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Preparing Students for

Grade

Standardized Testing 7 By Janet P. Sitter, Ph.D.

copyright © 2004 Mark Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58037-851-2 Printing No. 1629-EB Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers Distributed by Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc.

The purchase of this book entitles the buyer to reproduce the student pages for classroom use only. Other permissions may be obtained by writing Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers.

All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Table of Contents

Table of Contents Introduction............................................................................................................................... iv Content Area Skills.................................................................................................................... v The Language of Tests............................................................................................................viii Overview of Testing Tips............................................................................................................ x Filling Out the Answer Sheet.................................................................................................... xi Test Lessons: Unit One: Reading: Helpful Reading Strategies................................................................... 1 Lesson One: Vocabulary: synonyms, antonyms, analogies, word meanings, words in context, literary terms, multiple meanings...................................................................... 2 Lesson Two: Word Analysis: homophones, prefixes, suffixes, root words, word origins.................................................................................................................. 10 Lesson Three: Comprehension: main idea/supporting details, inferring relationships: cause/effect, sequencing; literary terms, predicting outcomes............... 18 Unit Two: Language: Helpful Language Strategies............................................................ 31 Lesson One: Mechanics: punctuation, capitalization, spelling, usage............................. 32 Lesson Two: Expression: topic sentences/supporting sentences, subject/predicate, direct objects, prepositional phrases, combining sentences, pronoun referents, paragraphs.................................................................................................................... 38 Lesson Three: Information Skills: reference materials, acronyms, computers, directions, maps, newspaper classifieds, telephone books, diagrams.......................... 45 Unit Three: Mathematics: Helpful Math Strategies............................................................. 55 Lesson One: Concepts: number and operations, algebra, geometry, statistics and probablility, graphs, calculators, coordinates......................................................... 56 Lesson Two: Computation: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division of whole numbers, decimals, and fractions; percents, estimation, measurement, sequences, probability..................................................................................................................... 61 Lesson Three: Problem Solving and Reasoning: problem solving, patterns and relationships.................................................................................................................. 67

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

ii

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Table of Contents

Table of Contents (cont.) Unit Four: Science: Helpful Science Strategies.................................................................. 71 Lesson One: Process and Inquiry: scientific process, interpret data, draw conclusions, predict events................................................................................................................ 72 Lesson Two: Concepts: animals, weather, health and nutrition, Earth, magnetism, matter, geology, oceans................................................................................................ 78 Unit Five: Social Studies: Helpful Social Studies Strategies............................................ 85 Lesson One: History and Culture: customs, norms, and social institutions; major eras and events in history; people, places, and organizations in history; presidents............ 86 Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics: important documents, branches of government, levels of government, immigration, citizenship, famous Americans, government officials, agencies, and institutions, economics........................................ 93 Lesson Three: Geography: maps, globes, charts, graphs, diagrams, time zones, geographical features and terms, world landmarks...................................................... 98 Practice Answer Sheets........................................................................................................ 107 Answer Keys.......................................................................................................................... 112

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

iii

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Introduction

Introduction Standardized tests are designed to measure how well a student has learned the basic knowledge and skills that are taught in elementary and middle schools. They generally cover the content areas of reading, vocabulary, language, spelling, math, science, and social studies. The most recent standardized tests also focus on the student’s ability to think critically. It would be unrealistic, however, to expect that students will know (or have been taught) all of the material on the tests. Some of this material will be new to students, and this may cause anxiety in both students and teachers. The purpose of this book is to help you familiarize your students with the format and language of tests, with important test-taking strategies, and with practice in the content areas of the major standardized tests used nationally. These include:



✏ The California Achievement Tests (CAT/5)



✏ The Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS)



✏ The Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS)



✏ The Stanford Achievement Tests (SAT)



✏ The Metropolitan Achievement Tests (MAT)



✏ The Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) ASS IG

NM

..

9 8 7 6 4 5 3

x

+

ENT

S

-

By spending 20 minutes a day for three weeks prior to the administration of the standardized test for your school district and grade level and using the material in this book, you will not only increase your students’ confidence in their test-taking skills but also help them to successfully demonstrate their knowledge and skills. Preparing Students for Standardized Testing will provide your students with opportunities to take practice tests under similar conditions to those that exist on standardized tests. Teachers should photocopy the practice tests in the book and the practice answer sheets for students to use. This will familiarize students with the process of filling in computer-scored answer sheets. In order to better prepare your students for standardized testing, it may be beneficial to set a time limit you think is appropriate for the average student in your class. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

iv

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Content Area Skills

Content Area Skills Reading Word Analysis: ✔ Identify prefixes, suffixes, root words ✔ Recognize figurative language ✔ Demonstrate knowledge of structural relationships in letters, words, signs Vocabulary: ✔ Identify synonyms, antonyms, homophones, palindromes ✔ Recognize word origins and words in context ✔ Demonstrate knowledge of multiple meanings of words Comprehension: ✔ Identify main idea and supporting details ✔ Recognize theme, story elements, and author’s purpose ✔ Demonstrate literal/interpretive understanding ✔ Distinguish cause/effect, reality/fantasy ✔ Demonstrate critical understanding by drawing conclusions, making predictions, and extending meaning to other contexts Language Mechanics: ✔ Identify the appropriate use of capitalization, punctuation, and parts of speech in text ✔ Recognize correct spelling in text ✔ Identify misspelled words in text Expression: ✔ Identify topic, concluding, and supporting sentences in text ✔ Determine correct usage, sequence of ideas, and relevance of information ✔ Recognize connective/transitional words, phrases, and sentences ✔ Identify and correct errors in existing text and in text written by student Information Skills: ✔ Identify parts of a book ✔ Recognize and use dictionary and other reference materials ✔ Demonstrate ability to understand and interpret maps, charts, and diagrams

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Content Area Skills

Content Area Skills (cont.) Mathematics Concepts: ✔ Identify, compare, and order numbers and number operations ✔ Recognize and compare equivalent numbers ✔ Interpret and apply numbers in real-world situations ✔ Demonstrate knowledge of estimation, place value, expanded notation, rounding, Roman numerals, time, geometric shapes and planes, rays, angles, parallel, and perpendicular Computation: ✔ Identify the properties and relationships of number and operations ✔ Recognize and extend patterns, transformations, symmetry, and geometric figures ✔ Recognize and solve real-world computation problems ✔ Demonstrate proficiency in computation procedures in addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, decimals, and fractions Problem Solving and Reasoning: ✔ Identify and apply problem-solving strategies to real-world problems ✔ Recognize and interpret data in models, diagrams, pictures, graphs ✔ Use a variety of estimation strategies; determine reasonableness of results ✔ Demonstrate inductive/deductive reasoning and spatial and proportional reasoning to solve real-world problems Science Process and Inquiry: ✔ Identify scientific principles, processes, and inquiry ✔ Interpret and make reasonable interpretations from scientific data ✔ Recognize use of inferences to draw conclusions ✔ Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental concepts of scientific inquiry Concepts: ✔ Identify life cycles of plants and animals; understand the term habitat ✔ Understand water cycle, terms decomposers, fossil fuel, eclipse, buoyancy ✔ Understand societal issues, such as recycling and pollution ✔ Recognize basic principles of Earth (e.g., rocks, minerals, earthquakes, volcanoes) and space (e.g., air, planets, solar systems) ✔ Demonstrate knowledge of basic health and nutrition for the human body

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

vi

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Content Area Skills

Content Area Skills (cont.) Social Studies History and Culture: ✔ Identify famous people, holidays, symbols, customs, norms, and social institutions in the United States and connect historical events to them ✔ Recognize the contributions, influences, and interactions of various cultures ✔ Recognize patterns of similarities in different historical times ✔ Use time lines, product and global maps, and cardinal directions ✔ Demonstrate an historical understanding of time, continuity, and societal change in the United States and the world Civics, Government, and Economics: ✔ Identify government bodies, levels of government, and characteristics of good citizenship ✔ Recognize the roles and responsibilities of government and citizens ✔ Recognize important documents ✔ Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of government ✔ Understand the democratic process ✔ Identify economic principles of supply/demand, consumer/producer, goods/ services, profit/loss ✔ Recognize three roles individuals play: worker, consumer, citizen ✔ Understand economic concepts related to products, jobs, and the environ-ment Geography: ✔ Identify and use geographic terms to describe land forms, bodies of water, weather, and climate ✔ Demonstrate geographic methods to interpret maps, graphs, charts, photographs ✔ Understand global and environmental issues ✔ Locate continents, major countries, resources, and regions

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

vii

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

The Language of Tests

The Language of Tests Here are some of the most frequently used terms in assessment. Accountability: The practice of evaluating teachers and schools based on measurable goals Achievement Test: Tests designed to measure knowledge and skills, usually objective, standardized, and norm-referenced Alternative Assessment: Methods of evaluating student work and progress that are not traditional standardized tests (e.g., portfolios, anecdotal records, teacher observation, interviews, performance, demonstration projects, etc.) Assessment: A systematic method for testing student progress and achievement Authentic Assessment: The tasks and procedures used for assessment are closely related to tasks found in the real-world. Content Validity: The extent to which the content of a test actually measures the knowledge and skills the test claims to measure Criterion-referenced Test: A test that measures a student’s performance to a predetermined measure of success, rather than to a norm group Curricular Validity: The extent to which a test measures what has been taught Diagnostic Test: A test used to assess specific characteristics in order to make instructional decisions Evaluation: The process of making judgments and instructional decisions obtained from a form of assessment Grade Equivalent Score: A measure that compares a student’s raw score on a standardized test to average scores across grade levels Group Test: A test that is administered to more than one student at the same time Individual Test: A test that is administered to only one student at a time Intelligence Test: A test that measures a student’s general mental ability or scholastic aptitude Mean: The average of a set of test scores Median: The middle score of a set of test scores Minimum-competency Test: A test that measures whether a student has attained the minimum level of overall achievement necessary for a particular purpose

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

viii

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

The Language of Tests

The Language of Tests (cont.) Mode: The most frequent score of a group of scores National Standards: A set of standards for an entire country, usually including content standards, performance standards, and school standards Norm Group: The group whose test performance is used to establish levels of performance on a standardized test Norm-referenced Test: Test that measures the student’s score with the average performance of all test takers Objective Test: Test in which each question is stated in such a way that there is only one correct answer Percentage Score: The percentage of correct responses on a test Percentile Score: Proportion of other students’ scores that equal or fall below a given student’s score Population: A complete set of students to which a set of test results will be generalized Portfolio Assessment: Collecting children’s work on an ongoing basis and examining it for evidence of growth Raw Score: The number of correct responses on a test Reliability: The consistency in test results or the degree to which a test’s results actually measure what a student can do Rubric: A scoring guide based on a scale for rating a group of students Standardized Test: A test with specific procedures so that comparable measures may be made by testers in different geographic areas Test Anxiety: Nervous energy felt by test takers; sharpens the mind Test Bias: Tendency for a test to be unfair for students in some groups but not in others Validity: The degree to which a test measures what it is designed to measure Writing Assessment: A test in which students are asked to demonstrate writing abilities by actually writing in response to given prompts Writing Prompt: A question or statement to which the test-taker is asked to respond

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

ix

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Overview of Testing Tips

Overview of Testing Tips

✐ Read (or listen) to directions carefully.



✐ Follow all instructions, including icons.



✐ Read the entire question.



✐ Read all answer choices before picking one.



✐ Budget your time wisely.



✐ Do not spend too much time on any one question.



✐ Use all of the time provided; testing is not the same as a race.



✐ Pay close attention to how the question is written.



✐ Avoid making answer sheet errors.



✐ Skip hard questions, and answer the easy ones first.



✐ Use the process of elimination to find answers.



✐ Use logical reasoning to choose the best answer.



✐ When all else fails, guess.



✐ Answer all test questions.



✐ Think twice before changing an answer.



✐ Control test anxiety.



✐ Stay calm, and focus on the task at hand.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Hi! Whenever you see me, I’ll be giving you some testing tips to help you with your test taking.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Filling Out the Answer Sheet

Filling Out the Answer Sheet The first thing you will do during standardized testing is to correctly fill out your answer sheet. Below is an example of an answer sheet. The circles must be filled in for every box, so for empty boxes, fill in the empty circles. Use a No. 2 pencil, so the computer can score your answer sheet. Fill in your circles completely, and fill in only one for each question. If you erase an answer, be sure that you erase it completely before filling in your new choice. The computer will mark wrong any question that seems to have more than one choice marked. Erase all stray pencil marks on the page. Practice filling out this sample form with your name. Print your name in the boxes at the top. Then darken the circle for that letter in the column under each letter. For blank spaces, darken the blank circles. STUDENT’S NAME

Last

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© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

xi

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Filling Out the Answer Sheet

Filling Out the Answer Sheet (cont.) Practice filling out this sample form with your birth date, gender, and grade. Print your teacher’s name, school name, and district in the boxes at the top. Then darken the circles for your birth date, gender, and grade.

TEACHER

SCHOOL DISTRICT

BIRTH DATE Month

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© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

5

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xii

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Helpful Reading Strategies Test Tips

1. Read all directions carefully. 2. Be sure you understand the directions. 3. Read all answer choices before choosing one. 4. Format changes may not signal a change in directions; don’t be tricked. 5. Look for the key words in the directions. 6. Skip difficult items, and come back to them. 7. Read back over your test to be sure you answered all questions. 8. If you aren’t sure which answer is correct, take your best guess.

Reading Strategies







★ When reading comprehension is tested, the questions are testing your ability to read for details and to find meaning in the text. ★ When you are looking for the main idea of a selection, look at the first sentence, the last sentence, or the title. These usually provide a good clue as to the main idea. ★ When the directions say choose the “most important idea,” or “the main problem,” remember that there is probably more than one right answer. You need to look for the BEST answer. ★ When you are trying to figure out a vocabulary word from context, replace the word with the answer and see if it fits. ★ Watch out for negatives. Some questions say, “which of the following is not true?”. You are looking for the one that is wrong (false). ★ Use context clues to figure out words or ideas you don’t understand. ★ Word-meaning questions test your vocabulary and your ability to figure out unfamiliar words.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Unit One: Reading Lesson One: Vocabulary

Directions: Select the word that means the same or nearly the same as the underlined word.

1. Her bedroom looked like an impending disaster. A. near B. huge C. upsetting D. approaching 2. The airplane veered sharply to the right to avoid hitting the trees. A. deviated B. turned C. swerved D. pitched 3. Her songs convey a sense of sadness. A. carry B. move C. keep D. shift

Read all directions carefully.

4. The teacher said Blanche’s idea was brilliant. A. stupid B. highly intelligent C. glorious D. splendid 5. Gail’s car starts sluggishly on cold winter mornings. A. swiftly B. alertly C. slowly D. energetically

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Vocabulary (cont.) Directions: Choose the synonym for each underlined word. 6. To be stubborn is to be . A. yielding B. determined C. tractable Be sure you D. reasonable understand the directions. 7. To smirk is to . A. frown B. cry C. grin D. stare 8. To be reluctant is to be A. disinclined B. eager C. disposed D. inclined 9. To be acrimonious is to be A. sweet B. pleasant C. bitter D. better

.

.

10. If your interest in something wanes, it A. decreases in intensity B. increases in intensity C. switches to something else D. gets you into trouble

.

11. To be vermin is to be . 12. Ubiquitous means . A. dead A. always being absent B. cute B. being everywhere at once C. full of vitamins C. not showing up on time D. disgusting D. always being right

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Vocabulary (cont.)

Directions: Choose the antonym for each underlined word.

13. If you are not obtuse, then you are A. shrewd B. expert C. authentic D. nimble

.

14. If you are not despondent, then you have A. love B. courage C. hope D. intelligence

When you are trying to figure out a vocabulary word from context, replace the word with the answer choices to see which one fits.

.

15. If you are not antagonistic, then you might be A. adverse B. repugnant C. false D. agreeable

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16. Your classroom may be tumultuous, or it might be A. calm B. loud C. fragrant D. hostile 17. You can either acquiesce to her demands, or you could A. agree with B. go along with C. encourage D. thwart

.

them.

Directions: Choose the word that best completes each analogy. Example: open : (is to) close :: (as) up : (is to) down 18. slowly : gradually :: close : A. near C. B. far D.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

distance here



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Vocabulary (cont.) 19. whale : large :: guppy : A. big C. B. fish D.

small ocean

20. star : constellation :: ship : A. steel C. B. fleet D.

engine train

21. apatosaurus : dinosaur :: Venus : A. rocket C. planetarium B. planet D. sun 22. tired : sleep :: hungry : A. eat C. B. grow D.

learn study

23. one : three :: four : A. eleven C. B. seven D.

six eight

24. he : his :: I : A. she C. B. mine D.

her me

25. car : garage :: refrigerator : A. drink C. B. store D.

eat kitchen

Directions: Choose the answer that best explains what each of these phrases means. 26. “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” A. Apples smell, so the doctor won’t come. B. Apples promote good health. C. Rely on home treatments for illnesses. D. You’ll never catch a cold. 27. “Saved by the bell” A. You are on time. B. You are free to go. C. Sit down and get ready for class. D. Rescued just in time © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Vocabulary (cont.) 28. “Raining cats and dogs” A. To hurt someone’s feelings B. It is raining very hard. C. Raining lightly D. Cats and dogs are falling out of trees.

Word-meaning questions test your vocabulary and your ability to figure out unfamiliar words.

29. “Afraid of one’s own shadow” A. Very easily frightened B. The shadow is chasing one. C. You are so frightened that your shadow disappears. D. A very courageous person 30. “Skating on thin ice” A. Skating where it is very dangerous B. Quit while you are ahead. C. Stop doing what you are doing. D. You are risking disapproval. Directions: Choose the correct literary term for each definition. 31. A story that contains humor and ends happily is a(n) . A. conflicted plot C. essay B. comedy D. tragedy 32. Words that create strong mental pictures A. imagery C. onomatopoeia B. hyperbole D. simile 33. The main idea in a piece of literature A. plot C. point of view B. theme D. characters 34. Alliteration is when A. a word is greatly exaggerated. B. two or more words have the same ending sound. C. a word imitates the sound it represents. D. two or more words have the same beginning sound.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Vocabulary (cont.) 35. The plot is A. the main idea of the story. B. the bad guy in the story. C. the sequence of events in the story. D. the characters in the story.

Directions: Choose the sentence in which the underlined word has the same meaning as in the example sentence.

36. “Please line up single file,” our teacher said. A. The nine judges, dressed in black robes, filed in. B. The prisoner used a file to cut the metal bars of his cell. C. The cook has a large file of recipes. D. I filed all the messages that were on his desk. 37. This bonus means that we can take a trip to California. A. The telephone is a means of communication. B. That symbol means “no smoking.” C. My brother Glenn is very mean about money. D. The neighbors are living beyond their means. 38. The crowd pressed me into a corner of the elevator. A. He runs a press at the paper. B. The pressed grapes made good juice. C. Celine pressed the doorbell so hard that it broke. D. He pressed his horse to run faster. 39. Thousands of teenagers jammed into the Coliseum. A. I jammed my finger in the car door. B. The musicians jammed for a while after the concert. C. The kids jammed the dance floor when the band began to play. D. Doug is in a jam because he didn’t study for the test. 40. I admit it; I ate the last bit of pie. A. Did you like that comedy bit? B. Bobby picked up a bit of string from the floor. C. The horse did not like the bit in its mouth. D. She was a bit sleepy.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Vocabulary (cont.)

Directions: Choose the correct word to fill in the blank.

41. Sally was under the that she had won the contest. A. allusion C. delusion B. illusion D. institution

If you aren’t sure which answer is correct, take your best guess.

42. Their was slow and careful. A. descent C. dissent B. decent D. dissident 43. Shirley is a(n) young woman. A. adventuresome C. venturous B. adventurous D. venturesome 44. Mr. Martin made a(n) lapse in judgment. A. egregious C. exceptional B. outstanding D. tragic 45. the size of golf balls fell on our new car. A. Hill C. Hail B. Hale D. Hayle 46. Dustin was when Darlene took his toy. A. indigenous C. indigent B. indignant D. indignity 47. Amanda looked clean for a change. A. respectably C. respectfully B. respectively D. respectability 48. All our efforts to bring the author to our school were A. repulsed C. repelled B. rebuffed D. recoiled 49. pants were hanging on the backs of the chairs. A. There C. They’re B. They are D. Their 50. Clydesdales are a breed of horse. A. hardy C. heady D. handy D. hardly © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Vocabulary (cont.)

Directions: Choose the word that could take the place of the underlined word in each sentence.

51. Barbara’s toddler was a real nuisance at the play. A. cutey C. naughty B. annoyance D. offensive 52. The factitious laughter for the sitcom was so annoying. A. playful C. artificial B. amusing D. snide

Read back over your test to be sure you answered all of the questions.

53. If you would only call when you are late, it would mitigate his worry. A. delay C. lessen B. increase D. expand 54. Vultures are rapacious eaters. A. voracious C. B. disgusting D.

rowdy selfish

55. Her daughter’s temerity with animals worries my friend. A. kindness C. gentleness B. boldness D. aggression

Review

1. Read all directions carefully. 2. Be sure you understand all directions. 3. When you are trying to figure out a vocabulary word from context, replace the word with the answer choices to see which one fits. 4. Word-meaning questions test your vocabulary and your ability to figure out unfamiliar words. 5. If you aren’t sure which answer is correct, take your best guess. 6. Read back over your test to be sure you answered all of the questions.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers



Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Unit One: Reading Lesson Two: Word Analysis Directions: Choose the word that best completes the sentence. My mom

1

a lemon cake out of

2

1. A. B.

maid C. made D.

flower flour

2. A. B.

maid C. made D.

flower flour

Marco smacked a kid and was

3

for my birthday. Word-meaning questions test your ability to analyze and figure out new words.

to the office of the

3. A. B.

scent C. sent D.

principal principle

4. A. B.

scent C. sent D.

principal principle

The

5

ate a

6

at the

7

5. A. B.

bare C. pair D.

bear pear



6. A. B.

bare C. pair D.

bear pear



7. A. B.

pair C. fair D.

pare fare

The

8

festival for the high school choral C. coral D.

chorale corral

9. A. B.

choral C. coral D.

chorale corral

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

.

.

8. A. B.



4

9

was held at a very

10

10

11

.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Word Analysis (cont.) 10. A. B.

cheap C. cheep D.

cite site

11. A. B.

cheap C. cheep D.

cite site

Directions: Choose the correct suffix to make a new word. 12. soft A. - ability C. B. - ness D.

- ibility - ily

13. flex A. - ability C. B. - ness D.

- ibility -y

14. attend A. - ness C. B. - y D.

- ance - ion

15. locate A. - ness C. B. - y D.

- ance - ion

16. correspond A. - ence C. B. - ance D.

- ness - ion



Directions: Choose the correct base that when added to the prefix produces a word with the meaning given. 17. re- (again; back) A. - sparing C. B. - pone D.

- reasonable - view

18. un- (the opposite of) A. - vent C. B. - pone D.

- reasonable - view

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

11

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Word Analysis (cont.) 19. ex- (out of) A. - plode C. B. - toxic D.

- done - vent

20. over- (beyond) A. - honest C. B. - violence D.

- done - scription

21. dis- (the opposite of) A. - honest C. B. - violence D.

- done - scription

Directions: Choose the word that names a group or collection of people, animals, or things. 22. A group of trees is a A. troop. C. B. field. D.

grove. galaxy.

23. A group of experts is a A. pack. C. B. panel. D.

hive. gang.

24. A group of teachers is a A. faculty. C. B. staff. D.

grove. gaggle.

25. A group of ships is a A. clump. C. B. deck. D.

gaggle. flotilla.

Read all answer choices before choosing one.

Directions: Choose the correct word for each definition. 26. Which of these is the study of people and 27. Which is a person who studies earthculture? quakes? A. anthropology A. ecologist B. biology B. epistemologist C. zoology C. seismologist D. genealogy D. theologist © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

12

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Word Analysis (cont.) 28. Which is the fear of blood? A. acrophobia C. B. hemophobia D.

phonophobia ophidiophodia

29. Which is the fear of water? A. chromophobia C. B. hydrophobia D.

claustrophobia ideophobia

30. Which word means the killing of plants? A. bactericide C. herbicide B. fratricide D. genocide 31. Which word means the killing of insects? A. genocide C. homicide B. infanticide D. insecticide 32. Which word means the study of God? A. sociology C. psychology B. theology D. physiology Directions: Choose the word that will make each of the beginnings a compound word. 33. row , steam , tug A. light C. down B. boat D. line 34. gun , hot , pot A. man C. B. eye D.

If you aren’t sure which answer is correct, take your best guess.

ball shot

35. farm , bird , green A. yard C. bath B. house D. light 36. bed , life , spring A. time C. like B. light D. room 37. ball , bed , mush A. time C. room B. game D. spread © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

13

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Word Analysis (cont.) Directions: Choose the beginning that will make each word a compound word. 38. A. B.

side, line, out C. on D.

field cross head

39. A. B.

man, ball, ice C. snow D.

plow gentle foot

40. A. B.

line, cut, net stop C. hair buzz D. black

41. A. B.

sick, made, air C. man D.

work piece home

42. A. B.

light, ache, sun C. tooth D.

quarters head horse



Directions: Choose the correct word to make a compound word with both the beginning and the ending words.

43. gentle , hole 46. sweet , ache A. man C. paper A. shirt C. shield B. book D. fish B. heart D. stomach 44. sun , town 47. wrist , tower A. down C. light A. high C. trap B. flower D. shine B. watch D. ache 45. turtle , lace A. mill C. neck B. pipe D. shine

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

14

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Word Analysis (cont.) Directions: Choose the word in each group that does not belong. 48. A. B.

agitated C. aggravated D.

amused aggressive

49. A. B.

giving C. selfish D.

generous helpful

50. A. B.

virus C. password D.

screensaver thermometer

51. A. B.

small C. petite D.

lanky tiny

52. A. B.

father C. caution D.

curve exit



Directions: Choose the English translation of the well-known words or phrases underlined in each sentence.

53. For dessert last night, I had apple pie a la mode. A. individual order B. served with ice cream C. in a large group D. to the point of disgust 54. After his behavior at the last party, Harry is a persona non grata. A. person not accepted B. disgusting person C. person with a good appetite D. person well-informed 55. Before dinner, we had the most delicious hors d’oeuvres. A. soup B. appetizers C. salad D. dessert

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

15

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Word Analysis (cont.) 56. “Mazel tov!” the people shouted at the bride and groom. A. time flies B. good luck C. please Use context clues D. good journey to figure out words or ideas you don’t understand.

57. May I have another tortilla, por favor? A. father B. by the way C. thank you D. please

58. During the second hour of our search, Fotina yelled, “Eureka!” A. I give up B. I’m so tired C. I’ve found it D. Thank goodness Directions: Choose the roots from which each of these words were made. 59. thermometer A. ther C. B. mom D. 60. orthodontist A. or C. B. ortho D. 61. radiation A. radi C. B. radia D. 62. photosynthesis A. pho C. B. photo D. 63. dysfunctional A. funct C. B. function D.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

meter er dontist thod tion rad synthesis thesis functional dys

16

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Word Analysis (cont.) 64. trigonometry A. trig C. gon B. gonom D. metry 65. incandescent A. in C. candes B. cand D. scent

Read back over your test to make sure you answered all of the questions.

Review

1. Word-meaning questions test your ability to analyze and figure out new words.



2. Read ALL answer choices before choosing one.



3. If you aren’t sure which answer is correct, take your best guess.



4. Use context clues to figure out words or ideas you don’t understand.



5. Read back over your test to make sure you answered all of the questions.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

17

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

UNIT ONE: READING Lesson Three: Comprehension Directions: Read the title of each television show. Then choose what type of show it is. 1. “Law and Order” 4. “NFL Quarterback Challenge” A. sports A. sports B. drama B. drama C. game show C. reality D. reality D. nature 2. “American Idol” 5. “The Great Outdoors” A. sports A. sports B. drama B. drama C. reality C. reality D. nature D. nature 3. “Murder, She Wrote” 6. “Prehistoric America” A. sports A. sports B. history B. nature C. mystery C. history D. reality D. mystery Directions: Read the television schedule in Figure 1, and then answer the questions. 6:00 PM 2

FOX

4

CBS

5

NBC

24

B R O A D C A S T

6:30

MAX SHO

7:30

8:00 PM

8:30

Seinfeld: The Ticket (cc)

American Juniors: Eight finalists com- Keen Eddie: Black Like Me. Eddie pete for a spot in the new music group. uncovers a bizarre love triangle. (N) (cc) (N) (cc)

News (cc)

Entertainment Tonight (N) (cc)

Big Brother 4: Strangers coexist in an isolated house for a chance at $500,000. (N) (cc)

News (cc)

Wheel of Fortune: Dog Eat Dog: Contestants must From San Diego. memorize a light sequence. (N) (cc) (cc)

Cosby

Times

MOHAWK (’56) ★★

Simpsons (cc)

Simpsons (cc)

8 Simple Rules for Dating My Daughter (cc)

30 ABC

ENC

7:00 PM

News (cc)

< Nothing But Trouble (cc)

9:00 PM

10:00 PM Seinfeld: Kramer gets a pet. (cc)

10:30 3rd Rock From the Sun (cc)

The Guardian: Where You Are. Nick uses Judging Amy: Sixteen Going on News (cc) a minor to test a new product. (cc) Seventeen. Parents battle for custody of a pop star. (cc)

>Late Show With David Letterman: Kristin Davis (N)

Last Comic Standing: The six remaining comics maneuver to remain in the house. (N) (cc)

>The Tonight Show With Jay Leno: Denis Leary (N)

Dateline NBC (cc)

L. Rice Life With Bonnie: Deuce Is Wild. (cc)

9:30

News (cc)

According to Jim: Birthday Boys. (cc)

COUSINS (’89) ★★★ (Ted Danson) (cc) 113 m. (PG-13)

Less Than Perfect: Breaking Up. (cc)

News (cc)

VENGEANCE VALLEY

NYPD Blue: Laughlin All the Way to Weakest Link (cc) the Clink: A wealthy gay man is found shot in the head. (cc)

Nightline (10:35) (cc)

THE STING (’73) ★★★★ (Paul Newman) (cc) 129 m. (PG)

P R < MOVIE (cc) THE LAST CASTLE (6:45) (’01) ★★ (Robert Redford) (cc) 131 m. (R) TRAINING DAY (’01) ★★★ (Denzel Washington) (cc) 120 m. (R) E M ★★ Dead Like Me UNFORGETTABLE (’96) ★ (Ray Liotta) (cc) 116 m. (R) I < WILD IRIS (cc) ORANGE COUNTY (’02) (cc) 81 m. (PG-13) U M THE SCORPION KING (6:20) (’02) ★★ (The Rock) (cc) 91 m. (PG-13) ULTIMATE X: THE MOVIE (cc) >THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE FELLOWSHIP OF THE RING (’01) ★★★ (Elijah Wood) (cc) 208 m. (PG-13)

STARZ

Figure 1 © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

18

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) 7. What is on ShowTime at 8:00 p.m.? A. Orange County B. The Last Castle C. The Scorpion King D. Unforgettable 8. On what channel can you watch “The Simpsons”? A. ABC B. NBC C. CBS D. FOX

Comprehension tests measure how well you are able to get meaning from the readings.

9. Which of these movies received a four star rating? A. Mohawk B. Cousins C. The Sting D. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring 10. Which one of these people stars in the movie on MAX at 9:00? A. Ted Danson B. Paul Newman C. Robert Redford D. Denzel Washington Directions: Read the passage carefully, and then answer the questions.

Fireworks Fireworks are devices that produce spectacular displays of lights, colors, smoke, and noise. They are launched into the air by rockets and explode because of gunpowder—a black powder produced from charcoal (charred wood), sulfur, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate). The brilliant colors of fireworks are created by different combinations of burning chemicals. Fireworks manufacturers use a combination of potassium chlorate and various metallic salts to make the brilliant colors. When strontium is added, the flames burn red; copper makes blue; barium glows green; and sodium, yellow. Magnesium, aluminum, and titanium make white. Blue and violet are the most difficult colors to create, and a manufacturer’s skill is often measured by how well its blues and violets turn out.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

19

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) Fireworks come in various configurations. Willows are long, colorful “branches” that stream down toward the ground. Palm trees are willows that leave a brightly colored trail from the ground as they are shot into the air. Chrysanthemums explode into perfect circles, and split comets explode into starlets, which explode into more starlets, which explode again into even more starlets. Salutes produce a bright white flash followed by a big boom, and triple-break salutes explode three times in rapid succession. 11. What is the main idea of the first paragraph? A. There are many different kinds of fireworks. B. Fireworks produce light, color, smoke, and noise. C. Fireworks come in many colors. D. Fireworks were discovered in China. 12. What is the main idea of the third paragraph? A. There are many different kinds of fireworks. B. Fireworks produce light, color, smoke, and noise. C. Fireworks come in many colors. D. Fireworks were discovered in China. 13. What is another name for saltpeter (sentence 2)? A. sodium B. potassium nitrate C. sulfur D. titanium

When you are looking for the main idea of a selection, look at the first sentence, the last sentence, or the title. These usually provide clues as to the main idea.

14. How are the colors of fireworks created? A. by adding dye to the mixture B. by adding salt to the black powder C. by using different combinations of chemicals D. by changing the color of the gunpowder that burns 15. Which colors are the most difficult to make? A. red and green B. white and yellow C. blue and violet D. orange and brown

16. What is the name for fireworks that explode into perfect circles? A. Willows B. Palm Trees C. Split Comets D. Chrysanthemums © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

20

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) Directions: Read the passage carefully, and then answer the questions. The birthplace of fireworks is generally recognized as China. Legend has it that a cook in ancient China found (accidentally) that a mixture of sulfur, saltpeter, and charcoal was very flammable and would explode if enclosed in a small space. The cook, you see, was preparing potassium nitrate (used as a preservative) over a charcoal fire laced with sulfur. Somehow the three chemicals combined and caused a huge explosion! Voilà! The meal was destroyed, but gunpowder was discovered! As this “black powder” was perfected, the Chinese found that it could be used as rocket fuel, though the first application of this technology was for entertainment. Hollowed-out bamboo stalks were stuffed with black powder. These “arrows of flying fire” were shot into the air during religious occasions and holidays to ward off imaginary dragons. The knowledge of making fireworks spread west through Arabia. The Arabs called the rockets “Chinese arrows.” The first record of them in Europe is around 1258, about the time the gun was invented. The Europeans applied their new knowledge to both the making of gunpowder and fireworks. Fireworks were used for entertainment in European resorts, public gardens, and other places where crowds gathered. In the mid-eighteenth century, fireworks were introduced in the United States where they became widely popular. However, injuries from fireworks, especially to children, eventually curtailed their unrestricted use in the United States. Most countries manufacture fireworks, but the Chinese are still the leaders in the manufacture and production of fireworks. 17. Which of these would make a good title for this passage? A. Chinese Fireworks B. A Rocket Show C. Fireworks Regulations D. The History of Fireworks 18. Where were fireworks “discovered”? A. China B. Europe C. Arabia D. United States

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

21

When you are looking for details in a passage, quickly scan the passage for the information you need.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) 19. What was produced when the three chemicals were combined? A. saltpeter B. a mess C. gunpowder D. firecrackers 20. How were fireworks first used? A. as entertainment B. as fuel for rockets C. as gunpowder for rifles D. as a sacrifice to the gods 21. What were the “hollowed-out bamboo stalks stuffed with black powder” called? A. dragons of colorful fire B. arrows of flying fire C. Chinese dragon rockets D. Chinese arrows 22. In paragraph 3, sentence 3, to what does the pronoun them refer? A. guns B. Arabs C. fireworks D. dragons 23. In paragraph 4, sentence 3, what does the word curtailed mean? A. stopped B. reduced C. contained D. established

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

22

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) Directions: Read the passage carefully, and then answer the questions.

Fireworks Safety

According to fireworks industry estimates, as many people have been killed by Fourth of July fireworks as were killed in the Revolutionary War. Almost all of the victims were killed setting off their own fireworks and not by watching public fireworks displays. And most of the fatalities occurred before World War II, resulting in the regulation of fireworks in this country. Since the regulation of fireworks by federal and state governments, fireworks injury rates have continually declined. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, fireworks injury rates have declined almost 75% during the past decade. Injuries per 100,000 pounds of fireworks have dropped from 17.8 in 1990 to 4.6 in 2002. Manufacturers’ participation in federal safety regulations, combined with an increase in consumer awareness, are making the use of fireworks safer for viewers and doers.

The National Council on Fireworks Safety suggests the following safety tips:



✔ Always read and follow label directions. ✔ Have an adult present. ✔ Buy from reliable sellers. ✔ Use outdoors only. ✔ Always have water handy. ✔ Never experiment or make your own fireworks. ✔ Light only one firework at a time. ✔ Never relight “dud” fireworks. ✔ Never give fireworks to small children. ✔ If necessary, store fireworks in a cool, dry place. ✔ Dispose of fireworks properly by soaking them in water and then disposing of them in your trash can. ✔ Never throw or point fireworks at other people. ✔ Never carry fireworks in metal or glass containers. ✔ The shooter should always wear eye protection and never have any part of the body over the fireworks. ✔ Stay away from illegal explosives.

24. The main idea of paragraph 1 is that A. public fireworks displays are safer than individual displays. B. fireworks cause serious injuries. C. fireworks can kill people. D. the Fourth of July is a dangerous holiday. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

23

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) 25. What is the main idea of paragraph 2? A. Fireworks injuries are on the rise. B. The regulation of fireworks isn’t working. C. Fireworks injuries are declining. D. Fireworks no longer kill people. 26. What does the word fatalities mean (sentence 3)? A. consumers B. accidents C. injuries D. deaths

To get the main idea, you must interpret the information you get from the passage.

27. How long is a decade (sentence 5)? A. ten years B. a hundred years C. a thousand years D. twenty years 28. Who regulates fireworks? A. federal government B. state government C. both A & B D. neither A nor B 29. What are the causes of the decline in injuries due to fireworks? A. manufacturers’ participation in safety regulations B. better fireworks are being manufactured C. an increase in consumer awareness D. both A and C 30. What should you do with “dud” fireworks? A. throw them in the trash B. soak them in a bucket of water C. try to relight them D. walk away from them 31. Which of these would be an example of an illegal explosive? A. dynamite B. roman candle C. skyrockets D. sparklers

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

24

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) Directions: Read the passage thoughtfully, and then answer the questions.

Fireworks Regulations State laws dictate what type of devices are deemed “fireworks” and need to be regulated. Most “consumer” fireworks such as cone fountains, cylindrical fountains, roman candles, skyrockets, firecrackers, mines and shells, helicoptertype rockets, certain sparklers, and revolving wheels are all regulated by state or federal laws. The map in Figure 2 provides an overview of fireworks regulations by state governments.

http://www.fireworksafety.com/box/ncfsMAP.gif

Figure 2

Although explosive devices like M-80s and M-100s have been banned since 1966, these illegal explosives still account for one-third of all fireworks injuries. 32. Who decides which fireworks will be regulated? A. federal law B. state law C. city law D. Congress 33. Which of these would be a good title for the map in this passage? A. Fireworks Safety B. Types of Fireworks Allowed C. Fireworks Regulations D. State Laws

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

25

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) 34. In which of these states are “novelty” fireworks allowed? A. Michigan B. Alabama C. Ohio D. Massachusetts 35. What accounts for 33% of all fireworks injuries? A. illegal explosive devices B. individual use of fireworks C. unregulated fireworks D. giant public fireworks displays

Sometimes it is more helpful to read the questions first, so you know what your purpose is for reading.

Directions: Read the poem carefully, and then answer the questions.

THE OLD WIFE AND THE GHOST There was an old wife and she lived all alone In a cottage not far from Hitchin: And one bright night, by the full moon light, Comes a ghost right into her kitchen. About that kitchen neat and clean The ghost goes pottering ’round. But the poor old wife is deaf as a boot And so hears never a sound. The ghost blows up the kitchen fire, As bold as bold can be; He helps himself from the larder shelf, But never a sound hears she. He blows on his hands to make them warm, And whistles aloud, “Whee-hee!” But still as a sack the old soul lies And never a sound hears she. From corner to corner he runs about, And into the cupboard he peeps; He rattles the door and bumps on the floor, But still the old wife sleeps. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

26

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) Jangle and bang go the pots and pans, As he throws them all around; And the plates and mugs and dishes and jugs, He flings them all to the ground. Madly the ghost tears up and down And screams like a storm at sea; And at last the old wife stirs in her bed— And it’s “Drat those mice,” says she. Then the first cock crows and morning shows And the troublesome ghost’s away. But ho! What a pickle the poor wife sees When she gets up next day. “Them’s tidy big mice,” the old wife thinks, And off she goes to Hitchin, And a tidy big cat she fetches back. To keep the mice from her kitchen.

—James Reeves

From Sing a Song of Popcorn: Every Child’s Book of Poems 36. Why isn’t the Old Wife afraid of the ghost? A. She’s tougher than the ghost. B. She can’t hear the ghost. C. She can’t see the ghost. D. She believes the ghost is harmless. 37. Which of these came first in the poem? A. The ghost blows up the kitchen fire. B. The ghost rattles the door and bumps on the floor. C. The ghost helps himself from the larder. D. The ghost screams like a storm at sea. 38. How do we know the ghost is male? A. All ghosts are male. B. The ghost looked like a man. C. The poet called it “He” in line 11. D. It’s just a figure of speech.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

27

Sometimes you have to read the passage—or poem—more than once to get the meaning.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) 39. After he rattled the door and bumped on the floor, what did the ghost do? A. He screamed madly. B. He blew on his hands to make them warm. C. He jumped in the Old Wife’s bed. D. He threw the pots and pans and dishes around. 40. In the third stanza is the word larder; what does it mean? A. a place where money and valuables are kept B. a place where food and supplies are kept C. a place where cold drinks are kept D. a place where clothes are kept 41. “deaf as a boot” is an example of A. personification B. a metaphor C. a simile D. abstract language 42. Why did the ghost cause such a ruckus? A. because he was angry with the Old Wife B. because he couldn’t scare the Old Wife C. because creating a fuss was his job D. because he wanted more attention 43. Who might the ghost have been? A. someone who used to live in the house B. someone from the neighborhood C. the dead husband of the Old Wife D. the person who was buried behind the house 44. Which of these phrases from the poem is an example of personification? A. “corner to corner …” B. “madly the ghost …” C. “What a pickle …” D. “morning shows…” 45. What was the Old Wife’s solution to her “problem”? A. She got a dog to keep the ghost away. B. She got a big cat to keep the mice away. C. She got a big broom to keep the people away. D. She got a big pickle to keep the hungry away.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

28

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) Directions: Read the following recipe, and then answer the questions.

Chocolate Dream Cake  c unsweetened cocoa powder  c sugar  c boilng water 1 pkg (16 oz.) angel food

cake mix 1 c water 1 tbsp instant coffee 1 c fat-free milk 1 pkg (1 oz.) whipped topping mix 1 pkg. (1.4 oz.) sugar-free instant chocolate pudding mix

1. Preheat the oven to 350°F. Line a jelly-roll pan with wax paper. Whisk together the cocoa, sugar, and boiling water. cool to lukewarm. 2. Prepare the cake mix per package directions, using the water and adding the cocoa mixture. Spread the batter evenly in the pan. Bake for 20 minutes, or until the top looks dry. Invert onto a large rack. Remove the pan and wax paper, and allow the cake to cool.

3. In a medium bowl, dissolve the coffee in the milk. Add the whipped topping and pudding mixes. With a mixer, beat on low speed until moistened. Beat at high speed until soft peaks form. Chill for 5 minutes. 4. Cut the cake crosswise into thirds. cover each with topping, then stack. Chill for 2 hours. Makes 10 servings

PER SERVING: 249 cal, 2 g fat, 1 mg chol, 2 g fiber, 396 mg sodium

46. How many calories are in one serving of this cake? A. 249 B. 2,049 C. 550 D. none 47. What is the first step in making this cake? A. Whisk together the cocoa, sugar, and water. B. Spread the batter evenly in the pan. C. Preheat the oven to 350°. D. Chill for 2 hours. 48. What is another word for whisk? A. stir B. combine C. thrash D. hold © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

Sequencing is the skill of ordering information chronologically. Pay attention to words like first, then, before, and so on.

49. What ingredient do you add to the cake mix in step 2? A. chocolate pudding mix B. instant coffee C. the cocoa mixture D. fat-free milk

29

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit One: Reading

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Comprehension (cont.) 50. How many people will this cake serve? A. 8 B. 10 C. 12 D. 15

Review

1. Comprehension tests measure how well you are able to get meaning from the reading.



2. When you are looking for the main idea of a selection, look at the first and last sentences and the title. These usually provide clues.



3. When you are looking for details in a passage, quickly scan the passage for the information you need.



4. To get the main idea, you must interpret the information you got from reading.



5. Sometimes it is more helpful to read the questions first, so you know what your purpose is for reading.



6. Sometimes you have to read the passage—or poem—more than once to get the meaning.



7. Sequencing is the skill of ordering information chronologically. Pay attention to words like first, then, before, and so on.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

30

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Helpful Language Strategies Test Tips

1. The most important test tip is to be confident. You are not supposed to know all the answers, just most of them. 2. Read all maps, charts, graphs, and diagrams carefully. 3. Decide what you think the answer is before reading the choices. Then look and see if your answer is there. 4. Read all choices before answering the question. 5. Choose your answers thoughtfully. More than one answer may seem correct. 6. Eliminate those choices you know are wrong or don’t make sense. 7. Don’t look ahead to another question until you finish the one on which you are working. 8. Make sure you fill in the correct answer on your answer sheet. 9. Think twice before you change an answer; it is usually not a good idea to change an answer, as your first guess is usually the correct one. 10. If you have to change an answer, be sure to erase your mistake completely. 11. Remember, all you can do is your personal best!

Language Strategies

★ Language tests usually include questions about spelling, grammar, punctuation, and capitalization. ★ Standard English is the kind of language you read in books and hear on the news. ★ When in doubt, say each answer quietly to yourself. Which one sounds correct? ★ Use context clues to figure out tough questions. ★ The purpose of punctuation is to signal meaning to the reader. ★ If you are not sure of the spelling, try writing the word out on scratch paper. Which word looks right? ★ When sentences are combined, make sure the meaning of the sentence is not changed.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

31

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Unit Two: Language Lesson One: Mechanics Directions: Choose the correct word to complete the sentence. 1. It was who brought the brownies. A. she C. hers B. her D. him 2. Chloe and watched her favorite movie. A. me C. she B. I D. hers 3. Fatima showed the souvenirs from her trip to Italy. A. me C. she B. I D. hers Be confident! You may not know everything, 4. skates look too small for you. but you’ll know most things. A. This C. Them B. That D. Those 5. tiger looks ferocious. A. This C. These B. That D. Those 6. With his leg healed, Jonathan is feeling A. good C. well B. bad D. many

.

7. The of people at the fair was daunting. A. amount C. few B. number D. less 8. The people on this trip, the better. A. less C. fewer B. many D. most 9. Either Mona or Monica A. was C. B. were D.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

captain last year. is are

32

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Mechanics (cont.) 10. Mark and Mindy going to the dance tonight. A. was C. is B. were D. are 11. She cleaned the fish tank A. but C. B. because D.

the teacher asked her. and yet

12. Barry wanted an SUV got a van instead. A. but C. and B. because D. so

When in doubt, say each answer quietly to yourself. Which one sounds correct?

13. Becky nor Rachel went to school yesterday. A. Either C. Both B. Neither D. Although 14. Which line contains a prepositional phrase? A. Someone called you B. but they didn’t leave C. a name or phone number. D. none 15. Which line contains a prepositional phrase? A. Jamal and Michael B. both play outfield C. on our baseball team. D. none Directions: Choose the line containing the error, if there is one. 16. A. B. C. D.

We live thirty miles west of springfield. no errors

17. A. B. C. D.

My birthday is on the last monday in May. no errors

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

Read all answer choices before answering each question.

33

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Mechanics (cont.) 18. A. B. C. D.

My uncle played hockey for the national hockey league. no errors

19. A. In buddhism, people live B. a simple life of C. meditation and good deeds. D. no errors 20. A. Miss Kieva lives at B. 2342 Lovely Lane C. in Odd, west Virginia. D. no errors Directions: Choose the correct punctuation for the end of each sentence. 21. The stapler is on my desk A. (.) Decide what you think B. (?) the answer is before read C. (!) ing the choices. Then look D. none of these to see if your answer is there. 22. Close the door, please A. (.) B. (?) C. (!) D. none of these 23. Wow, you won the art contest A. (.) B. (?) C. (!) D. none of these 24. How do you spell restaurant A. (.) B. (?) C. (!) D. none of these

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Mechanics (cont.)



Directions: Read the paragraph below, paying close attention to capitalization and punctuation. Then choose the answer that is the best way to punctuate the sentence.

1 Three days before ash Wednesday in lent one of the world’s 2 most spectacular carnivals takes place in rio de Janeiro brazil 3 Twelve-year-old janaina is queen of the drummers in the Carnival’s 4 Flamboyant samba school parade fourteen schools each with over 3,000 5 performers, spend the entire year creating elaborate 6 costumes and majestic floats for this magnificent festival. 7 Thousands of people come to watch the colorful procession of 8 performers dancing down one of rios grand avenues 9 to rhythmic brazilian samba music

25. Line 1 A. ash Wednesday, in Lent B. Ash Wednesday in lent C. Ash Wednesday in Lent, D. no error

The purpose of punctuation is to signal meaning to the reader.

26. Line 2 A. Rio de Janeiro Brazil. B. Rio de Janeiro Brazil C. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. D. no error 27. Line 3 A. janaina is Queen of the Drummers B. Janaina is Queen of the Drummers C. Janaina is queen of the drummers D. no error 28. Line 4 A. Flamboyant Samba School Parade B. flamboyant Samba School Parade. C. flamboyant samba school parade. D. no error

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

35

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Mechanics (cont.) 29. Line 4 31. Line 8 A. Parade. Fourteen schools, A. rio’s B. Parade. Fourteen schools B. Rio’s C. parade. Fourteen Schools, C. Rios D. no error D. no error 30. Line 5 32. Line 9 A. Performers A. Brazilian Samba Music. B. Performers, B. Brazilian samba music. C. performers C. Brazilian Samba music. D. no error D. no error Directions: Choose the correctly spelled word in each group. 33. A. B. C. D.

hazzard hazzerd hazard hazzord

34. A. B. C. D.

ackqaintans acquaintance accwaintence acquaintence

35. A. B. C. D.

different difirent difarent diffarent

36. A. B. C. D.

hapon hapin happen happan

37. A. B. C. D.

problam problim problum problem

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

If you are unsure of spelling, try writing the word out on scratch paper. Which word looks right?

36

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Mechanics (cont.) 38. A. B. C. D.

suppose supose sappose soppose

39. A. B. C. D.

campane campaign campain camppaine

40. A. B. C. D.

buro burow bureau buraeu

Review

1. Be confident! You may not know everything, but you’ll know most things. 2. When in doubt, say each answer quietly to yourself. Which one sounds correct? 3. Read all answer choices before answering each question. 4. Decide what you think the answer is before reading the choices. Then look to see if your answer is there. 5. The purpose of punctuation is to signal meaning to the reader. 6. If you are unsure of spelling, try writing the word out on scratch paper. Which word looks right?

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

37

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Unit Two: Language Lesson Two: Expression Directions: Read the paragraph, and then answer the questions.

1 Rain forests are very important. 2Without them there is less rain and fewer plants. 3When it does rain, there is often bad flooding. 4There are fewer trees to soak up the water. 5There are many groups of people living in tropical rain forests around the world. 6Rain forests also remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. 7They help prevent global warming. 8 The greenhouse effect.

1. Which of these is the topic sentence(s) for this paragraph? A. 1 & 2 B. 1 C. 5 D. 8 2. What is the purpose of a topic sentence? A. It tells the main idea of a paragraph. B. It provides details about the topic sentence. C. It tells many good ideas about the paragraph. D. To group sentences on the main idea 3. Which sentences provide supporting details about the topic sentence? A. 2, 3, 8 B. 3, 4, 5, 6 C. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 D. all but #1 4. Which sentence does not belong in the paragraph? A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 4 5. Which group of words isn’t a sentence? A. 7 B. 8 C. 5 D. 3 © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

38

Standard English is the language of school—the kind your teacher speaks and the language in books.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Expression (cont.) 6. Which is the best way to combine sentences 1 and 2? A. Rain forests are very important, but without them there is less rain and fewer plants. B. Rain forests are very important; without them there is less rain and fewer plants. C. Rain forests are very important, and without them there is less rain and fewer plants. D. none of these 7. The two additional sentences that could be combined are A. 2 & 3. B. 4 & 5. C. 3 & 4. D. 5 & 6. 8. In sentence 2, to what does the pronoun them refer? A. rain forests B. weather C. animals D. people 9. In sentence 7, what is the antecedent of the pronoun they? A. weather B. rain forests C. animals D. people 10. In sentence 3, what would be a better word choice for bad? A. damaging B. destructive C. inconvenient D. mischievous

Directions: Choose the simple subject of each sentence.

11. On Thursday, people with dogs on leashes meet in Grant Park. A B C D 12. Purple has always been considered the color of royalty because it was very hard to get. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

39

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Expression (cont.)

Directions: Choose the simple predicate of each sentence.

13. The Aztecs of Mexico taught the Spanish how to make red dye by crushing insects A B C D called chochineats. 14. Scientists believe that global temperatures are rising. A B C D Directions: Choose the direct object in each sentence. 15. Star skateboarder Tony Hawk performs amazing tricks in the air. A B C D 16. Mackenzie threw the flowers at Elton because she was angry with him. A B C D Directions: Choose the prepositional phrase from each sentence. 17. When she had finished dressing and primping, Carmella marched to her cousin’s party. A B C D 18. Walking quickly to work, Gale realized she was wearing two different shoes. A B C D 19. Which sentence is correct? A. Running at top speed, my hat flew off. B. My hat flew off while running at top speed. C. Running, my hat flew off at top speed. D. I was running at top speed when my hat fell off. 20. Which sentence is correct? A. While eating my pizza, the phone rang. B. While I was eating my pizza, the phone rang. C. The phone rang while eating my pizza. D. While the phone rang, I was eating my pizza. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

40

When in doubt, say the answer choices to yourself quietly. Which one sounds correct?

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Expression (cont.) 21. Which sentence is correct? A. At the picnic, Felicia served sundaes to hungry guests in paper cups. B. Felicia, at the picnic, served sundaes to hungry guests in paper cups. C. Felicia served her guests in paper cups, sundaes. D. At the picnic, Felicia served sundaes in paper cups to her hungry guests. Directions: Choose the correct word(s) for each sentence. 22. Wearing an orange hat and blue suspenders, Flora A. were lying B. was lying C. is lying D. are lying 23. Neither Vivian nor Isabel cookies. A. were B. was C. is D. are 24. Neither of the girls A. were B. am C. is D. are

in the hammock.

able to get up from the couch after eating all of the

hungry tonight.

The apple trees look so beautiful in the spring when they are covered with blossoms. 25. Which word in this sentence is used as an adjective? A. covered B. blossoms C. spring D. apple

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

Decide what you think the answer is before reading the choices. Then look back to see if your answer is there.

41

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Expression (cont.) 26. Which word is used as a preposition in the sentence on the previous page? A. the B. so C. in D. when 27. Which word begins the subordinate phrase in the sentence on the previous page? A. so B. in C. when D. with Directions: Choose the correct way to say the underlined part of the sentence. 28. Shelby thinks that playing softball is more fun than to practice softball. A. the practice of B. practicing C. having practiced D. no change 29. The weather was gorgeous yesterday, but today it is hot, sticky, and with clouds. A. is cloudy B. has cloudy C. cloudy D. no change 30. Water boils until it reaches a temperature of 100°C. A. when B. unless C. before D. no change

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

42

Eliminate those choices you know are wrong or don’t make sense.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Expression (cont.)

1. Africa is home to some of the world’s most spectacular animals. 2. In the tropical forest in the center, many different kinds of monkeys, apes, and gorillas live. 3. On the savanna live magnificent creatures elephants, lions, giraffes, rhinos, hippos, zebras, and many more. 4. Many of Africa’s most spectacular animals have been reduced almost to extinction by hunters. 5. Now many of the “big game” animals are protected inside safari parks.

31. Which words should be added to in the center to clarify the meaning of sentence 2? A. of Africa B. of their home C. of the place D. no change 32. In sentence 3, what word(s) should be added to magnificent creatures to clarify meaning? A. example B. but C. such as D. no change 33. In sentence 4, how could have been reduced almost to extinction be changed to clarify the meaning of the sentence? A. have almost been reduced to B. have almost reduced to C. have been reduced to D. no change 34. Which of the following would be a good title for the above selection? A. Spectacular Animals B. Animals of the Plains of Africa C. The Rain Forest Read carefully. D. African Animals Understand why you are reading— what are you looking for?

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

43

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Expression (cont.) I. II. III. IV. V.

pour treats into cake pan to cool add marshmallows collect ingredients, tools, and equipment stir in crispy rice cereal melt butter in sauce pan

35. What is the correct sequence of this recipe? A. V, II, III, IV, I B. V, IV, II, III, I C. III, IV, V, II, I D. III, V, II, IV, I

Make sure you fill in the correct answer on your answer sheet.

Review

1. Standard English is the language of school—like your teacher speaks and that is in books.



2. When in doubt, say each choice quietly to yourself. Which one sounds correct?



3. Decide what you think the answer is before reading the choices. Then look back to see if your answer is there.



4. Read carefully and thoughtfully. Understand why you are reading. What are you looking for?



5. Eliminate those choices you know are wrong or don’t make sense.



6. Make sure you fill in the correct answer on your answer sheet.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

44

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Unit Two: Language Lesson Three: Information Skills

Directions: Examine the acronyms carefully, and then answer the questions. ASAP CBS DOB AAA ICU SOS AFB FWD NFL ATV GNP NEA BLT HQ USA Figure 1: American Acronyms

1. Which acronym is a kind of sandwich? A. NEA C. AAA B. BLT D. ICU

Read all maps, charts, diagrams, and d r aw i n g s c a r e f u l l y. Read the titles on these

2. Which acronym is a motorized vehicle? A. AFB C. ATV B. NEA D. GNP 3. Which acronym is an international signal of distress? A. CBS C. DOB B. SOS D. USA 4. Which acronym represents your birthday? A. AFB C. ATV B. HQ D. DOB

Don’t look ahead to another question until you finish the one on which you are working.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

45

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.)

Directions: Examine the telephone instructions in Figure 2 before answering the next set of questions.

A Quick Look at Your Phone VOICE MAIL/NEW MESSAGE Indicator—flashes to indicate new messages. /SPEED DIAL/ —enters or recalls numbers in the phone book, dials the one-touch speed dial number, or moves the cursor to the left. CID/ —displays the Caller ID list, or moves the cursor to the right. TALK/FLASH—answers or places calls, or sends a flash signal. TAD —sets earpiece volume or plays back a message from a remote phone. END—hangs up a call. | —skips a message from a remote phone. # —adds or removes the area code. DEL/TRSF—deletes a number or transfers a call to the other handset. SEL/CH—selects the setting or another channel for clearer reception. MENU/MUTE—sets Caller ID options, language, or dialing mode, or temporarily turns off the microphone. REDIAL/PAUSE—redials any of the last three numbers or adds a pause in a dialing sequence. */TONE—adds or removes the prefix “1” for a long distance call or temporarily switches from pulse to tone dialing. DEL—deletes a message from a remote phone. | —repeats a message from a remote phone. Figure 2: Telephone

5. Pressing DEL results in A. deleting a message from a remote phone. B. delivery of a pizza. C. redialing the last number. D. transferring a call. 6. How do you know you have a voice mail message? A. Use speed dial. B. The indicator light flashes. C. Press DEL/TRSF. D. Dial *66.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

46

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.) 7. What does the speed dial do? A. It enters or recalls numbers. B. It dials the one-touch numbers. C. It moves the cursor to the left. D. all of these

Use context clues to figure out tough questions.

8. If you wanted clearer reception for the phone, what would you press? A. SEL/CH B. MENU/MUTE C. TALK/FLASH D. REDIAL/PAUSE Directions: Use Figure 3 to answers questions 9–13.

Figure 3: Campus Map

9. Which street(s) take you into the college? A. Nicholas Avenue B. College Avenue C. University Avenue D. all of these

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

47

1. Ludlum Hall 2. Jones-Allison Hall 3. Hudson Hall 4. Clegg Memorial Chapel 5. Stoddard Hall 6. Renner Art Center 7. Lumpkin Library 8. F.W. Olin Science Building 9. Alumni Hall of Biology 10. Bothwell Conservatory of Music 11. Jewell Hall 12. Woodward Physical Education Center 13. Challacombe Hall 14. Graham Hall 15. Anderson Student Center 16. Butler Hall 17. Campus Maintenance 18. Mary Rahme Learning Resource Center

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.) 10. If you wanted to go swimming, in which of these buildings would you expect to find a swimming pool? A. 12 Think twice before B. 6 changing an answer. It is C. 15 usually not a good idea to change D. 7 an answer, as your first guess is usually the correct one.

11. The building closest to the athletic field is A. Challacombe Hall. B. Butler Hall. C. Jewell Hall. D. Hudson Hall.

12. What building is closest to the west side of the library? A. Alumni Hall of Biology B. F.W. Olin Science Building C. Renner Art Center D. Stoddard Hall 13. Which building is the most centrally located? A. Hudson Hall B. Jones-Allison Hall C. Graham Hall D. Campus Maintenance Directions: Examine the classified section of this paper, and then answer the questions. CLASSIFIED INDEX Announcements Wanted Card of Thanks General Notices Greetings, Congratulations In Memoriam Legal Notices Lost and Found Personal Ads

133 165 140 153 110 135 185 155

Business & Professional Services Accounting, Tax Alterations, Sewing Ambulance Service Beauty Salons, Stylists Business Services Carpet Cleaning Computer Services Contracting, Roofing

301 305 308 316 320 325 336 331

DJs, Entertainers Dry Cleaning Electric Wiring Excavating Flowers, Florists Fitness, Weight Reduction Heating Pumps & Air Home Repair Insurance Surety Bonds Landscaping, Lawns Legal Services Medical, Dental Services Movers, Storage Paving Contractors Pest Control Recycling Road Service & Towing Snow Removal Tree Removal Television, VCR Repair Upholstery, Refinishing

337 338 340 343 346 347 350 353 356 359 360 364 367 372 379 386 388 392 391 395 398

Employment Help Wanted Medical/Dental Help Wanted Babysitting, Child Care Salespeople Wanted Employment Agencies Employment Services, Free Work Wanted

Pets, Farm 415 416 420 430 435 440 450

Instruction Schools, Instruction Vocational Schools Correspondence Courses Private Instruction Music, Dance, Dramatics Instruction Wanted

605 610 615 620 625 630

Figure 4: Classified Index © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

48

Pets and Supplies Riding Horses, Stables Farm Supplies & Equip. Livestock & Feed Poultry, Eggs, Supplies Farm & Dairy Products

705 710 715 720 725 730

Merchandise Articles for Sale 806 Rummage & Garage Sales 809 Articles for Rent 815 Household Goods 816 Free for All 819 Business & Office Equip. 824 Radio, TV, Stereo, VCR 827 Computers, Video Games 830 Musical Merchandise 836 Jewelry, Diamonds 829 Hobbies, Crafts 848 Fireplace Wood, Fuel 863

Snowblowers Lawn/Garden Equip. Pools & Spas Manufacturing Services Wanted to Buy or Rent Swaps, Trades

865 866 868 884 886 888

Recreation Travel Recreational Vehicles 905 RV Accessories 908 Campers, Tents, Trailers 915 Camping Rental Sites 920 Boats, Motors, Accessories 930 Personal Watercrafts 933 Motorcycles, Bikes, Carts 935 Places to Go or Stay 955

Rentals Rooms for Rent 1003 Furnished Apartments 1010 Unfurnished Apartments 1015

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.) 14. On what page would you find pet supplies? A. 605 C. 301 B. 705 D. 915 15. If you were interested in buying a diamond, where would you look? A. 356 C. 829 B. 605 D. 905

If you have to change an answer, be sure to erase your pencil marks completely.

16. If you wanted to learn how to dance, in which category would you look? A. Employment C. Rentals B. Real Estate D. Instruction

Directions: Examine Figure 5, part of a page from a phone book, and then answer the questions.

17. Which one of these names would NOT be listed on this page of the phone book? A. Scherrer, Tony & Darlene B. Schmitt, A. C. Schlipf, Logan D. Schmuck, Kurt 18. How many people named Schnepp are in this phone book? A. 8 C. 6 B. 4 D. 0 19.

What is the correct alphabetical order of these names? 1. Schmal 4. Schloz 2. Schlueter 5. Schmale 3. Schluter

A. B. C. D.

2, 3, 1, 5, 4 2, 1, 3, 5, 4 4, 2, 3, 1, 5 3, 1, 5, 4, 2

SCHILSKY–SCHOLLETT SCHNEIDER Michael MD 301 N 8th...................... 555-4839 SCHNEIDER Michael C 2001 Wiggins Av.............. 555-7163 Michael J 2619 Price Av.................................. 555-6258 Perry & Linda 22 Pebble Beach Dr................ 555-3756 Pete 7375 W Outer Rd.................................... 555-2995 Richard W 1041 1750th St............................. 555-3698 Ron & Sue 812 S 1st St.................................. 555-3615 Samuel Wm 24 Cheyenne Dr......................... 555-6234 Tom & Cindy 211 Richardson St.................... 555-4480 Tony RR1 Williamsville.................................... 555-2444 W Michael 2333 Old Jacksonville Rd............. 555-3478 Wm 1717 Pekin............................................... 555-9028 SCHNELL John W 1312 Fayette Av....................... 555-5724 K 1217 Fayette Av........................................... 555-7298 SCHNELLE Mark 3900 Jonquil............................... 555-1568 SCHNELLENBERGER Allen 121 W Lester........... 555-3543 SCHNELLER A 2211 Lindbergh Bl......................... 555-8797 Darcy 1204 S Macarthur Bl............................. 555-1799 David & Barbara 1032 Fayette Av.................. 555-1325 John F Jr 3605 Edinborough Ct..................... 555-0556 SCHNELTEN Geo 8804 Iler Rd.............................. 555-2031 M H 400 E Madison......................................... 555-9810 Stephen 1101 N 8th........................................ 555-3935 SCHNEPP Dick 2217 Wiggins................................ 555-2940 Donald II 408 Clipper Rd................................ 555-2266 Harry 2133 Hastings Rd................................. 555-5901 Jason M 5248 Buford...................................... 555-9644 Keith T 28 Villa Grove..................................... 555-1884 M V 520 S 2n................................................... 555-1199 SCHNEPPER Tris T 423 S Walnut.......................... 555-7716

Figure 5: Phone Book

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.)

Directions: Look over the window diagram for Microsoft Word in Figure 6 before answering the questions. 1

3

2

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

32

33

A B C D 21

22

23

24 25

26

27

28

29

30

31

Figure 6: Computer Window

20. Which line is the Standard Toolbar? A. A C. C B. B D. D

Make sure you fill in the right number on your answer sheet.

21. Which line is the Formatting Toolbar? A. A C. C B. B D. D 22. What button do you click to open your e-mail? A. 1 C. 3 B. 2 D. 4 23. What is the function of button 3? A. saves your work C. B. document mapping D.

inserts a table copies text

24. If you wanted to undo something you just did, what button would you click? A. 6 C. 10 B. 8 D. 12 25. If you wanted to center your text, what would you do? A. click on 28 C. click on 29 B. click on 26 D. click on 30

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

50

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.) 26. What would happen if you accidentally clicked on 20? A. nothing C. Your font would change color. B. Your window disappears. D. It eats your work. 27. In computer language, a(n) A. DPI B. application C. formula D. floppy disk

is a piece of software, usually a program.

28. What is a CD-ROM? A. compact disk–read only memory B. software that can be freely used and distributed C. a program that adds features to a web browser D. a piece of software that enables the computer to communicate 29. An icon is A. a graphic symbol that indicates the type of program. B. the small panel at the foot of an open window. C. a panel displaying the contents of a folder or disk drive. D. an image that is black and white, no color, no tones of gray. 30. A computer virus is a A. device used to connect a computer to the Internet via a telephone line. B. program deliberately created and distributed to destroy data. C. socket on the back of the computer. D. discreet collection of data stored in your memory.

Eliminate choices you know are wrong or silly. Choose your answer from what is left.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.)

Rio Grande River

Directions: Examine the map in Figure 7, and then answer the questions that follow.

Figure 7: The American Southwest

31. In what state is the Hoover Dam located? A. California C. Arizona B. Nevada D. B and C 32. Santa Fe, New Mexico, is of Phoenix, Arizona. A. southeast C. northeast B. southwest D. northwest

When you finish, go back over your test to be sure you’ve answered all of the questions.

33. In what state is the Mojave Desert located? A. California C. Arizona B. Nevada D. Utah 34. On what river was the Hoover Dam built? A. Sevier River C. Humboldt River B. Rio Grande River D. Colorado River 35. About how far is it from the Hoover Dam to Salt Lake City? A. less than 200 miles B. more than 300 miles C. more than 500 miles D. less than 50 miles

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.) Directions: Use the diagram in Figure 8 to answer the following questions.

Figure 8: Bicycle

36. The front fork is the movable part of the frame that holds the front wheel. In Figure 8, the front fork is labeled A. A. C. C. B. B. D. D. 37. The handlebars and the handlebar stem connect the handlebars to the frame. In Figure 8, they are labeled A. F. C. A. B. B. D. D. 38. The bicycle’s frame is labeled A. F. C. A. B. B. D. D. 39. The part labeled is where an axle connects the two pedal cranks together. A. I. C. D. B. K. D. E. 40. The part labeled allows the handlebars to turn. A. F. C. A. B. B. D. D.

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53

Remember— all you can do is your personal best.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Two: Language

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Information Skills (cont.)

Review

1. Read all maps, charts, diagrams, and drawings carefully and thoughtfully. Read the titles also.



2. Don’t look ahead to another question or section until you finish the one on which you are working. Minimize distractions.



3. Use context clues to figure out tough questions.



4. Think twice before changing an answer. It is usually not a good idea to change an answer, as your first guess is usually the correct one.



5. If you have to change an answer, be sure to erase your mistake completely.



6. Make sure you fill in the correct answer on your answer sheet.



7. Eliminate choices you know are wrong or silly. Choose your answer from what is left.



8. When you finish, go back over your test to be sure you’ve answered all of the questions.



9. Remember—all you can do is your personal best.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

54

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Helpful Math Strategies Test Tips

1. Use all of the time that is provided. This is a test, not a race. 2. Use your time wisely. 3. Do not spend too much time on any one problem. 4. Skip hard questions, and answer the easy ones first. 5. Read each question carefully. 6. Read the question twice if you have to.

Math Strategies

★ Look at the signs carefully in the problem. Know if you are being asked to add, subtract, multiply, or divide. ★ Be sure to check your work; the right answer may not be given. ★ Check your work by reversing the problem. ★ Do all of your work on scratch paper. ★ Be sure to transfer the correct answer to the answer sheet. ★ Estimate the answer before working the problem. ★ Recognize a reasonable answer, and eliminate those answer choices that are not reasonable. ★ Decide if your answers make sense. ★ Study the words in word problems carefully to decide what you have to do to find the answer.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Unit Three: Mathematics Lesson One: Concepts

Directions: Solve these problems.

1. 587 x 60 = A. 35,227 C. B. 35,210 D.

35,220 32,520

2. 2,863 x 85 = A. 243,358 C. B. 234,355 D.

253,355 243,355

3. 4,526 ÷ 43 = A. 105 R2 C. B. 105 R11 D.

105 R3 106

4. 5,067 ÷ 282 = A. 17 R273 C. B. 18 R27 D.

17 R9 16 R92

5. 481 9,957 A. 20 R7 C. B. 23 D.

20 R337 20 R8

Look at the signs carefully. Know what operation you are being asked to perform.

6. The standard numeral for 23 is A. 8 C. 5 B. 6 D. none of these

Use all of the time that is provided. This is a test, not a race.

7. The standard numeral for 84 is A. 32 C. 4,096 B. 4,195 D. none of these 8. Which is 5 • 5 • 5 • 5 • 5 in exponent form? A. 25 C. 5 • 5 B. 55 D. none of these 9. Which is 9 • 9 • 2 • 2 • 9 in exponent form? A. 92 • 22 • 9 C. 93 • 22 B. (9 • 9 • 9) x (2 • 2) D. none of these

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56

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Concepts (cont.) 10. The standard numeral for 53 • 102 is A. 12,500. C. 125,000. B. 1,250. D. none of these. 11. 881.036487 818.036437 A. > C. B. < D.

= none of these

12. 0.065517 0.065551 A. > C. B. < D.

= none of these

13. Choose the correct order from least to greatest. A. 456, 0.456, 400.56 C. 456, 400.56, 0.456 B. 0.456, 400.56, 456 D. none of these 14. Choose the correct order from least to greatest. A. 314.09901, 314.09091, 314.00991 B. 314.00991, 314.09901, 314.09091 C. 314.00991, 314.09091, 314.09901 D. none of these 15. Solve for x: 6x - 2 = 16 A. x = 12 C. B. x = 8 D.

x=3 none of these

16. Solve for y: 30 + y = 48 A. y = 15 C. y = 78 B. y = 18 D. none of these 17. 23 - 18 = A. +5 C. B. -5 D.

+23 none of these

18. 5 - (-17) = A. -12 C. B. +22 D.

+67 none of these

19. (-3)(6) = A. 9 C. B. -16 D.

16 none of these

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Be sure to check your work. The right answer may not be given.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Concepts (cont.) Directions: Refer to Figure 1 to answer the following questions.



Source: NPD Group

Figure 1 20. Which is the most popular sport shoe? A. running C. basketball B. aerobic D. cross-training 21. Place these shoes in order of sales from most to least: walking, running, aerobic, tennis. A. walking, running, aerobic, tennis B. running, walking, tennis, aerobic C. tennis, walking, aerobic, running D. aerobic, tennis, walking, running 22. Which two shoes combined outsell the basketball shoes? A. leisure and running B. leisure and walking C. running and walking D. none of these 23. Besides sport sandals, what percent of sport shoes sold are NOT worn for sport? A. 14% C. 2% B. 12% D. 8%

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Do not spend too much time on any one problem.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Concepts (cont.) Directions: Use the test scores below to answer the questions that follow. The class test scores are: 60, 45, 70, 90, 92, 94, 75, 65, 70, 98. 24. What is the median test score? A. 70 C. 72.5 B. 75.9 D. 53 25. What is the mean score? A. 70 C. B. 75.9 D.

72.5 53

26. What is the mode? A. 70 C. B. 75.9 D.

72.5 53

27. What is the range? A. 70 C. B. 75.9 D.

72.5 53

Be sure to transfer the correct answer to the answer sheet. Avoid answer sheet errors.

Directions: Refer to the grid in Figure 2 to answer questions 28–30. 10

y Ann

8

David

Ed

6 4 2

Jamal

School

0 -2

x

Barbara

-4 -6 -8 -10 -10 -8

Kimiko

-6 -4

-2

0

Figure 2 © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

59

2

4

6

8

10

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Concepts (cont.) 28. What are the coordinates for Barbara’s house? A. (-8,+8) C. (0,6) B. (2,-2) D. (6,0) 29. If you cannot travel diagonally, who lives the farthest from school? A. Kimiko C. David B. Barbara D. Ann 30. What are the coordinates for Kimiko’s house? A. (-7,-8) C. (-7,+7) B. (-6,-8) D. (-8,-8)

Review

1. Look at the signs carefully. Know what operation you are being asked to perform.



2. Use all of the time that is provided. This is a test, not a race.



3. Be sure to check your work. The right answer may not be given.



4. Do not spend too much time on any one problem.



5. Be sure to transfer the right answer to the answer sheet. Avoid answer sheet errors.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

60

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Unit Three: Mathematics Lesson Two: Computation

Directions: Choose the appropriate metric unit of measure.

1. length of a football field A. millimeter C. B. centimeter D.

meter kilometer

2. distance from New York City to Los Angeles A. millimeter C. meter B. centimeter D. kilometer 3. length of your big toe A. millimeter C. B. centimeter D. 4. 80 feet = A. B.

Recognize a reasonable answer and eliminate those that are not reasonable.

meter kilometer

yards

26  C. 27 25 D. none of the above

5. 13.2 cm = m A. 13.2 C. B. 1.32 D.

0.132 none of the above

6. Choose the correct order from least to greatest. 0.0021 km 52.35 mm 3.3 cm A. 0.0021 km, 3.3 cm, 0.48 m, 52.35 mm B. 3.3 cm, 52.35 mm, 0.48 m, 0.0021 km C. 52.35 mm, 3.3 cm, 0.48 m., 0.0021 km D. none of these 7. What is the perimeter of this square? A. 14.25 m B. 4.92 m C. 14 m D. none of these

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61

0.48 m

3 m 3 m

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Computation (cont.) 8. What is the area of this figure? A. 130 yards B. 19.50 yards C. 72 yards D. none of these 9. What is the area of this triangle? A. 25 m B. 30 m C. 50 m D. none of these

30 yds. 6.5 yds.

13 m 5m 12 m

10. What is the LCM (least common multiple) of 3 and 15? A. 3 C. 15 B. 30 D. none of these 11. Which fraction is equivalent to 0.48? A.

B.

 C.    D. none of these

12. Which decimal is equivalent to  ? A. 0.58 C. 5.8 B. 0.68 D. none of these 13.  A. B.

 > C. < D.

14. Order from least to greatest: A.

B.

C.

D.

= none of these Use your time wisely.

, , , 

, , ,  , , ,  , , ,  , , , 

 in lowest terms is A.  C.  B.  D. none of these 15.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Computation (cont.) 16. 5 is equivalent to A.

B.

  

21.



x

A.

B.

 x  =    

C. D. none of these

C. D.

 reduced is A. 4 B. 5 C. 2

22. 3 ÷ 2 =

17.



D.

none of these

 + 5 + 2 = A. 8 B. 8 C. 7 18.



D.

none of these

19. 7 - 2 = A.

5



5

B.

C. D.

4 none of these

20. 25 - (16 + 2) = A. 7 B. 6 C. 5 D. none of these

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

none of these

A.

1



1  

B.

C. D.

2 none of these

23. 9 x 3 = A. 33

B.

 

C. D. none of these 24. 4 ÷ 3 = A. B.

2 3

C. D.

1 none of these

Do not spend too much time on any one problem.

63

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Computation (cont.) 25. Solve for x: A.

B.

C. D.

x +



=



Skip hard problems, and solve the easier ones first.

     none of these

26. Solve for n: 18 = n 27 3 A. 1 B. 2 C. 6 D. none of these 27. Solve for n: n = 2 72 4 A. 72 B. 24 C. 36 D. none of these 28. 0.565 expressed as a percent is A. 5.6% B. 0.565% C. 56.5% D. none of these 29. 0.05 expressed as a percent is A. 5% B. 50% C. 500% D. none of these 30. 34.5% expressed as a decimal is A. 34.5 B. 3.45 C. 0.345 D. none of these

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64

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Computation (cont.) 31. 3 expressed as a percent is A. 32.5% B. 300% C. 3.25% D. none of these

Check your work by reversing the problem.

32. 50% of 128 is A. 34 B. 24 C. 64 D. none of these 33. What is the price of a $15 CD at a 25% discount? A. $1.50 B. $11.25 C. $3.00 D. none of these 34. What is the tax on a $20 book at 7% sales tax? A. $2.80 B. $21.40 C. $1.40 D. none of these 35. What number comes next in this sequence: 7, 14, 21, 28, …? A. 36 B. 35 C. 42 D. none of these 36. What number comes next in this sequence: , , 1, 4, …? A. 16 B. 24 C. 8 D. none of these

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65

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Computation (cont.) 37. At 45 mph, how long does it take to travel 189 miles? A. 5 hours B. 42 hours C. 4.2 hours D. none of these 38. What is the value of 2c/d when c = 3 and d = -1? A. +6 B. -3 C. -6 D. none of these What is the probability of drawing the following from a deck of 52 cards? 39. a spade

C.

  



none of these

A.

B.

D.



40. two consecutive hearts if the first card is not replaced in the deck A.

B.



C. D.



     none of these

Review

1. Recognize a reasonable answer, and eliminate those that are not reasonable.



2. Use your time wisely.



3. Do not spend too much time on any one problem.



4. Skip hard problems, and solve the easier ones first.



5. Check your work by reversing the problem.

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66

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Unit Three: Mathematics Lesson Three: Problem Solving and Reasoning

Directions: Choose the correct answer for each word problem.

1. The average person smiles about 15 times a day. How many smiles in a year? A. 30 C. 1,260 B. 5,475 D. none of these

Do all of your work on scratch paper.

2. The total length of a bike track is  of a mile. The

first  of the track is hilly, and the rest is flat. What fraction of the course is flat?

A.

B.

 C.   D. none of these

3. If there are 36 eggs in 3 dozen, how many eggs are in 9 dozen? A. 108 C. 110 B. 72 D. none of these 4. What is the cost of painting an 8 ft. x 15 ft. floor, if the cost is $2.50 per square foot? A. $30 C. $250 B. $300 D. none of these 5. The rent on Trent’s apartment is $725 a month. How much rent does Trent pay in 5 years? A. $8,700 C. $43,500 B. $3,625 D. none of these 6. A CD player costs $220. J.C. puts $60 down and agrees to pay the remainder in 8 equal monthly installments. How much must he pay each month? A. $25 C. $40 B. $35 D. none of these 7. Miguel and Tomás’s ages add up to 78. If Miguel is 30, how old is Tomás? A. 58 C. 50 B. 48 D. none of these 8. If 3 times a number is increased by 11 and the result is 47, what is the number? A. 12 C. 15 B. 10 D. none of these © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

67

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Problem Solving and Reasoning (cont.) 9. A washer and dryer combination is marked down from $720 to $583.20. What was the percent of markdown? A. 25% C. 20% Decide B. 19% D. none of these if your answer makes sense. 10. Soda is on sale at 3 cans for $0.87. How many cents does one can cost? A. $0.50 C. $0.75 B. $0.29 D. none of these 11. CHEEP Car Rental rents 16,464 cars each year. On average, how many cars do they rent a month? A. 1,400 C. 1,372 B. 1,572 D. none of these 12. If the total weight of the 11 members of a football team was 2,552 pounds, what is the mean weight of the team? A. 232 pounds C. 200 pounds B. 255 pounds D. none of these 13. The bookstore sells a book for $57.68. The store marks up its merchandise by 20% over the publisher’s price. How much did this particular book cost the store? A. $5.76 C. $48.07 B. $11.54 D. none of these 14. Katie is 4 times as old as Kelly. In 3 years, Katie will be three times as old as Kelly will be. How old is each one now? A. Katie, 24, Kelly, 6 C. Katie, 18, Kelly, 3 B. Katie 54, Kelly 24 D. none of these 15. A train leaves the station at 2:00 p.m. traveling at 60 mph. A second train leaves at 3:30 p.m., traveling at 75 mph in the same direction. How far will the second train have to go before it catches up to the first train? A. 400 miles C. 375 miles Read the problem B. 425 miles D. none of these carefully. Read it twice, 16. Carol bought a book for $19.95 and a game for $14.99. She gave the clerk a $50 bill. How much change will she get? A. $20.00 C. $15.06 B. $45.06 D. none of these

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

68

if necessary.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Problem Solving and Reasoning (cont.) Directions: Refer to Figure 1 to answer the following questions. MILITARY TIME

12 midnight 12:30 a.m. 1 a.m. 2 a.m. 3 a.m. 4 a.m. 5 a.m. 6 a.m. 7 a.m. 8 a.m. 9 a.m. 10 a.m. 11 a.m.

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

00 hours 0030 hours 0100 hours 0200 hours 0300 hours 0400 hours 0500 hours 0600 hours 0700 hours 0800 hours 0900 hours 1000 hours 1100 hours

12 noon 12:30 p.m. 1 p.m. 2 p.m. 3 p.m. 4 p.m. 5 p.m. 6 p.m. 7 p.m. 8 p.m. 9 p.m. 10 p.m. 11 p.m.

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

1200 hours 1230 hours 1300 hours 1400 hours 1500 hours 1600 hours 1700 hours 1800 hours 1900 hours 2000 hours 2100 hours 2200 hours 2300 hours

Figure 1

17. Sergeant Bardon gets up at 0630 hours every morning. It takes him an hour and a half to get ready for work and 15 minutes to walk to his office. What time does the sergeant get to work? A. 8:15 a.m. C. 8:00 a.m. B. 8:30 a.m. D. none of these 18. Grace expects her military husband home at 1600 hours, but he is 3 hours late. What time does Grace’s husband get home? A. 1900 hours C. 730 hours B. 1930 hours D. none of these Be sure you know what you are looking for in the problem.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

69

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Three: Mathematics

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Problem Solving and Reasoning (cont.) 19. Leo and Linda are attending Cinema 2 on Sunday. They live 40 minutes from the theater. If they leave at 1800 hours, when will they arrive at the theater? A. exactly when the movie starts B. 20 minutes after the movie starts C. 20 minutes before the movie starts D. none of these 20. The 1630 hour movie is 2 hours long, Leo and Linda stop for something to eat for an hour, and drive the 40-minute trip back home. What time do they get home? A. 6 p.m. C. 2000 hours B. 8:40 p.m. D. none of these





★ CINEMA 1 ★ “The Core” Rated PG-13 (1hr. 45 min.) ★ CINEMA 2 ★ “What a Girl Wants” Rated PG (1hr. 40 min.) ★ CINEMA 3 ★ “Dreamcatcher” Rated R (2hrs. 16 min.) SHOWTIMES Friday - 4:30, 7:00, 9:30 Saturday - 2:00, 4:30, 7:00, 9:30 Sunday - 2:00, 4:30, 7:00 Monday thru Thursday - 4:30, 7:00

Review



1. Do all of your work on scratch paper.



2. Decide if your answer makes sense.



3. Read the problem carefully. Read it twice, if necessary.



4. Be sure you know what you are looking for in the problem.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

70

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Helpful Science Strategies Test Tips

1. Work as quickly as you can. 2. Skip the hard questions, and answer the easy ones first; go back to the hard questions when you finish. 3. Answer all questions; when all else fails, guess! 4. Think twice before changing an answer; your first guess is usually the correct one. 5. If you change an answer, be sure to erase your pencil marks completely. 6. Often information in a later question can be used to answer an earlier question. 7. Pay attention to key words like not, but, except, always, never, and only.

Science Strategies

★ Science concept questions cover information about life science, physical science, earth science, and health science. ★ Pay attention to important words in each question that might make the answer choices true or untrue. ★ Pay close attention to how the questions are worded. All answers may be true, but only one answers the question. ★ Keep in mind the steps of the scientific process. ★ Use logical reasoning to answer the questions. Does your answer make sense? ★ Use the process of elimination to find answers. Cross out those that you know are wrong. ★ Examine charts, pictures, diagrams, and figures carefully.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

71

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Unit Four: Science Lesson One: Process and Inquiry

Directions: Choose the answer that best completes each statement.

1. The goal of science is . A. to understand the world around us B. to find answers to perplexing problems C. to do experiments in a laboratory D. to advance technology

Science tests look at your skills as well as your knowledge of science.

2. One of the best ways to find answers in science is to A. ask an expert B. look in an encyclopedia or other book C. experiment D. ask more questions

.

3. The organized steps used to solve a problem are called . A. the theories of science C. technology B. scientific methods D. scientific development

Experiment to see which colors influence the growth of a plant: Find a good plot of grass on the lawn of the schoolyard. Cover with the cardboard design we made in class where one section is covered in red cellophane, another with blue, a third with green, and the fourth one with clear cellophane. Measure the length of the grass, noting color of the plants and other general appearances over a five-day period.

4. Which of these is not a variable in this experiment? A. colored cellophane B. clear cellophane C. temperature D. the effects of the colors 5. Which of these variables is the control? A. colored cellophane B. clear cellophane C. temperature D. the effects of the colors © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

72

Figure 1

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Process and Inquiry (cont.) 6. Which of these best states the hypothesis of the experiment in Figure 1? A. Some plants respond to light. B. Colors influence the growth of plants. C. Green light will cause the most favorable plant growth. D. Plants will turn toward the light and away from the dark. 7. If the experiment proves the hypothesis wrong, what should you do? A. Form a new hypothesis and test it with an experiment. B. Scrap the whole experiment and design a better one. C. Repeat the experiment over and over until you get the expected results. D. Redesign the experiment.

Pay close attention to how the questions are worded. All answers may be true, but only one answers the question.

8. What part of a scientific experiment is most like guessing who ate the last piece of the pizza? A. stating the problem B. forming the hypothesis C. planning the experiment D. collecting data 9. How is conducting an experiment like solving a mystery? A. Gathering data is like looking for clues. B. Both are very dangerous work. C. Planning involves observing, estimating, and measuring the data. D. Both require specialized knowledge. 10. Why is it important for scientists to measure things? A. so they know how big or full things are B. It makes people believe in their theories. C. because they need to know exactly how long things are D. It makes their observations more precise. 11. The system of measurement used by all scientists is A. the English System of Measurement B. the International System of Units C. the American System of Measurement D. the United States Customary System

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.

Work as quickly as you can.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Process and Inquiry (cont.)

Directions: Use the chart below to answer questions 12–13.

Metric Prefixes Prefix Symbol Number kilo- k 1000 hecto- h 100 deka da 10 deci- d 0.1 centi c 0.01 milli- m 0.001

Meaning thousand hundred ten tenth hundredth thousandth

Use logical reasoning to answer the questions.

Figure 2

12. How many centimeters are in 1 meter? A. 100 C. 1 B. 1000 D. 10 13. How many milliliters in one liter? A. 100 C. B. 1000 D.

1 10

14. Which type of measurement would you use to measure the distance in a race? A. meter C. gram B. degree D. liter 15. Which type of measurement would you use to measure the liquid in a large bottle of soda? A. meter C. gram B. degree D. liter

Skip the hard questions and answer the easy ones first; go back to the hard questions when you finish.

16. In science, a model is A. an experiment performed by the teacher for the education of the students. B. a representation of some object or event that is like the real thing. C. a way to involve parents in the science education of their children. D. a way to provide firsthand experiences for students.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Process and Inquiry (cont.) Directions: Examine the model in Figure 3, and then answer the questions. 17. Figure 3 could be a model of the A. water cycle. B. major air masses. C. earth. D. solar system. 18. The earth’s crust is represented on the model as the A. fruit. B. seeds. C. core. D. peel. A.

B.

Figure 3

C.

Figure 4

19. What does the symbol in Figure 4A mean? A. Poisonous plants or plants with thorns are nearby. B. The misuse of chemicals could cause an explosion. C. Care must be taken to dispose of materials properly. D. Use caution when handling hot objects. 20. What does the symbol in Figure 4D mean? A. Poisonous plants or plants with thorns are nearby. B. The misuse of chemicals could cause an explosion. C. Care must be taken to dispose of materials properly. D. Use caution when handling hot objects.

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D.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Process and Inquiry (cont.)

Directions: Examine the chart of the elements found in the earth’s crust, Figure 5. Then answer the next set of questions.

21. Which element accounts for nearly 50% of the earth’s crust? A. silicon B. aluminum C. oxygen D. sodium 22. What two elements are the least abundant? A. oxygen and silicon B. titanium and hydrogen C. potassium and sodium D. aluminum and iron 23. Five percent of the earth’s crust is made up of A. iron. B. calcium. C. sodium. D. potassium.

Elements in the Earth’s Crust Element Percentage Oxygen 46.6 Silicon 27.72 Aluminum 8.13 Iron Calcium Sodium Potassium Magnesium Titanium Hydrogen Total Figure 5

24. There is about twice the amount of aluminum as there is A. iron. B. sodium. C. potassium. D. calcium. 25. The use of scientific knowledge to solve everyday problems is called A. technology. B. climatology. C. geology. Answer all of the questions. D. hydrology. When all else fails, guess!

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5.00 3.63 2.83 2.59 2.09 0.40 0.14 99.13

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: Process and Inquiry (cont.) Review

1. Science tests look at your skills as well as your knowledge of science. They ask you to observe, infer, estimate, measure, predict, classify, hypothesize, record, organize, and analyze.



2. Work as quickly as you can.



3. Skip the hard questions, and answer the easy ones first. Then go back and do the hard ones.



4. Pay close attention to how the questions are worded. All answers may be true, but only one answers the question.



5. Use logical reasoning to answer the questions.



6. Answer all of the questions. When all else fails, guess!

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Unit Four: Science

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Name:

Date:

Unit Four: Science Lesson Two: Concepts

Directions: Examine the picture in Figure 1 of Old Faithful geyser in Yellowstone National Park.

Figure 1

1. What kind of matter is ice? A. solid B. liquid C. gas D. plasma 2. A solid changes to a liquid by A. evaporation. B. melting. C. freezing. D. sublimation.

Science tests usually cover information about life science, physical science, earth science, and health science.

3. The picture in Figure 1 contains these three phases of water: ice, water, and A. crystals. B. water falls. C. water vapor. D. steam. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Concepts (cont.) A.



B.

C.

D.

E.

Figure 2

4. Which picture in Figure 2 shows a physical change? A. A C. C B. B D. D 5. Which picture in Figure 2 shows a chemical change? A. D C. C B. E D. none of these 6. Matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together but not chemically combined is called a(n) A. compound. C. mixture. B. element. D. complex. 7. Elements are made of , which are the building blocks of matter. A. atoms C. mixtures B. molecules D. solvents 8. Which of these is not a compound? A. H2O C. H2SO4 B. H2 D. CO2

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Skip the hard questions, and answer the easy ones first. Go back to the hard questions when you finish.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Concepts (cont.)

Work as quickly as you can.

9. A ring of coral reefs is called a(n) A. lagoon. C. barrier reef. B. coral reef. D. atoll. 10. Large masses and ridges of limestone containing the skeletons of animals are called a(n) A. lagoon. C. island. B. coral reef. D. atoll.

11. A coastal body of shallow water formed where low-lying rock, sand, or coral presents a partial barrier to the open sea is a(n) A. lagoon. C. barrier reef. B. coral reef. D. atoll.

Directions: Read the paragraph in Figure 3, and then replace the blanks with the correct word.

According to the continental drift theory, land masses were once 12 , and then some gradually drifted 13 . The continental drift 14 at a very gradual pace today. Figure 3

12. A.

apart

B.

connected C.

continues

D.

cracks

13. A.

apart

B.

connected C.

continues

D.

cracks

14. A.

apart

B.

connects C.

continues

D.

cracks

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Concepts (cont.) 15. Evidence that supports the theory of continental drift has been provided by A. coal fields C. fossils B. glacial deposits D. all of these



.

Directions: Examine the flow chart in Figure 4, and then choose the correct word to replace each number.

Vertebrates divided into

Coldblooded animals

16.

which are

which are

Birds

Fish

17.

18.

Reptiles

Figure 4

16. A. B.

warmblooded animals C. amphibians D.

mammals reptiles

17. A. B.

warmblooded animals C. amphibians D.

mammals reptiles

18. A. B.

warmblooded animals C. amphibians D.

mammals reptiles

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Examine charts, pictures, diagrams, and figures carefully.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Four: Science

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Concepts (cont.) Directions: Examine the diagram in Figure 5, and then answer the next set of questions.

Figure 5

19. Which food group has the most servings? A. milk, yogurt, and cheese B. vegetable C. bread, cereal, rice, and pasta D. fruit 20. Which of these foods does not belong to the bread group? A. hotdog buns B. corn flakes C. macaroni D. pork ’n beans 21. To which food group does peanut butter belong? A. vegetable B. bread and cereal C. fruit D. meat © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Pay attention to key words like not, but, except, always, never, and only.

Unit Four: Science

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Concepts (cont.) 22. The foods at the top of the pyramid should be A. eaten rarely. B. eaten in the largest amounts. C. eaten when all other groups are satisfied. D. never eaten. 23. Sound travels as a(n) A. light wave. B. transverse wave. C. longitudinal wave. D. electromagnetic wave. 24. The speed of sound is fastest in a A. solid. B. liquid. C. gas. D. vacuum. 25. Using sound to measure distance is called A. resonance. B. sonar. C. acoustics. D. cochlea. 26. The source of all electromagnetic waves is the A. sun. B. earth. C. air. D. atom. 27. Microwaves are a type of A. radio wave. B. ultraviolet light. C. gamma ray. D. x-ray. 28. What type of rock would you be likely to find near the top of a volcano? A. igneous B. metamorphic C. sedimentary D. all of these

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Use the process of elimination to find answers. Cross out those you know are wrong.

Unit Four: Science

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Concepts (cont.) 29. What type of rock might be just beneath soil layers? A. igneous B. metamorphic C. sedimentary D. all of these

Often, information in a later question can be used to answer an earlier question.

30. What type of rock can magma form? A. igneous B. metamorphic C. sedimentary D. all of these

Review



1. Science concept questions usually test your knowledge of life science, physical science, earth science, and health science. 2. Skip the hard questions, and answer the easy ones first. Then go back and do the hard ones. 3. Pay attention to key words like not, but, except, always, never, and only. 4. Work as quickly as you can. 5. Use the process of elimination to find answers. Cross out those you know are wrong. 6. Examine charts, pictures, diagrams, and figures carefully. 7. Often, information in a later question can be used to answer an earlier question.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Helpful Social Studies Strategies Test Tips

1. Control your test anxiety. Take deep, deep breaths to calm your nervous energy. 2. Don’t panic; you are not supposed to know everything on the test. 3. Stay calm and focused. Don’t let your mind wander. 4. Read and consider all choices; there may be a better answer farther down the list, so don’t be too anxious. 5. Read each question carefully. Read it twice if you need to. 6. Guess the answer before reading the choices. Then look to see if your answer is there.

Social Studies Strategies

★ Social studies is about people, places, and events and when and how they happened. ★ Social studies tests usually include questions about history, geography, culture, government, and economics. ★ Geography includes the study of location, place, movement, human-environment interaction, and regions. ★ Social studies tests also examine your map, graph, and diagram skills. ★ Read maps, graphs, tables, charts, and diagrams carefully. ★ When you read a map, be sure to read the title first. Understand the kind of information the map is giving you. ★ Use your time wisely. Answer the ones you know first, and then go back and do the hard ones.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Unit Five: Social studies Lesson One: History and Culture

Directions: Choose the correct answer for each question.

1. Which of these describes culture? A. a way of life of a group of people B. the social habits of a group C. the beliefs and ideals that guide the way people live D. the system of rules that govern a group

Social studies is about people, places, and events and when and how they happened.

2. Which of these describes values? A. a way of life of a group of people B. the social habits of a group C. the beliefs and ideals that guide the way people live D. the system of rules that govern a group 3. Which civilization built great pyramids for their kings? A. ancient Egyptians B. ancient Hebrews C. early Europeans D. ancient Persians 4. To which civilization do the Dead Sea Scrolls belong? A. ancient Egyptians B. ancient Hebrews C. early Europeans D. ancient Persians 5. Which of the historical figures in Figure 1 was a great Greek mathematician and inventor? A. Socrates B. Cicero C. Archimedes D. Aristophanes 6. Who was the great Greek philosopher who taught Alexander the Great? A. Homer B. Plato C. Socrates D. Aristotle © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Figure 1

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: History and Culture (cont.)

The Mongol Empire

4

5

6

7

8

The Renaissance

Chin Dynasty in China Founded

3

Normans conquer England

2

The Holy Roman Empire Founded

1

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

Christianity is tolerated in the Roman Empire

8. Who was the Egyptian ruler who tried to take Roman lands after Caesar’s death? A. Mark Antony B. Cleopatra C. Cicero D. Plato

Control your test anxiety by taking deep, deep breaths.

End of Eastern Roman Empire

7. Who was a celebrated Roman general, statesman, and dictator? A. Julius Caesar B. Augustus Caesar C. Cicero D. Mark Antony

9

10

a.d.

313 476 800 1066 1115 1200s 1453 1400s– 1600s Figure 2

9. Which world event could be on the time line at #3 in Figure 2? A. the Crusades B. the American Revolution C. the Punic Wars D. the Rise of Islam 10. Which world event could be on the time line at #8 in Figure 2? A. the Crusades B. the American Revolution C. the Punic Wars D. the Rise of Islam 11. In the Crusades, European Christians fought against from the Middle East. A. Hebrews B. Hindus C. Muslims D. Palestinians © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Use your time wisely. Answer the questions you know first. Then go back and do those you didn’t know.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: History and Culture (cont.) 12. The was a time of great cultural change after the Middle Ages. A. Dark Ages B. Renaissance C. Reformation D. Age of Discovery Directions: Use the map in Figure 3 for questions 13–16.

F

C

Figure 3

13. Which explorer was the first to see the ocean labeled “H” on the map? Eliminate choices A. Magellan you know are wrong. B. Cortés Then choose from those C. Hudson that are left. If you D. Balboa don’t know the answer, guess!

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: History and Culture (cont.) 14. Whose expedition was the first to sail around the world? A. Magellan’s B. Cortés’ C. Hudson’s D. Balboa’s 15. Whose exploration route is labeled “C” on the map? A. Pizarro B. Dias C. da Gama D. Cabral 16. Who discovered the country marked “F” on the map? A. Pizarro B. Dias C. da Gama D. Cabral 17. The time in which society gradually changed from agriculture to industry is called A. the Scientific Revolution. B. the Industrial Revolution. C. the French Revolution. D. the American Revolution. 18. The revolution in Europe in which the citizens overthrew the monarchy to become a republic is called A. the Scientific Revolution. B. the Industrial Revolution. C. the French Revolution. D. the American Revolution. Examine maps, pictures, drawings, charts, and graphs very carefully.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: History and Culture (cont.)

Directions: Read the selection below, and then choose the words that would correctly fill in the blanks.

The American 19 was fought mainly in the east and southeast of the United States, between eleven Southern, or 20 , states and twenty-three Northern, or 21 , states. The industrialized states of the North had abolished 22 , but the economy of the South was dependent on its slave workforce. When 23 was elected president in 1860, the South feared that he would not only prohibit slavery in the new territories but also abolish it in the South. The Confederate states withdrew from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America with 24 as their president. Lincoln refused to accept their withdrawal and provoked them into firing the first shots at 25 in April 1861. When the war ended four years later, slavery was officially abolished, around four million slaves gained their freedom, and the United States of America once again became one nation. Figure 4

19. A. Revolutionary War C. B. Civil War D.

Korean War Vietnam War

20. A. B.

union C. league D.

confederate alliance

21. A. B.

union C. league D.

confederate alliance

22. A. B.

the military C. cotton D.

farming slavery

23. A. Jefferson Davis C. Ulysses S. Grant B. Abraham Lincoln D. Robert E. Lee 24. A. Jefferson Davis C. Ulysses S. Grant B. Abraham Lincoln D. Robert E. Lee 25. A. Gettysburg C. Fort Sumter B. Vicksburg D. Richmond

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Don’t panic! You aren’t supposed to know everything on the test. Just do your best.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: History and Culture (cont.) 26. A League of Nations was formed as a result of A. the Korean War. B. war in the Middle East. C. World War I. D. Desert Storm. 27. The Jewish Holocaust was part of which conflict? A. the Korean War B. World War I C. World War II D. Middle East 28. This conflict involved no guns or bombs. It was a time of heightened tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. A. Desert Freedom B. Desert Storm C. Vietnam War D. Cold War 29. This struggle between communism and democracy ended after three years without a real victory. A. Cold War If you have time, B. Vietnam War read back over your test, but be C. Desert Storm careful about changing answers. D. Korean War 30. Which happened first? A. Bombing of Pearl Harbor B. Assassination of President Kennedy C. Bay of Pigs invasion D. George W. Bush is elected. 31. Which happened most recently? A. The United States drops the atomic bomb. B. U.S. forces invade Iraq. C. The United States overthrows the government in Panama. D. The United States and Allies force the Taliban out of power in Afghanistan. 32. Which United States space program landed a man on the moon? A. Apollo B. Challenger C. Mercury D. Gemini © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson One: History and Culture (cont.) 33. NATO is A. a powerful labor union. B. an alliance of the United States and European nations. C. a group working against the discrimination of minorities. D. a problem-solving, peacekeeping group of many nations. 34. Of these four presidents, who was president most recently? A. Theodore Roosevelt B. Franklin D. Roosevelt C. Richard Nixon D. Jimmy Carter 35. Which of these first ladies urged her husband to support civil rights and the rights of workers? A. Eleanor Roosevelt B. Jacqueline Kennedy C. Laura Bush D. Lady Bird Johnson



Review

1. Social studies is about people, places, or events and when and how they happened.



2. Control your test anxiety by taking deep, deep breaths.



3. Use your time wisely. Answer the questions you know first. Then go back and do those you didn’t know.



4. Eliminate choices you know are wrong, and then choose from those that are left. If you don’t know the answer, guess!



5. Examine maps, pictures, charts, and graphs very carefully.



6. Don’t panic! You aren’t supposed to know everything on the test. Just do your best.



7. If you have time, read back over your test, but be careful about changing answers.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

92

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Unit Five: Social studies Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics

Directions: Choose the correct answer for each question.

1. The role of the presidential primary is to A. select the president of the United States. B. nominate a party candidate. C. elect the vice president of the United States. D. elect delegates to a party’s national convention.

Stay calm and focused. Don’t let your mind wander.

2. Which President of the United States has been impeached? A. Richard Nixon B. Bill Clinton C. Andrew Johnson D. Both B and C 3. Which group are all members of the president’s Cabinet? A. Secretary of Defense, Minority Whip, Speaker of the House B. Vice President, Secretary of State, Chief Justice C. Secretary of State, Attorney General, Secretary of Labor D. Secretary of Transportation, National Security Advisor, Senate Majority Leader 4. What is the job of the Secretary of State? A. to oversee the defense of the United States B. to oversee the judicial systems of the fifty states C. to take notes at meetings of the Cabinet D. to handle government affairs involving foreign countries 5. Which agency has its offices in the Pentagon? A. CIA B. Department of Defense C. President’s Cabinet D. Department of Homeland Security

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Social studies tests usually include questions about histor y, geography, culture, civics, gover nment, and economics.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics (cont.) Directions: Examine the flow chart in Figure 1 before answering the next questions.

President



1

Speaker of the House

President of the Senate

2



Figure 1

6. In the sequence of presidential succession, who is first? A. the First Lady B. the Attorney General C. the Vice President D. the Secretary of State



Read each question carefully. Read it twice if you have to.

7. Who succeeds if the President of the Senate isn’t able? A. the First Lady B. the Attorney General C. the Vice President D. the Secretary of State 8. For which of these was first lady Rosalynn Smith Carter noted? A. She was the first president’s wife to visit foreign countries on her own. B. She supervised an historic renovation of the White House. C. She traveled throughout the United States talking to young people about her anti-drug campaign, “Say No To Drugs.” D. She was the first president’s wife to graduate college.

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics (cont.) 9. Which of these is the official motto of the United States? A. “We have Just Begun to Fight” B. “She Flies With Her Own Wings” C. “In God We Trust” D. “All for our Country” 10. The first ten amendments added to the U.S. Constitution are the A. Declaration of Independence. B. Constitution. C. Bill of Rights. D. Articles of Confederation.

Read and consider all choices. There may be a better answer farther down the list.

11. All but which one of these is a principle upon which our Government is based? A. hold public office B. inherent rights C. self government D. separation of powers 12. “Fourscore and seven years ago …” is the beginning of A. the Emancipation Proclamation. B. the Gettysburg Address. C. the Declaration of Independence. D. the “I Have a Dream” speech. 13. The U.S. Constitution does all but which one of these? A. defines and limits the power of the national government B. defines the relationship between the national government and individual states C. grants the rights of the citizens of the United States D. permits the granting of titles for the nobility 14. As a citizen of the United States, we A. can vote in national elections if we meet the requirements. B. enjoy the freedoms, protection, and legal rights that the Constitution promises. C. can be called to serve on a jury. D. all of these. 15. A naturalized citizen is A. someone who was born in the United States. B. someone whose parents were born in the United States. C. an immigrant who applies for citizenship and passes a test. D. an immigrant who has lived in the United States for at least 5 years. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics (cont.) 16. The system of checks and balances was designed to A. make it easier for Congress to pay for federal programs. B. keep one branch of the government from overpowering another. C. assign the enforcement of laws to the judicial branch. D. allow the chief executive to select a cabinet. 17. Which is the official religion of the United States? A. Protestant B. Roman Catholic C. Muslim D. There is no official religion.

Choose your answers thoughtfully. More than one answer may be true, but only one answers the question.

18. Which of these women was the first black woman poet in America? A. Phillis Wheatley B. Sojourner Truth C. Harriet Beecher Stowe D. Lucy Stone 19. Who was Sitting Bull? A. a Shawnee Indian chief who fought with the British against the Americans B. a Shoshone Indian woman who traveled with the Lewis and Clark expedition C. a Nez Percé chief who was liked by many whites for his humane conduct D. chief of the Sioux people who fought the U.S. army 20. What is the governmental agency responsible for collecting taxes? A. CIA C. INS B. IRS D. EPA 21. What agency is responsible for the quality of the environment? A. CIA C. INS B. IRS D. EPA 22. The United States’ economic assistance to a foreign country is called A. a handout . C. aid. B. a freebee. D. AGM. 23. The difference between the value of a country’s imports and the value of its exports is its A. black hole. C. blitzkrieg. B. balance of trade. D. boiling point. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics (cont.) 24. Refusal to buy or use goods in order to force others to take some particular action is A. income. C. a benefit B. interest. D. a boycott. 25. A person who is by birth or by choice a member of a particular nation is a(n) A. citizen. C. lobbyist. B. alien. D. soldier. 26. What could you do at an ATM? A. write a check C. B. withdraw money D.

vote take a class

Use all of the time allowed. This is a test, not a race!

27. What would an entrepreneur start? A. a war C. an argument B. a business D. a race 28. What would you find at the U.S. Mint? A. savings bonds C. DVDs B. stock certificates D. coins 29. Which of these would you consult for financial help? A. an economist C. an agronomist B. a zoologist D. a sociologist 30. Things that you would like to have but are not essential to your life are called A. wants. B. profit. C. needs. D. loan.

Review



1. Stay calm and focused. Don’t let your mind wander. 2. Social studies tests usually include questions about history, geography, culture, civics, government, and economics. 3. Read and consider all choices. there may be a better answer farther down the line. 4. Read each question carefully. Read it twice if you have to. 5. Choose your answers thoughtfully. More than one answer may be true, but only one answers the question. 6. Use all of the time allowed. This is a test, not a race!

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Unit Five: Social studies Lesson Three: Geography Directions: Examine the map in Figure 1 before answering the questions.

Figure 1

1. The part of a map that explains the symbols used on the map is called a(n) A. compass rose C. index B. key D. scale 2. A map’s tells you how to measure distances on a map. A. compass rose C. index B. key D. scale 3. Lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole are called meridians of A. latitude. C. elevation. B. longitude. D. parallels. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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Geography includes the study of location, place, movement, humanenvironment interaction, and regions.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.) 4. Lines that run east and west around the earth and measure distance north and south are called parallels of A. latitude. C. elevation. B. longitude. D. parallels. 5. What is the 0 degree line of latitude called? A. parallel C. meridian B. equator D. Prime Meridian 6. What is the 0 degree line of longitude called? A. parallel C. meridian B. equator D. Prime Meridian 7. In the hemisphere that is tilted toward the sun during the earth’s revolution, the season is A. fall. C. winter. B. spring. D. summer. 8. What direction would you be going if you were standing at the North Pole and took a step in any direction? A. north C. east B. south D. west 9. 150°W passes through which of these places? A. Alaska C. Australia B. Mexico D. Russia 10. What archipelago does the equator pass through? A. Hawaiian Islands C. Indonesia B. Bahamas D. Cuba 11. The international date line is located at A. 0° longitude. C. 0° latitude. B. 180° longitude. D. 180° latitude.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

99

Read maps, graphs, tables, charts, and diagrams very carefully.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.) Directions: Examine the map in Figure 2, and then answer the next set of questions.

Figure 2

12. Which of these is correct? A. Four states border California. B. Eight states border Missouri. C. Three states border North Carolina. D. Four states border West Virginia.

Read and consider all answer choices. There may be more than one correct answer, so choose the best answer.

13. Which of these is correct? A. Mississippi is larger than New Mexico. B. Kansas is south of Oklahoma. C. Oregon is smaller than Montana. D. Alaska borders two foreign countries. 14. Which of these is correct? A. NE is directly opposite SW on the compass rose of a map. B. SE is directly opposite NE on the compass rose of a map. C. NW is directly opposite SW on the compass rose of a map. D. SW is directly opposite of SE on the compass rose of a map. 15. Which of these is correct? A. Los Angeles is north of San Diego. C. B. Seattle is on the East Coast. D. © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

100

Boston is south of New York. St. Louis is east of Detroit.

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.)

Directions: Examine the Time Zone Map in Figure 3 before answering the next set of questions.

16. Which of these states is on Mountain time? A. Wisconsin B. California C. Texas D. Utah 17. In which time zone is Ohio? A. Pacific B. Mountain C. Central D. Eastern 18. In which time zone is Alaska? A. Pacific B. Central C. Alaska D. Hawaii 19. If it is 5:00 p.m. in Philadelphia, what time is it in Phoenix? A. 4:00 p.m. B. 3:00 p.m. C. 6:00 p.m. D. 2:00 p.m.

Figure 3

Guess the answer before looking at the choices, and then look to see if your answer is there.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

101

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.) 20. If it is 4:00 a.m. in Honolulu, Hawaii, what time is it in San Diego? A. 6:00 a.m. B. 2:00 a.m. C. 3:00 p.m. D. 5:00 a.m. Directions: Examine the weather chart in Figure 4 before answering the next questions.

Wind Speed

Air temperature (°F)



45 40

25 20 15 10

5

0

-5 -10 -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40

4 mph

45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10

5

0

-5

5 mph

43 37 32 27 22 16 11

6

0

-5 -10 -15 -21 -26 -31 -36 -42 -47 5 mph

10 mph

34 28 22 16 10 3 -3

-9

-15 -22 -27 -34 -40 -46 -52 -58 -64 -71 10 mph

15 mph

29 23 16 9

2

-5 -11 -18 -25 -31 -38 -45 -51 -58 -65 -72 -78 -85 15 mph

20 mph

26 19 12 4

-3

-10 -17 -24 -31 -39 -46 -53 -60 -67 -74 -81 -88 -95 20 mph

25 mph

23 16 8

1

-7

-15 -22 -29 -36 -44 -51 -59 -66 -74 -81 -88 -96 -103 25 mph

30 mph

21 13 6

-2 -10 -18 -25 -33 -41 -49 -56 -64 -71 -79 -86 -93 -101 -109 30 mph

35 mph

20 12 4

-4 -12 -20 -27 -35 -43 -52 -58 -67 -74 -82 -89 -97 -105 -113 35 mph

40 mph

19 11 3

-5 -13 -21 -29 -37 -45 -53 -60 -69 -76 -84 -92 -100 -107 -115 40 mph

45 mph

18 10 2

-6 -14 -22 -30 -38 -45 -54 -62 -70 -78 -85 -93 -102 -109 -117 45 mph

35 30

Unpleasant

Frostbite possible

-10 -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 4 mph

Frostbite likely; outdoor activity becomes dangerous

Exposed flesh will freeze within half a minute for the average person

Figure 4

21. If the wind speed is 20 mph and the air temperature is 5 degrees, what would the windchill reading be? A. 20 degrees B. -25 degrees C. -31 degrees D. -29 degrees

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

102

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.) 22. At the windchill temperature above, which of these would be most true? A. exposed skin would freeze B. frostbite would be likely C. cold but not unpleasant D. frostbite is possible 23. When the wind blows at a speed of 30 mph, at what temperature does outdoor activity become dangerous? A. 10 degrees B. 5 degrees C. 15 degrees D. 20 degrees 24. Which of these cities is most likely to have the lowest windchill reading? A. Minneapolis B. Nashville C. San Diego D. Atlanta 25. At what speed is the wind blowing when the chill factor is -5 degrees and the temperature is 20 degrees? A. 5 mph B. 30 mph C. 10 mph D. 15 mph

When you read a map, be sure you understand the kind of information the map provides.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

103

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.) Directions: Examine the maps in Figures 5 and 5A, and then answer the questions.

N

Figure 5A

The Crossing

E

W S



STRAITS OF

MACKINAW

LAKE MICHIGAN

CENTRAL AVENUE

LAKE HURON

i

MACKINAW CROSSINGS

Central Court

C3

i Information

23 75

Petosky

C5

• T1

P3 P4 P5

T2

P1 F2

T9/10

Theater Court

T12

T13

THE COURTYARD CINEMA

R1

T8

Performance Court

F6 F1

Amphitheater

Restaurant Court

P8 H1 H2 H3 H4

Huron Court P9 H9 H8

LASER SHOW R7 R6

Railroad Court R3 DEPOT

R5 R4

Parking

R2

SHEPLER DRIVE Figure 5

26. Parking is available off of A. Shepler Drive. B. Huron Street. C. Central Avenue. D. all of the above. 27. How many locations for telephones does The Crossings have? A. 3 B. 4 C. 2 D. 1 28. In which court is the nightly laser show? A. Central Court C. Restaurant Court B. Theatre Court D. Performance Court

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

H5

P7

F3 F4 F5

T6

T11 T11 A B

P6

P2

T4/5 T4/6

MACKINAW CENTRAL STAGE THEATER

Parking

LASER LIGHT SHOW Nightly at Dusk

C2

C6

T3 T7

Telephone

HURON STREET

C1B

MACKINAW CITY

Restrooms

HOURS OF OPERATION: Sun. - Thurs. 10 am - 6 pm Fri. & Sat. 10 am - 8 pm

C1A

C4

31

Directory

104

H7 H6

i

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.) 29. If you were in T3, where is the nearest restroom? A. Huron Court B. Amphitheatre C. Restaurant Court D. Courtyard Cinema 30. You are in the video arcade (T4/5) and your mother is in H9. She wants to meet you halfway between the two. Where should you two meet? A. C1A B. R3 C. P9 D. Parking Garage 31. Use Figure 5A to determine which of these roads you would use to go to Mackinaw Crossings if you lived in Petosky. A. 23 B. 75 Use all of the time C. 31 available to you. Go back and D. 2 do the ones you skipped. When all else fails­, make an educated guess.

32. On what lake is Mackinaw Crossings? A. Lake Michigan B. Lake Huron C. Lake Superior D. Lake Erie 33. Where is the Eiffel Tower located? A. Giza, Egypt B. Paris, France C. northern China D. New York City 34. Where is the Statue of Liberty located? A. Giza, Egypt B. Paris, France C. northern China D. New York City 35. Where is the Taj Mahal located? A. Russia B. Italy C. Greece D. India © Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

105

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Unit Five: Social Studies

Name:

Date:

Lesson Three: Geography (cont.)

Review

1. Geography includes the study of location, place, movement, human-environment interaction, and region.



2. Read maps, graphs, tables, charts, and diagrams very carefully.



3. Read and consider all choices. There may be more than one correct answer, so choose the best answer.



4. Guess the answer before looking at the choices, and then look to see if your answer is there.



5. When you read a map, be sure you understand what kind of information the map provides.



6. Use all of the time available to you. Go back and do the ones you skipped. When all else fails, make an educated guess.

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

106

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet

Name:

Date:

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet School: Teacher: Female Male Birth Date Month Day Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Grade

Student Name Last

First

MI

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

A

0

0

0

0

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

1

1

1

1

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

2

2

2

2

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

3

3

3

3

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

4

4

4

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

5

5

5

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

6

6

6

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

7

7

7

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

8

8

8

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

9

9

9

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

4

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

5

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

6

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

7

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

8

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

9

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Unit One: Reading

Lesson One: Vocabulary

1. A B C D

12. A B C D

23. A B C D

34. A B C D

45. A B C D

2. A B C D

13. A B C D

24. A B C D

35. A B C D

46. A B C D

3. A B C D

14. A B C D

25. A B C D

36. A B C D

47. A B C D

4. A B C D

15. A B C D

26. A B C D

37. A B C D

48. A B C D

5. A B C D

16. A B C D

27. A B C D

38. A B C D

49. A B C D

6. A B C D

17. A B C D

28. A B C D

39. A B C D

50. A B C D

7. A B C D

18. A B C D

29. A B C D

40. A B C D

51. A B C D

8. A B C D

19. A B C D

30. A B C D

41. A B C D

52. A B C D

9. A B C D

20. A B C D

31. A B C D

42. A B C D

53. A B C D

10. A B C D

21. A B C D

32. A B C D

43. A B C D

54. A B C D

11. A B C D

22. A B C D

33. A B C D

44. A B C D

55. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

107

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Name:

Date:

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet Unit One: Reading

Lesson Two: Word Analysis

1. A B C D

14. A B C D

27. A B C D

40. A B C D

53. A B C D

2. A B C D

15. A B C D

28. A B C D

41. A B C D

54. A B C D

3. A B C D

16. A B C D

29. A B C D

42. A B C D

55. A B C D

4. A B C D

17. A B C D

30. A B C D

43. A B C D

56. A B C D

5. A B C D

18. A B C D

31. A B C D

44. A B C D

57. A B C D

6. A B C D

19. A B C D

32. A B C D

45. A B C D

58. A B C D

7. A B C D

20. A B C D

33. A B C D

46. A B C D

59. A B C D

8. A B C D

21. A B C D

34. A B C D

47. A B C D

60. A B C D

9. A B C D

22. A B C D

35. A B C D

48. A B C D

61. A B C D

10. A B C D

23. A B C D

36. A B C D

49. A B C D

62. A B C D

11. A B C D

24. A B C D

37. A B C D

50. A B C D

63. A B C D

12. A B C D

25. A B C D

38. A B C D

51. A B C D

64. A B C D

13. A B C D

26. A B C D

39. A B C D

52. A B C D

65. A B C D

Unit One: Reading

Lesson Three: Comprehension

1. A B C D

11. A B C D

21. A B C D

31. A B C D

41. A B C D

2. A B C D

12. A B C D

22. A B C D

32. A B C D

42. A B C D

3. A B C D

13. A B C D

23. A B C D

33. A B C D

43. A B C D

4. A B C D

14. A B C D

24. A B C D

34. A B C D

44. A B C D

5. A B C D

15. A B C D

25. A B C D

35. A B C D

45. A B C D

6. A B C D

16. A B C D

26. A B C D

36. A B C D

46. A B C D

7. A B C D

17. A B C D

27. A B C D

37. A B C D

47. A B C D

8. A B C D

18. A B C D

28. A B C D

38. A B C D

48. A B C D

9. A B C D

19. A B C D

29. A B C D

39. A B C D

49. A B C D

10. A B C D

20. A B C D

30. A B C D

40. A B C D

50. A B C D

Unit Two: Language

Lesson One: Mechanics

1. A B C D

9. A B C D

17. A B C D

25. A B C D

33. A B C D

2. A B C D

10. A B C D

18. A B C D

26. A B C D

34. A B C D

3. A B C D

11. A B C D

19. A B C D

27. A B C D

35. A B C D

4. A B C D

12. A B C D

20. A B C D

28. A B C D

36. A B C D

5. A B C D

13. A B C D

21. A B C D

29. A B C D

37. A B C D

6. A B C D

14. A B C D

22. A B C D

30. A B C D

38. A B C D

7. A B C D

15. A B C D

23. A B C D

31. A B C D

39. A B C D

8. A B C D

16. A B C D

24. A B C D

32. A B C D

40. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

108

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Name:

Date:

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet Unit Two: Language

Lesson Two: Expression

1. A B C D

8. A B C D

15. A B C D

22. A B C D

29. A B C D

2. A B C D

9. A B C D

16. A B C D

23. A B C D

30. A B C D

3. A B C D

10. A B C D

17. A B C D

24. A B C D

31. A B C D

4. A B C D

11. A B C D

18. A B C D

25. A B C D

32. A B C D

5. A B C D

12. A B C D

19. A B C D

26. A B C D

33. A B C D

6. A B C D

13. A B C D

20. A B C D

27. A B C D

34. A B C D

7. A B C D

14. A B C D

21. A B C D

28. A B C D

35. A B C D

Unit Two: Language

Lesson Three: Information Skills

1. A B C D

9. A B C D

17. A B C D

25. A B C D

33. A B C D

2. A B C D

10. A B C D

18. A B C D

26. A B C D

34. A B C D

3. A B C D

11. A B C D

19. A B C D

27. A B C D

35. A B C D

4. A B C D

12. A B C D

20. A B C D

28. A B C D

36. A B C D

5. A B C D

13. A B C D

21. A B C D

29. A B C D

37. A B C D

6. A B C D

14. A B C D

22. A B C D

30. A B C D

38. A B C D

7. A B C D

15. A B C D

23. A B C D

31. A B C D

39. A B C D

8. A B C D

16. A B C D

24. A B C D

32. A B C D

40. A B C D

Unit Three: Mathematics

Lesson One: Concepts

1. A B C D

7. A B C D

13. A B C D

19. A B C D

25. A B C D

2. A B C D

8. A B C D

14. A B C D

20. A B C D

26. A B C D

3. A B C D

9. A B C D

15. A B C D

21. A B C D

27. A B C D

4. A B C D

10. A B C D

16. A B C D

22. A B C D

28. A B C D

5. A B C D

11. A B C D

17. A B C D

23. A B C D

29. A B C D

6. A B C D

12. A B C D

18. A B C D

24. A B C D

30. A B C D

Unit Three: Mathematics

Lesson Two: Computation

1. A B C D

9. A B C D

17. A B C D

25. A B C D

33. A B C D

2. A B C D

10. A B C D

18. A B C D

26. A B C D

34. A B C D

3. A B C D

11. A B C D

19. A B C D

27. A B C D

35. A B C D

4. A B C D

12. A B C D

20. A B C D

28. A B C D

36. A B C D

5. A B C D

13. A B C D

21. A B C D

29. A B C D

37. A B C D

6. A B C D

14. A B C D

22. A B C D

30. A B C D

38. A B C D

7. A B C D

15. A B C D

23. A B C D

31. A B C D

39. A B C D

8. A B C D

16. A B C D

24. A B C D

32. A B C D

40. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

109

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Name:

Date:

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet Unit Three: Mathematics

Lesson Three: Problem Solving and Reasoning

1. A B C D

5. A B C D

9. A B C D

13. A B C D

17. A B C D

2. A B C D

6. A B C D

10. A B C D

14. A B C D

18. A B C D

3. A B C D

7. A B C D

11. A B C D

15. A B C D

19. A B C D

4. A B C D

8. A B C D

12. A B C D

16. A B C D

20. A B C D

Unit Four: Science

Lesson One: Process and Inquiry

1. A B C D

6. A B C D

11. A B C D

16. A B C D

21. A B C D

2. A B C D

7. A B C D

12. A B C D

17. A B C D

22. A B C D

3. A B C D

8. A B C D

13. A B C D

18. A B C D

23. A B C D

4. A B C D

9. A B C D

14. A B C D

19. A B C D

24. A B C D

5. A B C D

10. A B C D

15. A B C D

20. A B C D

25. A B C D

Unit Four: Science

Lesson Two: Concepts

1. A B C D

7. A B C D

13. A B C D

19. A B C D

25. A B C D

2. A B C D

8. A B C D

14. A B C D

20. A B C D

26. A B C D

3. A B C D

9. A B C D

15. A B C D

21. A B C D

27. A B C D

4. A B C D

10. A B C D

16. A B C D

22. A B C D

28. A B C D

5. A B C D

11. A B C D

17. A B C D

23. A B C D

29. A B C D

6. A B C D

12. A B C D

18. A B C D

24. A B C D

30. A B C D

Unit Five: Social Studies

Lesson One: History and Culture

1. A B C D

8. A B C D

15. A B C D

22. A B C D

29. A B C D

2. A B C D

9. A B C D

16. A B C D

23. A B C D

30. A B C D

3. A B C D

10. A B C D

17. A B C D

24. A B C D

31. A B C D

4. A B C D

11. A B C D

18. A B C D

25. A B C D

32. A B C D

5. A B C D

12. A B C D

19. A B C D

26. A B C D

33. A B C D

6. A B C D

13. A B C D

20. A B C D

27. A B C D

34. A B C D

7. A B C D

14. A B C D

21. A B C D

28. A B C D

35. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

110

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Name:

Date:

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Sheet Unit Five: Social Studies

Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics

1. A B C D

7. A B C D

13. A B C D

19. A B C D

25. A B C D

2. A B C D

8. A B C D

14. A B C D

20. A B C D

26. A B C D

3. A B C D

9. A B C D

15. A B C D

21. A B C D

27. A B C D

4. A B C D

10. A B C D

16. A B C D

22. A B C D

28. A B C D

5. A B C D

11. A B C D

17. A B C D

23. A B C D

29. A B C D

6. A B C D

12. A B C D

18. A B C D

24. A B C D

30. A B C D

Unit Five: Social Studies

Lesson Three: Geography

1. A B C D

8. A B C D

15. A B C D

22. A B C D

29. A B C D

2. A B C D

9. A B C D

16. A B C D

23. A B C D

30. A B C D

3. A B C D

10. A B C D

17. A B C D

24. A B C D

31. A B C D

4. A B C D

11. A B C D

18. A B C D

25. A B C D

32. A B C D

5. A B C D

12. A B C D

19. A B C D

26. A B C D

33. A B C D

6. A B C D

13. A B C D

20. A B C D

27. A B C D

34. A B C D

7. A B C D

14. A B C D

21. A B C D

28. A B C D

35. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

111

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key School: Teacher: Female Male Birth Date Month Day Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Grade

Student Name Last

First

MI

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

A

0

0

0

0

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

1

1

1

1

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

2

2

2

2

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

3

3

3

3

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

4

4

4

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

5

5

5

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

6

6

6

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

7

7

7

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

8

8

8

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

9

9

9

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

4

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

5

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

6

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

7

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

8

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

9

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Unit One: Reading

Lesson One: Vocabulary

1. A B C D

12. A B C D

23. A B C D

34. A B C D

45. A B C D

2. A B C D

13. A B C D

24. A B C D

35. A B C D

46. A B C D

3. A B C D

14. A B C D

25. A B C D

36. A B C D

47. A B C D

4. A B C D

15. A B C D

26. A B C D

37. A B C D

48. A B C D

5. A B C D

16. A B C D

27. A B C D

38. A B C D

49. A B C D

6. A B C D

17. A B C D

28. A B C D

39. A B C D

50. A B C D

7. A B C D

18. A B C D

29. A B C D

40. A B C D

51. A B C D

8. A B C D

19. A B C D

30. A B C D

41. A B C D

52. A B C D

9. A B C D

20. A B C D

31. A B C D

42. A B C D

53. A B C D

10. A B C D

21. A B C D

32. A B C D

43. A B C D

54. A B C D

11. A B C D

22. A B C D

33. A B C D

44. A B C D

55. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

112

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key Unit One: Reading

Lesson Two: Word Analysis

1. A B C D

14. A B C D

27. A B C D

40. A B C D

53. A B C D

2. A B C D

15. A B C D

28. A B C D

41. A B C D

54. A B C D

3. A B C D

16. A B C D

29. A B C D

42. A B C D

55. A B C D

4. A B C D

17. A B C D

30. A B C D

43. A B C D

56. A B C D

5. A B C D

18. A B C D

31. A B C D

44. A B C D

57. A B C D

6. A B C D

19. A B C D

32. A B C D

45. A B C D

58. A B C D

7. A B C D

20. A B C D

33. A B C D

46. A B C D

59. A B C D

8. A B C D

21. A B C D

34. A B C D

47. A B C D

60. A B C D

9. A B C D

22. A B C D

35. A B C D

48. A B C D

61. A B C D

10. A B C D

23. A B C D

36. A B C D

49. A B C D

62. A B C D

11. A B C D

24. A B C D

37. A B C D

50. A B C D

63. A B C D

12. A B C D

25. A B C D

38. A B C D

51. A B C D

64. A B C D

13. A B C D

26. A B C D

39. A B C D

52. A B C D

65. A B C D

Unit One: Reading

Lesson Three: Comprehension

1. A B C D

11. A B C D

21. A B C D

31. A B C D

41. A B C D

2. A B C D

12. A B C D

22. A B C D

32. A B C D

42. A B C D

3. A B C D

13. A B C D

23. A B C D

33. A B C D

43. A B C D

4. A B C D

14. A B C D

24. A B C D

34. A B C D

44. A B C D

5. A B C D

15. A B C D

25. A B C D

35. A B C D

45. A B C D

6. A B C D

16. A B C D

26. A B C D

36. A B C D

46. A B C D

7. A B C D

17. A B C D

27. A B C D

37. A B C D

47. A B C D

8. A B C D

18. A B C D

28. A B C D

38. A B C D

48. A B C D

9. A B C D

19. A B C D

29. A B C D

39. A B C D

49. A B C D

10. A B C D

20. A B C D

30. A B C D

40. A B C D

50. A B C D

Unit Two: Language

Lesson One: Mechanics

1. A B C D

9. A B C D

17. A B C D

25. A B C D

33. A B C D

2. A B C D

10. A B C D

18. A B C D

26. A B C D

34. A B C D

3. A B C D

11. A B C D

19. A B C D

27. A B C D

35. A B C D

4. A B C D

12. A B C D

20. A B C D

28. A B C D

36. A B C D

5. A B C D

13. A B C D

21. A B C D

29. A B C D

37. A B C D

6. A B C D

14. A B C D

22. A B C D

30. A B C D

38. A B C D

7. A B C D

15. A B C D

23. A B C D

31. A B C D

39. A B C D

8. A B C D

16. A B C D

24. A B C D

32. A B C D

40. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

113

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key Unit Two: Language

Lesson Two: Expression

1. A B C D

8. A B C D

15. A B C D

22. A B C D

29. A B C D

2. A B C D

9. A B C D

16. A B C D

23. A B C D

30. A B C D

3. A B C D

10. A B C D

17. A B C D

24. A B C D

31. A B C D

4. A B C D

11. A B C D

18. A B C D

25. A B C D

32. A B C D

5. A B C D

12. A B C D

19. A B C D

26. A B C D

33. A B C D

6. A B C D

13. A B C D

20. A B C D

27. A B C D

34. A B C D

7. A B C D

14. A B C D

21. A B C D

28. A B C D

35. A B C D

Unit Two: Language

Lesson Three: Information Skills

1. A B C D

9. A B C D

17. A B C D

25. A B C D

33. A B C D

2. A B C D

10. A B C D

18. A B C D

26. A B C D

34. A B C D

3. A B C D

11. A B C D

19. A B C D

27. A B C D

35. A B C D

4. A B C D

12. A B C D

20. A B C D

28. A B C D

36. A B C D

5. A B C D

13. A B C D

21. A B C D

29. A B C D

37. A B C D

6. A B C D

14. A B C D

22. A B C D

30. A B C D

38. A B C D

7. A B C D

15. A B C D

23. A B C D

31. A B C D

39. A B C D

8. A B C D

16. A B C D

24. A B C D

32. A B C D

40. A B C D

Unit Three: Mathematics

Lesson One: Concepts

1. A B C D

7. A B C D

13. A B C D

19. A B C D

25. A B C D

2. A B C D

8. A B C D

14. A B C D

20. A B C D

26. A B C D

3. A B C D

9. A B C D

15. A B C D

21. A B C D

27. A B C D

4. A B C D

10. A B C D

16. A B C D

22. A B C D

28. A B C D

5. A B C D

11. A B C D

17. A B C D

23. A B C D

29. A B C D

6. A B C D

12. A B C D

18. A B C D

24. A B C D

30. A B C D

Unit Three: Mathematics

Lesson Two: Computation

1. A B C D

9. A B C D

17. A B C D

25. A B C D

33. A B C D

2. A B C D

10. A B C D

18. A B C D

26. A B C D

34. A B C D

3. A B C D

11. A B C D

19. A B C D

27. A B C D

35. A B C D

4. A B C D

12. A B C D

20. A B C D

28. A B C D

36. A B C D

5. A B C D

13. A B C D

21. A B C D

29. A B C D

37. A B C D

6. A B C D

14. A B C D

22. A B C D

30. A B C D

38. A B C D

7. A B C D

15. A B C D

23. A B C D

31. A B C D

39. A B C D

8. A B C D

16. A B C D

24. A B C D

32. A B C D

40. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

114

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key Unit Three: Mathematics

Lesson Three: Problem Solving and Reasoning

1. A B C D

5. A B C D

9. A B C D

13. A B C D

17. A B C D

2. A B C D

6. A B C D

10. A B C D

14. A B C D

18. A B C D

3. A B C D

7. A B C D

11. A B C D

15. A B C D

19. A B C D

4. A B C D

8. A B C D

12. A B C D

16. A B C D

20. A B C D

Unit Four: Science

Lesson One: Process and Inquiry

1. A B C D

6. A B C D

11. A B C D

16. A B C D

21. A B C D

2. A B C D

7. A B C D

12. A B C D

17. A B C D

22. A B C D

3. A B C D

8. A B C D

13. A B C D

18. A B C D

23. A B C D

4. A B C D

9. A B C D

14. A B C D

19. A B C D

24. A B C D

5. A B C D

10. A B C D

15. A B C D

20. A B C D

25. A B C D

Unit Four: Science

Lesson Two: Concepts

1. A B C D

7. A B C D

13. A B C D

19. A B C D

25. A B C D

2. A B C D

8. A B C D

14. A B C D

20. A B C D

26. A B C D

3. A B C D

9. A B C D

15. A B C D

21. A B C D

27. A B C D

4. A B C D

10. A B C D

16. A B C D

22. A B C D

28. A B C D

5. A B C D

11. A B C D

17. A B C D

23. A B C D

29. A B C D

6. A B C D

12. A B C D

18. A B C D

24. A B C D

30. A B C D

Unit Five: Social Studies

Lesson One: History and Culture

1. A B C D

8. A B C D

15. A B C D

22. A B C D

29. A B C D

2. A B C D

9. A B C D

16. A B C D

23. A B C D

30. A B C D

3. A B C D

10. A B C D

17. A B C D

24. A B C D

31. A B C D

4. A B C D

11. A B C D

18. A B C D

25. A B C D

32. A B C D

5. A B C D

12. A B C D

19. A B C D

26. A B C D

33. A B C D

6. A B C D

13. A B C D

20. A B C D

27. A B C D

34. A B C D

7. A B C D

14. A B C D

21. A B C D

28. A B C D

35. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

115

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key

Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grade 7

Standardized Testing Grade 7 Answer Key Unit Five: Social Studies

Lesson Two: Civics, Government, and Economics

1. A B C D

7. A B C D

13. A B C D

19. A B C D

25. A B C D

2. A B C D

8. A B C D

14. A B C D

20. A B C D

26. A B C D

3. A B C D

9. A B C D

15. A B C D

21. A B C D

27. A B C D

4. A B C D

10. A B C D

16. A B C D

22. A B C D

28. A B C D

5. A B C D

11. A B C D

17. A B C D

23. A B C D

29. A B C D

6. A B C D

12. A B C D

18. A B C D

24. A B C D

30. A B C D

Unit Five: Social Studies

Lesson Three: Geography

1. A B C D

8. A B C D

15. A B C D

22. A B C D

29. A B C D

2. A B C D

9. A B C D

16. A B C D

23. A B C D

30. A B C D

3. A B C D

10. A B C D

17. A B C D

24. A B C D

31. A B C D

4. A B C D

11. A B C D

18. A B C D

25. A B C D

32. A B C D

5. A B C D

12. A B C D

19. A B C D

26. A B C D

33. A B C D

6. A B C D

13. A B C D

20. A B C D

27. A B C D

34. A B C D

7. A B C D

14. A B C D

21. A B C D

28. A B C D

35. A B C D

© Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

116

About the Author Dr. Janet Sitter is an experienced teacher, teacher educator, and author. She has prepared hundreds of teachers in her role as a professor of teacher education for over 20 years. She has taught all grades K–12, initially focusing on the middle grades. Dr. Sitter has authored several curriculum books. She holds a BA, MA, and Ph.D. from Michigan State University where she was educated at the institute for research on teaching.

Look for these Mark Twain Media books for grades 4–8+ at your local teacher bookstore.

* * * * * * * * *

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CD-1828 CD-1829 CD-1830 CD-1832 CD-1835 CD-1837 CD-1839 CD-1860 CD-1873 CD-1885 CD-1886 CD-1887 CD-1888 CD-1899 CD-1301 CD-1302 CD-1309 CD-1316 CD-1318 CD-1323 CD-1326 CD-1336 CD-1360 CD-1361 CD-1367 CD-1385 CD-1392

SCIENCE

Meteorology Earthquakes & Volcanoes Science Experiments: Chem./Physics Science Experiments: Earth Science Science Experiments: Biology/Ecology The Atom Physical Science Resourceful Rain Forest Microorganisms Science Fair Projects Your Body and How It Works Elements and the Periodic Table Learning About Invertebrates Simple Machines Chemistry Atmosphere and Weather Rocks and Minerals Electricity and Magnetism Learning About DNA Light and Color Sound Learning About Atoms The Solar System Learning About Vertebrates Learning About Our Solar System Jumpstarters for Science Science Tutor: Chemistry Science Tutor: Life Science Science Tutor: Physical Science Science Tutor: Earth & Space Science Easy Science Experiments: Weather Easy Science Experiments: The Earth's Surface Easy Science Experiments: Water, Airplanes, … Learning About Cells Amazing Facts About Mammals Amazing Facts in Science Discovering Ecology Life Science Quest for Middle Grades Jumpstarters for Life Science Jumpstarters for Meteorology Strengthening Physical Science Skills Introducing Physical Science Gr. 4–6 Forensic Investigations Daily Skill Builders: Physical Science Daily Skill Builders: General Science Developing Science Writing Skills Understanding the Human Body Jumpstarters for Properties of Matter Jumpstarters for Science Vocabulary Science Vocabulary Building: Gr. 3–5 Science Vocabulary Building: Gr. 5–8

SOCIAL STUDIES

Civil War: The War Between the States Greek and Roman Mythology Medieval Times: 325-1453 Explorers of the New World World War II The Industrial Revolution Egypt and the Middle East Democracy, Law, and Justice Seven Wonders of the World and More Economics and You Mayan, Incan, and Aztec Civilizations The American Revolution Greek and Roman Civilizations Holocaust South America Renaissance Elections Africa Basic Economics Mexico Personal Finance U.S. History Maps U.S. Constitution: Preparing for the Test 50 U.S. States and Territories World Civilizations and Cultures Amazing Facts in U.S. History Constitutional Puzzlers

CD-1395 CD-1396 CD-1397 CD-1525 CD-1526 CD-1527 CD-1528 CD-1529 CD-1530 CD-1531 CD-1532 CD-1533 CD-1550 CD-1556 CD-1560 CD-1561 CD-1562 CD-1563 CD-1572 CD-1584 CD-404026 CD-404031 CD-404032 CD-404033 CD-404036 CD-404037 CD-404038 CD-404039 CD-404040 CD-404080 CD-404096 * CD-404099 * CD-404100

Discovering and Exploring the Americas Life in the Colonies The American Revolution The California Gold Rush The Lewis and Clark Expedition The Oregon and Santa Fe Trails The Westward Movement Abraham Lincoln and His Times Industrialization in America Slavery in the United States The American Civil War The Reconstruction Era We the People: Government in America The RoaringTwenties/Great Depression Coming to America: Immigration America in the 1960s and 1970s America in the 1980s and 1990s World War II and the Post-War Years Understanding Investment/Stock Market Amazing Facts in World History Jumpstarters for U.S. History Jumpstarters for the U.S. Constitution Wonders: A Journey Around the World Mysteries: A Journey Around the World U.S. History: People Who Helped Make the Republic Great: 1620–Present U.S. History: Inventors, Scientists, Artists, & Authors U.S. History: People and Events in African-American History U.S. History: People and Events: 1607–1865 U.S. History: People and Events: 1865–Present Jumpstarters for World History Economic Literacy Jumpstarters for U.S. Government Understanding the U.S. Constitution

GEOGRAPHY

CD-1551 World Geography CD-1555 Exploring Asia CD-1556 Exploring Africa CD-1566 Exploring Europe CD-1567 Exploring South America CD-1569 Exploring North America CD-1570 Exploring Antarctica CD-1571 Exploring Australia CD-1573–CD-1576 Discovering the World of Geography: Grades 4–8 CD-404060 Jumpstarters for Geography CD-404095 Daily Skill Builders: World Geography

LANGUAGE ARTS

CD-1850 How to Prepare and Give a Speech CD-1857 Grammar and Composition CD-1300 Phonics for Middle-Grade Students CD-1381 Confusing Words CD-1382 Synonyms and Antonyms CD-1383 Using a Dictionary CD-1393 Proofreading CD-1394 Story Writing CD-1399 Poetry Writing CD-1543–CD-1546, CD-1553 Writing Engagement: Grades 4–8 CD-1549 Report and Term Paper Writing CD-1554 English Warm-ups CD-1590–CD-1595 Student Booster Writing series CD-1620–CD-1624 Reading Tutor series CD-404008 Diagraming Sentences CD-404011 Jumpstarters for Grammar CD-404012 L.A. Tutor: Capitalization/Punctuation CD-404013 Language Arts Tutor: Grammar CD-404015–CD-404019 Reading Engagement: Grades 3–8 CD-404027 Jumpstarters for Writing CD-404035 Lessons in Writing CD-404051 Writing a Persuasive Essay CD-404053 Jumpstarters for Language Arts CD-404054 Jumpstarters for Vocabulary Building CD-404055 Adventures in Writing CD-404061–CD-404063 Daily Skill Builders: Grammar: Grades 3–6

CD-404064–CD-404066 Daily Skill Builders: Spelling & Phonics: Grades 3–6 CD-404067–CD-404069 Daily Skill Builders: Vocabulary: Grades 3–6 CD-404070–CD-404072 Daily Skill Builders: Reading: Grades 3–6 CD-404073 Jumpstarters for Figurative Language CD-404078 Jumpstarters for Capitalization & Punctuation CD-404081 Jumpstarters for Root Words, Prefixes, & Suffixes * CD-404111 Using Graphic Organizers: Gr. 4–5 * CD-404112 Using Graphic Organizers: Gr. 5–6 * CD-404113 Using Graphic Organizers: Gr. 6–8

STUDY SKILLS

CD-1859 Improving Study & Test-Taking Skills CD-1898 Listening Skills CD-1321 Library Skills CD-1597 Note Taking: Lessons to Improve Research Skills & Test Scores CD-1625–CD-1630 Preparing Students for Standardized Testing: Grades 3–8

MATH

CD-1874 Algebra CD-1879 Statistics and Probability CD-1310 Understanding Graphs & Charts CD-1325 Pre-Calculus CD-1331 Applying Pre-Algebra CD-1332 Basic Geometry CD-1333 Fractions, Decimals, and Percentages CD-1578–CD-1582 Math Engagement: Gr. 4–8 CD-1589 Math Projects CD-1615–CD-1619 Math Tutor series CD-404009 Math Challenges CD-404020 Helping Students Understand Algebra CD-404021 Helping Sts. Understand Pre-Algebra CD-404022 Jumpstarters for Algebra CD-404023 Jumpstarters for Math CD-404028 Helping Students Understand Algebra II CD-404029 Helping Students Understand Geometry CD-404030 Jumpstarters for Pre-Algebra CD-404041 Pre-Algebra Practice CD-404042 Algebra Practice CD-404043 Algebra II Practice CD-404044 Geometry Practice CD-404057 Jumpstarters for Fractions & Decimals CD-404058 Jumpstarters for Geometry CD-404059 Jumpstarters for Math Word Problems CD-404074 Math Logic CD-404083 Daily Skill Builders: Algebra CD-404084 Daily Skill Builders: Division CD-404085 Daily Skill Builders: Fractions & Decimals CD-404086 Daily Skill Builders: Pre-Algebra CD-404087 Daily Skill Builders: Word Problems CD-404088 Exploring Fractions CD-404089 Math Reference for Middle Grades * CD-404101 Pre-Algebra

FINE ARTS

Music: a.d. 450–1995 Great Artists and Musicians American Popular Music Theater Through the Ages Music of Many Cultures Musical Instruments of the World Everyday Art for the Classroom

CD-1890 CD-1891 CD-1892 CD-1893 CD-1894 CD-1596 CD-1632

HEALTH & WELL-BEING

CD-1895 CD-1897 CD-1819 CD-1339 CD-404079 CD-404090 * CD-404106

Life Skills Promoting Positive Values Health, Wellness, and Physical Fitness Developing Life Skills Jumpstarters for the Human Body Healthy Eating and Exercise Jumpstarters for Nutrition & Exercise

CROSS-CURRICULUM

CD-1306 Career Search CD-404056 Using Primary Sources CD-404075 Research

*Denotes New Release