660-85

HALFCROWNS

Error GRATTA

Type I Error GRATTA

Elephant & castle Below 4th bust

Type L E & C below 4th bust

Plume in centre

Error MRG for MAG

B over R

A over R

1666 over 4 over 3?

F over H?

7 over 4

8 over 4

9 over 4

1 over 0

4 over 3

82 over 79

65

CHARLES, II, 1660-85

HALFCROWNS Edge errors DECNS DNCVS

No stop after BR

PRICESIMO

Retrograde 1

R of BR over F

4 over 3

F over M

Re-entered S

R over B (die flaw?)

V over S

For types A-C See Charles II hammered coinage Types Leg.

D.

First bust, laureate and draped, right, as illustration CAROLVS • II • DEI • GRATIA Top laurel leaf protrudes above the others Top tie; straight and pointing downwards to letter O Standard crowned cruciform shields, as crown, with individual arms, clockwise; England, Scotland, France and Ireland. Star of the Garter in the centre and interlinked Cs in the angles (Charles son of Charles) (With stops in legend unless stated) DECVS · ET · TVTAMEN followed by the regnal year

E.

Similar, but second bust; broader, used only in 1664 Three leading laurel leaves, tips almost in line Top tie, wavy and pointing downwards to between R O

F.

Similar, but third bust; smaller than ‘D’ & ‘E’. Tips of the laurel leaves shorter, inside line of legend. Both ties wavy, sticking straight out, top one points to between letters R O

Rev.

Edge

66

CHARLES, II, 1660-85

HALFCROWNS Types

G.

Elephant below third bust, similar to ‘F’, but subtle differences; twin laurel leaves protruding above hairline, a pellet between tips

H.

Similar to ‘F’ & ‘G’ but third bust variety; tips of laurel leaves similar to ‘G’ but without the pellet, top one points to letter O

I.

Fourth bust; much larger with more hair over forehead. Three prominent laurel leaves above. Ties curve downwards and point to letter R

J.

Similar to ‘I’ but with a Plume below bust and the ties point between letters A R

K.

As J with a plume on both sides

L.

As I with an elephant and castle below bust Normal punctuation in reverse legend, unless stated; MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

Type D.

First bust – Regal year in Roman numerals Varieties, remarks, etc.

Spink 3361 R

(Old ESC)

N N R2

457

R2 R6 R

457B

ESC 438 439 440 441 442 443 444

Date

Edge year

1663 — — — — — —

XV (15) — — — — — —

445

E. 1664

Second bust – regal year as before XVI (16)

(6 strings)

Spink 3362 R2 460

446

F. 1666

Third bust – regal year as before XVIII (17) Last 6 over 4

(7 strings)

Spink 3363 R5 461

447

G. 1666

Third bust, Elephant below, regal year as before Spink 3364 3 462 (6,7 strings) R XVIII (18) Last 6 over 4

(6,8 strings) (7 strings)

V over S in CAROLVS (7 strings) R over B in CAROLVS (flaw?) (6 strs) A over T? in GRATIA (6 strings) Proof No stops obv. (6,8 strings)

67

457 457A

458 459

CHARLES, II, 1660-85

HALFCROWNS Type H.

Third bust – regal year in Roman words

Spink 3365 R

(Old ESC)

(5 strings)

R6

463

(7,10 strings) (7,8 strings)

R2 R5 R5 R3 N R?

464

R3

467A

R3

467B?

ESC 448

Date

Edge year

Varieties, remarks, etc.

1667

449 450 451 452 453 454

1668 1669 — — 1670 —

DECIMO NONO (19) VICESIMO (20) V. PRIMO (21) — — V. SECVNDO (22) —

455





456





457 458 459

H1. 1671 — 1672

Third bust variety – regal year as before Spink 3366 V. TERTIO (23) No stop after HIB(7-10strings) N 468 469 1 over 0 No stop after HIB8s R — 471 V. QVARTO (24) No stop after HIB (6 strings) R

460

I. 1672

Fourth bust, plain below – regal year as before Spink 3367 (7 strings) R3 472 V. QVARTO (24)

J.

7 over 4 in date Edge AN REG 8 over 4 in date

Error R over I in PRIMO 8s 9 over 4 in date (8,9 strings) No stop after HIB (7,8,9 strs) Error E over R in ET No stop after HIB (8 strings) Error MRG for MAG No stop after HIB (8 strings) LV over SV in CAROLVS No stop after HIB (8 strings)

465 465A 466 467

461

1673

Fourth bust Plume below Regal year as before, no stop (?) after HIB V. QVARTO (24)

462

K. 1673

Fourth bust, Plume both sides, regal year as before Spink 3369 (4 known) (7 strings) R6 475 V. QVINTO (25)

I.

Fourth bust, plain below – regal year as before No stop after HIB Spink 3367 (5,6,8 strings) N 473 V. QVINTO (25) A over R in FRA (6 strings) R5 473A — F over M in FRA (6 strings) R3 473B — 3 473C B over R in BR (5 strings) R —

463 464 465 466

1673 — — —

Spink 3368 R5 466

(continued)

68

CHARLES, II, 1660-85

HALFCROWNS ESC 466 467 469 470 471 472 473

Date

1674 — 1675 — 1676 — 1676

Edge year

V. SEXTO — V. SEPTIMO — V. OCTAVO — V. OCTAVO

Varieties, remarks, etc.

(26)

(28) (28)

Retrograde 1 (5,6,7,8 strings) S over low S in CAROLVS (6 strings) (8 strings)

R?

478C

N N

479

R4 R4 C R3

480

(27) Retrograde 1

475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484

1677 — — 1678 — 1679 — — — —

V. NONO (29) — — TRICESIMO (30) — T. PRIMO (31) — — — —

485 486 487 488

— — — —

— — — —

489 490

1680 1681

T. SECVNDO (32) —

L. 492 1

1681

(6,7 strings) (6 strings)

Retrograde 1 F over H in FRA and R over T in BR



T. TERTIO

476

(6,7 strings) (4,5,6,7 strings)

4 over 3





2

R R4 R R2 S N R?

474

491

(Old ESC)

R (6,7 strings)

(6,8 strings)

No stops after BR HIB(6 str) F over H in FRA (6 strings) (5,6 strings)

No stops after BR HIB (5 st) (6,7 strings)

GRATTA (6,7 strings) No stops after FRA HIB(6s) Error P over I in PRIMO Edge error REGЯI (6,7strings) 2nd R inverted Edge error DECNS (6,7 strgs) Edge error DNCVS (5 strings) Edge error PRICESIMO (6,7s) Edge error Inverted As in DEC S T TAMEN1 (6,7s) (7 strings) 2

Reversed D in SECVN O

(5,7 strings) (5,7 strings)

(33)

476A 477 477A 478 478A 478B

479

480A 481 481A 481?

3

R R6

480B

R R6 R3 R3

483

R3 R3

485

R

486

482

483A 484 484A

485A

Fourth bust, Elephant & Castle below Regal year as before, no stop after HIB Spink 3370 (6,7,8 strings) R4 488 T. TERTIO (33)

Uncertain if a die flaw rather than the use of an inverted ‘A’. The Adams collection contained two specimens (lots 351 & 352) so this variety is retained.

69

CHARLES, II, 1660-85

HALFCROWNS Type I. ESC 493 494 495

496

Date

2

Edge year

Spink 3367

Varieties, remarks, etc.

T. QVARTO (34) — —

J.

Fourth bust Plume below Regal year as before, no stop after HIB (Possibly unique) T. QVINTO (35)

1683

1683 — 1684

2 over 1 82 over 79

Fourth bust, plain below Regal year as before, no stop after HIB T. QVARTO (34) E over D in DEI — T. SEXTO (36) 4 over 3

(Old ESC)

R

(6,7,8 strings)

1682 — —

I. 497 498 499

Fourth bust, plain below Regal year as before, no stop after HIB

(6 strings) (7 strings)

2

R R4 R4

489 489A 489B

(5 strings)

Spink 3368 R7 491

(5,6,8 strings)

Spink 3367 490 S

(5 strings) (6 strings)

R4

492

Notes The Adam collection contained two specimens (lots 355 & 356) Adams 301; “inverted A in CAROLVS” is probably a flaw (Spink) Adams 326; “1675/4” not convincing so are disregarded. The numbers of strings on the Irish harp varies, but do not warrant inclusion as major varieties (Refer to Colin Adam’s Collection of halfcrowns. Spink Auction 177, 2005/12/01for numerous examples). A few coins in the Adams collection are recorded with various letters being over-struck, but many are not convincing enough to warrant inclusion as major varieties and are disregarded, e.g. Lot 262, ‘1663, R of CAROLVS die flawed giving impression of an overstrike’; Lot 290, ‘1663, first A of GRATIA over T or inverted A’; Lot 291, ‘1663, V of CAROLVS with an interior bar’; Lot 298, ‘1666, over 4 over 3’; Lot 314, ‘1672, G of GRATIA over indeterminate letter’; Lot 320, ‘1673, no R in REGNI on edge’; Lot 326, ‘1675, 5 possibly over 4’ and Lot 330, 1676, no R in REGNI on edge, where a segment of the collar has slipped.

70

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS BUSTS (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h)

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h)

D - 1st bust: 1663, distinguishing features are: the top two leaves of the wreath seem to be thinner the gap between the hair ties seems smaller the forelock of hair over the forehead could be two locks of hair curl upwards a circular lock of hair most obvious difference there is a clear S-shaped curl missing lock of hair two curls at the bottom of the wreath the forelock of hair over the forehead seems to be shorter but this could be the effect of die filling E - 1st bust variety: 1663 & 1668-9 the top two leaves of the wreath are wider there is a marked gap between the hair ties ending in a straight upright section the two curls below the hair ties curl to the side rather than upwards this curl does not form a circle there is no S-shaped curl an extra lock of hair a single lock of hair curling downwards at the bottom of the wreath the forelock is longer

M - the guinea head: 1666 only the absence of drapery is a sufficient distinguishing feature

71

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS G - 2nd bust: 1666-73 & 1676-83 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

there is a single prominent leaf to the top of the wreath the lines of the hair are different to those on the 1st bust there is an extra curl of hair the top hair tie is straighter the bottom hair tie shows a well developed kink with a clear vertical line the lips seem to be more closed the hair over the forehead is different I - 2nd bust variety A: 1674-5

(a) (b) (c) d

(d)

the top leaf to the wreath is different the upper hair tie is straight and appears to have a void possibly due to die filling of a section in low relief the lower hair tie is straight and points downwards and the upper part could have part missing due to design or possible die filling totally different void under lower tie – lack of hair here

J - 2nd bust variety B: 1681 only Similar to 2nd bust and variety ‘A’ but, the ties and outline are different; see hair over forehead and back of neck, and shape of lower truncation a b

the upper hair tie has parallel sides lower tie shows a loop

72

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS K - 3rd bust (large): 1674-5 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

two clearly defined top leaves to the wreath very narrow gap between the hair ties large gap under the lower hair tie complete curl more pronounced dip under the lower lip nostrils more pronounced clear gap between wreath and hair over forehead

L - 4th bust (large): 1683-4 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

different leaves at the top of the wreath clearer hair lines in an upwards direction thicker upper hair tie stubby lower hair tie different hair curl straight upper eye lid

The above images and descriptions courtesy of Roderick Farey and Nigel Prevost TIES

D - 1st bust (both tie-ends up)

E - 1st bust variety (c.f. curls)

73

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS

G 2nd bust (top tie straight lower up)

I 2nd bust variety A (lower tie down)

K - 3rd (larger) bust (ties close & 3 curls)

D 1st bust 2 top leaves

J 2nd bust variety B (looped lower tie)

L - 4th bust (both ties curve up)

E 1st bust variety Different hair curls

74

F as type E with 1st elephant below

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS

G - 2nd bust Single top leaf

H - 2nd bust Plume below

I - 2nd bust variety A (lower tie down)

J - 2nd bust var. B Elephant & castle

K - 3rd (larger) bust (ties close & 3 curls)

L - 4th bust (Both ties curve up)

75

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS

1 Star in centre

M - Guinea die (no drapery)

2 Plume in centre

A over G

3. Scot & Irish shields transposed

E over R

No stop after HIB

Stop after II moved to before DEI

Error GARTIA

76

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS

Type

4 over 3

5 over 3

5 over 4

6 over 5

8 over 7

9 over 6

1/0

2 over 1

D.

First bust, laureate and draped, right, two top leaves in wreath, two wavy ties with both ends curving upwards CAROLVS • II • • DEI • GRATIA (2nd stop before • DEI)

E.

First bust variety; very similar in size and general style, but has a varied arrangement of the hair, which is particularly noticeable below the tie at the back of the head, with extra stop before • DEI

F.

As type E, but with an Elephant below bust, no stop before DEI

G.

Second bust, similar to first, but with a single top leaf in wreath, slightly different ties; top one almost straight and bottom wavy with upturned end, and no stop before DEI

H.

As type G, but with a Plume below bust

I.

Second bust variety A; similar to ‘G’, but lower tie straight and angled downwards 45º, and no stop before DEI

J.

Second bust variety B, similar to type G, but a narrower upper tie and loop to lower tie, with Elephant & castle (howdah) below

K.

Third bust, much larger, with three distinct ringlets hanging almost straight down, two top leaves in wreath close to outer beading, the two ties are shorter and closer together with round ends, and no stop before DEI

Leg.

77

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS Type

Rev.

L.

Fourth bust, large, similar to third, but not such fine work, the laurel leaves are larger and more prominent especially the top two, three distinct ringlets are more angled backwards and extend below the drapery, twin ties curve upwards, no stop before DEI

M.

“Guinea bust” 1; undraped bust, right, ten laurel leaves in the Wreath, three distinct tie ends, a lovelock over his left shoulder and more hair down over his brow, an Elephant below a deeply indented truncation, with an extra stop before · DEI

1.

Standard crowned cruciform shields, as crown. Star of the Garter in centre and interlinked Cs in the angles

2.

As before, but with a plume in the centre In 1669 the upright edge milling was changed to oblique

D/1.

First bust; with two top leaves in wreath, stop before • DEI Rev. 1 - with star of the Garter in centre Spink 3371 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

Note

ESC 500 501 502 503 504 505

Date

1663 — — — — — E/1.

506

1663

1666 G/1.

508

(6,7 strings)

Struck en medaille ↑↑ Proof in copper, plain edge Error, reads GARTIA Scottish and Irish shields transposed A of FRA struck over G

(6 strings) (5 strings) (8 strings)

R

(Old ESC)

C C R6 R4 R3 R5

1022 1022 1022A 1023 1024 1024A

First bust variety; varied arrangement of hair, stop before • DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3372 (7 strings) C 1025

Note; 1666, 1st bust variety is listed as old ESC 1025A – but it remains unseen so de-listed

F/1. 507

Varieties, remarks etc

1666

First bust variety, Elephant below, but no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3373 (5 strings) R2 1026 No stop after HIB Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3375 R6 1028 78

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS Type

M/1.

ESC 509

Date

1668 G/1.

511 512 513 514

Varieties, remarks etc

R

R4

1666 E/1.

510

“Guinea head” 1, Elephant below, with a stop before • DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3374

1668 — — —

(Old ESC)

1027

First bust variety; varied arrangement of hair, stop before • DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3372 R4 1029 Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3375 1030 (4,6,7 strings) C Stop after II • Stop after II re-positioned before • DEI (6 strings) 8 of date over 7 (or more likely 3) (6 strings) R2 1030A Large 66 & smaller 8 in date R? Note; new oblique milling from now onward

E/1. 515

1669 G/1.

516 517 518 519

1669 1670 1671 — H/2.

520

1671 G/1.

521 522 523 524

1672 1673 — —

First bust variety; varied arrangement of hair, stop before • DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before, Spink 3372 9 over 6 R6 1031 Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3375 R7 1032 (8 strings) R2 1033 No stop after HIB (8 strings) R3 1034 No stop after MAG R3 1034A Second bust, plume below, no stop before DEI Rev. 2 - Plume in centre (not Garter star) Spink 3376 (5 strings) R2 1035 No stop after HIB Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3375 (5 strings) R 1036 2 1037 R 3 1037A 3 over 2 R 3 1037B No stop after HIB and E over R in ET (5? strings) R 79

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS Type

H/2.

ESC 525 526

Date

1673 1674 I/1.

527

1674 I/2.

528

1674 K/1.

529 530 531

1674 1675 — H/2.

532

1675 — — G/1.

536 537 538 539

Varieties, remarks etc (6 strings)

No stop after HIB

(6,7 strings)

1676 — — —

Spink 3376 R

(Old ESC)

R3 R2

1038 1040

Second bust variety A, single top leaf, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3375 2 1039A (6 strings) R 4 over 3 No stop after HIB Second bust variety A, single top leaf, no stop before DEI Rev. 2 - Plume in centre (not Garter star) Spink 3377 Probably a mule of H/I No stop after HIB (6 strings) R4 1041 Third bust larger, three distinct ringlets hanging down, two top leaves in wreath close to outer beading, ties are shorter and closer together, no stop before DEI / Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3380 R6 1042 No stop after HIB (5 strings) R6 1043 5 over 3 No stop after HIB (5 strings) R3 1043A Second bust, plume below, no stop before DEI Rev. 2 - Plume in centre (not Garter star)

1675 I/1.

533 534 535

Second bust, plume below, no stop before DEI Rev. 2 - Plume in centre (not Garter star)

Spink 3376 R3 1046

Second bust variety A, single top leaf, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3375 (5 strings) R4 1044 5 over 4 No stop after HIB (5 strings) R6 1045 5 over 3 (5 strings) R4 1045A Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - Leg. punc. as before Spink 3375 1047 (6 strings) S No stop after HIB 1047 With stop after HIB Clashed dies (6 strings) S 6 over 4 R5 1048A 1048 6 over 5 No stop after HIB R

80

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS Type

H/2.

ESC 540

Date

541

No stop after HIB

H/1.

Second bust, plume below, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Probably a mule of I/H

1677

1677 1678 — 1679 — H/1.

547

1679 H/2.

548 549 550

1679 1680 — G/1.

551 552 553

1680 — 1681

554

— J/1.

555

Varieties, remarks etc

1676

G/1. 542 543 544 545 546

Second bust, plume below, no stop before DEI Rev. 2 - Plume in centre (not Garter star)

1681

(5 strings)

Spink 3376 R

(Old ESC)

R2

1049

Spink 3378 R4 1051

Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3375 1050 (6 strings) R No stop after HIB No stop after HIB (5 strings) R2 1052 8 over 7 (Not traced) R6 1053 1054 No stop after HIB (5,6 strings) S 9 over 7 R2 1055 Second bust, plume below, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before (6 strings) No stop after HIB A mule of I/H ?

Spink 3378 R3 1057

Second bust, plume below, no stop before DEI Rev. 2 - Plume in centre (not Garter star) Spink 3376 (7? strings) R3 1056 No stop after HIB R5 1059 80 over 79 (Not traced) R6 1060 Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3375 R6 1058 80 over 79 (Unique?) R7 1058 A over A & L over I in CAROLVS (all with errors) R3 1061 No stop after HIB (4? strings) 1 over 0 R5 1061A Second bust variety B, Elephant and Castle below, No stop before DEI / Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3379 R5 1062 2nd 1 of date over 0 81

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS Type ESC 556 557

558 559

G/1. Date

Second bust, with a single top leaf in wreath, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3375 Varieties, remarks etc

R

(Old ESC)

R4 R6

1063

1682 1683

2 over 1

L/1.

Fourth bust, large, not quite such fine work, laurel leaves larger and more prominent especially the top two, three distinct ringlets are more angled backwards and extend below the drapery, the twin ties curve upwards, no stop before DEI Rev. 1 - as before Spink 3381 (5 strings) R2 1065 No stop after HIB 1066 No stop after HIB (5 strings) S

1683 1684 1

(5 strings)

1064

It has been suggested that the normal dies were lost in the Great Fire of London and the guinea die had to be used

Patterns2

Type N 560

1663

N Obv. Leg. Rev.1

Leg. Edge 561



Type O By Peter Blondeau As currency type E CAROLVS · II · · DEI · GRATIA A rose, thistle, lis and harp, each crowned and arranged cruciformly. Four interlinked Cs at the centre. Legend interrupted at intervals by crowns. The date 1663 is divided by the crown at top centre 16 63 ·MAG· BR·FRA· ET· HIB· REX· (Peck 486) Straight grained In copper (Peck 487) 82

R6

1067

R6

1067A

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SHILLINGS 562

1663

O Rev.2 Leg.

563 564

— —

Mule

Similar, but reverse has the date 1663 wholly between two crowns, and reads HI instead of HIB MAG·BR· FRA·ET· HI·REX· 1663 (Peck 488) In copper In copper-nickel Plain edge Plain edge Rev. 1 with Rev. 2 (Peck 489)

R4

1067B

R6 R6

1067A

Mule of two reverses R

Q 565

2

1676

P/Q Mule

As type N & O , but dated 1676 Two reverses, thought to determine the best placing for the date. Plain edge Struck in pewter. (6 known) (Peck 490)

R5

It’s uncertain whether these are patterns for shillings or farthings

83

CHARLES II, 1660-85

SIXPENCES

6 over 5

5 over 4 Type Leg. Rev.

D.

Edge Leg.

8 over 7

2 over 1

One type only; laureate and draped bust, right CAROLVS · II · DEI · GRATIA Standard crowned cruciform shields, as the crown Star of the Garter in the centre and interlinked C’s in the angles (Charles son of Charles) Milled Punctuation – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB REX• Spink 3382

ESC 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581

Date

1674 1675 — 1676 — 1677 — 1678 1679 — 1680 1681 1682 — 1683 1684

Varieties, comments etc. (4 strings) (3 strings)

5 over 4

(3 strings)

6 over 5 (3 strings)

G over O or D? of MAG 8 over 7 G over O or D? of MAG

(3 strings)

9 over 7 (3 strings)

2 over 1

(3 strings) (3 strings) (4 strings)

R

(Old ESC)

N N R R5 R N R? R R R5 R2 N R2 R2 N S

1512 1513 1514 1515 1515A 1516 1516A 1517 1518 1518A 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524

“Sixpences of Charles II, James II and William and Mary are not uncommon in average condition. In EF or better grades they are much rarer than indicated here.” (P.A. Rayner)

84

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY The story of Maundy Money is very complicated and its origin goes back many centuries. For a full history refer to ‘Silver Pennies & Linen Towels’ (Robinson) the story of the Royal Maundy by Brian Robinson, Spink, London 1992. Variously called ‘Daily Arms’, ‘Royal Gate Alms’ or ‘The King’s Dole’ until in the late Stuart periods this donation, to the needy, took place annually on or around Maundy Thursday, and thus became known as ‘Maundy Money’ In the past these small coins were erroneously and collectively known as ‘Maundy Money’. For centuries the penny had been the popular denomination struck for circulation, and although the Groat, Threepence and Halfgroat had been introduced by previous monarchs, only the Penny and Halfgroat were used in the early Maundy Ceremonies. The regular annual ceremony is thought to have begun in the reign of William & Mary. In the opinion of P.A. Rayner (old ESC, p. 201-2) it was not until the reign of George III that sets of true Maundy Money (4d, 3d, 2d & 1d) were struck specifically for the Ceremony, until then they are treated as separate denominations.

Type C With value but no inner circle and undated Bust inside legend & mm. both sides

TWOPENCE

Leg.

C. 17

CAROLVS · II : D : G : M : B : F : ET · H : REX· Spink 3317

ESC 582 583

Leg

17

Varieties, comments etc.

No stop before CAROLVS (4 harp strings) Reads M., F. and HI and value II.

85

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 143,6 (i)

R

2167A

p. 143,6 (ii)

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY PENNY

AVSPCE Leg. ESC 584 585

C. 17 Leg

17 17

CAROLVS · II : D : G : M : B : F : ET · H : REX· Robinson Robinson

Varieties, comments etc.

Reverse legend correct (5 harp strings) Reverse legend error: AVSPCE, minus I

p. 143,5 (i) p. 143,5 (ii)

Spink 3319

(Old ESC)

R 2

R R4

2271 2271A

Type D As before with value but no inner circle and undated Bust to lower edge of coin & mm. rev. only Usual single arched crown

TWOPENCE

D.

CAROLVS.II.D.G ·M.B ·F.& ·H. REX. p. 143,8

586

Spink 3318 2168 S

PENNY

D. Leg. 587

17 17

CAROLVS · II : D : G : M : B : F : & · H : REX· (4 harp strings)

86

p. 143,7

Spink 3320 2272 S

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY Type F As before, but rather better struck and undated Smaller second bust with double-arched crown

TWOPENCE

F. ESC 588

Spink 3387 Varieties, comments etc.

CAROLVS.II. D. G. M. B. F. &. H. REX (7 harp strings) No stop after REGNO

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 144,14

C

2169

PENNY

Type 589

F. CAROLVS.II D. G. M. B. F &. H. REX (6 harp strings) No stop after REGNO

p. 144,13

Spink 3389 C 2273

Type B SET OF FOUR COINS First milled issue ‘Undated Maundy’ With value but no inner circles & mm. on reverse only GROAT, THREEPENCE, HALFGROAT & PENNY (These were never issued in sets but collectors like to assemble them) 87

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY

As second hammered issue but machine made; Inferior workmanship to milled issues and no obverse mintmark Bust left, as before to edge of coin. King with long hair falling over his shoulders. Crown with double-arches Starts at 7 o’clock CAROLVS II D G M B F & H REX As before; square-topped shield over long cross within inner circle CHRISTO • AVSPICE • REGNO •

Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg. Type B. 590 B. ESC 591 592 See F (588) See F (589)

Set of four coins

Spink 3391 N 2365

Groat or fourpence

Spink 3383

Varieties, comments etc.

CAROLVS.II D G. M B F & H REX (6 harp strings) No stop after REGNO B. Threepence CAROLVS.II. D. G. M. B. F. &. H. REX (4,5,6 harp strings) No stop after REGNO B. Halfgroat or two-pence. As type F CAROLVS.II. D. G. M. B. F. &. H. REX (7 harp strings) No stop after REGNO B. Penny. As type F CAROLVS.II D. G. M. B. F &. H. REX (6 harp strings) No stop after REGNO 88

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 144,16 (i, ii, iii)

N

1840

p. 144,15 (i, ii, iii)

Spink 3385 N 1958

p. 144,14

Spink 3387 C 2169

p. 144,13

Spink 3389 C 2273

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY Type C ‘Dated milled Maundy’ Second milled issue with value but no inner circles GROAT, THREEPENCE, HALFGROAT & PENNY SETS OF THE FOUR DENOMINATIONS (Usually assembled by collectors and so numerated)

(R.B. 46) Type Leg. Rev.

C.

Leg Type ESC

593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600

New bust; laureate and draped facing, right, dividing legend CAROLVS • II • DEI • GRATIA Value indicated by the number of intertwined Cs crowned The groat (only) has a rose, thistle, lis and harp in the angles 16 70 • MAG • BR • FRA • ET • HIB • REX

C. Date

1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677

Comm.

2 over 12

R

(Old ESC)

R S R S S R2 S S

2366

Spink 3392

2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372

ESC

Date

601 602 603 604 605 606 607

1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684

Comm.

(Old ESC)

R 2

R R S R2 R S R

2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380

2373

The following denominations are listed and numbered to highlight varieties Maundy coins are generally too small to illustrate many varieties clearly 89

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY GROAT or FOURPENCE Rev.

Rose, thistle, lis and harp in the angles formed by the 4 interlinked Cs C. Spink 3384

ESC 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639

Date

1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 — — — 1675 — 1676 — — — — — 1677 1678 — — 1679 — — — 1680 1681 — — 1682 — — 1683

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson p.147,21 p.147,25 p.147,29(i)

2 over 1

p.147,33

4 of date over 4 on its side 7 over 6 4 over 6

(Not traced) p.147,37(i)

5 over 4 7 over 6 Second 6 over 5 Large lettering and figures Reads CAROLVS:I.I A partly over R in CAROLVS

p.147,45(i) p.147,45(ii) p.147,45(iii) p.147,49(i) p.147,49(ii)

(Not traced)

8 over 7 8 over 6

p.147,53(i)

Fine lettering Heavy lettering No stop after CAROLVS or DEI

p.148,57(i)

p.147,53(ii)

p.148,57(ii) p.148,57(iii) p.148,61

B of HIB over R 1 over 0

p.148,65(i)

2 over 1 2 over 1. No stop after CAROLVS

p.148,69(i) p.148,69(ii) p.148,73

(Old ESC)

R 2

R R S S S R5 R R R4 R3 S S S S S S N N S R C2 C2 C2 C2 C C R3 S N S S C

1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1845A 1845B 1845C 1846 1846A 1847 1847A 1847B 1847C 1847D 1847E 1848 1849 1850 1850A 1851 1851A 1851B 1851C 1852 1853 1853A 1854 1855 1856 1856A 1857

(continued)

90

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY ESC 640 641

Leg

1684 —

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

3

R N

p.148,77(i)

4 over 3

(Old ESC)

R

(Not traced)

1858 1859

THREEPENCE

Normal 3d size flan

O over A 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659

C. 1670 1671 — — — 1672 1673 1674 — 1675 — 1676 — — — 1677 1678 —

Struck on a 4d flan

6 over 5

Rev. 3 interlinked Cs (plain in angles) p.147,20

Error, GRΛTIΛ (Vs for As) Error, GR TIA (inverted A) Error, GRATI (inverted 2ndA) 2 over 1

p.147,24(i) p.147,24(ii) p.147,24(iii) p.147,28(i) p.147,32 p.147,36

7 over 4 p.147,40

5 over 4 6 over 5 Reads ERA instead of FRA Struck on a fourpence flan

p.147,44(i) p.147,44(ii) p.147,48

Small letters on obverse Large letters on obverse

Spink 3386 1959 S N 1960 1961A R 1961 R 1961B R N 1962 N 1963 N 1964 N 1964A 1965 S 1965A S N 1966 N 1966A 1967 S R? 1967A 1968 S 1969

p.147,52(i)

1969A (continued)

91

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674

1679 — — 1680 — — 1681 — 1682 — 1683 — — 1684 —

C R R N

1970

O of CAROLVS over A Broken die

p.148,56(i)

Double cut 6 in date Very badly cracked die

p.148,60(i)

1972A

p.148,60(ii)

1972B

1 over 0

p.148,64(i)

2 over 1

p.148,68(i)

Large 3 in date Large flan of 4d diameter

p.148,72(i)

p.148,56(ii)

p.148,72(ii) (Not traced) p.148,76(i)

4 over 3

N R3 N R3 N N R R3 S

1971 1971A 1972

1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1977A 1977B 1978 1979

HALFGROATS or TWOPENCES 1679 both types at double magnification

Large size flan

Normal size flan

Rev. As before but with 2 interlinked Cs Type ESC 675 676 677 678 679 680

G. Date

1668 1670 1671 1672 — 1673

Spink 3388 Varieties, comments etc.

Probably a Pattern, en medaille ↑↑

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p.147,17

S N N N R4 S

2170

p.147,19 p.147,23 p.147,27(i)

2 over 1 With a clear cut date

p.147,27(ii) p.147,31

2171 2172 2173 2173 A 2174

(continued)

92

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY ESC 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705

Date

1674 — 1675 1676 1677 — 1678 — — 1679 — — — — 1680 — 1681 1682 — — 1683 — — 1684 —

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p.147,35

N N S N S S R3 N N C R R R R R3 N N R3 R2 R2 R3 R3 N S S

2175

7 over 4 p.147,39 p.147,43 p.147,47(i)

Reads CAROLVS II. (Not traced)

8 over 6 and CAROLVS II. 8 over 6 and CAROLVS. II.

p.147,51(i)

Blundered HIB Error HIB over FRA Blundered DEI On large flan

p.147,55(i)

p.147,51(ii)

p.147,55(ii) p.148,55(iii) (2 known) (Not traced)

p.148,55(iv) p.148,59(i)

80 over 79

p.148,63 (Not traced)

2 over 1 2 over 1 and error ERA for FRA

p.148,67(i) p.148,67(ii)

(Not traced) p.148,71(i)

3 over 1 3 over 2

p.148,71(ii) (Not traced)

No stop after CAROLVS or DEI

PENNY Rev.

Single crowned letter C

RATIA 93

p.148,75(i)

2175A 2176 2177 2178 2178A 2179 2180 2180A 2181 2181A 2181B 2181C 2181D 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 2189A 2189 2190 2190A

CHARLES II, 1660-85

MACHINE MADE MAUNDY Type ESC 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738

G. Date

1670 — 1671 1672 1673 1674 — — 1675 — — 1676 — 1677 — — 1678 — 1679 — 1680 — 1681 1682 — — — 1683 — — 1684 — —

Spink 3390 Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

With a blundered date 0 like 9

p.147,18(i) p.147,22 p.147,26(i)

2 over 1

p.147,30 (Not traced)

Error; inverted G in Error; inverted G in

RACIA RATIA

p.147,34(i) p.147,34(ii) p.147,38

Error ERA for FRA Error; inverted G in

RATIA RATIA

p.147,42(i)

Error; inverted G in RATIA Reads GRATIA.RE.X

p.147,46(i)

Error; inverted G in

p.147,46(ii)

(Not traced)

Error; inverted G in

RATIA

No stop after DEI or CAROLVS On a 2d size flan, thinner

1

(5-10 known)

p.147,50(i) p.147,54(i) p.148,58(i) p.148,62

2 over 1 Large lettering on obverse Error ERA for FRA

p.148,66(i)

No stop after CAROLVS 3 over 2

p.148,70(i)

4 over 3 No stop after CAROLVS

p.148,74(i)

94

p.148,66(ii) p.148,66(iii)

p.148,70(ii)

p.148,74(ii)

R

(Old ESC)

S S S S S R3 S S R2 R2 R3 R R3 S R R R R R R S R5 R3 R2 R2 R2 R2 S S R R R3 R3

2274 2274A 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2279A 2280 2280A 2280B 2281 2281A 2282 2283 2283A 2284 2285 2286 2286A 2287 2287A 2288 2289 2290 2289B 2289A 2291 2291 2291A 2292 2292A 2292A

JAMES II, 1685-88 CROWNS There is little to be said about this reign, as the coinage continued with but few changes. The dies were again engraved by Roettier and the only variety is two slightly differing busts on the crown and halfcrown. The only difference in the larger denominations is that the interlinked Cs for Carolus in the angles of the shields on the reverses are omitted. On smaller coins, 4d to 1d, the former ‘linked Cs’ design on Charles II is replaced by one to four Roman Is: this serves both as an indication of denomination, and also, by a useful coincidence, the initial letter of the King’s Latin name.

Type A

A Ties & curls

A No stops in legend

Type B

B Ties & curls

Standard reverse

Last 8 over 7 95

JAMES II, 1685-88 CROWNS Type Obv.

A.

First bust1 Laureate and draped, left Short lock of hair below ear curves towards the chin IACOBVS • II • DEI • GRATIA James second by the Grace of God

B.

Second bust2, similar but narrower than last, neater looking arrangement of the curls, short lock curls towards back of head

Leg.

Rev.

Crowned cruciform shields to outer beading, clockwise; England, Scotland, France and Ireland Star of the Garter in the centre and plain in the angles 16 86 •MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB REX• The pellet stops may be high or low and usually not after HIB DECVS ET TVTAMEN ANNO REGNI SECVNDO

Leg. Punc. Edge A. Date

First bust Edge year

Spink 3406 Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 740

1686

SECVNDO (2)

(5,6 strings)

741 742

A. 1686 —

First bust, without any stops in legend SECVNDO (2) Unbarred H in HIB —

(6,8 strings)

743 744 745 746 747

B. 1687 — — 1688 —

Second bust TERTIO (3) — — QVARTO (4) —

1

Notes This type is rarer than stated in first class condition

2

Second bust crowns are often found with the hair above the forehead not properly struck up

3

Unbarred ‘A’ occurring in the legends of some coins, particularly 1688 are almost certainly due to die-filling and are therefore ignored

(6,8 strings)

(5,6,7 strings)

Edge: E over R in ET (6 strings) Edge lettering smaller (7 strings) See note 3 (6,7,8 strings) Last 8 over 7 2 (7 strings)

96

2

R

76

Spink 3406 77 S R3 77A Spink 3407 C2 78 79 R 79A R C 80 N 81

JAMES II, 1685-88

HALFCROWNS

Obverse A

Standard reverse

Ties down

Obverse B

Ties up

Last 6 over 5

7 over 6

6 over 8

V over B die flaw

V over S

A over R

Type

A.

First bust, similar to the crown, but ties curve downwards

B.

Second bust, similar to the crown but with different hair arrangement, ties curve upwards

97

JAMES II, 1685-88

HALFCROWNS A. ESC 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755

First bust, with ties downwards Rev. 1 - No stop after HIB

Date

1685 1686 — — — 1687 — — B.

Edge year

PRIMO SECVNDO — TERTIO — — — —

Spink 3408

Varieties

(1) (2) — (3) — — — —

(6,7 strings) (6,7 strings)

6 over 5

(6,7 strings) (6,7 strings)

V over S in IACOBVS (6,7 strings) (6,7,8 strings)

7 of date over 6 6 of date over 8

(7 strings) (6 strings)

756 757

1687 —

Second bust, with ties upwards Rev. 1 - No stop after HIB (6-8 strings) (3) TERTIO st 1 A over R in GRATIA — —

758 759

— 1688

— QVARTO

— (4)

Proof

(6 strings) (Not traced) (6,7,8 strings)

R

(Old ESC)

N N R3 R R3

493

N R R4

498

98

495 496 496A

499 499A

Spink 3409 R2 500 R2 500A? R6 S

Note; ESC 498 V/B in IACOBVS is considered a die flaw and de-listed. The other specimens; V/S & A/R are retained although also possible die flaws ALL James half-crowns are scarce in first class condition and are prone to weak striking especially around the date and lower drapery

494

501 502

JAMES II, 1685-88

SHILLINGS One bust similar to crown with two reverses; A & B

Reverse A with Garter star

No stops

Standard obverse

Large Garter star rays in centre Heavy-looking shield devices

Reverse B with Plume in centre

Smaller Garter star rays in centre Finer looking shield devices

7 over 6

6 over 5

8 over 7

E over T & T over?

V over S

G over A

99

JAMES II, 1685-88

SHILLINGS A/1. ESC 760 761

Date

1685 — A/1.

762

1685 B/2.

763

1686 A/1.

765 766 767

1686 — — A/1.

768 769 770 771 772

1687 — — 1688 —

Spink 3410 REX•

Varieties (4,5,6 strings)

Larger Garter Star at centre of reverse

R

(Old ESC)

S R2

1068 1068A

Garter star in the centre of reverse Spink 3410 ET HIB REX Leg. punc. – MAG BR FRA R3 1069 Note; no stops on rev. (5 strings) and shield devices smaller Plume in the centre of reverse Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA•

Spink 3411 ET•HIB

REX•

(4 known)

1685 A/1.

764

Garter star in the centre of reverse Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB

Garter star in the centre of reverse Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB E over T in ET Garter star in the centre of reverse ET•HIB Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA•

R2

1070C

Spink 3410 REX•

(6,8 strings)

S R2 R2

1070 1070A 1070B

Spink 3410 REX•

(4 strings)

7 over 6 7 over 6 and G over A in MAG B over V in IACOBVS

1069A

Spink 3410 REX•

V over S in IACOBVS 6 over 5 Garter star in the centre of reverse Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB

R6

(4,6,7 strings)

R2 S R

1071

R R2

1073

1072 1072A

(7 strings)

Second 8 over 7

1074

Note The subtle variations in the Garter Star and devices on the shields are ignored to avoid complications First class examples are scarcer than the rarity indicated

100

JAMES II, 1685-88

SIXPENCES

Reverse A

Early

Early shields

Type

ESC 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780

SHIELDS

Late

late over early

Reverse B

Late shields

7 over 6 6 over 6 8 over 6 B over R A. Similar to crown, rev. with early shields; indented tops B.

Similar, but rev. with late shields; pointed tops,

A.

Early shields / Rev. No stop after HIB

Date

Varieties

1686 — 1687 — B. 1687 — — 1688

Spink 3412 (4,5 strings)

st

1 6 over lower 6 & 8 over 6?

(4 strings) (5?strings)

7 over 6 Late shields / Rev. No stop after HIB (4 strings)

Late shields, altered from early 7 over 6 Late shields, altered from early B over R in BR

(Not traced)

R

(Old ESC)

S R R R

1525 1525A 1526 1526A

Spink 3413 1526B S 2 1526C R 1527 R 2 1528 R

(4 strings) “Sixpences of Charles II, James II and William and Mary are not uncommon in average condition In EF or better grades they are much rarer than indicated” (P.A. Rayner)

101

JAMES II, 1685-88

MAUNDY MAUNDY SETS

Crown divides date

Type Obv. Leg. Rev.

A.

Date

7 over 6

8 over 7

Only the one type Laureate bust, left, dividing the legend IACOBVS · II · DEI · GRATIA Crowned value in Roman numerals. It is thought the numeral I is the initial letter for IACOBVS Usually divided by crown above the value, except on the threepence where it is normally above the crown

A. ESC 781 782 783

Date

1686 1687 1688

Date above crown

Spink 3418 Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

2381

4d always 7 over 6

N N S

102

2382 2383

JAMES II, 1685-88

MAUNDY GROAT – IIII A. ESC 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791

Date

1686 — 1687 1688 — — — —

Spink 3414 Varieties, comments etc.

Date above crown 7 over 6 (on all coins)

Robinson (Not traced)

p. 150,83(i) p. 150,87(i)

With a threepence obverse die No stop after FRA 1 over 8 8 over 7

p. 150,91(ii) p. 150,91(i)

R

(Old ESC)

S R N S R5 R3 R3 S

1860 1861 1862 1863 1863A 1863B 1863C 1864

THREEPENCE – III A. ESC 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802

Date

1685 — — 1686 — — 1687 — — 1688 —

Spink 3415 Varieties, comments etc.

On flan for the groat 1 Reversing sideways

Robinson (5-10 known)

p. 150,79(i) p. 150,79(ii)

(Die flaw on some specimens)

p. 150,82(ii)

IACoBVS with a small o Mule with groat obverse

p. 150,82(i)

7 over 6 7 over 6 on a 2.4 cm diameter flan

p. 150,86(i)

8 over 7

p. 150,90 (i)

103

p. 150,86(ii)

R

(Old ESC)

S R5 R S

1980 1980A 1980B 1981 1981A

R4 S S S S S

1981B 1982 1983 1983A 1984 1985

JAMES II, 1685-88

MAUNDY TWOPENCE or HALFGROAT – II A. Date

ESC 803 804 805

1686 — —

806 807 808 809

1687 — — 1688

Spink 3416 Varieties, comments etc.

IACoBVS with a small o IΛCoBVS with a small o and inverted V for A Last 7 over 8 ERA for FRA Last 8 over 7

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

N

2191

p. 150,81(i) p. 150,81(ii)

p. 150,85(i) p. 150,89(i)

2191A

R

2192

N R2 R2 S

2193 2193A 2193B 2195

PENNY – I A. ESC 810 811 812 813 814 815 816

Date

1685 1686 — 1687 — — 1688

Spink 3417 Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 150,78

S N R3 S R2 R2 S

2293

p. 150,80

E over I in REX p. 150,84(i)

7 over 8 7 over 6 Last 8 over 7

p. 150,84(ii) p. 150,88(i)

(See B. Robinson; Story of Maundy Money, p. 150) “Groats are not scarce in fair or fine condition” (P.A. Rayner) “Threepences are only scarce in very fine condition or better” (P.A. Rayner) See Charles II for introduction to Maundy money, notes 1 & 2

104

2294 2294A 2295 2295A 2295B 2297

WILLIAM & MARY 1688-94 Many engravers had a hand in the production of the various coinges for this interesting reign and it is a matter of no little difficulty to attribute certain coins to any particular artist, as some records, especially those appertaining to dies, are no longer in existance. In 1688-9 John Roettier, still Chief engraver, became ill with some kind of muscular disease which affected him in both hands, thus causing him to delegate most of his work to his two sons, James and Norbert, who were appointed engravers about this time. Henry Harris, who had served at the Mint in a junior capacity during the reign of Charles II, was appointed as one of the chief engravers in August 1689, but his work seems to have been concerned chiefly with medals and seals, the Roettier brothers having carried out most of the engraving of coin dies under their father’s direction. Norbert Roettier was reported to have stated that he engraved the Coronation Medal (which is usually attributed to John Roettier) ‘with his assistance’, and indeed this may be so, as the elder Roettier was disabled at that time. Belonging to this year also were the first and second issue halfcrowns and the fact that their high relief busts are so very like those on the Coronation Medal leads one to suppose that these also were the work of Norbert Roettier. The reverse design of the first and second issue halfcrowns of 1689-90 was a crowned square-topped shield. The third issue halfcrowns with the other silver were more likely to have been the work of James Roettier who always appears to have preferred working in lower relief than his brother. The reverse design of these coins consisted of four crowned shields in the form of a cross with the monogram WM interlinked in each angle. The sixpence however seems to have some similarity to the early halfcrown punches, but exact attribution is not possible. The reverse of the small silver, from the fourpenc down to the penny, now shows a crowned modern numeral, a design which continues unchanged on the Maundy coins until the present day. (P.A. Rayner, 1949)

105

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

CROWNS

As are inverted Vs stop after GRATIA

No stop after GRATIA

Lion with billets

1691

I over E

1692 Obv. Leg.

2 over inverted 2

1692 over inverted 2

Edge

Conjoined busts, right, laureate and draped (Only the one bust) GVLIELMVS • ET • MARIA • DEI • GRATIA William and Mary by the Grace of God Crowned cruciform shields quartering the legend, with rampant lion of Nassau in the centre, W/M monogram in the angles MAG•BR FR•ET•HI• REX•ET• REGINA• King and Queen of Great Britain France and Ireland Separate numeral below each monogram arranged in two lines left to right around the central Lion of Nassau, surrounded by varying numbers of billets (lozenges) Regnal year in Roman words

Leg. & edge

As before

Rev. Leg. Date

Note; number of harp strings and billets abbreviated to (s-b) 106

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

CROWNS No stop after BR Date

Edge year

ESC 820 821

1691 —

TERTIO (3) —

822 823 824

1692 — —

QVARTO (4) — QVINTO (5)

825





Spink 3433 (strings-billets)

R

(Old ESC)

(8s-10b; 8s-8b; 6s-13b)

N N

82

N R3 S

83

R

85A

Varieties, comments etc

Re-entered G (8 billets) I over E in GVLIELMVS 1 (8s-9b)

2 over inverted 2 (10s-9b, 6s-9b; 9s-9b) 2 over inverted 2 and a (9s-9b) stop after GRATIA· 2 over inverted 2 and G over R in REGNI 3

Note; 1692 QVINTO without the 2 over inverted 2 believed not to exist (Not traced) 1 2

Similar error on William III half-crown, dated 1696 This error is unlikely to be the result of collar slippage so allocated its own number

3

Uncertain if this error is on all 1692 QVINTO.

107

82B

84 85

WILLIAM & MARY, 1685-94

HALFCROWNS OBVERSES

First bust

No stops in legend

Second bust

REVERSES

First

Second

First shield

Third

Second shield

108

WILLIAM & MARY, 1685-94

HALFCROWNS

Caul Band Interior

VARIETIES OF THE CROWN ABOVE SHIELD (Often indistinct due to weak striking or wear) Leather cap inside the crown, visible below arches Lower part of the crown with or without pearls Oval area showing inside the band

Frosted Caul & interior With pearls

No pearls

Frosted Caul Plain interior With pearls

No pearls

Plain Caul Plain interior With pearls

No pearls

(Size of the 3 lions varies from large to small but ignored to avoid complications) THREE VARIATIONS OF 1689 Frosted caul, plain interior, with pearls

Regular caul

Defined top of caul 109

No stop after date

WILLIAM & MARY, 1685-94

HALFCROWNS

2nd L over M

1st V over A or Λ

2nd V over S

GRETIA

FR over A

FRA

No stop after date

Normal stop after date

Stop after GRATIA˙

No stop after BR

No stop after ET

Stop after HI before REX

In two lines L-R

2nd L over lower L Date in two lines with 1692 exception

Date clockwise

Inverted 3

3 over inverted 3

3 correct

110

WILLIAM & MARY, 1685-94

HALFCROWNS Type Obv.

A/1.

First bust with first shield Conjoined draped busts right; William’s laureate bust over Mary’s, V-shape ties at the back of hair GVLIELMVS • ET · MARIA • DEI • GRATIA William and Mary by the Grace of God Crowned square-topped shield with quarterly arms clockwise; England, Scotland, France and Ireland The rampant Lion of Nassau superimposed in the centre, surrounded by varying numbers of billets (lozenges) 16 89•MAG•BR•FR•ET•HIB•REX•ET•REGINA• King and Queen of Great Britain France and Ireland DECVS·ET·TVTAMEN·ANNO·REGNI·PRIMO

A/2.

First bust with second shield As before Crowned square-topped shield with arms of England & France quartered in 1st & 4th, Scotland in 2nd and Ireland in 3rd quarters Lion of Nassau superimposed in the centre, surrounded by varying numbers of billets (lozenges) As before As before with regnal years; PRIMO, SECVNDO & TERTIO

B/3.

Second bust with third shield Similar conjoined busts right as before but finer style and portraits in lower relief Third reverse similar to the crown; crowned cruciform shields quartering the legend, with the rampant lion of Nassau in centre W/M monogram in the angles. Arms clockwise; England, Scotland, France and Ireland Date 16 91 in two lines, surrounding the shield of Nassau, the Lion surrounded by varying numbers of billets (lozenges) As before

Leg. Rev.

Leg. Edge Type Obv. Rev.

Leg. Edge Type Obv. Rev.

Leg. & edge

Note; number of harp strings and billets abbreviated to (s,b)

111

WILLIAM & MARY, 1685-94

HALFCROWNS A/1. ESC 826

First busts, with first shields

Spink 3434

Date

Edge year

Varieties, comments etc

1689

Caul & interior frosted, with pearls

827



PRIMO (1st) —

828





829





830 831 832

— — —

— — —

833





834 835 836

— — —

— — —

837

A/2. 1689

838 839

— —

840





841





842





843 844 845 846

— — — —

— — — —

(strings-billets)

R

(Old ESC)

C2

503

R

503A

R

503B

R2

507B

S C2 S

504

R

505B

N N R

506

(9s-7b;9s-6b;8s-?b;7s-7b; 7s-6b)

Caul & interior frosted, with pearls 2nd L over M in GVLIELMVS (7&8s-6b) Caul & interior frosted, with pearls(7s-8b) 1st V over A or Λ in GVLIELMVS Caul & interior frosted, with pearls Reads FRA (8s-6b;7s-6b) Caul & interior frosted (no pearls)9s-7b) Caul only frosted, with pearls(6s.7b;7s.6b Caul only frosted, with pearls Inverted N in REGINA Caul only frosted, with pearls (7s-8b) 1st V over A or Λ in GVLIELMVS Caul only frosted (no pearls)(9s-6b;6s-5b) No frosting, with pearls (7s-6b;8s-6b) No frosting, with pearls (7s-3b) No stops on obverse

505 505A

507 507A

First busts, with second shields Spink 3435 N 508 PRIMO Caul & interior frosted, with pearls st (6s-8b) (1 ) Caul & interior frosted, no pearls (7s-8b) N 509 — Caul only frosted, with pearls N 510 — (6-8b;7s7b;8s-7b;8s-8b)

Caul only frosted, with pearls Inverted N in REGINA Caul only frosted, with pearls (8s-?b) No stop after date Caul only frosted, with pearls Well defined top to the caul (6s-?b) with stop after date Caul only frosted, no pearls (7s-8b) Interior only frosted, no pearls (Not traced) No frosting, with pearls(8s-8b;7s-7b;6s-8b) No frosting, no pearls (7s-8b) 112

R2

510A

R R N N

510B 510A 511

512 (continued)

WILLIAM & MARY, 1685-94

HALFCROWNS 847

A/2. 1690

848



849



850 851

B/3. 1691 1691

852



853

1692

854



855



856

1693

857 858

— —

859



860



861



862



First busts, with second shields Spink 3435 513 R SECVNDO No frosting, no pearls nd nd 2 L/L in GVLIELMVS (2 ) No stop after date (5s-8b) Caul & interior frosted, with pearls R3 514 — Error; GRETIA No stop after date (5s-8b) 2nd V/S in GVLIELMVS No frosting & no pearls R2 515 TERTIO rd nd 2 L/L in GVLIELMVS (6s-5b) (3 ) Second busts, with third shields Spink 3436 Date in two lines, edge normal (6s-8b) N 516 TERTIO Date in two lines. Edge error; R5 516A — (3) First part of edge inscription right way up as opposed to second half 516B — No stop after BR Note; full orbit in the crown (6s-12b) (6s-8b) N 517 QVARTO Date reads clockwise (4) R3 517A R/G in REGINA & H/R in HI — (5s-8b) Unbarred As in MARIA (6s-8b) R4 518 QVINTO (5) 3 of date upside down R2 520 — Reads clockwise 1636 (5s-11b) 3 over 3 upside down (5s-12b;5s-11b) N 521 — 521A 3 over 3 upside down, last A in R — MARIA overlaps Mary’s forehead hair, no stop after GRATIA 521B R 3 over 3 upside down and — 2 F over E in FR 3 of date correct (6s-14b) C 519A — With a stop after GRATIA˙ Stop after HI moved to before ˙REX 3 of date correct (5s-16b) C 519 — Stop after GRATIA˙ No stop between ET REX Error QINRTO letters FR over A R? 519A? QINRTO No stop after GRATIA (5s-16b) (5) 113

WILLIAM & MARY, 1685-94

HALFCROWNS

1

2

Notes One common error die sinkers made was the selection of a wrong letter punch, usually by missing out a letter or putting it in upside down. Usually the sinker quickly realised and immediately corrected it by simply over-striking with the correct letter or letters. Spelling errors often went un-noticed until production was well under way. Most easily seen overstrikes are recorded, but a few less obvious ones remain to be discovered. F/8 according to David Seaman Old ESC records a number of so-called inverted letters; F in place of E, but since this is not possible, and is almost certainly the result of filled dies, they are deleted. The following are also considered too insignificant to warrant separate ESC numbers; harp strings, billets surrounding the Lion of Nassau, variable sizes of lions, lis and stars or crosses in the edge The fleur de lis vary in size, e.g. 1691-2 large and 1693 smaller See Variations on a theme – ESC 510, an article by Malcolm Lewendon, published in S.N.C. Vol. CXVI, № 6, December 2008, p. 300. Quote; “The William & Mary series of halfcrowns is short in date lengthwise, but of great interest to variety collectors” (Unfortunately many of which are beyond the remit of this publication. (M.B.)

114

WILLIAM & MARY, 1689-94 SHILLINGS & SIXPENCES

SHILLINGS Only one type As the crown but with oblique milling on the edge

A No stop after GRATIA

B GRATIA with stop

Irregular size lettering

Normal 9

RE over ET A.

9 over 0?

Flawed F

No stop after GRATIA

ESC 863 864 865

Date

Edge

1692 — —

Milled — —

866 867

— 1693

— —

868

B. 1693

Spink 3437

Varieties, comments etc

R

(Old ESC)

Irregular size reverse lettering (7 strings) Inverted 1 in date No stop after BR, flawed F in FR and (6s-12b;7s-12b) RE over ET in REX AT over TI in GRATIA No stop after BR (5s-8b)

S R R

1075

R

1075C

With a stop after GRATIA• — No stop after REGINA 115

(6s-10b;6s-11b)

1075A 1075B

Spink 3437 R4 1076

WILLIAM & MARY, 1689-94 SHILLINGS & SIXPENCES

SIXPENCES As the shilling Only one type

Inverted 3

4/? Spink 3438 ESC 869 870 871

Date

Edge

1693 — 1694

Milled — —

Varieties, comments etc (3s-10b;4s-9b;4s-10b)

3 of date upside down (4 strings-10? billets)

R

(Old ESC)

N R3 R2

1529 1530 1531

Note The figures 9 & 6 in the date often look more like 0 “The average condition of shillings of this reign is poor and really first class examples are scarcer than the rarity indicated. Sixpences are not uncommon in average condition. In EF or better grades they are rarer than indicated here” (P.A. Rayner)

116

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY MAUNDY SETS Type A.

Large lettering, ET central above busts / Date above crown

Type B.

Medium size lettering, ET offset left above King’s head Date above crown

Type C.

Small lettering, wide space in legend above busts Date divided by crown

117

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY Spink 3446 (Old ESC) Date Type Varieties, comments etc R ESC 872 A R3 2384 1689 2385 873 B R 1691 2386 874 C R 1692 2 2387 875 B R 1693 2388 876 C R 1694 True sets are very much rarer than indicated, made up ones are usually obvious The following denominations are listed separately to highlight varieties 1

GROATS

A No tie to wreath Large lettering

Small crown

1 over 0

Stop before • G

6 over 5

GV below bust

B With ties to wreath Small lettering

Wide crown

2 over 1

Flaw over I in MARIA

3 over 2

No stop before & after G

118

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY GROATS Type Obv.

Leg. Rev. Leg.

A.

1

First busts; crude style usually without ties to the wreath Conjoined busts, right. King laureate (only) Legend continuous above heads in large lettering with variable stops and alignment with busts. No uniformity with denominations GVLIELMVS · ET · MARIA · D · G Date above small crown above numeral 4 within legend · MAG·BR·FR·ET·HIB·REX·ET·REGINA·

B.

First busts variety. Similar to ‘A’ but, medium lettering not continuous above heads; space between ET · MARIA ·

C.

Second busts; neater style, ties to the wreath and small lettering Taller conjoined busts, right. King laureate with two long ties Queen’s hair nearer to outer beading dividing legend GVLIELMVS · ET · MARIA · D · G · Date divided by a wider and flatter crown above numerals

Obv. Leg. Rev. A.

First busts, no ties, large lettering / Rev. 1

ESC 877

Date

1689

GV

878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885

— — — — — 1690 — —

G G G G

B. 886 887 888

1691 —1694

Below bust

Varieties, comments etc.

Threepence obv. die used in error. Stop after G • (only) Stop before • G (only) Stop before • G and after G• No stops before or after Gs with berries in wreath Error GVLEELMVS (I/E) No stop after date No stops after D and date 6 over 5, no stop after D·G

Robinson 1

p. 151,98(i) p. 151,98(ii)

Spink 3439 R

(Old ESC)

C

1865

C R R R R3 N N R

1866 1867 1867 1868 1868A 1869 1869 1869A

First busts variety, no ties, medium lettering Spink 3439 Reversed Z-type 1s in date p. 151,102(i) 1870 R Stop after G • G p. 151,102(ii) 1871 1 over 0 S p.152,114(i) 1878A Small lettering both sides R 119

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY GROATS C. ESC 889 890

Date

1692 —

891



892



893



894

— C.

895 896

Below bust

GV G

Varieties, comments etc.

Stop after G • Stop after G • 2 over 1 (The so-called stop in MAR•IA is a flaw) Small lettering on obverse & large lettering on reverse, with all stops Inverted V in MΛRIA Small lettering on obverse & reverse, Small lettering on obverse & reverse, no stop after date & 2 over 1 Large lettering on obverse & reverse, with all stops

1693 — 1694 — 1694

Robinson 1

p.152,106(iii)

Spink 3440 R

(Old ESC)

S R4

1872

S

1874

1873

p. 151,106(i) p. 152,106(ii)

p. 152,106(iv)

Second busts with ties, large lettering both sides Rev. 1 - Date above crown

Spink 3440

p.151,102(iii)

1691 1692 C.

897 898 899 900 901

Second busts with ties, small lettering both sides Rev. 1 - Date above crown

p.151,102(iii)

Second busts with ties in wreath Rev. 1. – Date above crown GV

3 over 2 stop after G •

p.152,110(i) p.152,114(ii)

Smaller lettering both sides Inverted V in MΛRIA

120

R

1875

Spink 3440 R2 1876 1877 R R2 1878 R2 1878A R2 1879

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY THREEPENCES

A No ties to wreath Large lettering GVL below bust

Date above crown Stop before Roman I

No stop before Arabic 1

LMV over MVS

GVL below bust Type

Crown divides date

A.

First busts; similar to groat crude style and virtually no tie Legend continuous above heads in large lettering Small crown above numeral 3 within legend

B.

Second bust; similar to groat finer style and with ties Legend divided by the taller heads in smaller lettering Larger crown above numeral 3 within legend, small lettering

Rev.

Rev.

Type B Large ties to wreath Small lettering G below bust

121

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY THREEPENCES A.

First busts, no ties, large lettering / Rev. 1

ESC 902

Date

Below bust

1689

GVL

903



GVL

904



GV

905



GVL

906



GV

907



GVL

898



GVL

909



GVL

910



GVL

911



GVL

912 913 914 915 916

— — — — —

G G G GV GVL

917



GVL

Varieties, comments etc.

Roman I in date Stop after G • Stops before and after Gs • and before but not after date Stops only after G • and before but not after date Stops only after G • and before but not after date Stops only after G • and only after date No stops before and after Gs but a stop before date No stops before and after Gs but a stop before date and with berries in hair No stops before and after Gs but stops before and after date without berries in hair No stops before and after Gs but stops only after date without berries in hair No stops before and after Gs but stops only after date with berries in hair Stop before G with berries in wreath Arabic 1 in date. Stop after G • Roman I in date Hyphen stops on reverse

Robinson

Spink 3441 R

(Old ESC)

1986 p. 151,95(i)

1986

p. 151,95(ii)

1986

p. 151,95(iii)

1986

p. 151,95(iv)

1986

p. 151,95(v)

1986

p. 151,95(vi)

1986

p. 151,95(vii)

1986

p. 151,95(viii)

1986

p. 151,95(ix)

1986

p. 151,95(x)

1986

p. 151,95(xii)

1986

p. 151,95(xiii)

1986

p. 151,95(xi)

1986 1986A 1987 (continued)

122

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY THREEPENCES A. ESC 918

Date

919 920 921 922 923 924

— — — — 1690 —

925



926

1691

1689

B. 927

1691 C.

928

1691

929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938

1691 1692 — — — — 1693 — —

First busts, no ties, large lettering / Rev. 1 Below bust

GVL

Varieties, comments etc.

Arabic I in date Hyphen stops on reverse LMV over MVS in GVLIELMVS No stop after date No stop before or after date No stops on reverse Hyphen stops on reverse No stop after D and date No stop after D With a stop after date No stop after GVLIELMVS With a stop after D· No stop after date 9 over 6 (No ties)

Robinson 1

Spink 3441 R

(Old ESC)

S

1987A

1988

p. 151,97(ii)

S S N N

p. 151,97(iv)

N

1989

p.151,101(iii)

N

1989

p. 151,94(v)

p. 151,94(i) p. 151,94(ii) p. 151,94(iii) p. 151,94(iv) p. 151,97(i)

1988 1989 1989

First busts variety, with ties, medium lettering Reversed Z-type 1s in date Spink 3441 p.151,101(iv) R3 1990 GVL • Stop over heads & after G Second bust, small lettering Rev. 1. – Date above crown Long space between REGINA and date Reads ETREGINA G GV Stop after G • GV Stop before G GV GVL Stop after G • G 3 over 2 G 3 over 2 GV GV 123

p. 151,101(i) p. 151,101(ii) p. 151,105(i) p. 151,105(ii) p.151,105(iv) p.151,105(iii) p.152,109(iii) p.152,109(i) p.152,109(ii) p.152,109(iv)

Spink 3442 1990A R R R R R R R3 R S R3 R3

1990A 1991 1992 1992 1992 1993 1994 1994A 1995

1995 (continued)

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY THREEPENCES C. ESC 939 940 941 942

Date

1694 — — —

Second bust, small lettering Rev. 1. – Date above crown Below bust

G G GV GVL

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson 1 p.152,113(i)

Reads MΛRIA

p.152,113(ii) p.152,113(iii) p.152,113(iv)

Spink 3442 R

(Old ESC)

S S S R2

1996 1997 1998 1999

TWOPENCES

• GV below bust

Type A No ties to wreath Large lettering

Date above crown

3 over 2

Type B No ties to wreath Small lettering GVL below bust Type

Rev.

Crown divides date

A.

First small busts; similar to groat crude style and no ties. Legend continuous above heads in large lettering

B.

Second larger busts, small legend broken by the heads Small crown above numeral 2 within legend 124

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY TWOPENCES A. ESC 943 944

Date

1689 —

Note 945 946

First busts, large lettering and Roman date / Rev. 1 Below bust

GV

Varieties, comments etc.

Legend continuous above heads No stop after D G or REGINA 1629 (date error)

Robinson 1

p. 151,93(i)

Spink 3443 R

(Old ESC)

C

2196

p. 151,93(ii)

2196A

From 1691 to 1694 lettering is smaller than 1689 B. 1691 —

First busts variety, no ties, medium lettering Spink 3443 C 2197 No stop after G GVL p. 151,100(i) No stop after date C 2197 GVL

C.

Second bust, small lettering Rev. 1. – Date above crown No stop after G small date GVL GV 3 over 2 in date GVL Stop after G· 3 over 2 in date GVL No stop after G

947 948 949

1692 1693 —

950



951 952 953

1694 — —

GVLI

954



GVLI

955



GVLI

956



GVLI

957



GVL

958



GVL

p. 151,104(i) p.152,108(iii) p. 152,108(i) p. 152,108(ii)

S

2200A

p.152,112(iii)

S R S

2201

p. 152,112(i)

p.152,112(ii)

S

2202

p.152,112(iv)

S

2203

p.152,112(v)

S

2203

p.152,112(vi)

S

2203

S

2204

(Not traced)

4 over 3 HIBREXET with stops after D.G. HIBREXET No stop after G of D·G HI.REX.ET (with stops) With stop after G of D·G HI.REX.ET (with stops) With stop after G of D·G Reads MΛRIΛ HI.REX.ET (with stops) With stop after G of D·G Reads MΛRIΛ

Spink 3443 N 2198 N 2199 2200A S

2201A 2202

(continued)

125

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY TWOPENCES C. ESC 959 960

Date

Second bust, small lettering Rev. 1. – Date above crown Below bust

1694 —

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson 1

HI.REX.ET (with stops) With stop after G of D·G Reads MARLA HI.REX.ET (with stops) With stop after G of D·G Reads MARIA

Spink 3443 R

(Old ESC)

p.152,112(vii)

S

2205

p.152,112(ix)

S

2205

PENNIES

GVL Unbroken leg.

A

· GV Large lettering

1

Date above difficult to read

C – stop above busts - GVLI

B – stop close to ET

No stops Broken leg.

2

Date split

HI

HIB 126

GVIELMVS

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY PENNIES Type

Rev.

A.

First busts; similar to Halfgroat; crude style and no ties Legend continuous over heads

B.

First busts variety; similar to ‘A’ but, legend broken by busts Stop after ET • close, behind king’s head

C.

Second busts; larger with legend broken by busts Stop after ET • central above head

1. 2.

Small crown above Roman I, date above, difficult to read Large crown dividing date above Roman I

A/1. ESC 961

Date

First busts / rev. 1. – Small crown, date above Below bust

1689

962 963 964 965

— — — —

966 967 968 969

— — — — B.

970 971

1691 —

972



973 974

— —

G G G GVL GV

Varieties, comments etc.

Reads ETREGINA6 (Figure 1 of date not visible) Stop after G • See note 1 Reads GVIELMΛS Reads GVIELMAS Stop after G • Reads GVIELMVS No stops before and after Gs Reads MΛRIA

Robinson 1

Spink 3444 R

(Old ESC)

R2 R5 R5 R5

2298

R3 R3

2299A

p. 151,92(i)

p. 151,92(ii) p. 151,92(iii) p. 151,92(iv)

2299 2299 2299

2299A

(Not traced)

Stop before • G and after G •

First busts variety, stop above heads, no ties, medium lettering Spink 3445 Note: all pennies of this date have 2nd 1 over 0 p. 151,99(i) C 2301 GVL Stop after G • p. 151,99(ii) C 2301 GVL Stop after G • and Stop before date only p. 151,99(ii) C 2301 GVL No stop after D and Stop before date only p. 151,99(iv) C 2301 GVL No stops before / after date p. 151,99(v) C 2301 GVL No stop after date

127

WILLIAM & MARY, 1688-94

MAUNDY MONEY PENNIES C/1. ESC 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986

Second busts / rev. 1. – Small crown, date above Date

1690 1692 — — 1693 — — C/2. 1694 — — — —

Below bust

GVL GVL

Varieties, comments etc.

No stop after D and date Stop after G • 2 over 1 2 over 1 no stop after G Stop after G • Stop after ET • (close to it) Stop after ET above head

Robinson 1 p. 151,96(i) p. 151,103(i) p. 151,103(ii) p. 151,107(i) p. 151,107(ii)

Spink 3445 R

(Old ESC)

R R2 R2 R2 S S S

2300 2302 2303 2303 2304 2304 2304

Second busts / rev. 2. – Large crown dividing date Spink 3445 p. 152,111(i) R2 2305 Stop above head p. 152,111(i) Stop after ET • R2 2305 p.152,111(iii) 2306 No stops on obverse R p.152,111(iv) 2306A Reads HI not usual HIB S 9 over 1 (Not traced) R3 2306B Reads HI not usual HIB

Note The varieties found during this reign are considerable 1

“At the time of editing this edition, Brian Robinson’s commendable detailed study of the varieties of Maundy money, published over two decades ago, was the only one available, and has been copied in detail. Additional varieties, recorded in various other sources, have been added, even though many details are often incomplete, with the inevitable result of duplication in many instances, for this I apologise.” (M.B.) This whole series of small money requires a detailed study by a dedicated numismatist with considerable patience, knowledge and time. My hope is this publication, with its short-falls, will encourage someone to undertake such a challenge.

128

WILLIAM III 1694-1702 On the death of Mary, from smallpox on 28th December 1694, no great change occured in the silver coinage although the designs of the four larger silver coins are more similar to those of James II. The crown, shilling and sixpence were struck in 1695 but not in very large quantities. Up to this date the old hammered money was still in existance as it had never been withdrawn from circulation. Owing to the rise in the value of silver, much of the full weight coinage had been exported to the Continent and the hammered currency that still circulated here was worn out and much clipped. Also there was a large number of counterfeit hammered coins mixed up with it. In 1695 the Government decided on a complete recoinage and laws were passed for the prohibition of all clipped coins, for the prevention of clipping and forgery and for the issue of a new coinage to replace the old and light money. The old coins were mostly accepted at their face value and not by the weight so that the Government sustained the loss and not the owner. The famous ‘Window tax’ was levied on dwelling houses to raise £1,200,000 to make good this deficiency and to pay for the new coinage. In order to hasten this large undertaking, branch mints were opened at Bristol, Chester, Exeter, Norwich and York, the coins being marked B, C, E, N, y (or Y) below the bust. These mints opperated for over two years with dies prepared mainly in London and dated 1696 and 1697. No crowns are known of these provincial mints. That there were millions of coins struck during this reign is obvious as today many of the pieces are still relatively common, especially the crowns and sixpences of the first first three years and the halfcrowns of 1698. The King’s bust was changed frequently during the reign and one of these needs a few words of comment. This is the one known as the ‘second bust’ on the higher denominations, and is readily distinguished by two large curls coming forward right across the chest. The sixpence of 1697 with this bust is only moderately rare, but all the other pieces are of exceptional rarity and must be patterns, but they have all been in circulation. Furthermore, there are two distinct varieties of this bust, one in lower relief of heavy style and the other with a rather narrower bust in higher relief, and with more hair more deeply engraved. At the time the first edition was written, the shilling of the second bust was still unknown, but was included in the table on the assumption that it might exist. A shilling with this bust in lower relief did eventually come to light c. 1949 and is now in a private collection. 129

WILLIAM III 1694-1702 Once again, symbols are used to denote the source of the silver in the case of some of the coins of the later dates. Most are rare. With regard to the engravers, Norbert Roettier, having been involved in some form of scandal, due possibly to his Jacobite sympathies, fled to France before the middle of the year 1695, thus leaving the entire responsibility for the engraving of coinage dies in the hands of his brother James; and it is to this artist that one can with some certainty attribute all the early coins of this reign; the first bust on the halfcrown, shilling and sixpence in particular. James Roettier also fell into disgrace as he was found guilty at a Mint enquiry in 1697 of having smuggled dies of coinage for James II and Charles II out of the Tower to France; he was therefore dismissed from his post. Harris, who was still Chief Engraver, although not active on coinage dies, was directed to ‘carry on the service’, which he did with the help of John Croker. This later, by far the most important of the engravers of the period, was a German who came to England in 1691 and was appointed an Engraver in 1697. After the death of Harris in 1705, Croker became Chief Engraver, and it was stated at that time that Harris was ‘only a seal cutter and employed by Mr Croker to do the business of the mint’. To Croker then must be attributed most of the dies made after those engraved by James Roettier were worn out. He was later assisted by one James Bull, appointed Assistant Engraver or Probation Engraver in Christmas 1698. Turning now to the coinage and design of the coin, by far the most important event during the reign was the great re-coinage. Manuscript records at the Mint show the opperating periods of the various provincial mints as follows: Exeter August 1696 to July 1698 York September 1696 to April 1698 Bristol September 1696 to September 1698 Norwich September 1696 to April 1698 Chester October 1696 to June 1698 It will thus be seen that even reckoning dates according to the old style, at any rate in the case of Bristol, Exeter and Chester, one would expect to see coins dated 1698. The fact that none exist lends colour to T.B. Graham’s theory that the late dies of 1697 were prepared so late in that year as to serve until the closing down of the mints in 1698. There seems to be little doubt, due to the uniformity of design on the obverses, that Roettier was responsible for the engraving of most of the dies that were used in the provincial mints. In Treasury Papers of May 21st 1697, appears a 130

WILLIAM III 1694-1702 petition by Roettier, after his dismissal, for payment in respect of ‘500 pairs of Dyes for Country Mints.....’ . Later we see that ‘Mr Neale (the then Master) intends to pay him, his demand of sixty pounds tenn (sic) shillings, and with your Lordship’s approbation, to give him fifty pounds more being the summ he desired for ye five hundred pair of Dyes for Country Mints’. An Assistant Engraver was appointed for each mint ‘to polish the Dyes in each country mint at a reasonable sallary to be allowed by ye K. (King) not exceeding forty (pounds) a year’. Turning once more to the engravers Roettier and Croker, and the attribution to one or the other of the first and third bust coins, let us consider two possibilities. Firstly, as Roettier asserted that his designs, and only his, had been used until July 1697, did he produce the third bust coins for provincial and Tower mints prior to his dismissal? If it could be proved that the third bust existed more frequently than only on rare coins (probably mules) dated 1696, then this could well be so, for as we have seen, he is known to have engraved five hundred pairs of dies for the provincial mints. However, it seems much more likely that Croker was responsible for the third bust silver coins as the shilling is almost identical with the second type guinea, usually ascribed to him. It is natural also that Croker would as nearly copy the general style of the Roettier coins as possible, particularily as the authorities desired uniformity of design for the provincial coinage. It is almost certain that due to the length of time the country mints operated, Roettier’s dies would have been exhausted before the mints ceased working. It seems quite likely that after the provincial mints closed down, Croker adopted a more individual style, typified by the fourth bust or ‘flaming hair’ shilling of 1698. The correct attribution of the ‘fine work’ gold and silver of 1700-1701 has presented a great problem. Let us first consider the existing contemporary records concerning this last period: In Mint MS. records appears an ‘account of all dyes for gold and silver defaced and left good in the hands of ye Engravers April 13th 1700’. This account is an order for certain dies in stock at the time to be destroyed in the presence of the Warden and states ‘eight heads, five ‘armes’, six ‘paires’ of Bull’s dies for the shilling should be defaced with exception of one reverse die which should be ‘left good’. The dies for gold are not ascribed. Another manuscript of January 7th 1701/2, gives ‘tryall dyes of Mr Bulls ..... armes left goode formerly 01’. This is most probably the reverse die referred to in 1700, and it is interesting to note that it was apparently only a trial die. 131

WILLIAM III 1694-1702 There is also a list of puncheons delivered into the Warden’s custody on 13 January 1702, which include puncheons for five-guineas, guineas, half-guineas, halfpence and farthing, all by Bull. As to whom the fine work coinage may be attributed, there are three possibilities. Firstly, Croker and Bull may have each produced a series of dies for all denominations as there was a great demand for gold due to very large imports from the Continent. Secondly, Bull’s dies may never have been used, and have all been defaced due to William’s death. Thirdly, we can attribute the whole issue to Bull alone. It is interesting to note that no two guineas is shown in the list of puncheons by Bull, and if this coinage were his work, he could not have completed this puncheon before the list was made (January 9th 1701/2). These puncheons cannot be for the gold issues of 1699 as they were not in stock in the earlier list of April 1700, where only the dies for a shilling were stated to be by Bull. Obviously therefore, Croker must have been responsible for the 1699 coinage. One can also see how nearly the bust on this gold resembles that on the fourth bust flaming hair shilling. Returning to the ‘fine work’ coinage of 1700-01, it seems far more likely that these dies were the work of Croker than of Bull. Bull, although he must have been a very competent artist, as is shown by the reverses of some of Croker’s medals of Queen Anne, had, at this time, been at the Mint only for about eighteen months, and it is not likely that such a large task as a completely new coinage would have been given to him; also the dies appearing in manuscript mint records are mentioned as being only trial dies. The style of the fine work coinage is also very typical of Croker’s medallic work. The obverse of the State of Britain medal, and that of the fifth bust shilling are very similar in style. It would appear much more likely that this last issue of gold, including a Two-Guineas dated 1701, and silver represents Croker’s later and more mature style with the ‘flaming hair’ shilling and the 1699 gold coinage forming a transition in style between the ‘Roettier copies’ and these later coins. With regard to the second bust coins referred to earlier, it is possible that these were patterns made by Croker to obtain the post of Engraver when Roettier was dismissed in February 1696/7. The workmanship of the coins is far better than that shown on the other unique crown of the hair across the breast, which is much flatter relief and not such fine style. This coin is similar to the scarce second bust sixpence which occurs dated 1697 and very rarely 1696. The portaiture on these coins differs so greatly from the style of Roettier or Croker that one wonders if it could not be the work of Harris when he was working alone after Roettier’s disgrace, or perhaps one of his junior 132

WILLIAM III 1694-1702 assistants. Finally, it is interesting to note that the portrait on the halfcrowns shows hardly any variation throughout the reign although new reverse designs or modifications are used from the beginning of 1698 onwards. It is quite likely that Roettier had made sufficient obverse dies for the whole reign before he quitted the Mint, as the reverse dies always tend to wear out more rapidly than do the obverses. (P.A.Rayner, 1949) Spink published a detailed study of this reign by E.R. Jackson Kent in the Numismatic Circular May 1961, pp. 108-20 Some notes and observations on the Silver Coinage of King William III, 1695-1701 (crowns, halfcrowns, shillings & sixpences)

OBVERSES

Curved breastplate

Type A - 1st bust

Type A (no stops) Type B – 2nd bust (See Patterns)

Straight breastplate

Type C – 3rd bust short ties

Type E – 3rd bust variety longer ties 133

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

CROWNS

Error GEI (not DEI) and G over O in GRΛ

G over D

Unbarred A in GRΛ

REVERSES

Cinquefoil

Last 6 over 5 1st rev. – harp 1 – shield 1

7 with straight leg

2nd rev. – harp 2 – shield 3 Harps

1 2 3 4

Shields 1 2 3

7 with curved leg

3rd rev. – harp 3 – shield 3

Harps & Shields Large female bust at front, higher than plain back Small female bust at front, level with scroll back Scrolls, large at front, smaller at back, both level Small female bust at front, higher than scroll back (pattern?) Same width as crown above, top middle pointed Wider than crown above, top middle pointed Wider than crown above, top middle indented 134

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

CROWNS

Harp 1 Shield 1 Type Obv.

Harp 3 Shield 3

Harp 4 Shield 3

First bust with first reverse - 1st harp - 1st shield Laureate and draped with curved breastplate or drapery, right, hair breaking legend. GVLIELMVS • III • DEI • GRA • William third by the Grace of God

1

Crowned cruciform shields to outer beading, clockwise; England, Scotland, France and Ireland Star of the Garter in the centre and plain in the angles 1st harp with large female bust, left end higher then right 16 95•MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• DECVS ET TVTAMEN ANNO REGNI SEPTIMO

B.

Second bust (See patterns4)

C.

Third bust with first reverse - 1st harp - 1st shield Similar to first bust, with a distinctive straight breastplate Third bust with second reverse - 2nd harp - 2nd shield

Leg. Edge

D.

ESC 990

Harp 2 Shield 3

A.

Leg. Rev.

Harp 2 Shield 2

E.

Third bust variety with third reverse - 3rd harp – 3rd shield Similar, but recut die; longer ties and hair varied a little

A/1.

First bust / Rev. 1 - 1st harp & 1st shield

Date

Edge year

1695

SEPTIMO

Varieties, comments etc

(7)

(strings-billets)

Cinquefoil stops on edge

Spink 3470 R

(Old ESC)

N

86

C R R

87

(6s-9b;7s-9b;8s-9b)

991 992 993

— — —

OCTAVO OCAVO OCTAO

(8) — —

+ stops on edge (6s-9b,8 strings) Sic. (Is this due to a slipped collar?) Sic. (Is this due to a slipped collar?)

87B 87C

(continued)

135

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

CROWNS Date

Edge year

Varieties, comments etc

ESC 994

1695

None

995 996

1696 —

OCTAVO —

(8) —

997 998

— —

— —

— —

Proof en medaille ↑↑ Unbarred A in GRA Plain edge

(strings-billets)

(L&S 1)

(8s-10b) (6s-9b;7s-9b;8s-11b)

No stops on obverse G over D in GRA Unbarred A in GRA Last 6 over 5

(Old ESC)

R 4

88

C R3

89

R2 R3

89C

R5

91

R4

91A

R4

92

R

89A

(6s?-9b) (7s-9b)

90

(6s-9b;6s-10b;7s-9b 8s-?b)

999







1000







1001 1002 1003

— — —

— OCCTAVO None

— —

1004 1005 1006 1007

C/1. 1696 — — —

Spink 3472 Third bust / Rev. 1 - 1st harp & 1st shield C 94 (8) (6s-9b;7s-9b) OCTAVO — No stops on obverse (6 strings) R3 — — No stops on reverse (7s-9b) R3 — TRICESIMO (30) Error edge of 1678 (Not traced) R6 94A

1008

C/4. 1696

Third bust / Rev. 4 – 4th harp - 3rd shield, plain edge 2 Spink 3472 R4 95 None Proof or pattern, (8s-9b) Struck en medaille ↑↑ (L&S 4)

1009

D/2. 1697

Third bust / Second reverse - 2nd harp & 2nd shield Spink 3473 (9) No stops after FRA HIB 8s.7b R3 96 NONO Flaw stop inside G of MAG

E/3. 1700

Spink 3474 Third bust variety /Rev. 3 – 3rd harp & 3rd shield (4s-7b;7s-7b;8s-7b;9s-7b) N 97 DVODECIMO (12) (13) D over in DECIMO R 98 D. TERTIO

1010 1011

Last 6 over 5 (8 strings) E over ? in DEI Error GEI for DEI and G over O in ORΛ (6s-?b;7s-9b) CT over TC in OCTAVO Sic. Last 6 over 5 (7 strings) Proof, plain edge 2 (8str) (L&S 2)

(9s-7b;8s-?b;6s-?b) Many edge errors are the result of slipped collars

136

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

CROWNS PATTERNS 3

ESC 1012

Date

1696

Varieties, comments etc

Obv. B1

(strings-billets)

Rev. 2 Edge

Laureate and draped bust, right, hair breaking legend, two locks of hair across the breast, not below truncation4 with 2nd harp & 2nd shield (7s-9b) (L&S 3) OCTAVO (8)

Obv. B2 (variety) Rev. 2 Edge

Similar, but, narrower bust in higher Relief, the hair more deeply engraved (7s-9b) with 2nd harp & 2nd shield (L&S 3) OCTAVO (8)

Spink 3471

(Old ESC)

R

R

7

93

Spink 3471 R7 93A

1013

1696

2

“The harp on these two proofs is a variety, not quite like the first or second.The shields are the same design as that shown containing the third harp. Perhaps we should class them as patterns rather than proofs” (P.A. Rayner) “These are the only two known examples with the second bust, both in the B.M. collection, from completely different obverse dies.------ Both these coins are patterns.” (P.A. Rayner) Type B; retained from old ESC classification

3 4

137

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS LONDON MINT As the crown but, with varieties of shields Proofs - Characteristically have distinctive beaded borders (London, being the parent mint, required no identification letter)

OBVERSES

Standard bust

Proof

Elephant & castle below

1 Small shields Small early harp

3 Large shields Large early harp

4 Large shields Large late harp

Rev. 2; medium shields, small late harp. See Bristol & Norwich mints

5i - Lion’s tail curves in

6 - Plumes in angles 138

5o - Lion’s tail curves out

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS

Scottish arms at date

Lion of Nassau inverted

No stops

Frames around central lion of Nassau

1 - Circular frame

2 - Curved frame

3i - Oval frame Tail inwards

3o - Oval frame Tail outwards

Shields & Irish harps 1

Small shields; same width as crowns, pointed tops and bottoms Early harp; small female bust at front, higher than back scroll

2

Medium (intermediate) shields; wider than crowns, pointed tops and bottoms with late harp; slightly larger than early, front and back level

3

Large shields; wider than crowns, indented tops, pointed bottoms Large early harp; large female bust at front, higher than plain back

4

As 3, but with a large late harp, front and back level

5

As 4, but shields more square shaped

1

2

3 139

4

5

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS

7 over 6

Error GRR

8 over 7

G over A

Elephant & castle

Unbarred A in GRΛ

M·AG

No stop after GVLIELMVS

I over E

M over higher M

LONDON MINT Normal punctuation in reverse legends, unless stated MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• L/1.

Rev. 1 - small shields & small early harp

Spink 3475

Variety, comments etc

R

(Old ESC)

C R3

534

ESC 1014 1015

Date

Edge year

1696 —

OCTAVO —

1016 1017 1018 1019

L/3. 1696 — — —

Rev. 3 - large shields & early harp Spink 3481 OCTAVO (8) The bust varies slightly 1 (7s-9b) N 522 — I over E in GVLIELMVS(7strs) R4 523 — 4 523A None Proof, plain edge (8s-9b) R 6 523B — Proof, plain edge. Thicker flan R

(8) —

(5s-9b)

Reads DEC S

140

(5s-9b)

534A

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS L/4 Rev. 4 - large shields & late harp Spink 3487 Leg. punc. – No stops after MAG FRA HIB ESC 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031

Date

Edge year

1696 1697 — — — — — — — — — —

OCTAVO NONO — — — — — — — — — —

1032



None

L/5. 1033 1034 1035 1036

1698 — — —

1037 1038

L/5. 1699 —

1039 1040 1041 1042 1043

— — — — 1700

Variety, comments etc

(8) (9) — — — — — — — — — —

(8s-7b) 2

Note (6s-5b;7s-6b; 8s-6b;9s-6b;9s-7b) I over E in GVLIELMVS M over M in GVLIELMVS 7 over 6 (7s-6b) Error reads GRR (8 strings) 2nd N over O in NONO (6s-5b) Inverted Ns on edge ANNO Unbarred A in GRA (8s-6b) GRA no stop. Stop in M·AG(7s) No stop after GVLIELMVS(7s) G over A in MAG (9 strings) Stop after FRA Proof, plain edge (15.52g) (10s-8b)

R

(Old ESC)

R3 C R2 R3 R2 R5 R3 R2 R3 R3 R3 R5

530

R5

542

541 541 541A 541B 541C 541C 541D 541E 541F 541G

Rev. 5i & 5o - modified large shields and harp Leg. punc. – No stops after MAG FRA HIB Spink 3494 (8) 5i Wrong edge year (7s-6b) R6 553 OCTAVO (7s-7b) (10) C2 554 DECIMO — 8 over 7 (6 strings) R3 554A — (5s-?b;6s-7b;7s-7b) R5 555 UNDECIMO (11) Rev. 5i & 5o - modified large shields and harp Spink 3494 556 R (5s-5b) UNDECIMO (11) 5i — Some Ns in legend inverted R3 557 — All Ns on edge inverted — DEC S ET T TAMEN7s R3 557A — — Unbarred A in GRA (5s-7b) R3 558 — — Arms of Scotland at date*(5s) R4 559 — — Lion of Nassau inverted* (5s) R3 560 — (5s-7b) N 561 DVODECIMO (12) *Engraver’s error caused by rotation of legend

Note In 1701 the figure 1 changed from the regular reversed Z to a J type 141

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS L/5.

Rev. 5i & 5o - modified large shields and harp Leg. punc. – No stops after MAG FRA HIB

ESC 1044 1045 1046 1047

Date

Edge year

1700 — 1701 —

D. TERTIO — — —

(13) — — —

1048 1049

— —

— —

— —

LE/5. 1050 1051

1701 —

1052

L/6. 1701

Spink 3494

Variety, comments etc

R

(Old ESC)

5o See note 3 (8s-6b;6s-6b;7s) Reads DEC S (6s-7b; 6s-8b) J type 1s. See note1 (7s-6b) J type 1s. Extra R on edge before DECVS J type 1s.E over N in DECVS J type 1s. No stops on reverse

N R2 N R3

562

R6 C2

564B

563 564 564A

565

Elephant & Castle below bust 4 / Rev. 5o – square shields Leg. punc. – No stops after MAG FRA HIB Spink 3495 4 566 (7s-6b) R D. TERTIO (13) 5o J type 1s. — J type 1s. Broader Elephant R5 566A — with taller castle than before4 Rev. 6 – Plumes in angles, square shields D. TERTIO (13) 5i J type 1s.

Spink 3496

567 (7s-7b) R ESC 541c; DECVS·EMEN·AMEN·ANNO·REGINONO (Ex MB collection) de-listed because blundered edge legend caused by a segment of the collar slipping

Note; All provincial dies were supplied by the Tower mint

PROVINCIAL MINTS BRISTOL MINT - B below bust September 1696 to September 1698 = 24 Months production Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

1 – Small shields Early harp

Standard obverse B below bust 142

2 – Medium shields Late harp

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS B/1.

Rev. 1 – small shields & small early harp

Spink 3476

(Old ESC)

R R6

535

Date

Edge year

1696 —

OCTAVO —

1055

B/2 1696

Rev. 2 – medium shields & small late harp OCTAVO (8) No stop after HIB

1056 1057 1058

B/3. 1696 — —

Rev. 3 – large shields & large early harp Spink 3482 524 OCTAVO (8) Angle of letter B varies (6;7s-9b) S 4 — Error on edge reads REGNE R — — Thick flan, wt. 328.5 grs (Not traced) R6 524A —

B/4.

Rev. 4 – large shields & late harp No stops after MAG FRA HIB OCTAVO (8) (No strings-6b5;11s-7b;2,5,6, strings) (9) NONO — Proof on a thick flan. B below — bust partly erased on die wt. 21.3g — No stops on reverse (5s-7b) — — E over? re-entered I, — No harp strings5

1059 1060 1061

1696 1697 —

1062 1063

— —

Variety, comments etc

R

ESC 1053 1054

(8) —

(5s-9b)

Proof

9

(6s-8b) (Note; medium or intermediate shields)

CHESTER MINT – C below bust October 1696 to June 1698 = 20 Months production Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

Small c

large C 143

535B

Spink ? R3 535A

Spink 3488 R4 530A N 543 R6 543A R R2

544

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS C/1. ESC 1064

1065

Date

Edge year

1696

OCTAVO

C/3.

Large letter C below bust Rev. 3 – large shields & large early harp OCTAVO (8)

1696 C/4.

1066 1067 1068

Small letter c below bust Rev. 1 – small shields & small early harp

1696 — 1697

Spink 3477

Variety, comments etc (5s-9b)

(8)

(6s-9b)

R

(Old ESC)

R2

536

Spink 3483 525 R

Large letter C below bust Rev. 4 – large shields & large late harp Spink 3489 (7s-8b) R3 531 OCTAVO (8) No stop after MAG?* — No stop after BR (7s-8b) R3 531 — 545 (9) No stop after MAG FRA HIB S NONO

(6s-5b;6s-8b;9s-5b;5 strings) The grade of examples studied leaves room for doubt concerning the stops

*

EXETER MINT - E below bust August 1696 to July 1698 = 23 Months production Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

E over C

E over c 1069

E/1. 1696

E over C

E

E over B

Inverted A

E over B Stop after G

Rev. 1 - small shields & small early harp OCTAVO (8) 144

(5s-8b)

Spink 3478 R4 537

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS E/3.

Rev. 3 - large shields & large early harp

Spink 3484

(Old ESC)

R2

526

Date

Edge year

1696

OCTAVO

1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076

E/4. 1696 — 1697 — — —

Rev. 4 - large shields & late large harp, all stops Spink 3490 (7s-8b) R3 532 OCTAVO (8) (9) Error; wrong edge year (?s-8b) R5 532A NONO OCTAVO (8) Error; wrong edge year (8s-8b) R5 546 (5s-8b;6s-7b) N 547 (9) NONO * 5 547 — Reads T TAMEN R — 3 547A — No stop after MAG (only)(9s-5b) R —

E/4.

Rev. 4 - large shields & late large harp No stops after MAG FRA HIB Spink 3490 (6s-7b) N 547 (9) NONO — E over small c under bust R4 548 — (9s-6b) Stop in G·RA· * — E over large C under bust R4 548A — * Edge reads T TAMEN (7s-7b) 4 548B — E over B under bust (5s-8b) R — 4 548C — E over B under bust (7s-6b) R — Edge reads T TAMEN* — Reads GVLIELM S (7 strings) R3 548D —

1077 1078

1697 —

1079



1080 1081

— —

1082



Variety, comments etc

R

ESC 1070

(6s-9b;7s-?b)

(8)

*These may not be true errors but simply flaws

NORWICH MINT - N below bust September 1696 to April 1698 = 19 Months production Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

Small N

Arms of Scotland at date 145

Normal N

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS

Unbarred A Medium shields N/1. ESC 1083

1084

Spink 3479

Date

Edge year

1696

OCTAVO

N/2.

Small letter N below bust Rev. 2 - medium shields & smaller late harp OCTAVO (8)

1696 N/2.

1085 1086

1696 —

1087

— N/3.

1088

Small letter N below bust Rev. 1 - small shields & early harp

1696 N/4.

Variety, comments etc (5s-9b)

(8)

R

(Old ESC)

R

538

Spink 3479 R5 538A

Normal letter N below bust Rev. 2 - medium shields & smaller late harp Spink 3479 OCTAVO (8) No stops after FRA HIB (9s-8b) R4 538B R4 538C — No stops after MAG FRA HIB — Unbarred A in FRA — Inverted A for V in OCTAVO R3 538D — Normal letter N below bust Rev. 3 - large shields & large early harp 8th OCTAVO (8)

Spink 3485 R4 527

Normal letter N below bust Rev. 4 - large shields & large late harp Spink 3491 (Not traced) R5 533 OCTAVO (8) — Error; wrong edge year (6s-7b) R6 549 — No stop after MAG (only) 550 (9) No stop after MAG FRA HIB S NONO

1089 1090

1696 1697

1091



1092







1093







(6s-5b)

Arms of Scotland at date No stop after FRA HIB No stop after MAG FRA 146

R5

550A

S

550B

(6s-6b) (7s-8b)

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS YORK MINT - У below bust September 1696 to April 1698 = 19 Months production Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX•

У over inverted A Normal У Y/1. Date

У over inverted A

Rev. 1 - small shields & early harp Edge year

Spink 3480

Variety, comments etc

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 1094

1696

OCTAVO

1095 1096 1097

Y/3. 1696 — —

Rev. 3 - large shields & large early harp Spink 3486 (6s-9b) 528 R OCTAVO (8) (5s-9b) 528B — No stops after MAG FRA R — 5 528A — Arms of Scotland at date R —

1098



(5s-9b)

(8)

(Not traced)





У over E looks like inverted A

2

R

R5

539

529

(6s-9b)

Y/4. 1099 1100 1101 1 2 3

1697 — —

Rev. 4 - large shields & late harp Spink 3492 Leg. punc. – No stops after MAG FRA HIB OCTAVO (8) Error; wrong edge year (7s-9b) R6 550B (0s-5b;4s-5b;7s-5b) (4,8 strings) N 551 (9) NONO — More a capital Y than У7(5strings) R5 552 —

Notes The majority of the reverse varieties are illustrated in the superb Colin Adam’s collection Spink Auction 177, 1 December 2005. “The size of the lions on the English shield varies very considerably on coins of this year. Some could be called ‘large lions’ and some ‘small lions’. Also there are differences in the size of the harp. (P.A. Rayner) Some of these have slightly larger lettering on reverse and larger harps

147

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

HALFCROWNS Pattern 8

P. ESC 1102

Date

1696

Second bust / second reverse? Edge year

OCTAVO

Variety, comments etc

(8)

Laureate and draped, right, hair breaking legend, two locks of hair across the breast

Spink 3493

(Old ESC)

R 7

R

540

4

There is a variety with the provenance mark larger, i.e. the castle is much taller, and the elephant broader and of different style (R5) as explained in the notes of Charles II; the edge legend can be upright or inverted in relation to the obverse, and some collectors regard this as a variety and try to collect both, but since the legend was put on the blank flan prior to striking, it could be either way

5

The die sinker was left to add the strings to the Irish harp, and occasionally forgot. This is evident on high grade coins but suspect on lower, see ‘E4’ graded GEF. E.R. Jackson Kent lists a few other specimens. Although they may be of interest to a specialist collector, they do not warrant inclusion as major varieties. Neither do missing pellets in the legends unless out of the ordinary; MAG FRA HIB are found both with and without pellets. The harp strings, and billets surrounding the lion of Nassau, also vary in numbers, but do not warrant inclusion as major varieties. See the Colin Adam’s sale for many examples.

6

Previously wrongly described as У over E

7

This ‘y’ is sometimes called a capital Y, as it is without the usual tail of the normal y, but it is not such a definite capital Y as is found on the shillings and sixpences and is probably a badly cut small y. One common error found on all denominations of William III coins is the accidental use of an inverted ‘A’ punch for the letter ‘V’(P.A. Rayner)

8

This unique coin (in the B.M.) is in the same style as the second bust crown, and therefore re-classified as a pattern also. Uncertain if both types exist matching the crowns

148

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS Legends and style as the crown and halfcrown My grateful thanks to Roderick Farey for supplying the following portaits with descriptions, and many of the enlarged images. (M.B.) A. (a) (b)

FIRST BUST hair turns outwards above and below the crown of the head broad ties with a clear gap N.B. the ties can be absent due to die filling

B - Bristol

C - Chester Small D in DEI

E - Exeter

N - Norwich Standard reverse

Y over inverted Y У - York

Y - York 149

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS B. (a) (b) (c)

SECOND BUST hair over the crown of the head consists of curls long thin ties show a clear gap and there is an extra curl of hair at the right hand end the most recognisable feature is the hair across the breast

2nd bust - London C. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

B - Bristol

THIRD BUST there is a gap between the top two laurel leaves of the wreath the hair at the back of the head turns downwards and inwards the ties are thinner and lack a clear gap between them the curl under the bust is narrower the front of the drapery has a long narrow fold

3rd bust - London 150

C - Chester

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS

E - Exeter

N - Norwich

У - York

Y - York

D.

THIRD BUST VARIETY

(a)

the hair at the back of the head turns downwards and inwards like the 3rd bust the ties are wider and have no gap between them the hair curl under the bust is larger the profile is thought to be more aquiline and the features somewhat coarser

(b) (c) (d)

B - Bristol

3rd bust variety - London E. (a) (b) (c)

C - Chester

FOURTH BUST ‘Flaming hair’ the hair on the top of the head resembles flames, hence the description ‘flaming hair’ the hair at the back of the head consists of curls somewhat similar to those on the 2nd bust the ties are joined together and have a hair curl at the right hand end similar to the 2nd bust but curling downwards rather than upwards

151

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS

Flaming hair

4th bust - London F. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

‘J’ type 1 in date

FIFTH BUST G. – Plume below bust ‘High hair’ the hair on the top of the head is higher obscuring one of the laurel leaves, hence the description ‘high hair’ the hair at the back of the head turns downwards and inwards like the 3rd bust and 3rd bust variety there is a distinct gap between the ties there is an extra curl of hair on the shoulder the fold at the front of the drapery is shorter

5th bust - London

Plume below

Lions No billets

Small

large 152

Plume below

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS REVERSES

1 Plain in angles Small lions

2 Roses in angles Small lions

3 Plumes in angles Small lions

ARRANGEMENT OF ARMS (Clockwise from date)

5 Normal with small lettering E-S-F-I

6 arms transposed Scottish ↔ Irish E-I-F-S

7 arms transposed French ↔ Irish E-S-I-F

4 Plumes in angles Large lions

(Halfcrown illustrated)

8 Scottish arms at date S-F-I-E

Small lettering

Large lettering

No stops

LM/M

Error 1669

Tall 00s & no stops

153

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS

E over A

EL over M & colon (?)

G LIELMVS

GVLIELM S Obv.

GVLIEMVS

Error MAB

Error GRI

GVLELMVS

R over V or inverted A?

A.

First bust, distinctive dent in hair at the back of head and the hair turns outwards above and below it. Note; small D in DEI

B

Second bust with hair across the breast; see Patterns

C.

Third bust, right, similar to first bust but no dent and the hair at the crown all turns downwards and inwards Note; Letter L aligns with the bottom end of top tie

D.

Third bust variety, right, very similar to third bust, but ties closer to hair, more aquiline profile, coarser features and the back of his hair and forehead is noticeably closer to the legend

E.

Fourth bust, known as the ‘flaming hair’ type on account of the appearance of the hair at the top of the head

F.

Fifth bust, known as the ‘high hair’ type. A narrower bust and with hair at top somewhat between that on the earlier busts and the fourth bust, V-shape ties stick straight out Fifth bust with a plume below

G.

154

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS LONDON MINT (No letter below bust) L.A/1. First bust, dent in hair at the back / Rev. 1 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• Date

Spink 3497 REX•

Variety, comments etc

R

(Old ESC)

N C R3 R5 R5 R4 R4 R4 R5 R4 R5 R6 R6

1077

ESC 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115

1695 1696 — — — — — — — — — — —

1116

L.B/9. Second bust / Rev. 9 - shields with pointed tops Spink 3504 ET•HIB REX• Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA (5?s-6b) R7 1088A 1696 See note 3 (Unique with matching 5/- & 2/6)

1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126

L.A/1. First bust, dent in hair at the back / Rev. 1 Spink 3497 ET•HIB REX• Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA (4s-7b;6s-8b) C 1091 1697 4 1091A Transposed arms of Scotland ↔ Ireland. E-I-F-S R — 5 1091B Error; Irish shield at date (Not traced) R — nd ? 1091C 2 L over M in GVLIELMVS R — nd 1091D Error reads; GVLIELM S (2 V Inverted A) R — 1092 No stops on reverse (6s-7b) R — 5 1093 Error reads; GVLELMVS (4s-5b) R — 3 1094A Error E of DEI struck over A R — 5 1094 Error reads; GRI not GRA (6s-8b) R — 1 7 1094B Struck in copper with a plain edge, wt. 9.66grs R —

(5s-7b;5s-8b;5s-9b) (5s-9b; 6s-9b)

No stops on reverse (Not traced) Error; reads MAB for MAG Proof on heavy flan Error reads; GVLIEMVS Error reads; GVLIELM S 2nd V inverted A Error reads; G LIELMVS 1st V inverted A (5s-9b) EL over M in GVLIELMVS: Note, colon (flaw?) Colon after BR: second L over E in GVLIELMVS Error, date reads 1669 Struck in copper on a thick flan1

155

1078 1078A 1078B 1079 1080 1080A 1080B 1080B 1080C 1080D

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS Date

Variety, comments etc

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 1143 1144

1699 —

1145 1146 1147

L.F/1. Fifth bust ‘high hair’ / Rev. 1. Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• Note; no stop after HIB 1699 Proof with plain edge — Note; with stop after HIB• —

1148

L.F/3. Fifth bust / Rev. 3 - Roses in angles, small lions Spink 3518 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• (5s-7b) R3 1120 1699

1149

L.F/4. Fifth bust / Rev. 4 - Plumes in angles, large lions Spink 3517 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• (5s-7b;5s-8b?) R2 1119 1699

1150 1151

L.F/1. Fifth bust ‘high hair’ / Rev. 1. Spink 3516 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• 1121 (5s-7b) S Tall 0s in date 2 1700 2 1121A Smaller and circular oos in date (6s-6b) S —

1152

Edge grained, struck on a thick flan, wt. 128.8grs Edge plain (Reverse die flaw over REX·16) (c.6-9s-6b) ET•HIB

L.F/1. Fifth bust ‘high hair’ / Rev. 1. Leg. punc. – MAG• BR FRA• ET•HIB• Large linked circular Os in date 2 1700 Note; no stop after BR

7

R R7

1116A 1116B

Spink 3516 REX• 1117 (5s-6b) R 5 1118 (5s-6b) R 1117 (5s-6b) R

Spink 3516 REX• 1122 R (5s-6b)

1153

L.F/1. Fifth bust ‘high hair’ / Rev. 1. ET HIB Leg. punc. – MAG BR FRA Tall 0s in date 1 Note; no stops on rev. 1700

1154

L.G/1. Fifth bust, with plume below / Rev. 1. Spink 3519 (5 known) (6s-?b) R5 1123 1700

1155 1156

L.F/1. Fifth bust ‘high hair’ / Rev. 1. Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• 1701 No stop after DEI — 157

ET•HIB•

Spink 3516 REX (7s-7b?)

R

1122A

Spink 3516 REX• (5s-6b) R 1124 1124 (5s-7b) R

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS L.F/4. ESC 1157

Date

Fifth bust / Rev. 4 - Plumes in angles, large lions Spink 3517 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Variety, comments etc (7s-8b)

1701

R

(Old ESC)

R2

1125

BRISTOL MINT - B below bust

1158 1159 1160

B.A/1. First bust, B below / Rev. 1 - Large lettering Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• See note 3 1696 Small x in REx — — Error; G LIELMVS , large G in MAG

Spink 3498 REX• 1081 (5s-9b) R S S

1161

B.C/1. First bust, B below / Rev. 1 - Large lettering Spink 3506 ET•HIB REX• Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA (5s-6b;6s-6b) R4? 1095 1697

1162

B.C/1. Third bust, B below / Rev. 1 - Large lettering 1697

Spink 3506 R5 1103

1163

B.C/5. Third bust, B below / Rev. 5 - Small lettering 1697

Spink 3506 1103A R

1164

B.D/1. Third bust var. B below, hair close to leg. / Rev. 1. Spink 3512 ET•HIB REX• Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA (6s-6b?) R3 1109 1697

CHESTER MINT - C below bust C.A/1 1165 1166 1167 1168

1696 — — 1697

First bust, C below / Rev. 1. Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• R of GRA over V? See note 3 Proof on heavy flan

158

Spink 3499 REX• (5s-9b) 1082 S (6s-11b?) R4 1082A (Not traced) R5 1083 (5s-9b;(6s-8b) 1096 S

ET•HIB•

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS C.C/1. Third bust, C below / Rev. 1 - Large lettering ESC 1169 1170

Date

1696 —

Variety, comments etc

Probably a mule No stops on obv.

Spink 3507 R

(Old ESC)

R3 S

1089 1104A

1172

C.C/5. Third bust, C below / Rev. 5 - Small lettering Spink 3507 R3 1089 1696 C.A/1 First bust, C below / Rev. 1. Spink 3499 (5s-9b;(6s-8b) S 1096 1697

1173

C.D/1. Third bust var. C below, hair close to leg. / Rev. 1. Spink 3512 1109 (6s-6b) R No stops after MAG FRA HIB 1697

1171

C.A/6

First bust, C below Rev. 6 - Transposed Arms of Scotland ↔ Ireland

Spink 3499 R4 1097

1174

1697

1175 1176

C.C/1. Third bust, C below / Rev. 1 - Large lettering Spink 3507 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• (6s-7b; 6s-8b) S 1104 1697 Reads FR·A · ET in error (Not traced) R4 1104C —

1177

C.C/8. Third bust, C below Rev. 8 - Arms of Scotland at date 1697

1178 1179

C.D/1. Third bust var. C below, hair to close leg. / Rev. 1. Spink 3513 ET•HIB REX• Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA (6s-6b) R3 1110 1697 Thick flan, wt. 10.2g, 157.5grs, (halfcrown blank) (2 known) R5 1111 —

(Not traced)

Spink 3507 R5 1104B

EXETER MINT - E below bust E.A/1

First bust, E below / Rev. 1 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA•

Spink 3500 REX• (5s-9b;6 strings) 1084 S

ET•HIB•

1180

1696

1181

E.C/1. Third bust, E below / Rev. 1- Large lettering Probably a mule 1696 159

Spink 3508 R7 1089A

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS E.A/1

First bust, E below / Rev. 1

Date

Spink 3500

Variety, comments etc

R

(Old ESC)

R3

1098

ESC 1182

1697

1183

E.C/1. Third bust, E below / Rev. 1- Large lettering Spink 3508 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• (5 strings) 1105 R 1697 (Uncertain if punctuation correct)

(Not traced)

NORWICH MINT - N below bust N.A/1

First bust, N below / Rev. 1 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA•

Spink 3501 REX• (5s-9b) 1085 S (5 strings) 1099 S 4 R S

ET•HIB•

1184 1185 1186 1187

1696 1697 — —

1188

N.C/1. Third bust, N below / Rev. 1- Large lettering Spink 3509 (7 strings) 1106 R 1697

No stops on obverse Small 7 in date

YORK MINT Capital Y or script У below bust Y.A/1 1189 1190

1696 — У.A/1

First bust, capital Y below / Rev. 1. Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• Y over

upside down (die flaw?)

Spink 3503 REX• (5 strings) 1087 R 4 1088 (5s-9b;6s-9b) R

First bust, script У below / Rev. 1. Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB•

1191 1192

1696 —

No stop after GVLIELMVS

1193

У.C/1 1696

Third bust, script У below/ Rev. 1. Probably a mule 160

Spink 3502 REX• (5s-9b) 1086 S 1086 S Spink 3510 R6 1090

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SHILLINGS Y.A/1 ESC 1194 1195

First bust, capital Y below / Rev. 1.

Date

Spink 3503

Variety, comments etc (5s-9b)

1697 Undated

У.A/1

Double obverse Y below busts erased

(2 known)

1196

1697

First bust, script У below / Rev. 1. Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA• ET•HIB• Note; no stop after MAG

1197

У.A/7 1697

First bust, script У below / Rev. 7. Transposed Arms of Scotland ↔ Ireland

1198

У.A/8 1697

First bust, script У below / Rev. 8. Transposed Arms of France ↔ Ireland

У.C/1 1697

Third bust, script У below/ Rev. 1.

1199

R

(Old ESC)

R R7

1101 1101A

Spink 3502 REX• 1100 (4s-5b) S Spink 3502 R7 1100B

(unique?)

(5s-8b; 7s-7b)

Spink 3502 R7 1100A Spink 3510 R2 1107

PATTERN (No illustration) L.E var./9. Fourth bust variety / Rev. 9 - shields with pointed tops ET•HIB REX• Spink 3504 Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ESC 1200

Date

1699

Variety, comments etc

*

(Old ESC)

R

R

7

1127

*In the British Museum there is a shilling dated 1699 as those of the fourth bust, but the hair is more wiry and the bust broader; hair on top is more like that on the early busts. It is in high relief. (P.A. Rayner) 1 2 2 3

See Spink Auction 140, lots 637-640 Shillings struck on copper flans, with explanation; lions vary in size on the English arms, but to simplify things they are either small or large There seems to be at least three differing types of 0 used in the date 1700. Type 1 has slightly avoid figures and is the normal variety, type 2 has smaller, almost circular figures, and type 3 very elongated 0’s. This exists both with and without stops on rev. Two specimens were noted in March 1990 both from the same die and VAS This bust, although known for other denominations, was not believed to exist on the shilling, and, in fact, did not appear in the first edition of this work. Seaby purchased a specimen in 1949 and this unique coin was sold by Spink & Son in Auction 3, 1979, the Lord Hamilton of Dalziel collection lot 236, £13,000 Some of the inverted Vs for As may be due to filled dies or weak strikes

161

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES Legends and style as the halfcrown & shilling Edge diagonally milled. Struck at all provincial mints

First bust (A) (Note; 3 long curls hang almost vertically below ear)

B over E

C

B - Bristol

C - Chester B over E

(x2)

E over B

E over Y

N

E - Exeter

N - Norwich

No stops in legend Capital

script

Y - York

У - York

Second bust (B)

Two locks of hair across breast; B1 thick, B2 thinner, cf. Patterns later

B1 - GVLELMVS

B1 - GVLIELMVS (x2)

162

B2 - GVLIELMVS

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES Third bust (C) (Note; curls above shoulder almost diagonal)

B - Bristol

B over E

C - Chester London

E - Exeter

Y - York

Plume below

Struck on a shilling flan REVERSES (x1·5) Harps – crowns

1 (i) Early - large

2 (ii) late - large 163

3 (iii) late - small

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES

7 Plumes

9 Roses

No stops Plain

Errors due to rotated legend

4 Scottish arms at date

6a Irish arms at date

6 Irish arms at date

5 French arms at date

8 Irish & French arms transposed

10 Lion inverted

G LIELMVS

GVLIEIMVS (filled die)

GVLIEMVS

164

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES

GVLIEMVS (missing L)

GVLELMVS (missing I)

E over C?

EL over M

L over M

E over R & T over?

Unbarred H

GR over DE

G over I

Bust

A.

Rev.

1. 2. 3.

First bust, right, with distinctive hair turned outwards above and below the crown of the head (Note; 3 long curls hanging below ear) Early harp - Front higher than back Large crowns - same width as shield Late harp - both front and back level Large crowns - same width as shield Late harp Small crowns – narrower than shield

B1.

Second bust, large broad head with thick curls and two locks of hair spread right across breast, in very low relief 1

B2. 3.

Similar, but narrower bust with “wiry” hair, in higher relief Late harp - Small crowns

C.

Third bust, with hair at the back turning down and inwards (Note; curls above shoulder almost diagonal), longer ties Late harp - Large crowns Late harp - Small crowns Late harp - Large crowns - Roses in the angles Late harp - Large crowns - Plumes in the angles Third bust with a small plume below Late harp - Large crowns

2. 3. 4. 8. D. 2.

165

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES LONDON MINT L.A/1. First bust / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• Date

ESC 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207

1695 1696 ― ― ― ― ―

1208 1209 1210

― ― ― L.A/2

Spink 3520 REX•

Varieties (4 strings-7 billets)

See note 2 (3s-8b; 4s-8b) 2nd V in GVLIELMVS is inverted A D of DEI over I (Not traced) No stops on obv. No stops on rev. 2nd 6 over 5 (3 strings) E over C? in GVLIELMVS 2nd L over M in GVLIELMVS and E over R in ET Large As on reverse thick flan wt. 4.91g (4 strings?) Proof in copper, heavy flan, plain edge (3 strings)

R

(Old ESC)

R C2 R3 R4 R R R2

1532

R2 R5 R5

1534?

1533 1533B 1533A 1534

1534A 1534C

First bust / Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3527 (5s-6b) R3 1543 No stop after GRA 4 1544 No stops on rev. (5s-6b) R

1211 1212

1696 ―

1213

L.A/3 1696

1214

L.A/4. First bust / Rev. 4 – Arms of Scotland at date Spink 3520 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• (3 strings) R4 1534B 1696

1215

L.A/5. First bust / Rev. 5 – Arms of France at date 1696

1216

L.A/10 First bust / Rev. 10 – Inverted lion of Nassau Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3520 R3 1545 1696

First bust / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns

166

Spink 3531 R3 1545

(4s-8b)

Spink 3520 R7 1534C

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES L.B/3 ESC 1217 1218

1219 1220 1221

Date

L.A/3

First bust / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB•

1697 ― ―

1697

1697 L.B/3

1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229

1697 ― ― ― ― ―

1230 1231 1232

― ― ―

2

(Old ESC)

R

Pattern or proof? No stop after GRA (4s-5b;7s-7b?) Second bust. Error GVLELMVS (3 known) (3 strings)

L.A/8 1223

Varieties

1696 1696

L.A/3 1222

Second bust, larger head, two locks of hair spread across the breast, very low relief / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3537 4

R R5

1550 1551

Spink 3531 REX• (5s-7b) C 1552 (6 strings) R3 1553 R3 1553

Struck en medaille ↑↑ GVLIELM S

First bust / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns ET•HIB Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA Struck on a shilling blank

Spink 3531 REX• (5s-5b)

R6

1552A

First bust / Rev. 8 – France ↔ Ireland arms transposed Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3531 (4s-6b?) R5 1552B Second bust, larger head, two locks of hair spread across the breast, very low relief. No stop after GRA Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3537 2 1564 (5s-7b) R See note 2 No stop after GVLIELMVS R5 1564B? Untidy rev. leg. (4 strings-7 billets) R5 1564C? Neat rev. leg. (4s-7b; 6?str-7b) R5 1564D? GR in GRA over DE R4 1564A GR in GRA over DE GVLIEMVS (4 strings) R4 1565 Blundered letters H over? & R over? in rev. leg. G over I? in GRA (4 strings) R4 1565B R4 1565C G LIELMVS R4 1565A GVLIELM S

“I have increased the rarity of ESC 1564 to R2. This coin is quite scarce even in poor state, and notoriously difficult to find in VF or better, when the rarity would perhaps be R2. There are a great number of error readings on sixpences of this reign” (P.A. Rayner)

167

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES L.C/2 Date

Third bust, back hair turning downwards and inwards, longer ties Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Spink 3538 Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237

1697 ― ― ― ― L.C/3 1697 ― ― ― ―

Third bust / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns

1238 1239 1240 1241 1242

L.C/2

Third bust, back hair turning downwards and inwards, longer ties Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3538 (4s-7b) N 1574

1243

1698 L.C/7

1244

1699 L.C/8

1246 1247

1699 ―

(4s-6b)

C

1566

(4s-6b)

R4 R4

1566B

(4s-6b)

Third bust / Rev. 7 – Plumes in the angles Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB Third bust / Rev. 7 – Plumes in the angles Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• Large lettering obverse & reverse

1566C

Spink 3542 1567 R

Larger lettering on reverse D over E in DEI G over D in GRA G over I in GRA

1698 L.C/7

1245

D over E in DEI G over D in GRA G LIELMVS Large lettering obv. & rev. GVLIEIMVS (due to filled die?)

2

R R3 R

1567A 1567B 1567C

REX• Spink 3546 (4s-6b) 1575 R Spink 3546 REX• (4s-6b)

R2

1577

Third bust as before / Rev. 8 – Roses in the angles Spink 3547 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• (3s–?b) R2 1578 No stop after GRA R2 1578A

Note; the following three varieties have been de-listed; Old ESC 1534d, DFI; “from an F. Punch with both serifs, not a broken E punch or from a clogged die.” (P.A.R.) The illustration shows the error to be caused by striking Old ESC 1566c GVLIEIMVS looks convincing, but is probably a filled die not an error Old ESC 1568a; DNW 16, 2011 lists lot 126 as IRA for FRA but this is due to striking

168

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES L.C/2 ESC 1248 1249 1250 1251

Date

1699 ― 1700 ―

Third bust, back hair turning downwards and inwards, longer ties Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Spink 3538 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Varieties (3s–6b;4s–?b;5s-7b)

G

(Old ESC)

R

LIELMVS

(4s–7b?) (4s-6b; 4s-7b;5s-7b)

G LIELMVS Large lettering obverse & reverse

(5s-7b) (5s-7b)

3

R R5 N R4

1576

S

1581

1578A 1579 1579A

1252

1701

1253

L,D/2. Third bust with a small plume below Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Spink 3548 Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• (5 strings) R6 1580 1701

BRISTOL MINT

1254 1255

B.A/1. First bust, B below / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Spink 3521 1535 (3s-8b;4s-9b) N Over-size As 1696 1535A B altered from E and over-size As (3s-8b;3s-9b) S ―

1256 1257

B.A/2. First bust, B below Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns 1696 No stops on obverse ―

1258 1259

B.A/3. First bust, B below Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns 1696 No stops on obverse ―

1260

B.A/2. First bust, B below / Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3528 1554 (4s-6b) R 9 over 9? 1697

(Not traced)

(4 strings, 7 billets)

Many varieties are generally too small to illustrate clearly 169

Spink 3528 R3 1546 R5 1546A Spink 3532 R2 1547 R2 1548

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES B.A/3. First bust, B below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3532 ESC 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265

1266 1267

Date

1697 ― ― ― ―

Varieties (4 strings-6 billets?)

Struck en medaille ↑↑ B altered from E B altered from E Reads M•AG Inverted lion of Orange in centre

(5s-6b?) (4s-7b) (4s-7b) (? strings-6 billets)

R

(Old ESC)

N R3 N N N

1555 1555A 1555C 1555B

B.C/2. Third bust, B below / Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3539 (4 strings) R 1568 1697 1568A R B altered from E ― (4 strings) Large lettering obverse & reverse

CHESTER MINT

1268

C.A/1. First bust, C below / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Spink 3522 1536 (3 strings-9 billets) S 1696 Over-size As

1269

C.A/3. First bust, C below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3533 (6s-7b) R4 1548A 1696

1270

C.A/2. First bust, C below / Rev. 1 – Late harp, large crowns Spink 3529 (Not traced) R4 1556 1697

1271 1272 1273

C.A/3. First bust, C below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3533 (4s-7b;5s-6b) N 1557 1697 1557B Plain edge, struck without a collar (5s-7b) R ― 5 1557A No stops after MAG FRA HIB R ―

1274

C.A/6. First bust, C below / Rev. 6/ – Irish arms at date and inverted lion Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3533 R5 1558 Note; Inverted lion of Orange in centre 1697 (4s-7b) Mixed size lettering on reverse 170

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES C.C/2. Third bust, C below / Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3540 Date

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

R3

1569

ESC 1275

1697

1276

C.C/3. Third bust, C below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3543 (6s-6b) R3 1570 Large lettering obverse & reverse 1697

See note

(4 strings)

EXETER MINT

1277

E.A/1. First bust, E below / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Spink 3523 (3s-8b) 1537 R 1696

1278

E.A/3. First bust, E below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3534 (6s-7b) R3 1548B 1696

1279

E.C/1. Third bust, E below / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• A mule 1696

1280

E.A/2. First bust, E below / Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3530 (4s-6b) 1559 R 1697

1281 1282 1283

E.A/3. First bust, E below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3534 1560 (4s-6b) S Rev. mixed size lettering 1697 4 1560A E over B below bust R ― 2 1560C Small 7 in date (from Maundy?) R ―

171

Spink 3537A REX• 7 1542A (?s-7b) R

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES E.A/3. First bust, E below Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• Date

ESC 1284

1697

1285



ET•HIB•

Spink 3534 REX•

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

E over M in GVLIE•LMVS (3s-6b) Note; the stop is underlying remnant of letter M E over C in GVLIELMVS (3s-6b?) Over-size As obverse & reverse

2

1560B

R3

1560B

R

1286

E.C/2. Third bust, E below / Rev. 2 – Late harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3541 (4s-6b) R3 1571 Large lettering obverse & reverse 1697

1287

E.C/3. Third bust, E below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3544 (4s?-7b) 1572 R 1697

NORWICH MINT

1288

N.A/1. First bust, N below / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Spink 3524 (3s-8b) 1538 S 1696

1289 1290 1291 1292 1293

N.A/3. First bust, N below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3535 (4s-7b) R3 1549 1696 1561 Unbarred H (4 strings) (4s-8b) N 1697 No stop after BR N 1561 ― 2 1561 Larger lettering on reverse (4s-6b) R ― 5 1561A Error reads GVLIEMVS Stop after FRA· (4s-6b) R ―

YORK MINT Capital Y or script У below bust

1294 1295

Y.A/1. First bust, capital Y below / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Spink 3526 (4 strings) 1540 R 1696 2 1541 No stops on obverse (3s-8b) R 1696 172

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES У.A/1. First bust, script У below / Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• Spink 3525 ESC 1296

1297

1298

Date

1696

Varieties

Mixed size lettering on reverse

(3s-9b)

R

(Old ESC)

C

1539

Y.C/1. Third bust, capital Y below Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Spink 3537B Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REX• R6 1542 (4s-9b) A mule 3 1696 Mixed size lettering on reverse (3 known) У.A/3. First bust, script У below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3536 (2s-6b; 3s-7b;4s-7b;5s-7b) 1562 R 1697

1300

У.A/6a. First bust, script У below Rev. 6a – Irish arms at date and lion of orange sideways Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3536 (5s-6b) R5 1563 1697 Y.C/1. Third bust, capital Y below Rev. 1 – Early harp, large crowns Spink 3537B A mule (struck in 1697, with an old reverse of 1696 in error) R6 ? 1697

1301

Y.C/3. Third bust, capital Y below / Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REX• Spink 3545 (5s-7b?) R2 1573 Large lettering obverse & reverse 1697

1299

PATTERNS By James Roettier, 1696 & 1697

Second bust - B1

173

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

SIXPENCES PATTERNS Second bust - B2

Bust

B1.

Second bust, large broad head, laureate and draped, thick curls, two locks of hair spread right across breast, in very low relief 1

B2.

Second bust, similar, but with “wiry” hair, in higher relief and more finely engraved. Note alignment of legend closer to top hair

L.B1/3. Second bust, low relief1 Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns Date

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 1302 1303

1696 1697

1304

L.B2/3. Second bust “wiry” hair, in higher relief Rev. 3 – Late harp, small crowns 7 harp strings, 1696 (3 known, 2 in private hands)

1

There is a matching second bust crown and halfcrown in the National Collection,

5

R R7

174

wt. 2.80g

R6

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

MAUNDY MONEY MAUNDY SETS (The four denominations with uniform dates and toning)

Spink 3553 ESC 1305 1306 1307 1308

Date

Varieties

1698 1699 1700 1701

R

(Old ESC)

R R2 R2 R

2389 2390 2391 2392

GROATS Only one type, as illustration

1702 MΛG Spink 3549 ESC 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314

Date

1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702

Varieties, comments etc. (Unique?)

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 153,115

R7 R S R R N

1880

MΛG p. 153,123 p. 153,127(i)

No stop after date

p. 153,131

J type 1 in date. See note

1

175

1881 1882 1883A 1884 1885

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

MAUNDY MONEY THREEPENCES Only one type, as illustration

Reversed Z type 1

J type 1 Spink 3550

ESC 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320

Date

1698 1699 1700 1701 — —

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 153,118

N S N N N S

2000

p. 153,122 p. 153,126

Z-type 1s in date J-type 1s in date GBA for GRA

Small lettering Large lettering

p. 153,130(i) p. 153,130(ii) p. 153,130(iii)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2003A

HALFGROATS or TWOPENCES Obverse as groats and threepences with reverses 1, 2 & 3

1 Type

A

2

3

A/1

Rev. 1. - crown to edge of coin dividing date, large figure 2

A/2

Rev. 2. - crowned numeral smaller than 1 but larger than 3

A/3

Rev. 3. - crown within inner circle of legend, date above, smaller 2 176

WILLIAM III, 1694-1702

MAUNDY MONEY A/1. Date

Rev. 1. - crown to edge of coin, large figure 2 Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

ESC 1321

1698

1322

A/2. 1698

Rev. 2, - crowned numeral smaller than ‘1’ p. 153,117(i) Date partly above the crown

A/3. 1699 1700 1701

Rev. 3. - crown within inner circle of legend

1323 1324 1325

p. 153,121 p. 153,125 p. 153,129

Spink 3551 R

(Old ESC)

R

2206

Spink ? Spink 3551A 2207 S 2208 S N 2209

PENNIES Only one type, as illustration

Spink 3552 ESC 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1

Date

1698 — — — — — 1699 1700 1701 1701

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson p. 153,116(i)

6 of date above crown 9 of date above crown Reads IRA for FRA Reads HI· BREX Reads HI BREX

p. 153,116(ii) p. 153,116(iii) p. 153,116(iv) p. 153,116(v) p. 153,120

1st 0 partly over the crown

p. 153,124(i) p. 153,128(i)

No stop after MAG or ET

p. 153,128(ii)

R

(Old ESC)

S S R2 S S S R2 R S S

2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2311 2312 2313 2314 2314

This date, 1702, does not occur upon any other coins of this reign and should not correctly occur upon this. At this period the New Year commenced on the 25th March, whilst the king died on 8th March

177

ANNE 1702-14 No great change occured in the coinage of this reign but the Union with Scotland in 1707 affected the design of the Royal arms on the shield. Heretofore the arms of England and Scotland had been placed in separate shields, but after the Act of Union they were impaled on two shields. Two new provenance marks appear on the coins of Anne. Some coins from the crown to sixpence have VIGO below the queen’s head – this commemorates the capture of the Spanish treasure at Vigo Bay in 1702 and it is from the metal captured that the coins were struck. Also we find for the first time the use of roses and plumes together on the same coin. An Order in Council of the 5th April 1706 directed the money coined from silver brought into the Mint by the ‘Company for smelting down Lead with Pitcoale and Seacoale should ‘have the mark of distinction on each piece as represented in their petition’. Before the Act of Union the coinage of Scotland was quite separate from that of England, the Sottish denominations being equivalent to only 1/12th of the English. For this reason the Anne 10 shilling piece struck in Scotland in 1705 weighed only 71grains compared with the English shilling of 92 grains. As from the Union, the United Kingdom of England and Scotland used the same coinage, but during the years 1707-9, the Mint in Edinburgh continued to strike coins. These were the same design as those struck in London and were for the most part from London made dies and puncheons, but had an E or EËbelow the queen’s bust. As these coins were circulating in both coutries it seems reasonable to include them in this book especially as some of them are almost the commonest coins of the reign. At the beginning of the reign the engravers upon whom the work of engraving the coin dies rested were Croker and his apprentice Bull. James Roettier had been dismissed in 1697 as mentioned earlier, and his brother Norbert, who had been accused of ‘playing tricks’ with William III’s portrait on the halfpence of William and Mary in 1694, had taken little active part in coinage ever since. The sketches from which the coinage of Anne was engraved were probably the work of Sir Godfrey Kneller as a portrait in oils by this artist is very similar to that on the first coins. A newspaper of that period (The Postman) mentioned in April 1702 that ‘..... the Queen had lately had her picture drawn by Sir Godfrey Kneller in order to grave an impress for her coronation medals and coin’.

178

ANNE 1702-14 Croker was responsible for the engraving of most of the coinage dies, but his apprentice Bull and also one Gabriel Leclerk were appointed Assistant Engravers in 1705 and the former may have been responsible for some of the reverses as the task was often performed by an under-engraver at this time. Bull in fact engraved many of the reverses for Croker’s medals of Anne. Little is known of Leclerk and he is not thought to have played an active part in the engraving of coinage dies – he left the Mint in 1709. It is, as in the previous reign, almost impossible to differentiate between the work of Bull and Croker due to the lack of contemporary records, but the former may have been responsible for the portrait on the 5 guineas of 1711, which differs in style from the other coins. After the Union in 1707, it became the task of the Mint in Edinburgh to call in and convert into United Kingdom coin all the old Scottish money. Puncheons for the making of dies were supplied by the Tower Mint and in a Warrant of June, the Master of the Edinbugh Mint was ordered to ‘cause the ......... engraver to make new dyes’ from these Tower Puncheons and ‘ ...... to make new puncheons and to use them for making dyes’ which should be ‘perfectly lyke the monies coined in .... the Tower’. Over half the bullion was coined into shillings and sixpences and this naturally caused more wear and tear on the dies for these denominations than those for the crown and halfcrown. This most probably accounts for the ‘Edinburgh’ bust on the small coins; this was undoubtedly an effort on the part of James Clerk, the then Scottish engraver, after Croker’s puncheons for the second and third bust shillings and the ordinary sixpences had become exhausted. An extract from Treasury papers of 1711 states that Clerk and his assistant Cave ‘did .... make puncheons .... for small coynes, viz. foure pence, three pence, two pence and one penny, etc.’ They were asking for an increase in salary in respect of their ‘extraordinary trouble during the great coinage’. Little is known of the Maundy coins. There is however a slight change in portaiture on the small coins of 1706-7, but one cannot ascribe these with any certainty to the Mint at Edinburgh. (P.A.Rayner, 1949)

179

ANNE 1702-14

CROWNS OBVERSES

First bust VIGO below

First bust Plain below

Second bust Plain below

Second bust E below

Third bust Plain below 180

ANNE 1702-14

CROWNS REVERSES Before union crowns with interiors

Reverse 1 Plain in angles

J type 1 Straight 7

Reverse 2 Plumes in angles

After union crowns without interiors

Reverse 3 Roses & plumes in angles

Script 1 & 7

Reverse 4 Plain angles

Reversed Z type 1 Smaller O8

Reverse 5 Plumes in angles

Large O & 8 over 7

181

Reverse 6 Roses & plumes in angles

ANNE 1702-14

CROWNS BEFORE UNION WITH SCOTLAND LONDON MINT Leg. BR FRA Type Leg. Rev.

A.

Leg.

1p

1.

Edge

First bust, the two stray curls on top are low, VIGO• below ANNA • DEI • GRATIA • Single crowned cruciform shields as before, with the Star of the Garter in the centre. Plain in angles 17 03•MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REG• (pellets) (Note; no stops after MAG FRA HIB) DECVS ET TVTAMEN ANNO REGNI TERTIO

Type Rev.

B. 2.

As before, but, without VIGO below bust As before, but with Plumes in the angles

Type Rev.

C. 3.

As type B As before, but with Roses and Plumes alternately in the angles

A/1.

First bust, VIGO• below / Rev. 1 – plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG BR • FRA ET • HIB REG • Spink 3576

ESC 1340

1341

N

99

1703

TERTIO

B/2.

First bust, plain below / Rev. 2 – Plumes in angles Leg. punc. – MAG BR • FRA ET • HIB REG • Spink 3577 (7 strings) R2 100 QVINTO (5)

C/3. 1342 1343

(Old ESC)

Edge year

1705

1706 1707

Varieties

R

Date

(7 strings)

(3)

First bust, plain below / Rev. 3 – Roses and Plumes in angles Leg. punc. – MAG BR • FRA ET • HIB REG • Spink 3578 (6 strings) R 101 QVINTO (5) (7,8 strings) C 102 (6) SEXTO

182

ANNE 1702-14

CROWNS AFTER UNION WITH SCOTLAND Leg. BRI FR Type

D.

Rev.

4.

Leg.

2

Second bust, the two stray curls on top are taller, the head is also at least 1 mm. broader. Letter E (Edinburgh mint) below bust ‘After Union’ reverse; Cruciform shields, but the top and bottom shields have the English and Scottish arms impaled, and the shield on the right bears the French arms (3 lis) and the left one the Irish harp. Plain in the angles Reads BRI FR

Type Rev.

E. 4.

Second bust as before, but without the letter E below (Tower) As before, plain in angles

Type Rev.

F. 5.

As type E As before, with plumes in the angles

Type Rev.

G. 6.

Third bust, hair more wiry, plain below As before, but roses and plumes in the angles

LONDON MINT Reverse punctuation as shown

ESC 1344

1345

E/4.

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG BRI : FR • ET • HIB : REG : Spink 3601

Date

Edge year

(7)

R

(Old ESC)

N

104

SEPTIMO

E/4.

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG BRI : FR ET HIB : REG : Spink 3601 104 (9 strings) N SEPTIMO (7)

1707

1708 F/5.

1347

(9 strings)

1707

E/4. 1346

Varieties

1708

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI : FR • ET • HIB : REG : Spink 3601 105 (8,9 strings, some with twin ends) N SEPTIMO (7) Second bust, plain below / Rev. 5 - plumes in the angles Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI : FR • ET • HIB : REG : Spink 3602 108 (8,9 strings) S SEPTIMO (7) 183

ANNE 1702-14

CROWNS F/5var. Second bust, plain below / Rev. 5 - plumes in the angles Error with before Union legend reads BR • FRA ESC 1348

1349

(Old ESC)

R7

108A

Edge year

1708

SEPTIMO

G/6.

Third bust, wiry hair, plain below / Rev. 7 - roses and plumes Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI • FR • ET • HIB • REG • Spink 3603 (8 strings) N 109 DVODECIMO (12)

1713

Varieties

R

Date

(7)

(Recorded by Rayner but not traced)

EDINBURGH MINT D/4. 1350

1707 D/4.

1351

1707 D/4.

1352

1707 D/4.

1353

1707 D/4.

1354 1355

1707 1708 D/4.

1356

1708

Second bust, E below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI : FR • ET : HIB : REG : Spink 3600 (10 strings) (6) C2 103 SEXTO Second bust, E below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI : FR • ET • HIB : REG : Spink 3600 (9,13 strings) (6) C2 103 SEXTO Second bust, E below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI : FR : ET • HIB : REG : Spink 3600 (? strings) (6) C2 103 SEXTO Second bust, E below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI : FR ET HIB : REG : Spink 3600 (13 strings) (6) C2 103 SEXTO Second bust, E below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles Leg. punc. – MAG : BRI : FR : ET • HIB : REG : Spink 3600 (11 strings) R6 103A SEPTIMO (7) 107 (9,11,12 strings) S SEPTIMO (7) 8 over 7 M over E in SEPTIMO Second bust, E below / Rev. 4 - plain in angles, Z-type 1 in date Leg. punc. – MAG BRI • FR ET • HIB REG • Spink 3600 SEPTIMO (7) Straight 7, small 08 (7 strings) N 106

184

ANNE, 1702-14

HALFCROWNS As crowns

(B) 1st bust VIGO •

(A) 1st bust

(C) 1st bust E

(D) 2nd bust

REVERSE - BEFORE UNION

(1) Plain

(2) Plumes

(3) Rose & plumes

REVERSES - AFTER UNION

(4) Plain

(5) Plumes

(6) Rose & plumes

J type 1 in date

Z type 1 in date

4 over 3

185

ANNE, 1702-14

HALFCROWNS Obv.

A.

First bust, left, short length of dress showing over her right shoulder, square top end to ribbon, tied in a bow, plain below As the crown, with letters in GRATIA widely spaced

B.

As before, with VIGO• below bust

C.

As before, with letter E (Edinburgh Mint) below bust

D.

Second bust, with subtle changes to hair style, longer length of dress showing over her right shoulder, bevel top end to ribbon blends with the hair above, a small butterfly shape curl protrudes above the hair line, V-shape ties As before, but the letters in GRATIA closer together

Leg.

Leg. Rev. Leg.

1.

Before Union types As the crown, with individual arms in each shield, plain in angles Reads BR FRA

2.

As before, but with plumes in the angles

3.

As before, but with roses and plumes alternately in the angles

4. Leg.

After Union types English & Scottish arms impaled in the top and bottom shields, French on the right and Irish left. Plain in angles As the crown, reading BRI FR

5.

Similar, but with Plumes in the angles

6.

Similar, but with Roses & Plumes in alternate angles J type figure 1s in date for London dies A reversed Z type 1s in date for Edinburgh dies Note; some rare Edinburgh dies have a J type 1 in date

186

ANNE, 1702-14

HALFCROWNS BEFORE UNION WITH SCOTLAND LONDON MINT BR : FRA A/1. ESC 1357

1358

Date

4

R

568

First bust, VIGO below / Rev. 1 – As before Leg. punc. – MAG: BR:FRA• ET•HIB• REG: Spink 3580 (6,7 strings) N 569 (3) VIGO below bust TERTIO

1703

1704

1705

1706 1707 — A/3.

1264 1265

(7 strings)

(3)

(Old ESC)

R

B/1.

A/3. 1361 1362 1363

Varieties

TERTIO

A/2s. 1360

Edge year

1703

A/2c. 1359

First bust, plain below / Rev. 1 - Plain in angles, colons in leg. Leg. punc. – MAG: BR:FRA• ET•HIB: REG: Spink 3579

1707 —

First bust, plain below / Rev. 2 - Plumes in angles, colons in leg. Leg. punc. – MAG: BR:FRA• ET•HIB• REG: Spink 3581 (7 strings) R2 570 (3) TERTIO First bust, plain below / Rev. 2 - Plumes in angles, stops in leg. Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3581 (8 strings) 571 R QVINTO (5) First bust, plain below / Rev. 2 – Roses & plumes in angles, Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3582 572 (8,9 strings) S QVINTO (5) See note 1 (6,8 strings) N 573 (6) SEXTO — No stops on reverse R4 — First bust, plain below / Rev. 2 – Roses & plumes in angles, Leg. punc. – MAG• BR:FRA• ET•HI B• REG: Spink 3582 (6) Wide colon after REG: (6 strings) N 573 SEXTO — Narrow colon after REG: (8 strings N 573A —

187

ANNE, 1702-14

HALFCROWNS AFTER UNION WITH SCOTLAND LONDON MINT BRI • FR Standard punctuation; MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• D/4. Date

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 4 - Plain in angles Edge year

Varieties

Spink 3604 R

(Old ESC)

N R4

574

R6

574B

ESC 1366 1367

1707 —

SEPTIMO —

(7) —

1368







1369

A/5. 1708

First bust , plain below / Rev. 5 - Plumes in angles Spink 3606 (8 strings) R 578 SEPTIMO (7)

1370 1371

D/4. 1708 1709

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 4 - Plain in angles Spink 3604 (7,8 strings) C 577 SEPTIMO (7) (7,8 strings) N 579 OCTAVO (8)

D/6.

Second bust, plain below Rev. 4 - Roses & plumes in alternate angles Spink 3607 581 (9) ++++ in edge leg. (7 strings) S NONO 2 Inverted As for Vs on edge R 581A — — (11) ++++ in edge leg. (7 strings) C 582 UNDECIMO DVODECIMO (12) Inverted As for Vs on edge N 584

(8 strings)

Extra T on edge before TUTAMEN Piedfort wt. 20.63g

(8 strings)

574A

1372 1373 1374 1375

1710 — 1712 —

1376

D/4. Second bust, plain below / Rev. 4 - Plain in angles Spink 3604 (7,8 strings) 583 S 1713 DVODECIMO (12) D/6.

1377 1378

1714 —

Second bust, plain below Rev. 4 - Roses & plumes in alternate angles Spink 3607 (7 strings) N 585 (13) D. TERTIO R4 585A — — 4 over 3 4 + cross on edge (6 strings)

188

ANNE, 1702-14

HALFCROWNS EDINBURGH MINT 1379 1380 1381

C/4. 1707 — —

First bust, E below / Rev. 4 - Plain in angles Spink 3605 (6,7 strings) C2 575 (6) SEXTO Reading unclear TËTAMEN (NoteËfor V) (7 strgs) R4 (7 strings) R5 575A (7) SEPTIMO

1382 1383 1384

C/4. 1708 — 1709

First bust, E below / Rev. 4 - Plain in angles Spink 3605 2 576 (6,7,9 strings) R (7) J type figure 1 SEPTIMO 576A — J type figure 1 (6,7,9 strings) R — (8) Z type 9 stars on edge (7 strings) R3 580 OCTAVO

1 2 3 4

The style of the crowns above the shields on 1706 and 1707 roses and plumes varies. On Edinburgh halfcrown’s of 1707 the figure 1 in date is always a J-type, as on all coins of the London mint. Edinburgh coins of 1708 usually have a local rev. die with a Z-type 1. Tower die with a J-type figure 1 on coins of 1708 are rare On this coin the 1 in the date appears to be J over Z or Z over J. This over date is very difficult to discern.

189

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS BUSTS

First

Second

Third

Fourth

A – 1st bust Plain below

C – 2nd bust Plain below

G – 3rd bust Plain below

I – 4th bust Plain below

B – 1st bust VIGO· below

D – 2nd bust VIGO· below

H – 3rd bust E below

5th bust local Edinburgh dies

E – 2nd bust E below

F – 2nd bust EË below

J – 5th bust EË below

See sub-varieties of Edinburgh bust later

190

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS REVERSES BEFORE UNION BR • FRA

1 Plain

2 Roses & Plumes

3 Plumes

AFTER UNION BRI • FR

4 Plain

Obv.

5 Roses & Plumes

6 Plumes

Blundered crown over B

3 over 2

A.

First bust, draped, left, plain below, similar to the half-crown, square top ended wide ribbon tied in a large bow with long outward curving ties, two thick round curls above ribbon

B.

First bust with VIGO· below 191

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS

Rev.

C.

Second bust, subtle changes to hair style, thinner ribbon, with a bevelled top end, blending with the hair above, two thin wispy curls protrude above the hair line, smaller bow with shorter ties

D.

Second bust with VIGO· below, the letters in G R A T I A are more widely spaced than on the first bust

E.

Second bust with E Edinburgh Mint below

F.

Second bust with EË below

G.

Third bust with changes to hair style; wider ribbon cutting into the hair creating a distinctive notch above, large front curls conceal the top end and one curl half crosses the middle, tied in a large bow with v-shape downward curving ties

H.

Third bust with letter E below

I.

Fourth bust, plain below, similar to third bust, but more changes to hair style; curls are more snake-like, especially above the ribbon and the ties are together

J.

Fifth bust with EË below, Edinburgh mint, local dies

1.

Before Union; Leg. reads BR FRA As the crown, with individual arms in each shield, plain in angles

2.

As before, but with plumes in the angles

3.

As before, but with roses and plumes alternately in the angles

4.

After Union; Leg. reads BRI FR English & Scottish arms impaled in the top and bottom shields, French on the right and Irish left. Plain in angles

5.

Similar, but with plumes in the angles

6.

Similar, but with roses & plumes in alternate angles

192

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS BEFORE UNION WITH SCOTLAND LONDON MINT BR • FRA Standard legend & punctuation unless stated ET•HIB REG• MAG BR•FRA A/1.

First bust, plain below / Rev. 1 – Plain in angles

Date

Varieties, comments etc.

Spink 3583 R

(Old ESC)

S

1128

ESC 1385

1702 A/2. 1702

First bust, plain below / Rev. 2 – Plumes in angles

1386

B/1. 1702

First bust, VIGO• below / Rev. 1 – Plain in angles

1387 1388

D/1. 1703

Second bust, VIGO• below / Rev. 1 – Plain in anglesSpink 3586 (5,6 strings) 1131 S

C/1. 1704

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 1 – Plain in angles

1389 1390

C/2. 1704

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 2 – Plumes in angles. Spink 3588 (6 strings) R2 1133

C/1. 1705

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 1 – Plain in angles

1391 1392

C/2. 1705

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 2 – Plumes in angles Spink 3588 (6 strings) 1135 S

C/3.

Second bust, plain below Rev. 3 – Roses & plumes in angles

1393 1394

(6 strings)

(6 strings)

(6 strings)

(6 strings)

(6 strings)

(6 strings)

1705 1707

(6 strings)

193

Spink 3584 1129 R Spink 3585 1130 S

Spink 3587 R5 1132

Spink 3587 R2 1134

Spink 3589 1136 S 1137 R

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS AFTER UNION WITH SCOTLAND LONDON MINT BRI • FR Standard legend & punctuation unless stated ET•HIB REG• MAG BRI•FR G/4.

Third bust, plain below / Rev. 4 – Plain in angles

Date

Varieties, comments etc.

Spink 3610 R

(Old ESC)

N

1141

ESC 1395

1707

1396

G/5. 1707

Third bust, plain below / Rev. 5 – Plumes in angles Spink 3611 (6 strings) S 1142

1397

C/4. 1708

Second bust, plain below / Rev. 4 – Plain in angles Spink 3613A R7 1146A

C/6.

Second bust, plain below Rev. 6 – Roses & plumes in angles

(8 strings)

(6 strings)

Spink 3613 R3 1146

1398

1708 G/4. 1708

Third bust, plain below / Rev. 4 – Plain in angles

1399 1400

G/5. 1708

Third bust, plain below / Rev. 5 – Plumes in angles Spink 3611 (7 strings) N 1148

G/6.

Third bust, plain below Rev. 6 – Roses & plumes in angles

(6 strings)

(6 strings)

1401

1708 G/4. 1709

Third bust, plain below / Rev. 4 – Plain in angles

1402

G/6.

Third bust, plain below Rev. 6 – Roses & plumes in angles No stops after MAG FR HIB

1403

1710

194

Spink 3610 C2 1147

Spink 3614 R2 1149

(6,7 strings)

Spink 3610 C2 1154

(6 strings)

Spink 3614 N 1155

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS ESC 1404

I/4.

Fourth bust, plain below / Rev. 4 – Plain in angles

Date

Varieties, comments etc.

1710

Pattern or Proof. Plain edge, wt. 123grs

I/6.

Fourth bust, plain below Rev. 6 – Roses & plumes in angles

(7 strings)

(6 strings)

Spink 3618 R

(Old ESC)

R7

1155A

Spink 3617 R2 1156 R6 1156A

1405 1406

1710 ---

1407

G/4. 1711

Third bust, plain below / Rev. 4 – Plain in angles Spink 3610 (6 strings) R4 1157 (Mule? late use of 3rd bust die?)

I/4. 1711 ---

Fourth bust, plain below / Rev. 4 – Plain in angles

1408 1409

I/6. 1410 1411 1412 1413

1712 1713 1714 1714

Proof with plain edge (Punctuation & strings uncertain)*

*Listed but not traced

(5,6 strings)

Plain edge

Spink 3618 C3 1158

(Punctuation & strings uncertain)

Fourth bust, plain below Rev. 6 – Roses & plumes in angles (6 strings)

3 over 2

(6 strings) (6 strings)

4 over 3

(6 strings)

Spink 3617 N 1159 1160 S N 1161 R3 1161A

EDINBURGH MINT The following images and data are reproduced courtesy of Roderick Farey, Nigel Prevost and John Howie Taken from their in-depth die study: “A Guide to the Die Varieties of Edinburgh Shillings 1707-9” Published in S.N.C. Sept. 2013, pp. 79-81 “and January 2014, p. 125 See also “Local bust Edinburgh Shillings of Queen Anne” By Roderick Farey in Coin News April 2014, pp.35-36 In view of their generosity all recorded varieties are listed verbatim All coins struck at the Edinburgh Mint were distinguished by the addition of E or EË under the Queen’s effigy, although dies, puncheons and other stamps, including letters, had been supplied from the Mint in the Tower of London. Permission was granted for the engravers, James Clark and Joseph Cave, to 195

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS produce further puncheons and dies and in a petition dated 17th January 1711 they included a claim for payment in respect of one shilling obverse and reverse. The authors are of the opinion that this is the Edinburgh bust, which continued to be used in 1709 after the departure of the supervising moneyers from London. After an examination of many Edinburgh shillings, the authors believe that they have identified five local dies which seem to have used existing puncheons and have then had the top curls modified on individual dies. It is proposed that these varieties are classified as Edinburgh local die varieties 1 to 5, as follows:(Fig. 1) Second bust; Two tall fine curls on top of head, pointing in opposite directions; the hole in the hair knot being high and the ties to the fillet curving upwards at the ends (Note; this bust also appears on coins struck at the London Mint) (Fig. 2) Third bust; Two low curls still pointing in the opposite directions on top of the head; The hole in the hair knot is low and the ties to then fillet are thicker and point downwards at the ends (Note; this bust also appears on coins struck at the London Mint) (Fig. 3) Edinburgh bust; Two taller curls on the top of the head but which both point back in the same direction, the hole in the hair knot is low and the ties to the fillet are slightly shorter and both point downwards at the ends (Note; this bust only appears on coins struck at the Edinburgh Mint) 196

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS KA - (Fig. 4) Edinburgh local variety 1; This seems to be modified from the 2nd bust, where the two top curls have been recut, producing the appearance of two much bushier less clearly defined curls with what might be a tiny third curl in the centre, the hole in the hair knot and the ties to the fillet match those for the 2nd bust

KB - (Fig. 5) Edinburgh local variety 2; This is also similar to the 2nd bust, with the two top curls being more globular at the ends and showing an incuse line in the middle of each. The hole in the hair knot and the ties to the fillet again match the 2nd bust

KC – (Fig. 6) Edinburgh local variety 3; Similar to variety 2, but the front curl lacks the globular end associated with that variety and the incuse line in the front curl is more pronounced and wider towards the end

197

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS KD - (Fig. 7) Edinburgh local variety 4; Bushier less clearly defined curls over the fillet, facing left and right with the right hand curl having a cone like appearance, the hole in the hair knot is low and the ties to the fillet curve downwards in the manner of the 3rd bust

KE - (Fig. 8) Edinburgh local variety 5; Bushier less clearly defined curls over the fillet, facing left and right but the right hand curl lacking the cone like appearance of variety 4, the hole in the hair knot is low and the ties curve downwards

198

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS

No stops on rev. slanting date

London rev. die axis 45°

Reversed Z-type 1, narrow 0 & large 9 Note; all the Edinburgh local varieties KA-KD (figs 1-5) have the EË mintmark and appear to have the D of DEI and the G of GRATIA, in particular, of slightly narrower aspect than on coins bearing the E mintmark (see fig. 9 & 10). Using the technique of overlaying transparencies, the 1709 Edinburgh bust shilling with the E below has been found to be from the same die as that with EËbelow, the missing Ë being due to die filling. EDINBURGH LOCAL REVERSES 7.

Date with J type 1 unless stated

8.

Date with reversed Z type 1 199

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS Standard legend & punctuation unless stated MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HIB• REG•

ESC 1414 1415 1416

E/4.

Second bust, E below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date

Date

Varieties, comments etc.

S

1138

E/7.

Second bust, E below Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & J type 1 in date Spink 3608A R4 1138A Narrow shields. No stops rev., faint stops obv. (6 strings) Crescent shaped harp in Irish shield Narrow slanting figures in date Narrow shields. Slanting one in date R2 1138B Irish shield with harp of 1695-1696 (5 strings) No stops after G, R and B

1418



F/4. 17O7 — — 17O7 — KA/4. 17O7

F/7. 1425

(Old ESC)

Wide shields. No stops after G, R and B Narrow shields Proof with plain edge (All stops)

1707

1424

R

17O7 — —

1417

1419 1420 1421 1422 1423

Spink 3608

1707

(6,7 strings)

Second bust, EË below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date Wide shields. No stops after G, R and B Wide shields. Rev. die axis 45º (All stops) Narrow shields. Possibly no stop after G Narrow shields. Flawed 0 in date like a Q Narrow shields. No stops obv.

1138C

(6 strings) (6 strings)

(6 strings) (6 strings)

R6

1139

Spink 3609 R2 1140 1140iv R 1140i R 1140ii R 3 1140iii R

Edinburgh local bust variety 1, EË below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date Spink 3609 Wide shields. No stops after G, R and B (6 strings) R2 1140A (An apparent variety with a saltire in place of Garter star rays is due to die filling) Second bust, EË below Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & J type 1 in date Spink 3609A R2 1140iv Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B Crescent shaped harp in Irish shield Slanting one and seven in date (5,6 strings) 200

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS H/4. ESC 1426 1427 1428

1429

R

(Old ESC)

17O7 — 17O7

Wide shields. No stops after G, R & B (5,6,7 strings) Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B Narrow shields. Flawed 0 in date like a Q (6 strings

N R R

1143

H/7.

Third bust, E below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date Spink 3612A N 1143iii Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B Crescent shaped harp in Irish shield Slanting one and seven in date (5 strings)

1707

1708

KB/8. 1431

1708 F/8.

1432

1708

1433

— F/7.

1434

1708 KC/8.

1435

Spink 3612

Varieties, comments etc.

Date

F/7. 1430

Third bust, E below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date

1708

1143i 1143ii

Second bust, EË below Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & J type 1 in date Spink 3609A 1145A R Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B Thinner one and seven in date. One over faint (5,6 strings) 7 and 8 over 7 Edinburgh local bust variety 2, EË below Spink 3609A Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & reversed Z type 1 in date Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B (6 strings) R2 1145B Second bust, EË below Spink 3609A Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & reversed Z type 1 in date R5 1145C Narrow shields. No rays to Garter star (5 strings) No stops after G, R and B As before with rays to Garter star R2 1145E Second bust, EË below Spink 3609A Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & J type 1 in date R4 1145D Narrow shields. No rays to Garter star (5 strings) No stops after G, R and B Edinburgh local bust variety 3, EË below Spink 3609A Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & reversed Z type 1 in date Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B (6 strings) R2 1145F Coins showing un-barred letters, are not true varieties but due to the ‘filled dies’

201

ANNE, 1702-14

SHILLINGS H/4. ESC 1436

Date

J/4. 17O8 J/8. 1708 — KD/4. 17O8

KE/8. 1708 J/8. 1444 1445

R

1150

Third bust, E below Spink 3612A Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & reversed Z type 1 in date N 1150A Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B 8 over 7 (6 strings) As before but seven in date is longer N 1150B



1443

(Old ESC)

H/8.

1438

1442

R

Wide shields. No stops after G, R and B

1708

1440 1441

Spink 3612

Varieties, comments etc.

17O8

1437

1439

Third bust, E below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date

1709 —

Fifth (‘Edinburgh’) bust, EË below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date Wide shields. No stops after G, R and B

(6 strings)

(5,6 strings)

Spink 3615 R2 1151

Fifth (‘Edinburgh’) bust, EË below Spink 3615A Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & reversed Z type 1 in date 1151A Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B (6 strings) R R2 1151D Narrower split shields, with wider borders especially the wider French & Irish shields(7 strings) Edinburgh local bust variety 4, EË below London rev. wide O & J type 1 in date Spink 3615B R2 1145B Wide shields. No stops after G, R and B Faint or no stop after ANNA. Note that all known specimens have a doubled row of pearls to French (5 strings) shield and B of BRI is over a lower B Edinburgh local bust variety 5, EË below Spink 3615C Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & reversed Z type 1 in date R2 1151C Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B No stop after ANNA (6 strings) Fifth (‘Edinburgh’) bust, EË below Spink 3616 Edinburgh local rev. narrow 0 & reversed Z type 1 in date 1152 Narrow shields. No stops after G, R and B (6 strings) R 1153 As before but, appears to be only E below bust due R to the filling of Ë

1708E (without star) second bust formerly ESC 1144 R2 has been delisted because all specimens studied indicate a filled die by showing traces of the star

202

ANNE, 1702-14

SIXPENCES Similar to the other denominations

BUSTS

A VIGO below

B Plain below

C Small E below (proof)

D Large E below

E EËbelow

F – Edinburgh bust EËbelow

203

ANNE, 1702-14

SIXPENCES REVERSES

1 Plain in angles early shields

2 Plumes in angles early shields

3 Plumes in angles late shields

4 Rose & Plumes in angles with late shields

5 Plain in angles with wide shields BR FRA

6 Plain in angles with wide shields BRI FR

204

ANNE, 1702-14

SIXPENCES REVERSES

High stop after 17•

HI·B 7 Plumes in angles with wide shields

8 Roses & plumes in angles with wide shields

Shield tops

Indented (1703-5)

Convex (1705-7)

8 over 7

French lis

Indented After Union

205

Small with a gap below

Large no gap below

ANNE, 1702-14

SIXPENCES OBVERSES A.

First bust, left, with VIGO• below hair tied with ribbon, curls above lean forward

B.

As before, but plain below

C.

As before with E Edinburgh mint below

D.

As before with a larger E below

E.

As before with E Ë below

F

‘Edinburgh bust’ taller than first with E Ë below, subtle changes in hair style; top twin curls above ribbon stand upright, etc REVERSES BEFORE UNION - BR • FRA

1.

Standard crowned cruciform shields with individual arms, plain in angles, early shields; same width as crowns, with indented tops

2.

As before with plumes in angles, early shields

3.

Similar with plumes in angles, but late shields; same width as crowns, with convex tops

4.

As before, but roses & plumes in alternate angles, late shields AFTER UNION - BRI • FR Arms of England & Scotland impaled on top and bottom shields

5.

As ‘1’, but wide shields to accommodate the impaled arms and Before Union leg. BR FRA (error)

6.

As before, but with correct After Union leg. BRI FR

7.

As before, but with plumes in angles, wide shields

8.

As before, but with roses & plumes in alternate angles 206

ANNE, 1702-14

SIXPENCES BEFORE UNION WITH SCOTLAND LONDON MINT – Legend reads BR • FRA

ESC 1446

A/1.

VIGO• below bust / Rev. 1 - Plain in angles with early shields Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REG• Spink 3590

Date

Varieties etc

B/1. 1447

1705 B/2.

1448

1705 B/3.

1449

1705 B/4.

1450 1451

(4,5 strings)

1703

1705 1707

R

(Old ESC)

C

1582

Plain below bust / Rev. 1 - Plain in angles with early shields Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REG• Spink 3591 (5 strings) R2 1583 Plain below bust / Rev. 2 - Plumes in angles with early shields Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REG• Spink 3592 (5 strings) N 1584 Plain below bust / Rev. 3 - Plumes in angles with late shields Leg. punc. – MAG BR FRA ET•HIB REG• Spink 3593 (5 strings) R 1584A Plain below bust Rev. 4 – Roses & plumes in angles with late shields Leg. punc. – MAG BR•FRA ET•HIB REG• Spink 3594 (4,5 strings) 1585 S (4 strings) 1586 S

AFTER UNION WITH SCOTLAND LONDON MINT - Legend reads BRI • FR B/5. 1452

1707 B/6.

1453

1707

Plain below bust / Rev. 5 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BR•FRA• •ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3619 Error; Before Union leg. & extra stop •ET• (5 strings) R2 1587A Plain below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3619 Correct After Union leg. & extra stop •17• (5,6 strings) N 1587 207

ANNE, 1702-14

SIXPENCES

ESC 1454

B/6.

Plain below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3619

Date

Varieties etc

B/7. 1455

1707 B/6.

1456

1708 B/7.

1457 1458

1708 1709 B/8.

1459

1710 B/6.

1460 1461

(5,6 strings)

1707

1711 —

R

(Old ESC)

N

1587

Plain below bust / Rev. 7 – Plumes in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3619 (5,6 strings) S 1590 Plain below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3619 (5,7 strings) 1591 S Plain below bust / Rev. 7 – Plumes in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3619 (5,6 strings) R 1593 (6 strings) R 1594 Plain below bust / Rev. 8 – Roses & plumes in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3623 1595 (6 strings) R See note 1 Plain below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3619 (6 strings) C2 1596 Small lis 2.2 mm Large lis 2.6 mm (5 strings) C2 1596A

AFTER UNION WITH ENGLAND EDINBURGH MINT - E or E Ë below bust C/6.

E below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG: BRI:FR: ET•HIB: REG: Spink 3620 (7 strings) S 1588

1462

1707

C/6.

E below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3620 (6 strings) S 1588 1707

1463

208

ANNE, 1702-14

SIXPENCES

ESC 1464 1465

C/6.

E below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HIB• REG: Spink 3620

Date

Varieties etc

1707 1707 D/6.

1466

1707 C/6.

1467

1708 E/6.

1468

1708 E/6.

1469

1708 E/6.

1470

1708 E/6.

1471

1708

(6 strings)

Proof, with plain edge

wt. 3.15g

1472 1

1709

(Old ESC)

S R4

1588 1589

E larger than normal below bust Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3620 1588A Note; letter E as used on larger denominations (7str) R E below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3620 (5,6 strings) R 1592 E Ë below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3622 (6 strings) 1593 R E Ë below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HIB• REG• Spink 3622 (6 strings) 1593 R E Ë below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG• BRI•FR• ET•HI•B REG• Spink 3622 1593 R Note; stop after HI• but not B (5 strings) E Ë below bust / Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3621 R2 1593A J type 1 in date and 8 over 7 (Uncertain if no stops on obverse)

F/6.

(7 strings)

R

(4? strings)

‘Edinburgh bust’ taller than normal first bust with EË below, Rev. 6 – Plain in angles with wide shields Leg. punc. – MAG BRI•FR ET•HIB REG• Spink 3622 1593B (5 strings) R Z type 1 in date

“Coins of 1705 occur mainly weakly struck. It is difficult to find well struck coins in better than fine condition. (P.A. Rayner) This coin is notoriously difficult to obtain in good condition and is usually weakly struck: a piece in better than ‘VF’ would be at least R2. (P.A. Rayner)

209

ANNE, 1702-14

MAUNDY SETS True sets are very much rarer than indicated Made up ones are usually obvious

ESC 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479

Spink 3599 R2 2393 R2 2394 2395 S 3 2396 R 2397 R 2398 R 2399 R

1703 1705 1706 1708 1709 1710 1713

GROATS or FOURPENCES

A Small face

B Larger face 210

C Re-engraved hair

ANNE, 1702-14

MAUNDY GROATS

1c BR FR Obv.

1b BR FRA

1a BRI FR

2a BRI FR

A.

First bust, small face, curls at back of head point downwards

B.

Second bust, larger face, curls point upwards

C.

As before, but with re-engraved hair

Rev.

1. 2.

Small crown with decorated arches above the figure 4 Larger crown with pearls on arches, large serifs on figure 4

Leg.

a. b. c.

Variations of rev. legend MAG · BRI · FR · ET · HIB · REG ― BR FRA ― ― ― ― ― FR ― ― ―

A/1c. ESC 1480 1481 1482

Date

1703 1704 —

First bust, small face Rev. 1c - Small crown, decorated arches, BR FR Varieties, comments etc.

R

(Old ESC)

p. 155,136

R N N

1886

p. 155,139(i)

No stop on obverse

Spink 3595

Robinson

1887 1887A

(continued)

211

ANNE, 1702-14

MAUNDY GROATS B/1c. ESC 1483

Date

1706 B/1a.

1485 1486

1708 1709 B/2a.

1487

1710 C/2a.

1488

1710 B/2a.

1489

1713 C/2a.

1490 1491

Varieties, comments etc.

1705 B/1b.

1484

Second bust, larger face Rev. 1c - Small crown, decorated arches, BR FR Spink 3595A

1713 1713

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 155,143

R

1888

Second bust Rev. 1b - Small crown, decorated arches, BR FRA Spink 3595A p. 155,147 N 1889 Second bust Rev. 1a - Small crown, decorated arches, BRI FR Spink 3595A p. 155,153 N 1890 p. 155,157 N 1891 Second bust Rev. 2a - larger crown, pearls on arches, BRI FR Spink 3595B p. 155,161(i) R2 1892 Re-engraved hair (Second bust) Rev. 2a - larger crown, pearls on arches, BRI FR Spink 3595C p. 155,161(ii) N 1892A Second bust Rev. 2a - larger crown, pearls on arches, BRI FR Spink 3595B (This may well be one of the following two varieties) N 1893 Re-engraved hair (Second bust) Rev. 2a - larger crown, pearls on arches, BRI FR Spink 3595C p. 155,166(i) N 1893A p. 155,166(ii) Very close date N 1893B

PATTERNS of GROATS 1492 1493

E. 1711 1711

Edinburgh bust with letter E below (Unique) In silver In copper (Unique) 212

p. 155,162 p. 155,162

ANNE, 1702-14

MAUNDY THREEPENCES

Obv.

Rev.

A

B

C

a BRI FR

b BR FRA

c BR FR

A.

Bust 1, broad bust, top tie points slightly outwards

B.

Bust 2, taller and narrower, ties point more downwards

C.

Bust 3, similar to ‘A’, larger, hair more finely engraved

1.

One type, but with three different abbreviations of legend (See groats) and subtle differences in alignment 213

ANNE, 1702-14

MAUNDY THREEPENCES A/1c.

First bust / Rev. 1c – leg. BR FR

Spink 3596

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

1703 —

7 of date above edge of crown 7 not above edge of crown (Not traced)

p. 155,135(i)

R R3

2005

p. 155,135(ii)

B/1c. 1704 1705

Second bust / Rev. 1c – leg. BR FR

1496 1497

B/1b. 1706

Second bust / Rev. 1b – leg. BR FRA

1498

C/1c. 1707

Third bust / Rev. 1c – leg. BR FR

1499

C/1a. 1708 — 1709 — 1710 1713 — —

Third bust / Rev. 1a – leg. BRI FR

1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507

ESC 1494 1495

Date

p. 155,142

Spink 3596A 2007 S 2008 S

p. 155,146

Spink 3596A N 2009

p. 155,149

Spink 3596B N 2010

p. 155,138

Spink 3596B N 2011 2011A R N 2012 p. 155,156(i) N 2012A p. 155,160 N 2013 p. 155,165(i) N 2014 p. 155,165(ii) N 2014A 2014B R p. 155,152

8 over 7 No stop after date Much larger bust Two distinct curls over head Mule with fourpence obverse die

214

2006

ANNE, 1702-14

MAUNDY HALFGROATS or TWOPENCES

Obv. Rev.

1b Only obverse 2a BR FRA BRI FR A. One type only, as groat and threepence, legs. as before 1. Crown to edge of coin, small figure 2 2. Crown within inner circle of legend, large figure 2 A/1b Date

ESC 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515

1703 1704 — — 1705 1706 — 1707

1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522

A/2a 1703 1708 1709 — 1710 1713 —

Rev. 1b – small figure 2, leg. BR FRA Varieties, comments etc.

All date well above crown No stops on obverse

R

(Old ESC)

p. 155,134

R N R R N S S S

2210

(Not traced)

p. 155,137(i)

(Not traced)

p. 155,137(ii) p. 155,141 p. 155,145(i)

No stop after DEI

Spink 3597

Robinson

p. 155,148

Rev. 2a – large figure 2 & crown, leg. BRI FR

2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2215A 2216

Spink 3597A R4 2210A p. 155,151(i) N 2217 p. 155,155(i) 2218 R p. 155,155(ii) 2218A R p. 155,159 N 2219 p. 155,164 N 2220 2220A R

No stop after DEI 3 over 0 215

ANNE, 1702-14

MAUNDY PENNIES Obv. /rev. & legs. as groat Rev.

1a 1b 1c

MAG · BRI · FR · ET · HIB · REG ― BR FRA ― ― ― ― ― FR ― ― ―

A BRI FR A/1b Date

ESC 1523

1703

1524 1525 1526

A/1c 1705 1706 —

1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533

A/1a 1708 1709 — — 1710 1713 —

B BR FRA

C BR FR

Rev. 1b –leg. BR FRA Varieties, comments etc.

Spink 3598 Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 155,133

R

2315

Rev. 1c –leg. BR FR p. 155,140 p. 155,144(i)

0 of date above crown Rev. 1a –leg. BRI FR

p. 155,150

M A G all three letters widely spaced M AG only wide space between M A

p. 155,154(i) p. 155,154(ii) p. 155,158

3 of date over 0 3 of date over 0. No stop after DEI

p. 155,163(i) p. 155,163(ii)

Spink 3598 2316 S 2317 S 2318 S Spink 3598 R3 2319 2320 S 2320A S 2320B S R2 2321 2322 R 2322A R

Note Some of the Robinson’s numbers may be wrongly allocated, if so I apologise (M.B.) See William & Mary Maundy notes

216

GEORGE I 1714-1727 With the accession of House of Brunswick the coinage remained the same except for the changes to the Royal titles and the Royal arms. The titles were abbreviated to; D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D . BRVN . ET . L . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL, which stands for DEI GRATIA MAGNAE BRITANNIAE FRANCIAE ET HIBERNIAE REX FIDEI DEFENSOR BRUNSVICENSIS ET LUNEBURGENSIS DUX SACRI ROMANI IMPERII ARCHI-THESAURIUS ET ELECTOR, or translated, ‘By the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Arch-Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire’. Note; the Fidei Defensor title now appears on the coinage for the first time though it had been enjoyed by British sovereigns ever since it was conferred by the Pope on Henry VIII. We now find the arms of Brunswick Lüneburg in one of the shields. In this reign the bulk of the silver came from importation of very large quantities from the South Sea Company, notorious for the ‘South Sea Bubble’. Lesser amounts were supplied by the ‘Company for smelting down lead’ and a very small amount by the Welsh Copper Company. All the silver obtained from this latter source was coined into shillings, which are fairly rare, and these pieces have the letters WCC below the king’s bust and a Welsh plume and interlinked letter Cs in the angles of the shields on the reverse. With regard to the designers and engravers of this reign, Croker and Bull, who had together been responsible for the greater part of the coinage of Queen Anne, continued in office during this reign, although Bull may have not played a very large part in the engraving the coinage dies. Treasury papers of 1726 suggest that he may have been inactive for a number of years prior to this date, for in dealing with the appointment of John Rollo, an engraver of seals, they state that the Chief Engraver (Croker) had ‘lacked the services of a skilful artist for many years’. Bull must therefore have died some long time before 1726 and a petition by Croker dated January 30th 1728-9 asking that ‘Sigismund Tanner should serve as his apprentice states that Croker ‘his Mat.s first engraver............. being advanced in years’ was ‘ the only one now living who has hitherto made puncheons for heads on the coins’. The same document mentions that one Johann Rudolf Ochs, a Swiss engraver, also aged at that time, had been responsible for the reverse dies on the coins of George I. It seems therefore fairly reasonable, in view of these two pieces of contemporary evidence, to attribute the obverse dies of this coinage to Croker and the reverses to Ochs. (P.A.Rayner, 1949)

217

GEORGE I, 1714-27

CROWNS SOLE BUST

Large rose in angles 1716-20 over-date

Obverse A

Small rose 1720 &1726

Reverse 1 - 1716

8 not over -date

Reverse 1- 1718 Large rose

8 over 6

Reverse 1 – 1718 over 6 Large rose

20 over 18

Reverse 1 – 1720 over 18 Large rose

Not over-date

218

Reverse 2 – 1720 Small rose

GEORGE I, 1714-27

CROWNS

Small rose 1726 Reverse 2 Small rose

Reverse 3 SS C in angles

(All dates illustrated to show subtle differences) Obv. Leg.

A.

Laureate bust, right, wearing armour (cuirassed) GEORGIVS·D˙G·M·B·BR·FR·ET·HIB·REX·F·D· George by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith

Rev.

1.

Small crowns above cruciform shields, quartering legend, Garter star in the centre and large rose and plumes in the angles Clockwise from the top; the arms of England and Scotland conjoined, France, Ireland and the new Hanover Arms; the arms of the Duchy of Brunswick & Lüneburg with the Crown of Charlemagne in the centre 17 16 •BRVN ET•L·DVX S•R•I•A•TH ET•EL• (BRUNSVICENSIS ET LUNEBURGENSIS DUX SACRI ROMANI

Leg.

IMPERII ARCHI-THESAURARIUS

ET ELECTOR)

Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Arch-Treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire and Elector As before, regnal year in words 1716-1720/18

Edge 2.

Similar, but reverse with letters SS C alternately in the angles (South Seas Company) 1723 only

3.

Small Rose and Plumes in the angles, most noticeable in the size of the centre of the roses 1720 and 1726 219

GEORGE I, 1714-27

CROWNS A/1.

Rev.1 – large Rose and Plumes in angles

Date

Edge year

Spink 3639

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

S R4 R R

110

ESC 1540 1541 1542 1543

1716 1718 — 1720

SECVNDO QVINTO — SEXTO

1544

A/3. 1720

Rev.3 - small Rose and Plumes in angles (6) Not over-date SEXTO

1545

A/2. 1723

Rev.2 - SS C alternately in angles (10) DECIMO

1546 1547 1548

A/3. 1726 — —

Rev.3 - small Rose and Plumes in angles Spink 3639A (9s-7hts) R2 115 D. TERTIO (13) R4 115B — — No R in REGNI on edge — — All Ns on edge inverted (9 str) R2 115A

(2) (5) — (6)

(11s-6hts) (11s-6hts)

8 over 6 20 over 18

220

(11s-6hts) (11s-6hts)

111 111A 113

(10s-6hts)

Spink 3639A R2 112

(8s-6hts)

Spink 3640 114 S

GEORGE I, 1714-27

HALFCROWNS Similar to the crowns (Sole obverse) (Proof)

Obv. A

Rev. 1

Rev. 2

Rev. 3

Rev. 4

J-type 1 & Z type 7

Z-type 1 & 7

1720 over 17, Z-type 17

1720 Z-type 1 & 7

Z-type 1 & 7

Retrograde 1 & plain 7

1720 not over-date

1720 over 17 221

GEORGE I, 1714-27

HALFCROWNS Obv.

A.

As the crown

Rev.

1.

Plain in the angles

2.

Roses and plumes in alternate angles

3.

SS C alternately in the angles

4.

As ‘2’, but smaller roses and plumes

A/1.

Rev. 1 – plain in angles

Date

Edge year

Spink 3641

Varieties & comments

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 1549

1715

1550 1551 1552 1553

A/2. 1715 — — —

Rev. 2 – large Roses & plumes in angles Spink 3642 SECVNDO (2) J-type 1 & Z type 7 (8s-6h;9s-6h) R 587 — Minus A in ANNO on edge R3 588B — — Edge leg. in wrong order(8s-7hts) R2 588C — None Plain edge (total collar slippage) R6 588A

1554

1717

TIRTIO

(3)

1555

1720

SEXTO

(6)

1556







None

Pattern with Plain edge

(9s-6hts)

R

5

586

(8s-6hts)

Error TIRTIO for TERTIO (8s-7hts) Z-type 1 & 7 20 over 17 (9s-6hts) Z-type 1 & 7 Date not altered Z-type 1 & 7

S

589

S

590

R3

591

(9s-6hts)

1557 1558

A/3. 1723 —

Rev. 3 – SS C alternately in the angles Spink 3643 592 (7s-6hts) S (10) Z-type 1 & 7 DECIMO 2 592A Minus A in ANNO on edge R — —

1559

A/4. 1726

Rev. 4 – smaller roses and plumes in angles Spink 3644 D.TERTIO (13) Retrograde 1 & plain 7 in date R5 593 (6s-5hts)

All George I halfcrowns are difficult to find in high grades, and 1726 in any grade

222

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SHILLINGS

Obverse A

Obverse B

Obverse C

No stops on obverse

No stops on reverse

Rev. 1 – plain in angles

223

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SHILLINGS

Rev. 2 – roses and plumes in angles

Rev. 3 – plumes and roses in angles

Rev. 5 - Plume and two interlinked Cs alternately in angles

Rev. 4 – SS and C in alternate angles

Rev. 6 French arms at date

224

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SHILLINGS

C over SS

1 over 0

21 over 19

Large D

O over G

Slanting colon between A·.TH

Normal upright colon between A:TH

Type

Rev.

20 over 19

A.

First bust, two ends to tie of wreath

B.

Second bust, similar, but bow and one end to tie

C.

W.W.C. (Welsh Copper Co.) below second bust

1.

Plain in the angles

2.

Roses and plumes in alternate angles (clock-wise) R-P-R-P

3.

Plumes and Roses in alternate angles (wrong order) P-R-P-R

4.

SS C alternately in the angles (clock-wise) SS-C-SS-C

5.

Plume and two interlinked Cs alternately in angles P-Cs-P-Cs

225

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SHILLINGS A/2. Date

ESC 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571

1715 — 1716 — 1717 — 1718 1719 1720 — — —

1572 1573 1574

A/1. 1720 — —

1575 1576

1721 — A/2.

1577 1578 1579

1721 — — A/3.

1580

1721

1

First bust / Rev. 2 - Roses and plumes in angles

Spink 3645

Varieties, comments etc.

R

(Old ESC)

S R2 R3 R3 S S N R2 S R2 R4 R4

1162

(10 strings)

Colon after D:G· (8 strings)

V over L in GEORGIVS (7 strings)

Obverse lettering larger (7s-6hts) (7s-6hts) 1

See note Large O in date Large O in date 20 over 18 Large O in date 20 over 19

(6,7 strings)

(7s-6hts)

1162A 1163 1163A 1164 1164A 1165 1166 1167 1167A 1167B 1167C

First bust / rev. 1 – Plain in angles Spink 3646 (6s-6hts;8s-7hts;7s-6hts) N 1168 Plain edge Larger O of date and lettering on reverse (6 strings) N 1169 1169A R Larger O of date (6s-5hts) O over G in GEORGIVS R4 1170 O of GEORGIVS over zero R2 1170A First bust Rev. 2 - Roses and plumes in the angles (R-P-R-P) Spink 3645 (8 strings) R 1171 1172 1 over 0 (7,9 strings) S 1173 21 over 19 (9s-7hts) R First bust Rev. 3 - Plumes and Roses in wrong order P-R-P-R Spink 3645 21 over 19 or is it 18? R4 1171A (Note Plumes & Roses in different order)

The so-called ‘plain edge’ variety is really a coin struck without going through the edging machine. It is very rare. No circulation coins were struck in collars until later in the eighteenth century

226

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SHILLINGS A/2. ESC 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585

Date

1722 — 1723 — — A/4.

1586 1587 1588 1589

1723 — — —

1590

— B/4.

1591

1723 B/2.

1593 1594

1723 1724 C/5.

1595 1596

Varieties, comments etc. (6s-6hts;6s-7hts)

No stop after HIB Usual slanting colon between A·.TH No colon between A TH Large D in F·D

3

(6 strings) (7 strings)

(6s-6hts ;8s-6hts;7s-6hts)

Reads E:T BRVN Small v above V Reads B:RVN Arms of France at date 2 No colon between A TH C over SS under DVX in 2nd angle 3

Second bust with W.C.C. below Rev. 5 - Plume and Cs (P-Cs-P-Cs) Mixed sized lettering in reverse legend

(7 strings)

(Old ESC)

S R S S R

1174 1175 1175A 1175B

Spink 3647 C2 1176 1176A R 1176B R 2 1177 R R

1176A

Spink 3648 N 1178

(7s-6hts)

Spink 3650 R2 1180

(7 strings) (6,7 strings)

Second bust with W.C.C. below Rev. 5 - Plume and Cs (P-Cs-P-Cs) (7s-6hts) (6 strings)

Spink 3649 1179 S 1181 S Spink 3650 R2 1182 R3 1185

These pieces mostly turn up in a very worn state; the rarity of a really fine example is perhaps R5 C over SS is very difficult to discern

227

1174A

(7 strings)

Second bust Rev. 2 - Roses and plumes in angles (R-P-R-P) FR re-entered

R

(7 strings)

Second bust Rev. 4 - SS C alternately in angles (SS-C-SS-C)

1724 1725 2

(7 strings)

First bust Rev. 4 - SS C alternately in angles (SS-C-SS-C)

1723 C/5.

1592

First bust Rev. 2 - Roses and plumes in the angles (R-P-R-P) Spink 3645

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SHILLINGS B/2. ESC 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603

Date

1725 — — — 1726 — — C/5.

1604 1605

1726 — B/2.

1606 1607 1608

1727 — —

Second bust Rev. 2 - Roses and plumes in angles (R-P-R-P) Varieties, comments etc. (6 strings)

5 of date over 4 No stops on obverse No stops on reverse

(6 strings)

No stops on obverse No stops on reverse

(Not traced)

Second bust with W.C.C. below Rev. 5 - Plume and Cs (P-Cs-P-Cs) (6 strings)

No stops on reverse Second bust Rev. 2 - Roses and plumes in angles (R-P-R-P) (Not traced with stops in obverse legend)

No stops on obverse No stops on reverse

(7 strings)

228

Spink 3649 R

(Old ESC)

S R? R R R5 R5 R5

1183 1183A? 1184 1184A 1186 1186A 1186B

Spink 3650 R2 1187 R3 1187A Spink 3649 R5 1188 R5 1188A R5 1188B

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SIXPENCES General type as larger denominations

Large

Rev.

lettering

small

Rev. 1

Rev. 2

Rev. 3

3 over 0

R over B

20 over 17

1.

Roses and Plumes in alternate angles

2.

SS C alternately in the angles

3.

As ‘1’ but smaller Roses and Plumes

229

GEORGE I, 1714-27

SIXPENCES A/1. Date

ESC 1609 1610 1611

1717 ― 1720

1612

A/2. 1723

1613



1614 1615

― ―

1616

A/3. 1726

1

Rev. 1 - Roses and Plumes in angles

Spink 3651

Varieties (7s-6hts) 1

See note 20 over 17

(7s-7hts)

R

(Old ESC)

R R5 R

1597 1598 1599

Rev. 2 - SS C alternately in angles Spink 3652 C 1600 Lettering; small on obverse and (5s-5hts;5s-6hts;6s-6hts) large on reverse 1601 R 3 over 0. Lettering; small on obverse and (6s-6hts;6s-7hts) large on reverse 1601A Larger lettering both sides (6s-6hts) R 1601B Larger lettering both sides B over R in BR (5s-6hts) R Rev. 2 - smaller Roses and Plumes in angles (7 strings)

Spink 3653 1602 R

Sixpences of 1717 with a plain edge are currency coins which were not put through the edging machine. See Dyer and Gaspar, Plain-Edged Sixpences of 1717, SNC 1983, pp. 6-7

230

GEORGE I, 1714-17

MAUNDY Obv. Rev.

As larger denominations Crown above large Roman numeral indicating value

MAUNDY SETS

Spink 3658 ESC 1617 1618

Date

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

1723 1727

R

(Old ESC)

R R

2400 2401

GROATS or FOURPENCES

Large lettering 1619 1620 1621 1622

1717 1721 1723 1727

Small lettering p. 157,170 p. 157,175 p. 157,179

Smaller letters and date on reverse 231

p. 157,186(i)

Spink 3654 1894 S 1895 S 1896 S 1897 R

GEORGE I, 1714-17

MAUNDY THREEPENCES

Large 3 Large lettering

Smaller 3 Small lettering Spink 3655

ESC 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628

Date

1717 1721 1723 — 1727 —

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 157,169

N S S S S S

2015

p. 157,174

Reads F.R Smaller letters and date on reverse Obverse legend finishes nearer the bust

p. 157,178(i) p. 157,185(i)

There are many subtle variations in the crowns above the numeral Some of Robinson’s numbers may be wrongly allocated See William & Mary Maundy notes

Comments regarding Maundy; see Charles II earlier

232

2016 2017 2017A 2018 2018A

GEORGE I, 1714-17

MAUNDY HALFGROAT or TWOPENCE

Large 2 Large lettering

Small 2 Small lettering Spink 3656

ESC 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635

Date

1716 1717 1721 1723 1726 1727 — —

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

p. 157,168(i)

N N C R C S S S

2223

p. 157,168(i)

No stop after GRA

p. 157,173(i) p. 157,177 p. 157,182

Reads GEORGIVS large O Reads GEORGIVS normal O Smaller letters on reverse

233

p. 157,184(i) p. 157,184(ii)

2224 2225 2225A 2225B

GEORGE I, 1714-17

MAUNDY PENNIES 17161 Note the alignment of date & legend with crown and value Type A With stop after date

Type B No stop after date

PEX Crown divides date Z type 1 Large lettering BR FR ET HI PEX ESC 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1

Date

1716 — 1718 — 1720 — 1723 — — 1725 — 1726 1727 —

Date above crown J type 1 Small lettering BRI FR ET HIB Spink 3657 Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

Variety A - reads • 1716 • (with stop after date)

p. 157,167(i) p. 157,167(ii)

No stop after GRA No stops after GRA or GEORGIVS

p. 157,171(i)

C C C C C C S S S C C R R R

2323

Variety B - reads • 1716 (no stop after date)

Varieties, comments etc.

p. 157,171(i) p. 157,172 p. 157,172(i)

Reads HIPEX

p. 157,176(i)

GEORGIVS. (with stop after) Large V in GEORGIVS (no stop after) Reads FR.ET. (note size of letters) Reads FR.ET. (note size of letters)

p. 157,176(i) p. 157,176(ii) p. 157,180(i) p. 157,180(ii) p. 157,181

No stop after GRA Reads BRI·FR in smaller letters

p. 157,183(i)

2323A 2324 2324A 2325 2326 2327 2327A 2327B 2328 2328A 2329 2330 2330A

See TWO VARIETIES OF THE 1716 MAUNDY PENNY by B. Robinson in Spink Numismatic Circular September 1981, pp. 275-6

234

GEORGE II 1727-1760 During the first part of this reign Croker, although very old, was still Chief Engraver, and responsible for the young head portrait of this monarch. As mentioned previously, Johann Sigismund Tanner worked at the Mint as apprentice to Croker from January 1728-9 onwards, and on the death of Croker in March, 1741, succeeded him as Chief Engraver. The task of engraving the reverse dies of this coinage was now the duty of the assistant engraver; and from the beginning of 1729 until he became Chief Engraver this work probably occupied all Tanner’s time. The name of Ochs, who had probably performed a similar task during the previous reign is again mentioned, but as he was an old man in 1728, according to Croker’s petition mentioned in the last reign, it seems very unlikely that he, George II’s engraver, was the same person who is mentioned by Hawkins as being on the Mint books in 1757 as Third Engraver. Hawkins even suggested that the same Ochs engraved for George III, but as Ochs senior had a son of the same name it seems almost certain that this son worked for George II and his successor and that Hawkins is in error. We have definite documentary evidence that Tanner engraved some reverse dies in the form of an undated manuscript in the British Museum, which is an estimate by Croker of the expenses for making dies, etc. An extract reads as follows: ‘In keeping accounts i doo propose to allow Mr Tanner for making ye reverse Dyes ... twelve shillings, and for ye remainder part of ye money I will make the dyes for ye heads ... ‘ Tanner probably made the reverses for all the coins from 1729 until he became Chief Engraver, after which time they were probably engraved by Ochs junior. The old head coinage was undoubtedly Tanner’s work, though the so-called intermediate head which appears on the gold may be Croker’s work, as he did not die until 1741. Tanner, however, may have done the engraving under Croker’s guidance. Croker’s dies for the obverse of the Maundy were used throughout the reign. Possibly there was no necessity for new dies to be made after Croker’s death, as complete sets were issued during this time only in 1743, 1746 and 1760. The source of the silver is still marked by provenance marks during this reign as follows: Roses ― silver from mines in the West of England. Plumes ― silver from the Welsh Copper Company. Roses and plumes ― silver from the Company for Smelting down Lead. 235

GEORGE II, 1727-60

CROWNS

Obv. A GEORGIVS (letter V)

Obv. B GEORGIUS (letter U)

Obv. C LIMA. Below (letter V)

Obv. D GEORGIVS (letter V)

Rev. 1 Roses & plumes in angles

Rev. 2 Roses in angles

236

GEORGE II, 1727-60

CROWNS

Rev. 3 Plain in angles Obv.

A.

Leg.

1. B.

Leg.

Rev. Leg.

2.

Young head, left, laureate, draped over armour with the face of a young lion on his shoulder epaulette GEORGIVS · II · DEI · GRATIA · (Some without stop after II) George second by the Grace of God Old-head; mature bust, left, wearing more armour with the face of a mature lion on his shoulder epaulette GEORGIUS · II · DEI · GRATIA· Note; U in GEORGIUS

C.

LIMA· below old-head, with regular V in GEORGIVS LIMA; provenance of Spanish silver captured by Admiral Anson during his round the world voyage; 1740-44.

D.

As ‘B’, but GEORGIVS spelt with regular V

1.

Crowned cruciform shields with roses and plumes in the angles 32·M·B·F·ET· H·REX·F·D·B· ET·L·D·S·R·I· A·T·ET·E·17 King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Arch-Treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire and Elector

2.

As before, but with Roses in angles

3.

As before, but plain in angles 237

GEORGE II, 1727-60

CROWNS A/1. Date

Young head leg. punct. GEORGIVS · II · DEI · GRATIA · Rev. 1 - Roses and Plumes in angles Spink 3686 Edge year

Varieties

ESC 1660 1661

1732 —

SEXTO —

(6) —

1662 1663

1734 1735

SEPTIMO OCTAVO

(7) (8)

(All stops) Proof 1 No stop after II No stop after II No stop after II

(9)

(12,13, strings) (14s-7hts) (All stops) (12s-7hts)

(10s-7hts) L&S 6 (10s-7hts) (10s-8hts)

R

(Old ESC)

R R3

117

R S

119

S

121

118

120

1664

1736

NONO

1665 1666

A/2. 1739 1741

Young head / Rev. 2 - Roses in angles Spink 3687 (10 strings) (9s-7hts) N 122 DVODECIMO (12) (8s-6hts;8s-7hts) (14) N 123 D. QVARTO

B/2.

Old head, plain below. Note; U in GEORGIUS Rev. 2 - Roses in angles Spink 3688 (10s-6hts) N 124 (17) D. SEPTIMO

1667

1743 C/3.

1668

1746 D/2.

1669 1670 1671

1746 1750 1751

LIMA below old-head. Note; V in GEORGIVS again Rev. 3 - plain in angles Spink 3689 (10s-6hts;10s-7hts) N 125 (19) D. NONO Old head, plain below. Note; V in GEORGIVS Rev. 3 - plain in angles Spink 3690 126 (20) Proof (9s-7hts) L&S 7 R VICESIMO (8s-8hts) S 127 (24) V. QVARTO (8s-7hts) R 128 — —

ENIGMAS Lineacar and Stone list two Crowns on pages 16-17; 1728 Plumes in angles (L&S 1) & 1731 plain in angles (L&S 5) both of which are unknown today but recorded by Martin Folkes in his publication in1745 and illustrated on Plates XL. 1731 is more likely to exist since a proof five guineas and halfcrown exist of this date so is allocated a number in case 1672

1731

Edge unknown

Plain in angles (Not traced) (L&S 5)

1

The obverse of this coin is distinctly convex with a plain edge

238

R7

116

GEORGE II, 1727-60

HALFCROWNS Obverse and reverse types as crown

V over U Obv. A

Obv. B

Obv. C

Obv. D

Obv. E

Rev. 1

Rev. 2

Rev. 3

41 over 39

45 over 45

6 over 5

239

GEORGE II, 1727-60

HALFCROWNS Obv.

A.

Leg.

1.

Rev.

Young head, left, laureate, draped over armour with the face of a young lion on his shoulder epaulette GEORGIVS II DEI GRATIA

B.

Old-head; mature bust, left, wearing more armour with the face of a mature lion on his shoulder epaulette, GEORGIUS with U

C.

LIMA below old-head, GEORGIUS spelt with U

D.

As before, but GEORGIVS with regular V

E.

As ‘B’, but GEORGIVS spelt with regular V

1.

Plain in angles

2.

Roses and plumes in angles

3.

Roses in angles

A/1 Date

Young head / Rev. 1 – Plain in angles Edge year

Spink 3691

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 1673

1731

None

1674 1675 1676 1677 1678

A/2 1731 1732 1734 1735 1736

Young head / Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Spink 3692 (10s-7hts) N 595 (5) QVINTO (10s-8hts) (6) N 596 SEXTO (7s-8hts) 597 (7) S SEPTIMO (8s-6hts) 598 (8) S OCTAVO (12s-6hts) 599 (9) R NONO

1679 1680 1681 1682 1683

A/3 1739 — 1741 — —

Young head / Rev. 3 – Roses in angles Spink 3693 (7s-7hts) N 600 DVODECIMO (10) Inverted Ns in ANNO REGNI N N — (8s-7hts) (14) S S D. QVARTO — 41 over 39 (7s-7hts) R R — Larger obverse lettering (7s-7hts) R R —

Pattern, plain edge

240

1

10s-7hts)

4

R

594

GEORGE II, 1727-60

HALFCROWNS B/3 ESC 1684 1685 1686

Date

1743 1745 —

Old head, plain below, GEORGIUS spelt with a U Rev. 3 – Roses in angles Spink 3694 Edge year

D. SEPTIMO D. NONO —

Varieties

(17) (19) —

See note 2

(8s-7hts) (8s-9hts)

45/45 (numerals re-entered)

R

(Old ESC)

N N R2

603A 604 604A

(8s-9hts)

C/1 1687

1745 D/1

1688 1689 1690

1746 — —

Old head, LIMA below bust, GEORGIUS spelt with a U Spink 3695 Rev. 1 – Plain in angles 3 (8s-7hts) C2 605 (19) D. NONO Old head, LIMA below bust, GEORGIVS spelt with regular V Spink 3695A Rev. 1 – Plain in angles 3 (19) (7s-7hts;8s-7hts;9s-7hts;9s-9hts) C3 606 D. NONO 607 — 6 over 5 (8s-7hts;9s-7hts) R — — V over U in GEORGIVS R3 607A — (8 strings)

E/1 1691 1692 1693

1746 1750 1751

Old head, plain below, GEORGIVS spelt with regular V Spink 3696 Rev. 1 – Plain in angles 608 (8s-7hts) R (20) Proof only VICESIMO (7s-7hts) 609 (24) S V. QVARTO 2 (7s-6hts) 610 — R —

1

This pattern has a slightly convex obverse

2

ESC 603; V in GEORGIVS (De-listed. Does this variety of spelling exist?)

3

The design of the Scottish arms varies slightly on different specimens of 1745 &1746 with the LIMA obv.; we have noted at least three varieties. (P.A.R.)

4

See proof article in SNC 1993 pp. 156-7 (2 specimens recorded by M. Faintich)

241

GEORGE II, 1714-60

SHILLINGS Obverse and reverse types as crowns and halfcrowns Note; 1743 and 1745, with letter U in GEORGIUS

Obv. A – small lettering Ties to small AT

Obv. B – larger lettering Ties to larger T

Obv. C Ties to larger I

Obv. D Ties to A Extra large Gs

Obv. E O.H. GEORGIUS (letter U)

Obv. F O.H. GEORGIUS (letter U) LIMA below

242

GEORGE II, 1714-60

SHILLINGS Note; only variations in size of lettering and alignment of ties with GRATIA are noted. There are many more subtle variations which are ignored to avoid complication; these are left to the specialist collector to discover

,

Obv. G O.H. GEORGIVS

Rev. 1 - Plumes Small legend

2 - Roses & plumes Small legend

3 – Plain, small legend 6 – Plain, larger legend

Rev. 4 - Roses Small legend

Rev. 5 - Roses Larger legend

243

GEORGE II, 1714-60

SHILLINGS

5 over 5?

6 over 5

41 over ?

43 over 41

45 over 34

50 over 46

Thin 0

O over 7

Small cross

Normal cross

S - Single pearls on crown band

T over E Obv.

Small 9 Crown – S

Regular 9 Crown - D

4 over 4

D - Double pearls on crown band

V over U

A.

Young-head, left, small legend, GEORGIVS with V, ties to A T

B.

As ‘A’, but larger lettering, ties to T and sometimes with an extra stop before ·DEI (stop often very weak or not visible)

C.

As ‘A’, but ties to I (Note; wider space after GRATIA·)

D.

As ‘C’, but with extra large G’s in legend, ties to A

E.

Old-head, left, large lettering, GEORGIUS with a U

F.

As ‘E’ with LIMA below

G.

As ‘D, but GEORGIVS with a V 244

GEORGE II, 1714-60

SHILLINGS REVERSES in order of issue Rev.

ESC 1694

1.

Plumes in angles, small lettering

2.

Roses and Plumes in angles, small lettering

3.

Plain in angles, small lettering

4.

Roses in angles, small lettering

5.

Roses in angles, large lettering

6.

Plain in angles, large lettering

A/1.

Young head, small lettering, ties to A T & GEORGIVS with a V Rev. 1 - Plumes in angles. Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3697

Date

1727 1728 — A/3.

1698

1729 A/2.

1700

1729

R

(Old ESC)

S

1189

As before with ties to A T / Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3698 (7s-6hts) N 1190 (7 strings) R 1192 1192A E over R in GEORGIVS R As before but, ties to -T- / Rev. 4 - Plain in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands (7s-6hts)

1728 A/2.

1699

(8? strings)

1727 A/2.

1695 1696 1697

Varieties

Spink 3699 R2 1191

As before with ties to A T / Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3698 1193 Small 9 in date (8 strings) R As before with ties to A T / Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with double pearls in bands Spink 3698 1193 Regular size 9 in date (7 strings) R 245

GEORGE II, 1714-60

SHILLINGS B/2. ESC 1701

1702

Date

1731

1731

1731 1732

1734

1735 — A/2.

1709 1710

1736 — A/2.

1711 1712

R

1193

As before with ties to A T / Rev. 1 - Plumes in angles. Crowns with single & double pearls in bands Spink 3697 Crowns - S over English & Irish shields (9 strings) R2 1195 Crowns - D over French & Hanoverian shields

A/2. 1707 1708

(Old ESC)

A/1.

B/2. 1706

R

Weak extra stop before ·DEI

A/2. 1704 1705

Spink 3698

Varieties

1729

A/2. 1703

As ‘A’, but larger lettering and ties to T Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles

1737 —

(8 strings)

As before with ties to A T / Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with double pearls in bands Spink 3698 (6 strings) S 1194 As before with ties to A T / Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3698 1194 S A·T over E·ET·E· (8 strings) R 1196 As ‘A’, but larger lettering and ties to T Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands (9s-6hts) Extra stop before ·DEI

(10 strings)

Spink 3698 N 1197

As before with ties to A T / Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3698 (8 strings) N 1198 1198A 5 over 5? (10 strings) As before, but larger lettering and ties to T Rev. 2 – Roses & Plumes in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands (8s-5hts;10s-7hts)

6 over 5 No visible pearls in crowns

(10? strings)

Spink 3698 N 1199 R2 1199A

As before with ties to A T / Rev. 2 – Roses & plumes in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3698 (7strings) (8s-7hts) N 1200 1200A Both As unbarred in GRATIA 246

GEORGE II, 1714-60

SHILLINGS A/4. ESC 1713 1714 1715

Date

1739 — — B/4.

1716 1717 1718

1739 1741 — D/4.

1719

1741 E/5.

1720 1721 1722 1723

1743 — 1745 — F/6.

1724

1745 Fvar. /6

1725 1726

1746 —

As before, ties to T I, I in GEORGIVS to king’s upper lip, but Rev. 4 – Roses in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3701 Varieties

R (7s-7hts; 8s-7hts)

9 over 7 A·T over ? ·ET over ?·E over ?

(7,8 strings)

C R5 R4

(Old ESC)

1201 1201A 1201B

As before but, larger lettering, I in GEORGIVS to king’s nose Rev. 4 – Roses in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3701 (8 strings) C 1201 1202 Smaller Garter Star (7s-7hts) C 41 over 39 R5 1202A Young head. N.B. larger G’s in large lettering Rev. 4 – Roses in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3701 1202B (7 strings) C 41 over 39? Old-head, left, large lettering, GEORGIUS with a U Rev. 3 – Roses in angles Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3702 (6,7 strings) (8s-6hts) C 1203 43 over 41 (7s-6hts) R3 1203A (8 strings) N 1204 1204A 45 over 34 (8 strings) R Old-head, left, LIMA below, large lettering, GEORGIUS with U Rev. 6 – Plain in angles, large lettering Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3703 (6,9 strings) (7s-7hts ;8s-6hts) C2 1205 Old-head, left, LIMA below, as before but, V over U in GEORGIVS / Rev. 6 – As before Spink 3703 R2 1206 6 over 5 R2 1207

247

GEORGE II, 1714-60

SHILLINGS G/6. ESC 1727

1728

Date

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

R

1208

1746

Proof only

G/5.

Old-head as before, but GEORGIVS with a regular V Rev. 3 – Roses in angles. Crowns - S Spink 3702 (7s-6hts) N 1209

1747 G/6.

1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735

Old-head, left, plain below, large lettering, GEORGIVS with a V Rev. 6 – Plain in angles, large lettering Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3704

1750 — — — 1751 1758 1758

(8s-7hts)

Old-head, left, plain below, large lettering, GEORGIVS with a V Rev. 6 – Plain in angles, large lettering Crowns with single pearls in bands Spink 3704 1210 (7s-7hts; 8s-8hts) N Thin 0 in date & small legend 1210A Thin 0 in date over 6 S ? Thin 0 in date over 7 S 1211 Wide O and 50 over 47 or is it 46? (7 strings) S (7s-5hts) R3 1212 3 1213 (Apparently struck for many years) (8s-7hts) C ? Note, small 58 in date C 1213A?

248

GEORGE II, 1727-60

SIXPENCES OBVERSES (Similar to shillings)

Obv. A GEORGIVS

Obv. B GEORGIUS

Obv. C LIMA GEORGIUS

Obv. D LIMA GEORGIVS

Obv. E Plain GEORGIVS

O over R

D over ?

GEORGIV (minus S)

249

GEORGE II, 1727-60

SIXPENCES REVERSES (Similar to shillings)

5 over 3

Rev. 1 Plain in angles

Rev. 2 Plumes in angles

Rev. 3 – Roses & Plumes in angles

Rev. 4 Roses in angles

5 over 3

5 over 3 250

6 over 5

GEORGE II, 1727-60

SIXPENCES

6 over 5 Obv.

Rev.

ESC 1736 1737

Small 2

Young head, left, plain below, with a V in GEORGIVS

B.

Old head, left, plain below, with a U in GEORGIUS

C.

Old head, LIMA below, with a U in GEORGIUS

D.

Old head, LIMA below with a V in GEORGIVS

E.

Old head, plain below, with a V in GEORGIVS

1. 2. 3. 4.

Plain in angles Plumes in angles Roses and Plumes in angles Roses in angles

A/1.

Young head, V in GEORGIVS Rev. 1 – Plain in angles

Date

1728 —

1728 — A/3.

1740 1741 1742 1743

Large O

A.

A/2. 1738 1739

8 over 7

1728 1731 1732 —

Spink 3705

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R (6 strings)

Proof, with plain edge

wt. 3.46g (5s-5hts?)

Young head, V in GEORGIVS Rev. 2 – Plumes in angles (7s-7hts;8s-6hts)

Plain edge (Struck without a collar)

(7s-8hts?)

Young head, V in GEORGIVS Rev. 3 – Roses and Plumes in angles (6s-6hts;7s-7hts) (8 strings) (8 strings) (7s-5hts) Some letters in obverse legend double-entered

Smaller 2 in date

(6s-7hts)

(6s-6hts?; 8s-8hts?)

2

R R4

1603 1604

Spink 3706 1605 S 1605A S Spink 3707 N 1606 N 1607 N 1608 N 1608 (continued)

251

GEORGE II, 1727-60

SIXPENCES ESC 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748

Date

1734 1735 — 1736 — A/4.

1749 1750 1751

1739 — 1741 B/4.

1752 1753 1754 1755

1743 1745 — — C/1.

1756

Date

1746 — D/1.

1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764

1746 1750 1751 1757 1758 —

(Old ESC)

R (7s-5hts?)

5 over 4

(6s-4hts?) (7 strings)

GEORGIV (minus S)

(7 strings)

Young head, V in GEORGIVS Rev. 4 – Roses in angles (7 strings)

O over R in GEORGIVS and D over?

(7s-7hts) (6s-6hts;7s-6hts; 7s-7hts)

Old head, plain below, U in GEORGIUS Rev. 4 – Roses in angles (6s-5hts?)

5 over 3 5 over 4

(6s-5hts?)

Old head, LIMA below, U in GEORGIUS Rev. 1 – Plain in angles

R R2 R3 R R4

(7 strings)

(6s-5hts) (5s-5hts) (6 strings)

(5,6 strings)

8 over 7 (6s-6hts) Old ESC 1624A - Stop in centre of DEI is considered a flaw so de-listed 252

1610A 1611 1610B?

Spink 3709 N 1612 R3 1612A N 1613

(Old ESC)

R (7 strings)

Old head, plain below, V in GEORGIVS Rev. 1 – Plain in angles wt. 2.98g Proof only

1610

Spink 3710A

Varieties

6 over 5

1609

Spink 3710 1617 S

(7s-7hts)

Old head, LIMA below, V in GEORGIVS Rev. 1 – Plain in angles

2

Spink 3708 N 1614 1615 S R2 1616 R2 1616A

(6s-5hts;6s-6hts) (7 strings)

1745 D/1.

ESC 1757 1758

Varieties

2

C R2

1618 1618A

Spink 3711 R2 1619 1620 S 2 1621 R 3 C 1622 C3 1623 R3 1624

GEORGE II, 1727-60

MAUNDY ORIGINAL MAUNDY SETS UNIFORM DATES

Spink 3716 ESC 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774

Date

Varieties

R

R R S S S S S R2 S R

1729 1731 1732 1735 1737 1739 1740 1743 1746 1760 THREE DISTINCT CROWNS

Rev.

1.

1 2 3 Small crown, no interior, pearls on arches, date above

2.

Wide crown, with interior, ornate arches, divides date

3.

Large crown, with interior, pearls on arches, divides date 253

(Old ESC)

2402 2403 2404 2405 2406 2407 2408 2409 2410 2411

GEORGE II, 1727-60

MAUNDY The following denominations are listed separately to highlight varieties

GROAT or FOURPENCE

(X1.5)

A Young head Stop after II ·

Rev. 2

(X1.5)

A 1740 - 3d die used

Rev. 3

A/2. Date

Rev. 2 - Wide crown, ornate arches, divides date Varieties, comments etc.

Spink 3712

Robinson

R

(Old ESC)

S S S

1898

p. 159,190(i)

ESC 1775 1776 1777

1729 1729 1731

Stop after II• Stop after II above head •

1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786

A/3 1732 1735 1737 1739 1740 1743 — 1746 1760

Rev. 3 - Large crown, pearls on arches, divides date Spink 3712A p. 159,198 1900 S p. 159,202 1901 S p. 159,206 1902 S p. 159,210 1903 S p. 159,214 1904 Struck on a threepence obverse die S 1905 R p. 159,218 3 over 0 R3 1905A p. 159,222 N 1906 p. 159,237 1907 S

p. 159,194

254

1898 1899

GEORGE II, 1727-60

MAUNDY THREEPENCE

Obv. B Young head

Stop above head

Rev. 2

A Stop after II ·

Rev. 3 6 over3

B/1. ESC 1787

1788 1789 1790

Date

Varieties, comments etc.

Robinson

1729

A or B

B/2.

Stop above head Rev. 2 - Wide crown, ornate arches, divides date

1729 1731 — B/3.

1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796

Rev. 1 - Small crown, pearls on arches, date above

1732 ― 1735 1743 — —

(Not traced)

p. 159,189(i)?

Small obverse lettering

p. 159,193

Stop above head Large crown with interior, pearls on arches p. 159,197(i) p. 159,201 p. 159,217(ii)

3 over 0 Large letters both sides 255

Spink 3713 R

(Old ESC)

S

2019

Spink 3713A S 2019A S 2020 S 2021 Spink 3713B 2022 S 2023 S 2024 S N 2028 2028A R N 2030

GEORGE II, 1727-60

MAUNDY THREEPENCE A/3. ESC 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803

Stop after II · Large crown with interior, pearls on arches

Date

1737 1739 1740 1743 1746 — 1760

Varieties, comments etc.

R

(Old ESC)

p. 159,205

N N ? N R R S

2025

p. 159,209

40 over 39 Large letters both sides 6 over 3 (On all coins) 6 over 5

Spink 3713B

Robinson

p. 159,213 p. 159,217(i) p. 159,221(i) p. 159,221(ii) p. 159,236

2026 2027 2029 2031 2031A 2032

TWOPENCE or HALFGROAT

GRATIA

A Young head

Rev. 1

Rev. 3

GRATIA · Small o in GEoRGIVS 1804 1805

A/1. 1729 1731

Small crown, no interior, pearls on arch p. 159,188(i) Smaller figure 9 p. 159,192

256

Spink 3714 N 2226 N 2227

GEORGE II, 1727-60

MAUNDY TWOPENCE A/3. ESC 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816

Date

1732 1735 1737 1739 1740 1743 — 1746 1756 1759 1760

Large crown with interior, pearls on arches Varieties, comments etc.

Small o in GEoRGIVS

R

(Old ESC)

p. 159,196(i)

N N N S R N S N N N N

2228

p. 159,200 p. 159,204 p. 159,208(i)

Cracked die

p. 159,212 p. 159,216(i)

3 over 0

Spink 3714A

Robinson

p. 159,220 p. 159,229 p. 159,233 p. 159,235

PENNY

GRATIA

A Young head

Rev. 1

GRATIA·

6 over 3

Rev. 3

GRATIA:

Colon after GRATIA:

Rev. 3

257

2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2233A 2234 2235 2236 2237

GEORGE II, 1727-60

MAUNDY PENNY A/1. ESC 1817 1818 1819 1820

Date

1729 — — 1731 A/3.

1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843

1732 — 1735 1737 1739 1740 1743 — 1746 — 1750 1752 — 1753 — 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1760

Rev. 1 - Small crown, no interior, pearls on arch Varieties, comments etc.

No stop after GRATIA Proof? Struck on a thick flan.

Robinson p. 159,187(i) p. 159,187(ii) p. 159,191

Rev. 3 - Large double arched crown with pearls, Value in larger numerals A slight variety of bust is used

p. 159,195(ii) p. 159,199 p. 159,203 p. 159,207 p. 159,211 p. 159,215

3 over 0 p. 159,219(i)

6 over 3 or is it a 5?

p. 159,223

2 over 0

p. 159,224(i)

3 over 2

p. 159,225(i) p. 159,226

Colon after GRATIA:

p. 159,227(i) p. 159,228

Colon after GRATIA:

p. 159,230 p. 159,231

Colon after GRATIA:

p. 159,232

Large second G in GEORGIVS

p. 159,234

Note Some obverse dies vary slightly from those illustrated 258

Spink 3715 R

(Old ESC)

S S S N

2331 2331A 2331B 2332

Spink 3715A N 2333 2334 S 2335 S 2336 S N 2337 N 2338 N 2339 N 2339A N 2340 2341 R C 2342 C 2343 2344 S C 2345 2345A R C 2346 C 2347 C 2348 C 2349 C 2350 C 2351 2352 S 2352A S

GEORGE III 1760-1820 Although this was a long reign, the number of silver coins issued by the Mint in the first 55 years was small, due to the escalating value of silver in the latter half of the 18th century and the mint’s reluctance to either pay more than the 60 shillings per troy pound or reduce the weight of coins. Nevertheless it’s very interesting from a numismatic point of view. There was a small issue of shillings in 1763; threepences in 1762 and 1763, and Maundy money. The issue of shillings in 1763 was a special one and it is said that £100 worth were struck for distribution by the Earl of Northumberland when he entered Dublin as Lord Lieutenant. These are therefore known as ‘Northumberland Shillings’, though it seems certain that the total issue was considerably larger than the £100 worth1 required for the Earl. In 1787 a great quantity of shillings and sixpences were issued. These were the last shillings to be issued for general circulation prior to the recoinage of 1816, if we discount the rare Dorien and Magens shillings of 1798 - In 1798 Mr Magens Dorien Magens and nine other banking firms sent (to the Mint) silver bullion for coinage to the amount of upwards of £30,000. This was partly coined into Shillings, but their issue was prohibited by order of the Lords of the Committee of Council. The name given above is so rendered in the book, but in Lowndes London Directory for 1798, the firm is described as Dorien, Magens, Mello, Martin and Harrison, 22 Finch Lane, Cornhill. After the authorities ordered the whole issue to be melted down, one of the bankers, Magens Dorien Magens, expressed his sentiments in no uncertain terms, in an anonymous publication of the same year entitled, ‘Thoughts upon a new Coinage of Silver.’ Royal Mint Museum Catalogue, Vol. I, p. 158. At this time Spain was mining vast quantities of bullion in her American colonies and coining from this silver ‘pieces of eight’ or eight reales, and also smaller denominations. These seem to have circulated in many parts of the world and as very considerable quantities were captured by the English, and owing to the shortage of regal silver in this country, they very readily passed as currency. This was technically illegal, but the government turned a blind eye and in fact legalised the position in 1797 by having them countermarked with the head of George III in a small oval. The puncheon used was that employed by the Assay Master at Goldsmith’s Hall for stamping the duty mark on silver plate assayed after 1785. The dollars were then made current at 4/9d, and gave rise to the saying ‘two King’s heads not worth a crown’. These oval-countermarked dollars circulated at 4/9d from 9th March to 21st October 1797. They did not, as mentioned by some writers, circulate for a second period up to 1804. Early in 1804 the stamp was changed, the king’s head being larger and in an octagon. The punch used for the head was that 259

GEORGE III 1760-1820 for the Maundy penny 1795-1800. These octagonal-countermarked dollars circulated from 11th January to 2nd June 1804, and were current for five shillings. In the same year, arrangements were made for Spanish dollars to be completely over struck, thereby removing all but traces of the original design. This was made possible by Boulton’s powerful machinery recently installed at the Soho Mint in Birmingham. These pieces were struck for The Bank of England, and were called Bank of England Dollars (Crowns). They were really tokens but as they were an authorised issue, it appears proper that they should find a place in this work. The original patterns for the issue were engraved and dated as early as 1798. The dollars are all dated 1804, but they were struck until the year 1811, and occasionally on a coin restruck with insufficient pressure it is possible to detect dates later than 1804 of the original Spanish coin. There were three ‘valuations’ or periods of circulation for the Bank dollars, viz. 20th May 1804 to 10th March 1811 at five shillings; 11th March 1811 to 30th April 1817 at five shillings and sixpence (due to the shortage of silver prior to the recoinage); 1st May 1817 until demonetization on 25th March 1820 again at five shillings. Three shillings and 1/6d bank tokens were also issued: dies were prepared for a ninepence, but it was never put into circulation. The Mint’s old quarters in the Tower of London had been inadequate for many years past, and during the years 1810-12 the Royal Mint was built on Tower Hill and new steam-powered machinery was made and installed by Boulton and Watt. In 1816 it was resolved to issue a completely new coinage despite difficulties and expense. Halfcrowns, shillings and sixpences were struck during this year, Maundy in 1817 and the crown in 1818-20. The issue of silver is of reduced size and weight being now sixty-six shillings instead of sixty-two to the pound troy. All silver shillings from 1816 were still legally current until the withdrawal of the large decimal five pence coin. (Demonetized 1st January 1991) On the crown as well as on the larger gold denominations, we find the St. George and the Dragon device for the first time since the reign of Henry VIII. The head of the halfcrown was changed in 1817, as the original design, showing the back of the shoulder to the spectator, was not popular. These early halfcrowns are often colloquially known as ‘Bull Heads’. The artist responsible for all theses designs was Benedetto Pistrucci, an Italian gem-engraver who had come to find employment in London and whose work came to the notice of William Wellesley Pole, the Master of the Mint. 260

GEORGE III 1760-1820 There were probably more changes of portraiture and design in this reign than in any other. Regarding the engravers, Tanner remained at the Mint holding the office of Chief Engraver until his death in 1775, but probably took little active part in preparing the new dies, as during his later years he suffered from approaching blindness and other infirmities. Most of the work was carried out by his Chief Assistant, Richard Yeo, who succeeded to the post of Chief Engraver on Tanner’s death. Yeo died only four years later in 1779. Among the obverse dies attributed to Yeo are those for the first three issues of guineas, half-guineas, quarter-guineas and the Northumberland shilling referred to earlier. Thomas Pingo, who was the Assistant Engraver from 1771 until his death in 1776, produced the dies for the fourth issue guineas and half-guineas. He was succeeded by his son Louis, who was responsible for the design and engraving of many of the dies in George III’s middle period. Among these are the well-known ‘Spade’ guineas, the 1787 shillings and sixpences etc. He engraved the obverses for the later gold coins from models supplied by Nathaniel Marchant, Assistant Engraver from 1792-1815. J.R. Ochs junior remained as Third Engraver until his retirement in 1786. The dies for the first issue of Maundy are usually ascribed to him. Thomas Wyon junior was appointed Assistant Engraver in 1811 and became Chief Engraver in 1815. He died two years later. Although active for so short a time, he left his stamp on the coinage. He was responsible for the design and engraving of the reverses for the first Bull Head halfcrown, the shilling and the sixpence. He engraved the obverses of these coins from a model by Benedetto Pistrucci. After Wyon’s death Pistrucci engraved the dies himself. The crown is perhaps the most widely known as the reverse bears his renowned portrayal of St. George and the Dragon; the second type halfcrown shows almost the same obverse as the crown and the modification of Wyon’s reverse, which was used for the first type halfcrown. William Wyon, cousin of Thomas Wyon junior, joined the Mint in 1816, and engraved the dies for the last issue of Maundy coins. (P.A.Rayner, 1949) 1

See John Craig’s The Mint for total mintage. According to James O’Donald Mays, author of The Splendid Shilling (New Forest Leaves, Burley, Ringwood, Hampshire), p. 81 ‘Mint records show that 48 pounds of the George III shillings were struck in 1763. At standard weight, this would have permitted 2,976 “Northumberland” pieces to be made.’

261

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS This is a very complex series as many examples are unique or nearly so. One major difficulty is trying to differentiate between the original Soho Mint strikings and the later restrikes by W.J. Taylor. Collectors are advised to refer to the die study by Michael Dickinson “BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLAR VARIETIES”, S.N.C. 1999, part I, pp. 275-277 & part II, pp. 310-314.

DOLLARS - Type A/1 & 2 OVAL PUNCH ON COMMON SPANISH DOLLARS (8 Reales) Treasury Warrant dated 3 March 1797 Type

1 2 3 4

With a bust / rev. small crown above large shield (Spanish mints) With a bust / rev. pillar design (Spanish American mints) No bust (pillar design) / rev. large crown above squat shield No bust (circular shield) / rev. crowned square-topped shield

Madrid City Spain Type A

Type 1 - Madrid

Seville City Spain

Type A/1 - Seville

Mexico City Mexico 262

Type A/2 - Mexico

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS DOLLARS

Santiago Chile

Type A/2 - Santiago

Nueva Granada Guatemala

Type A/2 - Guatemala

PoToSI Bolivia

Type A/2 - Potosi

LIMÆ Peru

Type A/2 - Lima

RARE SPANISH PILLAR DOLLARS

Mexico City Mexico Type A/3

Type A/3 263

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS DOLLARS

LIMÆ Peru

Type A/3 - Lima

PoToSI Bolivia

Type A/3 - Potosi

EXTREMELY RARE FRENCH COINS Type A/4, 5 & 6

A

Toulouse (M) France

5

Pau (cow) A

5 264

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS EXTREMELY RARE FRENCH COINS

A

M

6

Tuscany écu

A

A (Paris)

5

Tuscany 10 Paoli A

7

265

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS DOLLARS SNC 2012, MS9816 example of the oval countermark double struck (Mexico) The following tables list possibilities see Provenances for known examples ESC 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865

Ob/rv.

A/1 ― A/2 ― ― ― A/3 ― ― A/5 ― ― A/6 ― A/7 A/8

Country

Spain Spain Mexico Chile Guatemala Bolivia Mexico Bolivia Peru France France France France France France U.S.A.

Mint

Mintmarks

Madrid Seville Mexico City Santiago Nueva Granada PoToSI Mexico City PoToSI LIMA Bayonne 1784 Pau 1786 Toulouse 1784 A (Paris) 1792 M 1792 Tuscany 1794 (1 known in B.M.)

3

M S NG PTSI monogram Pillar dollar 7 PTSI Pillar $ LIMÆ Pillar $

Small eagle

RARE OCTAGONAL PUNCH ON COMMON SPANISH DOLLARS (8 Reales) Treasury Warrant dated 2 January 18047 Type B/1 & 2

Type B

Madrid Spain 266

(Old ESC)

R

1

R N C2 R3 R2 S R5 S N R6 R6 R6 R6 R6 R6 R7

135 135 129 134 132 131 131 131 133 136 136 136 136 136

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS DOLLARS

Santiago Chile

Seville Spain

Mexico City Mexico

PoToSI Bolivia

Nueva Granada Guatemala

LIMÆ Peru

USA DOLLARS Types B/3 & 4 Extremely rare Small eagle

B

8

Large eagle

B

9 267

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS DOLLARS 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874

B/1 ― B/2 ― ― ― ― B/8 B/9

Spain Spain Mexico Chile Guatemala Bolivia Peru U.S.A. U.S.A.

Madrid Seville Mexico City Santiago Nueva Granada PotoSI LIMA (2 known) (5 known)

M S

See note 3

R2 R2 S R3 R R R2 R7 R5

NG PTSI monogram LIMÆ monogram Small eagle Large eagle

141 141 138 134 140 139 140A 143 143

HALF-DOLLARS (4 Reales) (Currency 2s-4½d) OVAL & OCTAGONAL COUNTERMARKS 6 Types and mintmarks as dollars

Type A

Pillar obverse (early) Mexico

Type B

Madrid Spain - Type 1

Mexico City Mexico – Type 3

Seville Spain – Type 1

268

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS HALF-DOLLARS

Mexico City Mexico

PoToSI Bolivia - Type 2

LIMÆ Peru

Santiago Chile

inverted countermark

Madrid

Madrid Spain

Type 4

Seville Spain

269

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS HALF-DOLLARS 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892

A/1 ― A/2 ― ― ― ― A/3 A/3 A/4 A/4 B/1 ― B/4 B/2 ― ―

Spain Madrid Spain Seville Mexico Mexico City Chile Santiago Guatemala Nueva Grenada Bolivia Potosi Peru Lima Peru Lima (Pillar) Spain Madrid (Pillar) Spain Madrid (Circular) Spain Seville (Circular) Spain Madrid Spain Seville Spain Seville (Circular) Mexico Mexico City Guatemala Nueva Granada Bolivia Potosi USA Half dollar 1795

M S NG PTSI monogram LIMÆ monogram LIMÆ monogram M M S M S S NG PTSI monogram

S S S R5 R5 R2 R2 R6 R R R R5 R3 R R3 R5 R4 R7

611

― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ―

Doubts about the authenticity of the following fractions of the Dollar is allayed by the remarks published by Glendining below* 2 Reales

Madrid 1893 1894 1895

A/1 A/2

Spain Mexico

Mexico Madrid Mexico City

(Number reserved for new discovery)

270

M

R4 R5

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS 2 Reales

Lima

1896 1897

B/2 ―

Spain, Peru,

Madrid Lima

R4 R6

M LIMÆ

1 Reale

Mexico 1898 1899 1900

A/1 A/2 ―

Spain Mexico Peru

LIMÆ Madrid Mexico City 8 Lima

R4 R4 R5

M LIMÆ

Half-Real Mexico 1901 1902 1903

Mexico

(Number reserved for new discovery)

A/2 A/3

Mexico, Mexico,

Mexico City Pillar type

Note For the specialist collector there are many varieties and dates 271

R6 R6

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

COUNTERMARKED SPANISH DOLLARS & FRACTIONS

Trial piece, octagonal countermark on a shilling-sized silver blank (Another test strike is known on a copper halfpenny) *My thanks to Glendining’s Auction 1992/10/12, lot 507, for the following article “Oval countermarks on Dollar fractions have for long aroused controversy, some authorities condemning them as bogus. E.M. Kelly has presented a countervailing view (Spanish Dollars & Silver Tokens, Spink. London 1976, p. 24) A much more interesting set of figures, numismatically, is that showing the dollars going into the Current Cash Account for twenty eight out of sixty entries show half-dollars and one gives quarter dollars. As these were the totals for the day there were probably many more to make up a round figure in dollars. The Bank added half and quarter dollars to make up a bag to the standard weight of 1,000 ounces troy. Segments were also used and there was the occasional coin other than Spanish thrown in, all of which were complained of at a later date by the Military authorities, who preferred some uniformity. Having no precedents for counter-marking, the Mint would have considered it acceptable to strike fractional coins to make up the weights. The doubts that are cast on the validity of these coins by numismatists would seem to have no foundation.” 1 2 4 5 6 7 8

Believed to be unique (in Bank of England collection) Five genuine specimens are known; also 3 forgeries. Many of these are known to exist, but rarity unknown. Listed but, not all are known and if so are very rare; some collectors doubt if these are authentic All colonial octagonal punch countermarks are very rare; most on this list are unrecorded. A small number of non-portrait ‘pillar dollars‘countermarked with an oval stamp exist. These appear to be genuine countermarks and may have been stamped in error. False oval countermark but a good example of its type.

272

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

THE PATTERN CROWNS 1798 – Spade-shape shield In the past ESC classified these patterns as ‘Bank of England Dollars’ Latest research by Michael Dickenson has proved them to be Crowns from original documents of 1798 See Spink Numismatic Circular 1999, pp. 243-246 ‘Pattern Crowns Dated 1798’ by Michael Dickenson See also ‘Bank of England Dollar Varieties’ Part I, pp. 275-277 & part II, pp. 310-314 First busts

:C.H.K

Type A – leg. 1

Type B – leg. 2

Stars Second bust Type C - leg. 1

Rev. 1

Caveat; W.J. Taylor, the London engraver and manufacturer, acquired many of the dies for these crowns and the following Bank of England Dollars at auction in 1850, and is known to have produced coins from them for collectors. Many of the mules found today are attributed to him and therefore not genuine. (No attempt has been made to differentiate re-strikes) 273

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

THE PATTERN CROWNS Obv.

A.

Leg.

1

First bust, right, laureate and draped, with a stop after REX. First leaf of laurel points to the upright of E in DEI; on the truncation, · : C · H · K · or : C · H · K the stops before C are not always clear GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop)

A1

As ‘A’ but, leaf to centre of E in DEI

A2

Leaf to centre of E, and · · K on truncation

A3

As before but, leaf to upright of E

B 2

First leaf to D, on truncation : . C.K.H. GEORGIUS III · DEI GRATIA · (no REX and 2 stops)

B1

Similar to ‘H’ but · : C.K.H. on truncation

B2

Similar to ‘H’ but either · : K or . : K . on truncation

C5

Second bust, left, smaller laureate and draped, first leaf to upright of D; º•º• on truncation; five berries in wreath GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop)

Leg.

Leg.

1

Rev. Leg.

1.

Spade-shape shield, small crown above dividing date 98.M·B·F·ET·H·REX·F·D·B·ET·L·D·S·R·I·A·T·ET·E.17

A/1.

First bust right, 1st leaf to upright of E in DEI Leg. 1 - GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (1 stop)

Date

Obv

ESC 1904

1798

A

1905





1906 1907 1908 1909

A1/1 1798 ― ― ―

Varieties, remarks etc.

· : C · H · K · or : C · H · K on truncation In copper

L&S

Davis

(Old ESC)

2

R

33

D.3

171

R4

34

D.4

172

R

First bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI / Rev. as before 168 : C · H · K on truncation R4 29 D.1 C 7 30 169 W&R143 wt. 38.55g R ― In Gold 170 wt. 29.93g R2 31 D.2 ― In copper 2 32 170A R ― In copper thick flan wt. 31.07g Plain edge 274

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

THE PATTERN CROWNS A2/1 Date

First bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI / Rev. as before Obv

Varieties, remarks etc.

R

L&S

Davis

35

D.5

(Old ESC)

ESC 1910 1911

1798 ―

F ―

1912 1913 1914

A3/1 1798 ― ―

First bust right, 1st leaf to upright of E in DEI / Rev. as before 175 · · K on truncation R6 37 G 175A R6 ― In copper 175B R6 ― In copper gilt

B/1

First bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI Leg. 2 - GEORGIUS III · DEI GRATIA · (Minus REX) 176 R7 38 H : . C.K.H. on truncation wt. 25.56g In white metal (tin)

1915

1798 B1/1

4

· · K on truncation In copper

R R3

177

First bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI / Rev. as before · : K or . : K . on truncation R6 42 J In copper on a very thick flan

178A

1798 ― ―

1919

B2/1 1798

1920





1921





wt. 28.3g

1922 1923 1924

1798 ― ―

173 174

First bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI / Leg. 2 - GEORGIUS III · DEI GRATIA · (no REX) · : C.K.H. on truncation R4 39 I R4 40 ― On a flan ⅓ inch thick R4 41 ― In copper

1916 1917 1918

C5/1

36

In white metal (tin) Plain edge In pewter, edge plain

R6

D.5

177A 178

178B

wt. 26.34g

R6

178C

Second bust left, 1st leaf to D in DEI, five berries in wreath Leg. 1 - GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . 179 º•º• on truncation R4 43 K 4 44 D.29 180 R ― In copper 7 180A W&R 145, wt. 38.86g R ― In gold

“In spite of the fact that few collectors will ever be in the position to own a specimen of these very rare patterns, apart from, perhaps, the odd one or two, they are recorded for the sake of interest. Many are unique” 275

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS Matthew Bolton, of Birmingham, over-stamped Spanish Dollars 5 with a new design for the first issue of these Bank of England dollars. Later the Spanish dollars were melted down and the silver used to coin in the normal way.

:C·H·K

·:C·H·K

Types A-D Stop after REX

C·H·K

Type E No stop after REX

PATTERNS

K Type H

1st leaf to upright of E

Type K

1st leaf to centre of E

1st leaf to end of E 276

1st leaf to upright of D

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS

Rev. 2

Rev. 3

5 Rev. 4

Normal raised K

Rev. 5

Inverted raised K

277

Inverted incuse K

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS Obv.

A.

First bust, right, laureate and draped. First leaf of laurel points to the upright of E in DEI; on the truncation, · : C · H · K · or : C · H · K ; the stops before the C not always clear GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Stop after REX.)

B.

Similar, but only a colon before : C H K (no stops between)

C.

As ‘A’ but, leaf to centre of E in DEI

D.

As ‘A’ but, leaf to end of E in DEI, and C.H.K. close

E.

As ‘A’ but, no stop after REX, leaf to centre of E in DEI

F.

Leaf to centre of E, and · · K on truncation

G.

As ‘F’ but, leaf to upright of E

H.

First leaf to D, on truncation : . C.H.K. GEORGIUS III · DEI GRATIA · (minus REX)

I.

Similar to ‘H’ but · : C.H.K. on truncation

J.

Similar to ‘H’ but either · : K or . : K . on truncation

K.

Second bust, left, smaller laureate and draped, first leaf to upright of D; Ë·Ë on truncation; five berries in wreath GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX .

L.

Similar to ‘K’, but six berries

2

Britannia seated facing left, in her left hand a spear, her arm resting on a shield above a cornucopia, in her right hand an olive branch, all within a crowned oval band with the words; FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR letter K in relief under shield BANK OF ENGLAND date 1804 below

2a

Similar, but K inverted thus

2b

Similar, but the inverted

Leg.

Leg.

Leg.

Rev.

Leg.

278

3

is incuse 3

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS 3.

Royal arms within Garter date 18 04 above DOLLAR below BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR

4.

Britannia seated left, holding a spear in right hand and resting her left arm on a shield, large ground below. BANK OF ENGLAND TOKEN. In exergue, FIVE SHILLINGS // & SIXPENCE // 1811.

5.

BANK // TOKEN // 5s. 6d. // 1811 within an oak wreath, stem slightly downwards, I.P. under tie

5a.

Similar, but stem slightly upwards, I·P. under tie

Type

A/2.

1st bust right, 1st laurel leaf points to the upright of E in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. (Only 1 stop) Rev. 2 – Britannia – FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR Spink 3768

ESC 1925

Date

Leg.

Leg.

1804

Obv/rv

A/2

Varieties, remarks etc.

Rev. K in relief under shield

L&S

Davis

(Old ESC)

2

C

53

D.17

144

R R3 R4

54

R

Weights vary between 26.82-27.02g

1926 1927 1928

— — — B/2.

1929

1804

1930

— C/2.

1931

1804

1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937

— — — — — —

— — A/2b

Proof Proof in copper Inverted K incuse under shield

55 56

145 D.18

146 147

Stop after REX. 1st bust right, 1st leaf to upright of E in DEI Rev. 2 – Britannia – FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR Spink 3768 57 D.16 148 R : C H K (no stops between) B/2 Rev. K in relief under shield 84 148A Silver proof, en medaille ↑↑ R — Stop after REX. 1st bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI Rev. 2 – Britannia – FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR Spink 3768 58 D.10 149 S : C H K (no stops between) C/2 Rev. K in relief under shield 59 150 Proof in silver S — 151 Proof in silver gilt wt. 24.57g R5 60 — 61 D.11 152 Proof in copper S — 62 D.11 152 Proof in copper on a thick flan S — 152B Proof in copper-nickel R5 — 152A Proof in nickel-silver (restrike) R5 — (continued)

279

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS Date

Obv/rv

ESC 1938

1804

C/2a

1939 1940 1941 1942 1943

— — — — —

— — C/2b — —

D/2. 1944

1804

1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950

— — — — — — E/2.

1951 1952 1953 1954 1955

1804 — — — —

1956

— E/3.

1957

1804 C/3.

1958

1804

Varieties, remarks etc.

Inverted K in relief under shield. In silver Proof in silver Proof in copper Inverted K incuse under shield Proof en medaille wt. 26.97g Proof in copper (Not traced)

R

L&S

Davis

(Old ESC)

R

63

D.19

153

R R S R7 R3

64



65 66

154 155

D. 6

156 156A

67

D. 7

157

Stop after REX. 1st bust right, 1st leaf to end of E in DEI Rev. 2 – Britannia – FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR Spink 3768 158 : C H K (no stops between) R3 68 D/2 Rev. K in relief under shield R2 69 D. 8 159 D/2a Inverted K relief under shield 70 160 Proof in silver R — 160A Proof in silver gilt R5 — Proof in copper R2 71 D. 9 161 — D/2b Inverted K incuse under shield R2 72 D.12 162 Proof in copper R2 73 D.13 163 — 1st bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI No stop after REX Rev. 2 – Britannia – FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR Spink 3768 Rev. K in relief under shield C 74 D.14 164 E/2 75 165 Proof in silver R — 165A Proof on a thicker flan wt. 35g R4 76 — 77 D.15 166 Proof in copper R — — 167 R4 78 Proof in silver. C.H.K. recut — wt.35.6-37.2g Very thick flan 164A Proof in copper. Thicker flan R3 79 — 1st bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI No stop after REX Rev. 3 – Royal arms within Garter - DOLLAR Spink 3768 167B Mule R6 E/3 Stop after REX. 1st bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI Rev. 3 – Royal arms within Garter - DOLLAR Spink 3768 In copper wt. 30.6 g R6 C/3

280

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS G/3. ESC 1959 1960

1961 1962

(Old ESC)

R3 R5

99

D.24

188

100

D.25

189

G/3 —

H/3

1st bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III · DEI GRATIA · (No REX & 2 stops) Rev. 3 – Royal arms within Garter - DOLLAR Spink 3768 90 D.20 181 : . C.H.K. on truncation R H/3 181A On a thick flan wt. 31.975g R6 —

1804

1964 1965

— — J/3 1804 — — K/3. 1804 I/2.

1970

Davis

1804 —

1963

1969

L&S

Obv/rv

1804 —

1804

Varieties, remarks etc.

R

Date

I/3

1966 1967 1968

Stop after REX. 1st bust right, 1st leaf to upright of E in DEI Rev. 3 – Royal arms within Garter - DOLLAR Spink 3768 (Not traced)

In copper

1st bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III · DEI GRATIA · (No REX & 2 stops) Rev. 3 – Royal arms within Garter - DOLLAR Spink 3768 91 D.21 182 . : C.H.K. on truncation R I/3 (Under-type often apparent ) D.22 183 In copper (Not traced) R4 92 — 5 93 184 In white metal R — 1st bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III · DEI GRATIA · (No REX & 2 stops) Rev. 3 – Royal arms within Garter - DOLLAR Spink 3768 D.23 185 · : K or . : K. on truncation R3 95 J/3 — 186 . : K on truncation2 R4 97 — 4 98 — 187 In copper ↑↓ wt. 24.0g R — 2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, five berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 3 – Royal arms within Garter - DOLLAR Spink 3768 6 101 D.24 189X In copper wt. 30.54 g R K/3 1st bust bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 2 – Britannia holding olive branch, within value 190 : . C.H.K. on truncation R5 80 I/2 Silver pattern

281

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS J/2. ESC 1971

Date

1804 K/2.

1972

1804 L/2.

1973

1804 C/4.

1974 1975

1811 —

1976 1977

— — D/4.

1978 1979

1811 — C/5a.

1980 1981

1811 —

First bust right, 1st leaf to D in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 2 – Britannia holding olive branch, within value Obv/rv

J/2

Varieties, remarks etc.

· : K or . : K. on truncation Silver pattern

L&S

R

R

5

81

Davis

(Old ESC)

191

2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, five berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 2 – Britannia holding olive branch, within value D.41 193 Copper pattern R3 83 K/2 2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, six berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 2 – Britannia holding olive branch, within value D.41 192 Copper pattern R3 82 L/2 1st bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 4 – Britannia holding spear on exergue line D.30 194 R4 105 C/4 194A In bronzed copper on a thick R7 107 — wt. 36.667g flan D.31 195 In copper a thick flan 1 R3 106 — 195A In copper gilt R6 108 — 1st bust right, 1st leaf to end of E in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 4 – Britannia holding spear on exergue line D.32 196 R4 109 D/4 4 110 D.33 197 In copper (Not traced) R — 1st bust right, 1st leaf to centre of E in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 5 – Wreath - BANK // TOKEN // 5s. 6d. D.42 208 R4 132 C/5a 2 133 D.43 209 In copper R —

282

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS K/2. ESC 1982

1983 1984 1985

Date

Varieties, remarks etc.

L&S

R 4

R

Davis

(Old ESC)

D.27

199B

/41

K/2

K/4.

2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, five berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 4 – Britannia holding spear on exergue line D.26 198 R3 111 K/4 1 D.27 199 In copper R2 112 — 199A In copper, thick flan wt.44·28g R2 —

1811 — —

1811 — — — L/5.

1990 1991 1992

Obv/rv

1811

L/4. 1986 1987 1988 1989

2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, five berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 2 – Britannia holding olive branch, within value

1811 — — K/5.

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

1811 — — — —

1998



2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, six berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 4 – Britannia holding spear on exergue line D.28 200 R4 113 L/4 3 114 201 In copper R — 7 115 202 In white metal, thick flan R — 6 116 202A Copper washed (Looks plated) R — 2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, six berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 5 – Wreath - BANK // TOKEN // 5s. 6d. D.34 203 R4 121 L/5 D.35 204 In copper R4 122 — 204A In silver, thin flan wt. 426grs R3 123 — 2nd bust, left, 1st leaf to upright of D, five berries in wreath Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 5 – Wreath - BANK // TOKEN // 5s. 6d. 204 In silver (2 known) wt. 31.2g R7 K/5 6 D.36 205 wt. 445 grs-28.83g R3 124 K/5a In silver D.36 205A In silver, thick flan wt. 32.01g R5 125 — 126 D.37 206 In copper wt. 24.94g-25.66g S — D.37 206A In copper Stop nearer to bust R3 127 — and different figures in date 128 D.37 206B In copper, thin flan wt .22.29g S — (continued)

283

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS Date

Obv/rv

ESC 1999 2000

1811 —

K/5a —

2001





D/5a. 2002

1811

Varieties, remarks etc.

Copper, thick flan wt. 26.89g In copper on an extra thick wt.42.25g flan In brass

R

L&S

Davis

S R

129

D.37

(Old ESC)

130

D.37

206B

R6

131

D.38

207

1st bust right, 1st leaf to end of E in DEI Leg. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX . (Only 1 stop) Rev. 5 – Wreath - BANK // TOKEN // 5s. 6d. (Not traced) D.44 210 R4 134 D/5a

PATTERN

2003

2004

Obv. Leg. —

Uniface trial striking of obverse used on the 1811 pattern by W. Philip, struck in lead (Unique?) Laureate and draped bust left, signature below GEORGIUS III . PIUS DEFENSOR FIDEI. As before but minus the signature below bust

L&S 145

146

The column headed; ‘Davis №’ is reference to; ‘The Nineteenth Century Token Coinage’ by W.J. Davis L&S refers to the classification numbers by Linecar and Stone. Spink 1968 L&S 141 (uniface reverse), 142 (uniface reverse) & 143(uniface obverse) ignored 1 2 3 5 6

These coins are probably mules Struck over octagonal countermarked dollar 2a & 2b listed as inverted K but is it an H for Halliday? On many coins, part of the design/legend on the host coin is still visible These are the weights recorded by Lingford, weights of others will vary

284

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

LAST OR NEW COINAGE CROWNS Type Obv. Leg.

Only the one Large laureate bust, right, PISTRUCCI below truncation Starting at 7 o’clock; GEORGIUS III D : G : BRITANNIARUM REX F:D: Date below truncation DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI followed by the regnal year in Roman numerals, all in high relief and occupying the whole width of the edge. St George slaying the dragon, broken lance on the ground. In exergue PISTRUCCI all within the Garter with motto; HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE. W (Wyon) on buckle

Edge Rev.

8 over 1? 9 over 8? Obv.

Rev.

20 over 19 PISTRUCCI H

N

PISTRUCCI Double entered letters W on buckle

285

M

Y

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

LAST OR NEW COINAGE CROWNS Spink 3787 ESC 2005 2006 2007

Date

Edge

year

1818 — —

LVIII — —

(58) — —

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

— — 1819 — — — — — 1820 — — —

— LIX — — — LX — None LX — — —

— (59) — — — (60) — (60) — — —

Varieties

Proof 1 Pattern (3 known) Edge incuse with star stops Edge in wrong order 4 See note 2 No stops on edge 8 over 1? & 9 over 8? Proof 1 Proof, plain edge See note 3 Proof 1 20 over 19 S over T in SOIT

(Unique)

R

L&S

C R2 R6

197

212

198

213

R5 C C2 R3 R3 N R2 R7 C R3 R3 R3

(Old ESC)

211

213A 214 215 215A 215B 216 203 204

217 218 219

206

220 220A 220B

1

With some hesitancy these inscribed edge proofs have been included as they have been published previously and are generally considered to have been struck. This is confirmed by the other denominations of which there are undoubted proofs. The standard of the striking of these crowns was so high and they were issued, and are still found, in such perfect preservation that it is almost impossible to distinguish a proof from a perfect ordinary specimen

2

This coin exists with the date crudely re-engraved.

3

We have seen photographs of the reverse of a crown dated 1820, which clearly shows traces of certain letters in the Garter legend having been re-engraved on the die.

4

Reads; DECUS ANNO REGNI ET TUTAMEN LVIII These two sub-varieties are considered insignificant; 1818 (Old ESC 214, Dr Rees Jones 204) unbarred A in TVTAMEN (filled die?) and 1819 (Old ESC 214, Dr Rees Jones 206) rev. garter ruled slightly thicker, different reverse die. Note The following unique (?) L&S numbers are omitted: 199-202; 205; 215-218

286

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

Obv. M ESC 2020

W. WYON.

Rev. 6

Type

Varieties, remarks etc

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

M/6 Obv

By W. Wyon, dated 1817 Bare, laureate bust, right W. WYON. below a shorter truncation GEORGIUS III D:G: BRITANNIARUM REX F : D : ― 1817 1. Three figures emblematical of the three kingdoms (the ‘Three Graces’) with emblems and shield; W. WYON. to the left of harp; palm branch and quiver in exergue. FOEDUS INVIOLABILE in smaller letters than obverse ‘An unbreakable treaty’ Edge, plain (50 struck) weights vary 24.6g-25.1g In gold (3 known) wt. 52.45g In copper In white metal; or lead? wt. 33.88g In tin. Heavily frosted, wt. 44.80g Sealed in glass lunettes (2 known) Uniface obverse in copper (Unique?)

R2

152

223

R6 R6 R5 R6

153

224

154

225

R7

156

Leg Rev

Leg 2021 2022 2023 2024

― ― ― ―

2025



155

226 226A 225

Note In 1968 Linecar and Stone published a die study of all known examples of George III pattern crowns, and listed all the engraver’s uniface trials, usually in soft metals. Usually these are unique strikings, rarely available to collectors, so most are omitted from this edition of E.S.C. The following is a list of the numbers omitted: L&S 45-48; 141-144; 164; 168-177; 189; 190; 199-202 & 205. Please refer to their publication for details.

287

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

Rev. 7 Small lion & thistle ESC 2026

Type

N/7 Rev

2027

Leg Edge —

2028

N/8

Obv. N W. WYON

Rev. 8 Larger lion & thistle

Varieties, remarks etc

L&S

(Old ESC)

R

157

227

R7

157A

228

R7

158

228A

R

Similar, but larger lettering on obv. No F:D:, signature W. WYON (script capitals) 2. Small lion’s head above a small thistle, artist’s name in exergue in place of ornament. Smaller lettering than obverse FŒDUS spelt with Œ for OE Plain. In lead on a very thick flan Trial striking of the unfinished obverse die above, minus the artist’s name Struck in lead with a copper coating, on the obverse only, on a thin flan As before but with reverse 3. - Similar to reverse 2, but larger lion’s head and thistle In lead on a piedfort flan

288

7

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

W. WYON: Obv. O ESC 2029

Type

O/9 Obv Leg. Rev. Leg.

2030 2031

— —

2032



Rev. 9

Varieties, remarks etc

L&S

(Old ESC)

4

159

229

R5 R5

160

230

161

230A

R6

162

230B

R

By W. Wyon, dated 1817 Broad bust, draped and laureate, right, W. WYON: below truncation, date below GEORGIUS III D:G: BRITANNIARUM REX 4. Large crowned shield (somewhat similar in design to Simon’s Cromwell crown). INCORRUPTA FIDES VERITASQUE ‘An untarnished faith’ (25 struck) Edge, plain In gold (7 known) wt. 48.61g- 50.34g Uniface obverse as before wt. 617grs-39.98g In silver on a thick flan Trial striking of obverse die in lead

Obv. P

R

Rev. 10a 289

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS ESC 2033

Type

P/10a Obv Leg. Rev.

2034

Edge —

Varieties, remarks etc

By Pistrucci, dated 1817 (unsigned) Laureate bust, right, tie with bow and two ends, rather like the adopted coin but broader and with slightly shorter neck GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA BRITANNIARUM REX F: D: 1817 No beaded border either side 10a. St George and dragon within the Garter with usual legend and ruled with fine horizontal lines, large wide buckle, with engraver’s centring spot on the horse’s body. Short ground line below horseman wt. 36.13g Plain, thick flan Trial striking of obverse die with plain edge In lead on a large broad flan

Obv. Q 2035

Q/10b Rev.

Edge

L&S

(Old ESC)

6

R

163

231

R7

165

R

Rev. 10b

As last but, reads D.G. BRITANNIARUM 10b. Wider Garter, motto in larger letters No initials on small buckle, 3 buckle holes, engraver’s centring spot on the horse’s body. Short ground line below horseman wt. 436 grs DECUS ET TUTAMEN · ANNO REGNI LVIII (58) in raised letters wt. 28.25g between two fine cord borders

290

R7

167

233

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

Obv. R ESC 2036

Type

R/10b Obv Rev.

Edge

Obv. S

With centring spot and short ground

Rev. 10c

Varieties, remarks etc

R

By Pistrucci, dated 1817 (unsigned) Laureate bust, right, as before, wider space either side of date due to legend reading BRITANNIAR: (not BRITANNIARUM) 10c. Similar to 10a, but narrower Garter, not shaded with lines, W.W.P. on small buckle, 5 buckle holes, with engraver’s centring spot on the horse’s body and short ground below Beaded borders both sides Incuse reads; DECVS ET TUTAMEN·ANNO REGNI QUINQUAGESIMO SEPTIMO (sic) wt. 28.19g; 435grains (fifty-seventh year)

10d – with centring spot and long ground 291

7

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

166

232

Rev. 10e – no spot with long ground

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS ESC 2037

Type

S/10d Obv

Leg. Rev.

2038 2039

― S/10e

2040 2041 2042

Edge ― ― T/10d

2043

T/10f Edge

2044

T/10g

2045

T/10h

2046

T/10i

2047

T/10j

Varieties, remarks etc

R

By Pistrucci, dated 1818 Very large ‘Bull-like’ bust, laureate, right, two ties (No bow) to wreath, PISTRUCCI in small letters below truncation. Small toothed border each side. GEORGIUS III D: G: BRITANNIARUM REX F: D: ― 1818 St George and dragon within narrow Garter ruled with fine horizontal lines, 3 buckle holes, with engraver’s centring spot on the horse’s body and long ground below PISTRUCCI in exergue. Plain edge In lead on a larger flan As before, but the engraver’s centring spot on the horse’s body has been removed Plain In gold (2 known?) wt. 38.63g In white metal In silver. As type S/10d, but with edge legend: DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI LVIII (58) (assumed full edge reading) In silver. As type S/10e, but with edge inscribed in large letters as on current coin, filling the width of the edge DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI LVIII (58) In silver. As type T/10f, but edge incusely inscribed in letters which do not occupy the whole width of the flan In silver. As type T/10g, but edge inscribed in raised letters which do not occupy the whole width of the flan In lead. As type T/10g, edge incuse, but reverse with a very heavy toothed border In silver. As type T/10i, but the obverse is unpolished

292

L&S

(Old ESC)

5

R

178

234

R7 R5

179

235

180

234

R7 R7 R7

181

234A

182

234B

179A

235A

R5

183

236

R5

184

238

R6

185

237

R7

186

239

R7

187

239A

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

Obv. S variety ESC 2048

Type

S/10b Rev. Edge

Short ground ground

Rev. 10b variety

Varieties, remarks etc

R

Obverse as type S, but the toothed border is coarser. The die is unpolished Similar to 10b, but buckle holes indistinct and without a border Plain. In silver

7

R

L&S 188

Obv. U in Silver Obverse U in Lead R7 191 Uniface obverse by Pistrucci, dated 1818 U Laureate bust, right, ties hang down very similar to currency issue Signed PISTRUCCI below truncation Leg GEORGIUS III D:G: BRITANNIARUM REX F:D: 1818 Edge Plain. Struck in silver from a broken die 1 2050 In lead R2 192 ―

(Old ESC)

240

2049

293

244

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

Obv. V

Centring spot removed Long ground

PISTRUCCI ESC 2051

Date

V/10h

Leg. Rev. Edge 2052 2053 2054

― ― W/10i

Edge

Rev. 10h

PISTRUCCI

Varieties, remarks etc

L&S

(Old ESC)

6

193

241

R7 R7

194

241A

195

242

196

242A

R

Similar to 1818 currency coin, but lettering on obverse larger, back of the truncation of the neck is chamfered sharply, PISTRUCCI in fine letters below truncation GEORGIUS III D:G: BRITANNIARUM REX F:D: 1818 The Garter is narrow and ruled with fine horizontal lines. 3 buckle holes. PISTRUCCI in fine lettering in exergue in raised letters with cinquefoil stops DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI wt. 28.25g LVIII (58) Edge, incusely inscribed with star stops Edge, plain As before but, obverse lettering smaller, exactly as that on the coin for currency and the Garter on the reverse narrower and not ruled with horizontal lines. The borders are toothed* (Unique?) Plain. In white metal

R

*After Pistrucci slightly altered the amount cut off at the back of the neck and straightened the truncation line this was ready for currency production

294

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

JM · D ·

Obv. X ESC 2055

1

Fecit

Rev. 11

Type

Varieties, remarks etc

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

X/11 Obv

By Webb and Mills for Mudie, undated Tall bare, laureate bust, right, beneath, in script, JM. D and TW. F. GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA Four crowned cruciform shields, with the badge of the Garter, in the centre, in the angles, separately, a rose, thistle, shamrock and the Hanover horse. In the angle above the rose at 10 o’clock Mills fecit Plain. In lead

S

214

221

R5

215

222

Leg. Rev.

2056

Mills

TW ·F ·

Edge ―

“This is a most interesting piece in that it was Pistrucci’s finest impression of George III’s head produced. Originally a note from the artist accompanied this coin, (Now lost) which read; “Enclosed is a proof of the head of the 5 Shilling piece of George III, of extremely rarity, being unique, the die having broken as may be seen by the flaw in the impression. This is different from all, and as regard the work it is the best head which I ever did for that coin. I never succeeded in re-doing it as fine, notwithstanding the innumerable times I had to repeat the puncheons and dies of the said coin, which broke, and although I nearly always used the remainder of this puncheon to do the others, it will be clearly seen that the first is always the best. This is in my possession, as the mintmaster gave it to me, as he did at other times, not asking me for the payment of the metal, as I was obliged to pay afterwards” My grateful thanks to Glendining & Co for this appendix to Herbert M. Lingford lot 486, Part I, Tuesday October 24th 1950 (M.B.) Until an-depth die study is published to separate the genuine from Taylor’s re-strikes, all recorded varieties of both are listed and numbered. (M.B.)

295

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

PATTERN CROWNS

Obv. Y ESC 2057

Type

Y/12 Obv

Leg. Rev. Leg. 2058 2059 2060 2

Edge ― ― ―

Rev. 12

Varieties, remarks etc

L&S

(Old ESC)

5

R

211

243

R5 R2 R6

212

244

213

245

R

By J.P. Droz, dated 1820, after Monneron’s pattern by Dupré of 1792 The figure of Hercules seated on a lion’s skin, on the seashore, with his club by his right ankle, breaking a bundle of sticks across his left knee. Behind him is the base of an ornamented column: in front, the sea and four ships. The date, 1820, is in an unusually large exergue, above a wreath VIS VNITATE FORTIOR ‘Strength is stronger through unity’ A crowned shield of arms of England and Scotland; France, Ireland and Hanover DECVS ET TVTAMEN ‘An ornament and a safeguard’ (18 struck) Plain 2 In gold (7 struck) (Not traced) In copper In copper gilt

243A

This has been left under the reign of George III, where it is usually put, but Brooke gives it To George IV, as he had found it assigned to that reign in a sale catalogue of 1828. The type is hardly applicable to either reign, but one would expect to find it as a suggestion for a new reign, as the king would naturally expect his portrait to be used: maybe it should be classified as a medal rather than a coin. (P.A.R.) The first public offering of this piece in the J.T. Brockett sale in June 1823 (H&R 1823.8) lot 1199, where it says: “No more than 25 having been struck in silver.” However, an MS note in one copy of this catalogue says “Only 18 copies of № 1199 were struck in silver7 were struck in gold, making the 25 above mentioned.” (P.A.R.)

296

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND TOKENS THREE SHILLINGS FIRST BUST 1

2 ties (Avar)

Avar

1 tie (A1)

Front leaf between DE

Front leaf to upright of E

Front leaf to end of E

A2

A3

A4

1 - Wreath unbroken

2 - Wreath with a gap 297

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND TOKENS Obv. Leg.

Avar A1 A2 A3

Rev.

11

Laureate draped bust in armour, right, front leaf points to end of E in DEI (No visible berries in wreath) Two tie ends protrude GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX Similar, but smaller bust and changes to hair style, most noticeable at the back of neck, a single tie end protruding, five berries in wreath, front laurel leaf to end of E Similar, but front leaf between D and E Similar, but front leaf to back of E, four berries in wreath

12 13 14

BANK // TOKEN // 3 SHILL. // 1811 arranged low within oak wreath with twenty-seven acorns, top leaves touching. Large distinctive border and plain edge Similar, but with twenty-six acorns Similar, but with twenty-five acorns Similar, but with twenty-four acorns

2

Similar, but with a gap between top leaves, dated 1812 to 1816 First bust; laureate and draped in armour

ESC 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076

Date

1811 ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― 1812 ―

Obv var

A ― A1 ― ― ― A2 ― ― ― A3 ― ― ― A1 ―

Rev

Varieties

Spink 3769 R

Davis

(Old ESC)

D.49

407

D.48

407A A1/11

D.48

408

A1/12

409

A1/12

1

1 ― ― ― 12 ― 11 12 13 ― 11 12 14 ― 2 ―

Proof

(Not traced) 2

Proof Proof Proof

(Not traced) (Not traced) (Not traced)

Proof Proof Proof Proof Proof

(Not traced)

298

C C2 R R4 R2 R2 R2 R4 R4 R2 R2 C

A1/11

409A A2/11 D.47

410

A2/12

D.46

411

A2/13

412

A2/11

414A A3/12 414B A3/13 D.45 D. 50

413

A3/14

414

A3/14

415

A4/12

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND TOKENS THREE SHILLINGS SECOND BUST

Oak and laurel B1

3

B1

Laureate, undraped bust, right, wreath with 2 long ties, no berries top leaf to centre of D, and legend as before in larger letters Plain edge and plain border (Not traced, but recorded by Rayner)

Var.

B2

Similar, but top leaf between I and G

Rev.

3

BANK // TOKEN // 3 SHILL. // 1812, 13, 14, 15 & 16 Within a wreath of oak and olive; 16 acorns & 16 berries

ESC 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085

Date

Second bust; laureate and undraped, no beading 1812 ― ― ― ― 1813 1814 1815 1816 1

Obv 1

B ― B2 ― ― ― ― ― ―

Rev

3 ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ―

Varieties

R (Not traced)

Proof in platinum (Not traced) Proof Proof in gold

3

R R6 C R R7 C C C R3

Spink 3770 Davis

(Old ESC)

D. 55

419 B2/2

D. 56

420 B2/2

D. 52

416 B1/2 417 B1/2

D. 53

418 B1/2

D. 57

421 B1/2

D. 58

422 B1/2

D. 59

423 B1/2

D. 60

424 B1/2

All combinations have been allowed for; those with ‘not traced’ are possibilities

299

GEORGE III, 1760-1820 LAST OR NEW COINAGE HALFCROWNS Trial striking by Benedetto Pistrucci after Thomas Wyon In copper on Crown-size flan

D/T

WWP

W

Obv. A Type

A.

Leg. Rev.

1

Leg.

Rev. 1 Large head ‘Bull head’, heavy looking features with a shoulder Laureate bust, right, long truncation, date below GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA Top of head divides legend. Edge, Milled Baroque-style shield within the Garter and Collar of the Garter, St George pendant below, small crown above BRITANNIARUM REX FID : DEF : Small lettering on both sides WWP in left, W in right garniture (William Wellesley Pole; Mint Master & William Wyon)

E over E

Obv. B

W 300

Rev. 2

GEORGE III, 1760-1820 LAST OR NEW COINAGE HALFCROWNS B. Leg. Rev.

2

Leg.

A/1. Date

ESC 2086 2087 2088 2089

1816 ― ― ―

2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095

1817 ― ― ― ― ―

2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107

B/2. 1817 ― ― 1818 ― ― 1819 ― ― 1820 ― ―

‘Small head’, much neater looking, within legend Laureate bust, right, short truncation at neck, date below GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA In larger letters, continuous overhead. Edge, Milled Plain scalloped shield, a large crown above overlays the Surrounding Garter (No Collar) and divides the legend. BRITANNIARUM REX FID : DEF : Large lettering both sides, only W (Wyon) on buckle Normal striking now en medaille ↑↑ i.e. both sides same way up Large head / rev. 1 - Irish harp with 6 strings Varieties

Proof wt. 14.13g Proof, with plain edge wt. 14.20g Trial striking in copper on a crown size flan Edge DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI L&S 151 QUINQUAGESIMO SEPTIMO D over T in DEI I over S in PENSE Proof Proof in copper Proof, with plain edge

wt. 14.10g

Small head / rev. 2 - Irish harp with 6 strings Proof Proof, with plain edge

wt. 14.22g

Reversed Proof

wt. 14.11g

wt. 14.17g

in Garter motto

9 over 8 Proof

wt. 14.13g

Proof, with plain edge Proof, with milled edge

wt. 14.11g

301

Spink 3788 R

(Old ESC)

C R2 R2 R6

613

C R R3 R2 R6 R5

616

614 615 615A

616A 616B 617 617A 617B

Spink 3789 C2 618 R2 619 620 R C 621 R5 621A R4 622 C 623 R? 623A? R3 624 625 S R3 626 R5 626A

GEORGE III, 1760-1820 LAST OR NEW COINAGE HALFCROWNS PATTERNS

WWP 2108

B1 1817

W

Small head with 3rd reverse By T. Wyon, dated 1817 B1 Obv. As the ‘small head’ but slightly different wt. 14.11g features. Struck ↑↓ Milled edge Rev. Three, similar to second, but different shape and garnished, the garnishing overlapping the Garter. WWP in left, and W in right garniture

R4

B1

B2 Note alignment of leaves with DEI 2109

B2 1817

Small head variety with 3rd reverse By T. Wyon, dated 1817 B2 Obv. As B1, but slightly different spacing and & alignment of legend, most noticeable with date Rev. and truncation and subtle differences in (6 strings) wt. 14.12g garniture on reverse

302

R4

627A

GEORGE III, 1760-1820 LAST OR NEW COINAGE HALFCROWNS

2110

181Obv. Rev. 1

R7

There are several small differences to the currency issue. The features are softer, the lowest curl is missing from in front of the ear and the curls behind the ear are less detailed Ex B. Pistrucci, died 1852, J.G. Murdoch, Sotheby 16 March 19014 (286 part), SNC December 1905, № 22458, H.M. Lingford, collection purchased en bloc by Baldwin 1951, Spink 177 (580) and M. Rasmussen 12/157

2111 Obv. Rev. 2

By Benedetto Pistrucci after Thomas Wyon Unfinished date 1 Uniface trial in silver on a thin flan Large laureate head Incomplete date below 181 (Unique?) wt. 14.10g Plain and unworked

By Benedetto Pistrucci, undated 2 Uniface trial in copper of the puncheon for the small laureate head incuse facing left with ribbon at back of head. Blank with a pair of small circles at centre

See Spink Milled Silver Coinage 1925, page 105, trial piece 5

303

R7

627B

GEORGE III, 1760-1820 LAST OR NEW COINAGE HALFCROWNS Arthur M. Fitts Collection, lot 2180 DNW Auction 124, 16 September 2014, A group of five trials of the unfinished obverse portrait for the second issue Halfcrown [181...

304

GEORGE III, 1760-1820 LAST OR NEW COINAGE HALFCROWNS Footnote to lot 2180. Provenance: B. Pistrucci Collection; J.G. Murdoch Collection, Part III, Sotheby Auction, 15-19 March 1904, lot 283; Baron Philippe de Ferrari la Renotière Collection, Sotheby Auction, 27-31 March 1922, lot 88; An Important Collection of English Milled Silver Coins, Glendining Auct., 4 Oct. 1962, lot 132.Forrer (p.605), copying the Murdoch sale catalogue entry, states that originally there were six trials in the set, but the original document signed by Pistrucci that was sold with the trials in the 19th century stated that one (presumably numbered 6 on the back) had been sold ‘evidently many years ago.’ Forrer goes on to translate a portion of Pistrucci’s notes on the pieces: ‘To do this work (i.e. the Half Crowns) which was my second in steel I had from time to time incuse proofs made of the puncheon in order to verify the perfection of the flan before going on with the work. This I did with the permission of the Master of the Mint, because I did not want Mr Wyon to deceive me, as he had done previously in making me work on a false (uneven?) surface and I explained that I could not get along with the work which was quite lost, and that I was obliged to begin again three times, because I had been given a bad puncheon to work upon. At the end the mint master remonstrated with Mr Wyon, who was obliged to give me a good puncheon, which is the one with which I produced afterwards the Half Crowns of George III, showing the neck only.’ The background to the issue of a second type of halfcrown in the last coinage of George III, driven as it was by the internal Mint politics of the time, is amplified by Christopher Challis (A New History of the Royal Mint, 1992, pp.472-89) and Kevin Clancy (’The Reducing Machine and the last coinage of George III’), BNJ 2000, pp.118-23. With Benedetto Pistrucci’s new portrait of the king for the halfcrown, copied by hand and transferred into steel coinage tools from a jasper model by the young Thomas Wyon (†22 September 1817), meeting hostility from within the Mint from the likes of William Wellesley Pole, the Master, and other contemporaries, Pole ordered that the new ‘bull head’ halfcrowns, which first saw the light of day in March 1817, were to be sent to the most distant parts of the country so they were not seen to be circulating in the metropolis. Meanwhile, the Mint had employed Soho’s reducing machine to produce a new portrait and master tools for the obverse of what became the second type of halfcrown were available in February. Although it is undocumented as to exactly when the original halfcrown obverse gave way to the new type from the perspective of issued coin, it is known that royal approval of the new design was received on 26 April 1817. This page is reproduced courtesy of Chris Webb. Director of DNW 305

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND TOKENS EIGHTEEN PENCE Similar to Three shillings but, with subtle differences

Type A3 Obv.

A3

Rev.

2.

Rev.

B2 3.

Type B2

First bust, wider spacing in legend due to smaller lettering, Front leaf to back of E With a gap in wreath of oak leaves, small lettering. Value reads; 1 S. 6 D.. Dates 1811 & 12 Second bust, with berries in wreath, top leaf between D and E With a wreath of oak and laurel leaves, larger lettering. Value reads; 1 S. 6 D. Dates 1812, 13, 14, 15 & 16

First bust; laureate and draped in armour / rev. 2 ESC 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123

Date

Obv

Rev

1811 ― 1812

A3 ― ―

2 ― ―

Spink 3771

Varieties

R

Davis

D.61

Proof

C S C C S R7 R7 C R7 C C C

D.64

Second bust; laureate and undraped / rev. 3 3 1812 B2 ― ― Proof ― ― ― Proof, small lettering on rev. ― ― ― Proof in platinum ― 1813 ― ― ― ― ― Proof in platinum 1814 ― ― 1815 ― ― 1816 ― ― 306

(Old ESC)

969 970

D.63

971

Spink 3772 972 973 975 974 D.65 ―

976 976A

D.67

977

D.68

978

D.69

979

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS ‘Northumberland' A – 1st obv.

B – 2nd obv. All stops

1 – Plain in angles

Rev. 3 No stops at date Rev. 4 - With hearts

Rev. 2 - No hearts 1 over inverted 1

C – 3rd obv. No stop above head

D – 4th obv. Only stop after GRATIA• 307

E – 5th obv. No stops in leg.

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS Dorrien & Magens F - 6th obv.

Only stop after GRATIA •

5 - With hearts but Dated •1798•

NEW COINAGE Edge milling changed from oblique to straight with the introduction of this coinage G – 3rd head

Proof ‘Bull head’

Rev. 6 Unbarred H

High 8

I over S

9 over 3

Unbarred H & Stops in 308

9 over 9

s

R over E

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS Type

A.

Young head, draped and laureate, right, laurel leaves protrude well above head. Known as the ‘Northumberland Shilling’ 1 GEORGIVS • III • DEI • GRATIA • (Stop after III on leaf tip)

B.

As before but, hair less defined and no leaf tips above hair line. The epaulette is more defined on his shoulder As before but, with a clear stop after III • above head

C.

As before but, no stop after III above head

D.

As before but, only one stop in legend after GRATIA •

E.

As before but, no stops in legend

F.

Known as ‘The Dorrien and Magens shilling’, dated • 1798 • Similar to ‘D’ with only one stop after GRATIA • but, many subtle differences in hair style etc. and larger lettering

G.

‘Bull head’. Third bust, heavy looking features, laureate, right, Three tips of leaves protrude above, long straight ties hang down GEOR : III D:G: BRITT : REX F:D: Top of head divides legend, date below. Edge, straight milling

1.

As George II; crowned cruciform shields dividing legend Plain in angles, date in leg. at top divided by English/Sottish arms 63·M·B·F·ET· H·REX·F·D·B· ET·L·D·S·R·I· A·T·ET·E·17

2.

Uncrowned cruciform shields with straight edges, Garter star in centre and crowns in the angles. Hanoverian shield without semée of hearts. Leg. As before but, date •1787•, with flanking stops below the Irish arms

3.

As before but, no stops flanking date 1787

4.

As ‘2’ but, with semée of hearts in the Hanoverian shield •1787•

5.

As ‘4’ but, larger lettering and dated •1798• ‘Dorrien & Magens’

6.

Large baroque-style shield, crowned, within Garter with motto

Leg.

Leg.

Leg. Rev. Leg.

309

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS A/1 ESC 2124

2125 2126 2127

Date

1787 — —

1787

1787 — — —

1787 — — —

1787 E/2.

2138

S

1214

Similar but, with a clear stop after III • above head Rev. 2 - No semée of hearts, with stops by date Spink 3743 C2 1216 1 over inverted 1 in date R3 1216A Proof. Normal flan struck in a collar R2 1217

D2. 2137

(Old ESC)

B/2.

C/2. 2133 2134 2135 2136

R

See note 1

B/4. 2129 2130 2131 2132

Varieties

1763

B/3. 2128

‘Northumberland’ Young head with stop on tip of top laurel leaf Rev. 1- Plain in angles Spink 3742 wt. 6.02g (8s-7hts)

As before but with, Rev. 3 - No semée of hearts, no stops at date Spink 3745 1222 (7 strings) N Second 7 over 6 As before but with, Rev. 4 - With semée of hearts, date with stops (7 strings)

Lower half of semée of hearts missing (5 recorded) 1 of date over inverted 1 Pre-proof, Plain edge (Struck without a collar on a large heavy flan)

Spink 3746 N 1225 R3 1225A R2 1225A R4 1226

As before but, no stop after III (therefore no stop above head) Rev. 2 - No semée of hearts, with stops by date Spink 3744 N 1218 Proof R2 1219 Proof, Plain edge R3 1220 Proof, Heavy flan wt. 7.45g R4 1221 As before but, only one stop in legend after GRATIA • Rev. 2 - No semée of hearts, with stops by date Spink R4 Proof, plain edge As before but, no stops in legend Rev. 2 - No semée of hearts, with stops by date

1787

310

1224

Spink 3745A R4 1223

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS F/3. ESC 2139

Date

‘Dorrien & Magens Shilling’, with only stop after GRATIA • Rev. 3 - With semée of hearts Spink 3747 Varieties

(Old ESC)

R 5

1227 See note below* (< 20 known) (6 strings) R 1798 *In 1798. Dorrien & Magens and nine other banking firms sent (to the Mint) silver bullion for coinage to the amount of upwards of £30,000. This was partly coined into Shillings, but their issue was prohibited by order of the Lords of the Committee of Council. The name given above is so rendered in the Mint book, but in Lowndes London Directory for 1798, the firm is described as Dorrien, Magens, Mello, Martin and Harrison, 22 Finch Lane, Cornhill. Dorrien & Magens expressed their sentiments in an anonymous publication of the same year entitled, ‘Thoughts upon a new Coinage of Silver. ‘Royal Mint Museum Cat., Vol. I, p. 158

LAST OR NEW COINAGE G/6. 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163

1816 — — — 1817 — — — — — 1818 — 1819 — — — — 1820 — — — — — —

‘Bull head’, heavy looking features. Rev. 6 – Crowned baroque shield within Garter (5 strings)

Proof Proof in gold Proof, plain edge

wt. 7.97g

(Some have a broken B in BRITT – not to be mistaken for an R)

7 higher in date Unbarred H in IIONI Error I over S in HONI Error reads GEOR over E: Proof, plain edge Date re-cut and second 8 higher

wt. 5.64g (5 strings) (5 strings)

9 over 3 (Kevin Clancy, Director of R.M. Museum confirmed) 9 over 6 9 over 8 (5 strings) 9 over 9 (5 strings)

20 over 19 20 over 20 I over S in HONI H over (horizontal) in HONI Stops in s of H NI & S IT Proof 311

(5 strings)

Spink 3790 C2 1228 R3 1229 R7 1230 R5 1231 C 1232 R? 1232C R? 1232C R3 1232B R3 1232A R2 1233 1234 S 1234A R N 1235 1235A R 1235B R 1235C R 1235D R N 1236 R3 R3 R3 R2

1236A 1236B 1236C 1237

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

D1 2164

D1 Obv

D3 1238

2165





By Yeo Very similar to ‘Type A’, but with rather finer portrait and three curls instead of two wt. 5.44g on the shoulders. Edge, plain. GEORGIVS · III · DEI · GRATIA Crowned cruciform shields dividing leg. 63·M·B·F·ET· H·REX·F·D·B· ET·L·D·S·R·I· A·T·ET·E·17 Similar, but on heavier flan wt. 6.52g

2166

1775

D2

Similar, but with a later date

R5

1239

2167 2168 2169

1778 — —

D3 ― ―

Similar, but older bust, stop after GRATIA· Struck en medaille ↑↑ wt. 6.50g Similar, but heavier flan wt. 6.52g

R3 R3 R3

1240

1764

Leg. Rev. Leg.

E – No stop above head No hearts

R?

1238A

F – With stop above head With hearts 312

1240B 1240A

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 2170

1786

E

By Pingo As type C, but dated 1786, no stop over head, no stops flanking date and no semée of hearts. Edge, milled (2 known – B.M.& R.M. Collections)

R6

1215

2171

1787

F

R5

1241

2172





As type B; with a stop above head, dated 1787, but with a border of dots each side Stops flanking date, with semée of hearts (7 struck) wt. 5.7g Edge, plain As before on a thicker flan (168 struck) wt. 6.0g

R

1241A

R3

1242

R5 R7

1242A

G

2173

1787

G Obv Leg Rev

2174 2175

— —

― ―

By Droz, dated 1787 Tall laureate head of the king, right, with long hair and DF on pointed truncation, date below Edge, milled GEORGIUS III · D · G · MA · BR · F · ET · H · REX No legend, the royal cipher GR crowned Within branches of laurel. Edge, milled Similar, In brass (B.M. Collection) Uniface obverse. In lead wt. 4.41g

H

I

313

1242A

GEORGE III 1760-1820

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 2176

1798

H Obv Leg Rev Leg

2177 2178 2179

— — —

― ― ―

2180

1798

I Leg

2181





By Milton, dated 1798 Very large head with short hair, laureate, right, with date below GEORGIVS · III · DEI · wt. 7.64g-8.02g GRATIA · REX Large plain shield crowned, with British and Hanoverian arms in six divisions M·B·F·ET·H·REX·F·D·B·ET· L·D·S·R·I·A·T·ET·E· Edge, plain In silver gilt wt. 8.25g-8.54g In copper wt. 8.63g-10.09g Uniface obverse In lead wt. 9.33g

R5

1243

R5 R5 R5

1243A

Uniface obv. as before, date below, but reads GEORGIVS · TER TIUS · D · G · REX · wt. 5.66g 1798 In gold with milled edge wt. 9.33g

R5

1243

R5

1244A

R6

1245

R7

1245A

1244 1244A

J

2182

2183

(1816)



Leg Rev

By Thomas Wyon, undated (1816) Similar ‘Bull head’ to regular issue, but (3 known) smaller. Edge, milled GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA Square shield, garnished and crowned, the colours of the arms are not indicated BRITANNIARVM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR



In gold with milled edge

J Obv

(Uncertain if this is for a shilling or a sovereign) W&R 183, wt. 8.26g

314

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

BANK OF ENGLAND TOKENS PATTERNS NINEPENCE By T. Wyon Junior.

B2 - 2 berries

B2/1 Date

B2 var. - 5 berries

Second bust, laureate, undraped, right, 2 berries in King’s wreath Rev. 1 - BANK // TOKEN // 9 PENCE // 1812 Within a wreath of oak and laurel leaves Spink 3773A Varieties

R

Davis

(Old ESC)

ESC 2184

1812

2185 2186

B2 var./2 As before but die re-cut showing 5 distinct berries in wreath Rev. 2 – Reads BANK // TOKEN // 9 D // 1812 Spink 3773 Slightly larger lettering Edge, plain R3 D.71 1478 1812 Edge, plain In copper (Not traced) R6 D.72 1479 ―

xxxx

1825 Obv. Rev. Edge

wt. 3.53g

R6

1480

Mule striking on a 2 mm flan in Columbian platinum, wt. 9.43 gm George III Pattern Ninepence by Thomas Wyon jnr as before George IV Farthing by Benedetto Pistrucci Britannia seated right on rock with shield, olive branch and trident, lion behind, date in exergue, toothed border. Leg. BRITANNIAR: REX FID: DEF (4 known. Recorded for interest sake) Plain (Peck 1419) 313

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

SIXPENCES

Rev. 1 – no hearts

Obv. A

Rev. 2 – with hearts

T over B

Obv. B – normal colons

9 over 8 Type Leg. Rev. Rev.

A. 1 1 2

2 stops no colons (Filled die?)

Inverted 1

8 over 6

bvRev. 3

I over S

As type ‘B’ shillings GEORGIVS · III · DEI · GRATIA · Cruciform shields, without semée of hearts in Hanoverian shield Similar, but with hearts in the Hanoverian shield 316

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

SIXPENCES Leg. Leg. Rev. ESC 2187 2188 2189

B. 2 2a 3.

Last or new coinage. As type ‘C’ shillings with date below GEO : III D:G: BRITT:REX F:D: GEO . III D.G BRITT REX F D (No colons 1) Garnished shield, crowned, within the Garter

A/1.

First bust with rev. 1 - No hearts

Date

1787 — — A/2. Date

ESC 2190

1787

2191 2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210

B/3. 1816 — — — 1817 — — — 1818 — 1819 — — — 1820 — — — — —

Spink 3748

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R 3

Proof, plain edge Proof, plain edge heavy flan

wt. 4.63g & wt. 4.64g

First bust with rev. 2 - with hearts

C R5 R4

3

C Second bust with rev. 3 - shield within Garter

wt. 2.82g (5 strings)

Proof, plain edge Proof, milled edge X over B in REX (Die flaw?)

wt. 2.84g

Proof, milled edge

wt. 2.81g

8 of date very small 9 over 8 and 1st T in BRITT over B Proof, milled edge

wt. 2.81g

317

1628

(Old ESC)

R

8 of date very small Proof, milled edge 1 of date inverted I of HONI over S No colons in obverse legend

1627

Spink 3749

Varieties

Proof in gold 6 over 4? Proof (not over date, wt. 2.81g) 8 over 6

1626

wt. 2.84g

wt. 2.82g

1629

Spink 3791 C2 1630 R7 1631 R5 1631B? R5 1631A C 1632 R2 1633 R4 1633A R? 1633B 1634 S 3 1635 R 1636 S 1636A R 1636B R 2 1637 R 1638 S R2 R4 R3 R3

1639 1639A 1639B? 1639C?

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

SIXPENCES PATTERNS

C6

No stops by date

C7 border of dots

1 - with hearts

2 – no hearts border of dots

2211

1786

C6

By Pingo As type B shillings of 1787, but lacking stop at side of date, with stop over head, no semée of hearts. Edge, milled (3 struck)

R6

2212

1787

C7/1 Obv

S

1640

2213



C7/2

By Pingo As the current sixpence of this date with semée of hearts, with border of dots each side. (168 struck) wt. 3.07g-wt. 4.09g Edge, plain As last, but without semée of hearts wt.3.46g

R2

1640A

2

318

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

SIXPENCES PATTERNS

D

2214

1787

2215



See DNW 101, lots 721-2 for reasons for these By J. or F. Eginton for S. Garbett, 1787 D Obv Laureate bust, cuirassed, right, dot below Leg GEO : III · D · G · REX · Edge, plain Rev No legend, star of the Garter type wt.2.59g — Similar, but a trial in white metal

R5

Obv. E

1

2 319

3

1641

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

SIXPENCES PATTERNS 2216

S

1642

R5 R5

1643

2217 2218

— —

― ―

By Droz, dated 1788 No legend, the royal cypher, GR crowned within laurel branches. Edge, milled Britannia seated divides legend BRITAN NIA· wt. 2.46g-2.54g Date 1788 in exergue In gold wt. 3.55g-3.48g In copper (No traced)

2219

1790

1645

— —

Similar, but rather smaller and date in leg. wt. 2.62g Seated Britannia divides BRITANNIA 1790 Edge, plain In gold. Edge, plain In gold. Edge, milled wt. 2.60g

N

2220 2221

E/2 Rev Leg ― ―

R7 N

1646

2222

1791

E/3

R

1647

2223 2224 2225

— — No date

― ― ―

Similar to last, but date in exergue wt. 2.51g Smaller Britannia inside leg. Edge. plain In gold wt. 3.96g-3.99g In copper wt. 3.60g In copper. Undated, but mule composed of wt. 2.42g-2.82g two obverses

R6 R2 R5

1648

R5

1651

R5

1652

1788

E/1 Obv Rev

1644

1646A

1649 1650

F

2226

1816

F Obv Leg Rev

2227



Leg —

By T. Wyon, dated 1816 Laureate head, right, rather as the current coin but a little smaller. Edge, milled. GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA Shield in Garter crowned, date above the Garter divided by the crown. Edge, milled 2 BRITT · REX FID · DEF · wt.2.87g-3.21g As before. Edge, plain wt. 2.66g 320

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

SIXPENCES PATTERNS J. Barber

A

B

2228

Undated

A

Uniface portrait trial by J. Barber 3 Laureate head right within solid circular border, signed J. Barber F below wt 2·31g In silver

R6

?

2229



B

As last, but no border, initials I B below wt 1·42g In silver

R6

?

Note See the many notes regarding sixpences in DNW Auction 89, 2010/09/29 1 2

3

No colons (2 stops) or is this a case of a filled die? The ESC rarity rating indicates five to ten examples known. Mrs Norweb did not own a silver pattern of this type, although she possessed one of the two known examples with a plain edge in gold. The handwritten note by Benedetto Pistrucci accompanying the gold proof in the Murdoch sale (1904) is perhaps worth quoting in part and states ‘the workmen at the Mint were unable to strike this piece on account of its too high relief and would not give themselves the necessary trouble in order to please Mr Wyon, who could not bear with good grace that a work of his, retouched by me, should be issued’ (DNW 89, lot 1747) “Barber was a London-based medallist, active circa, 1809-1842, who worked for a time for the jewellers and medallists Rundell, Bridge & Rundell. His obverse portrait of the Prince Regent on the medallion for the Treaty of Paris, 1814, is paired with a reverse by T. Wyon Junior, whose family were involved with patterns for the new coinage of 1816. One might reasonably assume that the present pieces were Barber’s attempt to produce an acceptable coinage portrait of his own” (DNW 91)

321

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY SETS of FOUR COINS A

1

2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------B

3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------C

4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------322

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY NEW COINAGE

D

5

Type Leg. Rev.

A. 1 2

Leg. B. Obv. Leg. Rev.

Rev. Leg.

3

Known as ‘Wire money’ on account of thin depression of values Older laureate and draped bust, cuirassed GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA No stops Values 4, 3 and 2 are in thin script and I in Roman, small crown above, within leg., date below in leg.. Only issued in 1792

C. 4

Obv. as ‘B’ with Crowned value, larger Roman figures, date below in leg. MAG · BRI · FR * ET · HIB · REX ·

D.

Old head, heavy looking features known as ‘Bull head’, Laureate bust, right, long truncation, date below Top of head divides legend. Laurel leaves protrude, long ties hanging down. Edge, plain GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA (No stops) Value in Roman figures, large crown above divides legend BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF:

Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg.

Young head; laureate bust, right, draped in armour Legend continuous over head GEORGIVS · III · DEI · GRATIA · Value in Roman figures, crown above divides date As ‘1’ but, new dies; similar type but flatter design, larger serifs MAG · BRI · FR · ET · HIB · REX

5

323

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY A/1. ESC 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234

Date

1763 — 1766 1772 1780 A/2.

2235 2236

1784 1786 B/3.

2237

1792 C/4.

2238 2239

1795 1800 D/5.

2240 2241 2242

Young head; laureate bust, right, draped in armour Rev. 1 - Roman figure, crown divides date

1817 1818 1820

Varieties, comments etc.

Proof

(Not traced)

Robinson

Spink 3762 R

(Old ESC)

S R6 S S S

2412 2413 2414 2415 2416

Young head Rev. 2 – As ‘1’, but new flatter design, larger serifs Spink 3762 2417 S 2418 S ‘Wire money’. Older laureate and draped bust, cuirassed Rev. 3 – Values 4, 3, 2 in thin script & Roman I Spink 3763 p. 162,279 2419 R Older head; larger bust, cuirassed Rev. 4 – Crowned value, larger Roman figures Spink 3764 p. 163,283,4,5,6 N 2420 1d, 2d, 3d & 4d p. 163,287,8,9,90 1d, 2d, 3d & 4d C 2421 ‘Bull head’. Old head, laureate, long truncation, date below Rev. 5 – Large crown above value divides legend Spink 3792 p. 164,291,2,3,4 2422 S 1d, 2d, 3d & 4d p. 164,295,6,7,8 2423 1d, 2d, 3d & 4d S p. 164,299,300,1,2 2424 1d, 2d, 3d & 4d S

The following denominations are listed separately to highlight varieties 324

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY GROATS or FOURPENCES A/1. ESC 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251

Date

1763 — 1765 1766 1770 1772 — 1776 1780 A/2.

2252 2253

1784 1786 C/4.

See sets See sets

1

Young head; laureate bust, right, draped in armour Rev. 1 - Roman 4, crown divides date Varieties, comments etc.

R

(Old ESC)

p. 160,242

N R7 R5 S R3 R3 S N N

1908

p. 160,246

Proof

p. 160,249 p. 160,253 p. 160,256 p. 160,260(i)

2 over 0 Defective 6 looks like 5, see note 1 Large lettering on obverse

Spink 3750

Robinson

p. 160,264(i) p. 160,269

1908A 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915

Young head Rev. 2 – As ‘1’, but new flatter design, larger serifs Spink 3750 p. 160,274 1916 S p. 160,278(i) 1917 R Older head; larger bust, cuirassed Rev. 4 – Crowned value larger Roman 3 p. 163,286

1795 1800

p. 163,290

Spink 3755 N 2420 C 2421

Dr G.H. Bullmore has kindly pointed out that this coin turns up with a defective 6, appearing very much like a 5. A genuine groat of 1775 has not yet been discovered. Collectors are warned. (P.A.R)

325

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY THREEPENCES

Large III A/1. 1762 1763 — 1765 — 1766 1770 1772 —

2263



2264

1780 A/2.

2265 2266

1784 1786 B/3.

See sets

1792 C/4.

See sets See sets

2267

Young head; laureate bust, right, draped in armour Rev. 1 - Roman 3, crown divides date

Date

ESC 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262

1795 1800 1818

5 over 3

Varieties, comments etc.

Over 30 different dies used

Robinson p. 160,238

3

2033

p. 160,259(ii) p. 160,259(iii)

N

2040

p. 160,268

N

2041

p. 160,245 p. 160,248

5 over 3 p. 160,252 p. 160,255

Small lettering on obverse Large lettering on obverse with very large III Large lettering on obverse with small III

(Old ESC)

R

C C2 R7 R4 R5 S S N N

p. 160,241

Proof

Spink 3753

p. 160,259(i)

2034 2034A 2035 2035A 2036 2037 2038 2039

Young head Rev. 2 – As ‘1’, but new flatter design, larger serifs Spink 3753 p. 160,273 2042 S p. 160,277 N 2043 ‘Wire money’. Older laureate and draped bust, cuirassed Rev. 3 – Value 3 in thin script Spink 3754 p. 162,281(i) 2419 Large letters on the reverse R Older head; larger bust, cuirassed Rev. 4 – Crowned value larger Roman 3 p. 163,285 p. 163,289

Unbarred As in GR TI 326

Spink 3755 N 2420 C 2421 R2

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY PATTERNS THREEPENCE By Lewis Pingo

2268

1795

Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg. Edge

Cuirassed bust to right GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA Crowned 3 date below MAG·BRI·FR ET·HIB·REX 1795 Oblique milling, Struck on a ⅓ Guinea size flan though wt. 4.21g the weight is as ½ Guinea In gold (Huntarian Museum Collection)

R7

WR 153

R7

WR 154

TWOPENCE By Lewis Pingo

2269

1795

Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg. Edge

Cuirassed bust to right GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA Crowned 2 date below MAG·BRI·FR ET·HIB·REX 1795 Oblique milling wt. 2.79g Struck on a ⅓ Guinea flan In gold (Huntarian Museum Collection) 327

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY HALFGROATS

72 over 62 A/1. 2270 2271 2272 2273

1763 — 1765 1766

2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280

1772 — — 1776 — — 1780

Young head; laureate bust, right, draped in armour Rev. 1 - Roman 3, crown divides date p. 160,240

Proof (2-3 known) Rev. many re-entered letters Pellet (•) on King’s nose

p. 160,244 p. 160,247 p. 160,251

Spink 3756 2238 S R6 2238A R3 2239 N 2240

(Do specimens exist without the pellet? R.B.)

A/2. 2281 2282 2283

1784 1786 — B/3.

See sets

1792 C/4.

See sets See sets

2284 2285

1795 1800 1817 1818

p. 160,258(i)

72 over 62 2 over 6

p. 160,258(ii)

Unbarred A in MAG Wide space after A in MA G Reads BR-1

p. 160,263(i) p. 160,267(i)

N N N N N N N

2241 2242 2242 2243 2243A 2243A 2244

Young head Rev. 2 – As ‘1’, but new flatter design, larger serifs Spink 3756 p. 160,272 N 2245 p. 160,276 C 2246 p. 160,194 Large lettering on obv. C 2247 ‘Wire money’. Older laureate and draped bust, cuirassed Rev. 3 – Value 2 in thin script Spink 3757 2419 R Older head; larger bust, cuirassed Rev. 4 – Crowned value larger Roman 2 p. 163,284 p. 163,288

Unbarred As BRIT NI RVM Unbarred As BRIT NI RVM 328

p. 164,292(i) p. 164,296(i)

Spink 3758 N 2420 C 2421 R2 2424 R2 2424

GEORGE III, 1760-1820

MAUNDY MONEY PENNIES

Thin Arabic 1 ‘Wire money’

Thick Roman I 2nd 7 re-entered A/1. 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298

1763 ― 1765 1766 1770 1772 1776 — 1779 1780 1781 1784 1786 C/4.

See sets

2299 2300

See sets

1795 1795 — 1800

Young head; laureate bust, right, draped in armour Rev. 1 - Roman I, crown divides date p. 160,239(i) p. 160,243

Proof

p. 160,250 p. 160,254

D of DEI touches hair 7 re-entered 6 over 0

p. 160,257(i) p. 160,262(i) p. 160,265 p. 160,266 p. 160,270 p. 160,271 p. 160,275

Older head; larger bust, cuirassed Rev. 4 – Normal crowned Roman I Wire Money No stop on obverse Large letters, no stops?

p. 163,283(i) p. 163,283(ii) p. 163,287

329

Spink 3759 2353 S 7 2353A R 7 2353B R N 2354 C 2355 N 2356 N 2357 2357 R N 2358 2359 S C 2360 C 2361 C 2362

Spink 3761 N 2420 N 2420 N 2420 C 2421

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS Pistrucci and his assistant, Jean Baptiste Merlin, whom he introduced to the Mint in 1820, were together responsible for the greater part of the coinage of this reign. There are three main issues. The obverse, showing the King’s laureate head, is combined with a reverse which shows a crowned floreate shield and emblems in the case of the first issue, and a square-topped shield crowned within the Garter on the second issue. The third issue consists of a bare head with, on the halfcrown, a coat-of-arms, and a crown surmounted by a crowned lion on the shilling and sixpence. The laureate King’s head obverse was designed and engraved by Pistrucci. Merlin was responsible for the engraving of the reverse dies of all the silver coins. When the King’s portrait was changed in 1825, Pistrucci was commissioned to engrave the obverse dies from a bust of George by Sir Francis Chantrey; but this he refused to do declaring that he would not degrade his art so far as to copy the work of another man. The result was that William Wyon produced his fine, bare head portrait. William Wyon was appointed Chief Engraver in 1828, Pistrucci being given the post of Chief Medallist at the same time. (P.A.Rayner, 1949)

FIRST BUST

Obverse - B·P·

Reverse - B·P· Type A

Rev. 1 Reverse

WWP under lance

Rev. 1

Inverted WWP 330

Rev. 1

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS Type

A.

Large laureate bust, left, long ties hang down, engraver’s initials B.P. below truncation GEORGIUS IIII D : G : BRITANNIAR : REX F : D:

1.

St George and dragon on ground, date below, engraver’s initials B.P. below ground, right and WWP below broken lance (William Wellesley Pole; Master of the Mint, (var. Shows WWP inverted) DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO followed by regnal year in words, all in large raised letters.

1a.

A long streamer of hair floating behind from beneath St. George’s helmet

Type ESC 2310 2311

A/1.

Laureate bust / rev. 1 – St George and dragon

2312 2313

— —

2314



2315



2316



2317 2318 2319 2320 2321

— 1822 — 1822 —

Leg. Rev. Edge

Date

1821 —

Edge

SECUNDO —

year

Varieties

(2) —

(Beware of modern counterfeits)

Inverted initials WWP under lance — — Proof — — Matt Proof from sand blasted dies, held in a lunette or glass frame — — Proof In copper wt. 23.32g Edge lettering very faintly struck and regnal year missing1 Proof in copper Edge completely plain, presumably filed off at the Mint1 Proof in copper (3) Proof. Edge error TERTIO (2) SECUNDO — — Proof (3) TERTIO — — Proof

331

Spink 3805 L&S

R 2

(Old ESC)

246

C R

246A

R R7

10

247

11

247A

R6

12

248A

R6

13

249A

R6

14

249

R3 S R4 N R

15

250 251

16

251A 252

17

253

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS B. Leg. 2.

Rev.

3.

Leg. Edge

Bare head, left, date below GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA • (date) • smaller lettering Square-topped shield of the royal arms heraldically shaded, encircled by the collar of the Garter with 18 links, the George pendant hanging below, all upon a richly decorated mantle of ermine with a crown above. Square-topped shield garnished, surmounted by helmet crowned with lambrequins, motto on scroll DIEU ET MON DROIT BRITANIARUM REX FID: DEF: As before, in rather small raised lettering

FIRST BUST

Engraver’s centring spot Long streamer of hair from below helmet ESC 2322

W.W.P. under broken lance B.P. in exergue right

Date

Type

Varieties

R

1820

A/1a Obv. Rev.

By Pistrucci, dated 1820 As the currency crown, first bust 1a. - Similar to reverse 1, but there is a long streamer of hair floating behind from beneath St. George’s helmet and a weak engraver’s centring spot on the horse’s body. Very small initials W.W.P. on ground below broken lance, and small initials B.P. in exergue far right Plain. In silver with narrow beading (see illustrations left & right above) In lead

R6

Edge 2323

Rev 1a Streamer of hair Wide beading



L&S

1

(Old ESC)

262

2 (continued)

332

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS Date

Type

ESC 2324

1820

A/1 a

2325 2326 2327

— — 182-

— — —

Varieties

L&S

R

In lead. Trial striking of reverse 1a, with a wide beading (see central illustration (Unique) wt. 28.21g above) In silver. Trial striking of obverse A In brass. Trial striking of obverse A Trial striking in copper of the currency reverse 1, but the last figure of date has been erased and the streamer deleted

7

R

3

R7 R7 R7

4

(Old ESC)

5 6

(Linecar & Stone, p. 57 for illustration) (2 known)

Type 2328

A/1. 1823

2329



Laureate bust / rev. 1 – St George and dragon Pattern. Dated 1823. As currency, but not struck for general circulation, with plain edge (Sometimes described as a proof) (3 or 4 known) In white metal (Unique?)

Obv. A Type 2330

A/2. No date

Spink 3805 R6 18 254 R7

19

254a

Rev. 2

By Pistrucci and Merlin, undated (1829) A. – First bust 2. - Square-topped shield encircled by the collar of the Garter upon a richly decorated mantle of ermine with a crown above. BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF: DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI NONO (9) In copper

333

R7

41

266

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS SECOND BUST

Rosettes flanking date Obv. B

Rev. 3

Type

B/3.

Bare head – Plain edge Rev.3. – Square-topped shield garnished

ESC 2331 2332 2333

Date

Edge

Varieties

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

1825 — —

Plain — —

R3 R6 R6

20

255

21

256

2334





R6

23

2335





Pattern only (9 strings) wt. 27.77g Pattern, in Barton’s metal 2 Trial striking of obverse In Barton’s metal 2 Trial striking of reverse In Barton’s metal 2 Trial striking of obverse in lead

R6

24

Type

B/3.

ESC 2336

Date

1826

2337





2338 2339

— —

Plain edge LVIII 3

Spink 3806

Bare head – With edge legend Rev.3. – Square-topped shield garnished Edge year

SEPTIMO

(7) (-) (58)

22

Spink 3806

Varieties

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

Pattern (included in the sets of 1826) wt. 28.26g Pattern, Matt finish from sand blasted dies3 Pattern Pattern with edge error

R

28

257

R7

29

257A

R7 R7

30

258

31

258A

1

ESC 248 this exists minus SECUNDO and with a plain edge having been probably removed at the Mint. See L&S p. 59 & 60

2

Barton’s metal is a copper sheet on to which is rolled and pressed a thin sheet of gold; it is quite a different process to gilding, being more like Sheffield plating, and more gold is used. The copper core shows on the edge, but the process of cutting the blanks presses a little of the gold down over the edge

334

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS

Obv. C Type ESC 2340

C/3

Type 2341

D/3 1828

?

3

D/3 —

Obv. D L&S

(Old ESC)

Unfinished die. Slightly smaller bust Edge unfinished; DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI (without year) In copper 4

7

R

32

258B

As before, but head larger without initials on truncation, and new legend. In copper GEORGIUS IV D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D: 1828 DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI SEPTIMO (7) (incorrect for a coin of 1828)

R7

33

264

As before, but Edge, DECUS→→×←←ET→→×←← TUTAMEN→→×←←ANNO→→×←← REGNI→→×←←OCTAVO→→×←← (8th) two arrows and a rosette dividing words. In copper

R7

34

265

Date

Edge Type 2342

Rev. 3

R

Struck at a later date for the Great Exhibition. “Having a matt finish unlike the normal coin, interesting and probably unique.” SNC 1974, 2362, p. 114

.

335

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS

WW incuse on truncation

Obv. E Type ESC 2343

E/3 Date

1828

Edge

Rev. 3

Rev.3

Bare head with W.W. incuse on truncation Varieties

R

W. Wyon and J.B. Merlin, dated 1828 Similar to the proof crown of 1826, but slightly larger head of king, W.W. incuse on truncation, minus the rosettes flanking date GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1828 DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI NONO (9) Officially sheared by the Mint to (2 Known) prevent circulation

Obv. E

W·W· in relief 336

7

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

35

263

Rev. 4

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS Type ESC 2344

E/4.

2345



2346 2347

— —

2348

Type 1829

Bare head with W.W. in relief on truncation

Date

1829

By Wyon and Merlin, dated 1829 Similar to proof crown of 1826, but with initials W.W. in relief on truncation, date below and a slight difference in the arrangement of the hair. Rev. 4. - Square-topped shield within the Garter collar with 18 links, overlaying a crowned, richly decorated mantle of ermine BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF: (3 known?) Edge, plain Similar, but edge reads, in slightly raised letters; DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI NONO (9) In copper In gold (Not traced) E/3 Obverse as before, but with reverse 3.

Obv. F Type 2349

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

R6

37

267

R6

38

268

R7 R7

39

269

40

R7

270

Pistrucci

F/3.

Laureate bust, left, PISTRUCCI below cloak buckle 7 By Pistrucci, undated (1828 or 1829) (Unique) R Uniface obverse, fourth bust laureate and draped, left GEORGIUS IIII D:G:BRITANNIARUM REX F: D: Pistrucci below cloak buckle Beaded border with inner circle. Edge, plain. In lead 337

L&S

42

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS FIFTH BUST

Obv. G – no collar

Rev. 5

Obv. F – with a collar

G. MILLS. F MDCCCXX

PUB. BY R. WHITEAVES

MDCCCXX MILLS. F

Date

ESC 2350

1820

2351



No collar By Mills for Whiteaves, dated 1820 Fifth bust; A very large bare head, left, little neck. G. MILLS . F on truncation Date MDCCCXX (1820) below GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA Rev. 5. – Royal arms on square-topped shield within Garter with motto, crowned and with supporters, helmet, crest and mantling above, three badges of the Garter, Thistle and St Patrick below, PUB. BY R . WHITEAVES at edge beneath in small lettering. BRITANNIARUM ET HAN : REX FIDEI DEFENSOR ‘King of Britain and Hanover, Defender of the Faith’. wt. 35.70g Edge, plain In gold Variety

338

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

R3

7

259

R7

8

260

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

PATTERN CROWNS SIXTH BUST ESC 2352

Date

1820

With a collar By Mills for Whiteaves, dated 1820 Similar to fifth bust, but King wears a collar and necktie, date MDCCCXX below truncation, MILLS F. Below date Rev. 7. – As before

Variety

Rev. 6 with M 2353

No date

2354 2355

― ―

Type A (No BP below)

L&S

R 5

R

(Old ESC)

9

261

Rev. 7 minus M

By ?, undated (1828 or 1829) 1⅜ inches diameter6 Laureate bust, left, similar to that of currency crown, but minus B.P. below GEORGIUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR : REX F:D: Rev. 6. – Royal arms with supporters, no legend The letter M (Merlin) appears in Gothic script in the centre below the motto wt. 16.46 g Plain. In white metal Plain. In copper wt. 15.83 g As before, but minus letter M on reverse wt.13.59 g

R6

43

265a

R7

R7

265b

4

Edge of the last reign incusely inscribed; an old flan has accidentally been used; Reads; DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI LVIII

5

Undated, edge reads DECUS ET TUTAMEN in large lettering.

6

These are considered by many to be medals and not intended for currency. However, since they have always been listed by ESC and sought after by collectors they are retained and numbered. (Note; slightly smaller than a crown)

339

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

HALFCROWNS

Rev. 1

Obv. A

Rev. 1a

a

b a – WWP on shamrocks b – JBM in beading

W W P on shamrocks Rev. 2 JBM in beading

Thistle with more fronds

Thistle with less fronds Heavier garnishing

The George below

Obv. B

Rev. 3

Pattern

340

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

HALFCROWNS Type Leg.

A.

As crown ‘A’. Laureate bust, left, long ties GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:

B.

Bare head, left, date below GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · (date) ·

1.

Ornately garnished shield, crowned, surrounded by Emblems; Scottish thistle top left, Irish shamrocks top right and English rose below dividing the date. Single letters WWP on shamrocks (William Wellesley Pole – Mint Master) and JBM in border teeth (Jean Baptiste Merlin - Engraver) ANNO 1820

1a.

As before, but heavier garnishing, fewer points on thistle leaves and diffrerent arrangements of stalks on shamrocks and rose

2.

Crowned square-topped shield over Garter, with motto, and collar of the Garter, the George below divides date

3.

Square-topped shield garnished, surmounted by crowned helmet with lambrequins, DIEU ET MON DROIT on scroll below. BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF:

A/1.

Laureate bust Rev. 1 - ornately garnished shield

Leg. Rev.

Leg.

Motto Leg.

ESC 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361

Date

(1820) 1820 — — 1821 —

Varieties

Uniface obv. trial in copper

wt. 16.35g

Proof Proof with plain edge Light garnishing Proof

wt. 14.12g

wt. 14.03g

A/1a. Rev. 1a - Heavier garnishing 2362 2363 2364

1821 — 1823

(10 harp strings) Spink R

Proof See note 1 341

?

R C2 R R5 C R2

3807

(Old ESC)

628A? 628 629 630 631 632

Laureate bust Spink 3807 C 631A? R2 632A R3 633

(8 harp strings)

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

HALFCROWNS A/2. 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369

1823 — 1824 — — B/3.

2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378

1824 1825 — — — 1826 — 1828 1829

Laureate bust Rev. 2 - shield in Garter and collar Proof

(8 harp strings) wt. 14.16g

Proof Proof in copper, plain edge Bare head Rev. 3 – Shield with crowned helmet

(10 harp strings)

Proof Proof with plain edge Proof in Barton’s metal 3 Plain edge

wt. 13.93g

Proof, issued in the sets

wt. 14.09g

PATTERNS D1

D2

342

wt. 14.16g wt. 13.25g

Spink 3808 C 634 R3 635 636 S 5 637 R 5 638 R Spink 3808 R6 639 C 642 643 S R2 644 R4 645 C2 646 647 S 648 S N 649

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

HALFCROWNS 2379

1820

D1 Obv Rev

2380



D2

PATTERNS By Pistrucci and Merlin, dated 1820 D1 - Almost as type ‘A’, but no engraver’s initials (B.P.) below bust, and tie ends wt. 14.08g straighter. (9 strings) 1 - Ornately garnished shield, etc. WWP incuse in centre of each shamrock Similar 1 but, with engraver’s initials (B.P.) below bust, hatch lettering and initials wt. 14.11g WWP raised in centre of each shamrock

R5

649A

R5

649B

The differences between D1 and D2 are very subtle; note alignment of letter F with king’s neck and the end of upper tie with letter E

1

E 2381

1822

E Obv Rev 1b

2382

— 2



By Pistrucci and Wyon, dated 1822 Similar to D1 but with initials B.P. below bust and subtle differences in the bust (see note 2) The Garter is slightly smaller in diameter and there is straight ground below under the dragon Edge, milled Edge, plain

R7

650

R7

651

Bust very slightly altered; see angle of truncation, and compare the base of the George with the currency issue

F (A) 343

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

HALFCROWNS PATTERNS 2383

1823

F

As type ‘A’ Laureate bust, but new and more deeply cut dies. Edge, milled (8 strings) wt. 13.74g

R6

652

2384

1824



Similar, but for date

(8 strings) wt. 14.01g

R6

653

As currency type ‘B-1’ bare head, but new and more deeply cut polished dies; cf. truncation (10 strings) wt. 14.14g and cheek. Edge, milled With plain edge (10 strings) wt. 13.96g With plain edge In gold With plain edge In copper (10 strings) wt. 13.07g Uniface obverse in lead wt. 20.80g Uniface obverse in Barton’s metal wt. 12.59g

R6

639A

R4 R7

639B

G1

G2

2385

1824

G1

2386 2387 2388 2389 2390

— — — — —

― ― ― ― ―

2391

1824

G2

Similar, but, large toothed borders and wt 14.13g (10 strings) (Unique?) obliquely milled edge

344

640 641 641A

R4

641B

R7

639C

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

HALFCROWNS PATTERNS

H

W. BINFIELD · F· 2392

No date

H Obv Rev

2393





By W. Binfield, undated Large laureate head, left, artist’s name in full beneath; W·BINFIELD·F Value divided by a caduceus surmounted by trident, within laurel branches. Edge, plain In bronze or copper (3 or 4 known)

345

R7

654

R6

655

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

SHILLINGS

JBM

6 over 8 or 2?

Obv. A

Arabic 1 & Roman I

Obv. B

Rev. 1

Rev. 2

Rev. 3

346

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

SHILLINGS Obv.

Rev.

A.

Laureate head, left, as half-crown ‘A’

B.

Bare head, left, as half-crown ‘B’

1.

Ornately garnished shield, as half-crown ‘1’

2.

Crowned square-topped shield over Garter, as half-crown ‘2’

3.

Lion standing on a crown with emblems below BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR

A/1.

Laureate head / Rev. 1 - Ornately garnished shield

Date

Varieties

Leg.

Spink 3810

(Old ESC)

R

ESC 2394 2395 2396 2397

1820 — 1821 —

Pattern. No JBM in border Pattern. With JBM in lower left border wt. 5.65g See note 1 Proof (6 strings- 8 hearts)

A/2. 1823 — 1824 — 1825 — —

Laureate head / Rev. 2 – Square shield in Garter

2398 2399 2400 2401 2402 2403 2404

B/3. 1825 — — — 1826 — — 1827 1829 —

Bare head / Rev. 3 – Lion standing on a crown

2405 2406 2407 2408 2409 2410 2411 2412 2413 2414

Proof

(7 strings- 8 hearts) (7 strings- 8 hearts)

Proof ↑↓

wt. 5.66g (7 strings- 8 hearts)

Some have a broken O in GEORGIUS

Proof 5 over 3

Roman I in date Proof ↑↓ Proof, plain edge. In Barton’s metal 2

wt. 5.65g

6 over 2 or is it an 8? Proof, issued in the sets Proof ↑↓

wt. 5.63g

347

5

R R7 N R3

1246 1246A 1247 1248

Spink 3811 1249 R R4 1250 N 1251 R4 1252 N 1253 R4 1253A R3 1253B Spink 3812 C 1254 R5 1254A R7 1255 R5 1256 C2 1257 R3 1257A 1258 S 1259 R 1260 S R3 1261

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

C

2415

1824

C Obv Leg Rev

2416





By W. Wyon and J.B. Merlin, dated 1824 Similar to ‘C’, but with an inner circle BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR 5; Square-topped shield, crowned, motto on scroll below. Edge, milled BRITANIARUM REX FID: DEF: and spray; rose thistle and shamrock Similar. Edge, plain. Struck en medaille ↑↑

D

348

R6

1262

R6

1263

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 2417

1825

D Obv Rev Leg

2418





By W. Wyon and J.B. Merlin, dated 1825 Similar to ‘C’. 6; Similar to ‘4’, but Smaller; crown, lion and posy. Much wider space in legend above lion. BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF: wt. 5.64g Edge, milled ↑↓ In Barton’s metal 2 ↑↓

R5

1264

R6

1265

R6

1265A

E

2419

1826

1 2

E

A trial striking in silver, struck without a collar, the flan slightly spread Edge, plain

Notes Considerably scarcer in mint condition. For Barton’s metal see Crowns note 2

349

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

SIXPENCES

Rev. 1

Obv. A

Obv. B

Rev. 2

Rev. 3 BBITANNIAR

Obv. Leg.

A.

Bust A, laureate as the halfcrown GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:

B.

Bust B, bare head, as the halfcrown GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · (date) ·

1. 2. 3.

Crowned garnished shield, surrounded by Emblems etc Crowned square-topped shield over Garter etc. Lion standing on a crown with emblems below. BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR

Leg. Rev. Leg.

350

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

SIXPENCES Type

A/1.

ESC 2420

Date

1820

2421 2422 2423 2424

1821 — — — A/2.

2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432

1824 — 1825 — — 1826 — — B/3.

Bust A, laureate Rev. 1 - Crowned garnished shield

Spink 3813

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

Proof or pattern, edge milled. Initials IBM in border lower left

R6

1653

C C R2 R3

1654

wt. 2.79g

Struck without a collar, edge plain Proof, edge grained wt. 2.80g, wt. 2.86g Reads BBITANNIAR 1

1654A 1655 1656

Bust A, laureate Rev. 2 - Crowned square-topped shield over Garter Spink 3814 N 1657 Proof, edge grained wt. 2.83g R3 1658 C 1659 Proof (Not traced) R4 1659A 2 Proof. In Barton’s metal (Not traced) R4 1659B R2 1660 Proof, edge plain R3 1661 Proof, edge grained wt. 2.83g; wt. 2.85g R3 1661 A Bust B, bare head Rev 3 - Lion standing on a crown Spink 3815 C 1662 See note 3 Extra tuft of hair by ear (as on half sovereigns) 3 R2 1662A 1663 Proof, issued in the sets, edge grained wt. 2.82g S Proof in pewter on a thick flan wt. 3.97g R5 1663A R2 1664 1665 S N 1666 4 1667 Proof, edge grained wt. 2.88g R

2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440

1826 — — — 1827 1828 1829 —

1

The first B was struck from a broken punch and when an attempt was made to strengthen it a new B was mistakenly struck over the second letter, giving the appearance of BBITANNIAR Beware of some examples showing the second R with larger lower serifs which gives the appearance of a joined bottom line and often catalogued as the B over R variety when it is not! Caveat emptor. This may turn up as all other denominations of this date are known in Barton’s metal There are two varieties of bust on these third coinage sixpences.

2 3

351

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

SIXPENCES PATTERNS

Rev. 4

Obv. C

Rev. 2

Obv. Leg.

C.

Bust C, bare head, similar to B but slightly smaller GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · (date) ·

Rev. Leg.

4.

Lion standing on a crown, similar to 3 but narrower BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF:

C/4.

Bust C, bare head Rev 4 - Lion standing on a crown, narrower than 3

Date

ESC 2441

1825

2442



2443

C/2. 1826

Varieties

Spink 3815

(Old ESC)

R

By W. Wyon, dated 1825 Obv. C. - Bare head, left, smaller than B wt. 2.84 g Leg. GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATI A · 1825 · Rev. 4 - As ‘3’ but lion and crown narrower Leg. BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF: As before on thick flan, wt. 2.85g

7

R

1668

R7

1668A

Bust C, bare head / Rev 2 - Lion standing on a crown R6 Obv. As before (Not traced) Rev. 2 – As currency

352

1669

GEORGE IV, 1820-30

MAUNDY SETS of FOUR COINS

Small head

1822

Obv. As larger coins of the first type Rev. Value in the centre, dividing date, between two branches of oak, tied together at the base with a bow. Plain edge Spink 3816 ESC 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 1

Date

1822 — 1823 1824 1825 — 1826 — 1827 1828 — 1829 1830

Varieties etc.

3d - Small head Proof

1

Brian Robinson page 166

R

(Old ESC)

1d – 303; 2d – 304; 3d - 305; 4d - 306

N R4 N R N R3 N R3 N N R5 N N

2425

1d – 307; 2d – 308; 3d - 309; 4d - 310 1d – 311; 2d – 312; 3d - 313; 4d - 314 1d – 315; 2d – 316; 3d - 317; 4d - 318 1d – 319; 2d – 320; 3d - 321; 4d - 322

2d - T over B in BRITANNIAR

p. 166,320(i)

1d – 323; 2d – 324; 3d - 325; 4d - 326

2d - T over B in BRITANNIAR

p. 166,324(i)

1d – 327; 2d – 328; 3d - 329; 4d - 330 1d – 331; 2d – 332; 3d - 333; 4d - 334

Proof

1d – 335; 2d – 336; 3d - 337; 4d - 338 1d – 339; 2d – 340; 3d - 341; 4d - 342 1d – 343; 2d – 344; 3d - 345; 4d - 346

2426 2427 2428 2429 2429A 2430 2430A 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435

The head of the threepence of 1822 is smaller than on the threepences of the other dates. According to Hawkins the first punch broke and as there was no time to engrave another one with the correct size head, a die was made up using the punch of the bust of the twopence. Of the individual coins of this and the following reigns the threepence is the scarcest in good condition as some of them apparently found their way into circulation after 1845.

353

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7 PROOF or PATTERN CROWNS (only) The obverse of the coins of this reign was designed by W. Wyon who engraved the portrait from a bust by Sir William Chantrey. Merlin designed and engraved the reverses on the silver. There were no crowns struck for circulation during this reign, but proofs were issued in 1831 and 1834. These show the usual obverse portrait and on the reverse a crowned shield on a mantle of ermine. The design for the halfcrown is similar, but the shilling and sixpence have a new coinage type, the value in words with a crown above. An interesting innovation in this reign was the reintroduction, as a denomination, of a fourpence or groat. These were first struck in 1836 and were also issued the following year. The three-halfpenny pieces, first struck in 1834, were never current in this country, but were a special issue for use in the West Indies and Ceylon. They are usually collected under The English series however, and we have therefore included them in the present work. (P.A.Rayner, 1949)

W. WYON Obv. A1

Obv. A1

W W over W Wyon Obv. A2

Rev. 1

W.W. Obv. A3

Rev. 1

No links above shield 354

Rev. 1

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7 PROOF or PATTERN CROWNS (only) Spink 3833 ESC 2460

Date

1831

Type 1

A Obv Leg Rev.

Edge

Varieties

L&S

R 4

By William Wyon Bare head, right W. WYON in relief on truncation. GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D: 1 - Square-topped shield within the Garter, collar with 15 links, overlaying a crowned richly decorated mantle of ermine Date ANNO 1831 below divided by the George facing left wt. 27.73g Plain. En medaille ↑↑

R

3

(Old ESC)

273

2461

1831

A2

As before, but initials W. W. engraved incuse over W. WYON on truncation. Edge Plain

R6

2462

1831

1

271



W.W. incuse on truncation wt. 27.98g Plain; issued in sets. Die axis ↑↓ (7 str) In gold wt. 40.45g

R2

2463

A3 Edge ―

R5

2

272

2464

1832

A3

As before, with W.W. incuse on truncation DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI TERTIO, the inscription divided by a rose, shamrock, thistle and a lion, the whole between an ornamental border. In lead

R7

5

274

As before with W.W. incuse on truncation Plain. En medaille ↑↓ As before with W.W. incuse, but Grained and inscribed in incuse lettering with rose-like stops;

R5

6

275

R7

7

275A

Edge

2465

1834

A3

2466



Edge A3 Edge Leg. Error* *

DECUS ET TUTAMEN × ANNO REGNI QUINQUAGESIMO SEPTIMO (57th) This is an edge reading of George III’s reign

355

271A

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7 PROOF or PATTERN CROWNS (only)

B1 2467

2468

No date



links above shield A3 Obv Rev.

Leg Edge ―

By W. WYON and J.B. Merlin, undated As before, W.W. incuse on truncation 2 - Similar to ‘1’, but a larger crown, the collar visible above shield, with 18 links, the mantle is more richly decorated, undated, initials I.B.M. in beading below the right facing George BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF: (9 strings) Plain In lead

Rev. 2 R6

R7

8

9

276

277

W. WYON. 2469

No date

A1 Rev. Edge

As before, but W. WYON. in relief on truncation 2 - As before, but the initials omitted below the George. wt. 28.07g Plain. En medaille ↑↑ 356

Rev. 2 R6 10

278

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7 PROOF or PATTERN CROWNS (only)

Rev. 3

Rev. 4 Rev. 3

Rev. 4

2470

18(37)

Uniface reverse by J.B. Merlin, date unfinished Rev. 3 - Small ornate shield within the Collar and Garter, surmounted by helmet crowned with lambrequins and supporters motto on scroll below DIEU ET MON DROIT The George divides date ANNO 18 Around the very wide border is written in Wyon’s writing; “Merlin’s Crown good, but too good, too high L.C.W.” (Unique) Edge. Plain. In lead.

R7

13

2471

1837

Uniface reverse By J.B. Merlin Dated ANNO 1837 Rev. 4 - Similar to last, but the shield of Hanover is superimposed in the centre of arms The George divides date ANNO 1831 (2 known) Edge. Plain. In Barton’s metal

R6

12

1

“It would seem that chronologically the first die proposed for the new William IV Crown was the W. Wyon version. It must have been considered far too bold of William Wyon to spell his surname in full, especially on the bust of the King’s coinage. Rather than waste a valuable obverse die with his enigmatic portrait of the King, William Wyon must have re-filled the signature on the die’s truncation and re-engraved an incuse W W over the top.” (My thanks to Baldwin Fixed Price List Winter 2010-11, lot BM052)

357

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

HALFCROWNS Types as bare head crown

W·W· W.W.

S re-entered Obv. Rev.

6 re-entered

6 over 5

A. B. 1.

W.W. in capitals, incuse on truncation W.W. in script, incuse on truncation Similar to crown, but only 5 links of Garter collar below shield

A.

W.W. incuse in capitals on truncation

Date

ESC 2472

1831

2473 2474 2475

— 1834 —

2476 2477 2478 2479 2480 2481 2482 2483 2484 2485 2486

B. 1834 — — — — 1835 1836 — — — 1837

Spink 3834

Varieties

( Old ESC)

R

(A few were struck, but never put into general circulation) (Not traced) Proof plain edge, issued in sets wt. 13.99g

Proof

(Not traced)

W.W. incuse in script on truncation Proof only Proof only, plain edge wt. 14.03g Proof Proof, plain edge

(6 strings) (7 strings) wt. 14.09g (Not traced) (7 strings)

6 over 5 (some with 6 double-entered) S over S in GULIELMUS Proof, plain edge (Not traced)

358

5

R

656

S R R4

657 660 661

Spink 3834A R2 659 658 R C 662 663 R R4 664 665 R C 666 R3 666A R3 R4 666B 667 S

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

SHILLINGS Only one type

Flat top 3

Rounded 3

W·W·

.

Obv. Rev.

Type and legend as crown Value in the centre, between two branches; an olive left and oak right, tied together at the base with a ribbon, a large crown above and the date below. Milled edge Unless stated, the 3 of date has a flat top Spink 3835

Note ESC 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2494 2495 2496 2497 2498

Date

1831 — 1834 — — 1835 ― 1836 — — 1837 —

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R 4

Proof only ↑↓ Proof with plain edge, issued in the sets Proof ↑↓ Proof, round top to 3 in date Proof, round top to 3 in date Proof, round top to 3 in date Proof, plain edge. In copper Proof ↑↓ 359

(Not traced)

R N C R2 R5 S R6 N R6 R6 R R4

1267 1266 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

SIXPENCES

Obv. A

Obv. B (Half-sovereign die)

Flat top Obv. Rev.

Note

Round top

A

Type and legend as crown Value in the centre, between two branches; an olive left an oak right, tied together at the base with a bow, large crown above and date below bow Milled edge

B

Half-sovereign die: markedly smaller than on normal sixpence Larger gap above the head and below the truncation Flat-topped 3 of date unless stated

360

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

SIXPENCES Obv. ESC 2499 2500 2501 2502 2503 2504 2505 2506 2507 2508 2509 2510 2511 2512 2513

A 1831 — — — — 1834 — — — 1835 — 1836 — 1837 —

Obv. 2514

1837

Date

Spink 3836 R

(Old ESC)

1670

wt. 2.81g

N R2 S R7 R7 C R R3 R4 S R6 R2 R6 S R6

B - Struck from a Half-Sovereign obverse die wt. 2.81g

R6

1681A

Varieties

Proof, edge grained wt. 2.81g Proof only, with plain edge, issued in the sets 2.63g Proof on a very thin flan. wt. 1·82g & 1.94g Proof, plain edge. In palladium (Not traced) Date in large numerals Proof Proof, round top to 3 in date Proof, round top to 3 in date Proof, round top to 3 in date Proof, edge grained

361

(Not traced) wt. 2.81g wt. 2.87g

1671 1672 1672A 1673 1674 1674A 1674B 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

GROATS & MAUNDY GROATS

Obv. Rev.

1

Leg,

Only one type. Edge, milled Type and legend as crown Britannia seated, right, holding a trident in her left hand and resting her right hand on a shield. Date below in exergue. Value FOUR PENCE divided by Britannia Spink 3837

ESC 2515 2516 2517 2518 2519 2520 2521 2522

1

Date

1836 — — — — 1837 — —

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R wt. 1·88g

Proof Proof, with plain edge, en medaille ↑↑ Proof in gold, with plain edge Proof in gold, thinner flan See note 1 Proof Proof, with plain edge

wt. 1·88g wt. 3·37g wt. 1·32g

2

C R2 S R5 R6 C R4 R4

1918 1919 1920 1921 1921A 1922 1923 1923A

Note On later strikings, the obverse die appears to have been re-cut; the hair is finer, and the eyes more prominent.

362

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

GROATS & MAUNDY PATTERN GROATS

2

3

Value FOUR PENCE ESC 2523

Date

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

R3

1924

R3 R5 R6

1925

R2

1926

R2 R5 R6

1927

2524 2525 2526

— — —

— ― ―

By W. Wyon. Dated 1836 As current coin. 2 - Smaller Britannia, within legend, date below in a much lower exergue. Value FOUR PENCE continuous over wt. 1.84g Britannia. Edge, milled Edge, plain wt. 1.89g Edge, plain In gold, wt 3.37g WR 273 Edge, milled. In gold, thin flan, 1.32g WR 274

2527

1836

2528 2529 2530

— — —

Obv Rev ― ― ―

Value 4 P wt. 1.84g As before. Edge, milled 3 – as ‘2’ but Britannia between value 4 P Edge, plain wt. 1.86g Edge, plain In gold wt 3.37g WR 271 Edge, milled. In gold wt 3.37g WR 272

1836 Obv Rev Leg

363

1925A 1925B

1928 1928A

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

GROATS & MAUNDY THREEPENCES Quantities of these dates were struck for use in the West Indies only Being the same as the British currency they are numbered accordingly

Type A – Small head A.

Small head

Date

Varieties

ESC 2531 2532 2533 2534

1834 1835 1836 1837

2535 2536 2537 2538

B. 1834 1835 1836 1837

1

Type B – Large head Spink 3838

Large head1

R

(Old ESC)

S N S R

2044 2045 2046 2047

Spink 3838A 2044 S N 2045 2046 S 2047 R

Uncertain if all these dates were struck and the rarity

364

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

GROATS & MAUNDY THREE-HALFPENCE This denomination was struck purely for use in some of the British Colonies, which used the ordinary Imperial currency

Obv. Rev.

As groat Value 1½ crowned, date 1835 below within two oak branches Spink 3839

ESC 2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546

Date

1834 — 1835 — 1836 1836 1837 —

Varieties

Proof (This without over-date unconfirmed )

5 over 4

Proof

365

R

(Old ESC)

C R5 R N N N R2 R6

2250 2250A 2251 2251A 2252 2252 2253 2253A

WILLIAM IV, 1830-7

GROATS & MAUNDY MAUNDY SETS Only one type

Obv. Rev.

ESC 2547 2548 2549

Type and legend as crown Crown above value in the centre, dividing date, between two branches; olive left and oak right, tied together with ribbon in a bow. Edge, plain Spink 3840 Date

1831 — —

Varieties etc.

Brian Robinson page 167

R

(Old ESC)

1d – 347; 2d – 348; 3d - 349; 4d - 350 1d – 351; 2d – 352; 3d - 353; 4d - 354

S R R6

2436

Proof set Proof set in gold

S S S S S S

2439

1d – 355; 2d – 356; 3d - 357; 4d - 358

2437 2438

WR 275 – weights; 1d 1.07g; 2d 1.97g; 3d 2.87g; 4d 3.89g;

2550 2551 2552 2553 2554 2555

1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837

1d – 359; 2d – 360; 3d - 361; 4d - 362 1d – 363; 2d – 364; 3d - 365; 4d - 366 1d – 367; 2d – 368; 3d - 369; 4d - 370 1d – 371; 2d – 372; 3d - 373; 4d - 374 1d – 375; 2d – 376; 3d - 377; 4d - 378 1d – 379; 2d – 380; 3d - 381; 4d - 382

366

2440 2441 2442 2443 2444

VICTORIA 1837-1901 INTRODUCTION As is only natural with a reign of this length, there were several changes in the coinage. There were three main issues known as ‘Young head’, ‘Jubilee’ issue and ‘Old’ head’ issue respectively. There was also the so-called ‘Gothic issue’ of crowns and florins. ‘Young head’. This is the first issue and shows the Queen with a young head, usually with a fillet. The smaller denominations were issued in 1838. Crowns and halfcrowns were issued in the 1839 proof sets; a few of the latter being put into circulation, but crowns were not generally issued until 1844, and were again struck in 1845 and 1847. The ‘Britannia’ groat was continued up to 1855, and was recalled from circulation in 1887. Threepences of the same type as the Maundy coin were issued for general circulation in 1845 and continued to be struck for nearly 100 years except for 1847 and 1848. Prior to 1845 however, they had sometimes been struck in quantities (as well as the twopences) for sending to some of the Colonies which used the British coinage. Wyon designed and engraved the so-called ‘Young’ head of the Queen, and the reverse designs were produced by Merlin, who retired in 1844. These designs, however, were engraved by Leonard Charles Wyon, who entered the service of the Mint on Merlin’s retirement. He later succeeded W. Wyon, his father, as Chief Engraver, and is probably best known for his portrait of Victoria on the early bronze ‘bun’ pennies. ‘Godless Florin’. In the early part of this reign, there was some strong opinion that the country should change over to a decimal coinage. A motion in favour of silver pieces of the value of one-tenth and one-hundredth of a pound was placed before Parliament, but was, however, withdrawn, on the understanding that the former piece be issued. Hence, the florin became a new denomination, and was first issued in 1849 with the Queen shown wearing a crown. Because D G or DEI GRATIA was omitted from the Queen’s titles it has become popularly known as the ‘Godless Florin’. The Queen’s portrait was designed and engraved by W. Wyon, and the reverse design for this and also for the Gothic florin, which superseded it, was by William Dyce. ‘Gothic Issue’. The Gothic crown of 1847 was almost certainly issued to commemorate the Queen’s 10th anniversary of her Coronation, and is regarded as one of the finest coins in the English milled series. Large numbers were struck and some undoubtedly did get into circulation, although it is somewhat unusual to find a worn piece. Why the much rarer 1853 Gothic crown was issued is unknown. A revised design for the florin was made in the Gothic style of the crown and first 367

VICTORIA 1837-1901 INTRODUCTION used in 1851. The date on these pieces is in small Roman numerals in Gothic script at the end of the obverse legend. Die numbers Between 1863 and 1880 the Royal Mint conducted an experiment to study the life of its dies for currency gold and silver denominations, from the sovereign down to sixpence, with the exception of the halfcrown. (For gold see EMGC later) A sequential number was placed below the Queen’s bust on the ‘Gothic’ florin, and above the date on the reverse of the shillings and sixpences. I have meticulously recorded all the numbers known to date, but am unable to allocate them to any specific die variety other than those few shown. Also the fact that some sequential numbers are missing does not prove they were never used but simply remain lost or undiscovered. For more information see; (1) SNC 1983, p. 119-120; (2) Coins and Medals August 1981; (3) ON VICTORIAN DIE NUMBERS by Gerald Sommerville C. Eng., M.I. Mech. E. S.C.M.B. 1990, pp. 99-101. Mintage figures; these refer to the number of coins struck by the Mint in each year, but not necessarily with that date. Often dies remained in use into the following year (See appendix later)

368

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

CROWNS Young head. First issue; 1839-1847 & 1879, shows the Queen with a young head, hair in the bun style tied with two ribbons, one or both either plain or ornate. Roman lettering and date below truncation. Gothic . Second issue; 1847 & 1853, young portrait of the Queen wearing a crown and ornately decorated dress, hair plaited. Gothic lettering (date on rev.) Jubilee Issue. Third issue; 1887-1892, a new coinage was introduced to celebrate the Queen’s Golden Jubilee. The well-known Jubilee type head was engraved by L.C. Wyon from designs by Sir Joseph Boehm. Wyon designed the reverses himself, except of course for that of the crown, which shows Pistrucci’s famous treatment of St. George and the Dragon. An innovation in this coinage was the issue of a double florin or four shilling piece, which did not prove popular, probably due to its being readily confused with the crown: this was discontinued in 1890. L.C. Wyon died in 1891 and was succeeded by George William de Saulles, who was appointed Chief Engraver in 1893. Old Head. Fourth issue; 1893-1901, a new older looking portrait of the Queen wearing a coronet and veil, designed by Sir Thomas Brock and engraved by De Saulles. The reverse designs of the old head coins were by various artists. The crown still showed Pistrucci’s St. George, the halfcrown was designed by Brock and the ‘three shields’ reverses of the florin and shilling by Sir Edward Poynter; the sixpence and threepence were modifications of Merlin’s original designs. EDGE LEGENDS The punctuation on the Young head crowns is usually a stop (•) but may also include either or both of these;

Cinquefoil

8 pointed star

Note; Some minor die varieties exist for the Obverse of the Old head and Reverses of the Jubilee and Old head issues, beyond the remit of this edition - see Peter J Davis, pp 46-47

369

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

CROWNS

W.WYON.RA

Obv. A Small lettering

Obv. B large lettering

Rev.1 1847

1853

B.P.

Obv. C

Rev. 2

n over u in unita

m over inverted m Rev. 3 370

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

CROWNS Obv.

A.

Young head, left, hair tied with ribbon in the ‘Bun style’ W.WYON.RA on truncation, date below VICTORIA DEI GRATIA in small lettering Letter C in VICTORIA in line with her mouth

Obv.

B.

Similar to A, but, VICTORIA DEI GRATIA in larger lettering with letter T in VICTORIA in line with her mouth

Obv.

C.

‘Gothic’ type bust; Crowned draped bust, left, wearing a richly embroidered bodice Victoria dei gratia britanniar. reg: f: d· (Gothic lettering) Victoria by the Grace of God Queen, defender of the Faith

1.

Crowned square-topped shield within branches of laurel Floral ornament below BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF: DECUS, etc. incusely inscribed with ornament after TUTAMEN and the regnal year in Roman numerals

2.

Cruciform shields crowned, quartering leg. Garter star in centre; rose, thistle, shamrock & rose in the angles within tressure of arcs tueatur unita deus May God guard these united anno dom mdccxlvii (1847) or mdcccliii (1853) As before, but in small raised Gothic characters, with rose & crown stops

Rev.

3.

Edge

a.

St. George slaying the dragon, hair streaming from beneath his helmet, date and initials B.P. in exergue DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI followed by the regnal year in Roman numerals, in raised letters. Milled

Leg.

Leg. Rev. Leg. Edge Rev. Leg. Edge

b.

371

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

CROWNS A/1. ESC 2560

Date

1839 B/1.

ESC 2561

Date

1844

Young head, small lettering (letter C in line with her mouth) Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield Spink 3882 Edge year

Varieties, remarks etc

(Strings)

R

L&S

Old ESC

None

Proof plain edge1

wt. 28.32g (8)

R

38

279

Young head, large lettering (letter T in line with her mouth) Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield Spink 3882 Edge year

VIII

(8)

Varieties, remarks etc

Edge stops; 8 point stars (7)

2562 2563 2564 2565

— — 1845 —

2566 2567 2568

— 1847 —

2569 2570

— — C/2.

2571

1847

2572



2573 2574

— —

2575



2576



(Strings) 2

wt. 28.22g

Edge stops; cinquefoils (8) Proof. Edge stops; cinquefoils Edge stops; cinquefoils 2 (8) Edge stops; cinquefoils Edge (7) reads AANNO — — Edge stops are stars (9) Edge stops are cinquefoils 2 XI — — Edge stops are cinquefoils 2 Edge reads FT for ET (Filled die?) (XI omitted) DECUS (with U not usual V) Milled (b) Pattern or trial piece 3 — — VIII —

— — (8) —

‘Gothic’ type bust, dated mdccxlvii (1847) Rev. 2 - Cruciform shields crowned With regnal years on edge 4 undecimo (10) Proof only (8,000 struck) (9) En medaille ↑↓ — — Proof. Edge, inscribed between two narrow grained borders with rose & crown stops — — Proof with frosted bust — — Proof, totally frosted Sealed in glass lunette — — Proof struck en medaille ↑↑ With a bevelled edge (7) Proof with edge error septimo (should be undecimo)

372

R

L&S

280

C C R6 C2 S

281 42

280A 282 282B 282A

C C R2 R7 R7

Old ESC

286 286A 286A 68

287

Spink 3883 S

57

288

R6

60

342

R5 R6

63

289

R5 R7

289A 288/ 291

59

290

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

CROWNS 2577 2578 2579 2580 2581 2582 2583

C/2.var. ‘Gothic’ type as before, but with a plain edge 1847 Proof in pure silver (0·999 fine) Proof in pure silver (0·999 fine) SG=10.5 ± 0.3 — n over inverted n in unita wt. 27.31g 1847 Proof in pure silver (0·999 fine) m over inverted m in dom VIP proof All the design highly frosted ↑↑ — (3 known) In pure silver (0·999 fine) SG 10·47 In gold wt. 53.55g — In white metal — Proof ↑↑ Frosted bust and reverse wt. 27.76g — C/2.

2584

1853

R6 R2

Spink 3883 58

291 291B

R2

291C

R6

291A

R7 R7 R5

61

292

62

292A

70

294

‘Gothic’ type bust, as before, but dated mdcccliii (1853) Rev. 2 - Cruciform shields crowned With regnal years on edge Spink 3884 (7) Proof only. In the sets ↑↓ R3 69 293 septimo

Note; One or two of the above old ESC 291A-C may be duplications

1

Only issued in the year sets. Obverse lettering is smaller than on later coins and starts at 8 o’clock instead of 7 o’clock.

2

Young head crowns are common in worn to average condition (F and below) but are difficult to obtain EF+ ; the rarity of an uncirculated specimen would perhaps be R3

3

This piece which is in the British Museum does not have the appearance of a proof or pattern and is therefore possibly in the nature of a trial piece made from the old 1847 dies when the authorities were considering a milled edge for the 1887 issue.

4

Mr Stride, formerly Chief Clerk of the Royal Mint, says ‘that the Gothic crowns were never issued for ordinary circulation and that all were struck in proof state. Some appear with the raised design heavily frosted, apparently early strikings.’

373

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

CROWNS JUBILEE HEAD

J.E.B.

Obv. D

B·P·

Narrow date

Rev. 3

Wide date

Obv.

D.

Leg. Rev.

3.

Edge

b.

Jubilee head; Veiled and draped bust, left, wearing a small crown, two orders and necklace. J.E.B. on truncation VICTORIA D: G: BRITT: REG: F: D: St. George slaying the dragon, hair streaming from beneath his helmet, date and initials B.P. in exergue Milled

D/3.

Jubilee head / Rev. 3 – St. George and the dragon

ESC 2585 2586 2587 2588 2589 2590 2591 2592

Date

1887 — 1888 — 1889 1890 1891 1892

Varieties, remarks etc

Milled ― ― ― ― ― ― ―

Spink 3921 L&S

R 2

Proof, issued in the sets Narrow date Wide date

374

C R S S C2 N N N

Old ESC

296 74

297 298 298A 299 300 301 302

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

CROWNS OLD HEAD

T.B.

Obv. Rev. Edge

Obv. E B.P. Rev. 3 E. Old head; Coroneted, veiled and draped bust, left, wearing star and necklace 3. St. George slaying the dragon, hair streaming from beneath his helmet, date and initials B.P. in exergue a. DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI followed by the regnal year in Roman numerals, in raised letters. E/3.

ESC 2593 2594 2595 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2604 2605 2606 2607 2608 2609

Date

1893 — — 1894 — 1895 — 1896 — 1897 — 1898 — 1899 1999 1900 1900

Old head / Rev. 3 – St. George and the dragon Edge year

Varieties, remarks etc

(56) LVI — — Proof, issued in the sets (57) LVII — — LVIII (58) — — (59) LIX — — (60) LX — — (61) LXI — — (62) LXII — — LXIII (63) — — LXIV (64) Note, no crowns dated 1901 were issued 375

Spink 3937

R

C S R S S S N R N N C R S S S S N

L&S

Old ESC

109

304

303 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS ‘BONOMI PATTERN CROWN 1837’ This novel design by J. Bonomi was intended to protect the Royal portrait and legends from wear for as long as possible by being sunken below the field rather than in the traditional raised format, where the design and legend are the first to show wear in circulation. Another innovation was the reverse legend being at right angle and divided by Britannia. (NOT official Royal Mint issues, but since eagerly sought after by collectors when available are included in this publication) See Linecar & Stone, p. 76-80 for background information on these.

Type F/4a Trial crown Design and leg. in relief and in mirror image Unfinished dies

ESC 2610

Date

1837

Comments Type F/4a Designed by J. Bonomi. Dies sunk by Theophilus Pinches in 1893 for Rochelle Thomas5 Obv. & rev. design and legend in relief, due to being in mirror fashion. Obv. Coroneted head right with no detail. Rev. Britannia standing left, holding Victory, no drapery detail, outline of shield only, no stars around circumference Plain edge. wt. 38.40g* In white metal. (Unique?)

R

L&S

R

4

(Old ESC)

321 B

* “Several uniface strikings of both obverse and reverse are recorded in Linecar and Stone the combination of both however escaped their notice. This is believed to be the only known specimen from both dies” Mark Rasmussen, list 26/162, Summer 2014. See also DNW 113, lot 229, 17 September 2013 for this same unique specimen.

376

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS

Type F/4b Design and leg. incuse Positive image Semi-finished dies

ESC 2611

Date

1837

Comments Type F/4b Obv. As before but, only partially finished; no ear-ring, lacking hair detail and coronet ornamentation, with small stars around circumference, design and leg. incuse (sunken) as finished specimens Rev. Britannia standing right, holding Victory, drapery partially finished, as is the shield but, no stars around circumference. wt. 20.50g In white metal. Edge. Plain.

R

L&S 6

R

4

Obv. F Design and leg. incuse Positive image Finished dies F rev. design in relief Rev. 4

Rev.5 377

(Old ESC)

321A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS ESC 2612

Date

1837

Comments Type F/4 Finished dies. Design & leg. incuse; Coroneted head, left, with ear-ring, bun style hair, within an ornamented border of stars VICTORIA REG DEI GRA 18 37 below divided by truncation Rev. – Figure of Britannia as Minerva, standing, right, with trident holding Victory, half a shield showing behind with inscription

(Old ESC)

R

L&S 1

R5

2

320A

R4 R3 R3 R3 R3 R5 R3 R3 R3 R3 R3

3

321

4

322

5

323

6

323a

7

324

8

325

R

2

320

DECUS · ET · TUTAMEN

2613



Vertical leg. across field reads BRITT // MINERVA behind Britannia and VICTRIX // FID DEF in front In silver. Weight inconsistent 3.076g-35.61g Edge. Plain but for a letter T followed by a number from 1-150 5 (plus 2 for the Queen) In gold (weight of 5 sovereigns) (6 struck) (Numbered T1, T2, T3 T4, T5 & T6)

2614 2615 2616 2617 2618 2619 2620 2621 2622 2623 2624

— — — — — — — — — — —

ESC 2625

Date

2626





In copper or bronze (numbered) (10 struck) In hard white metal (numbered) In white metal (no number) In tin (aluminium?) (no number) (10 struck) In lead (pewter) (no number) In silver. Edge, milled In copper. Edge, milled (10 struck) In white metal. Edge, milled In lead. Edge, milled In lead. Edge, plain, thick flan In hard white metal, thick flan (numbered) Comments Type F/5 Obv. F, as before but, with new Rev. 5. – Royal arms with supporters, motto beneath; DIEU ET MON DROIT ‘God and my right’ In silver. Edge, plain. In white metal. Edge, plain

378

9

326

10

327

11

327A

12

327B

12

327B

R

L&S

R6

14A

R4

14

(Old ESC)

328

328A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS ‘UNA AND THE LION’ (This design was finally adopted for the gold Five-pound piece) The following descriptions and table of numbers, L&S 15-33, are by Linecar & Stone, pp. 81-3 Front

rear

Fillet varieties on Una and the Lion (Illustrations by Linecar & Stone, p. 81) Obv.

Rev. 6 DIRIGE with star

Obv. G W.WYON.R.A. 379

Rev. 6a DIRIGIT no star

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS Obv.

G.

Small youg head of Queen Victoria facing left, surrounded by the legen d VICTORIA D:G: BRITANIARUM REGINA F: D: The Queen’s hair is tied in two fillets; (L&S 1, 2 or 3)

Rev.

Queen victoria standing facing left, representing Una, leading the British lion. The legend DIRGE DEUS GRESSUS MEOS ‘May the Lord guide my footsteps’ . In the exurgue date and signature MDCCCXXXIX in Roman numerals and W.WYON.R.A. below The Queen is wearing the robes of the Garter with the star showing on her left arm near her shoulder. She is holding the orb in her left hand and the sceptre in her right hand. Reverse varieties: A. (6). As type description, DIRIGE and Garter star B. (6a). As type description, DIRIGIT minus the Garter star Edge varieties U. Plain V. DECUS ET TUTAMEN × ANNO REGNI TERTIO × in large letters, in some cases overlapping edge of coin. Rose stops in line with bottom edge of lettering W. DECUS ET TUTAMEN × ANNO REGNI TERTIO × in small lettering between “wire edge” raised rims. Rose stops in centre of lettering. X. As W but slightly off centre, giving raised edge on obverse side Y. Incusely inscribed PATTERN FOR A FIVE POUND PIECE Die positions, thickness and diameter All the British Museums specimens have been inspected; the die positions are ↑↑ and the thickness is 2.3 mm. The diameter is 38 mm. Table of Pattern Five pound pieces & Crowns See Remarks and References pages 82-3

ESC 2627 2628 2629 2630 2631 2632

L&S 15 16 17 18 19 19A

Metal Gold Gold Gold Gold Silver Silver

Obv. 1 1 2 3 2 2

Rev. B B A A A A

Edge V U W W U U

Remarks and References

Old ESC 331. R7

wt.39.267g

B.M. specimen wt.39.252g B.M. specimen wt.38.834g B.M. specimen wt.39.209g Thin flan wt.22.455g Normal flan (continued)

380

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS 2633 2634 2635 2636 2637 2638 2639 2640 2641 2642 2643 2644 2645 2646

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Silver Copper Copper Silver Aluminium Tin Silver Pewter Gold Silver White metal Silver Gold White metal

3 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 3 2 3 2

A A A A A A A B B B A B A B

X U Y W W W U U V V U X U U

B.M.col. wt.29.257g Old ESC 332 R7

(2 known)

On a large flan

Old ESC 331A. R7

Old ESC 330 R7 Old ESC 29 R7

Old ESC 331. R7

Hair flows down

Obv. H ESC 2647

Date

1839

DIRIGE

Comments Type H/6 By W. Wyon, dated 1839 obverse Obv. H, similar to G, but larger bust, and different curls in the hair, decorated fillets as before; front fillet leaning to the right W.WYON.R.A.in relief on truncation Small Arabic date 1839 below VICTORIA DEI GRATIA Rev. 6 – As before; DIRIGE etc. and star Edge. Plain

Rev. 6 R

R

L&S 6

34

(Old ESC)

333

(continued)

381

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS ESC 2648 2649

Date

1839 —

Comments Type H/6 In gold. In silver on a thin flan weighing 320 grains Edge, inscribed (presumably DECVS etc.) but only faintly visible in parts

R

L&S 7

R R7

(Old ESC)

35

334

16

332

Plain fillets

Obv. I ESC 2650

ESC 2651

Date

1839

Date

1839

Rev. 1 Comments Type I/1 Smaller bust of the Queen, left, with two plain fillets W. WYON. R.A. in relief on truncation. Large Arabic date 1839 below VICTORIA DEI GRATIA. Legend starts opposite the queen’s chin Rev. 1 - As adopted currency crowns of 1844, 1845 and 1847; Crowned shield of arms surrounded by branches of laurel with a floral emblem of a rose, shamrock and thistle below. Legend • BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF: • with rose type stops before and after legend Edge, plain Comments Type J/1 As the adopted proof of 1839, but head much larger with smaller lettering. (Not traced) 1 - As adopted coin. Edge, plain

382

L&S

(Old ESC)

R

37

335

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

R 7

7

R

336

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS

W.W. below truncation

Obv. K Large date

Small bust Fine hair small bun style ESC 2652

Date

1844

Type K/1a

W.WYON.R.A. on truncation

Obv. L Date Smaller than normal

Rev. 1a Similar to currency minus rose stops

Large bust Plait in large bun style

Comments

By W. Wyon, date 1844 Obv. K. Very small bust of Queen Victoria, left, hair tied with two plain fillets, W.W. in relief below truncation, legend small lettering VICTORIA DEI GRATIA date 1844 in large figures below Letter I in VICTORIA in line with her mouth Rev. 1a. - As adopted coin 1 above, but minus the rose type stops before and after legend Edge, Plain

R 7

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

39

337

(continued

383

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS ESC 2653

Date

1844 VIII

2654



2655

1845 IX

Comments Type L/1a As currency issue, but date in smaller figures below, W.WYON.R.A. in relief on truncation Letter T in VICTORIA in line with mouth Rev. 1 - As adopted coin, with rose stops DECUS ET TUTAMEN (cinquefoil) (7 strings) ANNO REGNI VIII (cinquefoil) DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI VIII (Star stops) As before, but dated 1845. Edge. DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI IX (9)

R 7

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

40

338

R6 R6

338A

W.WYON.R.A. Obv. M Date

ESC 2656

1845

2657



2658 2659

— —

Rev. 1

Type M/1. With plain edges By W. Wyon, dated 1845 As the current coin, W.WYON.R.A. in relief on truncation, but smaller date and lettering, struck on a larger thinner flan. Letter T in VICTORIA in line with her upper lip Rev. 1 - As adopted coin. Edge, plain As before, but there is a broad margin at the edge of the coin thus making the piece slightly larger in diameter As before, but struck on a heavy flan In gold WR 367 wt. 39.87

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

6

R

R4

43

R6 R7

49 44

339

339A

(continued)

384

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS ESC 2660 2661 2662

Date

1845 VIII — 1845 IX

Type M/1. With edge legend Edge, DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI VIII (8) with cinquefoil stops As before but, edge legend incuse wt.8.16g As before but, regnal year 9, faintly inscribed DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI IX

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

6

47

R6 R7

46

283

48

340A

R

340

‘GOTHIC CROWN’

Plain bodice over shoulder Obv. N Date

ESC 2663

1846

2664



Rev. 2 - mdcccxlvi (1846)

Comments Type N/2. By W. Wyon, dated 1846 (unfrosted) Obv. N. As the ‘Gothic’ crown of 1847, but the Queen’s bodice is plain below the border over her left shoulder Rev. 2. – tueatur unita deus anno dom mdcccxlvi ‘May God guard these United’ (Kingdoms) Edge, plain Bust and the whole of reverse frosted

385

R 4

R

R4

L&S

(Old ESC)

56

3 41

341A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS

Decorated bodice Obv. C ESC 2665 2666 2667

Date

— — —

Rev. 2 - mdcccxlvii (1847)

Type C/2. As currency issue Cliché of obverse on a thin copper blank Cliché of reverse on a thin copper blank Cliché of reverse in lead

R

L&S 6

(Old ESC)

64

R R6 R6

65 66

W.WYON.R.A. Obv. B ESC 2668

Date

1879

Rev. 1

Type B/1. As currency issue, plain edge By W. Wyon, dated 1845 Obv. B. As the currency coin, but not struck for circulation, W.WYON.R.A. in relief on truncation, small date Rev. 1 - As adopted coin (3 known) Edge, plain 386

R

L&S

R6

71

(Old ESC)

295

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS

B.P. Obv. O (Unsigned) Date

ESC 2669

1888

2670



Type O/3.

Rev. 3 Comments

By L.C. Wyon Obv. O. Large coroneted bust draped and veiled, left, wearing a necklace and earring, initials L.C.W. on truncation VICTORIA D:G: BRITT : REG : F:D: Rev. 3 - Pistrucci’s St George and dragon, hair streaming from beneath helmet. Date 1888 in exergue (3 known) Edge. Milled As before, but unsigned on truncation

R

L&S 6

99

R7

100

R

L&S

R

(Old ESC)

357

No illustration available for reverse 4

ESC 2671

Date

1890

Type O/4.

Comments

By L.C. Wyon Obv. O. As before - Large coroneted bust Rev. 4 – Smaller St George and Dragon With value FIVE SHILLINGS above Date 1890 in exergue (Unique) Edge. Milled

387

R

7

101

(Old ESC)

358

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS

No illustration available for reverse 4

Rev. D ESC 2672

Date

1890

Type D/4. By Joseph Edgar Boehm, As currency crown D (Jubilee head type) with initials J.E.B. on truncation Rev. 4 –Smaller St George and Dragon, value FIVE SHILLINGS above Date 1890 in exergue (Unique) Edge. Milled

R

R

L&S 7

102

(Old ESC)

359

Obv. P ESC 2673

Date

(1894)

Comments Type P/3. By Alexander Kirkwood (Edinburgh) Undated uniface obverse. Edge. Plain Veiled bust left, small crown perched on top VICTORIA : D : G : BRITT:REG:F:D: Rev. Plain, but for wording in three lines DESIGN / FOR / CROWN PIECE 388

R

R

L&S 5

110

(Old ESC)

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS

REG

Obv. Q ESC 2674

2675

Date

1892 LVI



Obv. R ESC 2676

Date

(1893)

No initials below

Rev. 3

Comments Type Q/3. By T. Brock initials T.B. omitted As the currency crown of 1893, but legend reads REG not REGINA Rev. 3 - Pistrucci’s St George and dragon Date 1892 in exergue Edge, DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI LVI (56) Uniface obverse in lead

Lis below B (pattern R)

L&S 7

R

106

(Old ESC)

360

R7

cf. Lis over B (currency)

Comments Type R/-. Uniface obverse. In lead As currency crowns, but the lis in the Queen’s crown does not cut the B in BRITT

389

R

R

L&S 7

R

107

(Old ESC)

360A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS The following group of coins were produced by J. Rochelle Thomas for Spink & Sons Ltd in 1887 (therefore NOT official Royal Mint issues, but since eagerly sought after by collectors when available are included in this publication) The following information is taken from Linecar & Stone, p. 93-4

Rev. 1 (Spink)

Type S (Spink) Obv. Spink.

Spink

& Son

Rev. 1a (Spink)

Bust of Queen Victoria facing three-quarters left, wearing a richly ornamented dress and veil, surmounted by a small crown, surrounded by the legend + VICTORIA · BY · THE · GRACE · OF · GOD · QUEEN · OF · GREAT · BRITAIN · EMP · OF · INDIA There is an outer circle with a floral motif

Rev. 1 (Spink) The Royal Arms and supporters with FIVE SHILLINGS above and the date MDCCCLXXXVII (87) below. A floral motif is placed below the date. The whole is surrounded by an outer circle as on the obverse Obv.

1. 2. 3.

As type, but with plain truncation As type, but with J.R.T. on truncation As type, but with SPINK & SON on truncation

Rev.

A. B.

As type As type, but SPINK & SON added on reverse below the date

Edge

a. b. c.

Plain Milled Has words MADE IN BAVARIA 390

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

PATTERN CROWNS ESC 2677 2678 2679 2680 2681 2682 2683 2684 2685 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2691 2962 2693 2694

L&S

75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92

Metal

Gold Gold Gold Silver Silver Silver Silver Silver Copper Bronze Bronze Tin Aluminium Aluminium White metal Pewter Lead Lead

Obv.

1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 1? 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

Rev.

B B B A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B

Edge

(Old ESC)

Remarks and References

a b c a a a c b c a c c a c c a a b

347 R5

(6 struck) wt.746 grains

353 R5

(6 struck) wt.753grains

347 R5 343 R5 343 R5 344 R3

(32 struck)

346 R2 352 R4 348 R5

(5 struck)

348 R5

(5 struck)

348 R5 348 R5 349 R5

(10 = Total together

349 R5

struck in aluminium)

350 R4 350 R4 351 R4 351 R4

95 & 96“Numbers reserved for other Specimens which may exist” (L&S)

391

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

DOUBLE FLORINS

J.E.B.

Arabic 1

Roman I Second I in VICTORIA*

1888 Full serifs

1889 Trace of lower left serif

1888 & 1889 Lower left serif missing* ‘Inverted I in VICTORIA’

*This variety is almost certainly the result of a filled die as, demonstrated with these illustrations, but since collectors like to own an example it is retained as a variety (A. Barr’s specimens) Leg. Rev. Leg.

Jubilee bust, left, J.E.B. on truncation (Joseph Edgar Boehm) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA Crowned cruciform shields, Garter star in centre, four sceptres in the angles. Outer beaded circle. REG: 18 87 FID: DEF: BRITT: Edge, milled

392

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

DOUBLE FLORINS Roman date Date

ESC 2695 2696

I887 —

2697 2698 2699 2700 2701 2702 2703

1887 — 1888 — 1889 — 1890

Spink 3922

Varieties, remarks, etc.

R

L&S

(Old ESC)

Proof

C R

97

394A

Arabic date Proof, issued in sets Second I in VICTORIA inverted? Second I in VICTORIA inverted?

C2 S N N C C N

394

Spink 3923 395 98

396 397 397A 398 398A 399

PATTERN

2704

1890

2705



By L.C. Wyon, 1890 Obverse as the currency coin Rev. Crowned cruciform shields, Garter star at centre, sceptres in angles, within beaded border Leg DOUBLE FLORIN sprig 18 90 sprig Sprigs; rose, thistle and shamrock Edge. Milled Uniface reverse as illustration. Edge, plain

393

R7

R7

103

400

400B

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

DOUBLE FLORINS PATTERN Not struck in silver Recorded for interest sake

Gold

xxxx

xxxx

1868 Obv Leg Rev Edge ―

Decimal trial, 1868 Coroneted bust left, hair tied with ribbon VICTORIA D:G: BRITANNIAR:REG:F:D: DOUBLE // FLORIN // 1868 within wreath 5 FRANCS // INTERNATIONAL surrounding wt. 1·62g Milled. In gold Plain. In gold W&R 372 wt. 1·56g

394

R5

401

R6

401A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS 2706

Obv. A1

1 ornate & 1 plain fillet

w.w. raised A1

Rev. 1

w.w. incuse A3

2 plain fillets

Joseph Edgar Boehm Rev. 2

Obv. B

Thomas Brock

Obv. C

1848 over 6

5 over 3

8 over 7

Rev. 3

9 over 7 395

Small date

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS Type Leg.

A 1. A 2. A 3. A 4. A 5. A 6. B.

Jubilee head. Tall bust, left, draped and veiled with a small crown J.E.B. on truncation (Joseph Edgar Boehm) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA

C.

Old head. Large coroneted bust, left, veiled and draped VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·

1.

Crowned square-topped shield within laurel branches Thistle, rose and shamrock spray below. REGINA FID: DEF: BRITANNIARUM

2.

Crowned square-topped shield within Garter and collar of the Order of the Garter. Date below divided by the George REGINA FID: DEF: BRITANNIARUM

3.

Crowned spade-shaped shield within collar of the Garter. · FID · DEF · IND · IMP · HALF 18 (the George) 93 CROWN

A1/1.

Young head, 1 ornate & 1 plain fillet, W.W. in relief (ESC. A1) Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield Spink 3885

Date

Varieties

Leg. Leg. Rev. Leg. Rev. Leg. Rev. Leg.

ESC 2706 2707 2708

Young head, left, one ornate and one plain fillet binding hair (ESC. A1) W.W. in relief on truncation (William Wyon) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA date below Similar, but two ornate fillets (ESC. A2) Similar, but two plain fillets (ESC. A2/3) Similar, as last, but W.W. incuse (ESC. A3) Similar to last, but no initials on truncation (ESC. A4) 1 Similar, but slightly coarser workmanship (ESC. A5)

1839 1839 1839

(Old ESC)

R 4

Proof Proof. Edge, plain. Issued in sets 396

wt. 14.11g wt. 13.51g

R R3 S

668 669 670

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS A2/1. 2709

1839 A3/1.

2710

1839 A4/1.

2711 2712 2713 2714 2715

1839 — — — 1840 A5/1.

2716 2717 2718 2719 2720 2721 2722 2723 2724 2725 2726 2727 2728 2729 2730 2731 2732 2733 2734 2735 2736

1841 1842 1843 — 1844 — 1845 — 1846 — 1848 — — — 1849 1849 — 1850 — 1851 1853

Young head, 2 ornate fillets, W.W. in relief (ESC. A2) Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield Spink 3886 (Not traced) R4 671 Proof or pattern. Edge, plain Young head, 2 plain fillets, W.W. in relief (ESC. A2/3) Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield Spink 3886A (Not traced) R5 671A Proof. Edge, plain Young head, 2 plain fillets, W.W. incuse Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield

(ESC. A3)

Proof wt. 14.11g Proof. Edge, plain wt. 13.96g Underweight flan (is this a genuine R.M. issue?) (8 strings) (8 strings)

Spink 3887 R4 672 R4 672A R3 672B 672C S 673 S

Young head, 2 plain fillets. No initials on truncation (ESC. A4) Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield Spink 3888 R3 674 (7 strings) N 675 676 R 676A 3 over 3? R (4s either with or without serifs) (8 strings) N 677 Struck without a collar on large flan R4 678 (7 strings) N 679 5 over 3 R? 679A 680 S 680A 8 over 6 R 2 3 681 Date not altered from 1846 R 2 681A First 8 over 6 (7 strings) R 2 681B Last 8 over 6 R ? 681C Last 8 over 7 R 682 Large date S 682A Large date 9 over 7 R 683 Small date R 684 S 4 685 Proof R ? Does this date exist? (Not traced) ? 3 687 Proof only. Issued in sets wt. 14.13g (8 strings) R 397

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS

ESC 2737 2738 2739 2740

2741 2742 2743 2744 2745 2746 2747 2748 2749 2750 2751 2752 2753 2754 2755 2756 2757 2758 2759 2760 2761 2762 2763 2764 2765 2766

A1/1.

Young head, 1 ornate & 1 plain fillet, W.W. in relief (ESC. A1) Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield Spink 3885

Date

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

1862 — 1864 —

Proof or pattern only Proof. Edge, plain ↑↑ weights vary 13.98g - 14.10g Proof en medaille ↑↑ Edge, milled 3 wt. 14.06g Proof. Edge, plain 3 wt. 14.04g

R5 R2 R2 R2

688

A6/1.

Young head, plain fillets, no initials, inferior workmanship Rev. 1 - Crowned square-topped shield (ESC. A5) Spink 3888 N 692 See note 4 Proof (Not traced) R4 693 Proof with plain edge R5 694 Proof In gold R7 695 N 696 Proof en medaille ↑↑ wt. 13.99g R3 697 5 Proof or pattern, with plain edge (Not traced) R7 698 699 S 6 over 5 R2 699A 700 S 701 S Proof en medaille ↑↑ wt. 14.11g R4 702 703 R Proof en medaille ↑↑ wt. 14.11g R4 704 Proof with plain edge en medaille ↑↑ R5 704A 705 S Proof en medaille ↑↑ wt. 14.11g R4 706 N 707 Proof en medaille ↑↑ wt. 14.15g R3 708 7 709 Proof, with plain edge (Not traced) R N 710 N 711 Proof or pattern, en medaille ↑↑ plain edge 14.12g R6 711A 712 S N 713 Proof en medaille ↑↓ wt. 14.11g R3 714

1874 — — — 1875 — — 1876 — 1877 1878 — 1879 1879 — 1880 — 1881 — — 1882 1883 — 1884 1885 —

689 690 691

(continued)

398

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS ESC 2767 2768 2769 2770

Date

1886 — 1887 — B/2.

2771 2772 2773 2774 2775 2776 2777

1887 — 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 C/3.

Varieties

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof en medaille ↑↑

wt. 14.10g

Jubilee head Rev. 2 - Crowned shield within Garter and collar Proof, issued in the sets

R

(Old ESC)

N R7 N R5

715 716 717 718

Spink 3924 C3 719 720 S N 721 722 S 723 S 724 S 725 S

Old veiled head Rev. 3 - Spade-shaped shield in collar of the Garter Spink 3938 C 726 Proof, issued in the sets N 727 728 S N 729 730 S N 731 732 S N 733 C 734 N 735

2778 2779 2780 2781 2782 2783 2784 2785 2786 2787

1893 — 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901

1

Dr G. Bullmore pointed out that there are really two types of A5. The early coins show a narrower space between DEI and GRATIA and REGINA and FID; also the crown over shield is narrower. The back of the hair is slightly finer style. Dr Bullmore also indicates that the 1868 coins show all the features of post 1879 A5 coins and suggests they were unofficial coins made perhaps in 1887 when the dies became obsolete on the introduction of the 1887 Jubilee issue. The official view expressed by the Royal Mint now is that the coins are all very clever forgeries, struck from false dies, probably around the turn of the century from Germany; they are all light weight and struck in silver around ·915 fine instead of ·925.

2

The obverse lettering on this die is irregularly spaced

3

Struck for the foundation ceremony of the Albert Memorial

399

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS 4

No halfcrowns for the U.K. were struck between 1850 and 1874. At various times, however, examples have been seen dated 1866, 1868 & 1871. A specimen dated 1861 brought £115 at a sale in the North in 1967, in about ‘fair’ condition. Also a coin sent in from Eire, although in very poor condition clearly showed the date, 1861. This was almost certainly a coin of type A5. Three examples dated 1868 have been seen. One of these had a very broad second 8 in date. One specimen of 1871 was also seen. It would seem that 1861, 1866 and 1871 coins are extremely rare, but coins of 1868 are less rare than was at first thought (see note 1) Graham Dyer, Librarian and Curator of the Royal Mint Collection, has researched these coins and proved them to have been struck from false dies in German around 1887. He confirms they are all of type A5, and if the dates were genuine, they should be of type A4.

5

A piece in the ‘Nobleman’ (Ferrari) Sale, ex Murdoch collection which H.A. Seaby catalogued; ‘As the current coin but from a different die; believed to be a unique pattern from a die which fractured and was discarded’

PATTERNS

Type D1 ESC 2788

Type D2

Date

Varieties

1839

1

2789

1839

2790



(Old ESC)

R 6

736

R

Edge

By W. Wyon, 1839 below bust As current coin, but much smaller head with plain fillets, large date below; perhaps from the punch made for the halfpenny Plain

D2 Edge ―

Similar, but one ornamented fillet only (2 known) Plain Similar. Edge, milled

R7

736A

R6

737

D Obv

400

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS PATTERNS

Type E Date

Type F Varieties

ESC 2791

1875

E Obv Leg. Rev

2792

1875

F Obv Leg Rev

(Old ESC)

R

By W. Wyon and Pistrucci, dated 1875 As type A5 (date both sides) en medaille↑↑ VICTORIA DEI GRATIA Pistrucci’s St George and Dragon, date 1875 in exergue. wt. 13.76g Edge, plain

7

R

738

By L.C. Wyon? and Pistrucci, dated 1875 Coroneted head, left, en medaille ↑↑ VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D : Pistrucci’s St George and Dragon, date 1875 in exergue. wt. 13.72g Edge, plain

R6

739

Type G

401

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS ESC 2793

Date

1876

Varieties

G Obv Leg Rev

2794



Edge ―

(Old ESC)

R

By L.C. Wyon, 1876 Coroneted head, left. L.C.W. below. VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D : A fine equestrian figure of St George in crested helmet about to transfix the dragon, which is depicted unusually large, ground beneath, no legend, L.C.W. below wt. 13.98g Plain. En medaille ↑↑ In gold 3 examples in the Royal Mint Collection

5

R

740

R6

741

R7

742

R7

742A

respective weights: 15.63g; 15.68g & 15.73g

(WR 375)

PATTERNS

(C. Adam’s sale6)

Type H1/1

2795

1884

H1 Obv Leg Rev

Leg 2796





(Unique?) By L.C. Wyon (?), 1884 33mm flan. Necklace of 12 pearls Similar to adopted issues, but smaller crown above veiled bust, and no initials below bust In small lettering, beaded border VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: 1 - Similar to currency issues, but smaller square- topped shield and crown, the George below facing right, divides date in large lettering, toothed border BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF: 18 84 wt. 14.11g Edge. Milled. En medaille ↑↑ Edge. Plain (Some are hand numbered 1-12) 402

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS PATTERNS

ESC 2797

H2

2

H3

H4

H5

H6

Date

1884

R

(Old ESC)

R?

742B

Edge ―

32mm flan. Necklace of 11 pearls Similar, but with medium lettering, no stops, toothed border (both sides) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 2 - Baroque style shield encircled by Garter and also collar of the Order. The George below facing left divides date BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID:DEF: 18 84 larger lettering wt. 13.72g Milled. En medaille ↑↑ Plain. En medaille ↑↑ wt. 13.95g

R7

742C

H3 Leg Edge ―

As before, with large lettering (no stops) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA wt. 14.06g Milled. En medaille ↑↑ Plain. En medaille ↑↑ wt. 14.06g

R?

742D

R7

742E

Varieties

H2 Obv Leg Rev Leg

2798



2799

1884

2800



403

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS 2801

1884

2802



2803

1884

2804



2805

1884

2806



H4 Leg Edge ―

As before, with large lettering (no stops) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA Milled. En medaille ↑↑ Plain. En medaille ↑↑

R?

742F

R7

742G

H5 Leg Edge ―

As before, with large lettering, one stop ↑↑ VICTORIA ˙ DEI GRATIA Milled. Note, stop after VICTORIA ˙ Plain. En medaille ↑↑ wt.13.64g

R7

742H

R7

742I

H6 Leg Edge ―

As before, with large lettering, one stop ↑↑ VICTORIA DEI GRATIA. Milled. Note, stop after GRATIA. wt.13.86g Plain. En medaille ↑↑ wt.14.06g

R?

742J

R7

742K

R7

743

R7 R7

743A

R7

744

I1 2807

1890

J

Edge ― ―

By Boehm and L.C. Wyon (?), 1890 As ordinary Jubilee issue. Square-topped shield, crowned and heraldically shaded within the Garter and also the collar of the Order, date below HALF CROWN 18 90 George below facing right, divides date Milled Plain Plain. Uniface reverse

J Rev

Diademed head of the Queen. As before

I Obv Rev Leg

2808 2809

— —

2810

1890

404

(Not traced)

743B

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS PATTERNS

K1

K2

16 Pearls ESC 2811

Date

1890

11 Pearls Varieties 1

K Obv

Rev Leg Edge 2812





2813

1890

K2 Obv Rev Edge

(Old ESC)

R 4

745

By P.T.B., 1890 Head rather like the Jubilee type, but bust viewed more from the front. Necklace of 16 pearls. Faint initials P.T.B. below to the left of ribbon Crown above four shields divided by sceptre and MODEL ½ CROWN below. BRITANNIAR: ˙REG˙ ˙ DEI˙ ˙GRAT:FID:DEF // · ♣ 1890 ♣ · wt. 14.03g Plain. En medaille ↑↑ In copper silvered (full halfcrown size) In copper on a thick flan. ↑↑ wt. 19.77g

R

R4

745A

By F.B., 1890 Similar to ‘K’, but necklace of 11 pearls, and initials F.B. to right of ribbon. As before. wt. 16.60g Plain. En medaille ↑↑ In copper silvered.

R5

745B

405

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

HALFCROWNS PATTERNS

ESC 2814

Date

Varieties

189-

Rev. Leg. Obv.

6

R

3 – Uniface, as current issue, in lead Date unfinished · FID · DEF · IND · IMP · HALF 18 (the George) 9 CROWN Plain, but with inked words Single beads

(Old ESC)

R7

Full details of this large series of rare 1884 patterns above, see the Colin Adams Collection Spink Auction 177, 2005/12/1, and page 203

406

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS “GODLESS” D:G (DEI GRATIA) omitted from Queen’s titles 3 pearls on central arch

Reverse 1 Central rose

Obverse A1 – w.w. No inner circle (Pattern)

Reverse 2 Floriated cross

Obverse A2 – w.w. With inner circle

A3 – trace of w w With inner circle

A4 – (no w w) With inner circle

GOTHIC DATES

No stop after

With a stop after 407

With a colon after

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS

trefoil between t :

trefoil between t .

trefoil between t .

Obv. B1 & B2 brit: w w (No die number) 48 trefoils 10 below

Obv. B3 brit. w w (No die number) 48 trefoils 10 below

Obv. B4 brit. w w With die number 48 trefoils 10 below

VARIETIES OF THE QUEEN’S CROWN

B 1851-1879, 1887 14 pearls on thin arches 8 pearls in centre of cross 3½ pearls on central arch

C 1877-1879 14 pearls on thick arches 8 pearls in centre of cross 5 pearls on central arch (42 arcs) 408

D 1880-1886 14 pearls on thin arches 7 pearls in centre of cross 4½ pearls on central arch (34 arcs)

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS

trefoil between t :

t : between 2 trefoils

t : between 2 trefoils

B5 & B6 brit: w w With die number 48 trefoils 10 below

B7 britt: w w (No die number) 48 trefoils 10 below

B7 error briit: w w (No die number) 48 trefoils 10 below

1858 Widely spaced c c c

Narrowly spaced ccc

1885 Small trefoil on long arcs

Large trefoil on short arcs 409

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS

t : between 2 trefoils

trefoil to :

trefoil to :

Obv. B8 britt: w w. With die number 48 trefoils 10 below

Obv. C1 & C2 britt: (No ww) With die number 41 trefoils 9 below

Obv. C3 britt: (No ww or die number) 41 trefoils 9 below

un over nu in pound

c for e in one

Davies A (Small design)

n over n inverted

m over m inverted Davies B (Large design)

The larger reverse design was introduced in 1868 The earlier small design was discontinued after 1872 Note; Reverse A in 1870 is R3, only known on die 4 at the present time Minor variations of 2nd reverse are ignored to avoid complication (see Davies p.54) 410

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS

No illustration trefoil to t

t : between 2 trefoils

t : between 2 trefoils No illustration Available of E1

Obv. D1 britt: (No ww or die number) 38 trefoils 8 below Bust B with 3½ pearls

Obv. E2 britt: (No ww or die number) 33 large trefoils 7 below Bust D with 4½ pearls

Obv. E1 (hybrid) britt: (No ww or die number) 33 trefoils 7 below Bust B with 3½ pearls

1874 die number 263

1 arc & 2 trefoils above Cross. Equal number arcs & trefoils

Highest die number recorded to date

2 arcs only above cross 1 less trefoil than arcs

“I am indebted to Malcolm Lewendon for supplying most of the above illustrations and for his help and guidance over many weeks simplifying and proof reading this complicated series.” (M.B.)

411

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS

trefoil between t :

Obv. F1 britt: (No ww or die number) 46 tall trefoils 10 below Bust B with 3½ pearls

48 arcs & 48 trefoils trefoil between t :

48 arcs & 48 trefoils t : between 2 trefoils

46 arcs & 46 trefoils trefoil between t :

42 arcs & 41 trefoils t to arc & : trefoil

39 arcs & 38 trefoils 2nd t to trefoil

34 arcs & 33 trefoils colon to trefoil

Quick calculation of arcs & trefoils in borders (see above) The “Lewendon” method 48 arcs & 48 trefoils - bottom of arc points to the t in brit 48 arcs & 48 trefoils - bottom of arc points to a space between t : in britt 46 arcs & 46 trefoils - bottom of arc points to a space between t : in britt 42 arcs & 41 trefoils - bottom of arc points to the t 39 arcs & 38 trefoils - bottom of arc points to the : 34 arcs & 33 trefoils - bottom of arc points to the t The “Roger Shuttlewood” method Count the number of trefoils under the bust and multiply by 5 412

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS “GODLESS” Obverse A1. Leg. A2.

As ‘A1’, but with an inner circle, dated 1849 Milled unless stated

A3.

As before, but initials only half visible

A4.

As before, but initials obliterated by the inner circle

1.

Crowned cruciform shields; large rose in the centre, rose, thistle, rose and shamrock in the angles. Harp with 9 strings + + ONE FLORIN + ONE TENTH OF A POUND

Edge

Rev.

Young head, bust A, left; crowned (3 full pearls on central arch and 9 on cross), draped, hair plaited, small raised initials w.w. after date. Roman lettering. Beaded border. No inner circle VICTORIA REGINA 1848 (Patterns only, see later)

Leg.

“GOTHIC” (With many sub-varieties) Obverse B. (Old ESC.B1)

Leg. B1.

Reads brit: (note; colon after a single t:) w w below With a stop; 1851., 1852., 1853., 1859. & 1860.

B2.

As ‘B1’- brit: w w, but No stop; 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859 & 1863

B3.

Similar, but reads brit. (Note; stop after single t.) w w, No stop; 1862

Dates Dates Date

Bust B (3½ pearls on central arch and 8 in centre of cross) Ornate border consisting of 48 arcs & 48 trefoils (10 below bust) Young head, similar to last, but with subtle differences in hair style which partially covers the ear, small raised w w below Legend and date in Gothic lettering Victoria d:g: brit: reg: f: d· mdcccli. (date)

413

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS B4.

As ‘B3’- brit. w w, but with a die number No stop; 1864 & 1865

B5.

As ‘B2’- brit: (colon after single t:) w w, but with a die number No stop; 1864, 1865, 1866 & 1867

B6.

As ‘B5’- brit: w w, and die number, but With a colon; 1865:, 1866: (?)

B7.

Bust B, but reads britt: (note; double tt:) w w, no die number No stop; 1867, 1878 & 1879

B8.

As ‘B7’- britt: w w, but with a die number No stop; 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1877 (With only a trace of WW visible) & 1879

Dates (ESC.B2)

Dates Dates (ESC.B6)

Dates (ESC.B3)

Dates Obverse C.

(ESC.B5)

C1.

Reads - britt: no initials with a die number With stop; 1877.

C2.

As before - britt: no initials, with a die number, but No stop; 1867 & 1878

C3.

As before - britt: no initials or die number No stop; 1877

Date (ESC.B5)

Dates (ESC.B5)

Date Obverse D.

(ESC.B7)

Date

Bust C (5 pearls on central arch and 8 in centre of cross) Ornate border consisting of 42 arcs & 41 trefoils (8 below bust) (Note; no trefoil between the two arcs above the top of cross on crown)

D1.

Bust B (3½ pearls on central arch and 8 in centre of cross), but Ornate border consisting of 39 arcs & 38 trefoils (8 below bust No trefoil between the two arcs above top of cross on crown) Bust B - britt: no initials or die number No stop; 1879

414

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS Obverse E.

E1. (Old ESC.B5/8)

Date (ESC.B8)

E2.

Dates Obverse F.

(ESC.B9)

A hybrid; Bust B - britt: no initials or die number with 34 arcs & 33 trefoils (7 below bust) (Recorded but not proven) No stop; 1880 As before, but New Portrait Bust D – britt: no initials or die number No stop; 1880, 1881, 1883, 1884, 1885 & 1886 Bust ‘B’ (3½ pearls on central arch and 8 in centre of cross) Ornate border consisting of 46 arcs & 46 tall trefoils (10 below bust)

F1.

Reads britt:, but no initials or die number No stop; 1887

2.

Crowned cruciform shields; floriated cross in the centre, rose, thistle, rose and shamrock in the angles. Less ornate than before and smaller beaded border, with milled edge. Harp with 9 strings one florin one tenth of a pound

Date Rev.

Bust D (4½ pearls of varying sizes on central arch and 6 in centre of cross) Ornate border consisting of 34 arcs and 33 trefoils (7 below bust). Note, no trefoil between the two arcs above the top of cross on crown on dates 1880 – 1885. In 1885 the border design was changed to longer arcs with small trefoils, giving 33 of each – there is now only 1 arc over the top cross on the crown. 1885 exists with both designs, 1886 all have longer arc design

Leg.

“GODLESS” ESC 2815 2816 2817

Date

1849 — —

A2. A3. A4.

With inner circle Varieties and remarks Initials w.w. visible after date Initials half visible Initial w w not visible (slight trace possible) 415

Spink 3890

(Old ESC)

R 2

C N R2

802 802A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS “GOTHIC” All with reverse 2 (minor sub-varieties see Davies pp. 54-6) B1. ESC 2818 2819 2820 2821 2822 2823 2824 2825

Bust B - brit: (Note; colon after single t:) w w below (Old ESC B1) Border with 48 arcs & 48 trefoils (9 below bust) With stop after date Spink 3891 (Old ESC) Date Gothic date R Varieties and remarks 5 804 (1851) mdcccli. Proof R 6 805 — Proof, plain edge, en medaille ↑↑ R — 806 (1852) mdccclii. C 2 807 — Proof R — 2 807A — R — ii. second i over a stop — — n over inverted n in florin (3 seen*) — — (1 seen*) Leg. reads onc tenth (1853) mdcccliii. R3 807B

B2. 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842

(1853) — — (1854) — (1855) — (1856) — (1857) — — (1858) — — — (1859) 1 2

(Old ESC B1) As ‘B1’- brit: (colon after single t:) w w, but No stop after date Spink 3891 808 C mdcccliii 2 809 Proof, issued in the sets R — — (scarce*) Leg. reads onc tenth R3 811A mdcccliv — (4 seen*) Leg. reads onc tenth 812 S mdccclv — (5 seen*) Leg. reads onc tenth 813A S mdccclvi — (7 seen*) Leg. reads onc tenth 814 S mdccclvii 3 815 Proof R — — (6 seen*) Leg. reads onc tenth 816B N See note below 1 Wide c c c in date2 mdccclviii 2 1 816B S — See note below Narrow ccc in date 4 816A Proof (Not traced) R — — (4 seen*) Leg. reads onc tenth 818 See note below 1 R mdccclix

Minor differences occur on the obverse of 1858 & some 1859. See Davies pp 54-55 See page 409

416

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS B1. ESC 2843 2844 2845 2846

(Old ESC B1) As before - brit: (colon after single t:) w w With stop after date Spink 3891 (Old ESC) Gothic date Varieties and remarks R Date 817 (1859) mdccclix. N 4 — R — m over inverted m 819 (1860) mdccclx. R — — (5 seen*) Leg. reads onc tenth

Bust B – brit: (Note; upper stop of colon after t very weak1) w w (Old ESC B1) Spink 3891 No stop after date R2 820 (1862) mdccclxii — Proof, milled edge (2 in R.M.) R6 821 — — Proof, plain edge (Not traced) R5 —

B3. 2847 2848 2849

1 See Seaby 1978, p.208. M.J. Dickenson explains why it must be a colon and not a stop, explaining that the two Proofs in the Royal Mint Collection exhibit faint traces of the upper stop on close inspection.

B2. 2850 2851

As before - brit: (colon after single t:) w w No stop after date (1863) mdccclxiii — Proof, plain edge —

B4.

(Old ESC B1)

Spink 3891 R3 822 R4 823

As B3 - brit. (Stop after single t.) w w, but with a die number No stop after date

ESC

Date

Gothic date

2852 2853

(1864) (1865)

mdccclxiv mdccclxv

Max die Varieties etc number (Recorded die numbers) 30 (20,22?,30)

8

(8)

R

(Old ESC)

R3 R4

B5. 2854 2855

(Old ESC B2) As B2 - brit: w w, but with a die number No stop after date Spink 3892 824 N (1864) mdccclxiv 73 (1,3,5,6-8,10-12,16-18,21,22?,23-26, 28,29,32-35,38-40,44-56,60,62-65, 67-69,71,73)





40

On heavy flan, wt.14.77g (20 struck)

2856 2857

— (1865)

— mdccclxv

47 65

Proof on Piedfort flan (1-7,10-40,51?,53,54,65)

R4

824A

R4 S

825 826

(continued)

417

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS ESC

Date

Gothic date

2858 2859 2860

(1866) — (1867)

mdccclxvi — mdccclxvii

Max die Varieties etc number (Recorded die numbers) 32 (1-5,8-32)

16 9

un over nu in pound

(2 seen*)

(1-9 )

B6. 2861 2862

As B5 - brit: w w and die number, but With a colon after date (1865) mdccclxv: 51 (41,43-49,51?) (1866) mdccclxvi: ? (6,7 are possibilities)

R

(Old ESC)

R R4 R2

828 830

(Old ESC B2)

(Not traced)

Spink 3892 R2 827 R3 829

B7. 2863 2864

Bust B - britt: (Note; colon after tt:) w w, no die number (Old ESC B6) Spink 3897 No stop after date 5 831 (1 seen*) R (1867) mdccclxvii Proof or pattern — Proof or pattern. ↑↑ Edge plain R5 832 —

C2. 2865

Bust C (5 pearls) - britt: no initials, but with a die number (Old ESC B5) Border with 42 arcs & 41 trefoils (9 below bust) No stop after date Spink 3895 (1867) mdccclxvii ? Date error from 1877? R4 832A *Numbers seen - as recorded by Malcolm Lewendon, a Gothic Florin specialist

B8. 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877

(1868) (1869) — — (1870) — — — (1871) — — —

Bust B - britt: w w, but with a die number and 48 arcs (Old ESC B3) Spink 3893 No stop after date 833 R mdccclxviii 30 (1-9,11-30) 834 19 (1-19) S mdccclxix 14 n/n inverted in florin (3 seen*) — ― Proof (Not traced) R3 835 — 836 24 (1-11,13,15-24) S mdccclxx 20 m/m inverted in date (4 seen*) — 3 4 — u/u inverted in pound (3 seen*) R 35 Proof (B.M. Collection) R5 836A — (1-5,7-36,38-51,53-60,62-68) 837 68 S mdccclxxi 4 838 43 Proof en medaille ↑↑ (43) R — 43 Proof, plain edge R4 839 — Pattern struck in nickel R? — (continued)

418

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS ESC

Date

Gothic date

2878

(1872)

mdccclxxii

2879

(1873)

mdccclxxiii

2880 2881

— (1874)

— mdccclxxiv 263

2882 2883

— (1875)

— mdccclxxv

30 88

2884

(1876)

mdccclxxvi

50

2885

(1877)

mdccclxxvii

61

2886





38

*

(1877)

R

(Old ESC)

C

840

C

841

(Not traced) (1-6,8-18,20,23,25-28,31-35,38,39,41, 45,50-56,58-60,62 & 263)

R5 N

842

iv of date over iii (29,30)

R2 N

843A

S

845

R

846

R3

847

Max die Varieties etc number (Recorded die numbers) 156 (1-4,6-17,19,21-107,109,111,113-123, 125-136,138-150,152-154,156) 262 (2-7,9,10,12-31,33-42,44,46-80, 83-85,87,89-112,114-116,118-121, 124-129,131-135,137,138,140-154, 156-175,177-179,183-194-213, 215-223,225-235,237-241,243,244, 247-251,253-258,260-262) 1

Proof

(9,11,13-20,22,24,26-28,30-34,36,37, 39,41-43,45,46,48,50-53,55-65,67,68, 70,72,74,76-79,82-84,86-88) (3-9,12,14,15,17-19,21-33,35-40, 42,43,45,47,49,50) (2-9,12,13,15,17,18,20,24,48,56, 59,61)*

ww very feint (filled die?)

843

844

Additional dies (10,11,34,51-54,58,62,63,68), but indeterminate varieties

C1. 2887

As ‘C2’ - britt: no initials, with a die number and 42 arcs (Old ESC B5) Spink 3895 With a stop after date 848 R (1877) mdccclxxvii. 68 (21,25-34,42,50-54,60,62,63,68)*

2888

C3. As ‘C1’ above, but no die number (1877) mdccclxxvii. C2.

2889 2890 1

(Not traced)

As ‘C1’- britt: no initials, with a die number, but No stop after date (1878) mdccclxxviii 95 (2-9,11-29,31-44,47,48,50,51,

Spink 3896 R4 848A (Old ESC B5)

Spink 3895 N 849

53-58,60-68,71-79,81,82,85,86, 88-91,93-96) — 73 Proof (24,73) R6 849A — Specimens exist of; 1873 dies 129 and 131 with the bottom left of the 1st x in the date missing, making the date appear to be mdccclrxiii and specimens exist of 1881 with the bottom left of the 3rd x in the date missing, making the date appear to be mdccclxxri. Since these so-called errors are almost certainly due to filled dies they are disregarded as varieties

419

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS B7. ESC 2891 2892 2893

Date (1878) (1879) —

Bust B - britt: (Note; tt:) w w, no die №. No stop after date Gothic date

mdccclxxviii mdccclxxix —

(Old ESC B6)

Varieties and remarks (1 seen*)

Error: reads briit:

See page 409

C3. 2894

2895 2896 2897

Bust C (5 pearls) - britt: no initials or die № No stop after date (1879) mdccclxxix

(Old ESC B5/6)

D1.

(Old ESC B7)

Bust C - britt: no initials or die № Border with 39 arcs & 38 trefoils (8 below bust) (1879) mdccclxxix — Proof — — Proof, en medaille ↑↑ Edge plain —

E1. 2898

1880 E2.

2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912

Spink 3897 (Old ESC) R R7 R2 851

(1880) — — (1881) — — (1883) — (1884) (1885) — — (1886) —

Spink 3896 850 R

Spink 3898 852 R 5 853 R 5 853A R

Hybrid - earlier bust C, border as E2 - britt: no initials or die № (Old ESC B3/8) R4 854A

mdccclxxx

(Old ESC B8) Bust D - britt: no initials or die №. Border with 34 arcs & 33 trefoils (7 below bust) Spink 3900 Is this pellet in date a flaw? mdcccl·xxx See note 1 page 419 854 S mdccclxxx Proof R4 855 — 856 C mdccclxxxi 5 857 Proof R — 6 858 Proof, plain edge R — 859 C mdccclxxxiii 6 Proof, plain edge R — 860 C mdccclxxxiv 861 Short arcs (see page 409) S mdccclxxxv 861 Longer arcs (see page 409) C — Proof R6 862 — 863 Longer arcs (see page 409) N mdccclxxxvi Proof R6 864 —

420

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS F1. ESC 2913 2914

Bust B (3½ pearls) - britt: no initials or die № and Border with 46 arcs & 46 trefoils (10 below bust) No stop after date

Date (1887) —

Gothic date

Varieties and remarks

mdccclxxxvii —

Proof

(Old ESC B9)

Spink 3901 (Old ESC) R 866 R 6 867 R

PATTERNS or PROOFS By WILLIAM WYON - Dated 1848 Struck en medaille ↑↑ with plain edges, unless stated, Established classification retained; small lettering for obverse, Large lettering for reverse, small Roman numerals for legend variety

a

b

c

A-i

A-v

B-i

B-ii

B-iii

B-iv

421

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS 2826

C-i

C-vi

C-vii

OBVERSES dated 1848 a. (A1) As the adopted 1849 ‘Godless’ florin, crowned bust, left, but no inner circle b.

Similar, but large laureate head of Queen, left, date below with inner circle

c.

Similar, but Queen’s head with plain fillet, left, date below with inner circle REVERSES

A.

Cruciform shields, as adopted florin

B.

Royal cypher VR, interlinked with rose, thistle and shamrock. Prince of Wales’s plumes with motto, all within quatrefoil

Ci.

ONE FLORIN

trident below within oak-wreath

Cvi.

ONE DECADE

trident below within oak-wreath

Cvii. ONE CENTUM

trident below within oak-wreath REVERSE LEGENDS

i.

ONE FLORIN

ONE TENTH

ii.

ONE FLORIN

TWO SHILLINGS

iii.

ONE CENTUM

ONE TENTH

iv.

ONE DECADE

ONE TENTH OF A POUND 422

OF A POUND

OF A POUND

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS v.

ONE DIME

ONE TENTH

vi.

ONE DECADE

100 MILLES - ONE TENTH OF A POUND

vii.

ONE CENTUM

100 MILLES - ONE TENTH OF A POUND

ESC 2915

Obv

Rev

a

Ai

2916 2917 2918

— — —

— — —

Plain edges

b c a b c a b c a b c a b c a b c a b c a b c a b c

— — Av — — Bi — — Bii — — Biii — — Biv — — Ci — — Cvi — — Cvii — —

Reverse legend

en medaille ↑↑

ONE // FLORIN // ONE TENTH // OF A POUND //

Milled edge. Struck with normal die axis ↑↓ Milled edge. Struck en medaille die axis ↑↑ In gold, on a thick flan, no inner circle Obv. (2 known)

2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944

OF A POUND

Norweb 284, wt. 21.713g; 335.1grs

ONE // DIME // ONE TENTH // OF A POUND //

ONE // FLORIN // ONE TENTH // OF A POUND //

ONE FLORIN // TWO SHILLINGS //

ONE CENTUM // ONE TENTH OF A POUND //

ONE DECADE // ONE TENTH OF A POUND //

ONE TENTH OF A POUND

100 MILLES // ONE TENTH OF A POUND //

100 MILLES // ONE TENTH OF A POUND //

Date, no stop 423

(Old ESC)

R 5

R

801 or

R5 R2 R2

799

R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2

886B 800/ 886A 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS PATTERNS & PROOFS MULES OF TWO REVERSES With edge legend in raised lettering Ë DECUS ET TUTAMEN Ë ANNO REGNI SEPTIMO ESC 2945 2946 2947

Obv

Bi Biii Biv

Rev

Plain edges

Reverse legend

en medaille ↑↑

Bii Cvii Cvi

R R5 R5 R5

(Old ESC)

913 914 915

Type D

2948

1875

D Obv Leg Rev

By Leonard Charles Wyon (?) and Benedetto Pistrucci, 1875 Coroneted head, left VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D : Pistrucci’s St George and dragon. Edge, plain

R6

916

R6

917

Type E

2949

1876

E

By L.C. Wyon, 1876 As the pattern halfcrown of this date, (Old ESC 740 ) but on a much lighter blank 424

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS

Type F

2950

1887

F Obv Rev Edge

By Joseph Edgar Boehm, 1887 As the current Jubilee head, but very slightly smaller bust, further from the beaded border, eight beads to the left arch of crown As the current coin. Milled

R7

918

R7

918A

R7

918

Type G No illustration available See matching pattern 1890 Double Florin 2951

1890

G Leg. Edge

By L.C. Wyon, 1890 Uniface reverse as the current issue but ONE FLORIN Sprig 18 90 sprig (Sprigs of rose-shamrock-thistle wt. 176.4grains, 11.43g. 30mm Plain.

Type H

2952

1891

H

Edge

By L.C. Wyon, 1891 As the current Jubilee florin, but FLORIN 1891 between two sprigs, and the shields lined. Milled 425

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS JUBILEE HEAD

3rd reverse*

Early - 1887 & 1888 Wide space below truncation Obv.

See P.J. Davies, p.56-7 for further sub-varieties of obverses & reverses

Late - 1888 - 1892 narrow space below truncation

J.

“Jubilee head” Veiled and draped bust, left, wearing a small crown Initials J.E.B. (Joseph Edgar Boehm) on truncation VICTORIA DEI GRATIA

3.

Crowned cruciform shields, Garter star in centre, sceptres in angles BRITT: REG: 18 87 FID: DEF:

Leg. Rev. Leg.

*

Jw/3. Early bust - wide space below truncation ESC 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961

Date

1887 — 1888

Varieties

Note: All harps now have 10 strings

Spink 3925

(Old ESC)

R 3

Proof, issued in the sets

Jn/3. Late bust - narrow space below truncation 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 Proof (7 struck but only one in private hands) — 426

C S R

868 869 870

Spink 3925 870A S 871 S 872 R R2 873 R2 874 R6 875

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

FLORINS OLD HEAD

T.B. Obv. O Obv.

O.

‘Old head’. Coroneted bust draped and veiled, left T.B. (Thomas Brock) below truncation VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP

4.

Three shields of England, Scotland and Ireland, rose, shamrock and thistle between two sceptres within Garter, crown above, date below divided by the Garter buckle, harp with 9 strings ONE · FLORIN + TWO SHILLINGS

O/4.

Old head 1 Rev. 4 - Three shields within Garter, crown above

Leg. Rev.

Rev. 4

Leg.

Spink 3939 N 876 N 877 878 S 879 S 880 S N 881 882 S 883 S 7 883A? R N 884 N 885

2962 2963 2964 2965 2966 2967 2968 2969 2970 2971 2972

1893 — 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 — 1900 1901

1

See Davies pp. 57-58 for further sub-varieties of obverses & reverses.

2

See note in St James’s Auction 2, 11th May 2005, lot 511 for theory about the origin of this coin.

Proof, issued in the sets

Proof

(Unique. Possibly struck at the Sydney mint 2)

427

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS YOUNG HEAD

A1 First

end curl

A2 Second

A3 Third

end curl

loose ribbon

A4 Fourth

tight ribbon

1a. small letters Short thin line

1b. with die № Short thin line

1c. large letters Long dumpy line

1d. med. letters Short dumpy line

3 over 1

Die number

50 over 49

8 over 6

4 over higher 4

58 over 58

8 over 9

8 over 6

428

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS

9 over 8

9 over 9

8 over 6

R over B

7 over broken 5

Inverted V for 1st I

B over C or G

R over B

R over B

Die number

Pellet above die number

Proof no die number

Short line

Long line

Large lettering

Inverted G for D

Some As like triangles

50 double struck?

429

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS

1 2 3 4 5 6

VICTORIA VICTORIA VICTORIA VICTORIA VICTORIA VICTORIA

Obverse legends in abbreviated order (Ignoring punctuation) DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF IND IMP DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR REG F D DEI GRATIA BRITT REGINA F D DEI GRATIA REG F D DEI GRATIA REGINA YOUNG HEAD

Obv. Leg.

A1. 4

First young head, bound with fillet, left, W.W. on truncation VICTORIA DEI GRATIA: REG: F: D: Edge, milled

A2.

Second young head; similar, but slightly larger head and the back curl longer, with W.W. on truncation

A2var. As last, but without w.w. (Some of the earlier dates show traces of the w.w. having been removed from the die) (Old ESC. A3)

Rev.

A3.

Third young head. A slight change of head; lower relief, slightly larger and hair at back is varied; the nose is more pronounced, the mouth fuller and the angle of truncation slightly altered. Very pronounced border beads and rim (Old ESC A5)

A4.

Fourth young head; die has been re-cut, most noticeable in the wavy curls and hair above the ribbon at the back of the neck

1a

Value in the centre, between two branches; an olive left and oak right, tied together at the base with a ribbon, a large crown above and the date below. Value in small letters in the centre ONE / SHILLING / a thin line below (Old ESC. A4&6)

1b

As ‘1a’, but with a die number between wreath and date

1c

Similar to ‘1a’, but the words ONE SHILLING in larger letters and a long dumpy line below

1d

Similar to ‘1c’, but with subtle differences; the words are slightly smaller, although still larger than ‘1a’, a short dumpy line below

Leg.

430

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS A1/1a. First young head, with w.w. on truncation Rev. 1a. Date

Varieties, remarks, etc.

(Old ESC A1)

Spink 3902 R

(Old ESC)

S R4 R R2

1278

ESC 2973 2974 2975 2976

1838 — 1839 —

2977

A2/1a. Second young head, with w.w. on truncation Rev. 1a. wt. 5.66g Proof, ↑↓ plain edge, from the set 1839

Spink 3903 1282 S

2978 2979 2980 2981 2982 2983 2984 2985 2986 2987 2988 2989 2990 2991 2992 2993 2994 2995 2996 2997 2998 2999 3000 3001

A2var./1a . Second young head, (no w.w.) Rev. 1a Mule (Old ESC. A3/A1) 1838 1839 Proof with plain edge struck normally ↑↓ — Proof with plain edge struck en medaille ↑↑ — Proof with milled edge — 1840 Proof — Last D in legend over F — 1841 1842 Proof — 1843 1844 1845 1846 1848 Second 8 over 6 — 1849 1850 50 over 46 — 50 over 49 — 1851 Proof — 1852

Spink 3904 R4 1278A N 1283 1284 R 1284 R R6 1284A R2 1285 R5 1286 R5 1286A 1287 R 1288 S R5 1289 1290 R 1291 S 1292 R 1293 S R6 1294A R2 1294 1895 S R3 1296 R? 1296A R4 1297 R2 1298 R2 1298A 1299 S

Proof ↑↓

weights vary 5.65g-5.88g

Proof with plain edge struck en medaille ↑↑

1279 1280 1281

(Old ESC A2)

(Old ESC A3)

(continued)

431

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS ESC 3002 3003 3004 3005 3006 3007 3008 3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023

Date

1853 — 1854 — 1855 1856 1857 — — 1858 — — — 1859 — — 1860 1861 — 1862 1863 —

Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof, only issued in the sets ↑↓

wt. 5.66g

4 over higher 4 Some letters A like triangles Inverted G for D : F: : 7 over broken 5 Second 8 over 6 58 over 58 8 over 9 9 in date is a damaged 8 Proof B over C or G & 2nd R over B in BRITANNIAR D over B in F : D : 3 over 1

A2/1b. Second young head Rev. 1b – As before with a die number above date Date Max number (Recorded die numbers)

ESC 3024

1864

80

3025

1865

130

3026 3027 3028 3029 3030

— 1866 — — 1867

29 70 63 30 36

Varieties etc

(1-15,17-20,22-25,27-32,34,36-42(large ),45,46,48,50, 51,55-59,62-68,72,75,77,78,80) (1,2,4-19,21-24,26-34,37-42,44-52,54,56-59,61-66, 68-70, 72,75,77-80,83,88,,89,92,94,97-101,103-110, 113-119,121,122,124,125,130) 5 over 3 (29) (1,3,4,6-10,13,15,17-20,22-62,65,66,68,70)

Reads BBITANNIAR (63) Inverted V for I in VICTORIA (1-18,20,22,25-27,36,37)

432

R

(Old ESC)

S R2 R2 R4 S S S R4 R4 S R? R4 R4 S R3 R5 R R R2 R2 R2 R4

1300 1301 1302 1302A 1303 1304 1305 1305A 1305B 1306 1306A 1306B 1306C 1307 1307A 1307B 1308 1309 1309A 1310 1311 1311A

(Old ESC A4)

Spink 3905 R

( Old ESC)

N

1312

N

131 3

N R3 R3 S

1314 1314A 1314B 1315

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS A3/ 1a. Third young head Rev. 1a. As before but, no die number above date ESC 3031 3032 3033

Date

Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof ↑↓ wt. 5.61g Proof, en medaille ↑↑ with plain edge

Max number (Recorded die numbers)

Varieties etc

ESC 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042

1867 — 1868 1869 1870 1871 — — 1872

37 18 51 15 20 56 19 19 155

3043

1873

141

3044

1874

76

3045 3046 3047

1875 1876 1877

87 36 70

3048

A3/ 1a. Third young head Rev. 1a. As before but, no die number above date 1877

(16,17,19-29,31,32,34-37 (& possibly 53,55) (17,18) With a pellet above die (1-3,5-19,21-38,40-42,44,47-51,54)

numbers

(1-15) (1-20) (1,3,5-19,21,23-28,31-48,51-56)

Proof ↑↓ Proof, en medaille ↑↑ with plain edge (1-13,15,16,18,20-39,41,42,44-46,48-50,51-56, 61-63,65-68,70-78,80-88,90-103,105-108,113, 116,117,119,121,122,125-131,135,136,138,139, 148,150,151,153,155) (1-6,10-19,21,22,24,26,30,31,33-48,50,52-59, 61-67,69-71,73,75-77,79,83,84,86-89,92-94,96,100, 101,103,105-109,110,111,113-115,117-123,125, 127-129,131,132,135-137,141) (Crosslet 4): (1-15);(Plain 4): 16-19,21-23,25-28,30, 31,34-44,46-50,52,54-57,60-70,74,76 & 87?) (1-24,27-30,32-36,38,41-61,63-72,74,84,87) (1-7,9-18,20,21,23-29,33,35,36 & possibly 46,55,68) (1,3-15,17-19,22,24,25,28-35,37,38,40,41,43-45, 47-49,51,52,54-57,59,61,64,66,69,70)

433

(Old ESC)

(Not traced)

A3/1b. Third young head Rev. 1b - As before with die number above date Date

Spink 3906 R

Does this exist as a non proof?

1867 — —

(Old ESC A5)

1316 4

R R5

1317 1317A

(Old ESC A6)

Spink 3906A R 3

( Old ESC)

R R3 N R R N R5 R6 C

1317B

C

1325

N

1326

N S N

1327

1317C 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324

1328 1329

(Old ESC A5)

Spink 3906 1329A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS A3/1b. Third young head Rev. 1b - As before with die number above date Date

Max number (Recorded die numbers)

Varieties etc

ESC 3049

1878

84

(1877 type obverse): 1-5,7-18,20,23,25-29,31,32,33, 37,40,42 (switch may be at 40 rather than 44) (1879 type obverse): 44-60,62-69,72,74-76,84

3050



36

Proof ↑↓

(Old ESC A6)

Spink 3906A R

( Old ESC)

N

1330

R6

1331

3051 3052 3053 2054 3055 3056

A4/1b. Fourth young head Rev. 1b - As before with die number above date 47 1878 36 Proof ↑↓ — (1,2,4-6,8-12,14-16,17over16,22,26,28) 26 1879 9 R over B in GRATIA — 13 8 over 6 — 26 Proof ↑↓ —

3057 3058

A3/1a. Third young head Rev. 1a. As before, but no die number above date 1879 Proof, en medaille ↑↑ with plain edge —

(Old ESC A5)

3059 3060

A3/ 1a. Third young head Rev. 1a. As before, no die number above date 1879 Proof, with plain edge —

(Old ESC A7)

3061 3062

A4/1a. Fourth young head Rev. 1a. As before, no die number above date Rev. small lettering, thin short line below value 1879 Proof —

(Old ESC A7)

Spink 3907A R3 R3 R2 1334 R4

1333

(Old ESC A5)

Spink 3907A 1334A

R3

1334B

Spink 3906 1316

R

5

1317A

Spink 3907 N 1334 R5 1334A

Tower Hill shillings, up to 1879, were struck on Boulton presses using hand finished dies. Each die was worked over by a die-improver who sharpened up on details of engraving, over-punched indistinct letters and added the last two figures of the date. This explains various errors.

3063

A4/1d. Fourth young head Rev. 1d. Smaller letters, short dumpy line 1880 434

(Old ESC A7)

Spink 3907 N 1335A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS A4/1c. Fourth young head Rev. 1c. Larger letters, long dumpy line Date

(Old ESC A7)

Spink 3907

Varieties, remarks, etc.

R

(Old ESC)

1335

Proof ↑↓ Proof, with plain edge

N R3 R5

ESC 3064 3065 3066

1880 — —

3067

A4/1d. Fourth young head Rev. 1d. Smaller letters, short dumpy line 1881

3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073

(Old ESC A7) A4/1c. Fourth young head Rev. 1c. Larger letters, long dumpy line Spink 3907 N 1338 1881 Proof ↑↓ wt. 5.65g R4 1339 — Proof, with plain edge R6 1340 — 1341 S 1882 N 1342 1883 Proof struck en medaille↑↑with plain edge wt. 5.64g R6 1342A —

3074 3075 3076 3077 3078 3079 3080 3081

(Old ESC A7) A4/1d. Fourth young head Rev. 1d. Smaller letters, short dumpy line Spink 3907 N 1343 1884 Proof R5 1344 — N 1345 1885 Proof ↑↓ wt. 5.66g R5 1346 — N 1347 1886 Proof (Not traced) R7 1348 — 1349 S 1887 5 1350 Proof ↑↓ wt. 5.67g R —

Spink 3907 N 1335A

No illustration available Rev. 1e 435

1337

(Old ESC A7)

PATTERNS

Obv. D

1336

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS ESC 3082

Date

1839

Type

D Obv Leg Rev

Obv. E

Varieties, remarks, etc.

By W. Wyon, 1839 As current young head shillings, but 4 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA REG F D 1e - As the current design, but rev. is ruled with fine horizontal lines

Rev. 1a

Plain on truncation 3083

1863

E Obv. Leg Rev

(Old ESC)

R

R

5

1371

Obv. F

C.H.W. Raised By Ch. W. Wiener & Wyon, 1863 Head of Queen, left, wearing wreath composed of roses, shamrocks and thistles, two tie ends on neck. 2 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D : 1a - As current coin. Edge, plain ↑↓ 436

R3

1372

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 3084

1863

F

3085



Rev ─

Similar, but different features and without the tie ends, but with initials C.H.W. on neck in raised letters. 1a - As current coin. Edge, plain ↑↓ As before, but obverse uniface (Unique?)

R3

1373

No illustration

Obv. G

Rev. 1a

C H.W. Incuse 3086

1863

3087

1863

3088



Obv. H

C H.W. Raised R3

1374

Rev

Similar, but with coroneted head, back hair looped with pearls, C.H.W. incuse on neck 1a - As last. Edge, plain ↑↓

H Leg Rev ─

Similar to ‘G’ but, CH.W. raised on neck 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1a - As last. Edge, plain ↑↓ As before, but obverse uniface (Unique?)

R3

1375

G

437

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

Obv. I - Crown DEI above

Common reverse 4

Obv. J - Coronet Plain above

Obv. K - Coronet DEI above

C.W

Obv. L - Wreath DEI above

438

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 3089

1863

R

1376

Leg ―

By Wiener and Taylor, 1863 Small crowned bust draped, left, with ornamental border. 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 4 - Square-topped shield, crowned, in tressure over cross. Edge, plain ↑↑ · HALF · ß · FLO · ß · RIN · ß · 1863 · ß In gold ↑↑ (2 known) wt. 9.13g & 7.82g

R7

1376a

Similar, but Coroneted head with C.W on truncation 6 - VICTORIA REGINA 4 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ wt. 9.2g

R

1377

R7

1377a

I Obv Leg Rev

3090



3091

1863

3092



J Obv Leg Rev ―

3093 3094 3095

1863 — —

J ― ―

In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ In silver. Edge, milled ↑↑ In copper. Edge, milled ↑↑

R R2 R4

1378

3096

1863

1380

— — —

Similar with coroneted head, but 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 4 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ In silver. Edge, milled ↑↑

R

3097 3098 3099

K Leg Rev ― ― ―

R7 R R3

1380a

3100

1863

1382

— —

Similar, but wreathed head 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 4 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑

R

3101 3102

L Leg Rev ― ―

R7 R

1382a

439

wt. 9.2g

wt. 9.26g

1377A 1378A

1381 1380A

1383

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

Obv. M - Coronet

Obv. N - Wreath

Common reverse 5 3103

1865

M Leg Rev

3104 3105 3106

— — —

― ― ―

Obv. O - Coronet

C.W. Similar, but coroneted head, C.W. on neck 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 5 - Square-topped shield, crowned, in tressure over cross. (Dated 1865) HALF (scroll) ­ (scroll) FLORIN ♣ MDCC ♣ CLXV ♣ wt. 6.73g Edge, plain ↑↑ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ wt. 9.4g In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ In silver. Edge, milled ↑↑ 440

R

1384

R7 R R4

1384A 1385 1385A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 3107

1865

3108 3109 3110

— — —

3111

1865

3112 3113 3114

— — —

N Leg Rev ― ― ―

Similar, but wreathed head, C.W on neck 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 5 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ wt. 9.3g In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ Uniface obverse. Silver gilt

O Leg Rev ― ― ―

Similar, but coroneted head, C.W on neck. 6 - VICTORIA REGINA 5 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ wt. 8.9g In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ In copper. Edge, milled ↑↑

R

1386

R7 R R6

1386A

R

1388

R7 R R

1388A

1387 1387B

1389 1390

C·W

No illustration

Obv. P 3115

No date

3116 3117

― ―

Common reverse 6 P Obv Leg Rev ― ―

Obv. Q

By C. Wiener and W.J. Taylor (undated) Similar, but coroneted head, C.W on neck wt. 6.56g 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 6 - Shield in Garter, crowned. Edge, plain ↑↓ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ wt. 9.1g In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ (Not traced) 441

R

1391

R7 R

1391A 1392

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 3118

No date

3119 3120

― ―

Q Leg Rev ― ―

Obv. R

3121

No date

3122 3123

― ―

3124

No date

3125



Similar, but wreathed head. C.W on neck 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 6 - Shield in Garter crowned, undated In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ wt. 9.3g In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ (Not traced)

Common reverse 6

1393

R7 R

1394 1394A

Obv. S

R Leg Rev ― ―

C·W Similar, but coroneted head. C·W on neck. 6 - VICTORIA REGINA 6 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↑ (Unique?) wt. 9.4g In copper. Edge, plain ↑↑ (Not traced)

S Leg Rev ―

Similar coroneted head and C.W on truncation 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 6 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑ Edge, milled 442

R

R

1395

R7 R

1396

R

1397

R2

1397A

1395A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

Obv. T 3126

No date

Rev. 7

T Leg Rev

Edge

Similar, but wreathed head, C·W on truncation 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 7 - In imitation of engraving, small shield of arms within Garter, crowned, motto on ribbon beneath, scroll ornament in field, the whole on groundwork of horizontal lines Plain ↑↑

R4

1398

No illustrations available Obv. U

Rev. 8

3127

No date

U Leg Rev

3128

No date

V Leg Rev

Obv. V

Similar, but coroneted head. C·W on truncation 6 - VICTORIA REGINA 8 - ONE SHILLING stamped incuse on a broad engine-turned and raised border, large figure 1 also engine-turned in centre, (Not traced) W.J.T. beneath. Edge, plain ↑↑

R4

1399

Similar, but coroneted head CH.W. incuse on truncation 5 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 8 - As last. Edge, plain ↑↑

R4

1400

443

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

Rev. 9

Obv. A4

R6

1401



By W. Wyon and Pistrucci, 1875 As the current fourth young head shillings 4 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA: REG:F:D: 9 - Pistrucci’s St George and dragon Date 1875 in exergue. Edge, plain ↑↑ Edge, milled (Not traced)

R6

1402

A4 Rev ―

As before, but undated. Edge, plain 10 – as before, no beaded border In aluminium ↑↑

R5

1403

R6

1403A

3129

1875

A4 Obv Leg Rev

3130



3131

No date —

3132

Rev. 10

444

wt. 1.50g

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

3133

Obv. W

Rev. 9

Obv. X

Rev. 11

1875

W Obv Leg Rev

3134





By L.C. Wyon, 1875 Coroneted head, left 2 - VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D: 9 - Pistrucci’s St George and dragon Date 1875 in exergue (Not traced) Edge, plain Edge, milled ↑↑

445

R6

1404A

R6

1404

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 3135

1880

X Obv Leg Rev

Obv. Y 3136

No date

R6

By W. Wyon & W.J. Taylor, 1880 As the current young head shillings, date below truncation None 11 - Crowned shield in Garter, as George III last issue shillings, but without the Hanoverian arms in centre. Edge, plain ↑↑

Rev. Y Obv Leg Rev Edge

By L.C. Wyon? undated Coroneted head, left, tied with ribbon VICTORIA QUEEN beaded border JOHNSON MATTHEY & Co HATTON GARDENS around REFINERS at centre Plain, no border. In aluminium

446

R6

1405

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS JUBILEE HEAD

Obv. B1

Rev. 2a - wide date

Obv. B2

Rev. 2b - narrow date

Obv.

B1.

Leg. Rev.

3 2a

Rev.

B2. 2b

First Jubilee head; tall bust, left, draped and veiled, with a small crown perched on top of her head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA: F: D: Square-topped shield within Garter, crowned, date below divided by Garter buckle. No legend. Second Jubilee head; much larger bust As before, but with many subtle differences; smaller date etc 447

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS 3137 3138 3139 3140 3141

B1/2a. Small Jubilee head / Rev. 2a - Wide date 1887 Proof, issued in the sets — 1888 8 over 7 — 1889

Spink 3926 C3 1351 1352 S 3 1353 R 1353A S 2 1354 R

3142 3143 3144 3145 3146 3147

B2/2b. Large Jubilee head / Rev. 2b - Narrow date 1889 Proof — 1890 1891 Proof — 1892

Spink 3927 N 1355 R3 1356 N 1357 N 1358 R5 1359 N 1360

PATTERNS

Obv. B2 3148

1887

Rev. 12 B2 Obv Rev

By L.C. Wyon, 1887 As the usual Jubilee shillings (B2) but; 12 - Date 1887 divided by the crown above the square-topped shield within a slightly different Garter, the value ONE SHILLING below. Edge, milled ↑↑

448

R7

1406

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS PATTERNS 3149

1888

B2 Obv Rev

3150



B2 Rev

3151



B2 Rev

By L.C. Wyon, 1888 As last, but 13 - Square shield, crowned. Within the Garter. ONE SHILLING above in larger lettering than last, date below. (Not traced) Edge, milled Obv. As last 14 - Plain square-topped shield, crowned. ONE SHILLING above and scroll with motto and date below. Edge, milled (Not traced) As the large head shillings 15 - As before but ONE SHILLING in (Not traced) smaller letters

R7

1407

R7

1408

R7

1409

(Uncertain which reign this may have been intended)

This unique (?) and previously unknown undated pattern has all the characteristics of C.H. Wiener and is now in the Royal Mint Collection 3152

Leg.

Undated uniface reverse Similar basic design to the circulating issue; but the value in the centre, is between two branches consisting of roses, shamrocks and thistles tied together at the base with a ribbon, large crown above but, without any date below BRITANNIARUM REX · FID : DEF : ONE SHILLING

449

R7

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS OLD HEAD

Obv. C1

Obv. C2 Normal size lettering

smaller lettering

Small rose

Larger rose

Rev. 3a

Rev. 3b

Leg.

C1. 1

Rev.

3a.

Old head coroneted, left, veiled and draped VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP · Three crowned shields in form of trefoil within the Garter. Small rose, shamrock and thistle in angles, Date below divided by Garter buckle ONE + SHILLING / + · + 18 93 + · +

C2. 3b.

As last, but smaller lettering (Old ESC D) As before, but the rose is significantly larger

Leg. Rev.

450

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS

3153 3154 3155 3156 3157 3158 3159

C1/3a. Old head, large lettering Rev. 3a, with a small rose 1893 Smaller lettering on obv. — Proof, issued in the sets — 1894 Smaller lettering on obv. — 1895 1896

Spink 3940 C 1361 N 1361A N 1362 N 1363 N 1363A R2 1364 R3 1365A

3160 3161 3162 3163 3164 3165 3166

C2/3b. Old head, smaller lettering Rev. 3b, with a larger rose 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901

Spink 3940A N 1364A N 1365 N 1366 N 1367 N 1368 N 1369 N 1370

451

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

SHILLINGS TENPENCE

3167

1867 Obv Leg Rev Leg

By L.C. Wyon, 1867 Coroneted head, left, two long ties hanging down, date below VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D: 1867 Square-topped shield, crowned, W below, All within a wreath of oak leaves ONE FRANC TEN PENCE

452

R3

1476

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES YOUNG HEAD As shillings

First - A1 plus A2 with die №

Rev. 1a

Second – A4 plus A3 with die №

No die number

Obv. A

Third A5 No lock on cheek

With die number

Rev. 1b

O over G

1a - early crown Small letters

die number

Die number 6 double struck 453

1c - late crown Large letters

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES

Small 6

R over V

DRITANNIAR

1848 over 6

5 over 3

8 over 6

8 over 7

9 over 8

Roman I

large 44

Small 44

1878 over 7

1847

Obv. Leg.

A 1. 2 A 2. A 3.

Rev.

1. 2.

First young head, bound with fillet, left. (Old ESC. A1) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D : Second young head; similar, but head in lower relief (Old ESC. A3) Third young head, the Queen’s hair is thinner and in longer waves, no lock on cheek. (Old ESC. A5) Crown above value SIX PENCE between and an olive and oak branch tied with ribbon in a bow, date below (no die number) As 1, but with a die number above the date under the bow YOUNG HEAD

A1/1a. ESC 3168 3169 3170 3171 3172 3173 3174

Date

1838 — 1839 — — 1840 1841

First young head Rev. 1a - Early crown, no die number

(Old ESC. A1)

Spink 3908

Varieties

Proof, with milled edge Proof, with plain edge, in sets1 Proof, with milled edge

wt. 2.83g wt. 2.79g; wt. 2.79g

R

(Old ESC)

N R3 S S R5 R R

1682 1683 1684 1685 1685A 1686 1687

(continued)

454

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES Date

ESC 3175 3176 3177

1842 1843 1844

3178 3179 3180 3181 3182 3183 3184 3185 3186 3187 3188 3189 3190 3191 3192 3193 3194 3195 3196 3197 3198 3199 3200 3201 3202 3203 3204 3205 3206 3207 3208 3209 3210

— 1845 1846 1847 1848 — — 1850 — 1851 1852 1853 — — 1854 1855 — 1855 1856 — 1857 — 1858 — — 1859 — 1860 — 1862 — 1863 1866

Varieties

Large 44 with serifs C over sideways G in VICTORIA Small 44 no serifs & Roman I in date See note

2

8 over 6 8 over 7 3 5 over 3

4

Proof, with milled edge (issued in the sets) Proof, with plain edge 5 over 3 Proof Longer line below PENCE Longer line below PENCE Proof, with milled edge 8 over 6 9 over 8 Small 6 in date Proof

455

wt. 2.82g

R

(Old ESC)

R R S

1688

R2 R S R6 R3 R3 R3 R R2 R R S R2 R? R3 S R2 R3 S S R R R2 R5 R3 S R R R R3 R3 R2 R3

1690A

1689 1690

1691 1692 1692A 1693 1693A 1693B 1695 1695A 1696 1697 1698 1699 1699A 1700 1701 1701A 1701B 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1707A 1708 1708A 1709 1709A 1711 1711A 1712 1716

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES A1/1b. First young head Rev. 1b - Early crown, with die number Date

Max number

(Recorded die numbers)

(Old ESC. A2)

Spink 3909

Varieties etc

R

( Old ESC)

ESC 3211 3212 3213 3214

1864 1865 1866 —

3215 3216 3217 3218 3219 3220 3221 3222 3223

(Old ESC. A3) A2/1b. Second young head (in lower relief) Rev. 1b - Early crown, with die number Spink 3910 (1-15,17-21,23,26) 23 R2 1717 1867 2 Proof with milled edge (2) wt. 2.83g R5 1718 — 24 Proof, with plain edge (24 & 3) wt. 2.78g R5 1718A — (1-10,12-15,17) 17 R2 1719 1868 (1-17,19) 17 R2 1720 1869 7 Proof with milled edge (7) wt. 2.83g R5 1720A — (2-10,12,19) 19 R2 1721 1870 10 Proof with plain edge wt. 2.84g R5 1722 — (1,2,6,7,9-13,15-18,20-29,31,32,34-39,41-43,45-48, 1723 54 R 1871

3224 3225 3226

— — 1872

14 14 74

3227 3228

— 1873

11 124

3229

1874

61

3230

1875

88

3231 3232 3233

1876 1877 1878

29 34 70

3234 3235 3236 3237 3238

— — — 1879 —

41 30 6 24 24

58 32 58 38

(1,3-15,17-20,22-24,27-31,33,34,36-38,40, 41,58) (1,3-19,21-24,32) (1-11,13,15-36,38-49,51,52,54-56,58,59)

8 over 6

50,52,53,54)

Proof with plain edge Proof with milled edge (14)

wt. 2.73g

wt. 2.81g (3-5,8,9,11-29,31-35,37-45,47,48,51-53,55-59,61-63, 67,69,70-74) Proof with milled edge (11) wt. 2.82g (1-6,8-21,24,26,29,31,34-45,47-49,51,52,53,59-63, 65-67,70,73-76,78,79,81,82,85-88,90-93,96,97,106, 115-118,120,121,124) (1-10,12-16,18-29,31-35,37,38,40-42,44,46,48,51-57, 59-61) (1,2,5,7-15,18,19,21-23,27-30-32,33-36,39,46,51-55, 57-59,62,63,65-67,69-75,77,78,84,88) (1,2,5-8,11,12,13,15,18-20,22,23,25,29) (1,2-5,8,11,13,14,16,18,20-22,24,25,27-29,31-35) ( 1,3,4-11,12,16,17,20-22,26-32,34,37-39,40,43,45, 47, 50,51-53,55-59,63,65,70) Proof with milled edge (11) ↑↓ wt. 2.75g-2.81g

Last 8 over 7 D over B in DRITANNIAR (8,9,12,13,14,15,21)

9 over 8 456

S R N ?

1713 1714 1715 1715A

R5 R5 R

1723B

R5 S

1726A

S

1728

S

1729

R2 S S

1730

R5 R4 R3 S R5

1734

1723A 1726

1727

1731 1733

1734A 1735 1736 1736A

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES A2/1a. Second young head (in lower relief) Rev. 1a - Early crown, no die number Date

(Old ESC. A4)

Spink 3911

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

See note 6

R2 R2 R6 R4 S R R R5 R5

1724

ESC 3239 3240 3241 3242 3243 3244 3245 3246 3247

1871 — — 1873 1877 1879 — — —

3248 3249 3250 3251 3252 3253 3254 3255 3256 3257 3258 3259 3260 3261 3262 3263

(Old ESC. A5) A3/1a. Third young head, no lock on cheek. Rev. 1a - Early crown, no die number Spink 3912 R 1737C 1880 Proof, milled edge, with 1839 reverse die wt. 2.86g R5 1738 — Proof, milled edge wt. 2.81g R4 1739 — 1740 S 1881 Proof with milled edge ↑↑ wt. 2.80g-2.83g R4 1741 — Proof with plain edge R5 1742 — R2 1743 1882 1744 S 1883 Proof with plain edge wt. 2.82g R? 1744A — 1745 S 1884 1746 S 1885 Proof with milled edge ↑↓ wt. 2.83g; wt. 2.84g R6 1747 — N 1748 1886 (Not traced) R6 1749 1886 Proof C 1750 1887 Proof with milled edge ↑↓ wt. 2.86g; wt. 2.87g R5 1751 —

1 2 3 4

Proof 122 teeth on rev. No serif to 7 Proof Proof with plain edge struck en medaille ↑↑

1718A 1725 1727A 1732 1737 1737A 1737B

“Collectors could order 1839 proof sets, plus individual coins, until about 1851. After that you had to be a VIP or Royalty to obtain strikings until 1880’s “(Steve Hill) A sixpence dated 1847 was reported as having been found in Norfolk. It was apparently sent to both the Royal Mint and the B.M. who said they could find nothing wrong with it but were not prepared to say it was authentic (Easter Daily Press, 17 July 1973) “Although mentioned by some authors, I have still not traced a coin dated 1849: probably those referred to in Mint records are dated 1848, but struck in 1849.” (P.A.R.) Ron Stafford says that the over struck figure is not typical of the period and might be struck from a broken punch.

457

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES JUBILEE HEAD

Rev. 2

Obv. B

J.E.B. on truncation Obv.

B.

Leg. Rev.

3 2.

B/2. ESC 3264 3265 3266 3267 3268

Date

1887 — — — —

R over V

Rev. 1c

J.E.B. below truncation

Jubilee head; tall bust, left, draped and veiled, with a small crown perched on top of her head, initials J.E.B below truncation VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA: F: D: Square-topped shield within Garter, crowned, date below divided by Garter buckle. No legend. “Withdrawn type” issued in one year only because if gilt would easily pass as half sovereigns Jubilee head (withdrawn type reverse) Rev. 2 - Square-topped shield in Garter Varieties

(Old ESC. B)

Spink 3928

(Old ESC)

R 3

R of Victoria over I R of Victoria over V J.E.B. on truncation Proof, issued in the sets. J.E.B. on truncation Edge, milled wt. 2.83g

C R3 R3 R3 S

1752 1752A 1752C 1752B 1753

(continued)

458

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES B/2. Date

ESC 3269

1887

3270 3271

— — B/1c.

Jubilee head (withdrawn type reverse) Rev. 2 - Square-topped shield in Garter

(Old ESC. B)

Spink 3928

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

Proof, issued in the sets. J.E.B. below truncation Edge, milled wt. 2.84g Matt proof. J.E.B. below truncation (Not traced)

R

1753A

R6 R7

1753B

Garter fills the whole interior of the crown?

10

(Not traced)

Jubilee head Rev. 1c - Late crown, large letters, no die number

1753C

(Old ESC. C)

Spink 3929 C2 1754 R3 1754A R3 1754B R3 1755 R3 1755A N 1756 R6 1756A N 1757 1758 S R4 1758A 1759 S 1760 S R3 1761

3272 3273 3274 3275 3276 3277 3278 3279 3280 3281 3282 3283 3284

1887 — — 1887 — 1888 — 1889 1890 — 1891 1892 1893

5

“In 1863 the post of superintendent of the Coining Department became vacant and the Master, Thomas Graham, promoted his brother John to the position, despite the latter’s inexperience. It was John Graham who introduced the practice of numbering the dies for denominations of sixpence and above (excluding halfcrowns) which passed through the Mint’s Inspection Department. This was a way of enforcing quality control and monitoring the production of the machine operators or ‘press boys’. For a few years all dies of a given annual date and denomination were numbered on strict numerical sequence, but following the death of both Graham brothers during the course of 1869 the system was relaxed somewhat, particularly on the gold coinage (Sommerville, SCMB May 1990, pp. 99-101)” DNW 89, lot 1787

6

“The decade between 1870 and 1880 saw much modernisation of the machinery at Tower Hill. From 1871 modern lever presses began to replace the old Boulton screw presses; by 1883 all old presses had been removed and replaced with 14 lever presses. During this transitional period, one would assume there would have to be a way to distinguish between the coins struck on the different types of press. It may well be that the ‘no die number’ sixpences of 1871, 1877 and 1879 were struck on new lever presses while those produced on the screw presses retained a die number (Sommerville, SCMB May 1990)” (DNW 89, lot 1806)

R over I in VICTORIA & GRATIA R over I over V in VICTORIA & GRATIA Proof struck en medaille ↑↑ wt. 2.81g; wt. 2.96g Matt proof from sand blasted dies wt. 2.86g Proof struck en medaille ↑↑ Proof

wt. 2.81g; wt. 2.84g

(Not traced)

459

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCES OLD HEAD

Obv. C Obv. Leg.

C. 1

Rev.

1c.

Rev. 1c Old head, coroneted, veiled and draped, left (Old ESC. D) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP · SIX / PENCE in wreath, similar to 1a, but larger lettering, late crown, no die number (Old ESC. D)

C/1c. ESC 3285 3286 3287 3288 3289 3290 3291 3292 3293 3294

Date

1893 — 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901

Old head / Rev. 1c

Spink 3941

Varieties

Proof, issued in the sets

460

wt. 2.82g

R

(Old ESC)

N N S S S N N N N C

1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCE PATTERNS No illustration of type E available ESC 3295

Date

1840

Type

E Rev

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

By W. Wyon, 1840 As the current coin, but the rev. is ruled (Not traced) with fine horizontal lines

4

R

1772

R7

1773

R4

1774

Type F ½ sov. die 3296

1841

F Obv Leg Rev

Rev. 1c

By W. Wyon, 1841 Head, left. From the half-sovereign die VICTORIA DEI GRATIA WR 377 As the current sixpence. In gold

Type G

3297

1856

G Obv Leg Rev

By W. Wyon & L.C. Wyon, 1856 As the current coin, struck en medaille ↑↑ VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D : Similar to the current coin but reads HALF / SHILLING in wreath, 1856 wt. 2.74g-2.83g date below, Edge, plain

(continued)

461

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCE PATTERNS ESC 3298

Date

Type

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

1856

H Rev

As before, but rev. reads ½ / SHILLING / 1856 date below (Not traced) Edge, plain

R7

1775

Type I

3299

1869

I Obv Rev

By T. Graham, 1869 7 Young bust, left, no legend GRAHAM in centre, PALLADIUM HYDROGENIUM around, ‘1869‘below Edge, plain. Struck en medaille ↑↑ wt. 2.98g

R6

Type J

3300

1884

J Obv Leg Rev

Unsigned (by J.E. Boehm), 1884 Crowned veiled head, left VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1884 Crowned cruciform shields, with national wt. 2.77g & wt. 2.88g emblems in angles. Edge, milled. Struck en medaille ↑↑

462

R6

1776

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCE PATTERNS

Type K

ESC 3301

Date

1884

Type

K Obv Leg Rev

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

Unsigned (Obv. after L.C. Wyon), 1884 Young bust, left, date below (as on the half-sovereign) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1884 Crowned oval shields cruciform in wt. 2.96g cartouches Edge, milled. Struck en medaille ↑↑

6

R

1776A

Type L

3302

1887

L Obv Leg Rev

By J.E. Boehm & L.C. Wyon, 1887 As the Jubilee coin; J.E.B. below bust VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT : REGINA F : D : As the ordinary withdrawn Jubilee sixpence, but date above divided by the crown, SIX PENCE below. Struck en medaille ↑↑ Edge, milled. wt. 2.67g & wt. 2.78g

463

R7

1777

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCE PATTERNS

Type M

1 ESC 3303

Date

Type

1887

1

M /1

Rev

3304 3305

— —

― ―

3306





3307





3308 3309 3310 3311 3312

— — — — —

― ― ― ― ―

2 (Old ESC)

Varieties

R

By J. Rochelle Thomas for Spink and Son, dated 1887 As their pattern crown (ESC 342a) but beaded borders instead of ornate ones 1 - Crowned arms, within the Garter, with lion and unicorn supporters with value SIX (64 struck) PENCE above and date MDCCCLXXXVII below, and below a spray of thisle, rose and shamrock wt. 2.75g dividing. SPINK & SON 8. Edge, plain ↑↓ In gold. Edge, plain ↑↓ (7 struck) wt. 4.65g In gold. ↑↓ wt. 4.61g WR380 wt. 4.63g Edge, MADE IN BAVARIA (incuse) In copper. (10 struck) wt. 2.57g; 2.60g Edge, MADE IN BAVARIA (incuse) In aluminium. (20 struck) wt. 0.75g- 0.76g Edge, plain ↑↓ In tin. Edge, plain ↑↓ (9 struck) wt. 2.09g In silver. Edge, milled wt. 2.79g In copper. Edge, milled (Not traced) In gold. Edge, milled (8 struck) wt. 2.61g-4.64g In nickel-bronze, en medaille↑↑ 2.74g-2.79g

R

1778

R5 R5

1779

R5

1780

R4

1781

R5 R2 R4 R4 R5

1782

464

1779A

1783 1783A 1784

1784A (continued)

VICTORIA, 1827-1901

SIXPENCE PATTERNS (Old ESC)

ESC 3313

Date

Type

Varieties

R

1887

1

M /2 Rev

Similar, 2 - Without SPINK & SON below date

R

1784B

3314



M2/2 Rev Edge

Similar, but JRT on truncation 2 - Without SPINK & SON below date, Milled. In nickel-bronze.

R?

1784C

3315



M3/2

Similar, but with S&S on truncation wt. 2.82g 2 – Milled edge

R?

1784D

3316



M4/2 Rev Edge

Similar, but S&S removed. 2 - Without SPINK & SON below date, Milled

R?

1784E

7

“Thomas Graham, master of the Mint from 1855 until his death in 1869, was an eminent chemist, renowned for his pioneering work on dialysis and the diffusion of gasses (Graham’s Law). His interest in metallurgy prompted the striking of coins in various metals and establishing their reaction to gasses, including the absorption of hydrogen gas by palladium. According to his calculations this piece is said to contain 900 times its volume in hydrogen” (DNW 89, lot 1800). Uncertain whether this is a Pattern Half Sovereign

8

Some of these coins have MADE IN BAVARIA lightly incuse on the edge. There are also Two reverse dies, with and without SPINK & SON. Are ESC 1783 & 1784d the same coin? For sub-varieties of this series (beyond the remit of this publication) see Peter J. Davis, BRITISH SILVER COINS SINCE 1816, p. 64

465

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

GROATS

Type A

2 slanted

4 over ? Type

A B

2 over 1

8 over 8 sideways

7 over 6

8 over 6

8 over 7

Young head. Edge, milled Similar, but with Jubilee head (Only issued for colonial use) Spink 3913

Date

Type

ESC 3317

1837

A

3318 3319 3320 3321 3322 3323 3324 3325 3326 3327 3328 3329 3330 3331 3332 3333

— 1838 — — — 1839 — — 1840 — — 1841 — 1842 — —

― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ―

Varieties, comments etc.

Proof. Edge plain Obv. die is that of an early threepence Proof. Edge milled ↑↓ Proof. Edge milled (Not traced) Proof. Edge plain (Not traced) Second 8 of date over • (8 on its side) Proof. Edge plain ↑↑ Issued in the sets Proof. Edge plain ↑↓ Small 0 Round O in date 0 over 9 nd

4 of date over? and 2 1 out of line Proof. Edge plain 2 over 1

(Old ESC)

R

1

6

R

1929

R6 C R4 R4 R N S R2 C S R R R3 N R3 R

1929A 1930 1930A 1931 1931A 1932 1933 1933A 1934 1934A 1934B 1935 1935A 1936 1937 1937A

(continued)

466

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

GROATS ESC 3334 3335 3336 3337 3338 3339 3340 3341 3342 3343 3344 3345 3346 3347 3348 3349 3350 3351 3352 3353 3354 3355

Date

Type

1843 — 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 — — 1849 — 1851 1852 1853 — — — 1854 1855 1857 1857 —

A ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ―

3356 3357

1862 —

― ―

3358





Varieties, comments etc.

4 over 5

7 over 8 Second 8 over 6 Second 8 over 7 9 over 8 2 of date slightly slanted Proof, issued in the sets. Edge milled Proof. Edge plain 5 over 3 Proof only. Edge milled Proof only. Edge plain Proof. Edge milled. Late obverse die of threepence muled with normal reverse die Proof. Edge plain 2 Proof. Edge plain. Late obverse die of threepence muled with normal reverse die. Proof. Edge milled

R

(Old ESC)

N R2 S N N R4 N R R S R R R3 R5 R2 R4 R2 C N R5 R5 R6

1938

R5 R5

1955A

R5

1955C

N R4

1956

1938A 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1944A 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1951A 1952 1953 1954 1954A 1955

1955B

ISSUED FOR COLONIAL USE ONLY Type B

3359 3360

1888 —

1

See SCMB 784. December 1983, pp. 307-310 “reason for the existence for this date”

B ―

Proof 467

1956A

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

THREEPENCES YOUNG HEAD

A1

A2

A3

A4

Twin arch crown

1

2

Single arch crown

1a

1b

2

RRITANNIAR

QED 5 over 5

8 over 6 A4

Proof 468

1866

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

THREEPENCES JUBILEE HEAD

B Type Obv.

Rev.

OLD HEAD

Jubilee head

Old head

C

A. A1.

Young head with subtle differences; First bust, young head, high relief, ear fully visible

A2.

First bust variety, slightly older portrait with aquiline nose, top left of ear covered by hair strands

A3.

Second bust, slightly larger, lower relief, the mouth fuller, nose more pronounced, rounded truncation

A4.

Second bust as before, but with reverse ‘1b’ below

A5.

Third bust, older features, mouth closed, hair strands leading from ‘bun’ vary

B.

Jubilee type as before; see note 1

C.

Old head as before; see note 2

1a.

Large wide crown with double arches. Subtle variations; space between cross on crown and tooth border; with obv. A1, 2 & 3

1b.

As before, but tie ribbon further from tooth border, and cross on crown nearer to tooth border; with obv. A3 & 4

2.

Smaller crown with a single arch

469

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

THREEPENCES YOUNG HEAD

ESC 3361 3362 3363 3364 3365 3366 3367 3368 3369 3370 3371 3372 3373 3374 3375 3376 3377 3378 3379 3380 3381

A1/1a. First young head, high relief, ear fully visible Rev. 1a – Space between cross on crown and border (Old ESC. A1) ËNote; these were struck for Colonial use only Spink 3914 Old ESC Old ESC Date Varieties R Date Varieties R ESC 6 2447a 1838 In gold R 2048 S 3382 1838 Ë 1852 Ë Note 3 R4 BRITANNIAB 4 R 3383 5 over 5 R? — — 2049 R 3384 R2 2060 1839 Ë 1853 S 3385 1839 Proof — Proof in sets R2 2050 S 3386 N 2061 1840 Ë 1854 2051 2062 R 3387 R 1841 Ë 1855 2052 S 3388 N 2063 1842 Ë 1856 2053 2064 N 3389 S 1843 Ë 1857 2054 S 3390 N 2065 1844 Ë 1858 BRITANNIA 2055 C 3391 B R2 1845 Large — EGINA B date 3392 8 over 6 R2 — Small date — 3 2056 R 3393 8 over 5 R 1846 — R4 3394 N 2066 1847 Ë 1859 4 2067a R 3395 S 1848 Ë 1860 2057 R 3396 N 2068 1849 1861 2058 1850 Small 50 N N 2058 large 50 — N 2059 1851 5 over 8 R2 — (sic) Error* R6 1551 *Error recorded by P.J. Davis in British Silver Coinage since 1816 (Not traced. M.B.)

3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402

A2/1a. First bust variety, older portrait with aquiline nose Spink 3914A Rev. 1a – Space between cross on crown and border (Old ESC. A2) 2066A 2072 3403 S N 1865 1859 N 2067 3404 N 2073 1860 1866 2068A N 3405 Proof R6 1861 — N 2069 3406 N 2074 1862 1867 2070 S 3407 N 2075 1863 1868 N 2071 3408 RRITANNIAR R3 1864 — 470

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

THREEPENCES

ESC 3409

A3/1a. Second bust, larger, lower relief, mouth fuller, nose more pronounced, rounded truncation Spink 3914B Rev. 1a – Space between cross on crown and border (Old ESC. A3) Old ESC Old ESC Date Varieties R Date Varieties R ESC R 1867

3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418

A4/1b. Second bust as before Rev. 1b – Cross on crown close to border 3419 R6 1875 1866 2074B S 3420 1867 1876 R 3421 1868 1877 2075 R 3422 1869 1878 N 2076 3423 1870 1879 2077 S 3424 1871 — 2078 S 3425 1872 — C 2079 3426 1873 1884 C 2080 1874

ESC 3427 3428 3429 3430

(Old ESC. A5)

Spink 3914C C 2081 C 2082 N 2083 N 2084 N 2085 Proof R4 2086 9 over 6 R? C 2091

A5/1b. Third bust, older features, mouth closed, (Old ESC. A5) hair strands leading from ‘bun’ vary Rev. 1b – Cross on crown close to border Spink 3914D Old ESC Old ESC Date Varieties R Date Varieties R ESC 2087 N 3431 C 2092 1880 1885 1.41g 2088 C 3432 R5 1881 — Proof↑↓ 2089 S 3433 C 2093 1882 1886 2090 C 3434 N 2094 1883 1887 3435 Proof R4 2095 —

JUBILEE HEAD B/1b. 3436 3437 3438 3439

1887 — 1888 1889

Jubilee head Rev. 1b – Cross on crown close to border C2 2096 3440 Note 1 1890 2097 Proof S 3441 1891 2098 Note 1 S 3442 1892 C 2099 3443 1893

471

(Old ESC. B)

Note 1

Spink 3931 C 2100 C 2101 2102 S 2 2103 R

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

THREEPENCES OLD HEAD C/1b. ESC 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449

Date

1893 — 1894 1895 1896 1897

Old head Rev. 1b – Cross on crown close to border Old ESC Varieties R Date ESC C 2104 3450 1898 Proof N 2105 3451 1899 C 2106 3452 — C 2107 3453 1900 C 2108 3454 1901 C 2109

(Old ESC. C)

Spink 3942 Varieties

9 over 8

R

C C R5 C C

Old ESC

2110 2111 2112 2113

PATTERN

3455

1868 Obv Rev

By L.C. Wyon, 1868 As type A, but the head of the Queen is laureate as on the Maltese third-farthing As currency issues

R6

2113A

1

The ordinary threepences of this and subsequently reigns can be distinguished from Maundy coins as they have a somewhat dull surface whereas the Maundy threepences look more like proofs with a highly polished field, the latter tone much more easily, and are often bluish or quite dark. The young head threepences are rather scarcer than marked in really first class condition.

2

It is possible that threepences were struck for Colonial use in 1847; a piece dated 1852 and undoubtedly a Colonial issue was shown to me by Mr. P. Mitchell in February 1990 (P.A.R)

3

The Jubilee type threepence was struck in 1887 for currency, but not until 1888 for inclusion in the Maundy sets. The rare Jubilee type threepence of 1893 differs from the Maundy threepence of that year as the coinage changed to the ‘Old head ‘before Easter.

4

For Colonial use only

472

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

TWOPENCE, THREE HALFPENCE & PENNY (Issued for Colonial use)

TWOPENCE

Spink 3914E ESC 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460

Date

1838 — 1848 1868 1885

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R 2

C

2248

C R6 R6

2249

Last 8 reads S (is this due to a filled die?)* Proof, plain edge, struck en medaille ↑↑ Proof ↑↓

wt. 0.95g *Error recorded by P.J. Davis in British Silver Coinage since 1816, p. 72 (Not traced. M.B.)

THREE HALFPENCE

2 over 2

1843 over? 473

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

TWOPENCE, THREE HALFPENCE & PENNY (Issued for Colonial use) Obv. Rev. ESC 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475

Date

1838 — 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 — — — 1860 1862 — 1870

Young head Value 1½ crowned, date below within two oak branches Spink 3915 Varieties

Proof ↑↓ 8 over 4

wt. 0.70g

Proof 43 over 34? Proof Proof Proof or Pattern

R

(Old ESC)

N R3 R? C R2 S S C2 R5 R2 R5 R R R5 R5

2254

PENNY

3476 3477

1868 1878

Proof plain edge, struck en medaille ↑↑ Proof plain edge 474

R6 R3

2254A 2254B 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2259A 2259B 2259C 2260 2261 2261A 2262

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

MAUNDY SETS Type

A

B

C

Young head with standard rev.

Jubilee head with standard reverse 1

Old head with standard reverse

475

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

MAUNDY SETS YOUNG HEAD A. ESC 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510

Date

1838 — — 1839 — 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 — 1854 1855 1856 1857 — 1858 1859 — 1860 1861 — 1862 —

Young head with standard reverse Varieties

Proof In gold

Spink 3916

Brian Robinson page 169

R

Old ESC

1d – 383; 2d – 384; 3d - 385; 4d - 386

N R3 R5 N R N S S N S N R R R S N N R R R2 N S N N R N N R N N N N N

2445

1d – 387; 2d – 388; 3d - 389; 4d - 390 1d – 391; 2d – 392; 3d - 393; 4d - 394 1d – 395; 2d – 396; 3d - 397; 4d - 398

Proof

1d – 399; 2d – 400; 3d - 401; 4d - 402 1d – 403; 2d – 404; 3d - 405; 4d - 406 1d – 407; 2d – 408; 3d - 409; 4d - 410 1d – 411; 2d – 412; 3d - 413; 4d - 414 1d – 415; 2d – 416; 3d - 417; 4d - 418 1d – 419; 2d – 420; 3d - 421; 4d - 422 1d – 423; 2d – 424; 3d - 425; 4d - 426 1d – 427; 2d – 428; 3d - 429; 4d - 430 1d – 431; 2d – 432; 3d – 433; 4d - 434 1d – 435; 2d – 436; 3d - 437; 4d - 438 1d – 439; 2d – 440; 3d - 441; 4d - 442 1d – 443; 2d – 444; 3d - 445; 4d - 446 1d – 447; 2d – 448; 3d - 449; 4d - 450 1d – 451; 2d – 452; 3d - 453; 4d - 454 1d – 455; 2d – 456; 3d - 457; 4d - 458

Proof

1d – 459; 2d – 460; 3d - 461; 4d - 462 1d – 463; 2d – 464; 3d - 465; 4d - 466 1d – 467; 2d – 468; 3d - 469; 4d - 470 1d – 471; 2d – 472; 3d - 473; 4d - 474 1d – 475; 2d – 476; 3d - 477; 4d - 478

2d - Reads; BRITANNIAE EEGINA

2d – 476(i)

1d – 479; 2d – 480; 3d - 481; 4d - 482 1d – 483; 2d – 484; 3d - 485; 4d - 486

2d - Reads; BEITANNIAE

2d – 484(i)

1d – 487; 2d – 488; 3d - 489; 4d - 490 1d – 491; 2d – 492; 3d - 493; 4d - 494 2d – 492(i)

2d – 6 over 1

1d – 495; 2d – 496; 3d – 497; 4d – 498

2d – No colons after D G

2d – 496(i)

2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 1456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2469A 2470 2471 2471A 2472 2473 2473 2473A

(continued)

476

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

MAUNDY SETS Date

ESC 3511

1863

3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 3543 3544

1864 1865 1866 — 1867 — 1868 — — 1869 1870 1871 — 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 — 1879 — 1880 1881 — 1882 — 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887

Varieties

Brian Robinson page 169

R

Old ESC

4d – all with a flaw over 63

1d – 499; 2d – 500; 3d – 501; 4d –502

N

2474

1d – 503; 2d – 504; 3d – 505; 4d – 506

N N N R3 N R3 N R6 R4 N N N R4 N N N N N N N R3 N R3 N N N N R5 N N N N S

2475

1d – 507; 2d – 508; 3d – 509; 4d – 510 1d – 511; 2d – 512; 3d – 513; 4d – 514 2d – 515

2d - Proof

1d – 516; 2d – 517; 3d – 518; 4d – 519 1d – 520; 2d – 521; 3d – 522; 4d – 523

Proof

1d – 524; 2d – 525; 3d – 526; 4d – 527 3d – 526(i)

3d - Reads; RRITANNIAR 1d – 528; 2d – 529; 3d – 530; 4d – 531 Proof 1d – 532 2d – 533; 3d – 534; 4d – 435 1d – 536; 2d – 537; 3d – 538; 4d – 539 1d – 540; 2d – 541; 3d – 542; 4d – 543

Proof

2

1d – 544; 2d – 545; 3d – 546; 4d – 547 1d – 548; 2d – 549; 3d – 550; 4d – 551 1d – 552; 2d – 553; 3d – 554; 4d – 555 1d – 556; 2d – 557; 3d – 558; 4d – 559 1d – 560; 2d – 561; 3d – 562; 4d – 563 1d – 564; 2d – 565; 3d – 566; 4d – 567 1d – 568; 2d – 569; 3d – 570; 4d – 571 1d – 572; 2d – 573; 3d – 574; 4d – 575

Proof

1d – 576; 2d – 577; 3d – 578; 4d – 579 1d – 580; 2d – 581; 3d – 582; 4d – 583

Proof 1d – 584; 2d – 585; 3d – 586; 4d – 587 1d – 588; 2d – 589; 3d – 590; 4d – 591 1d – 592; 2d – 593; 3d – 594; 4d – 595 1d – 596; 2d – 597; 3d – 598; 4d – 599

Proof 1d – 600; 2d – 601; 3d – 602; 4d – 603 1d – 604; 2d – 605; 3d – 606; 4d – 607 1d – 608; 2d – 609; 3d – 610; 4d – 611 1d – 612; 2d – 613; 3d – 614; 4d – 615 1d – 616; 2d – 617; 3d – 618; 4d – 619

477

2476 2477 2477A 2478 2479 2480 2480B 2480A 2481 2482 2483 2484 2485 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2493A 2494 2495 2495 2496 2496A 2497 2498 2499 2500 2501

VICTORIA, 1837-1901

MAUNDY SETS JUBILEE HEAD B. ESC 3545 3546 3547 3548 3549 3550 1

Date

1888 — 1889 1890 1891 1892

Jubilee head with standard reverse1 Varieties

Proof

Spink 3932

Brian Robinson page 176

R

Old ESC

1d – 620; 2d – 621; 3d – 622; 4d – 623

S R3 S S S S

2502

1d – 624; 2d – 625; 3d – 626; 4d – 627 1d – 628; 2d – 629; 3d – 630; 4d – 631 1d – 632; 2d – 633; 3d – 634; 4d – 635 1d – 636; 2d – 637; 3d – 638; 4d – 639 1d – 640; 2d – 641; 3d – 642; 4d – 643

2503 2504 2505 2506 2507

The Jubilee bust was not used on the Maundy money of 1887 as the Maundy ceremony was some weeks prior to the Jubilee

OLD HEAD C. ESC 3551 3552 3553 3554 3555 3556 3557 3558 3559

Date

1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901

Old head with standard reverse Varieties

Spink 3943

Brian Robinson page 177

R

Old ESC

1d – 644; 2d – 645; 3d – 646; 4d – 647

C C C C C C C C C

2508

1d – 648; 2d – 649; 3d – 650; 4d – 651 1d – 652; 2d – 653; 3d – 654; 4d – 655 1d – 656; 2d – 657; 3d – 658; 4d – 659 1d – 660; 2d – 661; 3d – 662; 4d – 663 1d – 664; 2d – 665; 3d – 666; 4d – 667 1d – 668; 2d – 669; 3d – 670; 4d – 671 1d – 672; 2d – 673; 3d – 674; 4d – 675 1d – 676; 2d – 677; 3d – 678; 4d – 679

478

2509 2510 2511 2512 2513 2514 2515 2516

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

CROWNS There was only one issue of coins during this reign, the obverse portrait of the King being engraved by George William De Saulles, as also were the new reverse designs for the halfcrown, florin and shilling. The florin of this reign is notable in that it shows the standing figure of Britannia. It was also during this reign that the practice of using a reducing machine was generally adopted and for this reason it would probably be more correct to refer to the engraver as the designer. (P.A.Rayner, 1949)

De S.

Obv. A

B.P.

Rev. 1

Only the one issue, type and date His bare head facing right, engraver’s initials De S· below EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA : BRITT : OMN : REX FID : DEF : IND : IMP : Pistrucci’s St George and dragon, right, Date 1902 and initials B.P. in exergue DECUS ET TUTAMEN * ANNO REGNI II * In raised letters

Obv. Leg. Rev. Edge

Spink 3978 ESC 3560 3561 3562

Date

1902 — —

Varieties

R

Words on edge in wrong order Proof, matt surface; issued in the sets

C R5 N

L&S

(Old ESC)

361 361A

2

362

Note Rarities of all the following denominations as marked only apply to coins in EF condition – Fair specimens are not uncommon, apart from 1905, but uncirculated pieces are probably rarer than indicated

479

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

CROWNS PATTERNS £1, 10/- or 5/-

London LONDONIA

Numbered in exergue ESC 3563

Date

1902 Obv

Leg

Varieties

L&S

R

By Spink & Son, dated 1902 After the Tower crowns of Charles I Crowned and robed equestrian figure of King to left, upright sword in right hand, ground line below, Anglo-Saxon monogram of London (Londonia) in field behind King, beaded inner circle EDWARD : VII . D : G : BRITT : ET TERRAR : TRANSMARIN : 1902 ·

(Old ESC)

3

R

4

363

R6 R5

5

364

6

365

R5

7

366

‘Edward VII by the Grace of God King of Britain and territories beyond the seas’

Rev Leg

Oval garnished shield, beaded inner circle Q : I : D : S : BRITANNICA · REX · FID : DEF : IND : IMP : (mintmark) Sun

3564 3565

Edge ― ―

Plain Slaney, wt. 36.12g In gold (6 known) W&R 413, wt. 79.98g In silver on a thick flan of double weight to represent a half-pound or ten-shilling piece

3566



In silver on a thicker flan to represent (6 struck) wt. 128.5g a one pound

‘? ? Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India’

(6 struck)

480

wt. circa 75g?

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

HALFCROWNS

De S·

Only one type, as the crown His bare head facing right, initials De S· below EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX Crowned spade-shape shield within the Garter FID: DEF: IND: IMP: · HALF · 19 02 · CROWN · Milled

Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg. Edge

Spink3980 ESC 3567 3568 3569 3570 3571 3572 3573 3574 3575 3576

1 2

Date

1902 — 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910

Varieties 1

See note Proof, matt surface; issued in the sets See note 2

R

(Old ESC)

C N R2 R R2 S R R R S

746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755

Note During World War II, I received in change a very worn halfcrown mule – obv. Edward VII; rev. Victoria old head issue, dated 1901. (P.A. Rayner) Halfcrown’s of 1903, 1904 and 1905 are rare in any condition, particularly the last date (Beware of convincing modern fakes). Other dates are only as rare as marked if in EF state. This rule applies also to later reigns.

481

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

FLORINS Only one type, as illustration

DES·

Obv. Leg. Rev.

His bare head facing right, engraver’s initials DE S· below EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX Britannia1 standing, three-quarters facing, on prow of a ship. Her right hand grasps a trident close below the prongs, her left hand rests on an oval shield, held slightly tilted, and heraldically inscribed with the flag of the Union. On her shoulders she wears a cloak which blows out behind her to her right. Behind, the sea, terminating in the horizon. On the prow of the ship the date, waves below. The legend is separated from the design by two linear half circles which spring from behind the prow of the ship and terminate to left and right of Britannia. (H.A. Greuber) ONE FLORIN TWO SHILLINGS Milled Spink 3981

Leg. Edge ESC 3577 3578 3579 3580 3581 3582 3583 3584 3585 3586 1

Date

1902 — 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910

Varieties

Proof, matt surface; issued in the sets

R

(Old ESC)

C N S R R2 S S R R S

919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928

The figure of Britannia was modelled on the Chancellor of the Exchequer’s second daughter Lady Susan Hicks-Beach

482

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

SHILLINGS Only one type, as illustration

His bare head facing right, engraver’s initials De S· below EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX Crown surmounted by a standing lion, dividing date FID: DEF: IND: IMP: ONE SHILLINGS Milled Spink 3982

Obv. Leg. Rev. Leg. Edge ESC 3587 3588 3589 3590 3591 3592 3593 3594 3595 3596

Date

1902 — 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910

Varieties

Proof, matt surface; issued in the sets

R

(Old ESC)

N N R R R2 N S R S N

1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419

Note Rarities indicated for coins of Edward VII only apply to EF specimens. Worn pieces are Fairly easy to obtain apart from 1904 and 1905, which are probably R even in low grade, and R3 in EF or better condition. Mint state examples of all dates other than 1902 or 1910 are becoming increasingly difficult to find

483

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

SIXPENCES Only one type, as illustration

His bare head facing right, engraver’s initials De S· below EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP: SIX / PENCE in wreath, crown above, date below Milled

Obv. Leg. Rev. Edge

Spink 3983 ESC 3597 3598 3599 3600 3601 3602 3603 3604 3605 3606

Date

1902 — 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910

Varieties

Proof, matt surface; issued in the sets

Rarities etc. as shillings

484

R

(Old ESC)

N N S R S S S R S N

1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

MAUNDY SETS OF THE FOUR COINS Only one type

Obv. Rev.

Type and legend as sixpence Crown above value in the centre, dividing date, between two branches; olive left and oak right, tied together with ribbon in a bow. Plain

Edge

Spink 3985 ESC 3607 3608 3609 3610 3611 3612 3613 3614 3615 3616

Date

1902 — 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910

Varieties

Matt proof

Brian Robinson page 179

R

Old ESC

1d – 680; 2d – 681; 3d - 682; 4d - 683

C N C C C C C C S S

2517

1d – 684; 2d – 685; 3d - 686; 4d - 687 1d – 688; 2d – 689; 3d - 690; 4d - 691 1d – 692; 2d – 693; 3d - 694; 4d - 695 1d – 696; 2d – 697; 3d - 698; 4d - 699 1d – 700; 2d – 701; 3d - 702; 4d - 703 1d – 704; 2d – 705; 3d - 706; 4d - 707 1d – 708; 2d – 709; 3d - 710; 4d - 711 1d – 712; 2d – 713; 3d - 714; 4d - 715 1d – 716; 2d – 717; 3d - 718; 4d - 719

485

2518 2519 2520 2521 2522 2523 2524 2525 2526

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

MAUNDY CURRENCY THREEPENCE There is a subtle change in the style of the figure 3 on the reverse from 1904 onwards

Obvious difference

Compare the size and shape of the bulbous end of the figure 3

Maundy Obv. Rev. ESC 3617 3618 3619 3620 3621 3622 3623 3624 3625 3626

As the florins As the threepence in the Maundy set Date

1902 — 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910

Varieties

Matt proof

Non Maundy

Spink 3984 R

Old ESC

N N S S S S S N S S

2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123

These coins are commoner than marked in worn state, but apart from 1902 and 1910, they are probably at least R in mint state. Note; a slight change in the style of the figure 3 on the reverse from 1904 onwards.

486

GEORGE V 1910-1935 INTRODUCTION The coinage of this reign is usually considered to fall into four distinct issues, the first two being almost identical apart from fineness. The obverse portrait of George V used throughout the reign with small modifications was prepared from plaster casts made by Sir Bertram MacKennal and his initials B.M. appear on the truncation of the bust. The reverse designs for the halfcrown and shilling were modifications of De Saulles’s design for Edward VII, but the sixpence no longer has the words SIX PENCE on the reverse and is a smaller version of the shilling, showing the crown surmounted by a lion crowned. The florin was designed after the style of the 1887 Jubilee issue piece, but was somewhat modified. The designer is not known and it was probably carried out by a staff engraver at the Royal Mint. In 1920, after the First World War, for a few months the price of silver rose above 5/6d per ounce resulting in the metal price of the coinage being greater than its face value with the danger of profiteering. It was, therefore, resolved to debase the silver coinage for the first time since the reign of Edward VI The new second (debased) issue was struck in metal of which 50% was silver and 50% alloy. At first great difficulty was experienced in finding a suitable alloy and the early coins in worn condition soon turned dull, almost a brownish colour. The authorities quickly improved the mixture and later coins do not become so discoloured. This second coinage appears to have been struck from new dies with the king’s bust in lower relief, but the Mint informs us that the same bust was used, but that as the coins were in a different metal the resistance to the dies would be different. This would account for the apparent lower relief. Furthermore the engineers may have varied the striking pressure according to the alloy used and the rate of wear on the dies. Different dies do exist: there are a large number of minor varieties. In 1926 the effigy of the king was slightly modified, the initials of the engraver’s name were moved towards the rear of the truncation and the whole head slightly reduced in size; also a new beaded border was added. This type is often known as the ‘modified effigy’ type or more correctly ‘third coinage’. In 1927 it was decided to change again the reverse types of the silver coins and two innovations occur. Up to this issue no crown had been struck for this reign, but through the efforts of Sir Charles Oman, then President of the Royal Numismatic Society and an M.P. for Oxford, this denomination was included. 487

GEORGE V 1910-1935 INTRODUCTION However, there was so little demand for it that small numbers were struck at Christmas time for people to give as presents in the years 1927-36. The threepenny piece now had a reverse design of three acorns and can therefore be easily distinguished from the Maundy threepence. In 1930 the reverse dies of the Maundy were re-engraved but the design was not changed. All the new reverse types for the fourth coinage were designed by Kruger Gray. The Royal Mint Museum Collection contains many patterns for this and later reigns, most of which are not available to collectors. However, from time to time some come on the market and are therefore included in this publication. In 1935 the first true British commemorative coin was issued to mark the King’s Silver Jubilee. The modernistic St. George reverse was designed by Percy Metcalfe. Twenty-five special Jubilee crowns were struck in gold1 and two thousand five hundred were struck in sterling silver for the public and as the Mint received far more orders than they could supply, they were distributed by ballot2. These pieces had an edge inscription in relief whereas on the normal coins it is incuse. PROOFS Regular proof; design and field with a mirror finish V.I.P. proof; the raised design is frosted3 and the field has a mirror finish Matt proof; the design and field has a matt finish to facilitate photography Proofs usually have plain edges, but not always (See ’Provenances’ for proven specimens of V.I.P proofs)

1 2 3

An extra five were struck for National Collections making a total of 30 1,329 applications for the gold examples The incuse design on a die was treated with a mild acid solution to create the frosted effect

488

GEORGE V, 1910-36

CROWNS

BM

Obv. A

K·G·

Rev. 1

BM

Obv. B Type Leg. Rev.

PM

Rev. 2

A. 1 1.

Bare head, left, B M on truncation (Bertram MacKennal) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX Large crown and date above within wreath ornate with three roses and three thistles breaking the legend. K·G. above lower beading ˜FID˜U˜DEF˜ ˜IND˜U˜IMP˜ // ˜CRO U WN˜ Milled, in debased silver (·500) from now until 1947 (Cu.-Ni)

Leg.

B. 2

Rev.

2.

Head as last GEORGIVS V. D G. BRITT: OMN: REX. F D. IND: IMP: St George and dragon of modernistic style, P M below dragon’s tail (Percy Metcalfe) Incusely inscribed DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO XXV

Leg. Edge

Edge

489

GEORGE V, 1910-36

CROWNS A/1. Date

ESC 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649

1926 1927 — 1928 — — 1929 — 1930 1931 — 1932 — — 1933 — — 1934 — 1936

3650

— B/2.

3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657

Bare head, leg. 1 - DEI GRA Rev. 1 – Crown, date above, within ornate wreath Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof. Uniface reverse Proof only, in sets Matt, sand blasted flan

Spink 4036 L&S

R 1

Obv. MODEL (15,030 struck) (9,034 pieces struck)

Proof V.I.P. Proof (4,994 pieces struck)

Proof (4,847 pieces struck) (4,056 pieces struck)

Proof (2,395 pieces struck)

Proof V.I.P. Proof (7,132 pieces struck)

Proof V.I.P. Proof (Only 932 pieces struck)

Proof Issued during the following reign of (2,473 pieces struck) Edward VIII Proof

7

R N R7 N R5 R6 S R5 S S R6 S R5 R6 N R5 R5 R2 R6 R

50a

R?

50

36 37

(Old ESC)

367 367A 368 368A 368B

38

369 369A

39

370 371

40

371A 372

41 41

372A 372B 373

42

373A 373B 374

43

374A 381 381A

Bare head, leg. 2 - D G Rev. 2 – St George and dragon of modernistic style Spink 4048 (714,769 pieces struck) 375 C3 1935 2 Specimen issued in box N 44 376 — Proof in good silver (·925) 2 R5 45 377 — 377A Proof in silver (·500) R6 — 2 46 378 Proof or pattern (·925) R — Raised lettering on edge (2,500 issued in boxes) Proof or pattern In gold (28 struck, 25 issued) R3 47 379 — Proof Edge error (segments in wrong order) R5 48 380 — DECUS ANNO REGNI ET TUTAMEN· XXV 490

GEORGE V, 1910-36

CROWNS PATTERNS

A.G.WYON.

Obv. C ESC 3658

Rev. 3 L&S

(Old ESC)

Date

Varieties, remarks, etc.

R

C Obv. Leg

By Allen G. Wyon, undated (1910) Bare head, left, A.G.WYON. on truncation GEORGIUS V D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX MDCDX (1910) 3 - A fine conception of St George and the dragon left, filling the whole field. A.G.W. to (10 struck) lower right. Plain edge In gold. Plain edge W&R 420 In silver. Milled edge ↑↑ (10 struck)

R5

1

382

R6 R5

2

383

3

384

R6 R6

4

385

5

386

R6 R7

6

386A

7

386B

Rev. 3659 3660

A.G.W.

― ―

3661 3662

― ―

3663 3664

― —

wt. 25.7g-28.95g (2 known?) wt. 52.37g

In gold. Milled edge In plated copper, matt finish (2 known) Plain edge In copper. Plain edge Lead impression of cancelled dies (obv/rev)

491

GEORGE V, 1910-36

CROWNS PATTERNS

A.G.WYON

Obv. D2 - A.G.WYON ESC 3665

Obv. D1 - No initials

Varieties, remarks, etc.

R

D1 Obv. Leg

By Allen G. Wyon, dated 1910 Larger bare head, left (without initials) GEORGIVS V D: G: BRITANNIARVM OMNIVM REX 4 - Smaller St George and dragon design on a straight ground line, A.G.W. in relief, behind horse’s hind legs. 1910 in exergue. (10 Struck) wt. 32.47g Plain edge In gold. Plain edge (2 known) W&R 422, wt. 55.83g In silver. Milled edge (10 struck) wt. 32.66g In silver. Milled edge. On smaller thinner flan

R5

8

R6

9

― ― ―

wt. 438 grs, 28.38g

3669

Rev. 4

Date

Rev.

3666 3667 3668

A.G.W. AGW



3670

D2

3671 3672 3673 3674 3675

― ― ― ― —

In silver. Milled edge. Matt surface all over (Unique?) wt. 425 grs, 27.54g

As before, but A.G.WYON incuse on truncation In silver. Milled edge (10 Struck) wt. 30.91g -32.28g In gold. Milled edge (2 struck) W&R 423, wt. 56.04g In silver. Plain edge (10 struck) wt. 424 grs, 27.47g In copper, edge? In copper. Plain edge Lead impression of cancelled dies (obv/rev) 492

L&S

(Old ESC)

387

388 390A

R5

12

391

R7

13

391A

R5

10

389

R6

11

390

14

389B

15

389C

389A

R7

16

GEORGE V, 1910-36

CROWNS PATTERNS

BM

Obv. A ESC 3676

Date

1935 Obv. Leg Rev.

Edge

Rev. 5

Varieties, remarks, etc.

R

By B. MacKennal & Kruger Gray A - As current type with B M on truncation GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX 5 - St George with lance piercing dragon; he is mounted on a very finely executed horse, quite unlike that on the current coin; date 1935 in front and value CROWN behind DECUS ET TUTAMEN ANNO REGNI XXV in relief. (3 or 4 known) In silver

R6

L&S

(Old ESC)

49

391B

Note See Wilson & Rasmussen, pp. 481-4 for details of strikings in gold Old ESC 375a is deleted because the edge error is undoubtedly due to collar slippage. 1

Part of a set 5s. to 3d, the Crown and halfcrown dated 1926 the remainder 1927, 1925, 1925 and 1927 respectively. (John Kromas Collection)

2

The mint had many more applications for the raised edge pattern than the 2,500 they had struck. The unlucky applicants were offered a specimen of the ordinary crown in a box; these were carefully struck and are superior to the ordinary coins. There are, however, a few very rare proofs of the incuse edge issue, №. 377, with highly polished field, actually better finished and more mirror-like than patterns.

493

GEORGE V, 1910-36

DOUBLE FLORINS (UNOFFICIAL) By John Pinches for Reginald Huth Usually struck en medaille ↑↑ By A.G. Wyon? Whenever these unofficial coins come on the market they are eagerly sought after. For that reason they are included and numerated in this publication

Rampant dragon for Wales

L&S 1 Both Silver (Ag) & Copper (Cu)

Triskelion for Isle of Man

Phosphor bronze (PB)

Anglesey Copper (AC)

Cornish Copper (CC)

Cadmium (Cd)

Iron (Fe)

Nickel (Ni)

Lead (Pb)

Tin (Sn)

Zinc (Zn)

494

GEORGE V, 1910-36

DOUBLE FLORINS (UNOFFICIAL)

Platinum (Pt) (No illustration) A – Roman Is in date

C– curved 1s in date Obv. Leg.

1.

B – Roman Is in date

5

D – curved 1s in date

Bare-headed bust draped, left, struck in silver unless stated* GEORGIVS · V · DEI · GRATIA

Location of metal type*; (s) above right shoulder; (t) below truncation; (e) on edge Rev.

Crowned cruciform shields of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales (rampant dragon), legs of Man (‘triskeles’) within star in centre, emblems in the angles; rose, thistle, leek and shamrocks.

Rev. leg.

A.

REX · I9



B.

REX · I9



C.

BRI · J9



D.

BRI · J9

Roman I’s in date II · BRI TANI II · BRI

ARVM

DOUBLE

Curved 1’s in date JJ · REX DOUBLE J4 · REX 495

TWELVE

FLORIN FLORIN GROATS

GEORGE V, 1910-36

DOUBLE FLORINS Edges

i ii

(UNOFFICIAL) Plain Incuse name of metal in capitals; SILVER, COPPER or reads SHIPS NAILS CALSHOT CASTLE MAY 1896 (A device fort built by Henry VIII part of his defences of the Solent)

iii

Incuse in capitals ON DEMAND IN LONDON LIVERPOOL OR ANGLESEY (As on the Anglesey Penny tokens of 1787) iv Milled Roman figure I Type 1/A. REX · I9 II · BRI TANI ARVM ESC

Date

3677 3678 3679 3680 3681

1911 — — — —

3682



3683



3684



Stamped incuse* Name of metal

(s) LEAD (s) IRON PHOSPHOR (t) BRONZE ANGLESEY (t) COPPER ANGLESEY (t) COPPER CORNISH (t) COPPER

Edge

Comments

Wt-gm 22.69

402

In silver, thick flan In silver Thick flan

402

Edge SHIPS NAILS etc

R

L&S

Old

i iv i ii i

R2 R2 R6 R5 R6

18

401

19

401

? ? 23

402

iii

R6

24

402

iii

R6

i

R6

ESC

402 25

3685 3686

3687

Type 1/C. 1911

3688 3689

— —

(s) IRON (s) ZINC

Curved 1’s in date REX · J9 JJ · BRI ? 402 i R7 i i

R6 R6

?

402

4 mm thick flan Edge. ON DEMAND .... Silver plated. Edge. ON DEMAND ....

DOUBLE In silver

402

28.51

26.87

18.14

FLORIN

22.61

Edge SHIPS NAILS etc

27.22

DOUBLE FLORIN 20.60 In silver. Struck without a collar 19.35 2.9mm thick flan. Obverse convex (dished bowl effect)

22

27.21 20.10

402

Roman figure I Type 1/B. REX · I9 II · BRI i R2 20 402 1911 (s) IRON ii R5 21 402 —

26.27

5.8mm thick flan

39.91

(Prone to corrosion) (continued)

496

GEORGE V, 1910-36

DOUBLE FLORINS (UNOFFICIAL) ESC

Date

Stamped incuse* Name of metal

Ed

3690

1911

(t) CADMIUM

i

3691 3692 3693 3694

— — — —

(t) NICKEL (e) SILVER (e) COPPER

ge

i ii i ii

R

R6 R6 R7 R6 R6

L&S

Old

ESC

?

Comments

Wt-gm

5.2mm thick flan

38.75

Warning; handle with care, poisonous if ingested! ?

402

?

402

Note: SILVER on edge

In copper (not stated) 3mm thick flan

22.70 16.55 22.56

Note: COPPER on edge

3695 3696 3697 3698

Type 1/D. 1914 — — —

Curved 1’s in date REX · J9 J4 · BRI i R6 26 403 ? 402 i R7

TWELVE GROATS 22.69 In silver. Thick flan 20.60 In silver. Struck without a collar

(se) NICKEL (s) ZINC

i i

R6 R6

27

403

22

402

Piedfort

PLATINUM

i iv iv

R6 R2 R2

28

404

(Prone to corrosion) (Not traced)

29

405

30

406

3699 3700 3701

— —

3702 3703 3704

— — —

(s) TIN (s) LEAD (e) COPPER

i i ii

R7 R7 R4

3705



(e) SILVER

ii

R7

?

403

In silver. Milled edge In gold Milled edge 5mm thick flan 4.5mm thick flan 3mm thick flan Note: COPPER on edge Note: SILVER on edge

36.16

22.59 22.55

36.18 43.59 22.49 22.79

3706 3707

(Mule) Type B/D. 1911/1914 —/—

3708

Curved 1’s in date (Traces of under type very evident) Type D . REX · J9 J4 · BRI TWELVE GROATS Muled with Pattern for a Spanish 150 Peseta 1904 In silver. Milled edge iv R4 33? 405 1914

REX · I9 II · BRI REX · J9 J4 · BRI i R5 31 406a i R6 32? 406a

497

DOUBLE FLORIN TWELVE GROATS In silver. Milled edge 22.57 36.12 In silver. Piedfort Milled edge

GEORGE V, 1910-36

HALFCROWNS

B.M.

Obv. A

‘Duck-tail’ milling

Rev. 1

BM

Obv. D

K

G

Rev. 2

Lower half of colon after OMN missing1 Type

A.

Leg. Rev. Leg.

1

First coinage; deeply engraved in Sterling silver (·925 silver) Bare head, left, B.M. nearly central on deep truncation GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX Crowned shield in Garter, date below divided by the buckle • FID: DEF: IND: IMP: • HALF· 19 11 · CROWN

B.

Second coinage; deeply engraved, but in debased silver (·500 fine = 50% silver and 50% alloy) Bare head as before

B1.

Second coinage; re-cut shallow portrait in debased silver (·500 fine) Bare head as before 498

GEORGE V, 1910-36

HALFCROWNS

Rev.

C.

Third coinage. As before, but modified effigy; the initials BM are nearer to the back of a longer truncation (see front) and without stops, beading is more pronounced on both sides

D. 2.

Fourth coinage. Modified bare head as ‘C’ with a new reverse Shield with concave sides (uncrowned), two interlinked Gs crowned either side; beading more pronounced like obverse Initials K - G (George Kruger Gray) below shield (Thistle) FID ˜ DEF U IND ˜ IMP (Shamrock) HALF˜ CROWN ˜ (date)

Leg.

A/1. ESC 3709 3710 3711 3712 3713 3714 3715 3716 3717 3718

Date

1911 — 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 B/1.

3719

1920 B1/1.

3720 3721 3722 3723 3724

1920 — 1921 1922 1923

1st Coinage; Bare head, B.M. nearly central on truncation ·925 ag Rev. 1 - Crowned shield in Garter, date below Spink 4011 Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof

R

(Old ESC)

N S S R S N N N N S

757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766

2nd Coinage; Debased silver (·500 fine). Bare head as before Rev. 1 - Crowned shield in Garter, date below Spink 4021 767 Hollow neck S As before, but in lower relief Rev. 1 - Crowned shield in Garter, date below Specimen with ‘Duck-tail’ milling

Spink 4021A 767A S R5 767B 768 S 769 S 770 S (continued)

499

GEORGE V, 1910-36

HALFCROWNS ESC 3725 3726 3727 3728

Date

1924 — 1925 1926 C/1.

3729 3730 3731

1926 1927 — D/2.

3732 3733 3734 3735 3736 3737 3738 3739 3740 3741 3742 3743 3744 3745 3746 3747 3748 3749 3750 3751 3752 3753

1927 — 1928 — — 1929 — 1930 — 1931 — 1932 — 1933 — 1934 — 1935 — 1936 — —

Varieties, remarks, etc.

Matt proof. Specimen finish

(2 known)

R

(Old ESC)

S R6 S R

771 771A 772 773

3rd Coinage; ‘Modified effigy’ (silver ·500 fine). Bare head as before, BM without stops nearer the back of longer truncation Rev. 1 - Crowned shield in Garter, date below Spink 4032 774 S See note 2 N 775 Proof in gold (4 struck) weights vary between 17.44-19.89g R6 775A 3 See matching gold florin 1922 4th Coinage; as ‘C’ with ‘New type rev.’ (silver ·500 fine) Spink 4037 Rev. 2 - Uncrowned shield with concave sides Proof only 4 N 776 Matt proof R7 776A N 777 777A Proof R 6 777B In bronze (flan officially cut, see below) wt. 9.63g R N 778 778A Proof R 2 779 R 2 779A Proof R 780 S 780A Proof R 781 S 781A Proof S 782 S 782A Proof R 783 S 783A Proof R N 784 784A Proof R N 785 785A Proof R 785B V.I.P. proof R 500

GEORGE V, 1910-36

HALFCROWNS PATTERN

3754

1926

Leg.

Uniface model of new reverse, dated 1926 Type D Shield with concave sides (uncrowned), two interlinked Gs crowned either side; beading more pronounced like obverse Initials K - G (George Kruger Gray) below shield (Thistle) FID ˜ DEF U IND ˜ IMP (Shamrock) HALF˜ CR OWN ˜ 1926

R4

774A

Bronze trial Officially cut at the Mint

1 2 3 4

‘No colon after OMN’ de-listed - This is not a true variety, but simply caused by a filled die. (See illustration) Although the rarity has been reduced from R to S it is rarer than the 1927 coin; this 2nd coinage piece of 1926 is rarer than the following 3rd coinage piece of the same date See Wilson & Rasmussen, pp. 487-8 for details of other unique strikings in gold See article George V Florins and Halfcrowns in Gold, SNC 1984, pp. 218-9 Many of the following dates were struck as proofs (not all are proven at present)

501

GEORGE V, 1910-36

FLORINS As the halfcrown

B.M. Obv. A

Rev. 1 ‘Duck-tail’ milling

Obv. B Type

A.

Leg. Rev.

1.

Leg.

BM

Rev. 2

First coinage in high relief. Sterling silver (·925 silver) Bare head, left, B.M. nearly central on deep truncation GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: Crowned cruciform shields, star of Garter in centre, sceptre in each angle, date below ONE FLORIN - 19 11 -

B.

Second coinage; deeply engraved, but in debased silver (·500 fine = 50% silver and 50% alloy) Bare head as before

B1.

Second coinage; recut shallow portrait in debased silver (·500 fine) Bare head as before

C.

Fourth coinage; as before, but modified effigy; the initials BM are nearer to the back of a longer truncation (see front) and without stops, beading is more pronounced on both obv. & rev.

502

GEORGE V, 1910-36

FLORINS Rev. Leg.

ESC 3755 3756 3757 3758 3759 3760 3761 3762 3763 3764

2.

Cruciform shields, G in centre, crowned sceptres in each angle FID ˜ DEF IND ˜ IMP 1927˜ ONE FLORIN

A/1.

1st Coinage; Bare head, B.M. nearly central on truncation ·925 ag Rev. 1 - Crowned cruciform shields with sceptres Spink 4012

Date

1911 — 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 B/1.

3765

1920 B1/1.

3766 3767 3768 3769 3770 3771

1920 — 1921 1922 — —

3772 3773 3774 3775 3776 3777 3778

— — 1923 1924 — 1925 1926

Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof

R

(Old ESC)

N S S S N R2 N S C N

929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938

2nd Coinage; Debased silver (·500 fine). Bare head as before Rev. 1 - Crowned cruciform shields with sceptres Spink 4022 939 S As before, but in lower relief Rev. 1 - Crowned cruciform shields with sceptres Spink 4022A 939A S 1 ? 939B Specimen with ‘Duck-tail’ milling R C 940 N 941 Proof in 24 ct gold on a thick flan (unique) wt. 25.41g R7 941A Proof in ·875 gold alloyed with 150 silver & 100 copper R6 941B See article SNC 1984 p.218 (2 struck) wt. 19.25g & wt. 17.44g Proof in ·750 gold alloy ag & cu (1 struck) wt. 17.01g

Proof in ·625 gold alloy ag & cu (1 struck?) Matt proof specimen

wt. 14.83g

(2 known)

503

R7 R7 N S R6 S S

941C 941D 942 943 943A 944 945

GEORGE V, 1910-36

FLORINS C/2. ESC 3779 3780 3781 3782 3783 3784 3785 3786 3787 3788 3789 3790 3791 3792 3793 3794 3795 3796 3797 3798

1 2 3

Date

1927 — 1928 — 1929 — 1930 — 1931 — 1932 — 1933 — 1935 — — 1936 — —

4th Coinage; ‘Modified effigy’ (·500 fine). Bare head as before, BM without stops and nearer the back of longer truncation Rev. 2 - Cruciform shields with crowned sceptres Spink 4038 Varieties, remarks, etc.

R

(Old ESC)

Proof Matt Proof

N N N R6 N N N R4 S R6 R R4 S R5 N R4 R6 N R4 R6

947

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof Proof

(Not traced)

Proof

(5 known)

Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. proof

947A 948 948A 949 949A 950 950A 951 951A 952 952A 953 953A 954 954A 954B 955 955A 955B

In addition to the half-crown and florin, once in my collection, other denominations, may have been struck to complete a set. (M.B.) “George V Florins and Halfcrown’s in Gold” by G.P. Dyer, SNC 1984, pp. 218-9 See Wilson & Rasmussen, pp. 487-8 for details of other unique strikings in gold

504

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SHILLINGS

Obv. A

Rev. 1

Obv. C

Rev. 2

K G

505

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SHILLINGS Obv.

A.

First coinage (·925 silver); as half-crown; his bare head, left, B.M. almost central on truncation GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX

1.

Crowned lion standing on a crown dividing date, all within an inner circle FID: DEF: IND: IMP: // ONE SHILLING (colons)

B.

Second coinage; deeply engraved, but in debased silver (·500 fine = 50% silver and 50% alloy) Bare head as before

B1.

Second coinage; bare head as before, but re-cut shallow portrait in debased silver (·500 fine)

C.

Third coinage; ‘Modified effigy’ as other denominations GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX

2.

Similar, but no inner circle, larger crown, lion’s crown and tail to outer beading dividing leg., date in legend, KG above lion’s tail. FID · DEF KG IND · IMP // ˜ ONE · SHILLING · 1927 ˜(stops)

A/1.

1st Coinage (·925 silver); Bare head, left, B.M. on truncation, Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle Spink 4013

Leg. Rev. Leg.

Leg. Rev. Leg.

ESC 3799 3800 3801 3802 3803 3804 3805 3806 3807 3808

Date

1911 — 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 B/1.

3809 3810

1920 1921

Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof

R

(Old ESC)

C S N N N N N N N N

1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429

2nd Coinage, debased silver (·500 fine), deeply engraved Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle Spink 4023 N 1430 1431 King’s nose to S S 506

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SHILLINGS B1/1. ESC 3811 3812 3813 3814 3815 3816 3817 3818 3819 3820 3821 3822 3823 3824 3825 3826

Date

1920 — 1921 — 1922 — — 1923 — 1924 — — 1925 — 1926 —

Specimen with ‘Duck-tailed’ milling King’s nose to SV Proof Proof Proof in gold In nickel

1

(Not traced)

1

In nickel, struck en medaille ↑↑ Specimen with matt finish Proof

(Old ESC)

N R? S

1430

wt. 5.68g (2 known)

S S R6 N R4 R R4 R7 R S

(Not traced)

1431 1432 1432A 1432B 1433 1433A 1434 1434A 1434B 1435 1435A

(Not traced)

Proof

1430A 1431A

(Not traced) (Not traced)

2

R

1436 1436A

1926 1927

1927 — — 1928 — — 1929 — 1930 —

4th Coinage; as ‘C’ with ‘New type rev.’ (silver ·500 fine) Rev. 2 - Lion standing on crown, no inner circle Spink 4039 1439 S 1440 Proof N 7 1440A Matt proof (Not traced) R 1441 N Proof R5 1441A V.I.P. Proof R6 1441B 1442 N Proof (Not traced) R4 1442A 1443 R 1443A Proof R

C/2. 3829 3830 3831 3832 3833 3834 3835 3836 3837 3838

Spink 4023A

Varieties, remarks, etc.

3rd Coinage; ‘Modified effigy’ (silver ·500 fine). Bare head as before, BM without stops, nearer the back of longer truncation Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle Spink 4033 1437 S 1438 S

C/1. 3827 3828

As before, but in lower relief Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle

(continued)

507

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SHILLINGS ESC 3839 3840 3841 3842 3843 3844 3845 3846 3847 3848 3849 3850 3851 3852 3853 3854 3855

Date

Varieties, remarks, etc.

1931 — — 1932 — — 1933 — 1934 — — 1935 — — 1936 — —

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced)

Proof V.I.P. Proof

R

(Old ESC)

S S S N R4 R4 N N N R4 R4 N R4 R5 C R4 R5

1444 1444A 1444B 1445 1445A 1445B 1446 1446A 1447 1447A 1447B 1448 1448A 1448B 1449 1449A 1449B

PATTERNS

Obv. C In nickel 3856

1925

3857



Rev. 3 In nickel

As the fourth coinage, current coin. In nickel but the lion’s tail slightly different style In lead 508

R7

1449A

R7

1449B

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SHILLINGS PATTERNS

Rev. 3 In pure nickel ESC 3858

Date

1926 Obv Rev Leg Edge

1 2

Varieties, remarks, etc.

(Old ESC)

R

By Derwent Wood Uniface reverse, struck to a matt finish MODEL Stylised lion on crown, date 1926 below FID: DEF: IND: IMP: · ONE SHILLING · Milled

R

6

See halfcrown and florin notes. V.I.P. proofs exist for many dates Trial pieces, struck when the introduction of nickel coinage was being considered.

509

GEORGE V, 1910-36 OCTORINO or EIGHTPENCE

EIGHT ESC 3859

PENCE

R

(Old ESC)

R4

1481

Edge ― ― ― ― ― ― ―

By John Pinches for Reginald Huth Bare headed bust left, draped GEORGIVS · V · DEI · GRATIA 1 - Crowned cruciform shields, clockwise in angles, a thistle, leek, shamrock & rose BRI · 19 13 · REX EIGHT PENCE Milled. In silver In nickel In gold W&R 429 In platinum, polished finish In platinum, matt finish In copper In iron (Not traced) In iron. Piedfort

Obv Rev Edge ― ― ―

As before with 2 - reads · OCTO Milled. In silver In gold In copper In lead

1913 Obv Leg Rev Leg — — — — — — —

3867

1913

3868 3869 3870

— — —

RINO

Varieties

Date

3860 3861 3862 3863 3864 3865 3866

OCTO

510

SPK 182

R4 R4 R4 R4 R4 R4 R7

1481A

R3

1482

R4 R4 R?

1482B

1481B 1481C 1481D 1481E 1481F 1481G

RINO · W&R 428 wt. 5.69g

1482A 1482C

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SIXPENCES

Type A – 1st coinage (.925 silver)

1st reverse Thin rim

B.M. central on truncation - thin rim

Type B – 2nd coinage - As type A but in debased silver (.500 fine)

Type C 2nd coinage (.500 fine silver) New beading Broader rim 2nd reverse Broader rim

B.M. central on truncation - broader rim Modified effigy

Type D 2nd reverse

Slightly smaller bust BM nearer the back of neck – broader rim 511

Type E 3rd reverse

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SIXPENCES

1st coinage B.M. almost central

Modified effigy BM nearer back of neck

K G Kruger Gray

Obverse type as previous denominations Obv. Leg.

A.

First coinage (·925 silver); His bare head, left, B.M. on truncation GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX

Rev. Leg.

1.

As shilling; lion on crown dividing date, within inner circle FID: DEF: IND: IMP: // SIXPENCE

B.

Second coinage; deeply engraved, but in debased silver (·500 fine = 50% silver and 50% alloy) Bare head as before

C.

As ‘B’, but new beading and a broader rim

D.

Modified effigy, as other denominations; slightly smaller bust, BM nearer the back of neck, with rev. 1

E.

Similar, modified effigy, with rev. 2

F.

Similar, but closer milling, 140 serrations GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F· D· IND: IMP:

2.

Three oak sprigs with 6 acorns dividing leg. K G in centre ˜ SIX PEN CE ˜ ˜ A ˜ 1936 ˜ D ˜

Leg. Leg.

512

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SIXPENCES A/1. ESC 3871 3872 3873 3874 3875 3876 3877 3878 3879 3880 3881

1st Coinage (·925 silver); Bare head, left, B.M. on truncation, Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle Spink 4014

Date

1911 — 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 B/1.

3882 3883 3884 3885 3886 3887 3888 3889

1920 — 1921 1922 1923 — 1924 —

3890 3891

— —

Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof

wt. 2.81g

R

(Old ESC)

C S N N N N N R N N N

1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805

2nd Coinage; deeply engraved, but in debased silver (·500 fine) Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle Spink 4024 1806 S Specimen with ‘Duck-tailed milling 1 (Not traced) R? 1806A 1807 S 1808 S 1809 R In pure nickel 2 R4 1809A N 1810 Matt Proof or Specimen, edge milled ↑↑ R6 1810A (2 known) wt. 2.84g

Matt Proof or Specimen. In nickel 2 Matt Proof or Specimen. In gold W&R 430 wt. 2.89g

R4 R6

1810B

N

1811

1810C

(3 known, numbered 1, 2 or 3)

3892

1925 C/1.

3893 3894

1925 1926

2nd Coinage, as ‘B’, but with new beading and a broader rim Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle Spink 4025 1812 S 1813 S

513

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SIXPENCES D/1. ESC 3895 3896 3897 3898 3899

3rd Coinage, ‘Modified effigy’ as other denominations Rev. 1 - Lion standing on crown, within circle Spink 4034

Date

1926 1927 ― ― ― E/2.

3900 3901 3902 3903 3904 3905 3906

1928 ― ― 1929 ― 1930 ―

3907 3908 3909 3910 3911 3912 3913 3914 3915 3916 3917 3918 3919 3920 3921 3922

F/2 1931 ― ― 1932 ― ― 1933 ― 1934 ― 1935 ― ― 1936 ― ―

Varieties, remarks, etc.

Proof, in nickel. Edge, milled Proof, in silver. Edge, milled Matt Proof, in silver

wt. 2.93g wt. 2.82g

R

(Old ESC)

S S R6 R6 R6

1814 1815 1815A 1816 1816A

4th Coinage, ‘Modified effigy’ as ‘D’, but with a new reverse Rev. 2 - Three oak sprigs, six acorns, K G in centre Spink 4040 N 1817 Proof R6 1817A 6 1817B Matt proof. Edge, milled wt. 2.81g R N 1818 1818A Proof (Not traced) 1819 R 5 1819A Proof, Edge, milled wt. 2.84g R As ‘E’, but with closer milling Proof. Edge, milled V.I.P. Proof

wt. 2.82g

Proof V.I.P. Proof

wt. 2.84g

Proof. Edge, milled

wt. 2.85g

Proof

wt. 2.83g

Proof. Edge, milled V.I.P. Proof

wt. 2.82g

Proof. Edge, milled V.I.P. Proof

wt. 2.83g

514

Spink 4041 N 1820 R6 1820A R6 1820B 1821 S R6 1821A R6 1821B N 1822 R6 1822A 1823 S R6 1823A N 1824 R5 1824A R5 1824B C 1825 R5 1825C R6 1825D

GEORGE V, 1910-36

SIXPENCES PATTERNS

G

ESC 3923

3924

Date

1925 Obv/ rev 1925 Obv. Rev. Edge

Varieties, remarks, etc.

(Old ESC)

R

By Percy Metcalfe and Kruger Gray As the fourth coinage 1928, but wt. 2.80g In nickel, struck en medaille ↑↑

R

7

1825A

Uniface reverse by Kruger Gray Reads MODEL As before Milled. In silver

R?

1825B

wt. 2.78g

H

3925

1926 Rev

Obv Edge 1 2

Uniface reverse trial by F. Derwent Wood Crowned full-blown rose, dividing small date below 19 26 Legend between inner and outer circle reads FID : DEF ˙ IND : IMP : · SIX · PENCE · Reads MODEL wt. 2.80g Milled. In silver

R7

This is assumed to exist to match the halfcrown and florin Nickel shillings of 1923 and 1924 are trial pieces, struck when the introduction of nickel coinage was being considered. See also pattern, 1925

515

GEORGE V, 1910-36

THREEPENCES

Obv. A & B

Rev. 1

1st bust B.M. central on neck Type

Rev.

Rev. Leg.

Obv. C

G Gray

Rev. 2

Modified effigy BM closer to back of neck

A.

As the previous denominations

B.

Similar, but metal changed to 50% silver and 50% alloy.

C.

Modified effigy, as the sixpence. As the threepence in the Maundy sets except 1920

1.

Large crown with a single arch above value

D.

As the sixpence obv. & rev.

2

Three oak sprigs with 3 acorns dividing leg. G in centre THREE · · PENCE · - 1927 -

516

GEORGE V, 1910-36

THREEPENCES A/1. ESC 3926 3927 3928 3929 3930 3931

Date

1911 — 1912 1913 1914 1915 B/1.

3938 3939 3940

1920 1921 — C.

3945

1926 D/2.

3946 3947

1927 —

3948 3949 3950 3951 3952

1928 1930 — 1931 —

3953 3954

1932 —

1st Coinage, as before (·925 silver), but with a dull finish Rev. 1 - Large crown, single arch, above value Spink 4015 (Old ESC) Var. R (Old ESC) Date Var. R ESC N 2124 3932 C 2130 1916 2125 Proof S 3933 C 2131 1917 2126 N 3934 C 2132 1918 2127 N 3935 C 2123 1919 2128 2123A N 3936 9 over 8 — 2129 N 3937 C 2124 1920 2nd Coinage; as before, but debased silver (·500 fine) Rev. 1 - Large crown, single arch, above value Spink 4026 2137 3941 S N 2135 1922 N 2136 3942 1924 Matt proof R6 2136A 2138 Small 2 3943 R 1925 2139 3944 R 1926 3rd Coinage; ‘Modified effigy’ as other denominations Rev. 1 - Large crown, single arch, above value Spink 40356 2140 S 4th Coinage; ‘Modified effigy’ as ‘C’, but with a new rev. Rev. 2 - Three oak sprigs, three acorns, G in centre Spink 4042 2141 3955 C 2146 Proof S 1933 6 2141A Matt R 3956 Proof R4 2146A — proof 2142 R 3957 C 2147 1934 2143 R 3958 Proof R4 2147A — 4 2143A Proof R 3959 C 2148 1935 2144 C 3960 Proof R4 2148A — 2144A Proof C 3961 V.I.P. R6 2148B — Proof C 2145 3962 C 2149 1936 4 2145A Proof R 3963 Proof R4 2149A — 3964 V.I.P. R4 2149B — Proof

517

GEORGE V, 1910-36

THREEPENCES PATTERNS

First coinage

Rev. 1 Gold

A/1.

ESC

Date

3965 3966

1923 1924

3967



1st Coinage Varieties, remarks, etc.

(Old ESC)

R 6

In pure nickel Specimen matt finish, struck on sand blasted dies

R R6

2149C

(2 known) In gold. W&R 431 - cross scratched in obverse field and a figure 4 scratched above 19 of date on reverse wt. 2.49g

R7

2149E

Modified effigy

2149D

Rev. 2 Nickel

3968 3969

D/2. 1925 —

4th Coinage; ‘Modified effigy’ In nickel In nickel. Matt proof struck on sand blasted dies

518

R6 R6

2149B 2149C

GEORGE V, 1910-36

MAUNDY MONEY SETS Standard design

Type

A.

Obverse as other denominations ·925 silver with standard reverse

B.

Similar, but metal changed to ·500 silver

C.

Modified effigy as other denominations with standard reverse

D.

Similar, but reverse re-engraved

A. ESC 3970 3971 3972 3973 3974 3975 3976 3977 3978 3979 3980

Date

1911 — 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920

·925 silver Varieties

Proof

Spink 4016 Brian Robinson page 179

R

Old ESC

1d – 720; 2d – 721; 3d - 722; 4d - 723

S S S S S S S S S S S

2527

1d – 724; 2d – 725; 3d - 726; 4d - 727 1d – 728; 2d – 729; 3d - 730; 4d - 731 1d – 732; 2d – 733; 3d - 734; 4d - 735 1d – 736; 2d – 737; 3d - 738; 4d - 739 1d – 740; 2d – 741; 3d - 742; 4d - 743 1d – 744; 2d – 745; 3d - 746; 4d - 747 1d – 748; 2d – 749; 3d - 750; 4d - 751 1d – 752; 2d – 753; 3d - 754; 4d - 755 1d – 756; 2d – 757; 3d - 758; 4d - 759 1d – 760; 2d – 761; 3d - 762; 4d - 763

519

2528 2529 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537

GEORGE V, 1910-36

MAUNDY MONEY SETS B. Date

Debased silver, ·500 fine Varieties

Spink 4027

Brian Robinson page 179

R

Old ESC

1d – 764; 2d – 765; 3d - 766; 4d - 767

S S S S S S S

2538

ESC 3981 3982 3983 3984 3985 3986 3987

1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 C. 1928 1929

Modified effigy, silver ·500 fine

3988 3989 3990 3991 3992 3993 3994 3995 3996 3997

D. 1930 1931 — 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936

Modified effigy, silver ·500 fine / re-engraved reverse Spink 4043 1d – 800; 2d – 801 3d - 802; 4d - 803 2547 S 1d – 804; 2d – 805 3d - 806; 4d - 807 2548 S 2548A Uniface obverse 1d – 804(i) S 1d – 808; 2d – 809; 3d – 810; 4d - 811 2549 Note 2 S 1d – 812; 2d – 813; 3d - 814; 4d - 815 2550 S 1d – 816; 2d – 817; 3d - 818; 4d - 819 2551 S 3 1d – 820; 2d – 821; 3d 822; 4d 823 2552 Note R 1d – 824; 2d – 825; 3d - 826; 4d - 827 2553 R

1 2 3

1d – 768; 2d – 769; 3d - 770; 4d - 771 1d – 772; 2d – 773; 3d - 774; 4d - 775 1d – 776; 2d – 777; 3d - 778; 4d - 779 1d – 780; 2d – 781; 3d - 782; 4d - 783 1d – 784; 2d – 785; 3d - 786; 4d - 787

Note 1

1d – 788; 2d – 789; 3d - 790; 4d - 791

1d – 792; 2d – 793; 3d - 794; 4d - 795 1d – 796; 2d – 767; 3d - 768; 4d - 769

2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544

Spink 4043 2545 S 2546 S

When the type change took place in 1927/8 the design of the current threepence was altered but the Maundy threepence remained as before; so for the first time the Maundy and current threepences were of different design. Personally distributed by the reigning monarch. In 1932 it was the first time that this had been done for about two hundred and fifty years. In 1936 it was distributed by King Edward VIII but the coins still bore the portrait of George V. The King’s Jubilee Year when most of the bags of Maundy coins were bought up by American visitors. (P.A.R. Old ESC, p. 210)

520

EDWARD VIII 1936   George V died in January of this 1936 and Edward VIII reigned until his abdication in December 1936. New dies were prepared for the reign; these were dated 1937 and coins were struck in fairly large quantities. Almost all the coins were melted down, and only a few examples survived. The ‘commonest’ of these is the 12-sided threepence (dodecagonal), some of which were sent to vendingmachine manufacturers before the abdication, and were not returned when the pieces were recalled: a very few of this denomination found their way into circulation. A number of uniface trial pieces were publicly auctioned and I have seen a trial reverse for a florin which was found in circulation in the 1960s. Coins of all denominations exist, except for half sovereigns and Maundy money of Edward VIII, but few are in private hands. The portrait on all these pieces, at the King’s special request, was turned to the spectator’s left, which if precedent had been followed, should have been the other way round. During 1936 a full series of silver pieces was struck with the portrait and name of George V and many numismatists regard these as posthumous coins of George V struck during the reign of Edward VIII. A monograph ‘The proposed coinage of King Edward VIII’ by Graham P. Dyer, Librarian and Curator, Royal Mint, has been published by H.M. Stationery Office, and gives full historical details of the background to the proposed coinage, describing all the patterns, trial pieces etc. which were submitted for consideration. (P.A. Rayner, 1949) In English Silver Coinage (E.S.C) P.A. Rayner restricted mention to the finally accepted coinage, and omitted uniface patterns from his publications, however, for the sake of record, many uniface coins, which have passed through various auctions in recent times, are illustrated and numbered in this edition (M.B)

521

 

EDWARD VIII, Jan.-Dec. 1936

CROWN

HP

K

G Spink 4063

ESC 4000

Date

1937 Obv Leg Rev

4001 4002 4003

Leg. ― ― ―

Varieties

R

By T. Humphrey Paget & G. Kruger Gray wt. 28.10g & 28.21g. Proof en medaille ↑↑ Bare head, left, HP below truncation in relief EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX Crowned shield of arms with lion and unicorn supporters, K G between their hind legs. FID : DEF : h : IND : IMP // CROWN : 1937 · In silver Uniface reverse / MODEL in relief In tin1 Uniface obverse / MODEL in relief In tin1 Uniface reverse / MODEL in relief

R6

R6 R6 R6

HALFCROWN

HP

KG 522

MCM

(Old ESC)

391c

EDWARD VIII, Jan.-Dec. 1936 ESC 4004

Date

(Old ESC)

R 6

R

Edge ―

By T. Humphrey Paget & G. Kruger Gray As before EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX The Royal arms as a Standard flag Crowned E8 monogram each side. K G below. FID : DEF : IND : IMP HALF · CROWN · 1937 · wt. 14.13g Milled. Struck en medaille ↑↑ Uniface obverse / MODEL in relief

R7

Obv Leg Rev Edge

By T. Humphrey Paget, undated Uniface obverse Bust as before, HP in relief below truncation EDWARDVS VIII BY THE GRACE OF GOD In centre MODEL in relief (figure 4 scratched below) Milled By McMillan, undated Uniface obverse Bust as before, MCM in relief below truncation EDWARDVS VIII  DEI  (triangular stops) GRA : BR : OMN : REX (colons) In centre MODEL in relief (figure 7 scratched below) Milled

R?

1937 Obv Leg Rev Leg

4005

Varieties

4006

4007 Obv Leg Rev Edge

523

R7

EDWARD VIII, Jan.-Dec. 1936

FLORIN

Proof ESC 4008

Date

1937 Obv Rev Leg

4009 4010

― ―

Matt proof Varieties

R

By T. Humphrey Paget & G. Kruger Gray wt. 11.34g As crown. Proof struck en medaille↑↑ As the florin of George VI 2, but E below thistle, R below shamrock KG flanking the crowned rose stem : FID : DEF : ¬ : IND : IMP : TWO SHILLINGS 1937 Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies wt. 11.31g Uniface obverse trial piece

R6

R6 R6

SHILLING

K

4011

1937 Obv Rev

Leg 4012



G

By T. Humphrey Paget & G. Kruger Gray wt. 5.66g As crown. Struck en medaille ↑↑ As the Scottish shillings of George VI 3; lion seated facing on crown, holding a sword and sceptre in each paw with K G below, dividing 19 37 and shields of Scotland & Ireland FID : DEF ˙ IND : IMP ONE · SHILLING (Reserved for an English Shilling) (Not traced) 524

R6

R6

(Old ESC)

EDWARD VIII, Jan.-Dec. 1936

SIXPENCE

ESC 4013

4014

Date

1937 Obv Rev Leg —

Varieties

By T. Humphrey Paget & G. Kruger Gray As crown. Struck en medaille ↑↑ wt. 2.81g; wt. 2.82g Six rings of St Edmund intertwined K G below FID · DEF · IND · IMP · 1937 SIXPENCE Uniface obverse as before / MODEL on reverse wt. 2.86g Struck in white metal

R

(Old ESC)

6

R

R7

THREEPENCE

4015

1937 Obv Rev Leg

By T. Humphrey Paget & G. Kruger Gray wt. 1.41g As crown. Struck en medaille ↑↑ Three rings of St Edmund entwined, K G below FID · DEF · IND · IMP · 1937 THREE · PENCE

R6

Note A full set of 13 coins in original case, Five Pound Piece down to Farthing sold to a private buyer in 2010 for £1·35 million. See Mark Rasmussen list 19, 2010, illustrated back cover. 1 2 3

Spink auction 217, lot 864 “According to Giordano the only pair of trial strikes in tin, the obverse being the only trial striking known in this metal, the reverse trial known also in silver” The uniface trial piece referred to in the introduction appears on p. 12, plate C of Graham Dyer’s monograph, and has the ER above the emblems No ‘English’ shilling of Edward VIII was struck. A pattern ‘Scottish’ shilling was offered in May 1992 for £20,000

525

GEORGE VI 1936-1952 A full complement of silver coins was issued in 1937 with new designs. There were two innovations. Shillings were issued concurrently with two reverse designs, one of these bearing the crest of the English and the other the crest of the Scottish version of the Royal Arms. The other change was the issue of a new 12-sided nickel-brass threepenny piece (dodecagonal) in addition to the small silver coin which was retained. This latter piece circulated chiefly in Scotland and the colonies; in fact complete issues of some years were sent overseas, hence their rarity in this country. The coin was not struck for circulation in the U.K. after 1941 and the last date of the denomination to appear was 1944. A revolutionary change took place in 1947, when the silver coinage ceased to be issued and was replaced with a coinage in cupro-nickel. The designs were not changed, but the milling on the edge was made much closer. The change of metal was made in order to repay silver borrowed during the war from the United States. The Maundy coins were again struck in fine silver. When India became independent in 1947 the King relinquished his title of Emperor (IND : IMP) and these titles were therefore omitted from 1949 onwards. This did not necessitate any major changes in design apart from re-spacing of words, with the exception of the sixpence, where the Royal cipher GRI was modified to GVIR. On the occasion of the National Exhibition in 1951 known as the Festival of Britain, a commemorative crown in cupro-nickel was struck. This year also marked the quarter centenary of the issue of the first silver crown by Edward VI in 1551. The dies for the reverse of this 1951 crown, which shows Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon, were made from a punch manufactured for a crown of 1899, the date being added by hand. Over two million of these coins were struck, all from polished dies, but owing to the comparatively short time in which the Mint had to make them, the finish of the normal coins was not up to what we normally understand as proof standard. A few crowns were struck from specially prepared dies and these pieces have a more highly frosted portrait and a more brilliantly polished field. They have come to be known as ‘VIP’ proofs.

526

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

CROWNS

HP

Obv. A

K

G

Rev. 1

HP

Obv. B Type Obv. Leg.

A. 1 B.

Obv. Leg.

2

Rev.

1.

Leg. Edge

B.P.

Rev. 2

First coinage; Royal arms, debased silver ·500 fine Bare head, left, HP below truncation GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX Festival of Britain commemoration issue, struck in cupro-nickel; Bare head, left, HP below truncation GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX F:D: FIVE SHILLINGS As Edward VIII; Crowned shield of arms with lion and unicorn supporters, initials K G between hind legs, motto on scroll on ground below FID : DEF : h : IND : IMP // CROWN : 1937 · Milled 527

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

CROWNS Rev. Edge

ESC 4020 4021 4022 4023

2.

Pistrucci’s St George and dragon, right, date 1951 in exergue ËMDCCCLI CIVIUM INDUSTRIA FLORET CIVITAS MCMLI (1851 by the industry of its people the state flourishes 1951)

A/1.

1st Coinage; Bare head, left, HP below truncation, leg. 1 Rev. 1 - Royal arms with supporters Spink 4078/9

Date

1937 — — — B/2

4024

1951

4025



4026



4027 4028

— —

4029



1

Varieties, remarks etc.

R

Proof from the sets Proof with more frosting on rev. Matt proof from sand blasted dies

wt. 28.17g

C N R5 R7

L&S

(Old ESC)

392 3

393

5

393A

4

393B

‘Festival of Britain’ issue, bare head as before, in cupro-nickel Rev. 2 - St George and dragon, date in exergue Spink 4111 C2 8 393C Struck for the Festival of Britain Issued in small cardboard box, also issued in the proof sets 393D V.I.P. proof or pattern with design frosted R4 and the field more brilliant – crisper detail and initials B.P. very distinct 393E Matt proof from sand blasted dies giving a R7 matt finish to whole coin wt. 28.16g Struck en medaille ↑↑ 393F Trial. Unfinished dies with heavier lettering R? 393G Trial. R? Polished finish with lettering of finer style 393H Proof. Edge. Plain 1 R4 The rare pieces with plain edge were unintentional strikings on un-edged blanks

528

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

CROWNS TRIAL PATTERN CROWN A/1. ESC 4030

Date

1937 Edge

2

1st Coinage; Bare head, left, HP below truncation, leg. 1 Rev. 1 - Royal arms with supporters Spink 4078/9 Varieties, remarks etc.

7

393I

R

As currency issue, but with a lettered edge from the Maria Theresa Thaler 2 (2 known) wt. 24.87g & 25.55g IUSTITIA ET CLEMENTIA In cupro-nickel. Struck late in 1950-early 1951

Examples of these coins were struck by the Royal Mint in the Forties, struck to experiment how many tons of pressure were required to make a lettered edge coin rather than a milled edge piece, experimental number “120” (tonnage) scratched in obverse field below. (Only 2 known, one in the R.M. Collection) See full article by Steve Hill published in SNC October 1998

K

ESC 4031

(Old ESC)

R

Date

1937

Leg Obv Edge

G

Varieties, remarks etc.

R

Uniface reverse; Shield of arms, with helm crowned and lion over, with three strap-like leaves issuing from each side of helm and emblems rose, shamrock, thistle and leek flower. Initials K G at sides of shield CROWN · 1937 · below Raised rim with MODEL in centre Milled

529

7

R

L&S

6

(Old ESC)

393J

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

DOUBLE FLORINS PATTERNS

ESC 4032

Date

1950 Leg. Rev.

4033 1

Edge ―

Varieties

By T. Humphrey Paget, 1950 Bare head bust, left, HP below truncation GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FID: DEF: // · 1950 · Pistrucci’s St George and dragon within Garter (4 struck)1 Milled. In cupro-nickel Similar, but FOUR SHILLINGS stamped (3 or 4 struck)1 incuse into the milled edge

R 6

R

R5

Mintages revealed by G.P. Dyer at BNS lecture 22/01/2001

530

L&S 7

(Old ESC)

406B

406C

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

HALFCROWNS

Rev. 1 & 1a FID DEF IND IMP Initials K· G below Type Obv. Leg.

A.

Rev.

1.

Leg.

1

Leg.

1

Obv. A - silver (·500 fine) Obv. B & C in cupro-nickel Initials HP below

Rev. 2 FID DEF No initials

First coinage; as crown, struck in debased silver (·500 fine) Bare head, left, HP below truncation. Milled edge GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX First coinage; struck in debased silver (·500 fine) Shield, with concave sides, hanging from hook On each side, two interlinked Gs crowned, initials K· G below FID : DEF IND : IMP HALF CROWN 1937

B.

Second coinage; as type A, but struck in cupro-nickel, with closer milling on edge

1a.

Second coinage; as reverse 1, but struck in cupro-nickel, with closer milling on edge

C.

Third coinage; obverse as type B, struck in cupro-nickel, with ‘New type’ reverse; Similar to reverse 1a, but minus IND IMP, and engraver’s initials ® FID ® ♦ DEF ® HALF CROWN 1949

2. 2

531

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

HALFCROWNS Type

A/1.

ESC 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058

Date

1937 — — 1938 — 1939 — — 1940 — 1941 — 1942 — — 1943 — — — 1944 — 1945 — 1946 — B/1a.

4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064

1946 1947 — — 1948 —

1st Coinage; debased silver (·500 fine), bare head, left, HP below, Rev. 1 – Leg. above shield; FID:DEF IND:IMP Spink 4080 Varieties, remarks etc.

Proof Matt proof, from sand blasted dies

wt. 14.05g

Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof

(Not traced, but English & Scottish shillings known) (Not traced, but Scottish shilling known)

Proof

R

(Old ESC)

N S R7 S R4 S R4 R6 C R4 C R4 C R4 R6 C R4 R7 R6 C R4 C2 R4 C2 R4

786 787 787A 788 788A 789 789A 789B 790 790A 791 791A 792 792A 792B 793 793A 793B 793C 794 794A 795 795A 796 796A

2nd Coinage; in cupro-nickel, closer milling on edge (Old ESC. B) Rev. 1a – Leg. above shield; FID:DEF IND:IMP Spink 4101 (Not traced) R6 796B Proof or pattern N 797 Proof R6 797A V.I.P. Proof R6 797B N 798 Proof R4 798A 532

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

HALFCROWNS Type

C/2.

ESC 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075

Date

1949 — — 1950 — — 1951 — — 1952 —

3rd Coinage; in cupro-nickel, bare head, as before Rev. 2 – Leg. above shield; ®FID® ® DEF ® Varieties, remarks etc.

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies ↑↑ Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies ↑↑ Not issued for general circulation Proof

wt. 14.18g

wt. 14.15g (2 known) (Unique)

(Old ESC. C)

Spink 4106 R

(Old ESC)

N R4 R6 N N R6 N N R5 R7 R7

798A 798A? 798B 798C 798 ? 798D 798E 798 ? 798F 798F

Some coins dated 1942 & 1943 are termed “Specimen strikes” (Colin Adams 797 & 798) these have been carefully struck and handled showing no signs of contact with other coins. They are neither proofs nor patterns but may command a small premium in price

533

GEORGE VI, 1937-52

FLORINS As the halfcrown

Rev. 1 & 1a FID DEF IND IMP Initials K· G below

Obv. A - silver (·500 fine) Obv. B & C in cupro-nickel Initials HP below

Rev. 2 FID DEF No initials

Type Obv. Leg.

A.

Rev.

1.

First coinage; struck in debased silver (·500 fine) Crowned rose between thistle and shamrock with G R below, Engraver’s initials K G on either side of the rose stem : FID : DEF : ? : IND : IMP : // TWO SHILLINGS 1937

B.

Second coinage; as type A, but struck in cupro-nickel, with closer milling on edge

1a.

Second coinage; as reverse 1, but struck in cupro-nickel, with closer milling on edge

C.

Third coinage; obverse as type B, struck in cupro-nickel, with ‘New type’ reverse; Similar to reverse 1a, but minus IND IMP, and engraver’s initials : FID : ? : DEF : // TWO SHILLINGS 1951

1

Leg.

2. Leg.

First coinage; struck in debased silver (·500 fine) Bare head, left, HP below truncation. Milled edge GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX

534

GEORGE VI, 1937-52

FLORINS Type

A/1.

ESC 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100

Date

1937 — — 1938 — 1939 — — 1940 — 1941 — 1942 — — 1943 — — — 1944 — 1945 — 1946 — B/1a.

4101

1946

4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107

1947 — — 1948 — —

1st Coinage; debased silver (·500 fine), bare head, left, HP below, Rev. 1 – Crowned rose, leg. FID:DEF IND:IMP Spink 4081 Varieties

Proof Matt proof, from sand blasted dies ↑↑

wt. 11.26g

Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof Proof Matt Proof

(Not traced, but halfcrown known)

Proof V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but halfcrown known) Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof (Not traced, but English & Scottish shillings known) Proof

(Not traced, but Scottish shilling known)

Proof

R

(Old ESC)

N S R7 S R4 C R4 R6 C R4 C R4 C R4 R4 C R4 R6 R7 C R4 C2 R4 C2 R4

956 957 957A 958 958A 959 959A 959B 960 960A 961 961A 962 962A 962A 963 963A 963B 963B 964 964A 965 965A 966 966A

2nd Coinage; in cupro-nickel, closer milling on edge (Old ESC. B) Rev. 1a – Crowned rose, leg. FID:DEF IND:IMP Spink 4102 R6 966B Proof or Pattern (these were trials in cupro-nickel for the 1947 coinage, struck before 1947 dies were prepared.)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced, but E & S shillings known)

535

N R4 R6 N R4 R6

967 967A 967B 968 968A 968B

GEORGE VI, 1937-52

FLORINS Type

C/2.

ESC 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119

Date

1949 — — 1950 — — 1951 — — — 1952 —

3rd Coinage; in cupro-nickel, bare head, as before Rev. 2 – Crowned rose, leg.®FID® ® DEF ® Varieties

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Matt proof, from sand blasted dies ↑↑

wt. 11.31g

Proof V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but 2/-, E & S shillings known) Matt proof, from sand blasted dies ↑↑ wt. 11.28g Proof (Not traced, but halfcrown & sixpence known) V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but Sixpence known)

536

(Old ESC. C)

Spink 4107 R

(Old ESC)

N R4 R6 N S R6 N R R6 R5 R6 R6

968A 968A 968B 968C 968D 968E 968E

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SHILLINGS One obverse type as the larger denominations

K G

K

G

Rev. 1 – English 1 - silver (·500 fine) 1a – cupro-nickel

Rev. 3 – English Cupro-nickel

Rev. 2 – Scottish 2 - silver (·500 fine) 2a – cupro-nickel

Standard obv. in silver or cupro-nickel 537

Rev. 4 – Scottish 1a – cupro-nickel

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SHILLINGS Standard obverse: Bare head, left, initials HP (T. Humphrey Paget) below truncation, struck in debased silver (·500 fine) or cupro-nickel Type Rev.

A. 1.

Leg.

1

Type Rev.

B. 2.

Leg.

2

Type

C.

Second coinage; Obverse as before, but struck in cupro-nickel, closer milling on edge, with reverse 1a – English type, as before

Type

D.

As type C, with reverse 2a – Scottish type, as before

Type Rev. Leg.

E. 3. 3

Third coinage: as type C, with ‘New type’ English reverse English, as before minus IND : IMP in legend and initials ˜ FID ˜ DEF ˜ // ONE· SHILLING (Punctuation 5 lozenges)

Type Rev. Leg.

F. 4. 4

Third coinage: as type C, with ‘New type’ Scottish reverse Scottish, as before minus IND : IMP in legend and initials · FID · · DEF · // · ONE SHILLING · (Punctuation 6 round stops)

Edge

Standard obverse struck in debased silver with ‘English shilling’ - Large crowned lion standing on a large crown dividing date, initials K G at top divided by lion’s tail ˜ FID ˜ DEF K G IND ˜ IMP ˜ // U˜ ONE· SHILLING ˜U (Punctuation; 6 lozenges & 1 stop after ONE· in value) Standard obverse struck in debased silver with ‘Scottish shilling’ - Small crowned lion sitting on a smaller crown flanked by two Scottish shields; left shield bearing the cross of St Andrew and right shield a thistle. The lion holding a sword in its right paw and a sceptre in left, initials K G below sword hilts, all dividing the date FID : DEF ˙ IND : IMP // ONE· SHILLING (Punctuation; 2 colons & a stop after DEF˙ & ONE· in value)

Milled, die axis ↑↑

538

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SHILLINGS Type

A/1.

ESC

Date

4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 4132 4133 4134 4135

1937 — — 1938 — — 1939 — — 1940 — 1941 — 1942 — —

ENGLISH reverse – Lion standing, struck in •500 silver Spink 4082 Leg. 1 – Reads ˜ FID ˜ DEF K G IND ˜ IMP Varieties

Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

R

(Old ESC)

N S R6 S R4 R6 S R4 R7 C R4 C R4 C R4

1450 1451 1451A 1454 1454A 1454B 1456 1456A 1458 1458A 1460 1460A 1462 1462A 1462B

(Not traced, but halfcrown known)

4136 4137 4138 4139 4140 4141 4142 4143 4144 4145 4146 4147 4148

1

1943 — — — 1944 — — 1945 — 1946 — — 1947

Die axis inverted

Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof

(Not traced)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof or specimen1

(B.M. collection)

C R3 R4 R7 C R4 R6 C2 R4 C2 R4 R6 R6

1464 1464A 1464B 1466 1466A 1466A 1468 1468A 1470 1470A 1470A 1470B

A small number of these shillings were struck in ·500 silver. See B.M. collection.

539

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SHILLINGS Type

B/2.

ESC

Date

4149 4150 4151 4152 4153 4154 4155 4156 4157 4158 4159 4160 4161 4162 4163 4164 4165 4166 4167 4168 4169 4170 4171 4172 4173 4174 4175 4176 4177 4178

1937 — — — 1938 — — 1939 — — 1940 — 1941 — — 1942 — — 1943 — — 1944 — — 1945 — 1946 — — 1947

SCOTTISH reverse – Lion sitting, struck in •500 silver Leg. 2 – Reads FID : DEF ˙ IND : IMP Spink 4083 Varieties

Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Uniface rev. / Obv. reads MODEL Matt Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Matt Proof

(Not traced, but halfcrown known)

Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof or specimen1

(Not traced)

(Eng. 1/- known) (Not traced)

(Not traced, but English known) (Not traced, but English known) (Not traced)

540

R

(Old ESC)

N S R6 R6 S R4 R6 S R4 R7 C R4 C R4 R6 C R4 R4 C R4 R7 C R4 R6 C2 R4 C2 R7 R7 R6

1452 1453 1453A 1453B 1555 1455A 1455B 1457 1457A 1457B 1459 1459A 1461 1461A 1461B 1463 1463A 1465 1465A 1465B 1467 1467A 1467B 1469 1469A 1471 1471A 1471B

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SHILLINGS Type

C/1a.

ESC

Date

4179 4180 4181 4182

1946 1947 ― ―

ENGLISH reverse – Lion standing, struck in cupro-nickel Spink 4103 Leg. 1 – Reads ˜ FID ˜ DEF K G IND ˜ IMP Varieties

Pattern

(Old ESC)

R 2

6

Proof V.I.P. Proof

R N R4 R4

1470A

N R4 R6

1474

1472 1472A 1472B

(Not traced, halfcrown, Scottish shilling and sixpence known)

4183 4184 4185

1948 ― ―

Type

D/2a.

ESC

Date

4186 4187 4188 4189 4190 4191 4192

1946 1947 ― ― 1948 ― ―

Type

E/3.

4193 4194 4195 4196 4197 4198 4199 4200 4201 4202 4203

1949 ― — 1950 ― — 1951 ― — 1952 —

2 3

Proof V.I.P. Proof

1474A 1474B

SCOTTISH reverse – Lion sitting, struck in cupro-nickel Leg. 2 – Reads FID : DEF ˙ IND : IMP Spink 4104 Varieties

Pattern

(Old ESC)

R 2

(Not traced)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

6

R N R4 R4 N R4 R6

1473 1473A 1473A 1475 1475A

ENGLISH ‘New type’ reverse – Lion standing, in cupro-nickel Leg. 3 - Reads ˜ FID ˜ DEF ˜ Spink 4108 N 1475A Proof R4 1475A V.I.P. Proof R6 1475A N 1475C 1475D Proof S Matt Proof R6 1475D N 1475G 1475H Proof (Not traced, halfcrown, florin and sixpence known) R Matt Proof, struck on sand blasted dies R6 1475H 7 1475? Proof 3 (Not traced, but sixpence known) R Matt Proof (Not traced, but sixpence known) R7 1475? These coins were patterns, or trials in cupro-nickel for the 1947 coinage, struck before 1947 dies were prepared Not issued for general circulation

541

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SHILLINGS Type

F/4.

ESC

Date

4204 4205 4206 4207 4208 4209 4210 4211 4212 4213 4214 4215

1949 ― — 1950 ― — — 1951 ― — 1952 —

SCOTTISH ‘New type’ reverse– Lion sitting, in cupro-nickel Leg. 3 - reads ˜ FID ˜ DEF ˜ Spink 4109 Varieties

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof Proof Matt Proof, struck on sand blasted dies Proof 3 (Not traced, but sixpence known) Matt Proof (Not traced, but sixpence known)

R

(Old ESC)

N R4 R6 N S R6 R6 N R R6 R7 R7

1475B 1475B 1475B 1475E 1475F 1475F 1475F 1475I 1475J 1475J 1475? 1475?

PATTERNS

4216

1952

ENGLISH reverse – Lion standing, struck in pure nickel wt. 5.26g: 86.8grains R7

4217

1952

SCOTTISH reverse – Lion sitting, struck in pure nickel (Rumoured to exist but not traced) R7

Coins of George VI are only as rare as marked in uncirculated condition 542

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SIXPENCES

Reverse 1 Initials KG in field FID DEF IND IMP Obv.

Reverse 2 No initials in field FID DEF

One type, as the larger denominations. Edge milled, die axis ↑↑

Type

A.

Rev.

1.

Rev.

Standard obv. in silver or cupro-nickel

First coinage: bare head, left, initials HP below (T. Humphrey Paget). Struck in debased silver (·500 fine) with Crowned GRI dividing date, small initials K·G (Kruger Gray) below, legend above and value below FID · DEF · + · IND · IMP SIXPENCE

B.

Second coinage; as before, but struck in cupro-nickel, closer milling on edge, with reverse 1

C.

Third coinage: as B, in cupro-nickel, closer milling on edge, with ‘New type’ reverses Smaller crown, minus IND · IMP in legend and no initials GVIR crowned dividing date, legend above and value below · FID + DEF · · SIXPENCE ·

2.

543

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SIXPENCES Type

A.

First coinage: Bare head, debased silver (·500 fine) Rev. 1 – leg. reads FID : DEF : IND : IMP Spink 4084

ESC 4218 4219 4220 4221 4222 4223 4224 4225 4226 4227 4228 4229 4230 4231 4232 4233 4234 4235 4236 4237 4238 4239

Date

Varieties

1937 — — 1938 — — 1939 — — 1940 — — 1941 — — 1942 — — 1943 — — —

Proof, milled edge Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

wt. 2.77g wt. 2.84g

Proof, milled edge wt. 2.83g V.I.P. Proof (Not traced but, E & S shillings known) Proof, milled edge wt. 2.82g V.I.P. Proof (Not traced but, 2/6, 2/-, & 1/-E&S known) Proof, milled edge wt. 2.85g V.I.P. Proof (Not traced but, E & S shillings known) Proof, milled edge wt. 2.82g V.I.P. Proof (Not traced but, E & S shillings known) Proof Matt Proof

(Not traced but, halfcrown known)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

R

(Old ESC)

N S R5 S R5 R7 S R5 R6 N R5 R7 C R5 R7 C C C C R5 R5 R5

1826

C R6 R6 C2 R5 C2 R5 R6

1834

1827 1827A 1828 1828A 1828B 1829 1829A 1829B 1830 1830A 1830B 1831 1931A 1931B 1832 1833A 1833B 1833 1833A 1833B 1833C

(Not traced but, 2/6, 2/-, & 1/-E&S known)

4240 4241 4242 4243 4244 4245 4246 4247

1944 — — 1945 — 1946 — —

Proof (Not traced, but English & Scottish shillings known) Matt Proof (Not traced, but English shilling known) Proof

(Not traced)

Proof, milled edge wt. 2.82g V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but English shilling known)

544

1834A 1834B 1835 1835A 1836 1836B 1836B

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SIXPENCES Type

B.

Second coinage: Bare head, in cupro-nickel, closer milling Rev. 1 – leg. reads FID : DEF : IND : IMP Spink 4105

ESC 4248 4249 4250 4251 4252 4253 4254

Date

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

1946 1947 — — 1948 — —

Proof or pattern

R6 S R5 R5 S R5 R6

1836A

Type

C.

4255 4256 4257 4258 4259 4260 4261 4262 4263 4264 4265 4266 4267 4268

1949 — — 1950 — — — 1951 — — — 1952 — —

Proof, milled edge V.I.P. Proof

wt. 2.76g

Proof, milled edge wt. 2.83g V.I.P. Proof (Not traced but, E & S shillings known)

1837 1837A 1837B 1838

Third coinage: Bare head, in cupro-nickel, closer milling on edge Rev. 2 – ‘New type’, leg. reads · FID + DEF · Spink 4110 N 1838A 5 1838A Proof, milled edge wt. 2.85g R 6 V.I.P. Proof, R N 1838B 1 1838C Proof S 5 V.I.P. Proof R Matt proof, from sand blasted dies wt. 2.84g R5 N 1838D 1838E Proof S 5 1838E V.I.P. Proof R 5 1838E Matt proof, from sand blasted dies wt. 2.74g R 1838F R 5 1838G Proof, milled edge wt. 2.81g R 5 1838G V.I.P. Proof R

545

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SIXPENCES PATTERNS

ESC 4269

Date

1937

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

Uniface reverse trial in silver, with a milled edge

5

R

wt. 2.76g

4270

1938

Die trial in aluminium

546

(Unique?)

wt. 3.03g

R7

1827A

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

SIXPENCES PATTERNS

ESC 4271

Date

1949

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R

Uniface reverse trial in cupro-nickel, no initials (6 struck) wt. 2.80g1 with a milled edge

6

R

cf.1453

1

This specimen was sold with a letter from T.H. Paget, dated 20 December 1948, enclosing the coin as a Christmas gift for the recipient’s son (DNW Auction 91, Alfred Bole 203)

4272

(1949)

Cu-Ni Pattern mule; Double obverse

wt. 2.81g

R7

cf.1453

Struck on small thin flans 4273 4274

1949 1950

Milled edge Milled edge

wt. 1.14g wt. 1.45g

Coins of George VI are only as rare as marked in uncirculated condition 547

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

THREEPENCES

HP

K·G Type Leg. Rev.

A

Leg.

As the sixpence GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX Shield of St George on a Tudor rose dividing date, K·G below Struck in ·500 silver FID : DEF : IND : IMP 19 THREE · PENCE 41 Spink 4085

ESC 4275 4276 4277 4278 4279 4280 4281 4282 4283 4284 4285 4286 4287

Date

1937 — — — 1938 — — 1939 — — 1940 —

Varieties

Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

R

(Old ESC)

N S R6 R6 N R6 R6 R R6 R6 N R6 R6

2150 2151A 2151B 2151C 2152 2152A 2152B 2153 2153A 2153B 2154 2154A 2154B

(continued)

548

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

THREEPENCES ESC

Date

4288 4289 4290 4291 4292 4293 4294 4295 4296 4297 4298 4299 4300 4301 4302 4303

1941 — — 1942 — — 1943 — — — 1944 — — 1945 — —

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

N R6 R6 R R6 R6 R R6 R6 R6 R2 R6 R6 R6 R6 R6

2155

Proof V.I.P. Proof Note 1 Proof Matt Proof (Not traced, but halfcrown known) Note 1 Proof (Not traced) V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but sixpence known) Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies (Satin finish) Note 1 Proof (Not traced, but brass threepence known) Matt Proof (Not traced, but English shilling known) Note 2 Proof (Not traced) V.I.P. Proof (Not traced)

2155A 2155B 2156 2156A 2156B 2157 2157A 2157B 2157C 2158 2158A 2158B 2159 2159A 2159B

Ordinary Proofs (design with mirror finish and usually, but not always, plain edges) and V.I.P. proofs (with frosted design) exist for most dates, so numbers are allocated. All are rare. (See ’Provenances’ for proven specimens) 1

Only struck in small quantities, and solely for use in the West Indies.

2

At one time it was thought that this coin did not exist and that all specimens had been melted down. I have seen a genuine coin therefore one or two coins must have escaped destruction. (P.A. Rayner)

In 1937 a twelve-sided aluminium-bronze threepence was struck and issued in large quantities at the same time as the silver threepence; these have been omitted here as they seem to be more applicable to the copper and bronze coinage. 549

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

MAUNDY MONEY

Type Rev. Leg.

A.

Obv. As other coins Normal, struck in debased silver ·500 fine (50% ag and 50% cu) GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F: D : IND : IMP

B.

Similar, but struck in good silver ·925 fine3

C.

As ‘B’, but without IND · IMP

A. Date

ESC 4304 4305 4306

1937 — —

4307 4308 4309 4310 4311 4312 4313 4314 4315

1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946

In debased silver (·500 fine) reads IND : IMP Varieties 1

Note Proof Matt Proof from sand blasted dies

Brian Robinson page 184

R

Old ESC

1d – 828; 2d – 829; 3d - 830; 4d - 831

S R R

2554

R R R R R R R R R

2555

1d – 832; 2d – 833; 3d - 834; 4d - 835 1d – 836; 2d – 837; 3d - 838; 4d - 839 1d – 840; 2d – 841; 3d - 842; 4d - 843 1d – 844; 2d – 845; 3d - 846; 4d - 737

Note

2

1d – 848; 2d – 849; 3d - 850; 4d - 851 1d – 852; 2d – 853; 3d - 854; 4d - 855 1d – 856; 2d – 857; 3d - 858; 4d - 859 1d – 860; 2d – 861; 3d - 862; 4d - 863

2

Note Note 2 Note 2

1d – 864; 2d – 865; 3d - 866; 4d - 867 1d – 868; 2d – 869; 3d - 870; 4d - 871 1d – 872; 2d – 873; 3d - 874; 4d - 875

550

2554A 2554B

2556 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2652 2563

GEORGE VI, 1936-52

MAUNDY MONEY B. Date

ESC 4316 4317

1947 1948

4318 4319 4320 4321

C. 1949 1950 1951 1951

4322 4323

1952 —

As type A, but in fine silver (·925) reads IND : IMP Varieties

Note

2

Brian Robinson page 184

R

Old ESC

1d – 876; 2d – 877; 3d - 878; 4d - 879

R R

2564

R R R R6

2566

R R

2569

1d – 880; 2d – 881; 3d - 882; 4d - 883

2565

As type B, in fine silver, but without IND : IMP 1d – 884; 2d – 885; 3d - 886; 4d - 887 2

Note Note 2 Matt Proof from sand blasted dies Note 4 In copper

1d – 888; 2d – 889; 3d - 890; 4d - 891 1d – 892; 2d – 893; 3d - 894; 4d - 895 1d – 896; 2d – 897; 3d - 898; 4d - 899 1d – 900; 2d – 901; 3d - 902; 4d - 903 1d – 904; 2d – 905; 3d - 906; 4d - 907

2567 2568 2568A

2569A

1

Proofs of the Maundy were included in the 1937 specimen sets, but these cannot be distinguished from the ordinary Maundy coins which are of proof quality. In this reign also the Maundy threepence is of different design to the current silver threepences.

2

Personally distributed by the reigning monarch.

3

When the coinage was changed to cupro-nickel in 1947 it was decided that the Maundy pieces should not be struck in this metal, but should once again be made in good silver.

4

In 1952 it was distributed by Queen Elizabeth II, but the coins were of George VI

The Queen’s Maundy are now the only coins struck regularly in ·925 silver 551

ELIZABETH II 1952Although Her Majesty ascended the throne in February, 1952, following usual practice no coins were issued bearing her portrait until about the time of the coronation in June 1953. Although striking of the new coins began late in 1952, denominations urgently needed were struck bearing the portrait of George VI exactly as his last coinage, and in fact sixpences, threepences, halfpennies and farthings were also struck early in 1953, but still dated 1952. A halfcrown with George VI’s portrait dated 1952 turned up in the north of England in the late 1960s. The only unusual feature of design which occurred on the new silver coinage of Elizabeth II was the equestrian figure for the crown, and this was the first official such representation since the reign of Charles I (apart from the patterns of Edward VII). The obverse, designed by Gilbert Ledward, shows Her Majesty, in uniform, seated on a police horse named Winston. The reverse is also unorthodox in that it bears no legend – the design consists of the national emblems radiating from a central crown, with uncrowned shields of England, Scotland, Ireland and England in saltire. It was designed by D.G. Fuller. Interestingly the edge inscription was in English language – first non-Latin inscription on a British coin since the Commonwealth! The portrait of the Queen chosen for the coinage was by Mrs. Mary Gillick but the Mint found that it did not strike very well owing to its delicate treatment. A number of experiments were carried out late in 1953 in an attempt to sharpen the design and to ensure better wearing characteristics of the obverse. The Queen’s portrait, especially when reduced to the size of the smaller denominations, appeared in very low relief and with insufficient detail. A number of different re-cut obverse dies were used for the later 1953 pieces and then for 1954 onwards: on these the portrait is shown in somewhat higher relief and much finer detail is visible. The reverse design for the halfcrown is reminiscent of that of the pound-sovereign of Elizabeth I, a crowned shield between E R. The florin and sixpence both show different treatments of the national emblems, with the leek of Wales appearing for the first time on a British coin. The traditional, dating from 1937, of striking two types of shilling, one English and one Scottish, was maintained, two coins depicting on the reverse the respective quartering of the royal arms, crowned. In 1954, the Queen declared by proclamation a change in the royal style and titles. It was thought that the title ‘BRITT : OMN :’ (of all the Britons, i.e., overseas possessions) was no longer in keeping with status of the British 552

ELIZABETH II 1952Commonwealth, and the words were accordingly omitted from the legend on coins struck from that year onwards. In 1960, on the occasion of the British Trade Exposition held in New York, the Royal Mint, who had a stand at the exhibition, struck commemorative medals at the site. A special crown was also issued at this time, but as U.K. coin may only be struck in this country, the crowns were struck at the Royal Mint. The pieces destined for sale in New York were struck from polished dies, the finish of the coin being somewhat similar to that of the 1951 Festival piece, though not of such high quality. The polished-die crowns were sold in special plastic cases at the Exhibition. When the Exhibition closed, surplus stocks were returned to the U.K. in bags, and most of the specimens from polished dies now on the market in the U.K. are more or less defaced by bag scratches. As it was thought desirable to make crowns available to collectors here, a limited quantity was struck from ordinary dies; these also are hard to obtain in perfect state, as they were supplied to dealers and banks in bags. The obverse of this crown is the normal coinage portrait of the Queen by Mary Gillick, and the reverse is identical with that of the 1953 crown apart from the date; the edge is milled. The value FIVE SHILLINGS appears below the head. On the death of Sir Winston Churchill in 1965, it was decided to issue a commemorative crown. These coins have been widely criticised due to their poor standard of workmanship, which probably resulted from their having to be produced in very large quantities in as short a time as possible. This crown has the Gillick portrait with the date 1965 below the bust; the reverse shows the head of Churchill by the sculptor Oscar Nemon and the inscription CHURCHILL; the edge is milled. An unusual feature for a modern crown is that no mark of denomination appears. Interestingly Churchill was the first non-Royal personage to appear on a British coin, discounting Oliver Cromwell who refused the Royal title offered him. Note; Proofs and V.I.P. Proofs are numerated for halfcrowns, florins, shillings and sixpences, even though untraced, when a specific denomination is recorded, in anticipation of discovery of the others in the set. The Mint usually struck one or two sets each year for internal reasons and the occasionally one finds its way on to the market. Note; 1966 shillings are found with an inverted reverse. Since they were the last coins to be struck at Tower Hill it is most likely that they were struck unofficially as mementos 553

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

CROWNS

GL Obv. A

Obv. B

Rev. 1

EF

CT

Rev. 1

ON (monogram)

Rev. 2

M·G·

Obv. C

Note Reverse 2 is an illustration of the extremely rare specimen with artist’s initials ON (Oscar Nemon) at 7 o’clock (only 2 known). The standard coinage is similar but minus the initials

554

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

CROWNS All coins struck in cupro-nickel with milled edges (unless stated) (Maundy coins in ·925 silver being the exception) Type Obv.

A.

Coronation issue. In cupro-nickel Queen in uniform seated on her favourite police horse Winston, left, horse standing on a pedestal, small wreath below, royal cipher, EIIR, each side of horse, initials GL (Gilbert Ledward) appear behind near hind hoof ELIZABETH·II·DEI·GRATIA·BRITT OMN·REGINA·FIDEI·DEFENSOR UFIVE SHILLINGSU

1.

Cruciform shields of England, Scotland, England and Ireland with emblems, thistle, rose, shamrock and leek, crown in centre, 1953 below. Initials E.F. (Edgar Fuller) appear below Irish shield and C.T. (Cecil Thomas) appear below English shield ? FAITH AND TRUTH I WILL BEAR UNTO YOU

B.

Issued on the occasion of the British Trade Fair in New York Laureate bust, right, initials M.G. (Mary Gillick) on truncation ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F· D· FIVE SHILLINGS

1.

As ‘1’, but dated 1960

C.

Sir Winston Churchill commemorative issue As ‘B’, but with a new legend; ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F· D· // 1965

2.

Bust of Churchill in ‘Siren Suit’ looking right CHURCHILL Milled

Leg.

Rev.

Edge Obv. Leg.

Obv.

Leg. Edge

TYPES OF PROOFS Standard V.I.P. Matt

(with plain edge unless stated) Design and field with a mirror finish Raised design frosted, field with a mirror finish, sharper detail Design and field with a matt finish from sand blasted dies to facilitate photography 555

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

CROWNS A/1. Date

ESC 4330 4331

1953 —

4332 4333 4334

— — — B/1.

4335 4336

1960 —

4337



4338

— C/2.

4339 4340

1965 —

4341



4342



4343



‘Coronation issue’; Queen on horseback, left Rev. 1 - Four shields in saltire, dated 1953 Edge; ? FAITH AND TRUTH I WILL BEAR UNTO YOU Varieties, remarks etc.

Spink 4136 R

Currency issue (5,962,621 issued in plastic case) Proof issued in sets* and at Maundy ceremony In 1953 and succeeding years (*40,000 sets issued) Proof (part matt) First striking much sharper 1 V.I.P. Proof. Edge, incusely inscribed 2 Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies 2nd issue; Laureate bust, right. Milled edge Rev. 1 - Four shields in saltire, dated 1960 Edge, plain; Unintentional striking without collar Struck from polished dies (not a proof) 3 Struck in fine silver V.I.P. Proof, with sharper detail (in cupro-nickel) ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, commemorative issue Obv. As ‘B’, but with a different legend Rev. 2 - Bust of Churchill in ‘Siren Suit’, right Edge, plain; Unintentional striking without a collar Specimen, struck with a ‘Satin’ finish and underlying brilliance Specimen, struck with a ‘satin’ finish. Initials ON (Oscar Neman) under bust near rim at 7 o’clock

L&S 3

C N

R6 R R7

(Old ESC)

393F 2

393G

3

393H

4

393J

393E

Spink 4143 7 393K N ? R3 S

8

393L

R4

10

393M

Spink 4144 393N C3 3 R 13 ? R5 R7

14

393O 393P?

(2 known) 1 2

3

Struck on a faulty light weight blank Confirmed by Royal Mint as an early striking from proof dies before the issue of proof sets: “Sharper than the Crown normally found in the set, the raised parts are a little more matt” V.I.P. proofs* are known to have been struck from 1953-1963 Because the Mint would almost certainly have struck complete sets each year, and one or two individual specimens appear on the market from time to time, all the denominations are allocated a number. See under ‘Provenances’ for known specimens to date Struck on polished dies for sale at the British Trade Exposition in New York

556

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

CROWNS PATTERNS Type D

GL Obv. A ESC 4344

Date

1953

Rev. 3

Type D

R

L&S

By Gilbert Ledward, 1953 Obv. As the currency coin Rev. 3. - Similar to the currency coin, but in higher relief, the emblems are larger, the date is in larger figures and top of shields decorated Edge ? FAITH AND TRUTH I WILL BEAR UNTO YOU. In cupro-nickel (Unique?)

R

7

6

(Old ESC)

393P

Types E – legend raised & F – legend incuse Type ESC 4345

E Date

E

By Arnold Machin Undated Obv. Draped bust of the Queen, right, wearing a coronet Leg. ELIZABETH · II D · G · REGINA · F · D Rev. a reduced impression of the 1847 ‘Gothic’ Crown, Leg. tueatur unita deus // anno dom mdcccxlvii (1847) Edge. DEI . GRATIA : DEF . REGINA in raised lettering Struck on a flan for the 1966 Irish 10/-, commemorating the Anniversary of the Irish Easter Rising (2 known ) In cupro-nickel 557

R

R7

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

CROWNS Type ESC 4346

F. R

R7

By Arnold Machin Undated Similar to type E, but obverse lettering incuse and edge reading: PATTERN TRIAL CROWN Struck in silver

Proposed Crown size £5 & £25 denominations By Hunt/Foley (Unofficial) A.M. Foley obliged the British Treasury c.1965 to reform the coinage and make a much larger profit for the United Kingdom with his proposals for two crown-size coins; a silver £5 and a gold £25

A.M.F

G Type ESC 4347

4348

K.C.HVNT. Sculp. D

A.M.FOLEY F.

K.C. HUNT.D

4

G. Date

1966



(Old ESC)

R

By Anthony M. Foley & K.C. Hunt, dated 1966 Obv. Conjoined busts of the Queen and Prince Philip, left, engravers initials on both truncations Leg. ™ ELIZABETH II : D : G : REGINA : F : D : + PHILIP DUKE OF EDINBURGH Rev. 4. - Britannia riding in a biga, left, hurling thunderbolts. Legend above and date in exergue GREAT BRITAIN . 1966 Edge. Plain. In ·925 silver, as a £5 proposal (100 struck) In gold, as a £25 proposal 558

2

R

393Q

R6

393R

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

HALFCROWNS

Obv. A Type

A.

Leg.

1

Leg. Punc. Rev.

Obv. B

First coinage; Laureate bust draped, right MG (Mrs Mary Gillick) incuse on truncation ¬ ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT: OMN: REGINA

B. 2

Second coinage; as ‘A’, but BRITT OMN dropped from leg. ¬ ELIZABETH ˜ II ˜ DEI ˜ GRATIA ˜ REGINA Lozenge stops

1.

Square-topped shield crowned between E R. Initials below; left EF (Edgar Fuller) and right CT (Cecil Thomas) ? FID ˜ ˜ DEF ? HALF CROWN 1953

A/1.

First coinage; Laureate bust draped, right, leg. BRITT: OMN: Rev. 1 - Square-topped shield crowned between E R Spink 4137

Leg.

ESC 4349 4350 4351 4352

Rev. 1

Date

1953 — — —

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

Note Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies ↑↑

N S R5 R6

798G

559

wt. 13.75g

798H

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

HALFCROWNS B/1. Date

ESC 4353 4354 4355

1954 — —

4356



Second coinage; As before, but minus BRITT: OMN: Rev. 1 - Square-topped shield crowned between E R Spink 4145 Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

798I

Proof V.I.P. Proof

C R4 R6

(Not traced, but an English & Scottish shilling known)

Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

R6

(Not traced, but a Scottish shilling known)

4357 4358 4359

1955 — —

4360 4361 4362 4363 4364 4365 4366 4367 4368 4369 4370 4371 4372 4373 4374 4375 4376 4377 4378 4379 4380 4381 4382 4383

1956 — — 1957 — — 1958 — — 1959 — 1960 — — — 1961 — — — 1962 — — 1963 —

Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

C R4 R6

798J

C R4 R6 C R4 R6 C2 R4 R6 C2 R4 C2 R4 R6 R C3 S R4 R6 C3 R4 R5 C3 R4

798K

(Not traced, but an English shilling and Maundy set are known)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced, but florin & shillings E&S known)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof

(Not traced)

Proof V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but crown & Scottish 1/- known) Struck in bronze Notes 1,2 Struck on blanks originally prepared for proofs Proof V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but shillings E&S known) Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof

(Not traced)

798L

798M

798N 798Q

798P

798S

798T

(continued)

560

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

HALFCROWNS ESC 4384 4385 4386 4387 4388 4389 4390 4391 4392

1 2

Date

1964 — 1965 — 1966 — 1967 — 1970

Varieties

(Old ESC)

R 3

Proof

(Not traced, but a sixpence known)

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof Proof

(Not traced)

C R4 C3 R4 C3 R4 C3 R4 C3

798U 798V 798W 798X 798Y

The coin listed in previous editions as ‘798Q’; engraver’s initials E.F. omitted, has been deleted because this so-called error is almost certainly due to a filled die. St James Auction 6 lot 444 “struck on a thin flan wt. 9.78g VAS”

561

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

FLORINS

E.F Obv. A Type Obv.

Obv. B

As halfcrown First issue; Laureate bust draped right. MG (Mrs Mary Gillick) incuse on truncation ¬ ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT: OMN: REGINA

B.

Second issue; as ‘A’, but BRITT OMN dropped from leg. ¬ ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA

Leg. Rev.

A double rose in the centre within a circle of radiating thistles, shamrocks and leeks, E·F and C·T beside lowest leek FID: DEF: TWO SHILLINGS 1953

Leg. A/1. Date

1953 — — — B/1.

4397 4398 4399 4400 4401 4402

Rev. 1

A.

Leg.

ESC 4393 4394 4395 4396

C.T

1954 — — 1955 — 1955

First coinage; Laureate bust draped, right, leg. BRITT: OMN: Rev. 1 - Double rose within a circle Spink 4138 Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

N S R6 R5

968F 968G

wt. 11.26g

Second coinage; As before, but minus BRITT: OMN: Rev. 1 - Double rose within a circle Spink 4146 968H C 6 Proof R V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but Eng. & Scot. shillings known) R5 968I C 4 Proof R 5 Matt Proof (Not traced but shillings E & S known) R (continued)

562

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

FLORINS ESC 4403 4404 4405 4406 4407 4408 4409 4410 4411 4412 4413 4414 4415 4416 4417 4418 4419 4420 4421 4422 4423 4424 4425 4426 4427 4428 4429 4430 4431 4432 4433 4434 4435

Date

1956 — — 1957 — — 1958 — — 1959 — 1960 — — 1961 — — 1962 — — 1963 — — 1964 — 1965 — — 1966 — 1967 — 1970

Varieties

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced but 2/-,1/-E&S known)

Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced) (Not traced but a halfcrown known) (Not traced but crown & Scot. shilling known)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof in gold Proof

(Not traced but E & S shillings known) (Not traced but halfcrown known) (Not traced but halfcrown known) (Not traced but halfcrown known) (Trials. 3 known in B.M. Collection)

R

(Old ESC)

C R4 R5 C R4 R5 C R4 R5 C2 R4 C2 R6 R5 C2 R4 R4 C3 R5 R6 C3 R6 R6 C3

968J

C3 R4 R5 C3 R4 C3 R4 S

968S

968K

968L

968M 968N

968O

968P

968Q

968R

(Not traced but a sixpence known)

Proof (Not traced) Nickel-Brass (flan was prepared for Iceland, nickel-brass 2-Kronur ? (1966 halfpenny) Proof

(Not traced)

Proof Proof

(Not traced)

Note; see ‘Introduction’ Proofs not traced are listed when considered a possibility V.I.P. Proofs are listed when a single other denomination is known

563

968T 968U 968V

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

FLORINS PATTERNS 4436

1955 Struck in pure nickel, plain edge. № 5 stamped in obv. field (unique)

TRIAL STRIKINGS OF PATTERN FLORINS UNDATED Five types of trial pieces were produced by the Royal Mint in October 1961 for a Royal Mint advisory committee towards an eventual Decimal Coinage under Sir Francis Meynell and Mr Milner Gray, investigating the most suitable type of lettering for the coinage (Spink Auction 134, lot 465)

4437 4438 4439 4440 4441

As the accepted obverse design but with different lettering fonts, with wording below chin : TRIAL ALB (Albertus) Rev. blank except for the Royal Mint logo. In Cupro-nickel As before, but wording below chin : BAS (Baskerville) Rev. blank except for TRIAL DIE As before, but wording below chin : POL (Poliphilus) As before, ALBERTUS LIGHT As before, ION (Ionic) See more examples under PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE

564

R6 R6 R6 R6 R6

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

SHILLINGS

Obv. A First issue

Obv. B Second issue

Rev. 1 English

Rev. 2 Scottish

Obv.

A.

Leg.

1

First issue; laureate and draped bust, right M.G. (Mary Gillick) incuse on truncation ¬ ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT: OMN: REGINA

Leg.

B. 2

Second issue; as before but, minus BRITT OMN in leg. ¬ ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA ˜ REGINA 565

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

SHILLINGS Rev.

1.

‘English shilling’; crowned shield bearing the three leopards of England dividing date and W G (William Gardner)  FID + DEF  ONE SHILLING

Rev.

2.

‘Scottish shilling’, crowned shield bearing the Scottish lion rampant dividing date and initials W G (William Gardner)

Type

A/1.

ESC 4442 4443 4444 4445

Date

1953 — — —

4446 4447 4448 4449

A/2. 1953 — — —

4450 4451 4452 4453

B/1. 1954 — — —

4454 4455 4456

1955 — —

Leg.

First issue with ‘ENGLISH’ reverse

Spink 4139

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

1475K

Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

N S R6 R6

First issue with ‘SCOTTISH’ reverse Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies (Not traced, but

1475L

Spink 4140 N 1475M N 1475N R6 R6

halfcrown, florin, English shilling and sixpence known)

Second issue with ‘ENGLISH’ reverse Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

Spink 4147 C 1475O R6 R6 R6

(Not traced, but Scottish shilling known)

Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

C R6 R6

1475Q

(continued)

566

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

SHILLINGS Date

ESC 4457 4458 4459 4460 4461 4462 4463 4464 4465 4466 4467 4468 4469 4470 4471 4472 4473 4474 4475 4476 4477 4478 4479 4480 4481 4482 4483 4484

1956 — — 1957 — — 1958 — — 1959 — 1960 — — 1961 — — 1962 — 1963 — 1964 — 1965 — 1966 — 1970

4485 4486 4487 4488

B/2. 1954 — — —

Varieties

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced) (Not traced, but halfcrown known) (Not traced, but Scottish shilling known)

Proof V.I.P. Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof Proof

(Not traced, but halfcrown known) (Not traced, but halfcrown known) (Not traced, but sixpence known)

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof Proof

(Not traced)

Second issue with ‘SCOTTISH’ reverse Proof V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies 567

R

(Old ESC)

C R6 R6 C2 R6 R6 C2 R6 R5 C2 R6 C2 R6 R7 C3 R6 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 R

1475S

1475U

1475W

1475Y 1475A

1475C

1475E 1475G 1475I 1475K 1475M 1475O

Spink 4148 C 1475P R6 R6 R6

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

SHILLINGS ESC 4489 4490 4491 4492 4493 4494 4495 4496 4497 4498 4499 4500 4501 4502 4503 4504 4505 4506 4507 4508 4509 4510 4511 4512 4513 4514 4515 4516 4517 4518 4519 4520

Date

1955 — — — 1956 — — 1957 — — 1958 — — 1959 — 1960 — — 1961 — — 1962 — 1963 — 1964 — 1965 — 1966 — 1970

(continued) (Old ESC) R

Varieties

Proof Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies In pure nickel, plain edge. № 30 stamped in obverse field Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof

(Not traced)

Proof V.I.P. Proof Proof V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced)

(Not traced, but English shilling known)

V.I.P. Proof

(Not traced, but halfcrown known)

Proof

(Not traced, but halfcrown known)

Proof

(Not traced, but sixpence known)

Proof (Not traced) See note in ‘Introduction’ regarding mementoes Proof (Not traced) Proof 568

C R6 R6 R7 C R6 R6 C2 R6 R6 C2 R6 R6 R R6 C2 R6 R6 S R6 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 C3 R6 R

1475R

1475T

1475V

1475X

1475Z 1475B 1475BB 1475D

1475F 1475H 1475J 1475L 1475N 1475P

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

SIXPENCES

Obv. A First coinage Type

Obv. B Second coinage

A.

First coinage: Laureate and draped bust, right, in cupro-nickel MG (Mary Gillick) incuse on truncation ¬ ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT: OMN: REGINA A garland of interlaced rose, thistle, shamrock and leek, the rose at the top between two leaves, the leek on the left, the thistle on the right, the shamrock at the bottom between small shamrock and leaf, EF and CT in lower field FID ·U DEF · SIX PENCE · 1953

B.

Second coinage: As before, but with a change to legend, BRITT OMN omitted ¬ ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA

Leg. Rev.

Leg.

Leg. A. ESC 4521 4522 4523 4524

Rev. 1

Date

1953 — — —

BRITT: OMN: REGINA (cupro-nickel)

Spink 4141

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

1838G

Proof V.I.P. Proof (Not traced, but other denominations known) Matt Proof, from sand blasted dies

N S R5 R6

569

798H

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

SIXPENCES B. ESC 4525 4526 4527 4528 4529 4530 4531 4532 4533 4534 4535 4536 4537 4538 4539 4540 4541 4542 4543 4544 4545 4546 4547 4548 4549 4550 4551 4552 4553 4554 4555 4556 4557 4558

Date

1954 — — — 1955 — — 1956 — 1957 — 1958 — — 1959 — 1960 — 1961 — 1962 — 1963 — 1964 — 1965 — 1966 — 1967 — — 1970

BRITT OMN omitted (cupro-nickel)

Spink 4149

Varieties

R

(Old ESC)

C R5 R6 R6 C R5 R6 C R5 C R5 C2 R5 R6 C2 R5 C2 R5 C2 R5 C2 R5 C2 R5 C3 R5 C3 R5 C3 R5 C3 R5 R5 S

1838I

Proof, milled edge V.I.P. Proof Matt Proof Proof Matt Proof Proof

wt. 2.85g (Not traced, but shillings known)

(Not traced, but Scottish shilling known)

(Not traced, but English shilling, Maundy known) (Not traced, but other denominations known)

Proof, milled edge Proof V.I.P. Proof

wt. 2.81g

(Not traced, but halfcrown known)

Proof, milled edge Proof

wt. 2.70g (Not traced, but halfcrown known)

Proof, milled edge Proof

wt. 2.81g (Not traced, but halfcrown known)

Proof

Proof, milled edge

wt. 2.85g

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof

(Not traced)

Proof Brass Proof

(Not traced)

570

1838J

1838K 1838L 1838M

1838N 1838O 1838P 1838Q 1838R 1838S 1838T 1838U 1838V

1838W

ELIZABETH II, 1952-

MAUNDY MONEY

A Type Obv. Leg. Rev.

A.

B. Leg. Date

B As halfcrown, in ·925 fine silver. Edge, plain Laureate bust draped right ¬ ELIZABETH II DEI GRA BRITT: OMN: REGINA F:D: As established design As before with change to leg., BRITT OMN omitted ¬ ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F:D: Struck to the usual proof standard Spink 4126 Type

Maundy Ceremony Venue

ESC 4559 4560 4561 4562

1953 — — —

A ― ― ―

St Paul’s Cathedral Matt proof, from sand blasted dies In gold Proof struck in nickel bronze

4563 4564 4565 4566 4567 4568 4569 4570 4571 4572 4573 4574 4575 4576 4577 4578 4579 4580

1954 1955 — 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970

B ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ―

Westminster Abbey Southwark Cathedral Matt proof with a milled edge Westminster Abbey St Alban’s Cathedral Westminster Abbey Windsor, St George’s Chapel Westminster Abbey Rochester Cathedral Westminster Abbey Chelmsford Cathedral Westminster Abbey Canterbury Cathedral Westminster Abbey Durham Cathedral Westminster Abbey Selby Abbey Westminster Abbey

2

2570 R R5 R7 R7 Spink 4131 2571 R 2572 R R6 2572 2573 R 2574 R 2575 R 2576 R 2577 R 2578 R 2579 R 2580 R 2581 R 2582 R 2583 R 2584 R 2585 R 2586 R 2587 R

Note; after decimalisation these denominations were re-valued as ‘New’ pence.

571

(Old ESC)

R

A SMALL SELLECTION OF PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE. MANY MORE ARE KNOWN These patterns are for information only P.D.S. 1.

572

A SMALL SELLECTION OF PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE. MANY MORE ARE KNOWN Many of the following groups of trial coins struck in the Winter and Spring of 1962-63 were struck for the “Decimal Currency Committee” which had been appointed in December 1961 to advise on the most convenient and practical form that a decimal currency might take. The Chairman of the Committee was the Rt. Hon. Earl of Halsbury FRS. The Secretary was Mr N.E.A. Moore, who subsequently became secretary of the Decimal Currency Board. The Assistant Secretary was Mr John Rimington. The Trial coins were circulated at the meetings by the Deputy Master of the Mint, Mr J.H. James CB. (Spink 124, lots 2263-2265) P.D.S. 1.

PATTERN DECIMAL SET DATED 1961 Standard obverse: Laureate and draped bust, right Leg Rev Edge

50 Cents, in silver + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F:D: Una and the lion, left 50 CENTS date 1961 in exergue in raised letters PATTERN DECIMAL COINAGE

-------------------------------------------------20 Cents, in cupro-nickel Leg + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA Rev Britannia standing on a plinth sea in the background Leg date 1961 on plinth Edge TWENTY CENTS Milled -------------------------------------------------10 Cents, in cupro-nickel Leg + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA Rev Shield in crowned garter with Leg 10 CENTS both left & right Date 19 61 below divided by strap Edge Milled 573

A SMALL SELLECTION OF PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE. MANY MORE ARE KNOWN

P.D.S. 1. continued

5 Cents, in cupro-nickel + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA Rev Lion standing on a crown Leg 5 CENTS both left and right Date 1961 below Edge Milled -------------------------------------------------Leg

Bronze 2 & 1 cent illustrated for completeness (SNC 2005, p. 140, MS6357 & Norweb 1168)

P.D.S. 2.

(Spink 124, lot 2263 – Plain on obverse)

20-Pence – milled edge Cupro-nickel, 36mm

10-Pence – milled edge Cupro-nickel, 28.5mm

5-Pence – milled edge Cupro-nickel, 24mm

wt. 22.74g

wt. 11.38g

wt. 6.01g

Half-penny – plain edge Bronze, 17mm - wt. 1.99

Penny – plain edge Bronze, 20mm - wt. 3.56g

2-Pence – plain edge Bronze, 26mm - wt. 7.09g

574

A SMALL SELLECTION OF PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE. MANY MORE ARE KNOWN P.D.S. 3

(Spink 124, lot 2265)

Obv. Draped figure of Britannia, seated on stool facing two-thirds right at coin striking pedestal, striking hammer in right hand, coin die in left hand, newly minted coins by foot, BRITANNIA MONETA around, terminating with dolphin. Rev. mark of numerical value, edge DECUS ET TUTAMEN incusely inscribed

50-Pence edge legend Cupro-nickel 32mm, wt. 16.23g

20-Pence edge legend Cupro-nickel 25mm, wt. 6.69g

10-Pence milled edge Cupro-nickel 28mm, wt. 11.01g

5-Pence milled edge Cupro-nickel 23.5mm, wt. 5.58g

Quarter-penny plain edge Bronze 20mm,

Half-penny plain edge Bronze 19mm,

Penny plain edge Bronze 21.5mm,

wt. 1.15g

wt. 2.20g

wt. 4.56g

2-Pence milled edge Cupro-nickel 18mm, wt. 2.25g

Note: With this set is an extra blank possibly for a Pound coin, 32mm diameter, 3.5mm thickness, wt. 22.55g

575

A SMALL SELLECTION OF PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE. MANY MORE ARE KNOWN P.D. 4.

(Spink 124, lot 2264 – Mint mark on obverse) Missing the Halfpenny, in bronze and Quarter-penny, in aluminium

50-Pence – plain edge Cupro-nickel – 32mm wt. 16.15g

Penny plain edge Bronze 28mm, wt. 21.5g

Obv. Tower mintmark plain border at centre Cupro-nickel

2-Pence milled edge Cupro-nickel 18mm, wt. 2.23g

20-Pence – plain edge Cupro-nickel – 25mm

5-Pence milled edge Cupro-nickel 23.5mm, wt. 5.58g

wt. 6.40g

10-Pence milled edge Cupro-nickel 28mm, wt. 11.19g

P.D. 5. (Spink 62, lot 461) These patterns were produced for submission to the Royal Mint Advisory Committee who had concluded that the current reverse designs were unsuitable

576

A SMALL SELLECTION OF PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE. MANY MORE ARE KNOWN P.D. 5. Continued Pattern set of reverses in silver, 1926, by Derwent Wood (Models by T.A. Paget). All but the crown bearing the word MODEL on the reverse Crown Peace seated right, legend around GIVE PEACE IN OUR TIME O LORD, edge milled wt. 25.69g crowned shield within Garter, edge milled wt. 14.08g Halfcrown three roses, one in bloom, edge milled wt. 11.27g Florin large crown surmounted by a crowned lion, edge milled wt. 5.53g Shilling crowned Tudor rose, edge milled wt. 2.80g Sixpence wt. 1.42g Threepence large thistle, edge plain (See G.P. Dyer, Numismatic Chronicle “Thomas Humphrey Paget” Pages 167/8, for some background to these pieces) P.D.S. 6.

577

A SMALL SELLECTION OF PATTERNS FOR DECIMAL COINAGE. MANY MORE ARE KNOWN P.D.S. 7.

Baldwin F.P.L. Winter 2012-13, lot BM105 FLORINS / TEN NEW PENCE Rare group of Pattern Florins Trialling Various Font Styles

An assemblage of five undated trial pieces struck in cupro-nickel, on Florin size Blanks with Florin type obverses, produced for the purpose of testing new font styles in legends for a proposed decimal coinage of Ten Pence size, each with a different font for lettering as follows:- Albertus 11.34g, Albertus Light 11.28g, Poliphilus 11.33g, Baskerville 11.24g, Ionic 11.31g each with the same design, young laureate head right engraved by Mary Gillick, MG incuse on truncation, legend surrounding +ELIZABETH.II.DEI.GRATIA.REGINA beaded border and raised rim surrounding, incuse letters in field in front of neck denote each font style upon trial piece respectively, TRIAL / ALB, ALB.L, BAS, ION., reverse TRIAL DIE in two lines at centre, raised outer rim, edge milled

578

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

UNOFFICIAL REPRODUCTIONS NOT ROYAL MINT ISSUES Illustrated purely as a warning not to be fooled

‘PATINA’ CROWNS1

Type A

Obv. Leg Rev Leg. Edge

Small coroneted young head of Victoria, left, date below. Engraver’s initials DRG (Donald R. Golder) below truncation VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1879 Square-topped shield, crowned within two laurel branches (Similar to the first official reverse, but without the posy below) BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF: Plain. Struck in aluminium

Type. B Obv. Leg Rev Obv.

Type. C

B - Bare head, right, initials DRG below truncation (Donald R. Golder) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT: OMN:REX F:D:IND:IMP:MDCDX (Date 1910 in Roman NUMERALS) St George, left, slaying the dragon (no legend) C - Uniface as before but Arabic date 1910 579

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

UNOFFICIAL REPRODUCTIONS NOT ROYAL MINT ISSUES Illustrated purely as a warning not to be fooled

DOUBLE-FLORIN

Type D

Obv. Leg Rev Leg

D. - King, bare-headed, wearing a collar and tie, right EDWARDVS VII · DEI GRATIA ·IND : IMP : As Victoria issue; Cruciform crowned shields, star of the Garter in centre, four sceptres in the angles REX: 19 02 FID: DEF: BRITT:

Type. E

Obv. Leg Rev

E. - Bare head, left, initials DRG below truncation GEORGIVS V D G: BRITT: OMN:REX F:D:IND:IMP:1911 St George, left, slaying the dragon (no legend)

1

Produced by the International Numismatic Agency, Birmingham in 20011 Just a small sellection, go on line to discover a whole range of these. Commonly struck in aluminium with plain edges

580

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

UNOFFICIAL REPRODUCTIONS NOT ROYAL MINT ISSUES Illustrated purely as a warning not to be fooled

FANTASY PATTERNS CROWNS 2 Many varieties of these fantasy pieces have continued to be struck over the years, with reverses for various dominions and colonies, e.g. Australia, Bermuda, Ceylon, Hong Kong and New Zealand as well as Great Britain, in the original series, and others in more recent strikings. These are just a few. See 8 more examples sold in St James’ Auction 5, 2006, circa £30 -40 each

Type. F

Type. G

Type. H

2

Some struck in 1948 and others circa 1972 by the Pobjoy Mint. (Included out of interest)

581

EDWARD VII, 1901-10

UNOFFICIAL REPRODUCTIONS 1936 Obv Leg Rev

1936 Leg Rev —



1936 Leg Rev — —

― ―

1937

C/4 Obv Leg Rev





NOT ROYAL MINT ISSUES Illustrated purely as a warning not to be fooled F. By G. Hearn, 1936 Small truncated bare head, left. Unsigned EDWARD VIII BY THE GRACE OF GOD St George right, slaying the dragon Very large date in exergue. In gold G. - Small draped bust, left. Unsigned ( L&S, p. 110) EDWARD · VIII · KING · & · EMPEROR St George left, slaying the dragon (50 struck) Larger date above dragon’s tail. In gold (25 struck) wt. 38·44g H. - Large draped bust, left. Unsigned EDWARD · VIII · KING · & · EMPEROR St George on rearing horse, right, spearing dragon at close range. Small date in exergue. In silver gilt In gilt bronze

By Pobjoy Mint c. 1937 Large draped bust, right. Unsigned EDWARD · VIII · KING · AND · EMPEROR St George left, slaying the dragon Very large date in exergue. In gold wt. 42.88g 582

391

PROVENANCES Entries in bold signify illustrated in the main body of this edition “I am indebted to the people listed for the use of their images” (M.B.) This is a list of every specimen recorded and where to locate an illustration 1 Details in brackets indicate where a coin is mentioned but not illustrated When possible every attempt has been made to record the best example A coin without a provenance is not always an indication of its rarity “My apologies for some abbreviations due to lack of space” 1 Whenever possible METAL ABBREVIATIONS Ag (Silver, Argentum); Al (Aluminium, Alumen); Au (Gold, Aurum); Cu (Copper, Cuprum) Cd (Cadmium, Cadmia); Fe (Iron, Ferrum); Ni (Nickel, Kupfernickel); Pb (Lead, Plumbum) Pt (Platinum, Platina); Sn (Tin, Stannum); U (Uranium, Uranus); Zn (Zinc, Zink) Wm (White metal, an alloy made from 93% tin, 1% copper & 6% antimony) Pw (Pewter, an alloy of 85–99% tin, with copper, antimony & bismuth) Nb (Nickel-brass, an alloy of 60% copper, 30% zinc & 10% nickel) Cu-ni (An alloy of Copper and nickel – post 1947 coins) NAMED COLLECTIONS Adams. Colin Asherson. N Barr. Alan L.B. Besly. E Bole. Alfred ― ― ― ― ― ― ― ― Bull. Maurice Bruno Bonhams Christies Graham. K.V Hamilton Hughes. Martin Karon. Paul W Kent. E.R. La Riviere Lingford RCL Magnus Manville Montagu Morrieson Norweb Paget. T.H. Parsons

Halfcrowns - high quality All denominations High quality crowns Quality on line stock Commonwealth Sixpences Part I ― ― II ― ― III ― ― IV ― ― V Halfcrowns (complete) High Quality crowns Quality selection Various Pattern crowns Comprehensive collection Shillings & Sixpences Crowns etc William III etc (Study) Quality collection Comp. Bank $ & Crowns Comprehensive collection English & Forein Coins Comprehensive collection Comprehensive collection Comprehensive collection Select high grade rarities Edward VIII patterns Comprehensive collection

Spink 177. Dec. 2005. Most comprehensive collection Spink 6. Oct. 1979 Very comprehensive collection Sold through M. Rasmussen c. 2008 Most comprehensive Lloyd Bennett. Dealer: Web page Coins of Britain BNJ 64. Plate 13, № 5 DNW 89. 29/9/2010, lots 1448-1870 Very DNW 90. 9/12/2010, lots 1-183 comprehensive DNW 91. 16/3/2011, lots 1-203 collection DNW 92. 21/6/2011, lots 1-65 DNW 93. 26/9/2011, lots 1355-1542 Private collection sold through Mark Rasmussen 2010-14 Dr Bruno Mantegazza. Spink Auction 113. 1996. Auction on 17/10/2006 Auction on 28/5/1992 Auction Glendining 12/6/1963 Hamilton. Lord. Spink 3, 21/2/1979 Spink 139. 16/11/1999 Henry VIII – GIII Spink 129. 17/11/1998 Jackson-Kent. Glendining 26/5/1965 La Riviere and Kaufman Spink 124. 18/11/1997 Lingford. H.M. Glendining 24/10/1950 Lockett. R.C. Glendining 1956-1960. Spink 212, 2012/3/28&29 Manville. H.E. Spink 9, 4/6/1980 Montagu. Hyman. Sotheby 13/11/1896 Morrieson. Colonel. Sotheby 20/11/1933 R. Henry Norweb. Spink Auctions; 45, 48, 56 & 59 Glendining 12/3/1970. Lots 235-248 Parsons. H.A. Glendining 11/5/1954 583

PROVENANCES Rashleigh M.R. (list №) — 4 — 6 — 21 — 22 — 22 — 25 Rees-Jones. D. Richardson. R. Rowlands. J.F. Selig. Herman Slaney Scothern. Andr. Sommerville. G Roekel Whetmore Willis.Frederick Willis. Frederick W&R

Comprehensive collection High quality illustrated list Collection of halfcrowns Collection of halfcrowns Collection of halfcrowns Shillings, very comp. Crowns, very comp. Crowns down, comp. Crowns. Comprehensive High quality illustrated list Crowns Comprehensive George III High quality collection Comprehensive milled Comp. Shillings 1816-date High quality silver crowns Comprehensive Crowns Comprehensive collection Complete Maundy collect. Trials & proofs in gold

Rashleigh. Glendining, 1953 Mark Rasmussen (Quarterly publication - A4) Rasmussen Spring 2003 Rasmussen Winter 2008 Rasmussen Summer 2011 ‘Frogmore Collection’ Rasmussen. Mark. List № 22. Winter 2011/12 Rasmussen. Mark. List № 22. Winter 2011/12 Rasmussen. Mark. List № 25. Winter 2013/14 Spink 117. 19/11/1996 Richardson. Roderick (Quarterly publication – A5) Spink Auction 4. 22/2/1979 Spink Auction 131. 2/3/1999 The Slaney Collection. Spink Auction 163, 15/5/2003 DNW 111, 12&13/6/2013 DNW. 102, 18/9/2012 Van Roekel. E.D. Spink Auction 156. 15/11/2001 A.H. Glendining 14/7/1961 Parts I & II. Glendining’s 5/6/1991 Parts II. Glens 1991/6/5. Lot 825 (Not illustrated) Alex Wilson & Mark Rasmussen, Alexander 2000

DEALER’S LISTS ETC Baldwin — CoE EMC ESC SCMB 1954 SNC — 1997 — 1999 ― 2001 ― 2003 — 2003 ― 2005 ― 2011 ― 2011 Spink

G.V. Pat Double Florins Coins of England & UK Silver Coinage (reference) Silver Coinage (reference) Illustrated lists (A4) Maundy (not illustrated) Pattern & proof shillings Comp. Maundy odds 2/6, 1/-, 6d, 4d, 3d & 1½d Patterns & proof Florins Maundy sets 1670-2010 Maundy sets 1670-2010 Maundy sets 1670-2010 Spink Annual publication

Baldwins. Fixed Sales List issued bi- annually Baldwins. Fixed Sales List Summer 2011 Priced Standard Catalogue by Spink. Annual publication English Milled Coinage, 1st edition, 1975 English Silver Coinage, 5th revised edition, 1992 Seaby’s Coin & Medal Bulletin. William III, 2nd bust 6d Spink Numismatic Circular. As dated Spink Numismatic Circular, pp. 556-7 Spink Numismatic Circular, pp. 332-335 Spink Numismatic Circular, April 2001 (not illustrated) Spink Numismatic Circular. April 2003 Spink Numismatic Circular. April 2003 Spink Numismatic Circular, August 2005, pp. 278-284 Spink Numismatic Circular, March 2011, pp. 41-47 Spink Numismatic Circular, July 2011, pp. 122-3 Up-to-date price list (Originally a Seaby publication)

SELECTION OF IMPORTANT AUCTION CATALOGUES Baldwin 14 ― 17 ― 18 ― 48 ― 52 ― 57 ― 80 DNW 64 ― 82 ― 85

Commonwealth

13/10/1997 5/5/1998 Countermarked dollars etc 13/10/1998. Clipped and countermarked dollars 26/9/2006 25/9/2007 Halfcrowns 23 & 24/9/2008. Large collection 13/5/2013 Dix Noonan Web. 14/12/2004 ― 18/6/2009 ― 17/3/2010 584

PROVENANCES DNW 86 ― ? ― 97 DNW 101 ― 107 ― 113 Glens 1962 ― 1968 ― 1972 ― 1973 ― 1974 ― 1992 ― 2000 ― 2000 Plym. A SJA 4 ― 6 ― 9 ― 12 ― 18 ― 23 Seaby 1 SMB Spink 12 ― 14 ― 38 ― 46 ― 55 ― 101 ― 113 ― 125 ― 140 ― 145 ― 154 ― 157 ― 183 ― 207 ― 210 ― 214 ― 215

― ― ― ― ― Countermarked dollars etc Pattern Florins Pattern shillings Crowns struck in gold Crowns of Charles II Countermarked dollars etc Countermarked dollars etc Comp. Commonwealth

16/7/2010 22/10/2009 7/12/2011 21/6/2012 21/3/2013 17/9/2013 4/10/1962 19/6/1968 13/4/1972 Plus other patterns in gold 24/10/1973 19/6/1974, lots 384-412 9/12/1992, lots 620-667 9/2/2000 7/2/2000 Plymouth Auction Rooms 18/4/2008 – Evan Roberts Col. (Ex. J.G. Murdoch Col.) St James’s Auction 8/5/2006 8/6/2007 Countermarked coins 18/6/2008. Including Spanish French & USA Maundy sets 5/11/2009, lots 788-859 Comp 2/6 & BoE Dollars 27/9/2001. Large collection Reddite crown etc 4/2/2013. Choice selection 23/4/1986 (Their one and only auction) Seaby Mail Bid Sale 22/10/1982(the only one) Assortment 19/11/1980 Auction 19/3/1981 Patterns and proofs 10/10/1984 (Gold & silver 1746-1936) Sixpences 1547-1952 9/2/2000 Includes Edward VIII, lots 819-21 Commonwealth 8/10/1986 Pat. shillings & sixpences 24/11/1993. Small selection of Victorian Quality crowns 5/3/1996. Dr. Bruno Mantegazza collection Quality crowns, Proof sets 3/3/1998 Gothic Florins 16/11/1999. Very comprehensive collection Hammered & milled 12-14/7/2000. Large comprehensive collection Commonwealth 12/7/2001. Very comprehensive collection Comp. Milled proofs 15/11/2001. Very comprehensive collection Comprehensive Maundy 26/9/2006, lots 128-391 Selection all denoms 23 & 24/3/2011 Selection of Maundy 6/10/2011, lots 516-564 Small quality collection 26/9/2012. Ancient British & Foreign Coins Good run of Florins 4 & 5/12/2012. Ancient British & Foreign Coins

Web sites Neville Eilbeck Commonwealth, Cromwell http://cromwellcoins.com Note PC = Private collector (initials only for identification and privacy)

585

PROVENANCES ESC 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

Variety 1649 Obv 1649 Wire 1652 1653 1654 1656

15 17 18

1649 ·II VI· 1651 ·II·VI· 1651 ·II VI·

1656/4 A for V

1656/6/4

WE·ALTH

22 24 26 28 30 32 34 35 37 39 40

43 45 47 48 50 51 53 54 56 57 58 60 62 64 66 67 68

·II·VI·

1652 1652/1 1653

THE No stp Only stps ·mm· No stops rev.

1653/1 1665/56 1654 · mm · IIVI 1654/3 1654 O/M 1655 1656 P? 1656 ·mm· 1656 TH·E 1656/4 56/5TH·E 1657 1658 rev B 1659 1651Pat. C ‘51Pat CCu Pattern F Pattern F Pln Pattern G

COMMONWEALTH - CROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 1 1 1649 Rev Montagu 678 2 Roekel 76 (AVF) 3 1651 4 Norweb 1455 EF 5 1652/1 6 Norweb 413 (EF) 7 1653 N/Ns 7 A for V in VS Willis 378 (EF) 9 (GVF) 8 Willis 379 11 1656/4 8A 13 1656/4 PC (DT) (GVF) 9A XXX 1660Anchor Spink 125 693 (EF)

Provenance Montagu 678 Rasmussen16/69(AEF) Spink 117 39 (EF) PC (DT) (VF) PC (DT) (VF) PC (DT) (GVF) Asherson 128 Barr 221 Fabrication

COMMONWEALTH - HALFCROWNS 425 16 1649 ·II VI· Montagu 684(VAS) PC (DT) (GVF) 426 Spink 154 10 (VF) 18 1651 ·II VI· Asherson130(AEF) 425A Mule 1/- / 2/6 Spink 170 583 (EF) 19 Spink 154 11 (GVF) 426B GOD WITH 21 L. Bennett 23 1651 P 429 165 large Adams 254 (AEF) 25 2 2 SNC1991,6586(GVF) 430 Spink 55, 12 (VF) PC (DT) (GVF) 431 Spink 15413(AEF) 29 31 (F) 431A Adams 259 33 431C? Glens 2000 261 (AF) 35 5/4 PC (DT) (GVF) 431D? Stop date only Glens 2000 264 (F+) 36 Adams 260 (GF) 432 38 3/2 Adams 261 (GVF) Baldwin 17, lot 613 433A? 1654 no stops SNC 2012,4921(GF 39 SNC 1991, 6590 434 Spink 154 14 (GVF) E/P Spink 208, lot 757 ? Baldwin 17, 613 N/G PC (DT) (GVF) ? 42 Bonham’s 1532 435 44 Glens 2000,266 (Fr) 435A Adams 263 (GVF) 46 WEALH PC (DT) (GVF) 48 1655 Adams 264 (GF)(3rd) 436 49 1656 PC (DT) (GF) (4th) Asherson 131 437B Only stps ·mm· Spink 15416(AEF) 51 PC (DT) (GVF) 437F Baldwin 14 481 (F) 52 1656 THE Baldwin 14, 479(Fr) 437A MMON·WEAL Spink 55,24 (NVF) 437B Adams 267 (AVF) 55 1656/5 Glens 2000268 (NVF) 438A? Adams 269 (AVF) 57 1657 BNJ 64, pl. 13-5 438B? (AVF) 57 1657 Adams 270 PC (DT) (GF) 439 59 1658/7 Adams 272 (GF) Spink 154 18 (VF) 441 61 1660 Spink 154 20 (VF) Adams 273 (VF) 443 63 1651Pat.D Spink 139,206 (GEF) Glens1962/10/4, 2(VF) (Montagu 712 Fine) 444A Pattern 65 E Spink 55, lot 86 445 Pattern Bead F Montagu 708 (Montagu 709) 445B Pattern F Thin Norweb 959(NEF) 445D 445D ESC

586

(Old ESC) 1 3 5 6A 7A 8A 9

425 425A 428 426A? 427 429A? 430B?

431B 433 434A? ?

436 437 437F 437E 437C 438 438B 438B? 440 442 444 444B 445A 445C

PROVENANCES ESC 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 101 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 115 116 117 118 119 121 123 125 127 129 130 132 134 136 137 139 140 142 144 146 148 150 152

Variety 1649 No stop OF

1651 THE· 1651 N/invt.N

No stops

obv 1651 P

ENGLND no st COMONWEA No stops mm Vlue/inverted

No stops obv No stp

THE

2/1 No stops rev 2/2 side 1652 1652/1 V/O No stops mm Colon in COM 1653 N/invt.N

D/P No stp

THE 1653 No T?

ENGLAND

1653/2 Only stop date

1654 1654/3 ENGLND ENGLND No stops rev

1655/4 1656 ENGLAND

COMMONWEALTH - SHILLINGS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 982 70 F/D in OF Glens 2000, 276 (EF) 982B ENGLND no st 72 74 1649 N/G No stpTHE/XII 76 78 983 Spink 154, 25 (Mint) 80 82 No stops 84 obv Neville Eilbeck 86 88 51/49 ·mm· No stp 983B 90 THE PC (DT) (GVF) Only stps ·mm· SJA 10, 480 (GEF) 92 94 96 Glens.2000, 276 (EF) 984B 984C Spink 154 27 (VF) 98 1/- / 2/6 984E SJA 10, 481 (VAS) 100 XII/IIX 101 PC (DT) (VF) 103 1652 105 986D ·1652 No stp af Glens 2000,291(AVF) 107 ENGLAND 109 Asherson 136 111 985A 113 DNW 91 519 (NVF) 985B Glens 2000 287 (VF) 114 No stops rev COMMON·W 116 36 (F) 985C Spink 55, 116 2/2 side 986H SNC2011,4736 (VF) 986E 1652/1 Spink 55, 34 (VF) 118 V/O 120 (Glens.2000, 294 (F)) 986F ON·WEALTH 122 986I 124 1653 Neville Eilbeck 126 No T 987A 1653 128 T/G Glens 2000 296 (VF) (Baldwin 14 567 (F+)) 988A 130 1653 No T? 988B 131 PC (DT) (VF) 988 No stop @ mm DNW 90 499 (NEF) 133 989C Only stps ·mm· 135 989D 136 1653· only 990 Norweb 1459 138 991 Spink 55, 48 (VF) 139 1654/3 141 1654 E/A Glens 2000302 (AVF) 990A 992 No sotp 34 (AVF) 143 OF Spink 154 DNW 107 368 (GF) 145 1655 ENGLAND 147 994 149 1655/4/3 995 151 Spink 139 193 (AEF) No stops mm 995A 574(NVF) 153 Baldwin14 587

Provenance PC (DT) (VF) Spink 154, 24 (AEF) PC (DT) (VF) DNW 82, 310(GF)

(Old ESC)

Baldwin 40 249 (EF)

983B

Spink 139 191 (VF) Spink 55, 31 (VF) Spink 55, 28 (VF)

983A

982D 982A 982C 982D?

984 984A

984D

PC (DT) (VF) Spink 170, 585 (AEF)

984F

Glens 2000 301 (VF)

986A

PC (DT) (GVF) Spink 117 392(VF) PC (DT) (VF)

985B

PC (DT)

(VF)

Glens 2000, 293 (F) Asherson 137 Baldwn 14 539(NVF) PC (DT) (VF) Spink 154 31 (GF) Baldwin 14 540 (VF) Baldwin 14 542 (VF) PC (DT) (VF) Bonham 1546(VF) Baldwin 14 559 (F) Glens 2000305 (GVF) Baldwin.14 561 (VF) Spink 55, lot 52(F)

985

986B

986C 985C 986 986E

986G 987 988C

988B

989B 989E 898D

991 991A? 992A 993 993A 994A

995B Glens 2000307(AVF) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 154 156 158 160 162 163 165 167 168 170 172 173 177 179 181 182 184 186 188 190 192 194 196 197 200 202 204 206 208 210 211 212 213 215 217 217 219 220 222

Variety O·F No stp ob+valu

1657

Provenance Bonham 1549 (NVF) DNW 85, 487 (AF) Spink 154 38(GVF)

No stops obv

No stops obv

Colon 1658/7G/L 1658 G/L 1660 1651 Pat C

Norweb 1548

1649 1651 No stops @mm

1654/49 No stops rev

1652

52/49 1652/49 1652 1653 V1/O 1654 1654/3 1656 1657/6 C D/O 1659 1660 1651 Pat C 1651 Pat C 1651 Pat D 1651 Au Pat D Stars 3/? 8/?

995C 985E 996 997

Baldwin14 585 (F) Glens 2000,309(AF) Bonham’s 1541 DNW 85,488 (F+) PC (DT) (VF) Spink 139,196 (VF)

ENGLAND

(Old ESC)

999C 998A ? 999 999 1001

1002

ESC 155 157 159 161 163 164 166 166 167 169 171 173

Variety No stops obv Only stps value No stop

OF

1658 No stops obv

(Old ESC)

Spink 55, 59 (AF) PC (DT) (VF) Glen. 2000, 308 (F) Spink 154, 40 (GF) DNW 82, 31(Fr-F)

999B

PC (DT) (VAS)

1002

Bole 3,83 (VF)

1483A

995D 995F 996A 998 999C

No stop THE O/M + M/O O/M + M/O 8/7ENGLAND

1659 No stops mm

1651 Pat C

COMMONWEALTH - SIXPENCES 1483 ENGLAND 178 Spink 145 2314(GVF) EF 1484 Norweb 1461 180 ENGLAND 182 Baldwn 382595 (EF) 1484A 84 (NVF) 1485B Bole 3, 183 1651/49 1486A 185 1652 · 1486 Spink 145 2316(GVF) 187 1652 N inv 189 191 1652 · 1487 Glens 2000, 326 (F) 193 1652/1 1487B 195 52/1/49 Bole 1, 1634 (GF) 1487C? Bole 2, 110 (GF) 48 GVF) 1488 No stop THE Spink 154 198 1488B 199 1653/1 DNW 85, 493 1489 Spink 154 49 (VF) 201 1490 203 1655 Bole 1,1639 (NVF) Only stp · mm· SNC 2011 4737 (GVF) 1492 205 207 1657 1493A Spink 154 53 (VF) 209 1658 1495 271 210 1658/7 Spink 210, Stops 1495A Spink 55, lot 78 211 D/O 213 1659 1496 No stp COMM 214 Bole 1,1646 (F) 1497 No stop THE Spink 154 56(GVF) 216 1498 Glens1962/10/4, 4(VF) 217 1651 Pat C 1498 (EF) 218 1651Thin fl PC (DT) 1499 219 1651 Pat D Montagu 711 1500 Pat Wilson+Rasm 37 221 D Cu 1502 223 D plated Cu DNW 89 ? 53/? DNW 82, 324 ? Morrieson 705

588

Provenance Baldwin 14 577 (F) Glens 2000 311(Fr) PC (DT) (VF) Spink 145 2221(GVF) PC (DT) (F)

999B 999A 1000 1001 A

1484B

Norweb 1462 Bole 1,1636 (NVF) Spink 154, 45 (GVF)

1485 1486B? 1486C?

Glens 2000, 325 Bole 1,1635 (VF+) Bole 3, 185 (Fair)

?

Bole 1,1638 Bole 1,1635

(F)

1488A

(F)

1488C?

Bole 1,1636 (F) Spink 15452(GVF) Spink 55,58 (Fr-F) Asherson 146 Bole 4, 1445 (NVF) Spink 139, 197 PC (DT) (GVF) DNW 119 2365 (VF)

1487A 1487D

1491 1492A 1493 1494 1495

1495A 1496 1496A

PC (DT) (GVF) DNW 89 1632 (VF)

1497A 1498

(Not traced)

1498A

DNW 89 1633 (AVF)

1499 1501 1503

DNW 89, 1637

?

PROVENANCES

ESC 224 225 227 228 230 240 242 243 245 247 249

Variety 2d

1d ½d 1658/7Obv 1658Pewter Dutch copy Gilt

1658 Pln Tan/Sim mule

251 253

1656 1658

254 256 258 xxx

1658

260 262 264

Au

Dutch copy Pln Dutch copy mil

Swan cmk 1658HIB&c 1658 HIB· 1658 Bronze

COMMONWEALTH HALFGROATS, PENNIES & HALFPENNIES (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety Provenance 2160 224 2d Spink 145 2387(AEF) Spink 55, lot 82 226 227 2263 No stps value 229 Glens 2000, 326 (VF) Spink 154 60 (EF) 2363 Spink 154 61(Unc) 2, 1, ½d Spink 206,966 (AVF) CROMWELL - CROWNS 10 241 1658/7 Au (R.E. Ockenden Collection) 10B 243 1658 Dutch copy 11 244 Spink 117, 46 (GVF) Gilt 246 1658Tanner 14 Sim/Tan mule Spink 117, 49 (EF) 248 14B Crom/Louis 14 250

Lingford 259

CROMWELL - HALFCROWNS 446 SNC2010,9177 (AEF) 252 1658 447A Spink 107 404(EF) xxx 1657forgery CROMWELL - SHILLINGS 1005 DNW 86 660 (VAS) 255 1658 Au 1006 EF 257 1658 Norweb 1465 1006B Dutch Bronze 259 1005B? Spink 204- 248 CROMWELL - SIXPENCES 1504 261 1658 Pewtr Manville 5 (F) 1505 263 HIB PRO M.R. 12/ 106 (AFDC) 1506A Liberty cap xxx

Norweb 424 (EF) Roekel 85 (GEF) Spink 117, 47 (GEF) Roekel 87 (GEF)

Huntarian Museum, Glasgow

Spink 117

, 50 (EF)

11A 13 14A 14C

1005A 1006A 1007

1504A

Bald.48 5032 (GEF) SJA 2 157 (F)

272 273

Rev. 1 A – obv.

CHARLES II – 1st HAMMERED - SHILLINGS 1010 272 Rev. 1 Norweb 1466 EF M.R. 7 124 (VF) 1009 273 Rev. 1a Asherson 157 M.R. 7 125 (VF)

274

A / 1a

CHARLES II – 1st HAMMERED - SIXPENCES 1507 BRIT FRAN 274 Spink 139,204 (VAS) Norweb 1469EF

275 276

A-3

279 282

A1 A2

BR F ET

10A 11

Wilson & Ras 47 Bonhams 1573

A/1 Rev. 1a

BRIT FR

2263A

447

270 271

BRIT FR ET H

2160

DNW 113 83 (AEF) Spink 15481(GVF)

CHARLES II – 1st HAMMERED - HALFCROWNS 448 270 A/1obv.rev Spink 154, 64 (GVF) Asherson 156 448A DNW 64, 229

obv.rev

(Old ESC)

1506 1506B

448

1010 1009

1507

CHARLES II – 1st HAMMERED - HALFGROATS 2161 275 Rev. 1a DNW 75,35 (AEF) Norweb 1471 2162 BR FR ET H 278 Spink 124,1787(GVF)

2161

CHARLES II – 1st HAMMERED - PENNY 2264 279 Rev. 1a Esc A (VAS) Esc A (VAS) 2265 Type 2 (VAS) 283 A Spink 154 78 (AVF) Esc B

2264

589

2163

2266

PROVENANCES ESC 285 287

Variety BRIT FRAN BRI FRA

290 292 293

B6 B8 B9

BRI HIB

294

B6

296

B10

297 299 301 303 305

BRIT FRA

BR HIB BR

HI

BRI HIB

BR FR

A/R c6 Bust lower

307 309 311 313 315

BRIT FRA

316 316 317 319

mm no stops

321

UNDATED

322

325

CHARLES II - 2nd HAMMERED - SHILLINGS 1011 Spink 145 2223 (F) 291 B7 BRI HI Spink 154 68(AVF) 1013 563 292 Rev. 1a DNW 106, DNW 106, 563 1014 Asherson 160 (GF) CHARLES II - 2nd HAMMERED - SIXPENCES 1508 Bole 5, 1446 (NVF) 295 B7 BRI HI CHARLES II - 2nd HAMMERED - HALFGROATS 2164 Spink 154, 76 (F+) 296 Rev. 1a Seaby 3316

CAROLV

BRI FRA Small XII BRI FR HI BR FR HI

C3

CHARLES II - 2nd HAMMERED - HALFCROWNS (Old ESC) ESC Variety Provenance Provenance 449 BRIT FRA Adams 280 (AVF) 286 Adams 281 (AF) (AVF) 451 Large Adams 282 288 XXX DNW 119,2370(NVF) 289 S/S Bull

·mm·

Rev. 2

C14 mm C14 · mm · 1676/5

CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - HALFCROWNS 452 BRI FRA 298 Adams 283 AVF M.R. 7/123 (GVF) 454 BR FR Adams 285 (AVF) 300 Adams 286 (VF) 456 302 Spink 154 66 (GEF) Adams 287 (GF) 304 V/A PC (M. Bull) (NVF) 456B MA BR FR HI 306 SNC 2007,HC025 CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - SHILLINGS 1015 BRIT FR 308 DNW 106, 566 1019 BRI FR vas 310 Norweb 1468 1019A CARLVS 312 M.R. 10, 187 (Glens16/1968, 317 (AEF) ) 1021A BR FR HIB 314 1021 Rev. 2 DNW 106, 566 CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - SIXPENCES 1510 316 Rev. 2 Norweb 1470 M.R. 10, 188 (EF) 1510 M.R. 7, 126 316 Bole 2, 112 (NVF) Stop mm 318 Bole 4 43 (NVF) 1510B Thicker flan 320 British Museum DNW 90. Bole 112 CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - MATCHING SET 2364 SNC 20056609 (GVF) 321 Type A Spink 210 516(VF) CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - GROATS 1839 322 C8 mm no stps DNW 104, 304 Bonham’s 1587 C8 · mm · CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - THREEPENCES 1957 Spink 124,1794 (AEF) Rev. 2 L. Bennett

(Old ESC) 450 451A 451B?

1012

1509

2164

453 455

? 456A

1016 1018 1019B? 1020

1510 1510 1510A 1511

2364

1839 1839A?

1957

1957A?

DNW 97 283 (VAS)

1679

590

SNC 2003,7234 (NEF)

1970

PROVENANCES ESC

Variety C5 BRI FRA

ESC 332

Variety

399 400 402

CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - PENNY (Old ESC) ESC Variety Provenance Provenance

MAG BR FR

2267

M BR F ET

2269

C16 339 341 343 345 347 349 351 352 354 356 357 358 360 362 363 365 367 369 371 373 375 377 379 381 383 384 386 387 389 391 392 394 396

CHARLES II – 3rd HAMMERED - HALFGROAT (Old ESC) ESC Variety Provenance Provenance 2165 Spink 124,1795 (AEF) Rev. 2 DNW 104, 306 2165 BR FR SNC2011,4491 (GF)

M B F

A&BU 1662 P Mil 1662 P Pln 1662 1662 Rev. 1 C, D & E 1663 1663 XV 1663 Au 1663 Frost 1663 JR No stop II

1664 XVI 1664 PXVI 1665 XVII 1666 RE·X Eleph RE·X ‘67 AN.REG 1668 20th MAGno stp 1668/5 B/R 1669/8 1670/69 T/R 1671 ET/FR 1671 23rd 1671 24th 1673 24th B/R in BR 1673 I/O 1674 26th 1675/327th HIB no stop 1677/629th 1677/6A/G 1678/730th

Bonham’s 1590

MAG B F

2270

Rev. 2

CHARLES II – CROWNS 15 340 1662 U (Montagu 835 (EF)) 15B 342 16 Spink 31, 304 (EF) 344 17 Barr 224 (GVF) 346 1662 II 18 348 Roekel 92 (AEF) 20 350 1662 Manville 6 (GEF) (EF) 19 Barr 225 Obv. A1 22A Barr 227 (GF) 353 1663 XV (GVF-EF) 23 Barr 69 355 1663 P 25 Glens 4/1972, 371 356 1663 Au 26 Barr 228 (GVF) 358 1663 Rev.2 27 No stops on rev 359 Spink 156 98 (GVF+) 26A Spink 117 69 (Fair) 361 1664 28 (VAS) 362 Manville 6 small flan 364 1665 XVI Bald FPL. Sum 2009 (32) 29 31 Spink 145,2396 (GF) 366 1666 XVIII 32A Bald 11/1973, 123 (Fair) 368 1666 Eleph 34 370 1667 XVIII Spink 85 503 (GVF) 78(Fr/F) 35 AN. · REG . · Spink 117 372 36 Roekel 105 (EF) 374 1668 invert (VF) (P.C.) M.Shaw 376 1668/7 37A 378 1669 (P.C.)M. Lewendon 39 380 1670 22nd Spink 85 506 (EF) 41 Barr 424 (GF) 382 1671 23rd 1671 42A 383 T/R SNC 1998, 6993 42B Roekel 112 (EF) 385 43 Bruno 35 (EF) 386 HIB no stop 254 (AVF) 44 Spink 104 388 1672 24th (Glens16/1968, 69 (AEF) ) 46 390 1673 25th 47A? 391 R/B in FRA SNC 1999, 1459 47B Barr 239 (GF-VF) 393 1673/2 49 Spink 117, 93(Fair) 395 1675 27th 50A 120 (EF) 397 1676 28th Spink 156 (P.C) M.Shaw(NEF) 398 1677 29th 53 (AEF) xxx 1677 Boar’s Roekel 123 53A Barr C564 (GF) 401 1678/6 55 403 1679 Bust 3 Manville 21 (AVF) Roekel 88 (EF)

591

(Old ESC) 2165 2166

(Old ESC) 2268

Bonham’s 1590

2270

Roekel 89 (EF)

15A

Barr 222 (F)

16A

Slaney 135 (NEF) Barr 222 (F) SNC 2002, 2703 (EF) DNW 111,573 (NEF)

20A

R. Richardson

Barr C558 (VF) Glen11/1973, 116 (GVF) Glens 11/1973, 119 (EF) Hamilton 10 (AVF) Barr 72 (GVF) Roekel 102 (GEF) Spink 117 77(Fr/F) Roekel 104 (GEF) Spink 117, 81(Fair) Roekel 106 (AVF) Spink 117, 83 (F) Spink 189,66 (GVF) Bruno 34 (GEF) (P.C.)M. Lewendon

? 22 24 25 27 27A

28A 30 32 33 34A 35A 36A 37 38 40 42 42A

43 Willis 35 (GVF) (EF) 45 Bruno 36 47 DNW 86 665 (EF) 47A? (P.C.)M. Lewendon 48 SNC 2002, 4272 (EF) 50 Spink 117, 94(GVF) (EF) 51 Bruno 37 52 Roekel 122(GEF) (GVF) Delisted 54 Barr 74 55A Barr 242 (VF) 56 Spink 85 514 (VAS) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 404 406 408 410 412 414 416 418 419 421 423 425 426 428 429 431 433 435 437 xxx 438 440 441 443 445 447 449 451 453 455 457 459 461 462 463 465 466 468 470 472 474 476 478 480 482 483

(Old ESC)

Variety 1679/8

Provenance P.C.M. Lewendon

1680 Bust 3

Roekel 128 (GEF)

58

1680 Bust 4 1681 33rd 1682 34th 1662Pattern 1683 35th

Barr 82 (EF) Spink 214 681 (EF) Spink 124 1840 (Mint) Roekel 95 (EF) Roekel 136 (EF)

60

1662 Rb dated

Lingford 282

18A

Richardson Sum ‘07,2 (GEF)

70

Spink 107 405 (VAS) SNC 2003, 5664 (EF) Slaney 136 (VAS) Willis 269 (Mint)

69

1679 HIBR·EX

Sa Pln

1662 1662 SAu 1663T Wm 1663Pat U Reddite V Ag Render W Ag Cliche Petition Lead squeeze Electro

Pat

U

1663 XV 1663 V/S 1663 R/B 1663 P 1664 obv E 1666/4 ele 1668/4 1669 obv F 1670 22nd MRG 1671 23rd 1672 24th 1673Plu obv 1673 Plu o/r 1673 A/R 1673 F/M 1674 26th 1675 27th 1676 28th

1678 30th GRATTA

1679 31st REGRI

57A

64 65 21 66

72 73 74A

Spink 124, 26 & 27 La Riviere 27 P.C.(M.Bull) GVF)

ESC 405 407 409 411 413 415 417 418 420 422 424 425 427 428 430 432 434 436

Variety 1679 Bust 4 1680/79

3

1680/79 4 1681 Eleph 1682/1 1682QVRRTO

1684 36th 1662S Ar 1662Sa Pln 1662Sa Au 1663 Pw Pln 1663 Pln Pat Reddite Pw

U V

Pat

W

Pln

Pw

Cliche. rev CF 72

Petition legend

CHARLES II – HALFCROWNS 457 439 Slaney 138 (GEF) 457A Adams 293 (NVF) 442 1663 A/? (P.C.)M. Lewendon (Montagu 838 (EF)) 458 444 No stops 460 446 1666/4 Manville 28 (GEF) 462 Spink 124 1844 (VAS) 448 1667/4 464 Adams 300 (VF) 450 1669 465A Adams 302 (GVF) 452 1669/4 467 DNW 111,13 (AEF) 454 467A Adams 308 (GF) 456 LV/SV 468 Adams 311 (VF) 458 1671/0 471 460 1672 24th Adams 313 (GVF) SNC 1979 7067 (Fair) 474 462 1673 25th NVF 475 Adams 323 473A Adams 321 (GF) 464 1673 B/R 473C Adams 318 (NVF) EGNI 476 Adams 324 (VF) 467 1674/3 477 Adams 326 (VF) 469 1675 retro 1 (GVF) 478 Adams 328 471 1676 retro 1 473 1676F/H, 475 1677 29th 477 1678 30th 480A Adams 340 (GVF) 479 1679 31st 481A FRA HIB no st Adams 345 (Fair) 481 481B? Re-entered Adams 344 (GVF) 482 S (Fr) 482 Adams 347 483 1679 31st 592

Provenance Roekel 127 (GEF)

(Old ESC) 57

Barr 427 (GF)

59

Hamilton 39 (VF) SNC2003, 4717 (VF) Roekel 134 (EF) Roekel 114 (GVF) Roekel 137 (EF)

61

Slaney 134 (EF) Lingford 266 Lingford 265 SNC 2003, 5664 (EF) Glens 6/1963 159 Asherson 169 (EF) Spink 69,308 (FDC)

68

63 65A 65B 67

70 71

72A? 74 75

Glens 3/1981 148 Spink 190, 503

Adams 290 (VF) Adams 294 (NEF) Adams 296 (VF) Adams 299 (Fr-F) Hamilton 52 (VF) SNC 2007,027 (VF) Adams 307 (GVF) Adams 312 (GF) Adams 315 (NEF) Adams 316 (NEF)

457B 459 461 463 465 466

467B? 469 472 473

473B Adams 322 (F) Adams 320 (GF) 476A Adams 325 (NVF) 477A Adams 327 (GVF) 175(VAS) 478A DNW 72, 478C Adams 335 (NVF) (GVF) 479 Adams 336 480 DNW 111,17(AEF) 481 Adams 341 (NEF) 481? Adams 343 (NVF) 478B? Adams 334 (GF) 482 Adams 347 (GVF) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 484 485 487 489 491 492 494 496 498

Variety DECNS DNCVS 1679 31st 1680 32nd 1681 E&C 1682 34th 1682/79 1683 35th 1684/336th

500 500 501 503 504 505 506 508 510 511 513 515 516 518 520 521 523 525

D 1663

528 530 532 534 536 538 540 542 544 546 548 550 552 554 556 558 560 561 563

GARTIA Transposed

1663 A/G 1663 1666 1668 1668 1668/7 1669/6 1669 1671 1671 Plume 1672 1673/2 1673 Plume 1674 1674 Plume 1675 1675 Plume 1675/4 1676 1676 Plume 1677 1678/7 1679/7 1679 Plume 1680/79 1681/0 1682/1 1683 O rev.1 1663 Pat Cu P

Provenance DNW 99,461(GVF) P.C.(M.B) (NVF) Adams 352 (VF) Adams 355 (EF) Bald 57, 463 (NVF) Adams 359 (VF) Adams 361(Fr-F) Spink 124 1850 (VAS) Adams 363 (VF)

(Old ESC)

ESC

Variety

Provenance

486 488 490 491 493 495 497

PRICESIMO

Bull (NVF) Adams 350 Spink 124 1848 (EF) Adams 357 (GF) Bald 57 , 463 (NVF)

(Old ESC)

483 483A 484A 485A 488 489 489B 490

32nd

1680 1681 33rd

Eleph. & castle

1682/1 1683 plume

484 485 486 488 489A

Manville 48 (Pr)

491

Spink 11008, 516 Spk 216 820 (GVF)

1022

492

CHARLES II – SHILLINGS 1022 500 Std rev Spink 11008, 516 SNC 2011 9715 (GEF) 1022 500 1663 502 1023 GARTIA SNC 2000 221 503 1024 Transposed DNW 79 3062 (GF) 504 2373(F) 1024A SNC 2000 505 1663 A/G 1025 507 1666 Eleph M.R. 22 102 (AEF) 1028 Spink 124 1853(GVF) 509 1666 Eleph (F+) 1029 Hamilton 80 1668 No stop II SNC 2004 6167 (GEF) 1030 511 1030A 512 Spink 196, 927 1031 515 1669/6 Spink 9, 54 (Montagu 810 (F)) 1032 517 1670 1034 Norweb 1482 AEF 519 1671 MAG 1035 520 1671 Plume M.R. 22 110(GVF) 1854 (EF) 1036 Spink 124 522 1673 (SNC 2001,MSO787(GF+)) 1037A 524 1673E/RET (VF) 1038 Hamilton 88 526 1674 plume (Not traced) 1039 527 1674/3 1041 529 1674 Hamilton 91 (VF) 1043 531 K M.R. 22 119 1046 Manville 64 (VAS) 533 1675 1045 535 1675/3 M.R. 22 118 (VF) SNC 2004 6169 (GEF) 1047 537 539 1676/5 1049 DNW 104 465 (VF) 541 1677 Plume 1050 Manville 67 (EF) 543 1678 (Not traced) 1053 545 1679 (Hamilton104 (GF)) 1055 547 1679 Plume 5465A (GEF 1056 SNC 2003 549 1680 Plume (Not traced) 1060 551 1680 553 1681 1061A Hamilton 110 (GF+) 555 1681/0 Ele 1063 557 1683 Spink 9, 75 1065 559 1684 M.R. 22 130 (EF) 1067 561 P rev.2 SNC 2000 222 1067A 1663 Mule revs Spink 139,226 (GVF) 562 1676 Mule revs 564 593

PC (RF/NP) PC (RF/NP) (EF) PC (RF/NP) (GVF) Spk 216 827 (VF) Hamilton 78 (GF)

1022

1023 1024 1024A 1026 1027

M.R. 22 105 (GVF) Man. 54 (GVF+) Hamilton 83 (GVF) M.R. 22 109 (GF) Spink 139,220 (EF) Hamilton 87 (VF) M.R. 22 112 (VF) Norweb 225 (VAS) M.R. 22 114 (EF) Hamilton 92 (VF+) M.R. 22 120 Hamilton 940 (VF+) M.R. 6/233 Hamilton 98 (VF+) Manville 6 (AEF) Hamilton 102 (VF) Hamilton 103(GVF) Spink 139,224 (GVF) Hamilton 108 (VF+) Manville 72(NEF) Spink 145,2470 (GVF) Hamilton 111 (VF) Spink 145,2472 (GF) Spink 139,224 (GEF) M.R. 15, 110 SNC 2000,1571 (EF) M.R.16/C285(VAS)

1031 1033 1034A 1035 1037 1037B 1040 1039A 1042 1043A 1044 1043A

1048 1051 1052 1054 1057 1059 1058 1061 1062 1064 1066 1067A 1067B

PROVENANCES ESC 566 568 569 571

Variety 1674 1675/4 1676 1677

574 576 578 580 580

1679 1680 1682 1683 1683

582 584 586 588 590 591

2d 1d 2d 2d

593 595 597 599 601 603 605 607

1670 1672/1 1674 1676 1678 1680 1682 1684

608 610 612 614 616 618 620 622 624 626 628 630 632 634 636 638 640

1670 1672/1 1674 74/63 1675 1676 1676/5

CHARLES II – SIXPENCES (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety SNC 1987 5248 (Mint) 1512 567 1675 1514 Hamilton 118 (EF) 568 1675/4 1515 Spink 46 247 (AF) 570 1676/5 1516 Spink 124 1864 (VAS) 572 G/O 573 1678/7 1518 Bole 1,1660 (GVF) 575 1679/7 1519 Manville 84 (EF) 577 1681 1522 Norweb 449 EF 579 1682/1 233 (GEF) 1523 Spink 139, 580 1683 1523 Bole 1,1664 (GVF) 581 1684

Provenance Hamilton 117( EF) Bole 1, 1655 (VF) Spink 139,230 (GEF) SNC 2001,0853 (VF) Manville 82 (EF) Bole 1,1659 (GVF) DNW 111,29 (VAS) Bole 1,1663 (GVF) SNC 2004, 6235(EF) DNW 75,368(GEF)

CHARLES II – UNDATED MAUNDY 2167 C 583 Type 2271 C 585 1d AVSPCE Spink 154 79 (VF) Type 2168 D 587 1d Type D Spink 1241790 (GVF) Spink 154 80 (EF) Type 2169 F 589 1d Type F DNW 75,370(GVF) Type 2365 B - 4, 3, 2 & 1d 1840 4d Type B 592 3d Type B

(Old ESC) 1513 1514 1515A 1516A 1517 1518A 1520 1521 1523 1524

Type

1677 1678 8/7 1679 1680 B/R 1682 2/1 1684

CHARLES II – MILLED MAUNDY SETS – TYPE C - DATED 2366 SNC 2009, 8938 (VF) 594 1671 SNC 2002, 4432 (EF) SNC 2008 8555 (GVF) 2368 596 1673 SNC 2005,6615 (GVF) SNC 2005,6617 (NEF) 2370 598 1675 SNC 2005,6618 (GVF) 2372 ,8351(GF) 600 1677 SNC 2005,6620(GVF) SNC 2007 2374 SNC 2005, 6621 (EF) 602 1679 SNC 2005,6622 (EF) 6621 (GVF) 2376 (SNC2001,0283 (VF)) SNC 2005 604 1681 2378 Spink 200,383 (VF) 606 1683 Spink 183 131 (VF) 2380 Spink 124,1798 (AEF) CHARLES II – MAUNDY GROATS – TYPE C 1841 (SNC 2001, MS1313 (AVF) 609 1671 (SNC 2001, 1315 (GF)) 1843 (SNC 2001, MS1316 (NF)) 611 1673 (SNC 2001, MS1317 (VF)) 1845 613 1674 SNC 2005 6617 (NEF) 1845B 615 4/6 1846 Spink 200,376 (GVF) 617 1675/4 SNC 2005,6618 (VF) (SNC 2001, MS1320 (AVF)) 1847 619 1676 7/6 1847B 621 1847D 623 1848 SNC 2006,7200 (EF) 625 1678 1850 (SNC 2001, MS1322 (VF)) 627 1678/6 (SNC2006,7200 (GVF)) 1851 629 1851B 631 (SNC 2006,7203 (VF)) 1852 (SNC 2001, MS1326 (VF) 633 1681 (SNC 2001, MS1327 (F) 1853A 635 1681/0 (SNC 2001, 1328 (GF)) 1855 (SNC 2003, 4974 (Fr-F) 637 1682/1 1856A (SNC2006,7203 (VF)) 639 1683 1858 641 1684/3 SNC 1998,7234 (VF) (SNC 2003, 4972 (F))

594

2271A 2272 2273

1958

2367 2369 2371 2373 2375 2377 2379

1842 1844 1845A 1845C 1846A 1847A 1847C 1847E 1849 1850A 1851A 1851C 1853 1854 1856 1857 1859

PROVENANCES ESC 642 644 646 647 649 651 653 656 657 659 660 662 664 666 668 670 672 673

Variety 1670 1671 1671 1672/1 1674 1675 1676 1676 4d fla 1677 1678 large 1679

675 677 679 681 683 685 687 689 691 693 695 697 699 701 703 705

1668 1671 1672 1674 1675 1677 1678

ESC 706 708 710 712 714 716 718 719

CHARLES II – MAUNDY THREEPENCES (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety Provenance (SNC 2001, MS1398 (AVF)) 1959 (SNC2006,7268 (GF)) 643 1671 1961A 645 1671 (SNC 2001, MS 1400 (GF))

1962

(SNC 2001, MS 1402 (GF))

1964

Spink 200,376 (GVF)

1965

(SNC 2001, MS 1404 (GF))

1966

(SNC 1973, 9004 (AEF))

1967

(SNC 2001, MS 1406 (F))

1968

SNC 2006,7234 (NEF)

1679 HIB/FRA

DEI 1680 1681 1682/1 1683 1683/2 No stop DEI

Variety 1670 1671 1673 1674 1675 1675 1676 1677

1970 1971A 1972A

(SNC 1977,13407 (AEF))

1973

(SNC2006,7235 (GF))

1975

(SNC 2001, MS 1413(F))

1977

Large 4d flan

CAROLVS II·

1961

648 650 652 654 655 658

1673 1674 7/4 1675/4 1676/5 1676 ERA 1678

661 663 665 667 669 671

1679

674

1684/3

(SNC 2001, MS1401 (GF))

1963

SNC 2005,6617 (NEF) SNC 2005,6618 (GVF)

1964A

(SNC 2003, 5016 (F)

1966A

(SNC 2001, MS 1405 (VF))

1967

6621 (EF)

1969

SNC 2005,

1965

1969A

Double 6/6

1684

1960

1961B

Broken die

1681 1682 1683

(Old ESC)

O/A 1680

P.C.(M. Lew.)(GF))

1971

(SNC 2001, MS 1411 (VF))

1972

Cracked die

1972B

1681/0 1682/1 Large 3

1974 1976 1997A

1977B (SNC 1977,13410 (AVF))

1978

SNC 1998,7234 (VF)

CHARLES II – MAUNDY HALFGROATS 2170 (SNC 2001, MS1491 (VF)) 676 1670 (SNC 2001, MS1492 (AVF)) 2172 678 1672/1 DNW 114 1385(EF) 2173A (SNC 2001, MS1494 (VF)) 680 1673 (SNC 2003, 5128 (Poor)) 2175 682 1674 7/4 SNC 2005,6617 (NEF) 2176 (SNC 2001, MS1496(F)) Spink 200,376 (GVF) 684 1676 (SNC 2001, MS1497(VF)) 2178 CAROLVS II· 686 2179 (Not traced) 688 1678/6 SNC 2005,6621 (EF) 2180A (SNC 2001, MS1499 (F)) 690 1679 HIB/FRA SNC 2006,7271 (GVF) 2181A 692 2181C Large flan 694 843,G302(GF) 2182 (SNC 2006,7272 (VF)) SCMB 696 1680/79 (SNC 2006,7273 (GVF)) 2184 698 1682 (Not traced) (SCMB843,G304(F)) 2186 (SNC 2001, MS1504 (GVF)) 700 ERA 2188 (Not traced) 702 1683/1 (SNC 2001, MS1505 (GVF)) 2189 704 1684 (SNC 2001, MS1490 (VF))

1979

2171 2173 2174 2175A 2177 2178A 2180 2181 2181B 2181D 2183 2185 2187 2189A 2190

2190A

CHARLES II – MAUNDY PENNIES (Old ESC) ESC Variety Provenance (SNC 2001, MS1619 (VF)) 2274 Blundered 707 0 (SNC 2001, MS1620 (VF)) 2275 709 1672/1 (SNC 2001, MS1622(GVF)) 2277 711 1674 2005,6617 (NEF) 2279 SNC 713 1674 2280 Spink 200,376 (GVF) 715 1675 ERA 2280B 717 1676 2281A 719 1677 (SNC 2001, MS1625(GVF)) 2282 1677 RATIA 720

(Old ESC)

Provenance

2274A

SNC 2010 9388 (F)

2276 2278 2279A

SNC2005,6618 (GVF)

2280A

(SNC 2001, MS1624 (F))

2281

S&B Coins

2283

2282 G395 (AEF)

(continued) 595

PROVENANCES ESC 721 723 725 727 729 731 733 735 737

Variety RE·X 1678

740 742 743 745 747

1686

Provenance

(Old ESC) 2283A

SNC 2005,6621 (EF)

2285

No stop DEI

2286A

1680 1682

2287A 2289 2289B 2291

1683 1683/2 1684/3

2291A 2292A

ESC 722 724 726 728 730 732 734 736 738

Variety 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682/1 1682 ERA

(Old ESC)

Provenance

2284 (SNC 2001, MS1627 (F))

2286

(SNC 2001, MS1628(VF))

2287 2288 2289 2289A

CAROLVS

2291

1684

2292

CAROLVS

2292B

1688/7 4th

JAMES II - CROWNS 76 741 1686No stop 743 1687 3rd 78 Barr 251 (AEF) 744 1687 3rd (EF) 79A Hamilton 131 746 1688 4th xxx GRATI Glens 1962/10/4, 43(EF) 81

Spink 170, 596 (EF) Slaney 143 (VAS) Norweb 228 Roekel 142 (GEF)

ESC 748 750 752 753 755 757 759

Variety 1687 1st 1686/52nd 1686 V/S 1687 3rd 1687 6/8 1687 A/R 1688 4th

JAMES II - HALFCROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 493 (EF) 749 1688 2nd M.R. 11/101 495 751 1686 3rd DNW 71254 (AEF) 496A (EF) xxx 1686 V/B Adams 369 498 Adams 372 (EF) 754 1687/6 499A 756 1687 Bust 2 Adams 374 (F) 500A? GVF 758 1687 P Adams 376 502 Adams 378 (GVF)

Provenance M.R. 11/102 (EF) Adams 368 (VF) Hamilton 137 (EF) Adams 373 (VF) DNW 59 65 (EF) (Not traced)

760 762 763 765 767 768 769 770 771

1685

773 773 774 776 777 779

2nd

1687 Rev. Sm edge leters

1685 No stops

Rev. B 1686 1686/5 1687 1687/6 1687/6G/A 1688 1686 1686 ES 1686 8/6 1687/6 ES Late shields

1687/6 LS

Slaney 142 (EF)

JAMES II - SHILLINGS 1685 Lge star 1068 761 M.R. 22/135 (EF) 1069 (EF) M.R. 22/135 1069A 764 1686 E/T Spink 139,238 (Fr) 5466A(GEF 1070 SNC 2003 766 V/S 1070B Spink 139,240 (GVF) 768 1687 1071 PC (RF/NP) (VF) 769 Rev. A 1072 769 1687/6 PC (RF/NP) (EF) 1072A 770 1687/6G/A PC (RF/NP) (EF) (GVF) 1073 Hamilton 146 772 1688/7 JAMES II - SIXPENCES 1525 773 Rev. A M.R. 6/248 (UNC) 5558 (Mint) 1525 SNC 2003, 1525a Spink 139 248 (NEF) 775 1687 ES 1526a Spink 145,2567 (EF) 777 Rev. B 1526b 778 1687 L/E Norweb 229 (VAS) 1527 (Not traced) 780 1688 B/R

596

(Glens 15/1974,20(F))

SNC1999/4 1548(F) Spink 215, 293 (GVF) SPINK 217 761 (Hamilton 144 (VF)

0797

SNC 2001, M.R. 22/140 (EF) M.R. 22/140 (EF) Spink 139 245 (NEF)

77 78 79 80 80A

(Old ESC) 494 496 497 499 500 501

1068A

1070C 1070A 1071 1072 1072 1072A 1074

M.R. 11/103 (EF)

1525

Hamilton 149 (EF) Bole 1,1668 (GVF) DNW 59 72 (VAS) Manville 110 (EF)

1526 1526B 1526C 1528

PROVENANCES ESC 781 783

Variety 1686 1688

JAMES II - MAUNDY SETS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 2381 Spink 124,1799 (VAS) 782 1687 2383 SNC 2006,7803(VF)

784 786 788 790

1686 1687/6 3d die 1688 1/8

JAMES II - MAUNDY GROATS 1860 785 1686 1862 787 1688 SNC 2005, 6628 (VF) 1863A No stop 789 FRA SNC 2001, 1337 (AVF) 1863C 791 1688/7

792 794 796 798 800 802

1685 Rev

sideways

o 1687

Small

2.4 diam

1688

(SNC 2001, 1334 (VF))

(SNC 2001, MS1423 (F))

2382

1861

1863B (Spink 200,383 (NVF))

1864

1980A 1981 1981B 1983 1984

1985

JAMES II - MAUNDY HALFGROATS 2191 ESC 2191 804 Small o (SNC 2001, MS1509 (Fr-F)) 2192 806 1687 2193A 808 ERA SNC 2005, 6628 (VF) 2195 S&B Coins G397(AEF)

810 812 814 816

1685 E/I REX 1687/8 1688/7

JAMES II - MAUNDY PENNIES 2293 811 1686 2294A 813 1687 2295A 815 7/6 SNC 2005, 6628 (VF) 2297 SJA 12, 803 (VF)

820 821 823 825

1691 I/E 1691 I/E 1692/2 4th 1692 5th

WILLIAM & MARY - CROWNS 82 Barr 252 (AEF) 820 1691 3rd 82B? 822 1692 Spink 214 686 (GVF) 84 SNC 2002, 4289 (EF) 824 1692/2 5th 85A 1692/25th G/R Does this exist? 825

XX XX 826 828 830 832 834 836 838 839 841

crowns Obv. A 1689 1st 1689 1st 1689 1st Inverted N 1689 1st

1889 No stop

(Old ESC)

1863

JAMES II - MAUNDY THREEPENCES 1980 793 1685 1980B (SNC 2001, MS1417 (EF)) 795 1686 1981A (SNC 2001, MS1418 (GF)) 797 1686 mule (SNC 2001, MS1419 (VF)) 1982 799 1687/6 SNC 2005, 6628 (VF) 1983A (SNC 2001, MS1421 (F)) 801 1688

1686 VforA 1687/8 1688/7

Obv. B 1689 1st

(Not traced)

(SNC 2001, MS1415 (AEF))

803 805 807 809

No stops obv

Provenance DNW 111,583 (VF+)

(SNC 2001, MS1629 (AVF))

WILLIAM & MARY - HALFCROWNS XX Shields PC (M. Bull) 510 XX Rev. 1 DNW86,702 (GEF) 503 Adams 379 (EF) 827 1689 L/M 503B Adams 383 (NVF) 829 1689 FRA (NEF) 504 Adams 384 831 1689 1st 505A 833 1689 V/A 506 Adams 387 (GVF) 835 1689 1st 507A (GF) 837 1689 1st Adams 390 509 838 Rev. 2 Adams 393(GVF) 510 Inverted DNW 86,702 (GEF) 840 N Defined caul PC (M.Lewendon) (VF) 842 597

2191A (SNC 2001, MS1510 (GVF))

2193 2193B

(SNC 2001, MS1630(EF))

2294

(SNC 2001, 1632 (VF))

2295 2295B

Roekel 145 (GEF) Spink 140,906 (EF) M.R. 11/105 (EF) M.R. 17, 339 (VF)

82 83 85 85A

PC (M. Bull) PC (M. Bull) 503A Bull NEF Adams382 507B Bull NEF Adams391 505 Adams 385 (VF) 505B Adams 386 (EF) 507 Adams 388 (NEF) (GVF) 508 Adams 392 509 Adams 393(GVF) PC (M.Lewendon) (VF) PC (M.Lewendon) (GVF) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 843 845 847 848 850 851 853 855 857 859 861

863 865 866 868 XX

Provenance Adams 396 (Fr-F) Adams 397 (GVF) Adams 401 (VF) Adams 402 GVF SNC 2007,041 (GEF)

(Old ESC)

Inv edge error

(Bald Argentum June 2006)

516A

1692 4th 1692 5th 1693/3 F/E in FRA 1693 5th

Manville 118 (EF) Adams 407 (NVF) Manville 119VAS

517

Variety 1689 1st 1689 1st 1690 2nd GRETIA + V/S

1691

Ob.

C

1692 1692 GRAT/TI A

Obv. 1693 9/0

869 870

1693 Inverted

872 874 876

1689 1692 1694

ESC 877 878 880 882 884 886 888 889 xxx 892 894 896 898 900

Variety 1689 Ob/rev A

3

1689 G 1691 1694 small lets

GV MAR·IA Small lets o/r

1692 Lg let 1693/2 1694 Sm

Adams 408 (EF)

510B 511 513 514A 516

518 521 521B 519

ESC 844 846 848 849 850 852 854 856 858 860 862 XXX

Variety

Provenance

Int fros. no pls

(Not traced)

1689 1st 1690 V/A 1690 3rd 1691 Rv. 3 No stop BR 1692 R/G 1693/3

Adams 399 (VF) Bull (VF) Adams402 Adams 403 (EF) Adams 404(NEF)

No

stp

WILLIAM & MARY - SHILLINGS 1075 Inverted M.R. 22, 142 (GEF) 864 1 1075B RE/ETin REX M.R. 22, 142 (GEF) 865 (Rasmussen 22/143(GF) ) 1075C No stop 867 BR 1076 M.R. 22, 142 (GEF) 868 1693 1076A XXX E/T M.R. 22, 145 (AEF WILLIAM & MARY - SIXPENCES 1529 869 1693 Manville 122 (EF) 1530 871 1694 WILLIAM & MARY - SETS 2384 SNC 2005,6629(EF) 873 1691 6945(GVF) 2386 SNC 2005, 875 1693 2388 Spink 214,794 (GVF) WILLIAM & MARY - GROATS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety (NVF) 1865 SJA 8, 264 878 1689 G 1866 879 ·G Spink 214, 794 Berries wreath 881 1341 (VF) 1868A SNC 2001 883 1690 885 1690 6/5 (SNC 2001, MS1346 (GF)) 1870 887 1691/0 1878A 889 1692 1872 890 1692/1 Spink/Sby 3440 1873A 891 MΛRIA SNC 2001, 1349 (F) 893 895 1875 SNC 2006 7205 (NEF) 897 1693 (SNC 2001, MS1351 (AVF)) 1877 899 1694 (SNC 2001, 1352 (AVF)) 1878A 901 MΛRIA

598

510A 512 514 515 516 516B

Adams 406 (VF) Adams 410 NVF

GRATIA

˙REX 1693 FR/A Dates

(Old ESC)

517A 520 521A 519A

Adams 409 (VF) P.C.(M.Bull)

519A?

1075A

M.R. 22, 142 (GEF)

1075B

M.R. 22, 144 (AEF) DNW 102, 2542

1076

Hamilton177 (Mint) DNW 59 88 (VAS)

1076A

1529 1531

SNC 2011,9794 (GVF)

2385

(Spink 200,392 VF))

2387

Provenance SNC 2006, 7204 (F) SJA 21, 226 (AEF)

SJA 5, 365 SNC 2001,1343 (EF) SNC 2001,1347 (EF) SNC 2001,1348 GEF) SNC 2001, 1349, (F)

(Old ESC) 1866 1867 1868 1869 1869A 1871 1872 1873 1874

1876 1878 (SNC 2001, 1355 (F))

1879

PROVENANCES ESC 902

Variety 1689Roman

909-15

917 921 ESC 923 927 930 934 936 938 940 942

1689 1689No stps Variety 1690 1691 1692 G 1692 GVL 1693/2

943 945 947

1689 1691 1692 1693 GV 1694 1684/3G/D 1694 HI MARLA

951 955 959 961

1694 1694 GVL

WILLIAM & MARY - THREEPENCES (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety Provenance 1986 903-908 SJA 8, 264 (NVF) Arabic 916 1 DNW 79 3079 (EF) (SNC 2001, MS1424 (GVF)) 1987 LMV/LVS 918 SNC 2006, 7236 (GF) (SNC 2001, MS 1426 (EF)) 1988 LMV/LVS London coins 2014, 16290 918 (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety Provenance (SNC 2001, MS1427 (EF)) 1989 1691 no ties 926 (SNC 2001, MS1430 (F)) 1990 928 1691 type B (SNC 2001, MS1431(AVF)) (SNC 2001, MS1433 (F)) 1991 (SNC 2001, MS1434 (F)) 931 1692 GV 1993 G 935 1693 (SNC 2001, MS1435 (GVF)) 1994A 937 1693 GV 939 1694 G SNC 1994, 5897 (SNC 2001, MS1437 (Fr-F)) 1997 941 1694 GV

(Old ESC)

1986A 1987A 1987A (Old ESC)

1990A 1992 1994 1995 1996 1998

1999

WILLIAM & MARY - HALF GROATS 2196 Blundered leg. 944 (SNC 2001, MS1513 (GVF)) 2197 946 (SNC 2001, MS1515 (GF)) 2198 948 1693 2200 949 1693/2 2201 952 1694/3 (SNC 2001, MS1518 (F)) 2201B 954 1694 GVLI 2203 958 1694 GVL 2205 SNC 2003, 5672 (EF) 960 (SNC 2001, MS1512 (AEF))

WILLIAM & MARY - PENNIES 962 1689 GVIELMVS 964 971 1691/0

1 not visible

965-70

2196A

2199 (SNC 2001, MS1517 (AEF))

2200A 2201A 2202

(SNC 2001, MS1519 (VF))

2204

Spink/Sby 3444 SJA 1 494 (GVF)

2298 2299

(SNC 2001, MS1638 (GVF))

2301

B

Spink/Sby 3445

2300

1693

S&B Coins

2304

972-4

975 976 978 980 982 984 986

1690 1692 1692/1

990 992 994 995 996 998 1000 1002 1004

1695

1694 No stops 1694/6 7th

1695 OCAVO

1695 PPln 1696 Rev. 1 No stops

G/D

1696/5 1696 GEI 96

OCCTAVO

1696 8th

SNC 2001, 1637(EF) SNC 2005,6945(GVF)

2300 2302 2303

2305

SJA 21, 736

2306

975 977 979 981 983 985

1694

HI

G400 (AEF)

SNC 2006 7245 (GVF)

2306A

2306B

WILLIAM III - CROWNS 86 SNC 20022729(Mint) 991 1695 8th 87B 1695 OCTAO 993 88 Norweb 997 VAS 995 A 1696 No stops 89 996 Spk/Sby 3470 (VAS) 89C G/D unbard. A 530 (EF) 997 DNW 90, 90 999 Roekel 156 (GVF) 91 Roekel 157(GVF/EF) 1001 1003 1696P Pln 94 1004 1696 8th Norweb 474 VAS

(Lingford 411 (VF))

599

SNC 2002 2732(Mint)

87

(Spink 1973, 7831 (VAS))

87C

Spk/Sby 3470 (VAS)

89

Barr 255

(F)

89A 89B

92 Willis 418 (AFDC) 94 Norweb 474 VAS (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 1005 1007 1009 1011 1013 1014 1016 1018 1020 1022 1024 1026 1028 1030 1032 1033 1035 1037 1038 1040 1042 1043 1045 1047 1049 1051 1102 1053 1055 1057 1059 1061 1062

Variety

(Old ESC)

Provenance

No stops Obv TRICESIMO 9th

1697 1700 Rev. 3 Pat. 2 1696 8th 1696 8th 1696piedfor 1696 8th 1697/6 1697

V/A

GVLIELMVS Pln

1697 P Rev. 5i 1698/7 1699 11th 1699 11th

Inverted lion

1700 A/V 1700 13th 1701 13th No stops Taller E & C

Bust 2 1696B Obv 1696B Rev 1696B

REGNE

1696 rev 4 1697B? No stops rev

1696 rev 1 1064 1065 1067

1696C 8th 1696C 8th

1069 1071 1073

SS-EH 8th 1696E 8th 1697E 9th

94A (EF)

Roekel 160 Manville 130(GEF) Spk/Sby 3471 (NEF)

96 98 93A

ESC 1006 1008 1010 1012 xxxx

Variety No stops Rev

1696P Pln 1700 12th Pat. 1 1696 P2 Electro

Provenance P.C. (M.S.) Roekel 159 (VAS) Roekel 161/2(Mint) ESC B2 Spink 117 139 (BM)

WILLIAM III - HALFCROWNS – LONDON 534 A inv DECVS SNC2007,046 (VAS) 1015 M.R. 6, 257 (GEF) 522 Adams 412 (NEF) 1017 1696 P Pln Adams 414 (FDC) 96 P Pln Montgu 929 20.403g 523A 1019 Thk 530 Adams 423 (GVF) 1021 1697 9th Adams 439 (GVF) 1023 PC (M. Lewendon) 1697 M/M 541A Adams 447 GF) 1025 GRR Adams 448 (Fr) 1027 1697 9th Adams 438 (VF) 541D 1029 M·AG Adams 443 GF) 541F? Adams 445(GVF) 1031 MAG/A Adams 446 (F) (FDC) 542 8th Adams 450 1033 1698 Adams 472 (VF) 553 1034 1698 10th SNC 2007049(VAS Bull 554A 1036 1698 11th Adams 476 (VF) Adams 475 (Fair) 138 (EF) 556 11th Manville 1038 1699 Adams 478 (F) 557A Adams 479 (VF) 1039 Scot arms 1041 Adams 480 (F) 560 1043 1700 12th Spink 140, 624 (F) Manville 139 561A 1044 1700 13th Adams 484 (EF) 563 Adams 485 (VF) 1046 1701 13th Adams 486 (EF) 564A Adams 487 (VF) 1048 E/N DECVS 565 1050 1701 El Cas Hamilton 223 (AF) Adams 488 NVF 566A? Adams 489 (F) 1052 1701 Plunes Manville 142 (F+) 540 ESC 540 WILLIAM III - HALFCROWNS – BRISTOL 535 Adams 430 (NEF) 1054 1696B P Spink 140619(FDC 535A Adams 431(Pr-Fr) 1056 1696B 8th Adams 415 (VF) (GVF) piedfor M.R. 25, 115 1058 1696 530A 1060 1697B 9th Adams 451 (VAS) 543A Spink 140 620 (FDC) 1061 1697 Proof Spink 65,1074 (VF) 544 No strings Adams 453 (GF) 1063 Bull

(Old ESC)

93

534A 523 523B 541

541B 541C 541E 541G 553 554 555 557

559 561 562 564 564B 566 567

535B 524 524A 543 543A

535C

WILLIAM III - HALFCROWNS - CHESTER 536 Adams 432 (VF) Chester c Adams 432(NVF) 525 1066 1696C 8th Adams 424 (GF) Adams 417 (VF) 1068 1697C 9th Norweb 236 (EF) WILLIAM III - HALFCROWNS – EXETER 537 1070 1696E 8th Adams 418 (VF) 532 Adams 426 (VF) 1072 1696E 9th Adams 427 (F) 546 Adams 456 (F) 1074 1697E 9th M.R. 6, 260 (EF)

525A 531 545

526 532A 547

(continued) 600

PROVENANCES ESC 1075 1077 1079 1081

Variety

1697E/B

1083 1085 1087 1089 1091 1093

1696N 8th

1094 1096 1098 1100

1696У 8th

1696 med shld

Normal

N 1697N 9th HIB·

MAG FRA

1696У/E 1697У 9th

1103 1105 1107 1109 1110 1112 1114 1116

1695 1696no stps 1696piedfor 2nd V/A 1st V/A

1118 1119 1121 1123 1124 1126 1128 1130 1132 1134 1136 1138

E-I-F-S

1139 1140 1141 1143 1145 1147

1669 error 2nd Bust Irish shield 2nd

V/A

GVLELMVS

E/A in DEI 1697 copper Large lettering

1697 3var No stops rev

1698 3var 1698 Plume 4th Ob x2 1698 No stp 1698 P Pln 1698 Flame 1698piedfor 1699

Provenance

Adams 462 (GVF)

(Old ESC)

548C

ESC 1076 1078 1080 1082

Variety Inverted A 1697E/C 1697E/B 1697E 9th

Provenance Adams 463(GVF) Adams 460 (F) Adams 461(GVF) Adams 463 (P-Fr)

WILLIAM III – HALFCROWNS – NORWICH 1696 Small 538 1084 N Adams 434 NVF Manville 132 (EF) (Spink 3, Manville 195) 538B 1086 1088 1696 rev 3 (Not traced) 533 (Not traced) 1090 1697N 8th Adams 464 (GF) 550 Scot arms date Adams 465 (GVF) 1092 Adams 467 (F) 550B Adams 466 (F) WILLIAM III – HALFCROWNS – YORK 539 Adams 437 (NVF) 1095 1696У 8th Adams 419 GEF 528B 1097 (Not traced) 529 Adams 421 (GF) 1099 1697У 8th Adams 468 (NVF) 551 Manville 136 (EF) 1102 1697Lg shld (Glens15/1974, 168(NVF)

(Old ESC) 547A? 548 548B 548D?

538A?

527 549 550A

528 528A 550B 552

WILLIAM III - SHILLINGS – LONDON 1077 1078 1104 1696 DNW 90,534 (GEF) M.R. 22, 146 (EF) 1078A 1078B 1106 1044 Spink 140 626 (AF) 1079 GVLIEMVS 1080 SNC 1977, 357 (VF) 1108 SNC 2001, 0799(VF) 1080A 1080A SNC 2001, 2382 (F) 1109 1696 A/V Colon 1080B 1080A? 1111 SNC 1993, 7234 1113 1080D 1115 1696 copper Spink140637(VAS) Hamiltn 228 Fr) 1088A 1088A 1116 2nd Bust Spink 139 257 (VF) PC(RF/NP)257 (VF) 1091 1117 1697 Bust 1 Hamilton 239 1091A 1091A SNC 2001, 1963 (GF) 1118 E-I-F-S PC(RF/NP) GVF 1091B 1091C 1120 1697 L/E SNC 1995, 3485(EF) No stops rev 1092 SNC 2001, 0802(Fr-F) 1091D 1122 M.R. 22,156 (AEF) GVLELMVS 1093 1093 1123 SNC 2000, 2389 (GF) PC (RF/NP) (GF) 1697 1094 1094A 1125 GRI SNC 2001, 0803 (F) M.R. 22,155(EF) 1102 Spink140 639 (GF) 1127 1697 Bust 3 M.R. 22,163(EF) 1129 1102A 1131 1108 1108A Spink 139 260 (GEF) 1133 16973rd bst 1108B nd 1108C? 5890 1135 2 L/M SNC 1997, 1112 1113 1137 1698 P Pln SNC 2000, 224 (GEF) M.R. 22, 172 (EF) 1114 4th Obv M.R. 22, 173 (EF) Kent 164 4th Rev Kent 164 Kent 164 1115B (SNC 1987, 1419) 1115A 1140 1698 P M.R. 22/175 (EF) 156 (EF) 1115 1115A (RF/NP) (VAS) 1141 1698 Manville PC 1116 1115 1142 1699 Bust 4 Norweb 999 (EF) Norweb 239(VAS) 1116A (RF/NP) (VAS) 1144 PC 1117 1118 Hamilton 260 EF 1146 1699 P Pln Spink 140 636 (VAS) 1120 1148 1699 Roses M.R. 22/179 (VF) (continued) 601

PROVENANCES ESC 1149 1151 1153 1155 1157 1200 1302 1304

Variety Plumes sm lion

1700 sm o No stops tall 0

1701 1701Plumes 1699 Pat 1696P 2nd 1696P 3rd

Provenance M.R. 22, 178 (AEF) SNC 2003,5473 (VAS) M.R. 22/181 DNW 79,3093 (EF) Norweb 482 (EF) (Not traced)

(Old ESC) 1119 1121A 1122A 1124

ESC 1150 1152 1154 1156

1125 1127

1303

Variety Large letters

3rd Bust v 1700 Plume 5th Obv 5th Rev. 1697P 2nd

Provenance SNC2010,9209VAS M.R. 22/181GEF Manville 265

WILLIAM III - SHILLINGS – BRISTOL 1081 1159 REx M.R. 22/148 (GEF 1161 1697B SNC 2011,9718 (EF) 1103 DNW 102 2554 1103A 1164 1697 3var M.R. 22, 170 (AEF)

1696B Lge G MAG 3rd B

1165 1167 1169 1171 1173 1174 1175 1177 1179

1696C 1696 Ppied Mule? 1696C E-I-F-S 1697C Scot arms 1697 3var

WILLIAM III - SHILLINGS – CHESTER 1082 1166 R/Vin GRA SNC 2004, 6175 (EF) M.R. 22/149 (GVF 1083 1168 1697 C Glen.15/1974,315(EF) 1170 1697Cno st SNC 2000, 2391 (VF) 1089 Hamilton 237 (EF) 1172 3rd C Spink/Sby 3507 1097 0805 1174 E-I-F-S Hamilton 243 (AF) SNC 2001 1104 M.R. 22/164 (EF) 1176 FR·A·ET 1104B 1178 3rd C, var M.R. 22/171 (GVF) AVF 1111 Hamilton 255

1180 1181 1183

1696E 1st 1696Emule 3rd E

WILLIAM III - SHILLINGS - EXETER 1084 Hamilton 231 (EF) 1181 1696E 3rd Spink 124,1888 (F) 1089A SNC 1993 6250 (GF) 1182 1697E Manville 150 (AEF) 1105 1183 1697E Spink 145,2493 (GEF) M.R. 22/165 (EF

1184 1186 1188

No stops Obv

1696N 1696N

1189 1190 1192 1194 1196 1198

1696Y 1696Y/Y

1201 1202 1202

1695 1696 Bust 1 1st B x 2

1697Y 1697У France↔Irelan

WILLIAM III - SHILLINGS - NORWICH 1085 1185 1697N SNC 2000,0095 (NVF) Slaney 157(GEF) 1187 Small 7 1106 Hamilton 233 (VF) WILLIAM III - SHILLINGS - YORK 1190 1696Y/Y SNC 2004 6167 (GEF) 1087 1088 1191 1st У PC (RF/NP) (AVF) 1193 1696У 1101 Double obv. Spink 145,2491 (VF) 1195 P Scot↔Ireland 1100 1197 M.R. 22, 161 (AEF) 1100a 1199 1697Y

1121 1122 1123

Montagu 933 Montagu 933

1158 1160 1162 1163

Sm lettering

(Old ESC)

Hamilton 23 6 (AVF) Manville 146 (EF) Hamilton 238 NF Spink 140 625 (VF)

1095

1109

1082A 1096 1104A

1097 1104C 1110

1089A 1098 1105

1099

1088 1086 1090 1101A 1100B

DNW 86,723 (GVF)

1107

WILLIAM III - SIXPENCES – LONDON 1532 1533B Bole 1,1672 (GVF) 1202 D/I in DEI 1533 1533 107 (Mint) (GEF) 1202 Rev. 1 DNW 76, Bole 1,1674 1533 1203 DNW 891957 (VAS) (continued) 602

PROVENANCES ESC 1204 1205 XXX 1208 1209 1210 1211 1213 1214 1216 1217 1217 1218

Variety No stops obv 1696 DFI

2GVLIEMVS 1696PHevy 1696 P CU 1696 4 Scot. at date lion inverted 1696 2a Bust 2a GVLELMVS Pattern

1219 1219 1221 1222 1223 1224 1226 1228 1229 1230 1232 1234 1236 1238 1240 1242 1244 1245 1247 1249 1251 1253 1254 1255 1257 1259 1261 1263 1264 1266

Provenance

2b Rev. 3 1697 L S 1/- flan 1697 transp 1697 Pattern 2d GR/DE 1697 1st V/A 2nd V/A

, 239(NVF)

SNC 2000 DNW 91, 122 Bole 1,1676 (NVF) Bole 1,1677 (NVF) Norweb 1509 (EF ) Bole 1,1678 (NEF) Bole 3,102 (GF) Bole 1,1687 (AEF) Norweb 483 DNW 89, 2137 M.R. 23/94 DNW 86,729 (GEF) DNW 89, 1690 SNC 2010,9076 (F) Hamilton 286 (VF) SCMB 1954

(Old ESC)

ESC

Variety

Provenance

1533A

1205 1207 1208

No stops rev

(P.C )

1534D

1534A 1534 1543

1534B 1545 1550 1550 1551

1552 1552

1552A 1552B 1564

Spink 140 Bole 1,1698 (EF) (SNC 2001,1077 (Poor))

1565 1565B 1565A 1566A

1697 Bust 3 1697 Bust 3 D/E in DEI 1697 G/I 1698Plumes 1699Plumes 1669 Roses st

1 V/A 1700Plume 1st B 3rd B/E No stops obv.

1696B 1697B B/E M·AG 1697B

SNC 2010,9080 (VF) Spink 46 283 (VAS)

1566B 1567 1567A

2001,0863 (EF)

SNC Manville 179 (GEF) Norweb 241 VAS DNW 86,732 (NVF) 1705 (VAS)

Bole 1, Spink/Sby 3548 (EF)

1215 1216 1217 1217 1218 1219 1220 1222 1222 1223 1225

1550?

1564A 649 (EF)

1210 1212

1576C 1575 1577 1578A

1579A

1696/5 L/M E/R 1696 P CU 5 French date 1696 1696 Pattern 2c GVLELMVS

1696 L E Rev. 3 Shilling flan

1697 Rev transpos 8 No stop

(Old ESC)

1533A (NEF)

1534?

Spink 140,640 (VF)

1534

Spink/Sby 3520 Spink 46 270 (GVF) Norweb 483 VF SCMB 1954 DNW 89, 2137 Bole 3,96 (NEF) M.R. 23/94

1534C

1690 DNW 89,

Bole Bole 1,1690 (AVF) Bole 3,108 (GF)

Thick flan

1227 1229 1230 1231 1233 1235 1237 1239 1241 1243 1244 1246 1248 1250 1252

1580

GVLELMVS

1534

Bole 1,1673 Bole 96 DNW 91,

1545 1550 1550? 1551

1552 1553 1552A 1552A 1552B 1564B 1545A

1565

G/I

Bole 2, 137 (VF+) Bole 1,1697 (AVF)

Rev. 2

DNW891958 (VAS)

1566

1697 Bust 3

Bole 2, 139 (VAS)

1566C

G/D in GRS 1698 7 Plumes 1699 Roses 1699 1700 Bust 3 1701

1565B

1567B 83 (EF)

DNW 111, DNW 86, 731 Spink 139 288 (EF) Hamilton 299 Mint DNW 111,85 (VAS) Hamilton 302(VAS)

1574 1575 1578 1576 1579 1581

VLIEMVS

WILLIAM III - SIXPENCES – BRISTOL 1535 1254 1696B Bole 1,1680 (GVF) Norweb 240 VAS 684 (AEF) 1535A LL DNW 71, 1256 1696B 1546A 1258 1696B Hamilton 276 (EF) (SNC2006,7817 (AVF)) 1548 1260 1555 1262 1697↑↑ Norweb 483VAS 1555A? SNC 2011,9733 (VF) 1263 1697 B/E DNW 111,81 (AEF) 1555C Inverted lion 1265 Bole 3,110 (VF+) 1568 Bole 1,1699 (VF+) 1267 1697 B/E

603

1535 1546 1547

1555A

1568A

PROVENANCES Variety 1696C E L 1697C L L

WILLIAM III - SIXPENCES – CHESTER (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety Provenance 1536 Bole 1,1682 (GVF) 1269 1696C L S Bole 3,103 (AVF) 1556 1271 1697C DNW 111,82 (GEF) 1557B? No stps MAG Bole 1,1692 (AEF) 1273 1558 1274 1st C Bole 1,1693 (AEF) DNW 89, 1693 1569 Spink 46 287 (EF) 1276 1697C Spink 46 288 (EF) 1570 Bole 1,1700 (GVF)

ESC 1268 1270 1272 1274 1275 1276

6 Irish at date 1697C 1697C

1277 1279 1281 1282 1283 1285 1286

WILLIAM III - SIXPENCES – EXETER 1537 Bole 1,1683 (GVF) 1278 1696E/Y Bole 1,1689 (AEF) 1542A Bole 3,106 (NVF) 1280 1697E Spink 46 279 (GVF) 1560 Bole 1,1694 (GVF) 1282 1697E/B Spink 46 280 (AEF) 1560A 4368 SNC 1995, 1560C 1284 E/M DNW91 Bole115 E/C in GVLIELMVS 1286 1697E Bole 1,1701(AVF) (Spink 3, Manville 294) 1571 1697E 1287 1697E Bole 3,127 (VF+)

No collar

1696E 1696E E L 1 697E 1st E/B 1697 Sm 7

1288 1290 1292 1293

1696N 1697N

1294 1296 1298 1300

1st Y 1696Y 1697Ysm 7

Large lets Rev GVLIEMVS

(1696Y mule) Unbarred

H

WILLIAM III - SIXPENCES – NORWICH 1538 Spink 145,2575 (VAS) 1289 1697N Bole 1,1695 (EF) ,9078 (AEF) 1561 No stop SNC 2010 1291 BR Large lettering 1292 Bole 3,117 (NEF) 1561A Bole 3,118 (GF) 1293 1GVLIEMVS DNW 91, 118 WILLIAM III - SIXPENCES – YORK 1540 1295 No stops Slaney 168 1539 1297 1696Y SNC 2010,9074 (EF) 1562 Irish at date DNW 86,730(GVF) 1299 (Spink 3, Manville 273) 1542A 1301 1696Y 1561 Bole 1695 DNW 89,

SNC 2010,9075 (EF) Bole 1,1688 (Fair) Bole 1,1696 (GVF) SNC 2004 6241 (GEF)

(Old ESC) 1548A 1557 1557A 1558 1570

1548B 1559 1560A

1560B 1571 1572

1549

1561 1561A

1541 1542 1563 1573

1302 1304

1696 B1 1696 B2

WILLIAM III - SIXPENCES – LONDON -2nd Bust B.M. collection 1303 1697 B1 B.M. collection B.M. collection 1304 1696 B2 Bald. FPL.Wint.’14/15 BM119

1305 1307

1698 1700

WILLIAM III – MAUNDY SETS 2389 Spink 124,1800 (VAS) 1306 1699 2391 SNC 2005,6631(EF) 1308 1701

1309 1311 1313

1697 1699 Ob/rv 1700 1701 Rev

1315 1316 1318 1319

1698 Obv 1699 1701 z-type 1701 rev

Spink 183162 (VF) SNC 2005,6632(EF)

WILLIAM III - MAUNDY GROATS 1880 1310 1698 MΛG SNC 2001, 1359 (VF) 1882 (SNC 2001, MS1362 (F) 1312 1700 no stp Spink/Sby 3549 (SNC 2001, MS1361 (VF)

1883

SNC 2007 8354(GF)

1884

1314

1702

WILLIAM III - THREEPENCES 2000 1315 1698 Rev SNC 2001, 1438 (EF) (SNC 2001, MS1440 (F)) 2001 1317 1700 2003 SJA 8, 286 (NVF) 1319 1701 Rev 2004 1320 1701 GBA SNC 12, 2007 604

Baldwin 48.4398(VF) SNC 2001 1438

(SNC 2001, MS1441(AVF))

Spink/Sby 3553 Spink 1 225 (VAS)

2390 2392

1881 1883A

1885

2000 2002 2004 2003A

PROVENANCES ESC 1321 1323 1325

Variety 1698 A/1 1699 B/2 1701 B/2

WILLIAM III - HALF GROATS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 2206 1698 A/1a SNC 2001, 1522 (EF) (SNC 2001, MS1524 (EF)) 2007 1324 1700 B/2 2209 SNC 12, 2007

1326 1328 1330 1333

1698 1698 1698 1700

WILLIAM III - PENNIES 1327 1698 Baldwin 48.4398(VF) 2307 2309 1329 1698 IRA (SNC 2001, MS1643 (EF)) 2311 1332 1699 Obv (SNC 2001, MS1645 (GVF)) 2313 1334 1701 Rev

1340 1341 1341 1342 1344 1346 1348 1350 1352 1354 1356

1703- A 3rd 1705 Plume 5th 1705 R&P 5th 1706 RP 5th 1707- D 7th 1708-G7th 1707E SEXTO SEPTIMO

1707E 7th

1357 1358 1359 1361 1363 1365 1367 1369 1370 1372 1373 1374 1376 1378 1379 1381 1382 1383

1703 3rd Vigo 1704 Plume 1706 R&P

1385 1386 1388

1702 Plain

A.U. Pln Rev

1st bust 1708 7th 1710 R&P nd

2 bust 1713 12th 1714/3 RP 1707E 6th 1707E 7th 1708E

Z type

B.U. Plumes

1703 VIGO

M.R. 17/357 (AEF) Spink 125709(EF) Hamilton305Mint DNW 90,539 (GEF) Barr 262 (EF) Roekel 170 (GEF) Spk 163 174 (Mint) Willis 430 (VAS) Roekel 171 (EF)

ANNE - CROWNS B.U. Pln Rev 99 1340 100 Busts 1341 B+C 100 1342 1706 101 1343 1707 RP6th 104 1345 105 1347 1708 Plume 7th 1349 1713 R&P 1351 103 1353 103A 1355 1708/7 7th 106 Busts E+F

ANNE - HALFCROWNS B.U. Pln Rev Spink 124 1894 (GVF) 568 1358 569 Adams 492 (EF) 570 1360 1705 Plume Manville 199VAS 572 DNW 111,97(AEF) 1362 1707 R&P Roses+ plumes 1364 575 Adams 502 (NEF) 1366 1707 7th 1368 1707 Pied. 578 Adams 508 (EF) 1369 1708 Plume 577 Adams 507 (EF) 1371 1709 8th (EF) 581 Roses+ plumes Adams 512 1372 1374 1712 R&P 582 1375 1713 R&P Bull 583 Adams 517(NVF) 1377 1714 R&P 585A Edge Ëfor V Adams 522 (VF) 1379 575 TËTAMEN DNW 86,746 (EF) 1380 575A Hamilton 323 (Mint) 1382 1708 Z type (EF) 576 Adams 506 1382 Z type 1 1709E Z type 1384 M.R. 6/186 (GEF) Spk 216 963 (NEF) Norweb 494 VAS

ANNE - SHILLINGS 1128 1386 1st bust 1129 1387 1702 VIGO 1131 1389 1704 605

Provenance SNC 2001, 1523

(Old ESC) (VF)

2206A

(SNC 2001, MS1525 (GVF))

2008

(SNC 2001, MS1642 (VF))

2308 2310

Spink/Sby 3549 Spink/Sby 3553 M.R. 7 184 (EF) Barr 259 (EF) Willis 207 (EF) Norweb 1522 AEF

2312 2314

99 100 101 102

Roekel 172 (GEF) Roekel 173 (Mint)

108

Barr 264 (AEF) Barr 261 (GVF)

107

Adams 492 (EF)

569

Adams 494(NVF) Adams 497(EF) Adams 498 (EF) Adams 500 GEF Adams 501(EF) Adams 508 (EF) Adams 509 (EF) Adams 514 NEF Adams 515(EF) Adams 518(EF) Adams 521 (VF) Adams 504 (F) Adams 504 (F) James 18, 160 (VF) PC (M. Bull) Adams 511 (NVF)

571

109

103

573 573 574 574B 578 579 581 582 584 585 575

576 576 580

1129 Norweb 236UNC 1130 ,9026 (EF) SNC 2010 1132 M.R. 22/191 (EF) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 1390 1392 1394 1396 1398 1400 1402 1403 1405 1406 1408 1410 1411 1412 1414 1416 1418 1420 1422 1424 1426

1432 1434 1436 1438 1440 1442 1444 1446 1447 1448 1449 1451 1453 1454 1456 1458 1460 1461 1462 1464 1465 1467 1469 1471

Variety 1704Plumes 2nd bust 1707 R&P 1707 Plume 1708 R&P 1708 Plume 17093rd bus 1710 R&P 1710 R&P 1710 P B4 1711 4th bu 1712 R&P 1713/2 RP 1714 R&P 1707E 1707EPPln

E local die E below bust 1708E 8/7 No rays to star

EËlocal die 1708E

Provenance Manville 217 (VAS) Norweb 496 VAS M.R. 22/196 (EF) M.R. 22/200 (EF) Hamilton 348(EF) Hamilton 350 (EF) Manville 228 (EF) DNW 111,109 (EF) Manville 229 (AEF) Spink 139314 (EF) Spink 139 311(GEF) Spink 139 316(EF) M.R. 22/215 (EF) M.R. 22 197 (AEF) SNC 1982 7535 (FDC)

DNW 89 1960 (GEF) M.R. 22/201 (EF)

1142 1146 1148 1154 1155 1156

1158 1159 1160 1161 1138 1139

1140A

1145A

(SNC2001, 0819 (AF/F))

1145D

Spink 139 307 (GVF)

1150

Bole 1, 1714

(GEF)

Bole 1, 1718

(AVF)

ESC 1391 1393 1395 1397 1399 1401 1403 1404 1445 1407 1409 1410 1411 1413 1415 1417 1419 1421 1423 1425

1143

PC (RF/NP) SNC2001, 0820 (F)

Norweb 497 UNC Bole 1, 1707 (NEF) M.R. 17,192 (EF) Bole 1, 1709 (NEF) Norweb 498 VAS Bole 1, 1711 (EF) Bole 1, 1711 (EF) DNW 111,115(GEF) Spink 139 324(VAS) SNC 2006, 7047(GEF) Bole 3,144/5 (GVF) Bole 1, 1713 (NEF)

1708/7

1137

1144

1703 VIGO A&B (1) Rev C1 (2) Rev C2 (3) Rev D (4) 1707 E & B Rev E (5) 1708 Rev I (6)

After Union

1135

(SNC 2001, MS0978 (AF))

Hamilton 354 (EF)

1711Lge lis 1707E

1133

1156A

1709EË

Small lis

(Old ESC)

1145C

1152

1433 1435 1437 1439 1441 1443 1445

Variety 1705 1705 R&P 1707 AU

Provenance M.R. 22/193 (EF) M.R. 6/188 (EF) Spink 139 300 (Mint)

(Old ESC)

1708 R&P 1708 R&P 1710 1710 P Pln 1708E 17113rd bus

Spink 139 304 (VAS) M.R. 22/206 (EF) Spink 139 311(EF) Montagu 988 Hamilton 355 (EF) Spink 139313 (NEF)

1147

1713/2 1714/3

DNW86, 756 (AEF) Spink 139 317 (NEF)

1160

No stops rev.

SNC 2001, 0816 (VF) Kent 187

1138A

1707EË 1708EË E below bust

SNC 2001,0977 (F) DNW 79 ,3123(AVF)

1143A

(SNC 2001,MSO819(F+))

1145B

1708/7 1708EË

(Glen.15/1974,334 (EF))

1150A

SNC 2001, 0822 (VF)

1151

Bole 1, 1707 (NEF) Bole 3,132 (NEF) DNW 86,758 (EF) Bole 3, 137 (VF) Bole 1, 1711 (EF) Bole 1, 1715 (NEF) Bole 1, 1717 (VF) Spink 139 325 (GEF) SNC 2010,9235 (VAS) Bole 1, 1711 (EF)

1583



local die

1134 1136 1141

1149 1155 1155A 1153 1157

1161A

1140

1145

ANNE - SIXPENCES 1582 1583 1584 1584A 1586 1587 1587 1591 1594 1596 1596A 1588

1589

1593A

1447 1448 1450 1452 1454 1455 1457 1459 1460 1461 1463 1465 1466 1468 1470 1472 606

Bust

A B&E 1705 RP BR FRA Rev E (8) 1707 Plume 1708E Rev J (7) Small lis Busts

Large lis

1584 1585 1587A 1587 1590 1592 1595 1596 1596A

1707EPPln Obv F Lge E Obv G

Bole 1, 1714 (GEF) Bole, 137 DNW 91 Bole 1, 1719 (VF+)

1589

Obv

Bole 1, 1720 (NVF)

1593B

H

1588A? 1593

PROVENANCES ESC 1473 1475 1477 1479

Variety 1703 1706 1709 1713

1480 1482 1484 1486 1488 1489 1491 1492

1703

1494 1496 1498 1500 1502 1504 1506 1508 1510 1512 1514 1516 1518 1520 1522

1523 1525 1527 1529 1531 1532

ANNE - MAUNDY SETS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 2393 SNC 2008 8560 (NVF) 1474 1705 2395 SNC 2010,9390 (NEF) 1476 1708 2397 1478 1710 DNW 86,1050 (GVF) SNC 2011,9740 (GVF) 2399 (SNC 2001, MS1365 (F)

No stops Obv

1706 1709 1710 1713

FRA

C-2a

(SNC 2001, MS1368 (AVF))

SNC 2001 1370 (EF) SNC 2001 1372 (EF)

B-2a

1713 Close

ANNE - GROATS 1886 1481 1704 1887A 1483 1705 1889 1485 1708 1891 1487 1710 1892A 1488 1710 1893 1490 1713

(Old ESC)

(SNC 2001, MS1366 (AVF))

1887

Curls over head

A/1b A/1b A/1b

N o stop DEI

1703 B/2a 1709 B/2a 1710 B/2a 1713/0 B A 1703 1706 1708 M A G 1710 N o stop DEI

2396 2398

(SNC 2001, MS1367 (AVF))

1888

BRI

(SNC 2001, MS1369 (VF))

1890

B-2a

SNC 2001,1372(AEF) SNC 2001 1372(AEF)

1892

(SNC 2001, MS1374 (VF))

1893A

(SNC 2001, MS1447 (F))

2008

C-2a C-2a

1492

1892A

1711 Pat cu

ANNE - THREEPENCES 2005 1495 1701 (SNC 2006, 7238 (GF)) 2007 1497 1705 (SNC 2001, MS1448(F)) 2009 1499 1707 (SNC 1972, 5521 (EF)) 2011 1501 1708/7 (SNC 2001, MS1452 (GF)) 2012 No stop af date 1503 (SNC 2001, MS1453 (VF)) 2013 1505 1713 2014A 1507 1713 (SNC 2001, MS1445 (GF))

1703 1704 1706 1708 1709 1710

2394

1893B

1711 Pat silver

1703 1704 1705

Provenance SNC 2011,9464 (AVF) DNW 78, 325 (AEF) Spink 124 1801(EF)

ANNE - HALF GROATS 2210 1509 1704 A/1b 2212 1511 1704 A/1b (SNC 2001, MS1530 (VF)) 2214 1513 1706 A/1b 2215A 1515 1707 A/1b (SNC 2001, MS1528(VF)) 2210A 1517 1708 B/2a (SNC 2001, MS1584 (AVF)) 2218 N o stop DEI 1519 (SNC 2076, 7208 (EF)) 2219 1521 1713 B/2a (SNC 2001, MS1588 (VF)) 2220A X1.5 2398 1b SNC 12, 2007 2399 2a Spink/Sby 3599 (SNC 2001, MS1647 (VF))

ANNE - PENNIES 2315 1524 1705 2317 1526 1706 2319 1528 1709 2320A 1530 M AG 2321 1532 1713/0 2322A

607

2006

SNC 2001, 1447(Mint)

2010

(SNC 2001, MS1450(VF))

2011A

(SNC 2001, MS1455 (GVF))

2014

(SNC 2001, MS1457 (VF))

2014B

S&B Coins

2211

2012A

G402 (EF)

2213 (SNC 2001, MS1531 (F))

2215

(SNC 2001, MS1532 (EF))

2216

Rich.Sum 2006,141(EF)

2217 2218A

SJA 6, 238 (AVF) SNC 12, 2007 Spink/Sby 3599 SNC 12, 2007

2220

(SNC 2001, 1648 (EF))

2316

2398 2399 2398

(SNC 2001, MS1648 (EF))

2318

S&B Coins

2320

G401 (EF)

2320B (SNC 2001, MS1652 (EF))

2322

PROVENANCES ESC 1540 1542 1544 1546 1548 1549 1550 1551 1553 1555 1557 1558

Variety 1716 2nd 1718/6 5th 1723 10th 1726 13th Inverted Ns

1715 Pat Rev. B 1715 NNO

1715 R&P 1720/17 1723 SSC Rev. D

1560 1562 1563 1565 1567 1569 1571 1572 1574 1576 1578 1579 1581 1583 1585 1586 1588 1589 1591 1593 1595 1596 1597 1599 1601 1603 1605 1607

1715 R&P 1716 R&P 1716 V/L Obv leg lets

1719

R&P

Large 0 in date

1720/19 1720 1720O/G 1721/0 1721/18 1722 R&P 1723 R&P 1723 SSC C/SS French arms SS C

1723 1723 R&P F 1725 WCC 1725 R&P 1725 no stp 1726 R&P No stops Obv

GEORGE I - CROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 110 Willis 283 (GEF) 1541 1718 111A 1543 1720/18 Roekel 176 (GEF) 1545 1720 R&P SNC 2003 4731 (VAS) 114 115 1726 EGNO Roekel 180 (VAS) 1547 115A Spink 124 1900 (EF) GEORGE I - HALFCROWNS 586 1549 1715 Pat Norweb 251FDC Bull. Adams 524 (EF) 587 1550 1715 R&P 588B Adams 525526 (NF) 1552 1715 R&P 588A Adams 528 (VF) 1554 1717 R&P 590 (EF) 1556 1720 R&P Adams 530 592 1557 Rev. C Adams 532 GEF 592A 1559 1726 R&P 593 Z-type 1 PC (M. Bull) GEORGE I - SHILLINGS 1162 M.R. 12/129 1561 ,8675 (EF) 1163 SNC 2008 1562 2. R-P 1163A 1564 1717 R&P 1164A 1566 1718 1166 1568 1. Plain M.R. 22/223 (GVF) 1167A 1570 1720/18 1167C 1572 1720 1168 SNC 2011,9721(VAS) 1573 1720 1409 (NVF) 1169A DNW 114 1575 1721 1170A 1577 1721 (GVF) 1172 M.R. 22/228 1578 1721/0 1173 1580 21/18 P&R DNW 85, 571 1174 Spink 139339 (EF) 1582 340 (EF) 1175 Spink 139 1584 1175B 1586 1723 SS-C 1176 Spink 139 341 (VAS) 1587 4. C/SS 1176A France at date 1589 DNW 85, 575 1177 1590 C/SS SNC 2003,5680 (EF) 1178 Spink 139 344 (GEF) 1592 1723 WCC 1179 M.R. 22/237 (GEF 1594 1724 R&P 6967 1182 SNC 1998, 1595 1724 WCC 1185 1596 1725 WCC M.R. 22/242 (GEF) 1183 SNC 2012,9859 (EF) 1598 1725/4 1184 Spink 139 350 (GEF) 1600 1186 Hamilton 407 AEF 1602 1186B 1604 1726 WCC 1606 1727 R&P (EF ) 1188A No stops Rev M.R. 22/244 1608

608

Provenance Roekel 175 (VAS) Barr 267 (GEF) Roekel 177 (AEF) Dr Rees Jones 163

Adams 523(NEF) Baldwn 485033(GEF) Adams 527 (GVF) Adams 527 (VF) Adams 531 (GVF) Adams 532 GEF SNC 1977 5660 (EF) Adams 531 (GVF

Spink 139 328 (EF) Hamilton 389(GEF) Manville 263 (VAS) M.R. 22/228 (GVF) ,0829 (EF)

SNC 2001 Manville 266 (GEF) Norweb 517 GVF M.R. 22/229 (EF) PC (RF/NP) (GVF) SNC 2000,226 (VF)

(Old ESC) 111 113 112 115B

586 587 588C 589 591 592 593 591

1163 1164 1165 1167 1167B 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1171A 1174A 1175A

Spink 139 341 (VAS) DNW 93 1640 (EF+) M.R. 22/235 (GVF) 512 (EF)

Spink 126 Manville 273 (EF) Hamiltn 404 (EF) M.R. 12/132 (GEF)

1176 1176A 1177 1176A 1180 1181 1182 1185 1183A 1184A 1186A

(EF)

Hamilton 408 Manville 279 (GF)

1187 1188 1188B

PROVENANCES ESC 1609 1611 1612 1613 1615

Variety 1717 R&P A R&P B SSC 1613/0 Lge let. B/R

GEORGE I - SIXPENCES (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 1597 SNC 2010,9094 (EF) 1610 1717 Pln ed 1599 146 1611 2170/17 DNW 91, 1600 Small letters SNC 20119433 (UNC) 1612 1601 Large letters 1614 1601 1616 C sm R&P DNW 91 149 (VF+)

1617

1723

GEORGE I - MAUNDY SETS 2400 SNC 2011 9470 (VF) 1618 1727

1619 1621

1717 1723

GEORGE I - GROATS 1894 1620 1721 SNC 2001, 1376 (EF) (EF) 1896 M.R. 10/224 1622 1727

1623 1625 1627

1717 1723 1727

GEORGE I - THREEPENCES 1624 1721 SNC 2001 1452 (Mint) 2015 2017 1626 F.R (SNC 2001, MS1460 (EF)) 2018 Leg ends bust 1628

1629 1631 1633 1635

1717 1723 Large O

1636 1638 1640 1642 1644 1646 1648

•1716• 1718 1720 1723 GEORGI S V FR· ET 1727

1660 1662 1663 1665 1667 1669 1671 1672

1732 RP6th 1734-A7th 1735RP 8th 1739 12th

GEORGE I - TWOPENCES 2221 1630 1721 2223 1632 1726 2225 1634 Norm. O

(SNC 2001, MS1589 (VF))

ESC 2223

Small lets Rev

GEORGIUS

1746 P 1751 14th 1731 P

Provenance

(Old ESC) 1598

355 (VAS)

Spink 139 Bole 2, 156 (GVF) Bole 1, 1724 (EF+) Spink 139 358 (EF)

1599 1600 1601A 1602

SNC 2003,5630 (AEF)

2401

(SNC 2001, MS1377 (VF))

1895

(SNC 2001, MS1379 (VF))

1897

(SNC 1977, 13611(VF))

2016 2017A 2018A

DNW 101,699

(SNC 2001, MS1592(VF))

2222 2224 2225A

2225B

(SNC 1977, 13607 (VF)) (SNC 2006, 7246 (VF)) (SNC 2006, 7247 (VF)) (SNC 2006, 7248 (VF))

GEORGE I - PENNY 2323 1637 •1716 2324 No stop 1639 GEORGIVS 2325 1641 1720HIPEX DNW 101,699 2327 GEORGIVS• 1643 2327B (SNC 2001, MS1658 (GVF)) 1645 1725 2328A (SNC 2001, MS1660 (AEF)) 1647 1726

(SNC 2001, MS1661 (VF))

2323A 2324A 2326 2327A 2328 2329

2330

GEORGE II - CROWNS 117 Hamilton 415 (Mint) 1661 1732 P Pln 1919 (VAS) 119 Spink 124, 1662 1734 R&P 120 Roekel 184 (VAS) 1664 1736 RP9th 122 DNW 1022589(GEF 1666 1741 R 14th 124 1668 1746 LIMA Spink 111 179 (EF) 126 Roekel 190 (FDC) 1670 1750 14th 128 194 (VAS) 1670 Obv. D Spink 163 116 (Not traced)

609

SNC 2012,9812 (VAS) Barr 270 (GEF) DNW 97 301 (GEF Asherson 190 VAS SNC 2002 2758 (GEF) Roekel 191 (GEF) Barr 273 (GVF)

118 119 121 123 125 127 127

PROVENANCES ESC 1673 1674 1674 1676 1678 1679 1680 1682 1684 1685 1687 1688 1689 1691 1692

Variety Busts A-C 1731 P 1731 RP5th 1734RP 7th 1736 RP9th Rev. 3 1739 Inver s N 1741/39 R 1743 R 17th 1745 R 19th 1745 Lima 1745 Lima 1746/5Lim Bust F 1750 24th

1694 1695 1696 1698 1700 1702 1704 1706 1708 1710 1712 1714 1716 1718 1720 1722 1724 1726 1727 1728 1730 1731 1732 1734

1727Plumes 1727 R&P 1728 R&P 1728

1736 1737 1741

Regular 9 date

1731Plumes A·T / E·ET·E

1734 R&P 5/5 R&P 1736/5 Unbarred As 1739/7 173

1741/39 1743 Roses 1745 Roses 1745 Lima 1746/5 G Thin 0 E Thin 0/7 5/4 Wide O 1758 Obv Rev

A-D 1 Plain

1731 R&P

GEORGE II - HALFCROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety Rev. 594 1673 1 PC (M. Bull) (FDC) (GVF) 595 Adams 534 1674 1732RP 6th 595 Adams 535 (EF) 1675 1732 RP6th 597 Adams 535 (EF) 1677 1735RP 5th 599 Rev. Spink 124,1923 (VAS) 1678 2 600 1679 1739 Roses Adams 543 (VF) 600A Bald.55 2396 (EF) 1681 1741 R 14th 601A Spink 124,1925 (VAS) 1683 1741 R 14th (EF) 603A Bust Adams 547 1684 D 604 Adams 548 (EF) 1686 1745/5 605 Bust 1 Adams 550 (EF) 1687 E 606 Bust 2 Adams 551 (GEF) E 607 1690 1745 V/U Adams 551 GEF 608 1691 1746P 20th PC (M. Bull) (FDC) 609 Adams 555 (VAS) 1693 1751 24th GEORGE II - SHILLINGS 1189 1695 A-D M.R. 22/250 (EF) 9723 (VAS) 1190 SNC 2011, 1695 1727 R&P 1192 Spink 139 362 (EF) 1697 E/R 1191 1699 1729 R&P M.R. 22/252 (EF) 1701 ·DEI 1195 Manville 313 (EF) 1703 1731 R&P 1705 1732 R&P 1197 Manville 315 (AEF) 1707 1735 R&P 1198A (EF) 1709 1736 R&P M.R. 16/86 1199A 1711 1737 R&P M.R. 22/258 (EF) 1200A 1713 1739 Roses 1201A 1715 1739sm star 1717 1741 Roses 1741Ros. 1202A 374 (GVF) 1719 G’s Spink 139 1203 1721 1743/1 M.R. 22/264 (AEF) 1204 Spink 139 377 (NEF) 1723 1745/3 1205 1725 1746 LIMA Spink 139 379 (VAS) 1207 1727 1746 P Spink 139 381 (EF) 1208 SNC 2000, 230 1728 1747 Roses 1209 1729 1750Thin 0 SNC 2001, 1976 709 1210A Spink 101, 1730 175O/6 1732 1750/47 1211 1733 1751 SNC 2010, 9037(EF) 1213 Manville 327 (VAS) 1735 1758 sm 58 GEORGE II - SIXPENCES 1603 1737 1728 P Pln Bole 1, 1726 (GEF) 1604 Rev DNW 89 1738 4 Plumes Bole 1726 1740 1728 1607 Spink 109 486 (GEF)

Provenance PC (M. Bull) (FDC) Adams 537 (EF) Manville 297 (EF) Adams 540 (EF) Adams 541(EF) Manville 290(VAS) Spink 124,1924 (VAS) Adams 546 (VF) Adams 547 (EF)

(Old ESC)

PC (M. Bull) (EF) (delisted)

604A

DNW 104, 504 DNW 86, 797 Adams 552 (GEF) DNW 86,798(FDC) Manville 306 (VAS)

605

594 595 596 598 599 600 601 602 603A

607A 608 610

Spink 101, 707 M.R. 22/251 (EF)

1190

Spink 139 363 (GEF)

1193

Manville 312 (AEF) M.R. 22/255 (VAS) Norweb 1550 (EF) DNW 111, 166 (GVF) SNC 1980,3694 (VAS) Spink 139 371 (EF) M.R. 22/262 (EF) Spink 139 373 (EF) M.R. 8, 252 (VF) SNC 2001 0838 M.R. 22/265 (EF) Spink 139 380 (GEF) Norweb 258 (FDC) SNC 2011,9724(GEF) Spink 139 384 (EF) Spink 139 385 (NEF) M.R. 22/273 (EF) Spink 145,2552 (VAS)

1190

1194 1196 1198 1199 1200 1201 1201B 1202 1202B 1203A 1204A 1206 1208 1209 1210 1210A 1211 1212 1213A?

SNC 20056338 (AFDC Spink 124,1933(VAS) Spink 139 391(GEF)

1604 1605 1606

(continued) 610

PROVENANCES ESC 1743 1745 1747 1749 1751 1753 1754 1755 1757 1759 1761 1763 XXX

Variety 1732 1735 1736 R&P 1739 Roses 1741 Roses 1745 Roses Obv E 1645/4 1746 Lima 1746 P 1751 1758 Stop in D

1765 1767 1769 1771 1773

1729 1732 1737 1740 1746

1775 1777 1779 1781 1783 1785

1729 1731 1735 1739 1743 1746

1787 1789 1791 1793 1795 1797 1799 1801 1801 1803

1729 sm crown

1804 1806 1808 1810 1811 1813 1815

1729 1732 1737 1740 1743 1746 1759

1731 1732 1735 1743/0 1737 1740/39 1746/3 1746/3 1760

Provenance Norweb 1556VAS Bole 3,152 (NEF) Hamilton 463Mint DNW 91 550 (GEF) Spink 139 399(EF) SNC 20067145 (UNC) Bole 1730 DNW 89 DNW 74B 754 (VF) DNW 97 312 (VAS) DNW 86,809(FDC) Manville 343 (AEF) Bole 1, 1734 (VAS) Bole 1, 1735 (GEF)

(Old ESC) 1608 1610 1611 1612 1613 1615 1616 1616A 1618 1619 1621 1623

ESC 1744 1746 1748 1750 1752 1754 1754 1756 1758 1760 1762 1764

Variety 1734 R&P 1635/4 GEORGV GE

O/RGIVS 1743 Roses 1645/3 Rev 3 Roses 1745 Lima 1746/5 1750 Lge 0 1757 1758/7

Provenance Spink 139 394(EF) Spink 139 395(EF) Bole 153, DNW 91 Spink 139 398(EF) SNC 20067144 (UNC) Bole 1, 1730 (VF+) Bole , 1730 DNW 89 Spink 139 402 (EF) Bole 1, 1731 (AEF) Spink 139 405 (EF) Spink 139 406 (EF) DNW 85, 600 (VAS)

(Old ESC) 1609 1610A 1610B 1612A 1614 1616 1616 1617 1618A 1620 1622 1624

1624A

GEORGE II - MAUNDY SETS 2402 1766 1731 SNC 2008, 8562 (GF) ,6946 (EF) 2404 SNC 2005 1768 1735 2406 SNC 2011,9741 (VF) 1770 1739 1063 (EF) 2408 DNW 86, 1772 1743 2410 SNC 2005,6641(EF) 1774 1760 GEORGE II - MAUNDY GROATS 1898 Stop over head 1776 1899 1778 1732 (SNC 2001, MS1385 (AEF)) 1901 1780 1737 (M.R. 8/258,259 (EF)) 1903 1782 1740 (SNC 2001, MS1388 (EF)) 1905 1784 174/3 (SNC 2001, MS1389 (EF)) 1906 1786 1760

SNC 2008,8638(AEF) SNC 2005,6635 (GEF) SNC 2008, 8564 (VF) SNC 2010,9316 (VF) SNC 2007,8276 (GVF)

2403

(SNC 2001, MS1384 (VF))

1900

(SNC 2001, MS1386 (F))

1902

(SNC 2001, MS1387(EF))

1904

(SNC 2001, MS1390 (AEF))

1907

2405 2407 2409 2411

(SNC 2001, MS1382(VF))

(SNC 2001, MS1383(AVF))

GEORGE II - MAUNDY THREEPENCES 2019 (SNC 2001, MS1462 (VF)) (Not traced) 1788 1729 (SNC 2001, MS1464 (GVF)) 2020 Sm 1790 1731 2022 1792 1732 Stop SNC 2005,6933(EF) 2024 (SNC 2001, MS1469(EF)) 1794 1743 2028A 1796 1743 Stop (SNC 2001, MS1466 (VF)) 2025 (SNC 2001, MS1467 (GF)) 1798 1739 (SNC 2001,MS1468 (EF) 2027 Lge 1800 1743 (SNC 2001, MS1470(VF)) 2031 London coins 2014, 20944 1801 1746/3 (SNC 2006, 7239(GF)) 2031 1802 1746/5 (SNC 2001, MS1471 (VF))

2019A 2021 2023 2028 2030 2026 2029 2031

2032

GEORGE II - MAUNDY HALFGROATS 2226 (SNC 2001, MS1595 (GVF)) 1805 1731 (SNC 2001, MS1596 (VF)) 2228 (SNC 2001, MS1598 (GVF)) 1807 1735 (SNC 2006, 7279(VF)) 2230 (SNC 2001, MS1600 (EF)) 1809 1739 (SNC 2001, 1594 (VF))

(SNC 2001, MS1602(AVF))

2232

(SNC 2006, 7281(GEF))

2234

(SNC 2001, MS1608 (GVF))

2236

2233

1812 1814 1816 611

1743/0 1756 1760

2227 2229 2231

(SNC 2001, MS1603(AEF))

2233A

(SNC 2001, MS1607(AEF))

2235

(SNC 2001, MS1609 (GVF))

2237

PROVENANCES ESC 1817 1819 1821 1823 1825 1827 1829 1831 1833 1835 1837 1839 1841 1843 ESC 1850 1851 1852 1856 1853 1854 1855 1857 1858 1858 1865 1859 1860 1861 1860 1862 1863 1864

1875 1875 1877 1880 1879 1878

GEORGE II - MAUNDY PENNIES (Old ESC) Variety Provenance ESC Variety (SNC 2001, MS1662 (AEF)) 2331 GRATIA 1729 1818 2331B 1818Pthick flan 1820 1731 2333 1732 1822 1732 (SNC 2001, MS1666 (AEF)) 2335 1735 1824 1737 (SNC 2001, MS1668 (AEF)) 2337 1739 1826 1740 (SNC 2001, MS1670 (EF)) 2339 1743 1828 1743/0 (SNC 2002, 4442 VF+)) 2340 1746 1830 1746/3 (SNC 2001, MS1674 (EF)) 2342 1750 1832 1752 (SNC 2001, MS1675 (VF)) 2344 1752/0 1834 1753 (SNC 2001, MS1676 (VF)) 2345A 1753/2 1836 1754 (SNC 2001, MS1678 (EF)) 2347 1755 1838 1756 (SNC 1977, 13620 (VF)) 2349 1757 1840 1758 (SNC 2001, MS1682 (Mint)) 2351 1759 1842 1760 GRATIA: Colon die flaw de-listed 2349A GEOR IVS 1843 G Variety Type A Madrid Seville Mexico Mexico Pillar Santiago Nueva Granada PoTosI PoTosI Pillar LIMÆ LIMÆ Pillar USA$Sm eagle France Bayonne ― Constitutional

FranceToulous France PAU France AParis France M 1792 FranceTuscany A Madrid 1792 Madrid 1792 Inverted cmk Mexico PoTosI ― (Pillar) Nueva Granada Santiago

Provenance

2331A (SNC 2001, MS1664 (EF))

2332

(SNC 2001, MS1665(GVF))

2234

(SNC 2001, MS1667 (GVF))

2336

SNC 1973,9084(GVF) SNC 2010 9316 (VF)

2338 2339A 2341

(SNC 1977, 13615 (VF))

2343

(SNC 1977, 13616 (VF))

2345

(SNC 2001, MS1677 (AEF))

2346

(SNC 2001, MS1679(EF))

2348

(SNC 2001, MS1680 (EF))

2350

(SNC 2001, MS1683(AEF))

2352 2352A

SPANISH COUNTERMARKED DOLLARS (8 Reales) (Old ESC) ESC Variety Provenance Provenance Oval cmk Type B Octagonal cmk 135 1866 Madrid Whetmore 197 Whetmore 214 135 1867 Seville Whetmore 199 Whetmore 216 129 (AEF) 1868 Mexico Barr 274 Bruno 82 (EF) 129 Mexico Pillar ? Barr 101 (AEF) 134 1869 Santiago Barr 439 (EF) Bruno 86 (EF) 132 1870 Nueva Granada Whetmore 202 Bruno 85 (GVF) 131 1871 PoTosI Spink 175 1685 Whetmore 210 131 PoTosI Pillar ? Bruno 72 (GVF) 133 1872 Barr 276 (EF) LIMÆ Selig 1091 (GVF) 133 LIMÆ Pillar ? SNC 2004,6015 B.M. Collection 1873 USA$Sm eagle Bruno 87 (GVF) 136 M.R. 13/206 1874 USA$ L eagle Hamilton 480 136 (NEF) 1874 USA$ L eagle M.R. 17/ 416(GVF) Bruno 81 Glens5/1976,139 (VF) 136 France 136 BOE Collection M.R.17/414 (GVF) counterfeit 136 Whetmore 197 SJA 9 376 (VF) Trial cmk SJA 18, 282 (VF) SJA 9,377 (GVF) GEORGE III - HALF DOLLARS (4 Reales) Oval cmk B 611 1886 Madrid 1791 M.R. 7/226(VF) M.R. 7/226(VF) 611 James 11,193 (EF) 611 (VF) 1889 Mexico 1802 Adams 568 611 1891 PoTosI 1780 Adams 558 (VF) 5916(GF) SNC1971 PoTosI 1776 ? 1890 Nueva Granada 611 Santiago Adams 486a GF 612

(Old ESC)

Octagonal cmk Adams 578 (VF)

(Old ESC)

141 143 138

140 139

140A

143 143

611

DNW 2002 1270 SJA 18,276,(VF) DNW 101,441(F) ? ? (continued)

PROVENANCES (Old ESC)

ESC 1876 1887 1882 1892

Variety Seville ― (Pillar) LIMÆ USA ½$

Provenance Adams 570(GVF) M.R. 17/417 Adams 572 (VF) BoE Collection

1893 1894

Madrid Mexico

GEORGE III - 2 Reales 1896 Madrid Forgery? Glens 5/1981,509 (VF) 157 (AEF) 1897 Spink 174 LIMÆ

1898 1899 1900

Madrid Mexico LIMÆ

BoE Collection SJA 18, 278 (VF) Glens1992/10/1, 507(VF)

1901 1902 1902

Madrid Mexico ―(Pillar)

BoE Collection DNW 38, 94 (F) SJA 18,280 (VF)

1904 1906 1908 1909 1911 1913

1798

1915 1917 1919 1921 1923

1798

1925 1927 1929 1930 1932 1933 1937 1938 1939 1941 1944 1946 1948 1950

1804

ESC

611

Variety Seville

Provenance ?

(Old ESC)

611 611

LIMÆ

?

(SNC 1971, 5916 (GF)

Spink 55, 398 (VF)

GEORGE III - 1 reale

GEORGE III - ½ reale

1798 1798 1798 1798 1798

A/1 C/1 C/1 Cu C/1 Cutk F/1 Cu G/1 Cu

G/1 Cu gilt H/1 Sn

1798 1798 1798

J/1 J/1 K/1

Cu Pew

A/2 1804P A/2 1804 B/2 1804P B/2 1804P C/2

Cu

Cu

1804P Cu gilt

C/2 1804

Cu+Ni

C/2a C/2a 1804P C/2b 1804P D/2 1804P D/2a 1804P D/2a Cu 1804P D/2bCu 1804P

1798 CROWNS 1798 1905 A/1 Cu 168 1798 1907 C/1 Au 1798 C/1 Cu thick 170 1909 170A 1910 F/1 Cu. Hearts 174 1798 1912 G/1 175A 1914 G/1 175C I/1. P AG 176 1798 1916 I/1 Cu 1798 1918 I/1 Cu 178A 1798 1920 J/1 Sn 178C 1798 1922 K/1 Left 180 1798 1924 K/1 Au 171

(VAS)

Selig 1235 Willis 438 (VAS)

Glens 1972, 47 (Mint) Norweb 265 VF/EF 1964,382 (EF)

Glen, SNC2003, 5687 (VAS) Glen3/1984,258(VAS)

Lingford 641 VAS Wils & Ras 143 Spk 117, 196 (EF) Lingford 644 EF SJA 18,284,(EF) Lingford 644 EF Lingford 645 EF

172 169 170A 173 175 175B

177 178 (VAS)

Selig 1236 Whetmore 191VAS Wils & Ras 145

178B 179 180A

GEORGE III - BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLARS 1804P 145 DNW 79 3985(VAS) 144 1926 A/2 SNC2004,6018 (VAS) (Lingford 651 (EF)) 146 1804 147 1928 A/2b REX.. 148 148 VAS (GEF) 1929 A-D Barr 278 Norweb 266 148A 1804 149 Selig 1237 (VAS) 1931 C/2 SNC2011,9419 (NEF) 150 1804P Cu gilt 151 Spink 31, 374 (EF) 1933 Lingford 648 (FDC) 1017 (VAS) 151 1804P Cu 1475(EF) 152 DNW 43 1934 C/2 Spink 136 1804P 152B SJA 18, 296 (VAS) 152A 1936 C/2 Ni SNC20003146FDC 2007,8146 (GEF) 153 SNC 154 1804P 155 Selig 1238 (FDC) 1940 C/2aCu Barr 280 (EF) 156 1804P (SNC2001, 1874(FDC)) 156A SNC2002, 2883(GEF) 1942 C/2b 158 1804P 159 Willis 443 (AEF) 1945 D/2a Spink 1 258 (VAS) 160 1804P 160A Roekel 204 (VAS) 1947 D/2agilt DNW113 169 (EF) (GEF) 161 1804 162 Willis 444 1949 D/2b 163 1804 164 1951 E/2 Willis 445 (AEF) (continued) 613

PROVENANCES ESC 1952 1954 1955 1957 1959 1961 1963 1965 1967 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004

Variety E/2 1804P E/2 Cu 1804P E/2Cutk 1804 E/3 Mule 1804 G/3 1804 H/3 1804 I/3 1804 I/3 Sn 1804 J/3 Oct cmk / 1804 J/3 Cu 1804 I/2 1804 K/2 Cu 1811 C/4 1811 C/4 Cu 1811Mule C/5 1811 D/4 1811 C/5 Pln 1804 Mule K/2 1811 K/4 Cu 1811 L/4 1811 L/4 Sn 1811 L/5 1811 L/5a Ag 1811 K/5a 1811 K/5 Cu 1804P

(Old ESC) 165 166 167 167B 188

SNC1981,3964 (GEF) Selig1243/4 (VAS)

181 182 184

SCMB1982,p 223(EF Selig 1246 (VAS)

186 187 190

(VAS)

Selig 1241 Spk 156 206 (VAS) SNC 2002, 4347(VAS) Lingford 674 VAS

193 194 195

196 VAS

Lingford 674 Lingford 673 EF Selig 1249 (VAS) Selig 1248 (VAS) Lingford 661 VAS SJA 12,538(FDC) SJA 17,323(FDC) Lingford 666 VAS Spink 1.260 (VAS)

K/5 Cu 1811

piedfort

D/5

Variety 1818 LVIII 1816 Pat Pistrucci 1819 LIX 1819LIX no stp H-N 1819 LX 1819 P Pln 1820 P

2020 2021 2023

Pa

M/1Ag Pln Pattern M/1Au Peidfort M/1Sn 3x B/1Ag & Sn Uni 1817Cu

Selig 1253 (NVF)

ESC 1953 1956 1955 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977

Variety E/2Thick 1804P E/2 Cutk 1804P E/2 Cutk 1804 C/3 Cu 1804 G/3 Cu 1804 H/3 1804 I/3 Cu 1804 J/3 1804 J/3 1804 K/3 Cu 1804 J/2 1804 L/2 Cu 1811 C/4 Cu 1811 C/4 Cu gilt 1804

Provenance Willis 447 (VAS) R-Jones 191 (EF) DNW 892171 (VAS) Selig 1242 (FDC) Lingford 644 EF SNC1980,7284 (FDC)

(Old ESC) 165A 164A 167 ??? 189 181A 183

Spink 46, 739 (EF) Selig 1245 (FDC) Selig 1247 (VAS)

185 186 189X 191

EF

Lingford 673 Lingford 664 EF Spink 119 182 (VF)

192 194A 195A

195B

208 199B 199 200 202 203 204A 205 206

1811 K/5 Cu thin

ESC 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 2017

2025

Provenance James 18,307 (VAS) SNC 2001,3054 (EF) Selig 1239 (VAS) Lingford 657FDC

206B 210

1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003

1811 1811 1811

D/4 Cu C/5 Cu K/4

K/4Cu thick flan 1811 L/4 Cu

197 209

Lingford 658 VAS Spink 119 184 (EF) Spink 38 108 (VAS)

Washed flan 1811

L/5a

198 199A 201 202A

Cu

Ag Thick flan 1811 K/5Cu 1811 K/5CuTk 1811 K/5Brass

GEORGE III – CROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 211 Spk 156 194 (Mint) 2006 1818 P 213 Glens 1962/10/4,124 2008 1818 LVIII 214 2009 1818 DNW 97, 342 215 2010 1819 Rev. Asher. 201 (Mint) 215A SNC2002, 4359(GEF) 2012 1819/8 215B 2012 M-Y Barr 445 216 SNC2002, 4363(GEF) 2014 1819 P 218 Whetmore 123 2016 1820 LX 220 2018 1820/19 GEORGE III – PATTERN - CROWNS 223 2020 B rev. 1 Selig 1187& 88 Pattern 224 2022 M/1 Cu Selig 1186 (FDC) Patn 226 (VAS) M/1 Sn Selig 1189 Uniface patterns SNC1984435 DNW 89 2180 (EF) 225

Barr 284

(GEF)

204

Willis 449 (VAS)

206A

SJA 10,868(GEF)

207

Provenance DNW89 2183 (VAS) Hamiltn 504 (EF) Roekel 195 (GEF) DNW 97, 342 SNC 2002, 4361 (EF) Barr 445 SNC 2002, 4394(VAS) Barr 113 (GEF) Lingford 459 DNW1022643(VAS Selig 1190 (VAS)

(Old ESC) 212 213A 214 215 215B 215B 217 219 220A

223 225 226A

(Selig 1193-1211)

(continued) 614

PROVENANCES ESC 2026 2028 2030 2032 2034 2036 2037 2039 2041 2043 2045 2047 2049 2051 2053

Variety N/2

Pattern

Pattern Ob Pat

O O

Pb

Au Sn

Pattern

R Pattern S Ag Pattern

S Sn Pattern T Lge Pattern T Small

(Old ESC) 227

Selig 1183 Selig 1185 (VAS)

230

Willis 470 (Mint) Selig 1199 (VAS)

232

(Lingford 484 (VAS))

234B

Willis 467(GEF) Glens 7/1962,118

236

(FDC)

230B

234

237

Pat U Uni. obv PatternV rose stps Pattern V Pln edge Ob.Pat J

Pb

Pattrn K1

Pb

Ob pat L1 Pb

2055 2057 2059 2060

Provenance Selig 1191 (EF)

Pat

X Ag

Pln Pattern Y Ag Patrn Y Cu

Lingford488(VAS) Lingford 491 (F) Selig 1181 (VAS) Lingford 476 (EF) Lingford 466 (VF) SNC2001,3060 (VAS) Selig 1208 (VAS) Barr 116 (AFDC)

Pattern YAu/ Cu Rev Pat O Pb

241 242

ESC 2027 2029 2031 2033 2035

Variety N/3 Pb Pattern O AgPln Pattern P Ag

Provenance Lingford 464 Selig 1184 (FDC) Selig 1179 (EF)

Pattern

Willis 471 (Mint) Selig 1180 (VAS) Norweb 1064 EF Glens 4/1972 377

Patn

Q

Pattern

2038 2040 2042 2044 2046 2048 2050 2052 2054

Pattern Pattern

Cu

S S

Pb Au

Pattern

T inc T Pb Pattern Lge S Pattern

Pattern V stars Pattern W Sn Rv.Pat J Pb

233

Patrn K2 Pb Ob pa L2 Pb

243

2056 2058

Rev Patn

X Pb

Pattern Y Au

228A 229 231

233 ??? 235 234A

238 239 240

Pat U Uni. obv Pb

?

221

Lingford 489(VAS) Lingford 485 (EF)

(Old ESC)

244

Selig 1204 (VAS) Lingford490 (VAS) Selig 1182 (VAS) Selig 1196 (VAS) Lingford467(VAS) Selig 1211 (VAS)

241A 242A ?

222

244 245

Ob Pat N Cu Ob Pat P Ag

Barr 291 (EF)

Lingford468(VAS) SNC 1978, 9550

LAST OR NEW COINAGE ESC 2061 2063 2065 2067 2068 2069

2073 2075 2077 2079 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085

Variety 1811 Avar/11 1811 A1/11 1811 A1/12 1811 A2/11 1811 A2/12 1811 A2/13 1811 A3/11 1811 A3/12 1811 A3/14 1812 A1/2 1812 B1/3 1812 B2/3 1812 Au B2/3 1813 B2/3 1814 B2/3 1815 B2/3 1816 B2/3

GEORGE III - BANK TOKENS - THREE SHILLINGS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety Provenance 2062 1811P Avar/11 (Not traced) Bull DNW 91 562 (EF+) 407 2064 1811P A1/11 408 SJA 24,192(FDC) 2066 1811P A1/12 (FDC) 409A SJA 24,190

(Old ESC)

407A 409

410 411

Baldwin FPL ‘13/14,140

413

SJA 24,191(FDC)

415 419

SNC 2006 7073(GEF)

416

2070 2071 2072 2074 2078 2080

Wils & Ras 149

DNW89 2172 (VAS)

421

(DNW 59,312 (EF))

422

SNC2006 7075(GEF) SNC2003 5386 (GEF)

423 424

615

1811P A2/13 1811P A3/11 1811P A3/12 1811P A3/14 1812P A1/12 1812PptB1/3 1812P B2/3

412 SJA 24,191(FDC)

414A

DNW 124 2171

414B 414

420 SNC 19847483(FDC)

417

PROVENANCES ESC 2086 2088 2089 2090 2092 2094 2096 2098 2100 2102 2104 2106 2108 2110

1817 P Cu 1817 SH 1817 P Pln Reversed S 1819 1819 P 1820 P Pln 1817PatB1Mil 181 unfinished

2112 2113 2115 2116 2118 2120 2121 2123

1811 A 1811 P 1812 B 1812 P 1812 P Pt 1813 P Pt 1814 1816

2124 2125 2126 2128 2129

North-ber-land

2132 2133 2135 2137 2139 2141 2143 2145 2147 2148 2149 2150 2152 2154 2156

Variety 1816 BH 1816 P Plain 1816 Trial Cu 1817 I/S in PENSE

1787No hts 1/1787n ht 1787/6 1787 A&B 1787 Pcoll 1787 No collar

1787 no hts No stop P Pln 1787P Stop 1798D&M 1816 P milled 1816 P Plain 1817 HON I/S GEOE 1817 P Pln 1818 1819

1820

GEORGE III - HALFCROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 613 Adams 582 (GEF) 2087 1816 P Milled 615 SNC2000,4306 (Mint) 2088 1816 P Pln ? B/2 1817 Selig 1178 (VAS) 616 Adams 585 (VAS) 2091 1817 D/T 616B SNC 2001G3068 2093 1817 P Milled 617A Adams 589 (GVF) 2095 1817 P Pln 3119(GEF) 618 DNW83, 2097 1817 P milled 620 Adams 595 (GEF) 2099 1818 Spink 109285(AEF) 621A 2101 1818 P 623 Adams 600 (GEF) 2103 1819/8 624 Adams 603(FDC) 2105 1820 Spink 55, 383(FDC) 626 2107 1820 P Mil 627 Pat. 2 Adams 596 FDC) 2109 B Uniface obv. M.R. 12, 157 2111 GEORGE III - EIGHTEEN PENCE 2112 1811 A SNC 20129850 (UNC) 969 970 SNC2006,7090(FDC) 2114 1812 A 972 SNC2006,7092 (UNC) 2116 1812 P B 973 Selig 1257 (VAS) 2117 1812 P sm lets (FDC) 974 SJA 24,211 2119 1813 (Cokayne Sale) 976A 2121 1814 B ,7095 (UNC) 977 SNC 2006 2122 1815 SNC 2006,7097 (UNC) 979 GEORGE III - SHILLINGS 1663 2124 A &B M.R. 22, 297 (GVF) 1214 609 AEF) 1216 DNW 85 2125 1787 hearts 1216A 2127 1787 P n h DNW 85 609 AEF) 1222 2129 1887 hearts DNW 86, 1097 1225 328 2130 1/1787 DNW 97, 1225B Spink 14, 405 (AFDC) 1226 No collar SNC 2011,9730 (VAS) 2132 heavy 1218 SNC20109220 (EF) 2134 No stop Pmil 1220 1787 2136 P heavy 1224 Norweb 1036 EF 2138 1787 No stp 1227 2140 1816 Selig 1223 (VAS) 1229 2142 1816 P Au 1231 Spink 55.390 (FDC) 2144 1817 2146 1232B SNC 2002 3885 (VF) 2148 GEOE PC(RF/NP)(VAS) 1233 2149 1817 P Pln PC(RF/NP) (FDC) SNC 2001 0843 (GEF) 1234 2151 1818 high 8 2774 (VAS) 1235 Sommer 2153 1819/3 2155 1819/8 1236 Sommer 2775 (VAS) 2157

Provenance Adams 583 (VAS) Adams 584 (VAS) PC (M. Bull) BullGEF (Adams 590) Adams 591 (VAS)

(Old ESC)

(Glens16/1968,252(FDC)

617B

Adams 594 (GEF) Adams 598 (GEF) Adams 599 (FDC) Adams 602 (EF) Adams 604 (GEF) Adams 606 (FDC) Adams 597 (Mint) Adams 592 (GEF)

619

SNC 1998,1988(Mint) SNC 2006,7091 (UNC SNC 2003,5691 FDC SNC 2005,6332(FDC) DNW 59,320(GEF) DNW 102, 2636 SNC2006,7096 (UNC)

614 615

616A 617

621 622 623A? 625 626A 627A 627B

969 971 973 975 976 977 978

1214

M.R. 22, 297(GVF) SNC20109219(EF) Spink 6 743 (VF) DNW 97, 328 SNC 20129862(UNC)

1217

Spink55.387(AFDC)

1226

1216

1225 1225A

1219

SNC 2001,3086 GEF SNC 2001,3085 (VF) Sommer 2770 Mint Spk 157,547(AFDC) Sommer 2771 GEF

1221 1223 1228 1230 1232

SCMB1987

1232A

SNC Sommer 2773 VAS Spink 228, lot783 M.R. 22, 313(VAS)

1233

p 144 (NEF) 2006,7134 (FDC)

1234A

1235A

(continued) 616

PROVENANCES ESC 2158 2160 2162 2164 2166 2166 2168 2169 2170 2173 2175 2176 2178 2181

Variety

Provenance

H/ 1820 P 1764 1Heavy D 1778PD1Pln Pat. D ob/rev 1778P

D1 1786 Pat

heavy

E6 1787 Pat E G Droz obv H Obv 1798 Au/Ag 1798 Pb Fullerton 1799Thk Pat

1816

I

2183 2185

1812 P B1 1812 P Cu

2186 2188 2189 2191 2193 2194 2196 2198 2200 2202 2203 2205 2207 2209 2211 2213

1/A 1787PHevy 2/A 1816 P Au 1816P8/6 1817 1817 P Mil 1818 1819 1819/8 1819 P Mil

2216 2217 2219 2221 2223 2225 2227

Pat

Inverted

1

No colons Pat Patt

C/1 Pln D Plain

E/1 Au Pat E/1 Cu Pat. E/2 Mill Pat E/3 Pln Pat E/3 Cu Pat F Milled Barb.Pat A

M.R. 22/317 (EF) Norweb 589 (FDC)

(Old ESC)

1236B 1237 1238A

3081 (FDC)

SNC 2001 M.R. 22, 298 (EF) SNC19955610(EF) Glens1962,138(FDC) M.R. 22, 299 (GEF) Selig 1222 PC(RF/NP) (VAS) Selig 1224 (VAS) Selig 1226 (VAS) Dolphin 2. 626 (FDC) Glen 1962/10/4,13 (EF)

1240 1240 1240A 1215 1241

1242A 1243 1243A 1244A

1245

ESC 2159 2161 2163 2165 2166 2167 2169 2170 2171 2172 2173 2175 2177 2179 2180 2182

Variety

Provenance SNC2010,9043 (VAS) M.R.22/315(UNC) M.R. 17/403(GEF)

HONI/S 1820 H NI S IT

Θ

Θ 1764 1 D rev 1775 D2 1778PD1Pln

(VAS)

PC(RF/NP)

1787 Pat

E F Thicker 1787 Pat F G Droz rev H Obv 1798CuThk 1798 P I obv

Glen1962/10/4 138 Selig 1221 (VAS) DNW93 1665(GEF) ESC 1242a M.R. 19, 179 (FDC) Selig 1225 (VAS)

(1816)

W&R 183

Pat

GEORGE III - NINEPENCE 1480 2184 1812 P B2 Selig 1259 (FDC) 1479 XXX 1825 Mule 9d/¼d?

617

1236A 1236C 1238 1239 1240

1241A 1242 1242A 1243 1244

,380 (VAS)

J Au

GEORGE III - SIXPENCES 1626 SNC2006,7152 (GEF) 2187 1787 P Pln 2006,7153 (GEF) 1628 SNC 2189 1787with ht 1629 ,DNW 89 2190 1816 Bole 165 1631 2192 1816/4? 1631A 2193 B/3 Bole 4, 50 (EF+) 1632 SNC2005,6762 (GEF) 2195 1817 P Pln 1633A (FDC 2197 Bole 1, 1748 SNC 2006,7160 (UNC) 1634 2199 1818 P Mil 1636 SNC 2006,7162 (EF) 2201 1819 sm 8 1636B DNW 90 2202 T/B Bole 167 1637 2204 1820 Bole 1, 1750 (EF+) 2206 1820 P Mil 1639A SPK 201,370 (EF) 2208 HONI/S 1639C? Bole 3,166 (NEF) 2210 1786 Pat 1640 Pat Selig 1228 (VAS) 2212 C/2 1641 Trial 2213 D Pb DNW 101 722 (EF) Pat 2215 E/1 Mill 1643 Pat 2216 E/1 Au DNW 891740(AVF) 1644 Pat. 2218 E/2 Pln 1646 Pat. E/2Mill 2220 Bole 1, 1742(AE) Au 1647 Pat 2222 E/3Au Pl Bole 1, 1743 (AEF) 1649 2 x obvs Cu 2224 Bole 1, 1745 (GEF) 1651 Pat 2226 F Plain Bole 1, 1747 (GEF) (EF) ? Bole 3,167 2228 Barb.Pat B

(Old ESC)

SNC2003, 5694(FDC) Bald. 52 620 (EF)

1478 1479A

1627

SNC 2011,9791 (VAS) SNC 2006,7158 (UNC) Bole 5, 1459 (EF) Bole 15 DNW 92 Bole 3,162 (AFDC) Bole 1, 1749(FDC SNC 2010,9244(UNC) Bole 167 DNW 90 SNC20056765(GEF Bole 1, 1751 (FDC) Bole 3,165 (EF+) Glens1962,138(FDC) Bole 1, 1737(EF+ DNW 101721(EF) M.R. 19, 181(EF) Bole 1, 1738 (AVF) Bole 1, 1741 (GEF) Bole 1,1745(AEF) Bole 1,1746(EF+) Bole 5, 1457(GEF Bole 3, 168 (EF)

1629 1630 1631B 1631A 1633

1635 1636A 1636B 1638 1639 1639B? 1625 1640A 1641 1642 1643 1645 1646A 1648 1650 1652 ?

PROVENANCES ESC 2229 2231 2233 2235 2237 2239 2241

Variety 1763 1766 1780 1786 1795 1817 1820

2242 2244 2246 2247 2249 2251

1763 1765 1770 1772 1776 1784

2253 2254 2256 2258 2260 2260 2264 2266

1762 1763 1765 1766 1772 Small 1772 v sm 1784 1818

2269 2271 2273 2276 2279 2281

1763 1765 1772 1776 1780 1786 1816 1818 1820

2284

2285 2287 2289 2291 2294 2296 2298

1763 1765 1770 1776 1780 1784

GEORGE III - MAUNDY SETS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 2412 SNC 2010 9392 (GEF) 2230 1763 P 2414 SNC 2008 8568 (EF) 2232 1772 2416 SNC 2005 6646 (GEF) 2234 1784 2418 SNC 2005 6647(NEF) 2236 1792 Wire 2420 SNC 2005 6651 (EF) 2238 1800 2422 SNC 2005 6657 (EF) 2240 1818 2424 SNC 2005 6658 (EF)

Provenance

2413 6631(EF)

SNC 2005 DNW 79 3196 (VAS) SNC 2005 6648 (EF) SNC 20119797 (AEF) SNC 2011 9492 (GEF)

GEORGE III - MAUNDY GROATS 1908 2243 1763 P 1909 SNC 2000, 252 (EF) 2245 1766 (SNC 1977, 13623 (VF))

SNC

1914 1916

2421 2423

1910

2248 2250 2252

1772/0 1780 1786

(SNC2006,7176 (AVF))

1917

GEORGE III - MAUNDY THREEPENCES SNC 2010,9138 (UNC) 2033 (SNC 2006, 7241(VF)) 2034 2255 1763 P SJA 7, 395 (AEF) 2035 SNC 2001,3120 (AEF) 2257 1765/3 DNW 80, 166(VF) 2036 (SNC 2001, MS1475 (GVF)) 2259 1770 (SNC 2001, MS1475 (GF)) 2038 (SNC 2001, MS1477 (EF)) 2261 1772 v lge 2040 2263 1780 2042 (SNC 2001, MS1479 (F)) SJA 14, 244(UNC) 2265 1786 2267 1795 Au Wilson & Ras 153

GEORGE III - MAUNDY PENNIES 2353 2286 1763 P 2288 1766 (SNC 1977, 13623 (VF)) 2355 2290 1772 (Bald Arg1/6/13,239(EF) 2357 2293 1779 (SNC 1977, 13626 (VF)) 2359 2295 1781 (SNC 2003, 5210 (AEF)) 2361 2297 1786 2420 1795 lage lets 2299

2034A 2035A? 2037 2039 2041 2043 2043A

2238A 2240 2242 2243A 2245 2247

2047A?

2353a 2354 (SNC 2001, MS1686 (EF))

2356

(SNC 1977, 13625 (VF))

2358

(SNC 1977, 13627 (VF))

2360

(SNC 2006, 77355(AVF))

2362

Maundy odds are found easily so ignored from this reign onwards 618

1913 1915

(SNC 2003, 5208 (AEF))

1795No st obv

2419

1908A

GEORGE III - MAUNDY HALFGROATS 2238 2270 1763 P SNC 1987 6646(VAS) 2239 (VF) 2272 1766 M.R. 7/225 (SNC 2001, MS1611 (VF)) 2241 (SNC 2001, MS1612 (VF)) 2274 1772 7/6 2243 MAG (SNC 2001, MS1613 (GF)) 1776 (SNC 1970, 7351 (EF)) 2244 2280 1784 SJA 14, 245(UNC) 2246 Rich.Sum 2006,142(EF) 2282 1786Lg lets (SNC 2006, 7284(VF)) 2283 1817 (SNC 2006, 7285(VF)) 1819 (SNC 2006, 7286(EF)) 2268 1795 Au Wilson & Ras 154

7/7

2415 2417

1911 1912

2001 MS1391 (VF)

(Old ESC)

2421

PROVENANCES ESC 2310 2312 2314 2316 2317 2318 2320 2322 2328 2330 2332 2334 2336 2338 2340 2342 2344 2346 2350 2352 2353

Variety 1821 2nd 1821 P2nd 1821 P Cu 1821 P Cu 1821 rev 1 1822 2nd 1822 3rd 1820 P / A 1a 1823 P Pln 1829PA/2 1825 Barton 1826 P 7th 1826 P Pln P Cu C/3 1828 D/3Cu 1829P E/4 1829 E/4 Cu Pat Pat

G/5 F/5

Tooth beading ‘22 uni ob. pb

2355

Patt Uni

G/6Wm Ag

Uni Pln

2356 2358 2358 2360 2361 2363 2365 2366 2368 2370 2372 2373 2375 2377 2379 2381 2383 2385 2386

Obv.

Trial A 1820 P 1821Light g 1821PLight 1821Phevy 1823 1823 P 1824 P 1824 1825 PMill 1825 P Pln 1826 1828 1820 Pat D1 1822 Pat E 1823 Pat F 1824 P 1 G Mill 1824Pat 1 G Pln Obv.

GEORGE IV - CROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 246 WWP inverted SNC 2001,1875 (VAS) 2311 , 4370(FDC) 247 SNC 2002 2313 248 Spink 69,359 (FDC) 2315 249 Norweb 1067 EF 2317 1821 obvA 250 DNW 89,2203(VAS) 2317 1821 P 3rd 251 Spink 1, 276 Mint) 2319 1822 P2nd (Mint) 252 Roekel 211 2321 1822 P 3rd 262 2323 Lingford 507 254 Lingford 514 (FDC) 2329 1823P Wm 266 2331 1825P B/3 Lingford 507 256 Spink 1 277 FDC) 2333 2335 257 2337 Norweb 275 FDC 258 Willis 5185 (VAS) 2339 1826 LVIII 258B 1828 2341 D/3Cu 265 1828Pat Norweb 1645 EF 2343 D/3 1829P 2345 E/4 SNC1969, 9989 (FDC) 267 135 (AFDC) 269 Spink 38 2348 1829 Pat 2350 G/5 259 2351 G/5 Au DNW 89 2202 (VAS) 261 Pat 2352 F/5 Glens 1961, 131 262A Pat 2353 A/6Wm Lingford 506 Uni Cu Rees-Jones 222VAS Pat 265B 2355 G rev 6 DNW 113 214 (EF) Glens 11/1979 348 182? P 8th Lingford 529 GEORGE IV - HALFCROWNS 628A? Adams 607 (EF) 2357 1820 629 Rev. 2358 1 Bull (FDC) Adams 609 629 Bull 2359 1820 P Pln 631 Rev. Bull (VAS) Adams 612 2360 1a 623(GEF) 632 Spink 147 2362 1821Heavy 632A Bull(FDC Adams 615 2364 1823Heavy 634 Rev. DNW 83,3145(GEF) 2365 2 635 Adams 619 (VAS) 2367 1824 637 2369 1824 P Cu 5543(Mint) 639 SNC 1975, 2371 1825 643 Rev. Adams 631 (FDC) 2372 3 (FDC) 644 Adams 632 2374 1825P Bart 646 DNW 83,3149(GEF) 2376 1826 P 648 Adams 637 (GEF) 2378 1829 1820 Pat 649A 2380 D2 Adams 611 (FDC) 1822 Pat Pln 650 2382 E SNC 1991, 3691 652 1824 Pat Adams 616 (FDC) 2384 F 639A 2385 1824 P Pln Adams 623 (FDC) 639B 2387 1824 P Au Adams 624 (GEF)

(Old ESC)

Provenance Barr 292 (EF)

246A

250

DNW 89, 2203 Willis 515 (VAS)

250 251A

Spink 31

404(AFDC)

253

SNC 1993 ,2624a Willis 515 (VAS)

254A

Glens 1962, 158 (EF) Norweb 595 EF Spink 96 284 (VAS) Lingford 527(FDC) Lingford 530 Glens 1961,130 Wilson & Ras 255 Glens 1961,130 DNW 113 213 (EF) Glens 11/1979 349 DNW 113 214 (EF)

258A

255

Adams 608 (GEF) Bull Norweb 276 FDC Bull Adams 614 (VF) Adams 617 (EF) Bull Adams 620 (EF) Norweb 1068 VAS Adams 629 (GEF) Bull Adams 633 (FDC) Adams 636 (FDC) Adams 638 (GEF) Adams 610(VAS)

264 263 268 270 259 260 261 265A

265B 258C

628 629 630 631 631A 633 634 636 638 642 643 645 647 649 649B? 651

(FDC)

Adams 621 Norweb 1068 Spink 38 135(EF)

653 639B 640

(continued) 619

PROVENANCES ESC 2388 2390 2391 2393

Variety 1824 P Cu

2394 2396 2398 2400 2402 2403 2405 2407 2409 2410 2412 2414 2416 2418

1820 P 1821 1823 1824 1825 1825 P 1825 1825 P 1826 1826/2or8 1827 1829 P 1824 Pat C 1825PatBart

2420 2421 2423 2425 2427 2429 2431 2433 2435 2437 2439 2441 2443

1820 P Mil 1821 1821 P Mil 1824 1825 1825 Barton 1826 P Pln 1826 1826 P Mil 1827 1829 1825 P Mil 1826 Pat C

2444 2446 2448 2450 2452 2454 2456

1822 1823 1825 1826 1827 1828 P 1830

1824P Uni Bart 1824 P 2 obli Binfield Cu

G H

Provenance Adams 626 (VAS) Adams 628 (VAS) Adams 625 (FDC) Adams 639 (FDC)

(Old ESC) 641 641B 639C

ESC 2389 2390 2392

Variety 1824 P Pb Pat G Bartons Binfield HAg

655

GEORGE IV – SHILLINGS 1246 2395 1820PJBM Norweb 597 VAS 2776 (VAS) 1247 Sommer 2397 1821 P Mil 1249 Sommer 2777 GEF 2399 1823 P 1251 Sommer 2778 (VAS) 2401 1824 P 1253 DNW 89,1993(GEF) 2402 2 1253A SNC 2003, 5504(VAS) 2404 1825/3 1254 Roman date SNC 2006,7796 (VAS) 2406 I 1255 SNC 20109223 (FDC) 2408 1825PBartn 1257 SNC 2011, 9731 (EF) 2409 1826 1257A 2411 1826 P SNC 2010,9047 (VF) 1259 M.R. 22/345 (VAS) 2413 1829 SNC 2002, 2541(FDC) 1261 2415 C 5727(VAS) 1263 SNC 2003, 2417 1825 Pat D ,2411 (FDC) 1265 1826 Trial SNC 2000 2419 E GEORGE IV - SIXPENCES 1653 Norweb 498 (EF) 2420 A/1 1996 (GEF) 1654 DNW 89 2422 1821 Plain ,3369 (FDC) 1655 BBITANNIAR SNC 2002 2424 SNC 2010,9245 (UNC) 1657 2426 1824 P Mil 3166(VAS) 1659 DNW 83, 2428 1825 P 1659B (Not traced) 2430 1826 1661 2432 1826 P Mil Bole 1, 1757 (GEF) 1662 Extra tuft hair DNW 86,1144 (GEF) 2434 SNC 2010,9246 (FDC) 1663 2436 1826P Pew 1664 DNW 83,3169(AEF) 2438 1828 1666 2440 1829 P Mil Spk 224, 771 (GEF) 1668 1825 thick flan 2442 Bole 1, 1756 (EF+)

Provenance Adams 627 (VF) Adams 628 (VAS) Norweb 596 FDC

SNC 2002 2537(FDC) Spink 12 339 (FDC) SNC 2000, 2407(FDC) SNC 2002,2538(FDC) DNW 102, 2658 SNC 1978 11989(VAS) DNW104 548 (AF) SNC 1975,218 (FDC) SNC 20109370 (AEF) SNC 2010,9371 (FDC) Sommerville 2784 (EF) Glens 1968 265 Baldwn.44 979 (FDC) Spink 203, 356 (VF) Bole 1752 DNW 89 Bole 1, 1753 (EF+) SNC 20109109 (GEF) Bole 1, 1754 (EF+) (Not traced) DNW 83,3167(AEF) Bole 3, 172 (EF+)

(Old ESC) 641A 641B 654

1246A 1248 1250 1252 1253 1253B 1254A 1256 1257 1258 1260 1262 1264 1265A

1653 1654A 1656 1658 1659A 1660 1661A 1662A

Bole 3, 1738 (NVF) Bole 1, 1759 (VAS) Bole 1, 1760 (AFDC)

1663A 1665 1667 1668A

1669

GEORGE IV - MAUNDY SETS 2425 DNW 79 3255 (Mint) 2445 1822 P 7179 (AEF) 2427 SNC 2006 2447 1824 2429 DNW 83 3173 (GVF) 2449 2d - T/B 2430 SNC 2008 8577 (AEF) 2451 2d - T/B 2431 2453 1828 SNC 2011 9499(EF+) 2433 2455 1829 9798(AFDC 2435 1822 Sm head SNC 2011

620

2426

SNC 2011

9496 (EF)

2428 2429A 2430A

SJA 12, 836 (EF+) SNC 2008 8579 (AEF) Esc 2425 (EF)

2432 2434 2425

PROVENANCES Variety A W.W.incus 1831 P Pln 1831 P Pln 1831 P Au 1834 P Pln B1/2 B1/2 A1/2 1837 Pat 4

WILLIAM IV - CROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 2460 A1 W.WYON Slaney 229 (FDC) 273 WW/W Wyon 2461 Lingford 535 271 2462 1831 P Pln Spk 85 119 (GEF) 272 Glens 4/1972, 378 2464 1832Pat Pb 275 SJA 6, 315 (FDC) 2466 276 2467 B1/2 Glens 1961,136 276 136 2468 B1/2 Pln Pb Glens 1961, 2470 18-- Pat 3 SNC 1997 5647(FDC) 278 Lingford 541

2474 2476 2478 2480 2482 2484 2486

Variety 1831 Rev. 1834 WW 1831P WW 1834 WW 1834 P Pln 1836 WW S/S 1837 WW

WILLIAM IV - HALFCROWNS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 656 (Not traced) 2473 1831 P ww 2473 Obv. PC (M. Bull) (FDC) 660 Adams 643 (GEF) 2475 1834 P W.W. 659 Adams 642 (FDC) 2477 1831 P WW 662 Adams 644 (GEF) 2479 1834 P ww 664 (Not traced) 2481 1835 WW (EF) 666 Adams 648 2483 1836/5 2485 1836 P Pln Bull 667 Adams 650 (GEF)

2487 2489 2490 2492 2494 2496 2498

1831 P mil 1834 obv.rv 1834 P 1835 1836 1836 P Cu 1837 P

WILLIAM IV - SHILLINGS SNC 2005 6325 (FDC) 1267 2488 1831 P Pln 1268 2489 1834 SNC 2005,6720(VAS) 1269 SNC 2003,5513 (VAS) 2491 1834P rnd3 Sommer 2787 (VAS) 1271 2493 1835P rnd3 SNC 2001,1988 (UNC) 1273 2495 1836P rnd3 1275 2497 1837 SNC 2000 2415 (FDC) 1277

2499 2501 2503 2504 2506 2508 2509 2511 2513

1831 1831P Pln 1831P Pall 1834 1834 P 1835 1835 P Mil 1836 P Mil 1881 P Mil

2515 2517 2519

2 obv/rev 1836 1836 P Pln 1836 P Au

ESC 2460 2462 2463 2465 2467 2467 2469 2471 ESC 2472

Provenance Glens 1961,138 Bald FPL Wintr 2010 Norweb 278 (FDC) Lingford 536 SJA 23,239 (VAS) Glens.5/1974,192 (EF) Lingford 542

(Old ESC) 273 271A? 271 274 275A 276 277

(Old ESC) Provenance 657 Adams 640 (FDC) FDC 640 657 Bull Adams 661 (Not traced) 658 Adams 641 (FDC) 663 Adams 646 (FDC) 665 Adams 647 (GEF) 666A (M. Bull) (GEF) PC 666B (Not traced)

Sommerville 2785 FDC Sommer 2786 (AEF) SNC 1977,394 (UNC) SNC 1977,394 (UNC) SNC 1977,394 (UNC) Sommerville 2789(GEF)

1266 1268 1270 1272 1274 1276

WILLIAM IV - SIXPENCES 1670 DNW 101743(VAS) 2500 1831P Mil (FDC) 1672 1831P Pln Spink 12 343 2502 thin

DNW 59,367 (FDC) Bole 2, 170 (AFDC)

1671

SNC 20109247 (UNC)

SNC 2010,9112 (EF)

1674A

1672A

1673

1674 1674B

(VAS)

Bole 1, 1763 Bole 1, 1764 (FDC) Bole 1, 1765 (AFDC) Bole 1, 1766 (GEF)

1676 1677 1679 1681

2505 2507 2508 2510 2512 2514

1834 large 1834P rnd3 A 1836 1852 B obv/rev

WILLIAM IV - GROATS 1925 3 rev. SNC 1998, 2122 ,2119 (VAS) 1918 SNC 1998 2516 1836 P 1920 M.R. 20,160 (AFDC) 2518 1836 P Au 1921A Glens 5/1974 (195e) 2520 1837 621

1675 DNW 89

Bole 1763 Bole 3, 179 (VAS) SNC 2007,2974 (GVF) Bole 3, 180 (VF)

1676 1678 1680 1681A?

SNC 1998, 2123 1919 SNC 1998,2121 (FDC) (AFDC) 1921 M.R. 11/166 1922 SNC 2008 8629 (GEF) (continued)

PROVENANCES Variety 1837 P 1836 PMill

(Old ESC)

ESC 2521 2523 2525 2527 2529

1836 P 1836 P Au

Provenance Norweb 1669 (VAS) M.R. 20,161 (AFDC) W&R 273 M.R. 20,163 (AFDC) Glens 5/1974 (196d)

2531 2532 2533 2535 2537

1834 SH 1835 SH 1836 SH 1834 LH 1836 LH

WILLIAM IV - THREEPENCES 2044 2531 1834 M.R. 21/267 (Unc) 2045 2532 1835 M.R. 21/268 (Unc) 2046 SNC 2002,2581(EF) 2534 1837 SH 2044 2536 1835 LH 2046 2538 1837 LH

ESC 2539 2541 2543 2546

Variety 1834 1835 1836 1837P

2547 2549 2551 2553 2555

1831 1831 P Au 1833 1835 1837

2560 2560 2562 2564 2566 2568 2570 2571 2572 2574 2576 2578 2580 2582 2584 2586 2588 2590 2592 2594

1839 P Pln 1839 P Pln 1844 VIII 1845 VIII 1845 1847 DEC S U 1847 Pat 2

1836 P Pln Au

1847 P 7th 1847 P Pln 1847 VIP 1847 Pwm 1853 P 7th 1887 P JH 1888 wide 1890 1892 1893P LVI

1923 1924 1925A 1926 1928

ESC 2522 2524 2526 2528 2530

Variety 1837 P 1836 P Pln Pln Au thin flan

1836 P Pln 1836 P Au

Provenance DNW 43,857 (VAS) M.R. 20,162 (AFDC) W&R 274 Norweb 1071 (VAS) Wilson & Ras 272

(Old ESC)

SNC 2002,2578 (AEF) SNC 2002,2580 (EF)

2044

(SNC 2002,2582 (Min))

2047

1925B 1927 1928A

2045

2045 2047

WILLIAM IV - THREE-HALFPENCES (Old ESC) ESC Variety Provenance Provenance 2250 SNC 1998,3741(FDC) 2540 1834 P SNC 2000,3166 (FDC) (SNC 1987, 4561 (GEF)) 2251 2542 1835/4 Baldwin 55 2447 (EF) (SNC 2003, 5192 (EF)) 2252 (SNC 2001, 1298 (GF)) 2545 1837 (SNC 2001, 1298 (GF))

1923A 1925

(Old ESC) 2250A 2251A 2253

2253A

WILLIAM IV - MAUNDY SETS 2436 DNW 76,141 (VAS) 2548 1831 P 2438 Spink 120 644 (FDC) 2550 1832 2440 DNW 79 ,3270 (VAS) 2552 1834 9507 (EF) 2442 SNC 2011 2554 1836 2444 SNC 2011, 9509 (EF) VICTORIA - CROWNS 279 2560 A Small Norweb 281 VAS (FDC) 279 SJA 23 251 2561 1844 VIII 281 SNC 2002, 4378 (EF) 2563 1844 P 1845AANNO 282 2565 Spink 1 284 (Mint) 282A Bruno 118 (EF) 2567 1847 XI 286A Glens. 1972, 61 (VF) 2569 287 2571 1847 P Pln 288 2571 1847 P11th DNW, 97, 385 2573 1847Frosted 2575 1847P 11th 290 Norweb 617 (VAS) 2577 1847 P Pln 291B 2579 1847 P Pln P.C. (M.L.) Bald FPL.Winter 2008, 51 291A 2581 1847 P Au 292A Lingford 568FDC 2583 1853 P Pln 293 Norweb 1072 (VAS) 2585 1887 JH ,9404 (FDC) 297 SNC 2011 2587 1888 narrow 298A Barr 454 (VAS) 2589 1889 wide 300 DNW 111,279(GEF) 2591 1891 obv C 302 SNC 2002 2797(UNC) 2593 1893 LVI 304 SNC 20022800(AFDC 2595 1893 LVII 622

Spink 171,137 (VAS) Spink 183, 228 (EF) SNC 2008 8582 (EF) SNC 2011 9799 (GEF)

DNW, 97, 379 Norweb 1076VAS Whetmore158(FDC) P.C. (A.H.) Roekel 219 (VAS)

2437 2439 2441 2443

279 280 280A 282B 286

288 Bald.48 5039 (FDC) 288 Norweb 282 FDC 289 Whetmore162 (EF) 288/291 Barr 123 (VAS) 291 Bruno 124 (FDC) 291C P.C. (M.L.) 292 Wilson & Ras 368 (FDC) 294 Roekel 223 296 Roekel 224 (UNC) 574 (VAS) 298 DNW 104 299 Barr 455 (GEF) 301 DNW, 97, 392 303 DNW 111,281(GEF) 305 Barr 309 (AEF) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 2596 2598 2600 2602 2604 2606 2608 2610 2612 2612 2614 2616 2618 2619 2621 2623 2625 2627 2629 2631 2633 2635 2637 2639 2641 2643 2645 2647 2647 2649 2650 2651 2652 2654 2656 2658 2660 2662 2664 2666 2668 2670 2672 2674 2676

Variety 1894 LVII 1895 LVIII 1896 LIX 1897 LX 1898 LXI 1899 LXII 1900 LXIII

Provenance Barr 310 (GEF) Barr 312 (GVF) Barr 315 (AEF) DNW 111,285(VAS) Roekel 242 (UNC) DNW 97 406 (VAS) Barr 323 (VAS)

1837 Unfinished in WM

F obv 1837 Pat F 1837 F Cu 1837F Wm 1837 P Pb 1837 P Mil 1837 P Sn

1

small

I ob/rev 1839 Pat J 1844 Large 1844 Star stops

1845 Thin 1845 Heavy 1845 VIII 1845 IX Pat Mfrosted C thin Rv.Cu 1879 P Pln Pt O unsigned 1879 Pat D 1892Pat Q (1893 P) Pb R 1839 DIRIGE Patn Wm

306 308 310 312 314 316 318 321B

Glens 1961, 156 Spink 163 233 (VAS) Norweb 1078 (VAS) Spink 4 674 (AEF)

320

(Willis 587 (EF))

324

320 321 323

325 (Lingford 548)

327

328

1837 P L&S 15 L&S 17 L&S 19 L&S 20 L&S 22 L&S 24 L&S 26 L&S 28 L&S 30 L&S 32 1839 P Pln 1839 P Pln DIRIGE

(Old ESC)

333 333

Whetmor 144(FDC) Glens 1961, 143

332

Glens 1961, 146

337

Willis 596 (VAS)

338

Lingford 563 Lingford 564 Whetmore 151(EF)

340

Lingford 573(VAS)

295

335 336

340A 341A

359

Lingford 580 Lingford 581 Lingford 551 Spink 6 793 (FDC)

360

ESC 2597 2599 2601 2603 2605 2607 2609 2611 2612 2613 2615 2617 2618 2620 2622 2624 2626 2628 2630 2632 2634 2636 2638 2640 2642 2644 2646 2647 2648

Variety Provenance 1894 LVIII Barr 311 (GEF) 1895 LIX Barr 314 (VAS) LX 1896 Barr 316 (UNC) 1897 LXI Barr 318 (VAS) 1898 LXII Barr 320 (UNC) 1899 LXIII Barr 322 (GEF) 1900 LXIV DNW 97409 (VAS) 1837PatF1White metal F rev 4 Glens 1961,156 Au 1837P F Glens 4/1972, 379 1837F Wm Norweb 1079 (VAS) 1837F Al Norweb 1080 (VA)S 1837 PPew (Willis 589 (EF)) 1837 P Cu 1837 P Pb Spink 119 203 (VAS) 1837P Wm L&S 16 L&S 18 L&S 19A L&S 21 L&S 23 L&S 25 L&S 27 L&S 29 L&S 31 L&S 33 1839 P Pln 1839 P Au

Lingford 550

2650 2652 2653 2655 2657 2659 2661 2663 2665 2667 2669 2671 2673 2675

1839 P Pln Rev. 1844 Small 1845 Pat L 1845 Patt M2 1845 P Au 1845 P Pln 1846Pat M C thin Ob.Cu C thin Rv.Pb 1888Pat T1 1890 Pat O Pat P (1894) Pat Q Pb

Whetmor 145(FDC) Glens 1961,146 Roekel 215 (Mint) Willis 595 (FDC) M.R. 16/115 (VAS) Wilson & Ras 367 Glens1962, 221 (FDC) Willis 598 (VAS)

Spink 117 230 (VF)

(Old ESC) 307 309 311 313 315 317 319 321A 320 320A 322 323A 324A 326 327A

328A

333 334

Slaney 235 (FDC)

335 337 338 338A 339 339A 283 341

357 358

360A 331

1839

P PlnAg 1839PlnWm

331B

623

331A 331B Norweb 280 (VAS) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC

Variety 1839Pat 1839 P Au rev 1847Pat 1847PlnWm 1879 P Pln Pln belo Obv.

Pat

1887 P Au 1887 P Al 1887 P Cn 1887 P Au 1887Bavaria 1 obv/ rev

2695 2697 2699 2703 xxxx 2706 2708 2709 2711 2713 2715 2717 2719 2720 2722 2724 2726 2728 2730 2732 2734 2736 2738 2740 2742 2744 2746 2748 2750

Provenance Lingford 554

(Old ESC)

ESC

329

Variety DIRIGIT

330

1839 P

Au

Pln Pln

DNW 113 Lingford 570

339

1847

342

1853 Pt Au

Whetmore153(FDC) Glens 1963,213 Glens 1962,230 Lingford 574 Norweb 1081VAS

295

236 (VAS)

(Lingford 568)

Au

Pat. P 1879 Pat 1887Pat Q4 Rev. 1887 P Cu 1887 P Pb 1887 P Mil 1887 PWm

343 346 347 349 351A

Wilson & Ras 370 Glens 7/1962, 231 (EF) Lingford 578

353

Provenance Glens 1961,152 Baldwin 80,2409 (GF) James 15,554(FDC) DNW 65, 429 (FDC) Spink 4 687 (VAS) Rashleigh 401 Spink 4 688 (EF) (Lingford 576)

344 346 348 351

(Lingford 576)

353A

357A

Whetmor 151 (FDC) Glens 11/1964,398 (EF)

I 887Roman 1887 Arabic 1888 Arabic 1890 Arabic

VICTORIA - DOUBLE FLORINS 394 Barr 459 (EF) 2696 I 887 P 2698 1887 P SNC 20011896 (UNC) 395 397 Barr 463 (EF) 2701 1889 399 Barr 467 (AEF) 2704 1890 pattern 663 (AFDC) 400 1868 P Pln Au Bald. 52 xxxx

Spink 157,569 (AFDC) Barr 462 (EF) SNC 20011896 (UNC) SNC 19986951 (FDC) Spink 55, 461(FDC)

1839 P Pln 1840 1842 1843 1844 no ser 1845 1846 1848 1848/6 1849 L date 1849 S date 1850 P 1853 P 1862 P Pln 1864 P Pln 1874 P 1874 P Au 1875 P 1876 1877

342A

354

1888Pat X Pln

1839 currency

331

352

(SNC 1993, 7216)

1839 relief 1839 P Pln 1839 P A2

329

(Lingford 567)

(1847 proof)

1868 P Mil Au

(Old ESC)

357A unique

Pattern

VICTORIA - HALFCROWNS 668 Adams 651 (Poor) 2707 1839 P 670 2708 A obv/rev DNW 113 261 (VAS) 671 (Not traced) 2710 1839PA2/3 672 Adams 655 (EF) 2712 1839 P 672B Adams 658 (VAS) 2714 1839 Lt wt 673 Adams 659 (GEF) 2716 1841 675 Adams 661 (GEF) 2718 1843 676A Adams 663 (VF) 2720 1844 Serifs 677 2721 1844 Serifs Norweb 494 VAS (UNC) 679 Adams 668 2723 1845/3 680 Adams 671 (UNC) 2725 1846 8/6 681 Adams 675 (EF) 2727 18/648 681B 2729 1848/7 Adams 675 (EF) 682 Adams 678 (GEF) 2731 1849/7 683 DNW 83,3236(AEF) 2733 1850 685 Adams 684 (GEF) 2735 1851 687 BullFDC Norweb1072 2737 1862 P 689 Adams 686 (FDC) 2739 1864 Pmill 691 Adams 688 (FDC) 2741 1874 693 (Not traced) 2743 1874PFrost 695 Wils & Ras 374 2745 1875 697 2747 1875 P Pln Adams 692 FDC 699 Adams 696 (EF) 2749 1876/5 (EF) 700 Adams 698 2751 1878 624

Adams 652 (FDC) DNW 113 261 (VAS) (Not traced) Adams 657 (GEF) Adams 656 (Fr-F) DNW 111,295(GEF) DNW 111,298 (EF) Adams 664 (UNC) Adams 667 (EF) Spink 204,283 (NVF) Adams 673 (GVF) M.R. 9/244 (Unc) Adams 674 (GEF) Adams 680(Fr) Adams 683 (EF) (Not traced)

394A 396 398 400 400A

669 670 671A 672A 672C 674 676 677 678 679A 680A 681A 681C 682A 684 ??? 688

690 Adams 687 (FDC) 692 Adams 690 (UNC) 694 Glens1962, 247 FDC) 696 Adams 691 (GEF) 698 (Not traced) 699A Adams 697 (GEF) (GEF) 701 Adams 699 (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 2752 2754 2756 2758 2760 2762 2764 2766 2768 2770 2772 2773 2775 2777 2779 2781 2783 2785 2787 2789 2791 2793

Variety 1878 P 1879 P 1880 1881 1881 P Pln 1883 1884 1885 P 1886 P 1887 P YH B obv/rev 1888 1890 1892 1893 P 1895 1897 1899 1901 1839PatD2 1875Pat EPln 1876 Pat GPln

2795 2797 2799 2801 2803 2805 2807 2809 2811 2813

H1 Milled H2 Milled H3 Milled H4 Milled H5 Milled H6 Milled ? 1890 Pat I Uniface rev I 1890PatK1 1890PatK2

2815 2817 2818

1849 milled DNW 101, 760 1849 no ww P.C. (M.L.) SNC 1990 1851Pstp Mil 4369 (FDC)

2820 2822 2824 2826

1852StopB1 1852/1Stop 1852 onc 1853 1854 1854 onc 1855 onc 1856 onc

2830 2832 2834

Provenance Adams 700 (FDC) Adams 704 (FDC) Adams 705 (GEF) Adams 709 (UNC) (Not traced) Adams 712 (GEF) Adams 724 (GEF) Adams 726 (FDC)

(Old ESC) 702 704 705 707 709 711 712 714 716

Adams 729 (FDC) DNW 113 286 (VAS) Adams 733 (UNC) Adams 740 (GEF) Adams 742 (GEF) DNW 113 293 (VAS) Adams 748 (UNC) Adams 751 (UNC) Adams 753 (UNC) Adams 755 (GEF)

718 720 721 723 725 727 729 731 733 735 736A

Adams 693 (FDC) Glens1962/10/4, 249

738 740

ESC 2753 2755 2757 2759 2761 2763 2765 2767 2769 2771 2772 2774 2776 2778 2780 2782 2784 2786 2788 2790 2792 2794

Variety 1879 1879 P Pln 1880 P 1881 P 1882 1883 P 1885 1886 1887 YH 1887 JH 1887 P JH 1889 1891 1893 1894 1896 1898 1900 1839PatD1 Pat 2 D P Mill 1875 Pat FPln 1876 P Au

Provenance Adams 701 (GEF) Spink 107 440 (FDC) Adams 707 (FDC) Adams 710 (FDC) Adams 711 (GEF) Spink 157,581 (FDC) Adams 725 (UNC) Adams 727 (UNC) DNW 111,317(VAS) Adams 730 (UNC) DNW 113 286 (VAS) Adams 736 (UNC) Adams 741 (GEF) Adams 744 (GEF) Adams 747 (UNC) Adams 749 (UNC) Adams 752 (GEF) Adams 754 (GEF) Glens1962/10/4, 242 Glens1963/10/4, 242 Adams 694 (VAS) Wilson & Ras 375

VICTORIA - PATTERN – H - HALFCROWNS dated 1884 742 2796 H1 Plain ? Adams 713 (Mint) Norweb 622 VAS 742B Adams 719 (Mint) 2798 H2 Plain ? 742D Adams 718 (Mint) 2800 H3 Plain Adams 715 (Mint) 742F 2802 H4 Plain Adams 717 (Mint) 742H 2804 H5 Plain ? Adams 714 (Mint) 742J 2806 H6 Plain Adams 716 (Mint) Pat Plain 743 2808 I SNC 19986965 (FDC) SNC 1998, 6965 743B Adams 737 (VAS) 2810 1890 Pat J 745 Pat 1 Cu Adams 738 (Mint) 2812 K Pln Adams 738 (Mint) (EF) 745B Uniface rev. Adams 739 2814 Adams 743 VICTORIA - FLORINS 802 1849 milled 2816 A2 802B 1851 Stop 804 2819 1851PPlnst 2819 1851PPlnst 2821 1852PMilst SNC 2003 4537(UNC) 806 2823 u/u inverted SNC 2003 4538 (VAS) 807A 2825 1853 Stop 808 2827 1853 P DNW 83, 3445 (GEF) 811 DNW 83,3446 (GVF) 2829 1854 2831 1855 P.C (M.L ) 2833 1856 B1 P.C (M.L ) 2835 1857 P.C (M.L ) 625

DNW 90, 672

Believed not to exist

(Old ESC) 703 704A 706 708 710 711A 713 715 717 719 720 722 724 726 728 730 732 734 736 737 739 741

742A 742C 742E 742G 742I 742K 743A 744 745A 745C

802A 803

805 Spink 140 723 (AFDC) 805 SJA 2, 458 (AFDC) 1070 (VAS) 807 DNW 43, P.C (M.L ) 808A P.C (M.L ) 809 M.R. 8 300 (VAS) 811A Spink 140 733 (AEF) 4544 (UNC) 812 SNC 2003 813A SNC 2010,8991(UNC) 814 DNW 111,331 (VAS) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 2836 2838 2840 2842 2844 2846 2848 2850 2852 2853 2855 2857 2859 2860 2862 2864 2866 2868 2870 2872 2874 2876 2878 2880 2882 2884 2886 2888 2890 2891 2893 2895 2897 2899 2901 2903 2904 2906 2908 2910 2911

2924 2926 2928 2930

Variety 1857 P 1858 B1 1858 onc 1859 Stop 1860 Stop 1862 B1 1862 P Pln 1863 P Pln 1865 B2 1864 P 1866 B2 1867 (1) 1865: B2 1867P Mil 1867 B5 1869 (17) 1869 P m/minverted 1871 (48) 1871 P Pln 1872 (62) 1873 P 1874/3 B3 1876 (23) 1877 Stop 1877 Stop 1878 P 1879 B3/6 1879 1879 B7 1879 P Pln 1880 B8 1881 B8 1881 P Pln 1883 P Pln 1884 B8 1885 B8 1886 B8 1887 1887 P3/8

a. B-ii c. B-ii b. B-iii a. B-iv

Provenance SNC 1980,3689 (AFDC) DNW 111,332(VAS) P.C (M.L ) DNW 111,333 (VAS) DNW 111,334 (EF) M.R. 8 301 (VAS) M.R. 19 215 (FDC) SNC 2004,6147 (GEF) P.C (M.L ) DNW 83, 3454

(Old ESC) 815 816B

817 819 820 821A 823

824

(SNC 1993, 2642)

825

SNC 2003, 4551(VAS) DNW 111,340 (AEF) SNC 2011,9430 (GEF) Spink 89 185 (FDC)

828

DNW 111

341 (GEF)

(Not traced)

830 827 831 832A 834 835

P.C (M.L ) DNW 111,343 (GEF) SNC 2000 213 (AFDC) SNC 2003 4556 (VAS) (Not traced)

837 839 840 842

SNC 2003 4558 (EF) SNC 20067471 (AEF) Spink 199, 155 (GEF) Spink 140 796 (GEF) (SNC 1994, 7251)

843A 845 847 848A 849A

DNW 83,

851

SNC 2003 4559 (VAS) Spink 107 440 (FDC) SNC 2010 9002 (GEF) SNC 2010 9003 (VAS) Spink 140 812 FDC) Spink 157 585 (FDC) SNC 2008 8537(GEF) DNW 111, 351(VAS) DNW 111, 352 (VAS) SNC 2003 5445 (UNC) SNC 1992 7703 (FDC)

852

3468(VF)

853A 854 856 858

ESC 2837 2839 2841 2843 2845 2847 2849 2851 2853 2854 2856 2858 2860 2861 2863 2865 2867 2869 2871 2873 2875 2877 2879 2881 2883 2885 2887 2889 2890 2892 2894 2896 2898 2900 2902

859A 860 861 863 866 867

2905 2907 2909 2910 2911

Variety 1857 onc 1858 P 1859 m/minverted 1860 onc 1862 P Mil 1863 1864 1864BRIT 1864P Hvy 1865 1866 un/nu 1865 colon 1866 colon 1867 P Pln 1868 B3 n over invert n

1870 (2) 1870 P 1871 P 1871 P

nickel

1873B3(6) 1874 (55) 1875 (45) 1877B3 1877B5 stop 1878 (55) 1878 1879 B6 1879 B5/6 1879 P Pln 18·80 1880 P 1881 P 1883 B8 a-v 1884/2 1885 P 1886 P 1887 B9 1887 P

(Old ESC)

Provenance P.C (M.L )

816A

,3451 (EF)

DNW 83 DNW 30,317 (VF+) P.C (M.L ) SJA 2, 459 (AFDC) DNW 111,336 (EF+) P.C (M.L ) SNC 2003 4548(UNC) SNC 2000,0070 (GVF) P.C (M.L ) SNC 2003, 4551(VAS) SNC 2003 4550 (UNC) (Not traced)

818 818A

821 822

824 824A

828A 827 829

(FDC)

Norweb 285 SNC 2010,8996 (GEF) P.C (M.L ) Spink 203,389 (UNC) B.M. Collection SNC 2000 212 (AFDC)

832 833 834A 836 836A 838 839A

SNC 2003 4557 (UNC) DNW 111,346 (GEF) SNC 2009 8840 (GEF) Spink 140 793(FDC) SNC 20108998 (GEF) DNW 111,348 (VAS) P.C (M.L ) Spink 140 801 (GEF) Spink 120, 566 (EF) Spink 107 440 (FDC) SNC 2010 9002 (GEF) Norweb 1084(VAS) Spink 6 815 (FDC) Spink 140,841 (UNC) SNC 2002 3081 (Not traced) Spink 157 586 (FDC)

841 843 844 846 848 849

851 850 853

855 857 859 860 860A? 862

(Spink55,485 (AFDC))

864

SNC 2002 3115 (UNC) SNC 1998 1977 (FDC)

866 867

VICTORIA - 1848 PATTERN FLORINS Struck en medaille ↑↑with plain edges (unless stated otherwise) 895 896 2925 b. B-ii SNC 2002 3083(FDC) 897 898 (FDC) 593 (FDC) 2927 a. B-iii Norweb 625 Spink 157 899 900 DNW 89 2246 (VAS) 2929 c. B-iii DNW 78,412 (AFDC) 901 902 Spink 109 348 (FDC) 2931 b. B-iv Baldwn 80 2403(GEF) (continued) 626

PROVENANCES (Old ESC)

ESC 2932 2934 2936 2938 2940 2942 2944 2945 2947 2949

Variety Provenance c. B-iv Spink 157 594 (FDC) b. C-i Baldwn 802404 (VAS) a. C-vi Spink 109 354 (FDC) c. C-vi Spink 157 597 (FDC) b. C-vii Norweb 629 (FDC) Bald 80 2406 VAS bi.B-ii SEPTIMO Biv.C-vi 1875 P Pln Norweb 630 FDC 1887 Pat F SNC 1999 1541 (FDC) Pat 1891 H

2950 2952 2954 2956 2958

1887 JH 1888 1889 1891 1892 P

VICTORIA JUBILEE HEAD FLORINS 2951 1887P JH SNC 2010 9007 (VAS) SNC 2010 9006 (GEF) 868 Narrow space SNC 2007 8097 (GEF) 870 2953 P.C (M.L ) 8779 (VAS) 871 SNC 2009, 2955 1890 SNC 2002 3119 (UNC) SNC 2002 3121 (UNC) 873 2957 1892 SNC 2002 3122 (UNC) 875 Norweb 286 FDC 2958 1892 P Bald. FPLWin‘11/12.105

2959 2961 2963 2965 2967 2969

1893 1894 1896 1898 1899 P 1901

VICTORIA OLD HEAD FLORINS 876 SNC 2008 8612 (VAS) 2960 1893 P SNC 2007 8178 (GEF) 878 2962 1895 SNC 2008 8613(UNC) 880 2964 1897 SNC 2008 8614 (UNC) 882 2966 1899 (GEF) 883A SJA 2, 511 2968 1900 885 SNC 2008 8617 (VAS)

ESC 2970 2971 2973 2975 2977 2979 2981 2983 2984 2986 2988 2990 2992 2994 2996 2998 2998 3000 3002 3004

Variety A1/1 1838 P 1839 P Mule 3 A /A1 1839P ↑↓ 1839 P 1840 P 1841 1842 D/F 1843 1845 1849 1850/46 1851 1852 1852 1853 P Mil 1854/4 1856

903 905 907 909 911 913 915 916 918

ESC 2933 2935 2937 2939 2941 2943 2944 2946 2948

Variety a. C-i c. C-i b. C-vi a. C-vii c. C-vii biii.C-vii Mule 2 rev.

Provenance Spink 38 162 (FDC) SNC 2003 4528(FDC) Norweb 628 (FDC) SNC 2003 4532 (VAS) SNC 2005 6314 (FDC) SEPTIMO

SNC 2003,4534

SNC 1977, 8345 (VAS)

1876 Pat E 1890PatG

(Old ESC) 904 906 908 910 912 914 915 917 918A

918

VICTORIA - SHILLINGS (Old ESC) ESC Variety Provenance 2970 1838 SNC 2003 4562(UNC) 1278 SNC 1999 5239 (FDC) 1279 2972 1839 1281 2974 1839 P Pln 1278A 2976 1839 2978 1839 P Pln Sommer 2794(AFDC 1284A 2980 1840 1286 SNC 1992 912 (FDC) 2982 D over F 1287 Sommer 2796 (VAS) 2984 1842 C. Tasker 1288 (P.C. ) 2985 1842 P 1290 M.R. 22/422 (Unc) 2987 1844 SNC 2003 4572 (UNC) 1292 2989 1846 2991 1848/6 Sommer 2803 (VAS) 1295 2993 1850 (SNC 1986, 6200) 1296A 2995 1850/49 SNC 2003 4577 (UNC) 1298 3997 2998 A3&4 SNC 20067799 (UNC) 1299 1299 Sommer 2807 (VAS) 2999 1853 1301 Spink 12 350 (FDC) 3001 1854 SNC 2003 4581 (UNC) 1302A 3003 1855 1304 DNW 75,546 (VAS) 3005 1857 627

SNC 2010 9008(FDC) SNC 2007 8179 (EF) SNC 2010 9009 (EF) SNC 2008 8615 (UNC) SNC 2009 8780 (VAS)

869 870A 872 874 875

877 879 881 883 884

(Old ESC) Provenance 1278 DNW 111,359 (GEF) 2791 (GEF) 1280 Sommerville 1282 Spink 157 601 (FDC) 4564 (UNC) 1283 SNC 2003 1284 Norweb 1689 (FDC) 1285 M.R. 22/419 (Unc) 1286A

SNC 2003 4570 (UNC) DNW 83, 3257(GEF) SNC 2003 4571 (UNC) SNC 2003 4573(UNC) SNC 2003 4574(UNC) Sommerville2805GVF Sommerville2804 (AEF)

1288 1289 1291 1293 1294 1296 1297

1299 SNC 104 588 1300 Norweb 1072 (VAS) 1302 DNW 111,370 (EF+) 1303 Sommerville2810 (VAS) Sommerville 2812 (VAS) 1305 (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 3006 3008 2010 3012 3014 3016 3018 3020 3022 3024 3026 3028 3030 3032 3033 3034 3036 3038 3039 3041 3043 3045 3047 3049 3050 3052 3054 3055 3057 3059 3061 3603 3065 3066 3068 3070 3072 3074 3076 3078 3079 3081 3083 3084 3086 3088 3090 3092

Variety Invert. G for D

1858 1859 1859 P 1861 1862 1863/1 1865 № 116 1866 № 29 Inverted V for I

1867 ??? 1867 P Pln

Provenance SNC 1998, 2041 Sommer 2813 (VAS) SNC 2003 4586 (UNC) SNC 1999 5243 (FDC) Sommer 2817 (VAS) Sommer 2818 (VAS) Sommr 2819(GEF) Sommer 2821 (VAS) Sommer 2822 (VAS) SNC 2001 0851 (Not traced) SNC 1999, 5245(FDC)

Pellet die numb

A5&6 1869 № 11 1871 № 13 1871 P Pln 1872 № 23 1874 № 38 1876 № 25 1877 1878 P 1879 № 18? A7 1879 8/6

(Old ESC) 1305A 1306

1307 1307B? 1309 1310 1311A 1313 1314 1314B? 1316 1317A 1317C

DNW 104, 591 DNW 83,3281(GEF) Sommer 2828 VAS SNC 1999, 5247(FDC) Sommer 2829 (VAS) Sommer 2831 (EF) Sommer 2833 (VAS)

1318 1319 1321 1323 1324 1326 1328 1329A

SNC 2002 2545(FDC) Sommer 2836 (EF) DNW 102, 2837 DNW 114, 1561 (NF)

1331 1332 1334

1879 P Pl

SNC 2002 2546 (FDC)

1334B

1880

SNC 2003 4610 (GEF)

1335

1881 1881 P 1882 1883 P Pln 1884 P 1885 P 1886 P 1887 P YH D obv/rev 1863 Pat F 1863 Pat G Uniface Pat H 1863 Pat I 1863 Pat J 1863Pat Jcu

Spink 196,1137 (AEF) SNC 2002 2547 (FDC) SNC 2003 4612 (UNC) Spink 157 613 (FDC)

1338 1339 1341 1342A 1344

SNC 1999 5252 (FDC)

1346 1348

Norweb 1699 SNC 2002 6329 Norweb 1692 Norweb 1085VAS M.R. 19, 220 (VAS) SNC 1999, 5307(FDC) SNC 1999, 5308(FDC)

1350 3271 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378

ESC 3007 3009 3011 3013 3015 3017 3019 3021 3023 3025 3027 3029 3031 3033 3033 3035 3037 3039 3040 3042 3044 3046 3048 3050 3051 3053 3055 3056 3058 3060 3062 3604 3067 3069 3071 3073 3075 3077 3079 3080 3082 3084 3085 3087 3089 3091 3093 628

(Old ESC)

Variety 1857/5 1858/6

Provenance Rax 21/437 (EF) Spink 201 513 (GVF)

1859/8 1860 1861 D/B 1863 1864 № 11

SNC 2001 0850 (GEF) Sommerville2816VAS

1866 BBIT 1867 № 6 1867 P 1867 № 17 1868 1868 № 32 1870 № 3 1871 P A4&6 Rev. 1873 № 47 1875 № 60 1877 № 28 1878 № 9

M.R. 22/449 № 63 Sommer 2823(GEF) SNC 1999 5244(FDC) M.R. 22/451 (Unc) DNW104 591 (VAS) Sommer 2825 (EF) Sommer 2827 (EF) SNC 19995246 (FDC) SNC 2005 6893 Sommerville 2830 (EF) Sommerville 2832 (EF) Sommerville 2834 (VAS) Sommerville 2835 (VAS)

1879 1879 R/B 1879 P Pln 1879 P Pl

Sommerville 2838 GEF) DNW 114, 1560 (NF) Spink 107 440 (FDC) PC (RF/NP) (FDC)

1880 P

SNC 1999 5250(FDC)

1336

1881 1881 P Pln 1883 1884 1885 small 1886 1887 1878 P 1863 Pat E

(SNC2002,3951(GF))

1338A

1863 Pat H H 1863 P I au 1863PJ Au 1863 Pat J 1863Pat K

Uniface Pat

1306B 1306A

1307A 1308 1309A

SNC 2003 4592 (UNC) Sommer 2820 (VAS)

1311 1312

1314A 1315 1317 1317B 1318 1318 1320 1322 1324 1325 1327 1329 1330

1334

1333 1334B

1340

DNW 89 2034 (VAS) SNC 2003 4613 (UNC) SNC 20034615 (UNC) M.R. 23/189 (UNC) Spink 199, 169 ((EF)

1342 1343 1345 1347 1349

(SNC 1992, 940)

1371

M.R. 19, 218 (VAS)

1372

1375 M.R. 19, 219 (VAS) 1373 M.R. 19, 220 (VAS) 616 (AFDC) 1376A Spink 157, Plym.A 2008 27(vas) 1377A SNC 1999 5309 (FDC) 1380 DNW 89 2248 (FDC) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 3094 3096 3098 3100 3102 3104 3106 3108 3110 3112 3114 3116 3118 3120 3122 3124 3126 3128 3130 3132 3134 3136 3138 3140 3142 3144 3146 3148 3150 3150 3152 3154 3156 3158 3160 3162

Variety 1863PKAu 1863Pat K 1863PLAu 1865Pat M 1865Pat M 1865 Pat N Pattern N Cu 1865 Pat O Pattern O Cu No date Pat P Pattern P Cu 1863PQAu No date Pat R Pat. R CuMill Pattern S Pln No date Pat U

Provenance Plym.A 2008 26(vas) SNC 1999 5311 (FDC) Plym.A 2008 28(vas) Spink 157,617(AFDC)

(Old ESC) 1380A 1380A 1382A 1384 1385

Norweb 1693(GEF) SNC 1999 5316 (FDC) SNC 1999 5317(FDC) Norweb 1694 Norweb 1695(FDC)

1386

34(vas)

1394

Plym.A 2008 SNC 2002 3276 (FDC) DNW 59, 386 (GVF) SNC 1975,8799 (VAS)

1387 1388 1389 1391 1392

1395 1396 1397A 1399

Uniface Rev Pat

A4 Pln

Pat A4 Pln

Al

1875 P W No date P Y 1887 P sm 1888/7 1889 B2 1890 1891 P 1887P B2 1888P B2 Normal letters

C Rev. 1893 P OH 1895 1896 1898 1900

1402

Norweb 1698 Norweb 631 (Mint) SNC 1998, 3750 SNC 2010 9227 (FDC) DNW 85, 694 SNC 2010 9056(GEF) SNC 2007, 8105 (VAS)

1403A 1404 ????? 1352 1353A 1355 1357

(SNC2002,3283(VAS))

1359

Norweb 632 (Mint)

1406 1408

8107(GEF)

SNC 2007 SNC 2007 8104 Spink 12 354 (FDC)

1361 1361 1362

SNC 2006 7038 (VAS) SNC 2007 8108 (VAS)

1364A

(SNC 2003,5543 (UNC))

1367

SNC 2007

8110 (VAS)

1365

1369

ESC 3095 3097 3099 3101 3103 3105 3107 3109 3111 3113 3115 3117 3119 3121 3123 3125 3127 3129 3131 3133 3135 3137 3139 3141 3143 3145 3147 3149 3150 3151 3153 3155 3157 3159 3161 3163

Provenance DNW 89 2249 (VAS) SNC 1999 5313 (FDC) Plym.A 2008 29(vas) SNC 2002 3273 (UNC) Plym.A 2008 31(vas)

1384A

1865POAu O Cuthick 1863PPAu No date Pat Q Pattern Q Cu Pattern R Au No date Pat S No date Pat T No date Pat V 1875P A4 1875P A4 Patt W Pln 1880P X 1887 JH B1 obv 1889 B1 1889 P 1891 1892 1888P B2 1888P B2 C Obv.

Plym.A 2008 30(vas)

1388A

1382 1383

1385A 1386A

1390 32(vas)

Plym.A 2008 Norweb 1696

1391A

Bald FixPL. Win.2008,37 SNC 1999,5321 (FDC) Norweb 1088(VAS)

1395A

1393 1394A

1397 1398 1400

(FDC )

Norweb1697 M.R. 19, 221 (VAS)

SNC 1999 5324 (FDC) SNC 2010 9055 (UNC) DNW 85,694(FDC) SNC 2002,3279 (VAS) Spink 12 352 (FDC) SNC 2007, 8106 (VAS) Spink 199 171 (VAS)

1401 1403 1404A 1405 1351 1353 1354 1356 1358 1360 1407 1409 1361

1894 1895

SNC 2007 SNC 2005 6901 SNC 2010 9059 (VAS) SNC 2006, 7037(GEF)

1897 1899 1901

SNC 2007 8073 (VAS) SNC 20078109 (UNC) Spink 199 173 (VAS)

1366

SJA 24, 336 (EF)

1476

Bole 1, 1767 (AFDC) Bole 1, 1768 (AFDC) Bole 3, 184 (GEF)

1683

(Rasmussen 20/214 (EF))

1688

Large letters

A 1867 A

VICTORIA - TENPENCES SNC 1998 3750 (VAS) 3164 1867A Pln SNC 2008, 8624 (VAS)

3165 3167 3169 3171 3173 3175

1838 1839 1839 P Mil 1841 1843 Small 44

VICTORIA - SIXPENCES 1682 Bole 3, 181 (GEF) 3166 1838 P Mil 1684 Bole 3, 182 (VAS) 3168 1839 P Pln 1685A Bole 1, 1769 (FDC) 3170 1840 1687 DNW 85,699 (VAS) 3172 1842 1689 Spink 175 1537(GEF) 3174 Large 44 1690A SNC 2010,9113 (VAS) 3176 1845 629

1381

Pat

3164 3164

No date

(Old ESC)

Variety 1863P KCu 1863Pat L Pattern L Cu 1863P MAu 1865Pat M 1863PNAu

8104

1361A 1363 1364

1368 1370

1685 1686

1690 SNC 2010 9248(UNC) 4619 (UNC) 1691 SNC 2003 (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 3177 3179 3181 3183 3185 3187 3189 3191 3193 3195 3197 3199 3201 3202 3204 3206 3208 3210 3212 3213 3215 3217 3219 3221 3223 3225 3227 3229 3231 3233 3234 3236 3238 3240 3242 3244 3246

Variety 1846 1848 1848/7 1850 5/3 1852 Bust 1 1853 P Mil 1854 1855/3 1856 1857 1858 1858/6 1858/6 1860 1862 1863 1864 1866 1 sm.letters 1867 P Mil 1868 № 10 1869 P Mil 1870 P Pln 1871 P Pln 1872 1873 1875 1877 (3) 1878 P Mil

3249 3251 3253 3255 3256 3258 3260 3262 3264

1881 P Mil 1882 1883P Pln 1885 1885 P Mil 1886 P 1887 P Mil 1887 1887withdra

DRITANNIAR

1879 1871 1871 P Mil 1877 1879 No ser 1879 P Pln 1880 P Mil

Provenance SNC 2003 4620 (UNC) SNC 2010 9114 (GEF)

(Old ESC) 1692 1693

(Spink 109 514 (NEF))

1693B

Bole 1, 1775 (VAS) Bole 1, 1776 (VAS) SNC 2003 4622 (FDC) DNW 83,3299 (EF) Spink 109 519 (AEF)

1695A

SJA 17, 242 (UNC)

1697 1699 1700 1701A 1702

(GEF)

M.R. 20/228 Bole 1, 1783 (UNC)

1704 1706 1707A

Bole 1, 1782 (VAS) DNW 83,3302(VAS) SNC 2003 4628 (UNC) DNW 83,3305(EF) DNW 83,3306(VAS) SNC2010,9249 (UNC) DNW 104, 603 Bole 1, 1794 (AFDC) M.R. 19, 229 (UNC) Bole 1, 1799 (AFDC)

1707A 1709 1711 1712 1713 1715 1717 1718 1719 1720A 1722

624 (FDC)

Spink 157 Bole 5, 1469 (VAS) SNC 2003 4632 (UNC) SJA 2, 494 (VAS) Spink 195,1090 (VAS) Bole 1, 1828 (AFDC) SNC 2010 9119(GEF)

1723B 1726 1727 1729 1731 1734 1735

(Rasmussen 20/251 (VF))

1736

Bole 1, 1806 (GEF) Bole 1, 1805 (GEF) SNC 2006, 7915 (AEF)

1724 1725 1732 1737

M.R. 6/360 (FDC)

1737B 1738

Bole 1, 1832 (AFDC) SNC 2006 7920 (GVF) Bole 1, 1883 (AFDC) SNC 2005 6775 (GEF) Bole 1, 1838 (FDC) (FDC)

Bole 1, 1839 SNC 2002, 3401 (EF) SNC 2010, 9122 (EF)

1741 1743 1744A 1746 1747 1749 1751 1752A 1752B

ESC 3178 3180 3182 3184 3186 3188 3190 3192 3194 3196 3198 3200 3201 3203 3205 3207 3209 3211 3212 3214 3216 3218 3220 3222 3224 3226 3228 3230 3232 3233 3235 3237 3239 3241 3243 3245 3247 3248 3250 3252 3254 3256 3257 3259 3261 3263 3265

630

Variety 1847 1848/6 1850 1851 1853 1853 P Pln 1855 1855 P 1856

Provenance Bole 1, 1773 (Poor) Bole 1, 1774 (AEF) SNC 206,78916(AEF)

DRITANNIAR

1879/8 1867 P 1873 1879 1879 P Pln 1880 1880 P Mil 1881 1881 P Pln 1883 1884 3rd bust 1886 1887 YH 1887wit dra 1887 R/V 1887PW D

1693A 1695 1696

SNC 2003 4621(UNC) SNC 2005 9349(FDC) Bole 1, 1779 (VAS)

1699A

1698

1701 1701B

Bole 1, 1780 (GEF)

1703 1705

Bole 1, 1784 (EF+) SNC 2010 9116 (GEF) SNC 2003 4627 (UNC)

Small 6 in date

1862 P 1866 1865 (22) 1866 8/6 2nd bust 1867 P Pln 1869 1870 1871 (14) 1871 P Mil 1872 P Mil 1874 1876 1878 1878/7

1692A

DNW2002/10/8.1324

1857 long line

1858 P Mil 1859 1859/8

(Old ESC)

1707 1708 1708A 1709A

Baldwin 40 343(EF) Spink 109 526 (GF) SNC 2007, 2976 (EF) Bole 1, 1792 (EF+) DNW 104, 603 Bole 3, 191 (AFDC) M.R. 23/189 (GEF) Spink 157,623 (UNC) SNC 2002 2563 (FDC) Bole 1, 1804 (AFDC) Bole 1, 1810 (AFDC) SNC 2003, 4633 (EF) Bole 1, 1475 SNC 2006, 7916 (AEF) Bole 1, 1825(VAS) Spink 199 180 (EF) Bole 1, 1829 (NEF)

1711A 1716 1714 1715A 1717 1718A 1720 1721 1723 1723A 1726A 1728 1730 1733 1734A 1735 1736A 1718A 1727A

SNC 2006 7917 (GEF) Spink 107 440 (FDC) SNC 2006,7918 (AEF) Bole 1, 1831 (AFDC) SNC 2010,9120 (EF) Glen.1962,294 (FDC) SNC 2003 4637 (GEF) SNC 2003, 463 (UNC) Bole 1838 DNW 89 Spink 180,90 (NEF) SNC 2003 4640 (UNC) SNC 2010 9121 (GEF)

1737 1737A 1737C 1738 1740 1742 1744 1745 1747 1748 1750 1752 1752C

1753 SNC 2010,9123 (GEF) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 3266 3268 3270 3272 3274 3276 3276 3278 3280 3282 3284 3286 3288 3290 3292 3294 3296 3298 3299 3301 3302 3303 3305 3307 3309 3311 3313

3314 3316 3318 3320 3322 3324 3326 3328 3330 3332 3334 3336 3338 3340 3342 3344 3346

Variety 1887 P Set

Provenance

1753A

Large garter

R/I 1887 P 1888 B Rev. 1c 1890 P 1892 1893 OH 1894 1896 1898 1900 Pat. E 1856 Pat G Pat. Graham I Pat. K 1887 Pat L Pat. M1 Au Pat M1 Au Pat M1 Cu Pat M1 Sn 1887 Pat M Cu Ni M1 M2 JRTNi M4 Pat M1 Mill

1837 1838 1838 P 3195 1839 P Pln 184O 1841 1842 1842/1 1843 4/5 1845 1847/6 1848/6 1849 1851 1853 1853 P Pln

(Old ESC)

1753C 1754A

SNC 2002, 2567(FDC)

1755

(SNC2002,3405 (UNC))

1756

DNW 104, 610 DNW 104, 610

1757

(SNC2002,3409 (UNC))

1760

SNC 2010

9125 (GEF)

1757 1758A

1762

(SNC2005,6779 (GVF))

1764

(SNC2005,6781(VAS))

1766

(SNC2005,6783 (VAS))

1768

(SNC2005,6785 (GEF))

1770 1772

Bole 1, 1781 (AFDC) M.R. 12/178 Bole 1, 1837 (AFDC) Bole 5 1488 (GEF) Bole 1, 1843 (GEF) Bole 1, 1843 (GEF) Bole 1, 1844 (GEF) Bole 1, 1846 (GEF)

1774

Bole 1, 1849 (NEF)

1784A

1775A 1776A 1777 1779 1779A 1780 1782 1783A

1784C

ESC 3267 3269 3271 3273 3275 3276 3277 3279 3281 3283 3285 3287 3289 3291 3293 3295 3297 3299 3300 3302 3302 3304 3306 3308 3310 3312

Variety 1887 MP 1887 JH R/V 1887 MP 1888P- 1c C 1890 1891 1893 JH 1893 P 1895 1897 1899 1901 1841 P Au Pat. H Pat. J 1887 Pat L 1887 M1 M1 Au M1 Au Pat Pat

Bavaria Bavaria 1 Al

M M1 Mill 1 Mill Au

M Pat. M1 M3 S&S

(Old ESC)

Provenance

1753B

SNC 2010,9124 (VAS) P.C.(M. Lew.)(VF)) Norweb 633 FDC Bole 1, 1850 (EF) SNC 2005 6933

1754 1754B 1755A 1756A 1757

(SNC2002,3407(GEF))

1758

(SNC2002,3408 (GEF))

1759

Norweb 1089(VAS)

1761

Bald.F.P.L.Sum.’13, BM258

1763

(SNC2005,6780 (VAS))

1765

SNC 2005, 6933(EF)

1767

(SNC2005,6784 (GEF))

1769

SNC 2005, 6934 3(EF) Glens 4/1972, 402

1771 1773 1775

(AFDC)

Bole 1, 1836 Norweb 288FDC

1776 1777

Bole 1, 1842 (GEF)

1778

Bole 5, 1490 (EF+) Bole 5, 1491 (EF+) DNW 71,868 VAS) Bole 1, 1847 GEF) ↓ Bole 1, 1848 (EF+) Bole 5, 1493 (EF+)

1779A 1779A 1781 1783 1784 1784B 1784D

1784E

Bole 5, 1494 (EF+)↑

1784D

M1 Mill

JRT

VICTORIA - GROATS 1929 SCMB 784, p.309 (VF) 3315 1837 P SNC 2003 4641(UNC) 1930 3317 1838 P 1931 (Not traced) 3319 1888/• SNC 2003, 4645(UNC) 1932 3321 1839 P 1933A DNW 64,409 (FDC) 3323 1840 SNC 2003 4653 (UNC) 1934A 3325 1840/9 SNC 2003, 4655(UNC) 1935 3327 1841 (1) SNC 2003, 4656(UNC) 1936 3329 1842 P Pln (DNW43,871 (EF)) 1937A 3331 1843 1938A 3333 1844 SNC 2003 4661 (UNC) 1940 3335 1846 1942 Spink 67,288 (EF) 3337 1848 1944 Spink 168 295 (GEF) 3339 1848/7 SNC 2003 4671 (UNC) 1945 3341 1849/8 1947 DNW 83,3323 (VAS) 3343 1852 1949 3345 1853 P mil 1951 3347 1853 5/3

631

Bole 5, 1495 (GVF)

1784E

DNW 43,858 AEF) (Not traced) SNC 2003 4643 (UNC) Spink 12 358 (FDC) SNC 2003 4651 (UNC) SNC 2003, 4652(UNC) DNW 43,868 (EF) Spink 157 634 (FDC) SNC 2003, 4657(UNC) SNC 2003, 4659(UNC) SNC 2003, 4663(GEF)

1929A

(SNC2002, 4251(EF)) , 4664(UNC)

1930A 1931A 1933 1934 1934B 1935A 1937 1938 1939 1941 1943

1944A SNC 2003 1946 SNC 2003 4672(UNC) 1948 SNC 2003 4675 (AEF) 1950 SNC 2000, 268 (FDC) 1951A DNW 111,414 (EF) (continued)

PROVENANCES ESC 3348 3350 3352 3354 3356

Variety 1854 1857 P Mil 1857 P 1862 P 1888

3358 3360 3362 3364 3366 3368 3370 3373 3374 3375 3377 3379 3380 3382 3383 3385 3387 3389 3391 3393 3394 3395 3397 3399 3400 3402 3404 3406 3408 3410 3411 3413 3415 3417 3419 3421 3423 3425 3427 3429 3431

1838 P Au 1838 error 1839 P 1841 1843 1845 1846 1849 1848 5/8 1852 Rev. a 1853 P 1854 1856 1858 1858/6 1859 A1 1860 A1 1861 A1 1860 A2 1862 1864 1865 1866 P 1868 1867 A3 1867 A4 1869 A4 1870 1872 1874 1876 1878 1879 P 1884 1881 1883 1885 P 1887

Provenance SNC 2007, 8032 (EF) DNW 43,900 (VAS) Bald.FPLSum2012,89 Norweb 1091VAS SNC 2007, 8033 (VAS)

(Old ESC) 1952 1954 1955 1955B 1956

ESC 3349 3351 3353 3355 3357

Variety 1855 1857 P Pln 1862 P Pln 1862 P 1888 P

VICTORIA - THREEPENCES 2447A Spink 107 442 (FDC) 3359 1838 2048A 3361 1839 2049A 3363 1840 2051 SNC 2001, 1217 (GF) 3365 1842 2053 SNC 2002, 2588 (EF) 3367 1844 SNC 2002 2590 (UNC) 2055 3369 SNC 2002 2591 (UNC) 2056 3371 1847 2057 M.R. 21/309 (UNC) SNC 2002 2593 (UNC) 2056A 3374 1850 3376 1851 (SNC 1973, 5038 (GVF) 2059A 3378 1203 (VAS) 2059B DNW 86, 3380 5/5 2059C/? DNW 86, 1203 3381 1853 2060A SJA 6, 389 (AFDC) 1988. p284 (EF) 2061 SCMB 3384 1855 2063 SCMB 834, G481(GEF) 3386 1857 SNC 2003 4690 (UNC) 2065 3388 1858 error SNC 2007 8034 (GEF) 2065B 3390 1858/5 2066 M.R. 21/320 (UNC) 3392 2067A SNC 1999 1631 (AEF) 3393 1860 A1 (Spink 199,199 (GEF)) 2068 3394 1859 A2 2067 3396 1861 A2 (SNC2001, 1224 (EF)) 2069 3398 1863 2071 Spink 199 200 (VF) 3399 1864 2072 SNC 2002, 2611(EF) 3401 1866 A2 2073A? DNW1022727(VAS 3403 1867 2075 RRITANNIAR SNC 2002, 2615 (AF) 3405 (SNC 2002 2614 (Mint)) 2074A 3407 1866 A4 2074B 3409 1868 A4 SNC 1999, 1637(GEF) 2075C 3410 1869 A4 SNC 2002 2617 (UNC) 2076 3412 1871 2078 DNW 71,832 (VAS) 3414 1873 SNC 2003 4695 (UNC) 2080 3416 1875 SNC 2002 2623 (UNC) 2082 3418 1877 (SNC 1999,1645 (EF)) 2084 3420 1879 SNC 1977 3382 (FDC) 2086 3422 1879/9 inv SNC 2003 4696 (UNC) 2091 3424 1880 (SNC2002, 2628(UNC)) 2088 3426 1882 (SNC2002, 2630(UNC)) 2090 3428 1885 2092A 3430 1886 M.R. 6, 348 (FDC) 2634 (UNC) 2094 SNC 2002 3432 1887 P 632

Provenance SNC 2003 4678 (UNC)

(Old ESC) 1953 1954A

Norweb 1091

1955A 1955C

SNC 1998

2130 (FDC)

SNC 2003 4684 (UNC) SNC 2002 2584 (UNC) SNC 2003 4685 (UNC) SNC 2002 2587 (GEF) DNW 74B,1017 (Mint)

1956A

2048 2049 2050 2252 2054

SNC 1998 2132 (Mint)

2056B

SNC 2003 4687 (UNC) SNC 2003 4688 (UNC)

2058

DNW 86, 1203 SNC 2002 2599 (UNC)

2059C?

2059

2060

SNC 2001 2030 (UNC)

2062

(SNC 1999, 1629 (EF))

2064 2065A 2066C

M.R. 21/321 (EF) SNC 2001 1223 (GVF) SNC 2002 2607(UNC) SNC 2002 2609 (UNC) SNC 2002 2610 (GEF) M.R. 5/345 Spink 199 200 (VAS) Spink 199,201 (F) M.R. 5/345

2067A

SNC 2002 2616 (UNC) SNC 2002 2618 (UNC) SNC 2003 4693 (UNC) SNC 2002 2622 (UNC) SNC 2002 2624 (UNC) SNC 2002 2626 (UNC) Glens ‘94/6/2.420 (VAS) SNC 2002 2627 (UNC)

2075C

(SNC 1999,1649(EF))

2066A 2068A 2070 2071

2074 2075A

2077 2079 2081 2083 2085 2086A 2087 2089

2092 SNC 2003 4697 (UNC) 2093 SNC 2003 4699 (UNC) 4701 (FDC) 2095 SNC 2003 (continued)

PROVENANCES (Old ESC)

ESC 3433 3435 3437 3439 3441 3443 3445 3447 3449 3451

Variety 1887 1888 1890 1892 1893Old hd 1894 1896 1898 1899/8 1901

3453 3456

1838 1868 P ↑↑

VICTORIA - HALFGROATS - TWOPENCES 2248 3455 1848 SNC 2003 4702 (EF) Bald.FPLSum2012,090 3457 1885 P↑↓ Spink 157 638 (FDC)

3458 3460 3462 3464 3466 3468 3470 3472

1838 1838/4 1840 1842 1843 P 1843 1862 1870 P

VICTORIA - THREE-HALFPENCE 3459 1838 P↑↓ SNC 2003 4703(UNC) 2254 (SNC 1978, 1984 (GEF)) 2254B 3461 1839 (SNC 2003, 5197 (AEF)) 2256 3463 1841 , 4707(UNC) 2258 SNC 2003 3465 1843 2259A 3467 1843/34 1130 (FDC) 2259C Spink 36 3469 1860 (SNC 2003, 4710 (GVF)) 2261 3471 1862 P 2262 SNC 1989 2662(GEF)

3473

1868 P↑↑

Bald.FPLSum2012,097

3475 3477 3479 3481 3483 3485 3487 3489 3491 3493 3495 3497 3499 3501 3503 3505 3508 3510 3513

1838 1838 P Au 1839 P 1841 1843 1845 1847 1849 1851 1853 1854 1856 2d leg. errors 1859 1860 1863 1865 1867

Provenance (SNC 2003, 5051 (VAS)

2096

(SNC2002, 2636(GEF))

2098

SNC 20067622 (UNC)

2100

(SNC 2003, 5069(VF)

2102

SNC 2010

9141 (AEF)

2104

(SNC2002, 2644(UNC))

2106

(Spink 199,206(EF))

2108

(SNC 2003, 5080 (UNC))

2110

Spink 168, 296 (AEF) SNC 2010 9143 (GEF)

2111A 2113

ESC 3434 3436 3438 3440 3442 3444 3446 3448 3450 3452

Variety 1887 P 1889 1891 1893 Jub hd 1893 P 1895 1897 1899 1900 1868 Pat

VICTORIA - PENNIES 3474 1878 P

VICTORIA - MAUNDY SETS 2445 3476 1838 P Spink 183,243 (UNC) Wilson & Ras 382 2447 3478 1839 SNC 2002 4450 (FDC) 2449 3480 1840 2451 Spink 183,246 (UNC) 3482 1842 248 (GEF) 2453 Spink 183, 3484 1844 SNC 2011 9517 (GVF) 2455 3486 1846 2457 Spink 199,431 VAS) 3488 1848 2459 Spink 201,624 (UNC) 3490 1850 2461 SNC 2006, 7180 (EF) 3492 1852 2463 Spink 199,433 (VAS) 3494 1853 P 2465 SNC 2011 9746 (VF+) 3496 1855 2467 SNC 2008, 8639 (EF) 3498 1857 3500 1858 2470 SNC 2011, 9531 (EF) 3502 2d leg. errors 2471A SJA 12, 851(GEF) 3504 1861 3506 1862 2474 Spink 199,434 VAS) 3509 1864 SNC 2005 6949 (GEF) 2476 3511 1866 (Spink 183,266 (UNC) ) 2478 3514 1867 P

Provenance SNC 2010 9140 (FDC)

(Old ESC) 2097

(SNC 2003, 5063 (GEF)

2099

(SNC2002, 2639(UNC))

2101

SNC 2002, 2641(UNC) SNC 2010 9142(FDC) (SNC2002, 2645(UNC))

2103 2105 2107

(SNC 2003, 5078 (UNC)

2109

(SNC2002, 2649 (UNC))

2111

SNC 2006 7623 (GEF) Spink129 208 FDC)

2112

SNC 2000 3191(FDC) SNC 20034706 (GEF) (SNC 2001, 1302 (GF))

2113A

2249 3456A

2254A 2255 2257

4708 (UNC)

2259

SNC 2003 M.R. 20/297 GEF

2259B

(Rasmussen 20/298 (UNC))

2260

SCMB1990. p92 (AFDC)

2261A

DNW 97, 427 (VAS)

2492

SJA 4, 605 (AFDC) Spink 183,245 (UNC) Spink 183,245 (UNC) Spink 183,247 (UNC) Spink 183,249 (GEF) Spink 183,251 (UNC) Spink 199,432 (VAS) Spink 183,252 (UNC)

2446

(SNC2001, 0335(GEF))

2462

2448 2450 2452 2454 2456 2458 2460

2464

Spink 201,630 (GEF) SNC 2011 9529 (GEF) SNC 2008, 8640 (EF)

2466 2468 2469A 2471

Baldw.77 2830 (Unc) Spink 210, 551 (EF) Spink 199,436 VAS) Spink 201,635 (VAS)

2472 2473 2475 2477 2479

(continued) 633

PROVENANCES (Old ESC)

ESC 3515 3516 3518 3519 3521 3523 3525 3527 3528 3530 3532 3535 3537 3538 3540 3542 3544 3546 3548 3550 3552 3554 3556

Variety 1868

Provenance Baldw.77 2832 (Unc)

1869 1870 1871P 421 1873 1875 1877 1878 1879 1880 1882 1883 1884 1886 1888 1889 1891 1893 1895 1897 1899 1901

Spink 1951094 (UNC) Spink 199,440 VAS) Spink 157, 636 (FDC) SNC 2011 9545 (GEF) Spink 210, 554 (EF) DNW 97 423 (VAS) Spink 210, 555 (GEF)

3560 3562 3563 3564 3566

1902 1902 MP 1902 P 5/1902 P Au 1902 P £1

EDWARD VII - CROWNS 361 Edge wrong Barr 468 (VAS) 3561 (VAS) 362 Barr 469 363 3563 1902 P 5/Slaney 243 (EF) (VAS) 364 SJA 15, 560 3565 1902 P10/366 Lingford 588

3567 3569 3571 3573 3575

1902 1903 1905 1907 1909

EDWARD VII - HALFCROWNS 746 Adams 757 (UNC) 3567 1902 MP 482 (VAS) 748 DNW 111, 3570 1904 750 Adams 760 (VAS) 3572 1906 752 Adams 762 (UNC) 3574 1908 754 Adams 764 (UNC) 3576 1910

Adams 756 (UNC) DNW 111,483 (VAS) Adams 761 (GEF) Adams 763 (UNC) DNW 111,489 (VAS)

3577 3579 3581 3583 3585

1902 1903 1905 1907 1909

EDWARD VII - FLORINS 919 3578 1902 P Spink 199 305 (VAS) 921 DNW 89 2261 (EF+) 3580 1904 923 Norweb 294 VAS 3582 1906 925 DNW 91 375 (VAS) 3584 1908 927 DNW 91 377 (EF+) 3586 1910

SNC 2010 9010 (FDC) DNW 91 372 (EF+) DNW 111,494 (VAS) DNW 91 376 (EF+) SNC 2007 8057 (GEF)

3587 3589

1902 1903

EDWARD VII - SHILLINGS 1410 Sommer 2850(GEF) 3588 1902 P 1412 Sommer 2850(GEF) 3590 1904

ESC

2480

Variety 1868 P

Provenance

1871 1872 1874 1876

SNC 2007, 8277 (VAS) Spink 210, 553 (EF) SJA 30, 151(VAS) Spink 1951095 (GEF)

(Old ESC)

Assumed based on 1d, above

3516 2481 2482 2484 2486 2488 2490 2491

(SNC2001, MS0354(GEF)

2493

Spink 210, 556(EF) SNC 2011 9554 (GEF)

2494

(SNC2001, 0357(UNC)

2497

Spink 210, 557 (GEF) Spink 201 559 (VAS) Baldwin77 2838(Unc) Spink 208,1165 (GEF) Spink 216,1026 (GEF) SNC 2011 9749 (GEF) SNC 2011 9567(UNC) SPINK 216, 1028 SNC 2010, 9396 (EF) SNC 2007 8021 (VAS)

2498

2496

2500 2502 2504 2506 2508 2510 2512 2514

3520 3522 3524 3526 3528 3529 3531 3533 3536 3538 3539 3541 3543 3545 3547 3549 3551 3553 3555

2516

1878 P 1879 P 1881 1882 P 1885 1887 1888 P 1890 1892 1894 1896 1898 1900 1838-1901 Col

634

2483 2485 2487 2489

2492 440 (FDC)

Spink 107 SNC 2005 6951 (GVF) Spink 157, 635 (FDC) SNC 2011 9557 (GEF) SNC 2007 8019 (GEF)

2493A 2495 2496A

2499 2501 2503

9562(UNC)

SNC 2011 SNC 2006, 7183 (EF) Baldw.77 2844 (Unc) Baldw.77 2845(Unc) Baldw.77 2846 (Unc) SNC 2009 8803 (UNC) SJA 30, 151(VAS)

2505 2507 2509 2511 2513 2515

361A

Spink 163 243 (EF)

363 365

747 749 751 753 755

920 922 924 926 928

Sommerville 2850(GEF) 1411 Sommerville 2851(GEF) 1413 (continued)

PROVENANCES (Old ESC)

ESC 3591 3593 3595

Variety 1905 1907 1909

Provenance Somr 2852 (GEF) Norweb 295 VAS M.R. 32/261 (GEF)

3597 3599 3601 3603 3605

1902 1903 1905 1907 1909

EDWARD VII - SIXPENCES 1785 SNC 2005, 6935 (EF) 3598 1902 MP (SNC 2001, 0589 (EF)) 1787 3600 1904 1789 3602 1906 DNW 89 2057 (GEF) (SNC 2002, 4167(GEF)) 1791 3604 1908 SNC 2006 7949 (GVF) 1793 3606 1910

3607 3609 3611 3613 3615

1902 1903 1905 1907 1909

EDWARD VII - MAUNDY SETS SNC 2007,8022 (GEF) 2517 3608 1902 MP SNC 2007 8370 (GEF) 2519 3610 1904 2521 Spink 214,806 (UNC) 3612 1906 2523 3614 1908 SNC2011 9580 (UNC) (SNC 2001, 0382 (UNC)) 2525 3616 1910

3617 3619 3621 3623 3625

1902 1903 1905 1907 1909

EDWARD VII – THREEPENCES 2114 3618 1902 P SNC 2006,7624 (VAS) (SNC 2002, 2653(GEF)) 2116 3620 1904 (SNC 2002, 2655(UNC)) 2118 3622 1906 (SNC 2002, 2658(UNC)) 2120 3624 1908 (SNC 2002, 2660(UNC)) 2122 3626 1910

3630 3632 3634

1926 Uni Obv

3637 3639 3641 3643 3644 3646 3648 3650 3652 3654 3655 3657 3659 3661 3663 3665 3665 3667

1927 MP 1928 P 1929 P 1931 1932 1932 VIP 1933 1933 VIP 1934 P 1936 P 1935 Speci 1935P .500 2 1935 P.925 1910 P Au 1910 P Au 1910 P Cu 1910 P D1 1910 P D1 1910 P D1

1414 1416 1418

ESC 3592 3594 3596

Variety 1906 1908 1910

GEORGE V - CROWNS 3631 1927 P.925 367A Norweb 297 (FDC) 3633 1928 368A Spink 117 277 (EF) 3635 1928 VIP 3636 1929 369A Spink 117 280 (FDC) 3638 1930 371 Roekel 255 (UNC) 3640 1931 P 372 Spink 117,284 (VAS) 3642 1932 P

Provenance SNC 2005,6903 (GEF) M.R. 22/618 (Unc) SNC 2006 7743 (GEF) SNC 2010 9126 (GEF) DNW 91 385 (VAS)

(Old ESC) 1415 1417 1419

1786 1788

(SNC 2002, 4166 (VF))

1790

Spink 199 314 (VAS) Spink 199,199 (VAS)

1792

Spink 2161030 (GEF) SNC 2006, 7809 (VAS) Baldwn 68 3687 (Unc) SNC 2007 8279 (UNC) Spink 199 316 (VAS)

2518

(SNC 2003, 5096(F)

2117

(SNC 2002, 2657(GEF))

2119

(SNC 2002, 265(EF))

2121

(SNC 2002, 2661(UNC))

2123

Barr 470 (FDC) DNW 97 469 (VAS)

367

1794

2520 2522 2524 2526

2115

368 368B

(UNC)

Roekel 253 Roekel 254 (VAS) Norweb 1121 (FDC) Norweb 1122 (VAS)

369 370 371A 372A

372B (VAS)

Norweb 706 Spink 166 87 (VAS) Norweb 707 (VAS) Spink 12 362 (FDC) SNC 20046067 (GEF) Barr 326 (FDC) Spink 156 261 (Mint) Barr 327 (FDC) Wilson & Ras 420 Glens 4/1972, 382 Spink 4 705 (AFDC) DNW 89,2275 (VAS) DNW 89 2275 (FDC) (Lingford 593)

373 373B 374A 381A 376 377A 378 380 383 385 386A 387 387 390A

3645 3647 3649 3651 3653 3655 3656 3658 3660 3662 3664 3665 3666 3668

1933 P 1934 1936 1935 1935 P.925 1935 P 1935 P Au 1910 Pat C 1910 Pat C Undate MP Pln

373A

SNC 2001 1894(UNC) DNW 97 490 (VAS) Barr 478 (UNC) Norweb 1125 (FDC) SNC 2011,9416 (FDC) Norweb 1124 (FDC) Norweb 1120 Glen.7/1962, 306 (FDC) Spink 16 783 (FDC)

374 381 375 377 378 379 382 384 386

1910 P Pb 1910 P D1 D1 Plain Au

Graham 218 Norweb 296

386B 387

1910P D1 thin

(Lingford 593)

391

388

(continued) 635

PROVENANCES ESC 3669 3671 xxxx

Variety D1 Mat D2 Milled Au 1910 P D1 Patina Al Pat

Provenance Willis 800 (VAS) Norweb 296 (FDC) (Lingford 598)

(Old ESC) 391A 390 390B

ESC 3670 3672 3676

Variety 1910 P D2 1910 P D2 1935 P Ag

DNW 65, 433 (FDC)

Provenance Slaney 244 (FDC) (Lingford 597)

Norweb 298

(FDC)

3706 3708

GEORGE V – PROOF DOUBLE FLORINS (Unofficial) L&S ESC Variety Provenance Provenance Barr 124 (UNC) 18 19 3679 LEAD PHOS. BRONZE IRON ? 3681 Baldwin 13 2049 Spink 119 227 (EF) ANGLESEA.COPPER Spink 147 696 (GEF) 24 3683 COPPER Plated CORNISH COPPER Glen 14-1988, 205 (EF) 25 3685 1911 in silver Lingford 638 1911 IRON 21 3687 1911 silver Glen 14-1988, 201 VAS 1911 IRON ? 3689 1911 ZINC SNC 1977,8330 (EF) 1911 CADMIUM ? 3691 NICKEL Glen 15/1974, 114(EF) ? 3693 1911 copper DNW 75, 582 (EF) 1911 in silver Barr 126 (UNC) on edge COPPER ? 3695 1914 silver Glen 14-1988,202 (EF) 1914 Silver no collar ? 3697 1914 NICKEL SNC 1978, 6455 (EF) 22 3699 1914 PLATINUM 1914 ZINC SNC 1977, 8330 (EF) 1914 in silver Milled 29 3701 1914 Barr 127 (UNC) Norweb 1127(FDC) 1914 TIN ? 3703 1914 LEAD 1911 in silver Milled ????? ? 3705 1914 in silver Barr 128 (UNC) Mule 1911/1914 31 3707 Mule 1911/1914 piedfort SNC 2000 3193(FDC) 33 Spanish 150 pesetas

3709 3711 3713 3715 3717 3719 3721 3723 3725 3727 3729 3731 3731 3733 3735 3737 3739 3741 3743 3745 3747 3749

1911 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1920 Sp 1922 1924 1925 1926 mod 1927 P Au 1927 P Au 1927 MP 1928 P 1929 (2 var) 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935

ESC 3677 3678 3680 3682 3684 3686 3688 3690 3692 3694 3696 3698 3700 3702

Variety 1911 in silver

GEORGE V - HALFCROWNS 757 Adams 767 (UNC) 3710 1911 P 759 Adams 768 (GEF) 3712 1913 761 Adams 769 (GEF) 3714 1915 763 Adams 770 (GEF) 3716 1917 765 Adams 771 (GEF) 3718 1919 (Adams 772 (GEF)) 767 3720 1920 low 767B? 3722 1921 PC (M. Bull) (FDC) (Adams 773 (NEF)) 769 3724 1923 (Adams 774 (UNC)) 771 3726 1924 MP 772 Adams 776 (UNC) 3728 1926 774 Adams 779 (GEF) 3730 1927 ty C 775A? Spink 107, 451 (FDC) 3731 1927 P Au 452 (FDC) 775A? Spink 107, 3732 1927 P 776A Norweb 297 (FDC) 3734 1928 777A? Adams 783 (FDC) 3736 1928 bronze (Adams 786 (UNC)) 778 3738 1929 P 779 DNW 101,514 (EF) 3740 1930 P 780 Spink 199 334 (VAS) 3742 1931 P (Adams 792 (UNC)) 781 3744 1932 P (Adams 792 (UNC)) 782 3746 1933 P 783 SNC 2006,7551 (VAS) 3748 1934 P (Adams 792 (UNC)) 784 3750 1935 P 636

DNW 101,508 (FDC) Adams 768 (GEF) Adams 769 (GEF) Adams 770 (GEF) Adams 771 (GEF)

(Old ESC) 389 389A 391B

L&S ? 23 ? 20 ? 22 ? ? 26 27 28 30 ? ? 32

758 760 762 764 766 767A

(Adams 772 (UNC)) ,7550 (VAS)

SNC 2006 Adams 775 (FDC) Adams 777 (UNC) Adams 779 (GEF) Spink 107 451/2 (FDC) Adams 782 (FDC) Adams 784 (UNC) Adams 785 (UNC)

768 770 771A 773 775 775A? 776 777 777B 778A?

779A? Norweb 709 (FDC) 780A? Adams 787 (FDC) 781A Adams 788 (FDC) (FDC) 782A Adams 789 783A Adams 790 (FDC) 784A Norweb 1131 (continued)

PROVENANCES Variety 1936 1936 VIP

3755 3757 3759 3761 3763 3765 3767 3769 3771 3773 3775 3777 3779 3781 3783 3785 3787 3789 3791 3793 3795 3797

1911 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920

1924 1925 1927 P 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1935 1935 VIP 1936 P

GEORGE V - FLORINS 929 SNC 2010, 9012 (EF) 3756 1911 P SNC 2005 6477 (UNC) 931 3758 1913 933 SNC 2006,7560 (VAS) 3760 1915 SNC 2009,8784 (GEF) 935 3762 1917 937 Spink 199,337 (GEF) 3764 1919 (SNC 2005, 6485 (UNC)) 939 1920 low relief 3766 939B 3768 1921 PC (M.B.) (SNC 2005, 6487 (UNC)) 941 1922P 3770 24ct Au 941B 1922 P .750 Au Spink 107 454(FDC) 3772 See article SNC 1984 p.218 941D 3774 1923 (SNC 2005, 6489 (UNC)) 943 3776 1924 MP 944 SNC 1986 5281 (VAS) 3778 1926 947 3780 1927 MP DNW 13/6/12 SNC 2010, 9016 (VAS) 948 3782 1928 P (SNC 2005, 6493 (UNC)) 949 3784 1929 P (SNC 2005, 6494 (UNC)) 950 3786 1930 P 951 Spink 199,338 (UNC) 3788 1931 P 952 DNW 111,533(GEF) 3790 1932 P 953 Spink 195,1175 (VAS) 3792 1933 P (SNC 2005, 6498 (UNC)) 954 3794 1935 P 954B 3796 1936 955A Spink 12 369 (FDC) 3798 1936 VIP

3799 3801 3803 3805 3807 3809 3811 3813 3815 3817 3819 3821 3823 3825 3827 3829 3831 3833 3835 3837

1911 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920deep 1920 low 1921 1922 1922 P Au 1923 P Ni 1924 P Ni 1925 1926 1926 mod f 1927 new 1927 MP 1928 P 1929 1930

GEORGE V - SHILLINGS 1420 3800 1911 P SNC 2009,8796 (VAS) SNC 2009,8797 (UNC) 1422 3802 1913 SNC 2007 8074 (UNC) 1424 3804 1915 1426 Spink 199,341 (GEF) 3806 1917 1428 Spink 199,341 (GEF) 3808 1919 (SNC 2005, 6520 (EF)) 1430 3810 1921deep (SNC 2005, 6520 (EF)) 1430 1920 Specimen 3812 1431 DNW 44,446 VAS) 3814 1921 P (SNC 2005, 6522 (UNC)) 1432 3816 1922 P Spink 107 454 (AFDC) 1432B 3818 1923 1433A Norweb 1880 (EF) 2820 1924 1434A 1924 Specimen Norweb 1881 (EF) 3822 (SNC 2005, 6525 (EF)) 1435 3824 1925 P 1436 Spink 199,341 (GEF) 3826 1926 P 1437 SNC 2006,7589 (VAS) 3828 1927 mod f SNC 2010, 9067(GEF) 1439 3830 1927 P 1440A (Not traced) 3832 1928 1441A SNC 1999 5257 (FDC) 3834 1928 VIP (SNC 2005, 6531 (UNC)) 1442 3836 1929 P 342 (GEF) 1443 Spink 199, 3838 1930 P

1920 Specimen

1922 1922P .875 Au 1922 P .625 Au

Provenance

(Old ESC)

ESC 3751 3754

(Adams 792 (UNC))

785

SJA 21, 427 (FDC)

785B

ESC 3752 3754

Variety 1936 P 1926 model

Provenance Adams 791 (FDC) Adams 780 (EF) SNC 2010 9013 (FDC) SNC 2009 8784 (GEF)

(Old ESC) 785A 774A?

930 932

(SNC 2005, 6477 (AEF))

934

(SNC 2005, 6482 (UNC))

936

SNC 2007

8058 (VAS)

938 939A

(SNC 2005, 6486 (UNC))

940

Norweb 1132

941A

See article SNC 1984 p.218

941C

SNC 2006,7561 (VAS)

942 943A

SNC 2010 9014 (GEF) Norweb 297 (FDC) SNC 1979 9047 (FDC)

945 747A 948A 949A

(VAS)

Norweb 711 SNC 1998, 1985 (FDC) Glens 6/1986,163 (FDC) Norweb 1133 Norweb 1131 SNC 2006 7562 (UNC) SJA 21, 428(FDC)

950A 951A 952A 953A 954A 955 955B

SNC 2010 9062(FDC) SNC 2010, 9063 (VAS) SNC 2009,8798(UNC) SNC 2006,7587 (GEF) SNC 2009,8800 (VAS) DNW 44,446 VAS) (Not traced) (Not traced) (Not traced) SNC 2010 9064 (UNC)

1421

(SNC 2005, 6524 (GVF))

1434

SNC 1999 5256 (FDC) (Not traced) (Not traced) SNC 2010 9066 (UNC) SNC 2008, 8447 (SNC 2005, 6530 (UNC))

1423 1425 1427 1429 1431 1430A? 1431A 1432A 1433

1434B 1435A 1436A 1438 1440 1441 1441B

(Not traced) Norweb 713

1442A 1443A

(continued) 637

PROVENANCES Variety 1931 1931 VIP 1932 P 1933 1934 1934 VIP 1935 P 1936 1936 VIP 1925P Pb

2859 3861 3863 3865 3867 3869

1913 P Ag 1913 P Au 1913MPPt 1913 P Fe 1913 P 1913 P Cu

GEORGE V - EIGHTPENCES 1481 3860 1913 Ni SJA 24, 336 (EF) Wilson & Ras 428 1481B 3862 1913 P Pt (SNC 1973, 5005 (FDC)) 1481D 3864 1913 P Cu 1481F 3866 1913PFePie 1482 3762(FDC) 3868 1913 P Au SNC 1998 14842A Norweb 1137 (EF) 3870 1913 P Pb

3871 3873 3875 3877 3879 3881 3883 3885 3887 3889 3891 3893 3895 3897 3899 3901 3903 3905 3907 3909 3911 3913 3915 3917 3919 3921 3923 3924

1911 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1920 Specimen

1922 1823 Ni 1924 P 1924 Au 1925 mod 1926 new 1927P Nicl 1927MP 1928 P 1929 1930 1931 1931 VIP 1932 P 1933 1934 1935 1935 VIP 1936 Pmill 1925 P Ni 1925 P

Provenance Spink 199,341 (GEF)

(Old ESC)

ESC 3839 3841 3843 3845 3847 3849 3851 3853 3855 3857

1444 1444B

Spink 32 519 (FDC)

1445A

(SNC 2005, 6535 (GEF))

1446

341 (GEF)

Spink 199,

1447 1447B

Norweb 1131

1448A

(SNC 2005, 6538 (UNC))

1449

SNC 2002, 4044(VAS) Spink 153,1056

1449B 1449B

ESC 3840 3842 3844 3846 3848 3850 3852 3854 3856 3858

Variety 1931 P 1932 1931 VIP 1933 P 1934 P 1935 1935 VIP 1936 P 1925 Pat Ni 1926 Model

GEORGE V - SIXPENCES 3872 1911 P SNC 2010 9127 (UNC) 1795 SNC 2006 7952 (UNC) 1797 3874 1913 (SNC 2002, 4176 (EF)) 1799 3876 1915 (SNC 2002, 4179 (GEF)) 1801 3878 1917 1803 Spink 199,344 (VAS) 3880 1919 (SNC 2001, 0606 (EF)) 1805 3882 1920 debase 1806A 3884 1921 (SN C2002, 4187(UNC)) 1808 3886 1923 1809A 3888 1924 1810A Bole 1, 1855 (AFDC) 3890 1924 Nil 1810C Bole 1, 1854 3892 1925 Bole 5, 1501 SNC 2010 9130 (GEF) 1812 3894 1826 mod 1814 CoE 47th ed. p. 4884025 3896 1927 1815A Bole 5, 1504 (AFDC) 3898 1927 P Ag 1816A 3900 1928 1817A Bole 5, 1507 (AFDC) 3902 1928 MP 1818 Spink 199,346 (EF) 3904 1929 P (SNC 2002, 4199 (EF)) 1819 3906 1930 P 1820 Spink 199,346 (EF) 3908 1931 P 1820B 3910 1932 1821A Bole 1, 1858 (AFDC) 3912 1932VIP (SNC 2002, 4201 (EF)) 1822 3914 1933 P 1823 Spink 199,346 (EF) 3916 1934 P (SNC 2002, 4204 (GEF)) 1824 3918 1935 P 1824B SJA 21, 431(FDC) 3920 1936 1825C SJA 21, 432(FDC) 3922 1936 VIP 1925 Uni. Rev Bole 1, 1856 (AFDC) 1825A 3924 (EF) 1825B 1926 Uni. Rev Bole 1, 1857 3925 638

(Old ESC)

Provenance Norweb 1134

1444A

(SNC 2005, 6534 (UNC))

1445 1444B

Spink 12 370 (FDC) Norweb 714 (VAS)

1446A 1447A

(SNC 2005, 6537 (UNC))

1448

SJA 21, 429(FDC) Spink 12 371 (FDC) Norweb 712 (VAS) SNC 1999, 5330(VAS)

1448B 1449A 1449A

Norweb 1138 EF

1481A

(SNC 1973, 5005 (FDC))

1481C

Baldwin 1,553 (FDC) Norweb 1139 (EF) Wilson & Ras 429 SNC 1998, 3763 (VF)

1481E

SNC 2010 9128 (FDC) Spink 199,345(VAS) Spink 199 345(VAS) Spink 199,345(VAS) (SNC 2002, 4183(GEF))

1481G 14842B 14842C

1796 1798 1800 1802 1804

(SNC 2002, 4185 (GEF))

1806

(SNC 2002, 4186 (UNC))

1807

Spink 199,346

(EF)

1809

(SNC 2002, 418 8 (UNC))

1810

(SNC 2001, 0612 (GEF))

1811

(SNC 2001, 0614 (UNC))

1813

SNC 2010 9131 (UNC) Bole 5, 1505 (AFDC) SNC 2010 9133 (UNC)

1816

1810B

1815

1817 1817B 1818A

Norweb 717 FDC Bole 5, 1508 (AFDC) Spink 199 346 (VAS)

1819A 1820A 1821 1821B

Bole 5, 1509 (AFDC) Norweb 718 (FDC) Bole 4, 58 (AFDC)

1822A

(SNC 2002, 4205 (GEF))

1825

1823A 1824A

1825D

Bole 5, 1503 (AFDC)

1825B

PROVENANCES ESC 3926 3928 3930 3932 3934 3936 3938 3940 3942 3943 3945 3947 3949 3951 3953 3955 3957 3959 3961 3963 3965 3967 3968

Variety 1911 1912 1914 1916 1918 1919/8 1920 debase 1921sm 2 1924MP 1925 1926 mod 1927 MP 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1935 VIP 1936 P 1923 P Ni 1924 Av 1925 P Ni

3970 3972 3974 3976 3978 3980 3982 3984 3986 3988 3990 3992 3994 3996

1911 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 debase 1930 new

4000 4000 4002 4002 4003 4005

5/- Obv / rev 5/- Obv / rev

Uniface Obv.

1933 1935

5/- Uni Ob. tin 5/- Uni Ob. tin 5/- Uni Rv. tin

2/6 Uni. obv

GEORGE V - THREEPENCES (Old ESC) ESC Variety (SNC 2003, 5103 (UNC) 2124 3927 1911 P 3929 1913 SNC 2006 7560(UNC) 2126 (SNC 2003, 5104 (VF) 2128 3931 1915 (SNC 2003, 5106 (EF) 2130 3933 1917 (SNC 2003, 5113 (UNC) 2132 3935 1919 2123A 3937 1920 (SNC 2003, 5117 (AEF) 2135 3939 1921 2136A 3941 1922

Provenance

(SNC 2002, 2674 (UNC))

2138

(SNC 2002, 2676 (UNC))

2140 2141A?

CoE 47th ed. p. 4914042

2143

(SNC 2003, 5122 (EF)

2144

(SNC 2002, 2682 (UNC))

2145

(SNC 2002, 2683 (UNC))

2146

(SNC 2002, 2684 (UNC))

2147

SNC 2006 7627(UNC) SJA 21, 433(FDC) SNC 1984 7547(FDC) SNC 1998 2135 (VAS) W&R 431 Norweb 719 (FDC)

2148 2148B 2149A 2149C 2149E 2149B

3944 3946 3948 3950 3952 3954 3956 3958 3960 3962 3964 3966 3967 3969

1926 1927P new 1928 1930 P 1931 P 1932 P 1933 P Pln 1934 P 1935 P 1936 1936 VIP 1924 MP 1924 P Au 1925 MP

GEORGE V - MAUNDY SETS 3971 1911 P SNC 2009 8806 (GEF) 2527 2529 Spink 202,341 (EF) 3973 1913 (SNC 2005, 6674 (VAS)) 2531 3975 1915 2533 Baldw.77 2921 (Unc) 3977 1917 SNC 2009,8807 (GEF) 2535 3979 1919 2537 SJA 10, 976 (FDC) 3981 1921 debase (SNC 2001, 0393 (UNC)) 2539 3983 1923 (SNC 2002, 4487 (UNC)) 2541 3985 1925 (SNC 2002, 4488 (UNC)) 2543 3987 1927 2545 CoE 47th ed. p. 4914043 3989 1929 2547 SNC 20119604(UNC) 3991 1931 2548A 3993 1932 (SNC 2001, 0402 (UNC)) 2550 3995 1934 2552 Spink 201,663 (VAS) 3997 1936 Spink 149 346 Spink 149 346 (FDC) Spink 217 864 (VAS) Glens 3/1970236 (VAS) Glens 3/1970236 (VAS) Adams 794 (EF)

EDWARD VIII 4000 5/- Obv / rev

391C

(Old ESC)

Provenance

2125

SNC 2011

9584 (UNC)

(SNC 2003, 5105 (GVF)

2127 2129

(SNC 2003, 5110 (EF)

2131

(SNC 2003, 5116 (GEF)

2123

CoE 47th ed. p. 4884026

2124

(SNC 2003, 5119 (AEF)

2136

SNC 2006 7626(GEF)

2137

(SNC 2002, 2639 (GEF))

2139

Spink 199,347 (VAS) Spink 199,348 (VAS) Norweb 720 (FDC) SNC 2006, 7513 (VAS) Norweb 1144 SNC 1994 8130 (FDC) Norweb 721 Norweb 1131

2141 2142 2143A? 2144A 2145A? 2146A 2147A 2148A

(SNC 2002, 2686 (UNC))

2149

SJA 21, 434(FDC) SNC 1997, 5989 SNC1998,6920 (VAS) SNC1998,2119 (VAS)

2149B 2149D 2149E 2149C

(SNC 2011, 9585 (VAS))

2528

(SNC 2001, 0386 (UNC))

2530

SNC 2006, 7810 (AEF) SNC 2011 9591 (UNC) Baldw.77 2922 (Unc)

2532

(SNC 2001, 0392 (UNC))

2534 2536 2538

SJA 10, 980(FDC)

2540

(SNC 2001, 0396 (UNC))

2542

(SNC 2003, 5657 (AEF))

2544

Spink 201,661(VAS)

2546

(SNC 2001, 0400 (UNC))

2548

(SNC 2001, 0401 (UNC))

2549

(SNC 2001, 0403 (UNC))

2551

Spink 202,348

(VAS)

2553

Spink 124 2262 (VAS)

391C

SNC 1997, 214 Spink 217 864 (VAS) Spink 46 819 (FDC)

?

391C

785C

4001 4003 4004 4006

5/-Model obv 5/- Uni Rv tin

2/6

785A

(continued) 639

PROVENANCES ESC 4007 4009

(Old ESC)

Variety

Provenance SNC 2000, 3194 (FDC)

955B

(DNW 107, 616)

?

4011 4013 4015

2/- MP 2/- Model 1/6d 3d rev

Spink 46 820 (FDC) Bole 1, 1861 (FDC) CoE 47th ed. p. 4944063

1449B

4020 4022 4024 4026 4028 4030 4032 4034 4037 4039 4042 4044 4046 4046 4049 4049 4051 4053 4055 4057

(Old ESC)

Variety

Provenance

2/- Rev 1/- Pat Scot

CoE 47th ed. p. 4944063 SNC 1992 3625(VAS)

955A

6d model obv

Bole 5, 1510 (AFDC)

1825C

1837 1937 VIP 1951 VIP 1951 MP 1951 Trial 1937Trialcn

GEORGE VI - CROWNS 392 Spink 190,739 (VAS) 4021 1937 P (FDC) 393A SJA 21, 444 4023 1937 MP 393C Barr 483 (FDC) 4025 1951 VIP 393E Barr 130 (FDC) 4027 1951 Trial 393G 4029 1951 P Pln Barr 485 (EF) 1937 Uni, Rev. 393I 4031 SNC 20035780 (FDC)

Spink 4 716 (FDC) Barr 127 (AFDC) SNC 2010 8953 (FDC) Barr 484 (EF) Norweb 1907 (EF) L&S 6

393

1950 P Mil

GEORGE VI - DOUBLE FLORINS 406B 1950 P 4 Shills Barr 131(UNC) 4033

SJA 15, 562 (VAS)

1825B

ESC 4008 4011 4012 4014

2149D

GEORGE VI - HALFCROWNS 786 4035 1937 P 4036 1937 MP 788 1938 Spink 199 356 (VAS) 4038 1938 P (Rasmussen 9/432 (UNC))) 789 1939 4040 1939 P 4041 1939 VIP (Commonly found) 790 1940 4043 1940 P (Rasmussen 9/433 (UNC))) 791 1941 4045 1941 P (Commonly found) 792 1942 4047 1942 P 1942 Specimen strike Adams 797 (UNC) 792 4048 1942 MP 1937

(Rasmussen 9/430 (UNC)))

1943 Specimen strike

1943 1943MP 1944 1945 1946 1st

Adams 798 (UNC)

Adams 795 (FDC) Norweb 729 FDC Adams 795 (FDC) Spink 107 457 (FDC) Spink 166 90 (AFDC) Norweb 1898 Norweb 1899 Spink 69,409 (FDC)

393B 393D 393F 339H 393J

406C

787 787A 788A 789A 789B 790A 791A 792A 792B

793

(Rasmussen 9/434 (UNC)))

793

SNC 1998, 448 (FDC)

793B

(Rasmussen 9/435 (UNC)))

794

(Rasmussen 9/435 (UNC)))

795

(Commonly found)

796

4060

1947

(Rasmussen 9/436 (UNC))

797

4063 4065

1948 1949

(Rasmussen 9/436 (UNC)))

798

Adams 803

4068

1950

Adams 803 (UNC)

4071

1951

Adams 803 (UNC)

4074

1952

(UNC)

1449

4050 4052 4054 4056 4058 4059 4061 4062 4064 4066 4067 4069 4070 4072 4073 4075

640

1943 P 1943 VIP 1944 P 1945 P 1946 P 1946 P2nd 1947 P 1947 VIP 1948 P 1949 P 1949 VIP 1950 P 1950 MP 1951 P 1951 MP 1952 P

Spink 199 385 (FDC) Spink 166 91 (AFDC)

793A 793C 794A 795A

Norweb 1902

796A

Very rare

796B

Adams 800 (FDC) Spink 1171159 (FDC) Spink 12 385 (FDC) Spink 107 458 (FDC) Bald. Sum. 14,BM162 Adams 803 (FDC) Norweb 1161 Adams 803 (FDC) SJA 20, 172 (FDC) Baldwin125yr sale1997

797A 797B 798A

PROVENANCES ESC 4076

Variety 1937

4079 4081

1938 1939

4084 4086 4088 4090 4092 4094 4095 4097 4099 4101 4103 4105 4107 4109 4111 4113 4115 4117 4119

1940 1941 1942 1942 MP 1943 P 1943 MP 1944 1945 1946 1946 P Cu 1947 P 1948 1948 VIP 1949 P 1950 1950 MP 1951 P 1951 MP 1952 VIP

GEORGE VI - FLORINS (Old ESC) Provenance ESC Variety 956 Spink 215,469 (UNC) 4077 1937 P 4078 1937 MP 958 Spink 199,357 (VAS) 4080 1938 P (SNC 2002, 3793 (UNC)) 959 4082 1939 P 4083 1939 VIP (SNC 2002, 3796 (UNC)) 960 4085 1940 P 961 4087 1941 P Bull (SNC 1994, 4278 (VAS)) 962 4089 1942 P 962A 4091 1943 963A 4093 1943 VIP SNC 1998 3768 (FDC) 963B (SNC 1994, 4280 (UNC)) 964 4096 1944 P (SNC 1994, 4281 (UNC)) 965 4098 1945 P 966 SNC 1998 945 (UNC) 4100 1946 P 966B Very rare 4102 1947 cu 967A Norweb 1159 4104 1947 VIP (Rasmussen 9/441 (UNC))) 968 4106 1948 P 4108 1949 new Spink 107 458 (FDC) 4110 1949 VIP (Rasmussen 9/441 (UNC))) 968B 4112 1950 P 968F Norweb 1161 4114 1951 968E 4116 1951 VIP SNC 20056117 (FDC) 968G SJA 13, 830 (FDC) 4118 1952 P

Provenance Spink 199,340 (FDC) Norweb 729 FDC Norweb 1157 Spink 107 457 (FDC) SNC 1998 3766 (FDC) Norweb 1898 Norweb 1899 Norweb 1900 (SNC 1994, 4279 (VAS))

(Old ESC) 957 957A 958A 959A 959B 960A 961A 962A 963 963B

964A 965A 966A

SNC 1998 946 (UNC)

967 967B

Spink 12 388

(FDC)

(Rasmussen 9/441 (UNC)))

968A

FPLSum‘14 BM166

Bald. Spink 216,1009 (FDC)

968C

(Rasmussen 9/441 (UNC)))

968D

GEORGE VI - SHILLINGS English

4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 4132 4133 4132 4135 4136 4137

1937 1937 P 1937 MP 1938 1938 P 1939 1939 VIP 1939 P 1939 VIP 1940 1940 P 1941 1941 P 1942 1942 P 1942 MP 1943 1943

(Rasmussen 9/442 (UNC)))

1450

(Rasmussen 9/442 (UNC)))

1451

Norweb 729

(FDC)

1451A

Spink 199,358 (VAS) Norweb 1157

1454

(Rasmussen 9/443 (UNC)))

1456

Spink 107

457 (FDC)

1454A

1456A

(Rasmussen 9/443 (UNC)))

1458

Norweb 1898

1458A

(Rasmussen 9/443 (UNC)))

1460

Norweb 1899

1460A

47th ed. p. 497

CoE 4082 Spink 69,409 (FDC)

1462 1462A 1462B

(Rasmussen 9/443 (UNC)))

1464

Scottish

4149 4150 4151 4152 4153 4154 4155 4156 4157 4158 4159 4160 4161 4162 4163 4164 4165 4166 4167

1937 1937 P 1937 MP 1937 Obv.

unifa

1938 1938 P 1938 VIP 1939 1939 P 1939 VIP 1940 1940 P 1941 1941 P 1941 VIP 1942 1942 P 1942 MP 1943

(Rasmussen 9/442 (UNC)))

1452

347 (VAS)

1453

Spink 199, Norweb 729 Spink 199,347 (VAS) Spink 199,358 (VAS) Norweb 1157 (Rasmussen 9/444 (UNC))) 457 (FDC)

Spink 107 SNC 1998 3768 (FDC)

1453A 1453B 1455 1455A

1457 1457A

(Rasmussen 9/444 (UNC)))

1459

Norweb 1898

1459A

(Rasmussen 9/444 (UNC)))

1461

Norweb 1899 Norweb 1899

1461A 1461A

(Rasmussen 9/444 (UNC)))

1463

Spink69,409 (FDC)

1463A

(Rasmussen 9/444 (UNC)))

1465

Die axis inverted (continued) 641

PROVENANCES ESC 4138 4139 4140 4141 4142 4143 4144 4145 4146 4147 4148

Variety 1943 P 1943 MP 1944 1944 P 1944 MP 1945 1945 P 1946.500 ag 1946 P ag 1946 VIP 1947 P ag

4179 4180 4181 4182 4183 4184 4185

1946Pcu-ni 1947 1947 P 1947 VIP 1948 1948 P 1948 VIP

4193 4194 4195 4196 4197

1949 1949 P 1949 VIP 1950 1950 P

4198 4199 4200 4201 4202 4203 4216

1950 MP 1951 1951 P 1951 MP 1952 P Ni 1952 MP 1952 P Ni

4218 4219 4221 4223 4225 4227 4229 4231 4233 4235 4237 4239

1937 1937 MP 1938 1938 VIP 1939 P 1940 1940 VIP 1941 P 1942 1942 VIP 1943 P 1943 MP

English Provenance SNC 1999 5268(FDC)

(Old ESC) 1464A 1464B

(Rasmussen 9/443 (UNC)))

1466

SNC 1999,

1466A

5269(FDC)

(Rasmussen 9/443 (UNC)))

1468 1468A

(Rasmussen 9/443 (UNC)

1470

Norweb 1903

1470 A

B.M. collection

1470B

SNC 1979

1470A

11463(FDC)

Norweb 1159

1472 1472A 1472B

Bull SNC 1999

1474 5272 (FDC)

1474A

(Rasmussen 9/445 (UNC)))

1475A

Spink 107 458 (FDC) B.F.P.L.2014. BM186

1475AA

(Rasmussen 9/445 (UNC)))

Bull

1475C 1475D

Norweb 1161

1475DD

(Rasmussen 9/445 (UNC)))

1475G

SNC 1999 5275 (GEF)

1475H 1475?

Norweb 731

ESC 4168 4169 4170 4171 4172 4173 4174 4175 4176 4177 4178

Variety 1943 P 1943 MP 1944 1944 P 1944 MP 1945 1945 P 1946.500 ag 1946 P ag 1946 VIP 1947 P ag

4186 4187 4188 4189 4190 4191 4192

1946Pcu-ni 1947 1947 P 1947 VIP 1948 1948 P 1948 VIP

4204 4205 4206 4207 4208 4209 4210 4211 4212 4213 4214 4215 4217

1949 1949 P 1949 VIP 1950 1950 P 1950 VIP 1950 MP 1951 1951 P 1951 MP 1952 P Ni 1952 MP 1952 P Ni

GEORGE VI - SIXPENCES 1826 4266 1937 P 1827 Bole 1, 1862 (AFDC) 4220 (SNC 2002, 4208 (UNC)) 1828 4222 1938 P 4224 1939 1529A Spink 107 457 (FDC) 4226 1939 VIP (Rasmussen 9/448 (UNC))) 1830 4228 1940 P 4230 1941 1831A 4232 1941 VIP Bole 4, 60 (AFDC) 1832 Spink 69,409 (FDC) 4234 1942 P 4236 1943 SNC 1998 3772 (AFD) 1833A 4238 1943 VIP 1833C 4240 1944

Scottish Provenance

(Old ESC)

M.R. 14/185 (FDC))

1465B

(Rasmussen 9/444 (UNC)))

1467

SNC 1999,

1467A

CoE

5282(FDC)

47th ed. p. 497

4083

(Rasmussen 9/444 (UNC)

1469 1469A 1471 1471A

1471B

Reserved (Rasmussen 9/446 (UNC)))

1473

Norweb 1159 M.R. 14/186 (FDC)) Bull SNC 1999 5284 (FDC)

1473A 1473 1475 1475A

(Rasmussen 9/446 (UNC)))

Spink 107 458 (FDC) B.F.P.L.2014. BM185 (Rasmussen 9/446 (UNC)))

1475E 1475F

Bull Norweb 1161

1475H

(Commonly found)

1475I

SJA 13, 831 (FDC) Norweb 731 FDC Spink 199,347 (VAS)

1475J

cf.1453

(Rasmussen 9/448 (UNC)))

Bole 1, 1863 (FDC)

1828A

(SNC 2002, 4209 (UNC))

1829

SNC 1998 3768 (FDC) Bole 1, 1864 (FDC) (SNC 2002, 4210 (EF))

1830A 1831

Spink 69,409 (FDC) (SNC 2002, 4212 (UNC))

1833

(SNC 2002, 4213 (UNC))

1834

1833B

(continued) 642

PROVENANCES ESC 4241 4243 4245 4247 4249 4251 4253 4255 4257 4259 4261 4263 4265 4267 4269 4271 4272 4274

Variety 1944 P 1945 1946 1946 VIP 1947 1947 VIP 1948 P 1949 new 1949VIP 1950 P 1950 MP 1951 P 1951 MP 1952 P 1937 model 1949 Pat

4275 4277 4279 4281 4283 4285 4287 4289 4291 4293 4295 4297 4299 4301 4303

1937 1937 VIP 1938 1938 VIP 1939 P 1940 1940 VIP 1941 P 1942 1942 MP 1943 P 1943 MP 1944 P 1945 1945 VIP

4304 4306 4308 4310 4312 4314 4316 4318 4320 xxxx 4322

1937 1937 MP 1939 1941 1943 1945 1947 1949 1951

Provenance

(Old ESC)

(SNC 2002, 4214 (UNC))

1835

(SNC 2002, 4215 (UNC))

1836

(SNC 2002, 4216 (UNC))

1837

SJA 20, 173 (FDC) Bole 1, 1866 (FDC) (SNC 2002, 4217 (UNC))

1838A

B.F.P.L.2014. BM204 (Rasmussen 9/448 (UNC)))

Bole 5, 1516 (AFDC) SJA 13, 832 (FDC)

1838C? 1838E

Bole 5, 1517 (AFDC)

Bole 1, 1867 (FDC) Bole 5, 1511 (EF) Bole 5, 1515 (VF)

Double obv. mule

1827A 1838A

ESC 4242 4244 4246 4248 4250 4252 4254 4256 4258 4260 4262 4264 4266 4268 4270 4271 4273

Variety Provenance 1944 MP 1945 P 1946 P Bole 1, 1865 (AFDC) 1946 Pat cu-ni 1947 P Bole 5, 1514 (FDC) (Rasmussen 9/448 (UNC))) 1948 1948 VIP 1949 P Spink 107 458 (FDC) (Commonly found) 1950 1950 VIP (Commonly found) 1951 1951 VIP (SNC 2002, 4212 (GVF)) 1952 1952 VIP 1938 T Al Bole 5, 1512 (VF) 1949 Uni .Rev DNW 91 203(EF)

(Old ESC)

1836B 1836A 1837A 1838 1838A? 1838A 1838B 1838C 1838D 1838E? 1838F 1838G 1828B

1949 Thin flan

1950 Thin flan

1951 Full issue

1952 Cu-ni

GEORGE VI - THREEPENCES 2150 4276 1937 P , 4808 2151B SNC ‘89 4278 1937 MP (SNC 2002, 2688 (UNC)) 2152 4280 1938 P SNC 1998 5558 (FDC) 4282 1939 Spink 107 457 (FDC) 4284 1939 VIP (SNC 2002, 2690 (UNC)) 2154 4286 1940 P 4809 SNC 1989, 4288 1941 Norweb 1899 4290 1941VIP (SNC 2002, 2692 (UNC)) 2156 4292 1942 P 4294 1943 4296 1943VIP SNC 1998,3771 (FDC) 4298 1944 4300 1944 MP 2159 4302 1945 P (SNC 2002, 2687 (UNC))

(SNC 2003, 5124 (GEF) FDC

2151A

Norweb 729 Norweb 1157

2151C

(SNC 2002, 2689 (UNC))

2153

SNC 1998 3768 (FDC) Norweb 1898 SNC 2006 7628(UNC) SNC 1989, 4810) Spink 69,409 (FDC)

2153A

2155

(SNC 2002, 2693 (UNC))

2157

2152A

2154A

2155A 2156A

2157A

SNC 2002 2639 (UNC)

2158 2158A 2159A 2159B

GEORGE VI - MAUNDY SETS 4305 1937 P SNC 2011, 9611(UNC) 2554 2554B Norweb 729 FDC 4307 1938 2556 Spink 201,664 (VAS) 4309 1940 (SNC 2005, 6678(VAS)) 2558 4311 1942 (SNC 2001, 0412 (UNC)) 2560 4313 1944 SNC 2011 9619(UNC) 2652 4315 1946 (SNC 2001, 0416 (UNC)) 2564 4317 1948 2566 SNC 2006,7812 (VAS) 4319 1950 866 (Unc) 2568 Spink 217 4321 1951 MP Spink 221103122coins) 2568 2569 Norweb 733 FDC 4323 1952 copper 643

2554A (SNC 2001, 0407 (GEF)

2555

Spink 202,349 (VAS)

2557

(SNC 2001, 0411 (UNC))

2559

Spink 202,350 (VAS)

2561

(SNC 2001, 0415 (UNC))

2563

Spink 215,469 (EF) Spink 199,444 VAS) SJA 13, 833(FDC)

2565 2567 2568A

2569A?

PROVENANCES 4330 4332 4333 4335 4337 4339 4341 4343 4345 4347

1953 1953P

early strk

1953 VIP 1960 milled 1960 P Pol 1965 1965SpSat 1965 light wt Machin pattern

1966 Pat.

4349 4351 4353 4355 4357 4359 4361 4363 4365 4367 4369 4371 4373 4375 4377 4379

1953 1953 VIP 1954 1954 VIP 1955 1955 MP 1956 P 1957 1957 VIP 1958 P 1959 1960 1960 VIP 1961 1961 P 1962

4382 4384 4386 4388 4390

1963 1964 1965 1966 1967

4393 4395 4397 4399 4401 4403 4405 4407 4409 4411 4413

1953 1953 VIP 1954 1954 VIP 1955 P 1956 1956 VIP 1957 P 1958 1958 VIP 1959 P

ELIZABETH II - CROWNS SNC 2006 7194 (GEF) 393F 4331 1953 P 393E Spink 4 717 (FDC) 4333 1953 VIP 4334 1953 MP Barr 328 (FDC) 393K 1960Plain edge Barr 487 (UNC) 4336 393L Barr 489 (AFDC) 4338 1960 VIP (Commonly found) 393N 1965Plain edge 4340 393O DNW104574 (VAS) 4342 1965 ON Barr 493 (EF) 4344 1953Pcn-ni Machin pattern SNC 19941112 (VAS) 4346 393Q Barr 494 (AFDC) 4348 1966P av ELIZABETH II - HALFCROWNS CoE 47th ed. p. 5064137 4350 1953 P DNW 114,1584 4352 1953 MP (Commonly found) 4354 1954 P 4356 1954 MP (Commonly found) 4358 1955 P 4360 1956 Adams 808 (FDC) 4362 1956 VIP (Commonly found) 4364 1957 P 4366 1958 Adams 810 (FDC) 4368 1958 VIP (Commonly found) 4370 1959 P (Commonly found) 4372 1960 P 4374 1960Bronze (Commonly found) 1961Polished 4376 (FDC) Adams 811 4378 1961 VIP (Commonly found) 4380 1962 P 4381 1962 VIP (Commonly found) 4383 1963 P Adams 812 (UNC) 4385 1964 P Adams 812 (UNC) 4387 1965 P Adams 812 (UNC) 4389 1966 P Adams 812 (UNC) 4391 1967 P 4392 1970 P ELIZABETH II - FLORINS 968F CoE 47th ed. p. 5064138 4394 1953 P DNW 114,1584 4396 1953 MP (Commonly found) 968H 4398 1954 P 4400 1955 Norweb 746 FDC 4402 1955 MP (Commonly found) 968J 4404 1956 P 4406 1957 968K SNC 19983779(FDC) 4408 1957 VIP (Commonly found) 968L 4410 1958 P 4412 1959 4414 1960

Barr 486 (GEF) Norweb 1912 (FDC) Barr 132 (FDC) Barr 488 (EF) Norweb 745 FDC Barr 492 (EF) SJA 23, 307 (VAS) SJA 23, 307(VAS) SNC 20003197 (VAS)

393G

Adams 806 (FDC) Norweb 744 (FDC) Spink 107 460 (FDC)

798H

393FF 393J 393K? 393M

393P 393P?

393R

Adams 807 (FDC) (Commonly found)

Adams 809 (FDC) Spink 199 356 (VAS) SJA 20, 176 (FDC) SNC 1986 7005 (VAS) Spink 6 872 (VF) (Commonly found)

SNC 1978,8288 (FDC)

Adams 812 (FDC) Norweb 744 FDC

968G

Spink 107 460 (FDC) (Commonly found)

968I

Norweb 1165 CoE 47th ed. p. 5084146

968K

Spk 216 1014 (FDC) Spink 199,357 (VAS)

968M

(Commonly found)

(continued) 644

PROVENANCES ESC 4415 4417 4419 4421 4423 4425 4426 4428 4431 4433 4435 4437 4439 4441

Variety 1960 P 1961 1961 VIP 1962 P 1963 1963 P Au 1964 1965 1966 1967 1970 P 1961 Pat 1961 Pat 1961 Pat

Provenance

(Old ESC)

(Commonly found)

968N

(Commonly found)

968Q

ESC 4416 4418 4420 4422 4424

Variety 1960 VIP 1961 P 1962 1962 VIP 1963 P

4427 4429 4430 4432 4434 4436 4438 4440

1964 P 1965 P 1965Ni-bras 1966 P 1967 P 1955P. cu-ni 1961 Pat 1961 Pat

(Old ESC)

Provenance Norweb 1167

968O

(Commonly found)

968P

Wilson & Ras 455 (Commonly found)

968R

(Commonly found)

968S

(Commonly found)

968T

(Commonly found)

968U

(Commonly found)

968V

ALB Spk 134, 465 POL Spk 134 ION (IONIC)

Glens.1992/12/9738 (EF)

Sovereign 2000/11, p.30.142

BAS Spk 134 ALBERTUS

ELIZABETH II – SHILLINGS English

47th ed. p. 507

1475K

4442 4443 4444 4445

1953 1953 P 1953 VIP 1953 MP

CoE 4139 SNC 1999 5289 (FDC) DNW 114,1584 Norweb 744 VAS

4450 4451 4452 4453 4454 4455 4456

1954 1954 P 1954 VIP 1954 MP 1955 1955 P 1955 MP

Bull Spink 107 460 (FDC) Spk 115, 2150

1475O

(Commonly found)

1475Q

4457 4458 4459 4460 4461 4462 4463 4464 4465 4466 4467 4468 4469 4470 4471 4472 4473

1956 1956 P 1956 VIP 1957 1957 P 1957 VIP 1958 1958 P 1958VIP 1959 1959 P 1960 1960 P 1960 VIP 1961 1961 P 1961 VIP

Norweb 746 FDC Norweb 744 FDC

1475L

1475Q

(Commonly found)

1475S

Norweb 1165 SNC. 2003 MS5784

1475S

(Commonly found)

1475U

Norweb 1166 (Commonly found)

1475W

5293 (FDC)

SNC 1999 SNC. 2003 MS5784 (Commonly found)

1475Y

(Commonly found)

1475AA

(Not traced) (Commonly found)

Norweb 1167

1475CC

Scottish CoE 47th ed. p. 5074140 SNC 1999 5296 (FDC) DNW 114,1584

1475M

4446 4447 4448 4449

1953 1953 P 1953 VIP 1953 MP

4485 4486 4487 4488 4489 4490 4491 4492 4493 4494 4495 4496 4497 4498 4499 4500 4501 4502 4503 4504 4505 4506 4507 4508 4509

1954 1954 P 1954 VIP 1954 MP 1955 1955 P 1955 MP

Bull Spink 107 460 (FDC) Spk 115, 2150 SNC 1979,11644 (FDC)

1475P

(Commonly found)

1475R

1955Pat. nickel

Sovereign 2000/11, p.30.142

1956 1956 P 1956 VIP 1957 1957 P 1957 VIP 1958 1958 P 1958VIP 1959 1959 P 1960 1960 P 1960 VIP 1961 1961 P 1961 VIP

1475N

Norweb 746 FDC (Commonly found)

Norweb 1165 SNC. 2003 MS5784 (Commonly found)

1475V

Norweb 1166 (Commonly found)

1475X

8427 (GEF)

SNC 1986 SNC. 2003 MS5784 Spink 199,358 VAS) (Commonly found)

1475X?

1475Z

1475BB

Bald.FPL Summer 2012,BM079 (Commonly found)

1475DD

Norweb 1167 (continued)

645

PROVENANCES English Provenance

(Old ESC)

ESC 4474 4475 4476 4477 4478 4479 4480 4481 4482 4483 4484

Variety 1962 1962 VIP 1963 1963 P 1964 1964 P 1965 1965 P 1966 1966 P 1970 P

4521 4523

1953 1953 VIP

4525 4527 4529

1954 1954 VIP 1955

Spink/Sby 4041

1838G

(Commonly found)

1838G

4532 4534

1956 1957

(Commonly found)

1838H

(Commonly found)

1838G

4536

1958

4539 4541 4543 4545 4547 4549 4551 4553 4555 4557

1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1967 Brass

4559 4560 4561 4562 4563 4564 4565 4566 4567 4568

1953 1953 MP 1953 P Au 1963Pcu-ni 1954 1955 1955 MP 1956 1957 1958

(Commonly found)

1475EE

(Commonly found)

1475GG

(Commonly found)

1475II

(Commonly found)

1475KK

(Commonly found)

1475M

(Commonly found)

1475OO

ESC 4510 4511 4512 4513 4514 4515 4516 4517 4518 4519 4520

Variety 1962 1962 VIP 1963 1963 P 1964 1964 P 1965 1965 P 1966 1966 P 1970 P

ELIZABETH II - SIXPENCES 1838G 4522 1953 P CoE 47th ed. p. 5074141 4524 1953 MP

1838H

(Commonly found)

1838H

(Commonly found)

1838G

(Commonly found)

1838P

(Commonly found)

1838Q

(Commonly found)

1838R

(Commonly found)

1838S

(Commonly found)

1838T

(Commonly found)

1838U

(Commonly found)

1838V

Bole 5, 1523 (VAS)

1838V?

4526 4528 4530 4531 4533 4535 4535 4537 4538 4540 4542 4544 4546 4548 4550 4552 4554 4556 4558

1954 P 1954 MP 1955 P 1955 MP 1956 P 1957 P 1957 P 1958 P 1958 VIP 1959 P 1960 P 1961 P 1962 P 1963 P 1964 P 1965 P 1966 P 1967 P 1970 P

Scottish Provenance

(Old ESC)

(Commonly found)

1475FF

(Commonly found)

1475HH

(Commonly found)

1475JJ

(Commonly found)

1475LL

(Commonly found)

14755N

(Commonly found)

1475PP

Bald 80 2435(GEF) Norweb 744 VAS

1838H ????

Spink 107 460 (FDC)

1838H

Norweb 746 FDC

1838G

(SNC 2002 2575 (FDC))

SNC 2002, 3423 (FDC) Bole 5, 1519 (FDC) Bole 1, 1869 (FDC)

1838L 1838G 1838G?

Norweb 1167 Bole 1, 1870 (FDC)

1838SS

(SNC 2002, 4225 (FDC))

1838W

ELIZABETH II - MAUNDY SETS 2579 4572 1962 SJA 12, 871 (FDC) SNC 2007 8023 (VAS) 2570 2570A Norweb 1169 4573 1963 2570B 2581 Norweb 747 FDC 4574 1964 Spink 202,355 (VAS) (SNC 2005, 6683(Mint)) 2580 2582 4575 1965 SNC 2007 8024 (UNC) 2571 2583 Spk 221,1033 4576 1966 SNC 2006 7813 (GEF) 2572 (SNC 2001, 0436 (UNC)) 2584 Spink 202,353 (VAS) 4577 1967 2585 SNC 2005 6356 (FDC) 2572A 4578 1968 SJA 12, 872 (FDC) (SNC 2001, 0425 (UNC)) 2573 (FDC) 2586 4579 1969 SJA 17, 288 2574 (SNC 2001, 04395 (UNC)) 2587 Spink 208,1226(UNC) 4580 1970 2575 SJA 11, 350 (FDC) See under Decimal coinage (continued) 646

PROVENANCES ESC 4569 4570 4571

Variety 1959 1960 1961

Provenance SJA 12, 869(FDC) SJA 17, 287 (FDC) Spink 214,794 (UNC)

(Old ESC) 2576 2577 2578

ESC xxxx xxxx xxxx

Variety 1971 1972Full iss 1973

Provenance SNC 2011 9645 (UNC)

(Old ESC) 2588

(SNC 2005, 6971 (EF))

2589

(SNC 2001, 0442 (UNC))

2590

ELIZABETH II PROPOSED DECIMAL PATTERNS 1961 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 & 1 cents PDS.2 SNC 2005, p.140, MS6357 Spink 124, lot 2263 PDS.4 Spink 124, lot 2264 Spink 62, lot 461 PDS.6 Bald. F.P.L.W2012/13,BM105 Spink 124, lot 2265 Spink 130,379 (FDC) PDS.1

PDS.1 PDS.3 PDS.5 PDS.7 PDS.1

Note Commonly found = rarely illustrated in catalogues because easily collected

xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx

Patina

Uni

B A/1 Au B/2 Au/Ag 1936 B/3 1937 C/4 Ag 1936

UNOFFICIAL ‘PATINA’ CROWNS Patina xxxx A Al , 430 (FDC) Patina DNW 65 xxxx C 4/1936 391 xxxx B/2 Spink 31474 (FDC) DNW 74B1054(FDC) xxxx B/2 Au/ 1936 391E xxxx B/3 Au Glen‘95/10.365 (VAS) 1937 (Spink 6, 858 (EF)) xxxx C/4 Av

647

DNW 65, 430 (FDC) DNW 65, 430 (FDC) DNW 77 354 (FDC) Glen ‘94/6.441 (VAS) SJA 16, 237 (FDC) Spink 21, 863 (FDC)

391F

APPENDIX I SILVER AND CUPRO-NICKEL COINAGE TABLES FROM 1816 (Reproduced from the fifth edition of E.S.C by P. Alan Rayner) Collectors have frequently commented that a list of the numbers of coins issued each year by the Mint would provide a useful addition to this work. Detailed records of seventeenth and eighteenth century minting are incomplete but the tables below give the issues from 1816-1966 inclusive. However, we have some reservations in mind regarding these figures, as they are frequently misinterpreted. The amounts given are the numbers of coins issued by the Mint in a particular calendar year, not the number of coins that bear a particular date. In many instances dies of one year continued to be used the following year, and it is only since 1950 that totals of particular dates can be computed with accuracy. Also in some years coins have been struck with the following year’s date, but have been included in the total of coins issued in the year they were made. The figures given below have been compiled from Mint records but some amounts may require amendment following current research.

648

APPENDIX I

.

649

APPENDIX I 1 2

The coins dated 1816 were not issued until 1817, so they are included in the figures for 1817 This includes 8,000 ‘Gothic’ crowns

650

APPENDIX I * 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Doubleflorins issued only in: 1887, 483,347; 1888, 243,340; 1889, 1,185,111; 1890, 782,145 No groats known of this date, so they were probably dated 1855 Proof coins Includes 2,500 raised edge proofs Includes 3,767,633 sixpences dated 1961 Figures include the following number dated 1962: 2/6, 15,200; 2/-, 18,000; 1/-, 1,506,000 6d, 11,896,000 Figures include the following number dated 1963: 2/6, 77,600; 2/-, 909,000; 1/-, 5,038,000; 6d, 7,092,000 Figures include the following number dated 1964: 2/6, 1,474,400; 2/-, 1,135,000; 1/-, 4,000; 6d, 22,076,000 Figures include the following number dated 1965: 5/-, 7,560,000; 2/6, 3,228,000; 2/-, 575,000; 1/-, 758,000

651

APPENDIX I

652

APPENDIX I

653

APPENDIX I

These figures are included in the preceding tables and the number given includes both the silver coins issued with and without gold Year Silver sets with gold* Year Silver sets without gold Cupro-nickel c.400 1826 (No gold) c.200 1831 c.300 1839 c.20-50 1853 797 287 1887 c.650 556 1893 Long set 8,066 1902 Short set 7,057 1902 Long set 2,812 2,243 17,513 1911 1950 Short set 952 20,000 1911 1951 15,000 40,000 1927 1953 20,901 750,000 1937 1970 *Until the end of the nineteen century it was possible for collectors and institutions to purchase individual proof coins from the Mint in addition to complete sets, unfortunately no records exist. The popular 1839 Five Pounds was sold singularly and the mintage must be in the order of 700-800

654

A SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Amstell, M.

A Start to Coin Collecting, English Coins. W. Foulsham & Co Ltd., London. 1966 Ansell, George F. The Royal Mint, with suggestions for its better managenent. London, 1870 B.N.J. Various papers in The British Numismatic Journal (the journal of the British Numismatic Society. All journals available on line at www.britnumsoc.org Brooke, George C. English Coins, from the Seventeenth Century to the present day. Methuen & Co. Ltd, London. 3rd Edition 1966 Cope, & Rayner The Standard Catalogue of English Milled Coinage in Silver, Copper and Bronze.1662-1972. London, 1978 Challis, C.E. a New History of the Royal Mint from 600. Cambridge, 1992 Craig, Sir John. The Mint. A History of the London Mint from A.D.287-1948 Cambridge, 1953 Crowther, G.P. A Guide to English Pattern Coins. London, 1887 Davis, Peter J. British Silver Coins since 1816. London, 1982. ISBN 0 9507613 0 X Davis, W.J. The Nineteenth Century Token Coinage B.A. Seaby Ltd Dyer, G.P. The Proposed coinage of King Edward VIII. H.M.S.O. 1973 Farey, Roderick The Royal Mint at Tower Hill. Coin News March 2015, p. 47-50 Feaveryear, Sir A. A Pound Sterling. 2nd edition. Oxford, 1963 Grueber, H.A. Handbook of the Coins of Great Britain and Ireland in the British Museum. London, 1989 Hawkins, E. The Silver Coins of England. 3rd edition. London, 1887 Hocking, W.J. Catalogue of the Coins, Tokens, Medals, Dies and Seals in the Museum of the Royal Mint, 2 vols. London, 1966 Hsun, L. Ming The Great Re-coinage of 1696-1699. London, 1966 Kelly, E.M. Spanish Dollars and Silver Tokens Spink & Son Ltd Linecar, H.W.A. The Crown Pieces of Great Britain and the British Commonwealth. London, 1962 Linecar, H.W.A. & Stone A.G. (L&S) English Proof and Pattern Crown-size Pieces 1658-1960. Spink & Son Ltd., 1968 Nathanson, Alan. J. Thomas Simon his life and work 1618-1665 Oman, Sir Charles The Coinage of England. Oxford, 1931 Phillips, M. The Token Money of the Bank of England. London, 1900 Rayner, P. Alan The Designers and Engravers of the English Milled Coinage. London, 1954 Robinson, Brian Silver Pennies & Linen Towels – Story of the Royal Maundy Spink, London, 1992 (Note; B.R for Maundy varieties) 655

A SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY Royal Mint.

Annual Report of the Deputy Master and Controller. London, 1870-1977 etc. Ruding, The Rev. Rogers. Annals of the Coinage of Great Britain and its Dependences. 3rd edition (3 vols.) London, 1840 The N.C Various papers in The Numismatic Chronicle (Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society) Seaby, Peter. The Story of the English Coinage. London. Revised ed. 1990 Spink & Son Standard Catalogue of British Coins. Issued annually Spink & Son Catalogue of a collection of Milled English Coins, including Patterns and Proofs, formed by H. Montagu. London, 1891 Spink & Son Spink’s Numismatic Circular. Spink & Son The Milled Coinage of England,1662-1946 (gold & silver) Robert Stockwell Ltd., London, S.E.1, 1950 Stride, H.G. The Royal Mint: its evolution and development. In Seaby’s Coin and Medal Bulletin, 1954-60

656

PROOF SETS & SINGLE COINS № of coins in set

Year

Denominations in set

1746

Crown, Halfcrown, Shilling & Sixpence

4

1879

Halfcrown, Florin, Shilling, Sip pence, Maundy set, Halfpenny & Farthing “New issue” Five Pounds to Farthing in a contemporary maroon rectangular fitted original case Presentation Set in embossed case Gold Five Pounds to Farthing

10

1826 1831 1831 1839 1853 1853 1853

1879 1887 1887 1887 1893 1893 1893 1902 1911 1911 1927

“Coronation” Two Pounds to Farthing “Young Head” Una and the Lion Five Pounds and Sovereign to Farthing Presentation Set in early Spink case Gold Five Pounds to Farthing Sovereign to Farthing including Gothic type Crown Sovereign, Half-Sovereign, Crown, Halfcrown, Florin, Shilling, Sixpence, Groat, Penny, Halfpenny, Farthing and Half-Farthing 2/6, 2/-, 1/-, 6d, Maundy, ½d & ¼d, all with plain edges Jubilee bust for Golden Jubilee Five Pounds to Threepence Presentation Set in original case Gold Five Pounds to Sixpence Silver Crown to Threepence Presentation Set in original case Gold Five Pounds to Threepence Old bust, Five Pounds to Threepence Silver Crown to Threepence “Coronation”. Five Pounds to Maundy Penny. Struck with a Matt finish “Coronation”. Five Pounds to Maundy Penny. Silver Halfcrown to Maundy Penny. “New Coinage” Wreath type Crown to Threepence 657

Provenance Baldwin’s Fixed Price List Summer 2012, PF001 Spk107, 440 Rasmussen 6/360

11

Baldwin’s Fixed Price List Summer 2009,BM024

14

Baldwin’s Fixed Price List Summer 2009,BM025 & Spk 72, 144

14 16

Spk 72, 156

16 12

Norweb 1072

10

Spk 107, 440

11 10

Spk 72, 227

7 10

Spk 72, 233

10 13 12 8 6

Spk 115, 2145

PROOF SETS & SINGLE COINS Year 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935 1936 1937

1937 1937 1937

1938 1938 1939 1939 1940 1940 1941 1942

Denominations in set

№ of coins in set

Provenance Norweb 297

Sand blasted set comprising Crown, Halfcrown, Florin, Shilling, Sixpence and Threepence V.I.P. Halfcrown to Threepence

6

Halfcrown to Threepence Halfcrown to Farthing V.I.P. Shillings to Farthing Crown to Threepence Crown to Farthing (cased) Halfcrown to Threepence Edward VIII, A full set of 13 coins in original case, Five Pound Piece down to Farthing sold to a private buyer in 2010 for £1·35 million. See Mark Rasmussen list 19, 2010, illustrated on back cover. “Coronation”. Crown to Farthing, including Maundy Set “Coronation”. Gold Five-pounds to Farthing, including Maundy Set Sand blasted set comprising Crown, Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, silver Threepence, Maundy set, brass Threepence, Penny, Halfpenny and Farthing Halfcrown to Farthing Halfcrown to Threepence Halfcrown to Farthing Halfcrown to Threepence Halfcrown to Threepence Halfcrown to Halfpenny Halfcrown to Threepence Halfcrown to Threepence 658

5 8 6 6 9 5 13

Spk 69, 402

15

Spk 107, 457

18

Spk 115, 2147

15

Norweb 729

10 6 10 6 6 8 6 6

Norweb 1157

Spk 115, 2146

Norweb 1131 SJA13, 822 Spk 67, 296 Spk 64, 383 Spk 69, 403

Spk 69, 405 Norweb 1158 Spk 69, 406 Spk 69, 407 Norweb 1898 Norweb 1899 Spk 69, 409

PROOF SETS & SINGLE COINS Year

Denominations in set

№ of coins in set

1943 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1947 1948 1949 1949 1949

Halfcrown to Threepence Specimen set Halfcrown to Threepence

6 6

Spk 69, 410

V.I.P. Halfcrown to Sixpence Halfcrown to Sixpence Halfcrown to Sixpence Halfcrown to Sixpence Halfcrown to Farthing V.I.P. Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, V.I.P. Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, brass Threepence, Halfpenny & Farthing “Mid Century”, Halfcrown to Farthing Sand blasted “Mid Century” Halfcrown to Farthing “Festival of Britain”, Crown to Farthing Halfcrown to Sixpence “Coronation”, Crown to Farthing Sand blasted set comprising Crown, Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, brass Threepence, Penny, Halfpenny and Farthing Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, brass Threepence, Penny, Halfpenny and Farthing V.I.P. Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, brass Threepence, Halfpenny and Farthing Halfcrown to Farthing Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, brass Threepence, Penny, Halfpenny and Farthing V.I.P. Halfcrown to Farthing Halfcrown to Farthing Halfcrown to Halfpenny

5 5 5 5 9 5

Spk 115, 2148

8

Spk 115, 2149

9 9

(Commonly found)

10 5 10 10

(Commonly found)

1949 1950 1950 1951 1952 1953 1953

1954 1954 1954 1955 1956 1956 1957

659

Provenance

Spk 89, 311

Norweb 1159 Spk 69, 412 Spk 69, 412 Norweb 1160 Baldwin’s F.P.L. Sum’14 BM162,166,185,186,204

Norweb 1161

Spk 69, 414 (Commonly found) Norweb 744 Baldwin 68, lots 3711-20

8

Spk 107, 460

8

Spk 115, 2150

8 10

Norweb 1913

8 8 7

Norweb 746

SNC. 2003 MS5784 Norweb 1165 Norweb 1166

PROOF SETS & SINGLE COINS 1958 1958

1959 1960 1961 1961 1970

V.I.P. Halfcrown to Sixpence Gold Sovereign, silver Halfcrown, Florin, Shillings (E&S), Sixpence, bronze Halfpenny and twelve-sided nickel brass Threepence

4 8

SNC. 2003 MS5784

Halfcrown to Penny Pattern Decimal set, Fifty Cents-One Cent “Last Sterling” set. Halfcrown to Halfpenny plus medallion

7 6 8

Norweb 1167

Norweb 1162

Norweb 1168 (Commonly found)

SINGLE PROOF COINS - 1902-1970 P = Proof; M = Matt, S = Specimen, V = V.I.P.1 Date

5/-

2/6

2/-

1/-

E 1/-

S 1/-

6d

1902 1908 1911 1920 1924 1925 1926

M

M

M

M

M

P M

P M M

P

P

M P Ni

M P Ni

P

P

P PNi

P

PV

3d

silver

3d

brass

1d

½d

¼d

P P V

P V

M

P 1927

M P Ni P P

M 1928 1929

V P V

P P

1930

P

P

P

P

P

P V P V P

P V P V P

P

P

P

P

P

P

1931

P

P

1932

P V P V

P

P

P

P

1933

P

660

P V P V P V P P V P

P V P V P P V P P

PROOF SETS & SINGLE COINS Date

5/-

2/6

1934

P

P

1935

P S P

P

1936 Ed. 8 1937

P

P V P

2/-

P V P V P M

G. VI

1937

E 1/-

S 1/-

P V V

M

M

3d

silver

P

P V P

Ni

M

3d

brass

P P V P V

V P V P

M

M

1d

½d

¼d

P V

P V

P

V P

V P

V P

P M P

P

P V M

6d

M

M

uniface

1938

P

P

1939

P V P

P V P

1940 1941 1942 1943

P P M P S V M

P V P V

P V P V V

P

V P V P

V P

P S

P S

P S

M

M

M

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

PS V

P S M P

1944

P P

P

P

P

M 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949

P P V P

P V P

P V

P V

P V P V P V P V

P P V P V P V 661

P V P P V

P V P P

P

P

P

P V

P

PROOF SETS & SINGLE COINS Date 1950 1951

5/-

P V

1952 1953

P V M

2/6

2/-

E 1/-

S 1/-

6d

P P

P P

P P

P P

P

P

P

P

P V

P

P V M P V P M P V P V P V

P V M P V P M P V V

P V P

1954 1955

P V P

1956 1957

P V

1958

M P V P P V P V P

P V

3d

1d

½d

¼d

P P

P P

P P

P P

P P

P V

P V P

P

P

P

P

P V P

M P

M P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P V P

P V

P V

P V P V P V

P

P V P

P V P P P

1959 1960 V 1961

P

1962

P V P

1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1970 1

P

P V

V P V

brass

P P

P V P

P

P

P

P

P P

P Churchill S P

3d

silver

P

P

P

P

P

Some Proofs may be wrongly described as V.I.P. in catalogues

662