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MARONITES IN HISTORY
MARONITES IN HISTORY
GORGIAS P R E S S 2005
First Gorgias Press Edition, 2005. The special contents of this edition are copyright €> 2005 by Gorgias Press LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States of America by Gorgias Press LLC, New Jersey. This edition is a facsimile reprint of the original edition published by Syracuse University Press, New York, 1986.
ÖP GORGIAS PRESS
46 Orris Ave., Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA www.gorgiaspress.com
Printed and bound in the United States of America.
To the memory of my beloved Father ISHAQ M O O S A (d.
A token of filial love
is Professor of History at Gannon University, author of The Origins of Modern Arabic Fiction, and editor of The Wives of the Prophets. MATTI MOOSA
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10 11 12
Preface Introduction Origin of the Term Maronite The Identity of the Ascetic Marun The Monastery of Marun Earliest Sources on the Monastery of Marun Maronite Claims and Sixth-Century Epistolary Documents The Council of Constantinople of A.D. 536 and the Letter of the Monks of Syria Secunda to Pope Hormisda The Maronites and Saint Simon the Stylite Peter the Fuller and the Trisagion Dispute Signatories to the Letter of the Monks to Pope Hormisda and Related Documents from the Council The Maronites and the Letters of the Monks from Syria Secunda Were the Monks of the Monastery of Marun Chalcedonians? Heraclius and the Monothelitic Formula of Faith
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54 64 69
74 81 87 95
The Malkites, the Maronites, and the Sixth Council
Establishment of the Maronites as a Separate Church
Who is John Marun?
John Marun: Was He a Patriarch of Antioch?
John Marun's Writings
Was John Marun a Canonized Saint?
The Relation of the Maronites to the Mardaites and the Jarajima The Maronites and Monothelitism The Relation of the Maronites to the Church of Rome The Mission of Fra Gryphon and Other Franciscans to the Maronites
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174 195 217 233
The Mission of Giovanni Battista Eliano to the Maronites
The Mission of Jerome Dandini to the Maronites
The Latinization of the Maronite Church The Maronites in Modern Times Notes Bibliography Index
267 279 305 363 381