Films Division Catalogue of Films, 1949-1972


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FILMS DIVISION CATALOGUE OF FILMS 1949-1972

FILMS DIVISION Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Government of India BOMBAY

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Co -ordination

Compilation & Editing

Pramod Pati

V. N. Gulawani assisted by

K. M. K. Rao Smt. Madhavi Shetty Classification and Indexing M. N. R. Khan Afridi Cover Design

M. S. Ganpule Colour Designs and Page Layouts V. K. Wankhede Photographic work P. D. Bhishma

M. V. Deshmukh Production

Films marked with asterisk (•) both in the main catalogue, Addenda of 1971-72, as well as in the index, are non-publicity films produced for the exclusive use of the Defence Organ isation. These films are not available from Films Division on loan or for sale. Enquiries if any, with regard to these films should be addressed to the Director, Armed Forces Film and Photo Division, Ministry of Defence, New Delhi-110011.

Films Division, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. Government of India, 24, Dr. G. Deshmukh Marg (Peddar Road). Bombay-400026, India. Publishers Difectorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Government of India, New Delhi. Printers Sree Saraswaty Press Ltd., Calcutta-700009.

This Catalogue has been published on the occasion of the Silver Jubilee of the Films Division.

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FILMS DIVISION CATALOGUE 1949-72

TABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT THE CATALOGUE/I FILMS DIVISION/II

CLASSIFIED LIST OF FILMS AGRICULTURE/1 (Animal Husbandry/Farming/Forestry/ Horticulture/Miscellaneous) ARCHAEOLOGY AND MONUMENTS/37 ARTS/47 (Dance/ Decorative Arts/ Drama/ Music/ Paintings) BIOGRAPHY/61 (Exponents of Performing Arts & Creative Artists/ Freedom Fighters & Nation aI Leaders/ Great Reformers/ Poets/ Scientists/Social Reformers/ Sportsmen) CHILDREN'S FILMS/75 CIVIC EDUCATION/79 CLASS ROOM FILMS/89 COINS, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES/93 COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND CO-OPERATION/95 COTTAGE INDUSTRIES/113 CRAFTS/117 CURRENT HISTORY/121 DEFENCE/127 (Air Force/Army/Defence Effort/Navy/ Miscellaneous) EDUCATION AND YOUTH ACTIVITIES/151 EXPERIMENTAL FILMS/171 FESTIVALS/177 FISHERIES/181 FIVE YEAR PLANS AND THEIR PROJECTS/ 183 (General/ Industrial Projects/ Irrigation & Power Projects) FOOD/199 GEOGRAPHY AND TRAVEL/205 GOVERNMENT AND CITIZENSHIP/235 HEALTH AND HYGIENE/251 (Family Planning)

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HOUSING/285 INDUSTRY/287 INTERNATIONAL SCENE/309 (Important Visitors to India/ Important Visits/United Miscellaneous)

Nations/

LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT/355 NATURAL RESOURCES/363 PEOPLE OF INDIA/367 RELIEF AND REHABILITATION/375 SAVINGS/383 (Bank Nationalisation/Insurance/Units) SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY/395 (Atomic Energy/Natural Sciences) SOCIAL WELFARE/405 (Child Welfare/Women Welfare) SPORTS, PASTIME AND RECREATION/415 TRADE AND COMMERCE/423 TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS/429 (Aviation/ Posts and Telecommunications/ Railways/ Railways-Instructional Films/ Road Transport/Shipping/Some Mass Communication Media/ Miscellaneous) APPENDICES (i) Television Fillers/455 (ii) Donation Films/ 461 (iii) State Government Films/472 (iv) International Film Awards/4 76 (v) Indian Film Awards/517 (a) National Awards for Films/517 (b) International Film Festivals of lndia/523 (c) Other Indian Film Awards/ 525 (vi) Films Division Offices/526 ( vii) Field Publicity Offices/ 527 (viii) Indian Missions/Posts in Foreign Countries/536 (ix) Some Facts and Figures/539 (x) Films Withdrawn from Circulation/544 ADDENDA Films Produced in 1971 /551 Films Produced in 1972/567 INDICES/591

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I

ABOUT THE CATALOGUE

"If one had the hardihood, and could screen the entire output of Films Division since 1949, one would incidentally be witness to a historical account of the whole evolution of contemporary India since Independence. All the projects, plans, developments, events, crises, upsets, good advice, national campaigns, urgings and scoldings and songs of praise and delight in India's formidable heritage,-all are reflected in the films and newsreels, week to week. India's story is there on film. So is the mood of the times, of each season, of determination, grim purpose, ebullience, success, setback and disaster, emergency and crisis, accomplishment and pride. The filmr hava mirrored not onf'/ the national events but the national mood, shihing and changing from year to year as events swept onward" JAMES BEVERIDGE

The films listed in this catalogue cover the varied facets of Indian life, thought and cu lture. Observers of the Indian scene who want to keep abreast of contemporary changes will find in these films a true mirror of the Indian panorama and a faithful reportage of almost every aspect of life in the country.

A majority of the films listed in this catalogue were produced by the Films Division through its own production units. Some films were produced by independent producers for the Films Division. Films on subjects of public interest are sometimes acquired from outside agencies including the State Governments and commercial organisations. These are distributed by the Films Division. Such films have also been listed in the catalogue. The Division encourages experimentation as a matter of policy. Apart from the film makers of this Division, eminent persons in other disciplines of art are also encouraged to experiment within the frame-work of the Division. T-he results of these experiments have been rewarding. A list of such films is separately given under the category of " Experimental Films". The films produced by the Films Division have won awards and recognitions in many national and international film festivals. A list of films which have been shown in the various f ilm competitions including those that have won awards is given separately in the catalogue. The catalogue has been classified under 35 main and 45 sub-headings. These have been arranged in an alphabetical order. An alphabetical index of all film titles will be found at the end of the catalogue. K. L KHANDPUR Controller-cum-Chief Producer Films Division Bombay

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FILMS DIVISION

The Films Division is the central film producing organisation of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. It is responsible for production and distribution of newsreels, documentaries and other films required by the Government of India for public information, education, motivation and for instructional and cultural purposes. The aim of the Films Division is to mobilise the use of the dynamic medium of the film to disseminate information to the broadest spectrum of the Indian and foreign audiences and to focus attention on important aspects of country's life with a view to bringing about enlightened participation in the affairs of the nation and objective appreciation of facts, events and personalities. The aim of the films produced for use abroad is to project an objective image of the country to secure proper appreciation in foreign countries. Yet another aim of the Division is to assist the growth and development of the documentary film as a medium of education and communication. This organisation is the largest single documentary film producing unit 1n India and one of the largest of its kind in the world. The Films Division was established in 1948 on a modest scale producing 28 films in the first year. It now produces ·about 200 films a year, in other words, on an average it turns out about four films every week. The production headquarters of the Division are located in Bombay. In addition, there is a ragional production office located in New Delhi wh ich looks after the production of training films for the Ministry of Defence and also specialised films on Food and Agriculture. A film library with an attached auditorium is also located in Delhi. The Films Division produces newsreels and documentaries on a w ide range of subjects covering art, culture, history, science, education, sports, agriculture, industry, health and hygiene, development projects, monuments and mountains. fairs and festivals and current economic and social problems. A series of fi lms on eminent exponents of classical arts is a new addition. The Division also produces about four to six cartoon films every year. The Films Division normally gets about 25 films produced through independent producers every year. In addition, the Division also purchases a few ready-made films from outside producers. Apart from this, the Division also accepts films on subjects of public interest offered as "donations" by independent producers. business houses etc.

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Besides Hindi and English, the Films Division documentaries and newsreels are made in Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. A few films are also dubbed in French, German, Arabic, Nepali and other foreign languages. Newsreel Officers of the Films Division are stationed at important centres all over India. The Division produces one national newsreel every week covering topical events in India and abroad. Occasionally, special newsreels are also made on important subjects. A significant recent development is the starting of the regional editions of newsreel at the rate of one newsreel per reg ion per month. This is only the first step towards the objective of releasing regional editions each week for each region along with the national newsreel. The distribution of documentaries and newsreels of this Division is handled by the Distribution Head Office from Bombay operating through branches located in Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Lucknow and Nagpur. It supplies about 60,000 prints of films annually for theatrical and nontheatrical distribution. Apart from arranging regular weekly supply of films to about 8000 cinema houses throughout India, the Division also makes available prints of its films to the mobile units of the Central and State Governments for exhibition in rural and urban areas. Films are also supplied to the Television Stations in New Delhi, Srinagar, Bombay and Amritsar. Films can be borrowed from the Branch Offices of the Films Division. Their addresses are given in Appendix VI. Films can also be borrowed from the Field Publicity Units of the Directorate of Field Publicity, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. The addresses of the various field units are furnished in Appendix VII. Outside India, these films can be obtained on loan from Indian Missions, which usually stock a representative selection. The addresses of Missions are given in Appendix VIII. Apart from commercial and non-commercial distribution of films, the Division also sells stock shots (pictures, music, sound effects etc.) for commercial and non-commercial use at scheduled rates. It also sells prints of its films at prescribed rates. Films can also be had for theatrical, non-theatrical and T.V. exhibition abroad. For terms and conditions, the Officer-in-Charge of Distribution, Films Division, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, 24, Dr. G. Deshmukh Marg (Peddar Road), Bombay-400026, India, may be contacted.

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ABBREVIATIONS B&W mts m



s.v. L.V.

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Black & White minutes metres Training films for specialised audience Shorter Version Longer Version

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AGRICULTURE

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AG RICULTURE ANIMAL HUS BAND RY

SETTER NUTRITION T HROUG H POULTRY 35mm 475m 16mm 190m B&W 17 mtt The film shows how poultry keepi ng on Say Theatres (P) Ltd., Bombay.

The Ministry of Food and Agriculture and the Community Projects Administration

This instruc1ional film deals with the cattle affected by the dreadful disease of T.B. wh ich vha lly redu ces working capacity of the victims. Methods of d iagnosis of the disease and its co ntrol, and danger of Infection to human l>aings are explained In the film.

have set up a large number of key village units which deal w ith all aspects of livallOCk development. Thi s documentary shows the various modern methods amplO'f'ed to upgrade cattle, sheep and poultry.

.

1955

1966

• CHECKING MASTITIS 35mm 215m 16mm 86m B&W Bmts Tha documentary shows the type of disease vary common in cows and buffaloes and describes p.-eventMt 1969

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FOR MORE MILK IN THE HILLS 35mm 476m 16mm 190m

B&W 17mta Produced through Cine Grephic Arts, Bomt>.y. The film shows the impro11ement in the breed and milk yield of hill COWIHI 1esult of crou- breeding with Jersey bulls through artificial inseminllion. Twe111e cross-breeding units in India h111e helped 10 artilicielly inseminate ebout 10,000 hilt cows, enabling the simple hill people to improve their means of livelihood with more end betler milk end 1Iurdier and h11lthierc111le. 1962

GAUSHALA DEVELOPMENT 35mm 512m 16mm 205m

B&W 19mts Produced through Information Films, New Oelhi. Ascheme1orevivetheencientinstitution of G1ush1l11 and Pinjr1p0les tor impro11ing callle-breed was spcnsored by the Cenlral Council of Gos.mverdh•n• in 1952. This film shows how, under lhis scheme,scientilicirainingisbeingimparted at differenl centres for the care end beuerment of cattle.

1958

.

LIVESTOCK NUTRITION 35mm 625m 16mm 250m B&W 23mlS Ascientificstudvoltheproblemolnulri• lion for livestock is the subjec t of this film.

.

.

1965

GOOHAN 35mm 311 m 16mm 124m

B&W 11 mts Produced through M /s Singh Brothen. New Delhi. Proper ca re of cattle is the Iheme of th is film . The need for imp1oving the stock by scienlific methods is brought outinthis lilm.

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MILK FOR THE MILLIONS

POULTRY HAZARDS

Ple11ereler ' FOOD'

35mm 371 m 16mm 1-48m B&W 1-4mtl Produced through M /1 Ali,n Films, New Delhi.

MILKY WAY TO HEALTH Pleesereler'FOOD'

This ln1truc1lon1I fil m det1il1 th• common dise11n th•t ravage the poultry popula• tion and explains the p111venli~ and cu11• tiv• 1tep1 to be tile.e n in each C.N,

.

,,

OUR CATTLE WEALTH 35mm 18mm B&W 10mll

26-4m 11-4m

Thi• documentary d111l1 with the c,ttle w111lth o f India and explains modern 1el1n111ic w1ys of bringing them up in order to improve t heir breed.

...

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AINDEAPEST 35mm 335m 16mm 13-4m B& W 12mtl AinderpHt causes an estimated 10111 loss of ov11 As. JOO millions worth of cattle 1ve,y y1111. The film shows howth• cattle ownen; c, n now protect their c1ttle through v1ccin1tion 1gain1t rindfiP8Sl. Th1 e1mp1ign l1unched by the Government of India to protect cattle we1l1h against this disease has met with marked

AGRICULTURE FA RMING

TOWARDS BITTER SHEEP 35 mm 687 m 16mm 275m

B&W 25mts

STORY OF BULLOCK, A 35mm 276m 16 mm 111 m

B&W

lndiaisoneofthe largest sheep-rearing countries in the world but compared to the quality and size of sheep in other countti&S the Indian sheep is way behind. The film eKplains how the sheep bteeds can be improved and whal steps ere being 1aken by the Central and State Governments to improve the quality of sheep in India both for wool and

ADHIK GANNA, AOHIK CHINI, ADHIK PAISA 35mm 614m 16mm 256m

1Omts

B&W

1969 Bullock, an old-time friend of t he Indian farmer in ploughing, has been used for traction power in cities. It is in its latter rolethatmanyacart-driverusesthismute animal with heartless cruelty. This film, wovenroundasto,y,ismeanttohelpthe work of the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals by enjoining on carelessdriversthedutyoflooking after their silent end sturdy friend - the bull ock. 1957

21 mts Produced through Eastern Educational Film Pvt. Ltd .. Bombay. The sugarcene cultivator is induced to use improved and intensive means of cultivation so asto harvest a bet1ercmp in bothqua1ityand quantily. This in tum will mean increased production of sugar and increased supply of fresh cene to the sugar factories.

WORM INFECTIONS IN FARM ANIMALS

1966

35mm 537m 16mm 214m

,.

B&W 19mts Produced through M /s Dhiren Saha Production s, Catcutta. tnteslinel diseases prevalent among domesticated animals is the theme of this film . How the worm affects 1he stomach of the beast red ucing its strength to worklikeotherheatthya nimalsisshown in this film .

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All FOR ONE Please refer •COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENr

ANDREWS COTTON ..THE WHITE GOLD" 35 mm 636 m 16mm 254m B &W 23 mll

BIOi. CHEROOT AND HOOKAH TOBACCO

Produced through A.ma Bombay.

Private

Ltd.,

The lndien Central Cotton Commiuee hn evolved Htra-long staple superfine cotton known II Andrews. The film provides instructions to the cotton culli• vator 10 obtain best reStJlts from Andrews 1962

CASTOR

35mm 771 m 16mm 308m B&W 28mts Produced Bombay.

th,ough

35mm 675m 16mm 270m B&W 25mts Ama Private Ltd .• Produced through S. Sukhdev, Bombay.

A film on the different types of tobacco grown in India and the modem and ,cientilic methods used in this industry. 1959

This instn.ictiOf'III film explains in detail the scientific method of growing casto, to ensu,ea better yield andg,eater profit lor the tanners. The film throws light on lhe special research carried on by the Indian Council of Ag,icultural RHNrch and the Indian Central Oillleds Committee to im• prove the yield and oil content of castor.

1962 BLAST DISEASE OF RICE BALANCED FERTILIZERS

T

35 mm 450 m 16mm 180m B&W 16mtl

35mm33 1 m 16 mm 132 m B&W 12mts

The lilm leys stress on the necessity of ulit,g tti. three le11ilizers i.e. Nitrogen,

P,oduced th,ough M / s Movie Centre, Bombay.

Phosphate and Pot11h in right quantities for getting bener yields.

A ,eseerch film on the blast di1N1H of rice produced tor Indian Council of Agri• cultuiel Res.earch.

1970

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CHECKING EROSION

CRUCIAL YEAR. THE

35mm 616m 16mm 246m B&W 23mts

PleaH refer 'DONATION FILMS·

The film shows various causn and 1ffects of ~on and S1Jggest1 imprO\led methods ol soil and water conwvation to ch.ckit. 1970

CARE OF THE SOIL 35mm 324m 16mm 130m B&W 12mts

DAWN OF HOPE

Produced through Patel India Private Limited, Bombay. A film on lhe conseNation and c.re of the soil. It tells us how to pr.-ve the lenility of the soil by the use of feniliSlfl after ,very ha,vest and about th1 uH of gri!tlln manure and oil cakes to improv1 soil lertilily. 1959

y

35mm 16mm B&W 27mts

729m 292m

The film depicrs the prevailing conditions of agriculture In Nepal. and shows the imp1ovement1 that are being effected wilh the introduction ol the ThrN • YHr Plan in that country.

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...

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COTTON IN NORTHERN REGION

y 35mm 16mm B&W 2Smts

687m 275m

Th,s instructional film tells !he farmer why the yield of couon cultiva1ion in India II so PC10f and how wilh the aid of idem1lic know -how from 1he Con on Rnea,ch Still • 11oos 111 up all over t he country. the yield can be improved.

o, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

EVERY GRA IN COUNTS Pluse refer ' DONATION FILMS'

DAPOG METHO D, THE 35mm 16mm B&W 1Om11

261 m 105m

FERTILI SER THROUGH LEAVES 35mm 241 m 16mm 96m B&W 9mts

An insi,uc1ion11 film dealing wi1h I new melhod of raising paddy nurseriff in W111 Goclevari District of Andhra Pred11h. Utmost economy In 1p11ce, time. labour, water is the principle of the 'D1pog· method.

.

1969

The film depictl how with 1he help of sprayers, fe,tiliHrt can be applied directly on the IHvH of wheat crop to get better yield. FERTILISER MIXTURE

.

1969

35 nvn 294 m 16mm B&W 1Omts

118m

The thrff feriili se~- Nitrogen, PotHh end Photphlle ire now 11v11il1ble In e mixture form in various proportions to 1uil the gen.er1l 11Quirernen1s of our soil. Tht fa,. mer could use these feniliMr miinures in11ead of doing the mi•ing himself. Thus he would 111ve time and labour 1nd get more p,O1i1.

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GIANT NAPIER GRASS 35mm 234m 16mm 94m B&W 9m11 The lilm prnenll 1h11 proeess ol cultivetion of Nepier greu end its actv1n11ges. 1969

FOOD FOA SOIL 35mm 305m 16mm 122m B&W 11mts

GOLDEN LEAF, THE Please refer 'TRADE & COMMERCE'

Produced lhrough Petti lndie Privete Limhed, Bombay. The lenilily ol soil goes on decreasing with e\ltlry crop. To rmke up 1his deficiency it requires food, thet is, menu re and ferliliffft. This film shows how menure should be preserved end used 10 gel be!ler crops.

GET YOUR SOJ L TESTED

GRASSLAND MANAGEMENT

1957

35mm

35mm

The film deals wilh the nece11ity of soil testing. It shows in detail how to take soil sampln end how the samples ere tested by I mobile soil testing laboratory. The leboratory report on the soil sample enables the !armer 10 purcl\ase 1h1 exact quantities of the 1hree fert itiseq.-Nitro• gen, Phospha te end Po1esh 10 muimise yield.

The film highlights the problem of dete• riorated g11ssl1nds in various pans or India and poin11 out good rmnagement practices tor their rehabilitation and im• provement. Good grasslands mean good fodder end food to animals.

'I'

A

529m 16mm 212m B&W 20mts

631 m 16mm 252m B&W 23 mts P1oduced through M/s Cine Unit ol lndie, Poona.

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GREEN MANURE

35mm 16mm B&W 22 mts

GROW HYBRID MAIZE

596 m 238m

35mm 297m 16mm 119m B&W 11 mts

Thit instructional film shows how f•rmen. can lncr..se their f•rm yields by 8dding grNn manure made from plants like Sisbani• Specio511 or Dhaincha which can Iimul1•naously be grown with the main cropll11elf.

1960 y

Hybrid maiu will give very high yield compared 10 Iha local varletiH, if I PIC•

kage of improved prae1ices are followed in its cultl1111ion. The film shows the im• proved praCliCH.

.

1967

GROUNONUTS

35 mm 570m 16mm 228m B&W 20m11

r,,

This insuuction.1 film aim1 10 teach f•rmat'I how they can through the help of

t

app,opriate 1eiantific methods improve the yield pa, acre of groundnut of which India today 11 the biggest Ilr1Qle producer.

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GROW RICE THE NEW WAY

HYBRID BAJ RA

35 mm 494 m 16mm 198m B&W 18mts

35mm 301 m 16mm 121 m B&W 11 mt s

This film e1tplains in graphic detail the

This is an instruc1ional film. It shows how

Japanese method of rice cultivation and is intended tor the enlightenmen1 of fermers.

a farmer can grow Hybrid Bajra and get

1954

more yield by following some improY1KI practices in its c ultivat ion.

.

1968 ~

GROWING HIGH YIELDING WHEATS

35mm 322m 16mm 129m B&W 12mts

The new high yielding wheat varieties will give bette, yield compared to the local varieties. ii a package of impro ved prac • ticuarefollowedinitscultivation. These improved practices are shown in this film .

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HYBRID JOWAR

HYBRID VIGOUR IN AGRICULTURE

35mm 372m

35mm 16mm B&W

16mm B&W

12

148m

mts

The ins tructional film sho- how hybrid

Produced through M /s Sudha Pictures, Bombay.

jowar can be grown and the yield increased per hectare. With the proper type of

A training film on how hybrid seeds are

&&ed. feni l iser and little extra ca re for the cropthefarmercanreaprichharvests.

1966



571 m 228m

21 mts

helping us 10 OV11rcome1he food problem.

.

1969

HYB RID MAIZE 35mm

617m 16mm 247m B&W 23ml5

It is an instru ctional film indica1ing to lhe farmer the method of growing a new variety of maize-known as hybrid maize leading to a seven -fold incr811s8 in the maizeoutputpeJacre.

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IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS

35mm 359m 16mm 144m B&W 13mts

IRRIGATION THE BETTER WAY

35mm 569m 1 16mm 228m B&W

Produ ced through Tamil Nadu Cine Labo-

ratories, Madras. An informative film for the farmers on the various types of agricultural ir:nplements used indifferentregionsof lndiaandtheir

special advantages.

.

1959

21 m1s

The film shows various improved irrigation practices followed by the Indian

.

farmers.

.

1969

IMPROVED SEEDS

35mm 498m 16mm B&W

199m

18mts Good seeds mean good harvest. This documen1ary explains in detail the methods adopted by the Agricultural Research Centres sponsored by Government to improve seeds by cross-breed ing and the efforts made to grow American longstaple conon in India.

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KHETI KA SUDHAA JUTE CULTIVATION

35mm 421 m 16mm 168m

35mm 695m 16mm 278m B&W 26mts

B&W 15mts

The documentary imparts valuable lessons to jute growers to increase their yield per &ere through scientific methods of jute

cultivation.

This film shows the various methods u$&d on a model farm to improve land cultivation and stresses the value of the iron plough. the importance of good manure and the methods of preparing Iha same.

A KHET Kl KHUAAK

1961

1954

35mm 368m 16mm 147m B&W

T

13mts This film shows the comparative yields of two holdings, one of which is well manured and the other badly manured. Stressing the benefits of properly manured

lields.thepicturee,r.plainshowtoprepare coml)Ostmanu,e. ltalsoshowsthevalue ofdifferenttypesofmanureandchemical manure which ca n be obtain&d from the

Government Agricultural Department

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KITCHEN GARDENING

35mm 325 m 16mm 130m B&W 12mts

MINOR IRRIGATION 35 mm 584 m 16mm 234m B&W 21 mts

The film is meant 10 stimulate interest i n kitchen gardening. It shows how I kitchen garden could be ,aised and m1in1ained in

asmallvacan1placeinahouse. Bydevotingspare1imetoit,the kitcheng11dener can con tr ibu1e towards easing th e food situation i n the coun try.

1966

'I'

Th e film deals with various works related to our minor irrigation and their impact on

increased agricultural products.

.

1969

LATEST IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS

35

mm

16mm B&W 19mlS

538

T

m

215m

The film de&ls with usefulness and opera-

1ional simplicity of manually or bullock drawn improved agricultural implements fromtheploughtothewinnower.

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MINOR IR RIGATION WORKS

MUTATIONS

Please refer ' FIVE YEAR PLANS AND THEIR PROJECTS' (Irrigation & Power

35mm

517m

16mm 207m

B&W

Proj ects)

19mts Produced

through

Satyendra

Goyal,

Harpur. An ins1ructional film on the use of mute•

lions in plant growth. 1969.

MIX ED FARMING 35mm 16mm

498m 119m

B&W 18mts

The film is intended to popula1ise mi)led farming. It explains the disadvantages of the old sys1em of arable farming and the benefitsofcultivationbyrotationfarming.

1965 y

. MULTIPLE CROPPING IN INDIA 35mm 492m 16mm 197m

NEW STRATEGY, THE

B&W

35mm

17mts

Produced through

443m

16mm 177m

Bal

M. Joglekar,

B&W

Bombay.

16mts

Millions of hectares are now assured of irrigation. Science has played its mighty part in the field of agriculture. Introduction of short duration and intensive varieties of crops suitable for all seasons has made it pcssible to raise three or even four crops in a year. The Indian farmers are going in for more and more multiple cropping.

Since the harnessing of the river Kasi, the farmers of North Bihar have become more optimistic. Now they raise three crops with assured water supply throughout the year and use of modern methods of cultiva tion like tractors. improved seeds, feni lisers and pesticides. Thi s new strategy has helped to increase the food output in Bihar.

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

16

PARBOILE D RICE 35mm 539m 16mm 216m

B&W 20 mts Produced 1hrough M /s Eastern Educational Films Private Ltd., Bombay.

Thefilmhighlightstheadvantagesofparboilingthericetoretainitsnutritivevalue. ltalsoshows thepilotplantssetupat the Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, and Jadavpur University, Calcutta to evolve scientific methods

forparboiling ricetopreventanylermentation.

1963

PADDY (H IGH YI ELDING VARIETI ES)

PESTICIDES

35 mm

540 m 16mm 216m

35 mm 604 m 16mm 241 m

B&W

B&W

19mts

20mts

The film explains how to grow high yielding varieties of paddy during different

Produced through Bombay.

seasons of the year. It gives adequate information to the farmers on the varieties of paddy and cells for t he use of improved agricultural methods.

.

1966

Ama

Private Lid.,

The proper use of pes1icides can help to increase crop yiel ds. The farmer is shown how pesticides can and should be used.

.

.

1966

PEPPER

35mm 555m 16mm 222m

B&W 20mts This instructional film, meant for pepper growers shows in detail the various improved praclices in pepper cultivation. likeselectionof parentvines,controlof diseases and pests, scientific manuring andtherightwayofharvesting to obtain best results.

Origma

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

17

PHOSPHATE FOR PLENTY POWER WHEAT THRESHER

35 mm 339 m 16mm B& W

136m

35mm 16 mm B&W

1Jmts

6m~

Deficiency of phosphatic fertilisers in the soil often results in a poor crop. The film emphasises the importance of the use of ph,osphatic fertilisers by the farmers for getting a bumper harveSI.

1970

199m 80 ,m

The documentary shows an advanced and

improved service of threshing w heat with the help of an electric motor. Jt

helps to get quick results.

1969

. POTATO, A QU ICK GROWING FOOD

' ener under• standing of other people's problems and the sharing of amenities and sMVices offered by 10eiety. This film r1volves round I man whose 1v1,y action is moti • v11ed by selfish interests, which ulti• matelyl1nds himinanunto11una11 1i1uation.

.

1957

80

COURTESY COSTS NOTHING

35mm 553m 16mm 221 m B&W 17mUi

CASE OF THE CURIOUS

NEIGHBOURS, THE

35 mm 390m 16mm B&W 14mts

158m

Produced 1hrough M /1 Durga

Ari instructional film on how 1M 11ilway employees shoo Id be c~r1eoo1 and htlp. lul 10 the t11vetling public .

The film depicts the de1K1ion of crime

with physical evidence 1vailable:)1 lhe scene of the offence.

1968

,.

Khote

Productions, Bombay.

.

1967

,.

CITIZENS AND CITIZENS

35 mm 293 m 16mm B&W

117m

11 mll The impommce of good citizenship is explainedinthefilm. l11l10bl'ingsou11he need for proper training of boys and girls during their impreuioneble ynrs 10 1h11 lhly ITIIIY become good cilizens. The film gives typical e111mpln of good and Mdci1izen1hip.

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1962

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UNIVERSITY Of MICHIGAN

81

FIRE FIGHTING IN VILLAGES 35mm 16mm

161 m 64m

8&W 6mts

DILLY DALLYING 35mm 16mm

FOR YOUR SAFETY

312m 125m

35 mm 294m 16mm 118m

B&W

8&W

12mts

10 mts

;~~se~;~r:gt~ i:~:ranc~ : ; i~~~ff:~~~~z. Traffic rules are violated .

ous l'.ves have been a;~:dents and _pre.ciexplains in graphic details~ort. Th 1_s Mm

~~k:h:l;~=~~dO~~~,touldoi: t~~ec::,~;: avoidtheseaccidents.aoci the c1t1zens to

FIRE 1960

35mm 476m 16mm 189m



B&W 17mts Pr~~ced through E. R. Cooper, Bombay.

;:;:~:s~~uu~::

8

lire, the ways

9 ~~~ ~ 188 1

nd

in detail the

to outbreaks of

themando!lig:t' means of preventing they occur. The,:~! such outbreaks when work done by the

5 show ihe _wonderful

intheseemergenc::_noltheF1reBrigade 1958

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

82

FRANKLY SPEAKING Please refer 'GOVERNMENT AND CITIZENSHIP'

GOOD CITIZEN

35mm 337m 16mm 135m

B&W 12mts What ere the pointers to become an ideal citizen1 The duties of e citizen include keeping his surroundings clean, organising of schools and dispensaries, participatingintheelectionsasamatterofright eswellasduty,payingoltaxes,participating in community development work. cooperating with the police in the matter of detecting crimes etc. The film shows how ii people in the village act as good citizens, villages are sure to undergo

lransformationforthe better.

1959

.

GU ILTY 35mm 304m 16mm 122m

B&W 11 mts The drama of anti-social elements enga. ged in cornering end destroying food is

A

picturisedinthefilm.

GOOD MANNERS

.

1967

35mm 301 m 16mm 120m

B&W 11 mts A nation's culture is a measure of its maturity. Culture, howe..,er, is a living realityandourdailylivesreflectitinhow we behave towards one another. This documentary approaches this subject delicately and emphasises 1he need for consideration of others, which is the best foundation for good manners.

1954

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83

HIDDEN HAZARDS

35 mm 292 m 16mm B& W 11 mts

117m

This film shows the d•ngers invol\l'ld in !he handling, storage end use of h1Hrd· ous substances like celluloid films, petrol, compreuecf OIHS Ind other highly inll1mmeble materials Ind 1xplIin1 how these dangers c.n be minimiMd.

.

1951

. LESSON FROM LIFE

MATTER OF BIRTHS ANO DEATH S

35mm 528m

35mm 450m 18mm 180m B&W

16mm 21 1 m B&W 19mts

15mt1

'Luson from Life' deals with thti evila of drink. The film spotlights the reforms Introduced by the Government and shows

some of the welf1re centres established lor thereh1bili111ionofliqUOf1ddict1.

1957

The film up[1Jn1 why it is important to reg istet births Ind deaths. II tells through the 1xpeti1nc1 of I villeger the nffdtoh1veboththeMcenific1111.

'''°

.

1966

LESSON FROM LIFE

35mm

317m

16mm 127m B&W 12mts A shofl:et" version of the above film.

o,a UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

.

84

ON THE SPOT Pleese refer 'DEFENCE' ( Defence Effort)

PASSPORT TO TRAVEL

MATTER OF LIFE, A

Please relet TRANSPORT ANO

Pl111e refer ' DONATION FILMS'

COMMUNICATIONS' (R1itw1vsln11ruction1I Films)

NATIONAL FOUNDATION, THE

PLAYING WITH FIRE

35mm 291 m 16mm 117m

35mm 301 m 16mm 120m

B&W

B&W

"""'

11 fflll

This documen11ry deel1 with the importance of discipline in individual and

which should be 11kan to ensure that our

&

A film on the h1ard1 of explosives c1used by negligen1 h1ndllng of lirewortr.1. But explosivH hive been put to gr1111 use by min. lndustri1I explosives hive been used in indus1rie1 end proJec1s. The film shows the 1xtreme c■ re Wilh which indu1tri1I IXplOliYH Ire m1nuf11ctured in modern up-to-d111

:~:.• ci tizen, ■ re bl'ought up on the right

ON THE HIGHWAYS

factories.

1952

35 mm 297 m

collective life. Starting with • lire in •

theatre. the film gives several instances of lack ol discipline. It goes on to make • plH for e 1ult1ble modification in our educ11ion1I Iy11Im and outlines the steps

1961

16mm 119m

'I'

B&W

'I'

11 mtt

This film deals with the increase of uemc on the highway and the ever lncreatlng accidents which are caused by careless driving. The film elso shows how the highw1y police de1l1 wilh theN p,oblemt on 1h1 spot end advises the lmpo111nc1 of • proper cheek -up on 1he pert of drivlfS before unde111king 1 journey.

1960

o,g,,,,ens of the people ere seen.

NARMADA Pte■se refer 'G EOGRAPHY & TRAVEL'

...

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UNIVERSITY Of MICHIGAN

92



RIVER GANGA. THE

THIS OUR INDIA

35mm 532m 16mm 213m

THEIR PROJECTS' (General)

Pluse refer 'FIVE YEAR PLANS ANO

B&W 20mts The longest river in India, the Ganga emer-

ges from the Himalay11 and travetSing 1 path more than 1,500 miles joins 1he Bay of Bengal neer Calcutta. This is a class-room film meant for UM by 1eachers

11 an audio-vi1;ual aid for secondary school pupils.

1961

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

COINS, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES r

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

93

CO INS, WE IGHTS AN D MEASU RES

METRIC SYSTEM, THE 35 mm 244 m 16mm 97m B&W 9mts The metric system was introduced in India from October 1, 1958. This system is meant to standardize all weights and measures and simplify transactions. This documentary, done entirely in animation, gives a very interesting picture of the earlier chaos in weights and measures and explains how the metric system has been introduced to simplify calculations. 1958

METRIC MEASURES 35 mm 278m 16mm 111 m B&W 10 mts

o;g;,;,ed by

METRIC SYSTEM

The film demonstrates how the metric system of weights and measures, based on the decimal method of calculation is easier and simpler then the old system. It stresses the need 10 carry on all our transactions in the new system.

A longer version of the above film.

1962

1959





Google

35 mm 16 mm e &w 11 mts

294 m 117 m

Original from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

94

NAYA PAISA 35 mm 463 m 16mm 185m B &W 17mts

35mm 314m 16mm 126m

ROMANCE OF THE INOIAN COIN

The structure of our coin11gesystem makes calculations a complicated process. To ensure quick end accurate calculations of our coins in relation to the rupee, new coinage, known as the decimal system has been introduced in lhe country with eHeet from April 1, 1957. This film 81(• plains in a lucid manner how 'Neya Paisa' simplified calculations, and shows the value of Bl(fsting coins in relation to "Naya Paisa'.

This film done entirely by using animation technique tells the story of evolution of coinage in India. The story mmated in the first person byan Indian Rupee covers the period from the 7th Century B. C. till the present day. The film also shows coins as a source of useful information regarding art. culture and history of our country.

o;g;,;,ed by

B&W

12 mts

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95

CO MMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND CO-OPERATION

--

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ACCENT ON YOUTH

ALL FOR ONE

BIG CHANG E, A

35mm 16mm

35mm 493 m

35 mm 254 m 16mm 101 m

252m 101 m

16mm B&W 19mts

B&W 9mts

On the shoulders of our youth rests the future of India. This documentary BC• quaints us wilh youth camps organised forvillageuplift,andemphesises the role the nation's youth can play in breaking through ignorance end prejudice of the

villagen. 1954

197m

B&W 9 mts

This film is atruestoryofan awakening

in a small hamlet near Poona. Co-operative fanning is introduced as en experiment to tide over decades of famine, poveny and neglect. It succeeds in bringing in material prosperity to the area . From then onwards, the spirit of co-ope,retion spreads to other ventures including industrial and public utility projects.

A shorter version of the film, ' Hamari Panchayat'. 1960

BRAHMIN Please refer 'SOCIAL WELFARE'

1963

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

96

.

.

.

BUILDING FROM BELOW

CHARCHA MANDAL

CONSUMERS' CO - OPERATIVES

35mm

35mm 309m 16mm 123m

35 mm 448 m

302m

16mm 121 m

16mm B&W

B&W 11 mts

179m

B&W 11 mts

16mts

Thi s short film is eboul lhe All India Khadi and Village Industries EKhibition held at New Delhi in 1954 with a life-size model of a planned village which had its own Gram Panchaya1, basic school and hospi-

tal. The exhibition also showed a labour bank in the model village.

Produced through M / s Cine Graphic

Arts, Bombay. The film show s how discussion groups of the farmers are helping in greater food production.

1970

1954

Produced through Satvendra N. Goyal, Bombay. The film emphasises Iha importance of consumers' co -operative stores in ensur ing supply of goods of pure quality at fai r prices. The mechanism of starting end working of such co-operatives is briefly outlined in this film .

1965

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97

.

.

.

CO-OPERATIVES FOR FISHERMEN

COTTON PROCESSING-THE CO-OPERATIVE WAV

35mm 16mm B&W 20 mts

563m 225m

Produced through

M /s

lssar

Films,

Bombay. Thefilmshowshowtheli shermencar,yil'lg on their occupation in various par1s of llldie, including the sea coast, have been benefited through 1he co-operative movement. This step has wiped out the middlemen who used to derive considerable profit by advancing loans on heavy interest to the fishermen and buying away their "catch" during the season, at low l)fices.

EXAMPLE TO FOLLOW, AN

35 mm 309 m 16mm 123m B&W 11 mts

35mm 602m 16mm 241 m B&W 22mts Produced Bombay.

through

Homi

D. Sethna,

A shorter version of the film, ' Help the Plan - Help Yourself-Agricu lture·.

1959

This film highlights the benefits secured by cotton growers by forming 1heir own co-operatives for purposes of ginning cotton. In some areas, apart from owning ginning mills, co-operatives have started manufacturing cloth in mills.

1963

1963

Original from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

98

.

.

.

FOOD FOR _THOUGHT

FOR THE FAM ILY

GETTI NG TOGETHER

35mm 512 m 16mm 205m B&W 18mts

35mm 591 m 16mm 236m B&W

22mts

35mm 437m 16mm 176m B&W 16mts

Produced through Ama Private Limited, Bombey.

Produced through National Education and Information Films Limited, Bombay.

In certain pans of l ndi.t, it is still taboo fOf women-folk to go out for remuneratory work. This conservative outlook deprives the family of cenain income. This film shows how the Cenual Social Welfare

This documentary deals with the Community Development Programme and shows the various stages which trans formed the programme into a people"s

This film narrates 1he SIOfY behind a

silent revolution in dietary hebitsthat has taken place in Oriua li ne• the introduction of the '"E~panded Nutrition Progremme" with the aid of UNICEF in 1960. The film also throw, light on 1he pan played by the Mahila Sami1t1 and youth groups in organising scien tific poultry farming, fish breeding and fruit

Board has brought work for the women to

and vegetable growing to provide a healthy, balenced diet for the rurel popu-

their doorsteps and thus enabled them to contribute to the family lx.ldget.

1957

lation.

1959

GRAMDAN

1962

Please refer 'DONATI ON FI LMS"

FOR THE FAMI LY 35mm 16mm B&W 11 mts

284 m 114m

A shorter version of the above film. 1959 GAON Kl SEVA Please refer 'DO NATION FILMS"

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

99

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. GRAM SAFAI

GYAN KA UJALA

35 mm 16mm B&W 14mts

35mm 367m 16mm 147m

392 m 157m

HAM ARA VACHAN (A Promise to Keep)

35 mm 235m 16mm 94m B&W

B&W

13mts

Produced through H. D. Sethna, Bombay.

Social

This documentary shows how people withtheirowneffortcankeepthevillages cleanandfreefromdisease.

pyramid of the Community Project workers, This film shows how these officers help and guide the peasants to solve their manifold p . _ ,n-~ ~

.

. URUKKU NALLATHU

35mm 2186m 16mm 874m B&W

80 mtl T hil is • Tamil fNIUfl•IYP8 documentary film combining instructioo with entertain• ment. The story n1rr11ed in fl■ sh - blck deals with the process of transformation of I village in the Madras State under the Communi ty Oevel09ff1efll Programme. It portr1vs the role of the village le1der1 and the part played by lhl Convnunity Dev•• lopment wO{X-,s in giving a ntw lace to theirvill1g1.

1961

'

~

-

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VIKAS MELAS

VI LLAGE A NO I, THE

35mm 321 m 16mm 128m B&W 11 mts

35mm 532m 16mm 212m B&W

20mts

Produced through H. D. Sathna, Bombay.

Produced through H. D. Sethna, Bombay.

VikH Melas ere being periodically or• ganlsed by the Community Development 1nd National Extension SeMce blockt to iake stock of the work done by them. Th is film shows how these me!H provide opPOrtunities tor discussing various pro-

The Kasturba Gram Sevika Viclyalayn have undertaken to train Gram Sevikas for 1he Central Social Welfare Board. Begin• ning with the desolate life of a young widow eager to find some useful 1nchor of social service, the documentary taku us through the various atagu of in1enM training 1hrough which a Sevika has 10 quality H • nwllipurpos.e worker and • dedicated guide and servanl of the rural

blem• on agriculture, education, c:oopetllkm, finance, health and village panchllyats.

1958

-·· 1958

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

110

.

.

.

VILLAGE ANO WOMEN

VILLAGE TAN KS

VI LLAGE THAT LI VED AGAIN, THE

35 mm 668 m

35mm 16mm

35mm 718m 16mm 287m

16mm

267m

460m 184m

B&W

B&W

24mts

17mts

"Village and Women' portrays the very important role women have been playing and can conti nue to play in 1he Community Projects.

Produced through

1955

Bedeker,

Bombay. This film shows the scientific methods of building village tanks and keeping them free from contamination. Real izing their importance,thevillagershavetaken steps to form cooperatives to build mo, e tanks in the villages.

1962

VI LLAGE AND WOMEN

B&W 26mts Vishram

The film highlights the benefits that could accrue by adopting scientific methods of farming. Through the story of Sonapur village the film shows how improvement could be made in agriculture with proper advice and help. The film attempts to 0Kpleintheworkofmobilepublicity units, agricultural research stations, cooperative societies and other vital organs of the Community Development programmes.

1962 35mm 363m 16mm 145m

B&W 13mts A shorter version of the above film.

1956

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

111

.

.

VI TAL FORCE, THE

WOMEN WORKERS

35mm 282m 16mm 11 3m

35mm 16mm B&W 24mts

B&W 10mts Set in a village in South India. the film is the story of the villagers· con1ritx11ion to t he national effort to produce more, to mobili:i:e all available resources end to defend their village and the country.

1963

668m 267m

This is a film on the emancipation of women living in the villages of India and how they have begun to occupy their idle hours by doing woefu l work such as weaving or the making of baskets or other works of handicrafts. The Community Development and National Extension Service set up in 1952 through its representatives-the Gram Sevikas-have also helped these women to maintain cleanliness around their neighbourhood, know about the ante and post-natal care end do spare time jobs to improve their economic s1etus.

1960

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

113 COTTAGE INDUSTRIES

.

.

AMBAR CHARKHA

35 mm 423 m 16mm 169m B&W

BEE-KEEPI NG

ANCIENT WEAVES TODAY

16mts Produced through Cine Unit of India

Private Limited, Poona.

35mm 296m 118m

35mm 415m 16mm 166m B&W 15mts

16mm Colour 11 mts

This document&ry brings out Mahatma Gandhi's idea of self sufficiency in cloth through Khadi end Handloom fabrics. It revolvesround1hetraditional Charkha,its evolution and fina l development in the shape of Ambar Charkha.

Purchased from M/s Pa1el India Privc1te Ltd., Bombay.

Highlighting the diligence and the community life of bees, thi s film shows various methods of collecting honey end the effort of the All India Villagelndus-

This colou r film tell s the s1ory of the famous handloom fabrics of India.

tri~ Board to popularise bee- keeping as e profitable pastime for villat1ers.

1959

1958t

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114

. BUSY HANDS 35mm 16mm B&W 10 mts

281 m 112m

GANGU TELi

Collage Industries are part and parcel of village life and lhe best insurance against

35mm 16mm B&W 26mts

economic distress. Numerous training centres, therefore, have been set up in villages where the villag ers are !aught various cottage crafts. This film throws light on a variety of rural ans and crafts in India and shows how these could be

How the Khadi and Village Industries Commission is helping to organize village industriesandlhusimproveruraleconomy isillustrated in1helilm.

made profitable paslimes for the villagers.

Produced through H. D . Sethna, Bombay.

.t.

1958

1953

FORM S AND DESIGNS

COIA, THE GOLDEN FIBRE

35mm 16mm Colour 11 mts

Pl ease refer'TAADE ANO COMMERCE'

731 m 292m

293m 11 7m

HILLMAN AN O HOMESPUN

Thisfilmshowshowdesigncentresand weaversservicecentres helptoencourage

Plea se reler ' DONATION FILMS'

cottage industries.

1968

COMMON HERITAGE, A Please refer ' DONATION FILMS'

Please refer ' DONATION FILMS'

FABRIC OF LIF E

FR EEDOM'S FIBRE

Please refer 'DONATION FILMS'

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NATUR E'S NECTAR cr,~~lr♦.f§rri DONATION FILMS'

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

115



PALM HISTORY

35 mm

266m

16mm

106m



B&W

SPIRIT OF THE LOOM

10mts

This is a pictorial survey of the various types of palm trees, which are not only

PURANI KALA ME NAYE PRAN

ornamental but supply numerous materials for India's many cottage industries. The leaves of palmyra are skilfully woven into baskets, mats and temple tops of various

25mts

designs and its fibre is used to make brushes of all kinds.

The film provides valuable information to

1950

ments in looms and in other processes

16mm Colour

279m

the weavers about the latest improveconnected with the art of weaving. It also shows Iha work done by the All India

PROMISE REDEEMED Pleaserefer'DONATIO_N FILMS'G

D1g1tized by

Handloom Board in introducing scientific melhods and improved looms for the benefit of the weavers.

oog1912e

35mm

305m

16mm

122m

B&W 11 mts Fromitsearlybeginnings, thestoryofthe handloom in India, as one of the oldest symbols of civilisation to its presen1-day position es the second largest cottage industry, is recaptured in thi s documentary. Weavers· Co -operative Societies have been formed wi1h official help in dilferentpartsofthecountry. These socie ties have modernised the hendloom industry end, from lime to time, new labour-saving devices are introduced.

□riJ iM-from UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

116

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& TREE OF WEALTH

35mm

280m

16mm

112m

& WHEEL OF PROSPERITY

B&W

35mm

283m

10 m1s

16mm

113m

&

SWEET SUCCESS 35 mm

304 m

16mm

122m

B&W 11 mts The film show s the role of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission in develop• ing the gur and khandsari industry

through scienlificprocesses. 1962

The coconut palm provides the entire countryside in South Ind ia with a living endoopartofthetreeoritsfru itiswasted. The leaves are used for the roofs of houses. the trunk end 1he logs support them. the fruit yields oil, fodder, and coconut water fo r the thirsty and coir is used for carpets and mautng. This docu • mentary is a complete survey of the many usesofthecoconut,broughttothescreen within!erestinggraph ic details.

1949r

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B&W 10 mts This short film is ba$6d on the Charkha and Khadi movement which was close ly associated with the country's freedom struggleundertheleadershipofM ahatma Gandhi. The art of spinning and weaving· which had once perished under the influence of foreign rule has now been. happily revived, providing employment; for millions of craftsmen.

ol~Trlalfrom UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

117

CRAFTS

ART OF BRICK LAYING

CARPENTER

35mm 452m 16 mm 180m

35mm 334m 16mm 133m

HANDICRAFTS OF ASSAM

B&W 17mts

B&W 12mts

35 mm 320 m 16mm 128m

Produced through E. R. Cooper, Bombay. A filmonthetechniqueofmanufacturing and laying of bricks. The mixture for making the bricks consists of ingredients like clay, sand, alumina and a right proPOrtion of each of them gives the bricks their strength. The film also shows how th euseofbricks in buildings or arches or pillarsisanartbyi tself.

1960

Produced through M / s Arora Film Car• poration, Calcuna. One of the important persons in Indian villages is the ca rpenter. The film describes his craft and his tools through the interesting way of a carpenter's son be coming an apprentice to his father and the pride he gets out of his father's skill. The film is primarily meant for schools.

B&W 12mts Produced through M / s little Cinema Pvt. Ltd., Calcutta. Evolved out of available resources, the varied handicrafts of Assam answer both aesthetic and fun ctional needs. The film shows the making of different types of handicrafts on actual locations in Assam.

1964

1960

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HANDICRAFTS OF GUJARAT FLOOR MOSAICS l'l•fft~r'TRADE&COMMERCE'

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

GOVT. FILMS.

118

MAG IC TOUCH, THE

35mm 330m 16mm 132m HANDICRAFTS OF TRAVANCORE

B&W

35mm 289m 16mm 115m

The film shows some of the exquisite arts

12mts

HANDICRAFTS OF INDJA

35mm 279 m 16mm 111 m

B&W

B&W

10 mts

10 mts

leavesoflfees, buffalo horns and multi-

India is lamed for her artistic handicrafts.

The art of wood-carving, papier-mache and shawl-weaving in Kashmir, metal work in Uttar Pradesh, and marblemodelling in Jaipur are all graphically explained in this film.

1950

coloured sand and shells from the beach at Cape Comorin are some of the simple materials which the gifted craftsmen of Travancore deftly turn into beautiful and fascinating handicrafts. All this is shown in this film.

1949

,,

andcraftsoflndiaandpresentsthelovely products that India's artisans produce. Filigree work from Cuttack and Hyderabad, enamelled brassware from Moradabad, Jaipur and Lucknow, the famous bronze figures from South India, ivory models from Mysore and Travancore and papier-mache work from Kashmir are beau1ifully presented in this documentary.

1954

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JYQTIRASAN HANDICRAFTS OF RAJASTHAN

Please refer ' DONATION _FILMS'



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FILMS" Original from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

I

119

POTTER ANO HI S CRAFT

35mm 565m 16mm 226m B&W 20 mts

MAKERS OF IRON

35 mm 335 m 16mm 134m

Produced

B&W 12mts Produced through M /s Productions, Bombay.

SOUVENIRS FROM KERALA

through Information

Films,

New Delhi,

Durga Khote

This film shows how the potter who

35 mm 276 m 16mm 110 m B&W 9 mts

achieved by ancien l Ind ia is depicted in the film. II also shows the efforts of the Sava Sangh to revive thi s ancient art in

has carried on his ancient craft in India, is trying to keep abreast of his times by joining co-operatives and thus se11lients with the di5ease. Instead ol 1ru1ing a patient as an outcHt 1nd .ubjecting him to humiliations, 1 way is 1hown fOf his cure and reh.bilitedon.

1953

undernourished or 01hefwise enleebted, 1he T.8 . germs t1k1 a hold. But tuberculosis is curable if its Hrty symptoms

are read COl'TKtly 1nd immedi1t1 steps ,re 11ken to combat them. Here is 1

pr.ctieal demonstration showing how tuberculosis c.n be prevented and suit1bl1 mNS1JrH taken in 1his respect.

1950

BALANCED DIET Please

ref&r

'STATE

GOVT.

FILMS'

(Maharashlra)

o,git

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SURPRISE PACKET, .THE

SWAYAMVAR

THAT TOUCH OF GOLD

35mm

35mm

35mm

305m

89m

68m

16mm 122m

16mm 35m

16mm 27m

B&W

Colour

Colour

11 mts

Jmts

2mts

The Government of India introduced the

Based on the ancient custom of Rejput princesses selecting young princes as their husbands, this short cartoon film is meant to popularise gold bonds.

This animated film is an adaptat ion of the famous story of King Midas known

'Priie Bonds Scheme· to popularise the ideaofseving.Thisdocumentaryexplains the attractions of the Scheme to those whowishtosaveandtrytheirtuckalso.

1966

1961

all over the world for years and is made

to s!ress the need to, investing in Gold Bonds.

1966 W ISE SPENDING

35mm 16mm B&W

47m 19m

2mts Varioushandsareshownreceivingmoney bags, indic111ing a person's income. Constant outflow of coins and currency notes is shown for various Hpenses. At the end, the same coins and notes a1e collected in savings boK, giving a slogan 'Save for tomorrow._ 1968 WIVES AND WI VES Please refer ·FIVE YEAR PlANS AND THEIR PROJECTS' {Genera\)

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

391

BANK NATIONALISATION

INSURANCE

.

.

MEANS NOT AN END, A

BANARSl'S SECRET

DANGER AT YOUR DOORSTEP

35 mm 16mm

35 mm 307 m

35 mm 283 m 16mm 113m

204 m 82m

16mm

. 123m

B&W

B&W

B&W

7mts

1 1 mts

10mts

It e11plains the purpose of Bank National isation and s11esses the fact that it is

Produced through M / s Linle Cinema (Calcutta) Pvt. Ltd ., Celcuna.

Produced through M / s Chim1lekha Films Coop. Ltd., Trivandrum.

The film deals with the benefits of General Insurance. It explains how the insurance 0ay. The film shows the role of Science and Technology in agriculture. industry and health of the people of India. Ori

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

401

WEATHER ANO THE FARMER Plea5e re fer 'AGRICULTURE' ( Ferming)

WEATHER FOR TOMORROW

35 mm 330 m 16mm 132 m

THI S OUR EARTH

35 mm 1482 m 16mm 593m B&W 54mts This is I film record of the lntetnltional Geophysical Year and India's con1ribu1ion to ill success. The vast netwOfk of observa tion an d meteorological stations spread all over India con tr ibuted their resources, end thus helped mankind to acquire more knowledge of its environ-

B&W 12mts This shon film deals with the difficult but useful role of meteorologists in forecasting weather conditions, parti• cula,ty for the use of ships III sea, air• crafts and also lo, 11,mers. It shows in great detail round-the-clock obsef'tlation that Is kept in the meteorological offices spre&dttiroughoutthecountry1ndrelates how scienti fic data is collected from other sourcesaswell.

A VI JYAN MANDIRS

1960

35 mm 16mm B&W

'I'

17mts

472 m 189m

1958 'I'

Produced through Ama Privau, Ltd., Bombay.

The film tells the story of the Vijyan Mandirs set up by the Ministry of Scienti• lie Research and Cultural Affairs In Indian villages to bring the benefill of science

to the rural population. Old superstitious beliefs and ignOfance are replaced t,y a scientific outlook on the l)foblems of rural health, farming, food and housing.

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

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402

SCIENCE AN O TECHNOLOGY ATOMIC ENERG Y

APSARA

35 mm 16mm

450 m 180m

B&W 15mts

The completion of I decade of useful se,vice by lndie's first research reactor II Trombay has been shown in this film. It treces the historical background from the designing stage to its completion in September 1965 and goes on to explain the production of isotopes and their use in medicine, industry end biology.

.

1966

BHABHA ATOMIC RESEARCH CENTRE

35mm 427m 16mm 171 m

B&W 15mts

.

The film shows how India is in the tore front of Atomic Ene,gy wolit •

1967

ATOMIC FUEL 35 mm

~

679m

16mm 272m

B&W 25mts

The film depicts the production of atomic fuel elements from ba sic atomic materials found in India. It starts from the recovery of moneslte from the black sands on the coast of Kera la end Madras. All the

procuses from monasite to the finished luelelemenisereshowninthefilm.

Ori

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

403

BOMBAY HARBOUR TRAC ER

EX PERIMENT 35mm 16mm B&W

676m 270m

25mts Bombay Harbour, one of the biggest ports in India is handicapped because of the vast emount of silt deposited near the mouth of 1he harbour. With the co • operat ion of the Central Water and Power Resea rch Station at Poona end Atomic Energy Establishment at Trombay near Bombay, the pon authorities have found out a new method of finding a suil able dumping ground. This is called the 1recer method where radio -active silt is released under the sea water and the movement of currents is studied. These experiments are given ingrephic detailsinthisfilm.

1959 ~

FROM TINY GRA INS OF SAND 35mm 16mm B&W 12mts

This film is the story of lndia"s efforts in producing atomic energy. India is rich in the supply of fissionable materials which are found in the States of Madras. Kerala and Bihar. India has set up the Atomic Energy Establishment at Trombay near Bombay and experiments are carri&d 001 here on the production of atomic energy.

.I. CANADA INDIA REACTOR

1961

35mm 466m 16mm B&W

335m 133m



186m

17mts

The construction of the Cenada India Reactor and its intricate working are described in this film . Set up at Trombay near Bombay w ith the co -opera1ion of Canada, the Reactor wor1ts on the release of energy through atomic fission . How the safety of the personnel working in the establi shment is ensured is also shown inthefinalsequencesof the film.

0 ' '

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

404

SCIENCE AND TECHN OLOGY NATURAL SC IEN CES MARI NE MARVELS Please ,efe, 'EDUCATION ANO YOUTH ACTIVITIES'

TAXIDERMIST AND HIS A RT, THE

35 mm 538 m

DAY AT THE ZOO. A

16mm 2 14m B&W 19mts

35mm 964 m 16mm 386 m B&W

3Smts This is • film on the evolution of man shown against the background of I batch of school children visiting I roo. II shows how ii hes taken millions of yeers lo, the 1,ilobite, the first living creature to reach the latest stage on the path of evolutionthat of human being.

Produced through Cine Graphic Ans. Bombay.

4 OUR FEATHERED FRIENDS 35 mm 16 mm Colour 16 mll

441 m 176 m

An interesting view of the wortd of birds through the camera-eye, this film brings in1imate pictures of the habits, characteristics end distinguishing merks of a veriety of lndien water birds. The film covers resident as well as migratory birds. The breeding season reveals the most interesting facets of the ir lives. A court.ship daoce, l'IISt building, protection of eggs, the birth of chicks, the quaint wey,; of feeding and the verious scenes of lerge colonies of birds unfold before us in colourful detail as only the camere lens can reveal.

1961

1961

Dig,t,zed by

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Me1hod1 ol collecting and preserving animals and the art of proper display of these is shown to the students of natural

history. The art and crah of THidermy is fully brought out in demonstration of the mounting of an animal and a bird. 1966 T

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

SOCIA L W ELFA RE

A FTER THE ECLI PSE Pleasereler ' DONATION FILMS'

ANCIENT CURSE, AN 35 mm 16mm B&W 22mts

. AND MI LES TO GO 35 mm 400 m 16mm 160m B&W 15mts This film attempts to awaken our social consciousness. It brings 10 light cenain evils of our society and shows how the people must co-ope,a!e with the Govern ment in its figh t against corrupt ion in the country. 1967

609m 244m

The film a11empts to portray current composition of the Harijans in India. It examines the problem in the historical perspective of Gandhiji's work for the eradication of untouchability. It attempts the objective analysis of what has been done and what remains to be done in this sphereofHarijanWelfare.

.

1969

6

A NDHERE SE UJALE ME 35mm 615m 16 mm 246m B &W 23 mu Produced through Debaki Kumar Bose, Calcu11a. The film is based on the well -known poem "Suchi" on untouchability wrinen by Gurudev Tagore, the Nobel Laureate. It shows how deities were displeased due to ban on the entry of untouchables into tempi~ belonging 10 Ramanand, the originator of the Ramaya t sect, who spent his day and night in prayers and lived 1he life of a recluse. The final sequences of the film show Remanand 's determination to go in search ol the Lord among the humble.

BEKHARI 35mm 135m 16mm B&W

54m

5mts

. BARG.A.O Kl AAP BEETI

35mm 914m 16mm 366m B&W

33mts Produced through Oebaki Kumar Bose,

Calcutta. The film shows how people wffe, due to the distinction of caste end creed. The film II in the form of observations made by an old Banyen tree under whose branches most of 1he incidents of the

story occur.

1963

The film draws our attention 10 the misdirected philanth rophy practised by a number of people in giving alms to beggars in Bombay and other parts of the country. It makes a plea to channelise this cha rity end portrays some of the improvemen1s which could be effected in the life of beggars through the help of organised insiitutions.

1962

.

BRAHMIN 35mm 16mm B&W 22mts

613m 245m

Produced through Debaki Kumar Bose.

Calcuna. The film which deals with the problems of 1.m1ouchability, is based on one of the Poems of Gurudev Tagore. The story of Satv1kam from Ch1ndogy1 Upanishad is narrlled here. emphasising the impon1nce of 1ruth in life. Meant for rural audience, it 1mempts to depict how wrong it is 10 practiseuntouch1bili1y.

orti,R~I from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

407

DISABILITY OR ABILITY? Please refe r ' HEALTti AND HYGIENE'

HUMAN APPROACH, A Pl ease refer ' DONATION FILM S'

FOR THE FAMILY Pl ease refer 'COMMUN ITY DEVELOPMENT

HANDS THAT SHAPE

35mm

263m

16mm 105m B&W

9mts Parental care which is essentiel for the proper moulding of children is stressed in this film . How proper guidance helps

the child to grow into a responsible

.

individual is shown here .

1965

.

CHI LDREN OF GOO

35mm 16mm B&W 19mts

513m 205m

35mm 492m 16mm 197m B&W 18 mts

The film unfolds the story of the fight for the social uplift of Harijans and refers to the constitutional and legal provisions for the removal of un1ouchability and depicts the active part played by Harijans in1hepublic lifeol India.

,,,.

. JIVAN JYOTt

Digitized by

G OOg~

Purchased from M/ sGyanChitra, Bombay.

The film depicts vividly how uneducated blind m1n end women are trained and educated in order to enable them to be helpfultotheirlamiliesandtothesociety.

408

KAL JO AAYEGA Please refer 'DONATION FILMS'

LIGHT IN THE DARK CELL 35mm 16mm 8&W

392m 157m

14mts Prison s in India have undergone considerable reforms since the advent of Independence. 111-treatment of prisoners -both adult and juvenile-and their confinement in solitary cells isa thing of the past. The film shows, through the story of a typical prisoner, Balraj, how the various undesirable p,actices have been replaced by humane treatment and other reformati ve methods.

.

1962

KAL UOAS NA HOGI 35mm 16mm 8&W 29 mts

760m 304m

Produced through S. Sukhdev, Bombay.

Primarily meant for e~hibition in rural a reas, lhelilm highlights positive results of abstaining from alcohol which results in domestic and social harmony and economic well being . 1965



A RAIOAS 35mm 615m 16mm 246m 8&W 23mts Produced through Oebaki Kumar Bose, Calcutta. The film presents in a story form glimpses of the life of Raidas-lndia"s renowned saint. Raidas belonged to a low caste and his profession was that of a co bbler which was handed over to him by his lorefathers. Whilepursuinghisprofession, he also composed hymns in praise of God.

409

SUBHA KA: BHOOLA

REND EZVO US

Please refer ' DONATI ON FILMS'

Please refer 'DONATION FILMS'

TOWAR DS A BETTER SOCI ETY

35mm

328m

16mm 131 m

B&W 12mts This film takes us to the heart of a small village and is built round a family facing the problem of social customs which are a barrier to education end progress. The film shows the cha nge over from old orthodox waY5 to new 01185 wit h &II their attendant advantages and puts in a strong plea for trai ned farmers, engi neers

.

~:~o~~achets towards building a better

SYMBOL OF SOCIAL SECURITY

35mm 305m 16mm

122m

.

1953

A WELFARE FOR ALL 35mm 599m 16mm 240m

B&W

B&W

11 mts

22 mts

Produced through Ram Gaba1e (Geeta

Produced lhrough National Education and Information Films Ltd., Bombay.

Films), Bombay.

Theroleo f socialinsuranceasrep,esented by the Employees State Insurance Cor• poration, is emphasi~ed in the film. The sc:heme covers sickness, unemployment,

injury or confinement. 1966

The role of the Cen1ral Social Welfare Board in rendering financial aid, guidance and lfaining facili lies to voluntary social welfare organisations is explained inthefilmindetail.

410

SOCIAL WELFA RE CHILD W ELFAR E

CHILDREN'S DAY I N MANIPUA

35mm

110m

16mm

44m

B&W 4mts

. CHILDREN 'S DAY

35mm 312m 16mm 125m

B&W 12m1s The documentary emphasises the inter-

national aspect of t he child welfare movemen t and shows in detail the celebration of the Children's Day in various parts of the country, containing some pleasant'livetalkie'inlerludesof"Chacha Nehru" meeting a group of chi ldren as a radio programme.

1958

The film shows how children of Manipur in Imphal celebrated Children's Day in

1959. 1960 ~

. CITIZENS REGAINED

35mm 16mm

623m 249m

B&W 23mts Produced through Ezra Mir, Bombay. The film deals with the problem of wayward young boys and girls and puts in

a strong plea to co-operate with the Government in i1s efforts to rehabilit.ne theseyoungunfo11una115.

411

PROTECT WITH CARE

35mm 479m 16mm 191 m B&W 18mts How the combined efforts of national and international health organisations. childwelfarecentresandmedicalresearch help to bring up healthy children free from diseases and physical handicaps is brought out in vivid detail in this film . The film also emphasises the importance of balanced diet, fresh air and sunshine besides inoculation, vaccination and other

protective measures.

.

1959

,,

346m 138m

12mts This film deals with the children. Their physical health, emotional needs and social development are depicted here in

an interesting manner. 1954

Digitized by

RIPENING SEED, THE

35 mm 405 m 16mm 162m B&W 15mts

IMPORTANT PEOPLE

35mm 16mm B&W

.

Go

Produced through Art Films of Asia Private Ltd .. Bombay. Tracing the growth of a child from its infancy, this documentary narrates the correct method of bringing up children.

412

SOC IAL WELFAR E WOMEN W ELFARE

DESERTED WOMEN

35mm 479m 16mm 191 m B&W

18mts Produced through Fact Films, Bombay.

This film deals with the problem of a large number of women, who, due to maladjusted home life fall easy victims to anti-social influences. The film shows the

.

role played by resc ue homes in the country to rehabilitate these unfortunate

WITH ERING FLOWERS

1956

35 mm 387 m 16mm 155m B&W 14mts Unhealthy urban surroundings and lack

of parental love and guidance turn many a youngster into a juvenile delinquent. The f ilm shows how social workers and correctional institutions re•educate these childre n to become healthy and worthy members of society.

1963

.._ ORY LEAVES

,,

35mm 517m 16mm 207m B&W

19mts Produced through

Cine

Cooperatives

limited, Bombay. The documentary deals with the dowry system and shows how this age-old custom has ruined many e home and how large sums of money are extoned from the girls' parents to bring about a matrimonial alliance.

413

MM 35mm

636m

16mm 254m B&W 23 mts Produced through Art Films of Asia

Private Lim ited, Bombay. Thislilmbrir1gstolight1helittle -known, yet one al the most human social problems of the country-the problem of

unmarried mothers and their children.

1956

,.

LIFE BEGINS ANEW 35mm 492m 16mm 197m

,

B&W 18mts lt explains the wOfking of socio -economic and social welfare schemes carried on in the coun try to improve the lot of the



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destitutH. WE WANT TO LIVE

.

.

1969

INDIAN WOMEN, THE

35 mm 16mm B&W

558 m 223m

20mts The film shows the preseot status of women in India. It also endeavours to show the extent to which the teachings of Gandhiji and Kasturba have made an .

impact on their daily lives.

1969 Digitized

by

GO

35mm 503m 16mm 201m B&W 18mts An off -beat film that tries to enalyse the causes of prostitution and emphasize the imponance of accepting the victims of this social evil es full-fledged membefs of the aociety. The film ju11tap0ses interviews with lhe prostitutes wi th the views on prostitution by eminent social scientls1sand workers.

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN



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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

415

SPORTS, PASTIME AND RECREATION

.

.

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ACCEN T ON ASIA

CALL OF THE MOUNTAINS

CALL OF THE KHEDOA

35mm 329m 131 m

35 mm -186 m 16mm l!Mm

"""'

18mtl

16mm B&W

This is • film repon on lhe Asian Olympic G•rnN oro,nised It D1lhi in 1951 , in which Algh1nistan, Burma, Ceylon, India, lndonetil, lr1n, Japan, Nepal Ind Philippines, Singapore and Thailand participated. The film brings out the colour Ind pagtilntry which WII whnnsed II chit international gathering.

'"'

35mm 349m 140m

16mm Colour 13 mts

B&W

Mount1in climbing in the Himal1y11 hh 1lw1vs f11clnated moYntainee,s from far 1nd Mllr. The Himalayan Mountaineering Institute II Darjeeling was u11blished by the Government of India 10 encourage moun11lneering among the youth of the country. Thi, film revolvn round one of the treks oroanised by this lnstit11t1 and some 111citing shots of the haurdous trelt are included here. 1958

Hare is the story of how the mightint of mammals, the elephant is caught. The film lhows the diffteuldes encounlered in trapping wild elephants in 1he thick lores1s on the banks of the river Kebini in Mysore. Stupendous efforts requ ired for aucceuful operation of the ' Khedde· ere vividly Hl)l.ined in the film. Cerching the wild eiephen11 ii • risky job indeed requiring pe1ience, skill and .,.,,. of training.

1962

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from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

416

CHALLENGE OF EVE REST, THE

35 mm 584 m 16mm 234m Coloor

21 mts All au1hen1ic rKOfd of the successful Everest Expedition of 1965 sponsored by the Indian Mountaineering Foundalion and led by Lt. Commdr. M . S. Kohli forms the subject mane, of th is film . The nineteen-member Indian team heavily clad in mountaineering-gear cli mb up leboriously the dangerous heights of Mt. Everest.

1967

.

.

CHALLENGE OF THE MOUNTAINS

EVEREST

FOOTBALL

16mm Colour

35 mm 16mm Colour 80 mts

35mm 16mm B&W 25m1s

235m

22mts This ins1ructlonal film shows the kind of tough and hazardous course of training inmounta in-climbingthatisimp,arted by the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute at Darjeeling and which makes the trainees lit in body, more alert in mind and firm in spirits. Th e Institute is run under the guidance of well -known mountain climbers like Tensing NOl'kay and Col. Gyansingh.

2214 m 886m

The fi lm is an authentic record ol the successful Everest Eicpedition of 1965 spon50led by the Indian Mountaineering Foundation and led by Lieutenant Commander M . S. Kohli. It shows the preparetions, approach march , route marking on ice-fall and the final assault on the summit by four teams.

690m 276m

An instructional film on how to play football. 1970

1968

1960

o,git,zed .,

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

417 INOIAN EXPEDITION TO EVEREST-

1962 16mm

220m

Colour 8mts Mount Everest,themost inspiring of ell mountain peaks has lured mountaineers from a!I over the wortd. In 1960 the first batch of Indian mountaineers responded to this eternal cell but the expedition was beaten back by blizzards. This film is I record of the Second Expedition sponSOfed by the Indian Mountaineering

Foundalion in 1962. 1963

"

HOLIDAY HOBBIES

35mm

320m

16mm B&W 12mlS

128m

Produced through Cine Unit of liidia Private Limited, Poona.

An'. illuminlling short film on vege1Ible gardening as a hobby.

1962

"

INOIAN GAMES

tNOIA VS WEST INOIES 1966 -67

35mm 323m 16mm 129m B&W 12mts

35mm 866m 16mm 346m B&W 28mts

"

Produced through Wtdya Wikas Films,

The film is a compilation of the three IesI cricket matches between India and West Indies played in Sombay, Calcutta, and Madras during 1966-67.

Bombay.

This is a film for the sports lover. It shows II whole range of Indian games like kebaddi. Khoh Khoh and Gillidanda providing wholesome exercise 10 Ihe body end yet at the same time so in• ex.pensive to play.

1967

1959

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

418

KRISH Please refer 'BIOGRAPHY' (Sportsmen)

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INDO-AU STRALIA CRICKET TE STS

INDIA N OLYMPIC GAMES, XIV

LI VI NG FOREST, THE

35 mm 438 m 16mm 179 m B&W

35mm 282 m 16mm 13m B&W

35mm 299m 16mm 119 m B&W 11 mts

.

15mts

10mts

The film shows 1he cricket test ma1chas

This film gives an account of the Olympic Games organised in India and includes

The film brings to the screen the picturesque wi!d life sanctuaries of Assam and

several lypiul Indian sports like kebaddi

stresses the need for preservalion and

end wrestling. The film emphasises the need for greater sports consciousness in the country.

p,otection of the various species lest

belween lhe Austrel ia ns and Indians at Cal cu na. Bombay and Madras during the Aust ralians' tour of India in 1964.

1965

they become e•tinct. 1984

1950

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

419 LURE OF THE EVEREST 16mm Colour 30mts

324 m

A film record of the auempt made by 1he Indian Expedition to conquer Mount Everestin 1960.Beginningwithagraphic de!ailoftheelaboratepreliminaryarrangements made for the upedition. the film takes ustothevariouscampssetupat different heights along the route and concludeswiththevaliantbutunsuccessful finel assault made to reach the top olthe mountains.

1961

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OPERATION KHEODA

OUR NATIONAL GAME-HOCKEY

PLAY BETTER HOCKEY

35mm 336m 16mm 134m Colour 12mts

35 mm 301 m 16mm 120m B&W 11 mts

35mm 559m 16mm 223m B&W 1B mts

Elephan ts are found in plenty in the jungles of South India, Assam and Orissa. Each elephant fetches anything between Rs. 3,000 and 8,000. Most elaborate arrangements are made to trap these wild animal s and the risk involved in these operations is considerable. This documentary relates the exciting story ofthishuardousadventure.

This is a documentary film on the game of hockey-how it started, how it came to India and developed so much that India today is the world's leading hockey nation, culminating in our victory at the latest Olympics in Tokyo.

This is an instructional film on hockey. The various aspects of the game, the basicskills,strategyofattackanddefence, dribbling, passing and dodging have been explained and demonstrated by some of the Indian Olympic players. The film is of help to the beginners how to learn to p!ay better hockey.

1964

.

1965

1956

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

420



. AURAL RECREATIONS

SPORTING START, A

35mm 326m 16mm 130m

35mm 637m 16mm 225m

35 mm 16mm

B&W

B&W

B&W

12mts

23m1s

11 mts

This film describes various inrnresting hobbies which help one to combine pleasure with p1olit. The stress is on poultry keeping, vegelable gardening andbee -keeping- allsparetimeoccupa tions which bring ample dividends.

Produced through K. T. John. Bombay.

This documentary highlights the activilies of the National lnS1itu1e of Sports in Patiala set up by the Go11ernment of India to train coaches from different pa"s of the country in games and spo11 s on sys1ematic and scientific lines.

PROFITABLE PASTIMES

1951



Man needs recreation aherstrenuoustoil to recoup his energy end forget the fatigue. Simple pastimes of !he village folk in India are depicted in the film. Festivals like Gokul Ash tami or Diwali and spor1s like boat races of Kerala are

294m 117m

1964

shown. 1961

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

421

STAIRWAY TO THE SKY

"

TOMORROW MAY BE TOO LATE

"

WILD BUT FRIENDLY

35 mm 305 m 16mm 122m B&W 11 mts

35 mm 283 m 16mm 113m Colour 10mts

35 mm 370 m 16mm 148m B&W 14mts

The fi lm is a thrilling story of lady mountaineers. told in the first person by a young lady, who was one of the 11aim~es at the Himalayan Mountaineering

Many animal s are in danger of extinction due to man's ruthless killing. An appeal is made to all to preserve wild life in India by not killing animals for pleasure,

India is rich in wild life with several san ctuaries for the preservation of bird and ;mimal life. This film shows the various species of fauna in the country.

Institute, Darjeeling.

greed and vanity.

It is primarily meant for T. V. eudiences.

1964

1970

1965

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

422

WILD LIFE OF INDIA 35 mm 764 m 16 mm 305 m Colour 26 mts Produced through S. Sukhdev, Bombay. The film serves as guide to the tourists from abroad to know about some of our easily accessible wild life sanctuaries of India. Typical flora and fauna in the game sanctuaries are also shown in the film.

1966

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

TRADE AND COMMERCE

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423

TRADE AND COMMERCE

FIVE IS THE NUMBER 35mm 16mm Colour 4 mts

This short film demonstrates the five rules for making good tea.

BONDS OF COMMERCE

16 mm Colour 26mts

113m 45m

1962

286m

This is an illustrative film recording the progress of India's expon trade through the centuries, from cloth end spices in ancient times to the present day electric fans, telephone equipment, bicycles and w 111er coolers.

1959

FLOOR MOSA ICS 35mm 16mm Colour 17mts

462m 184m

Carpet making is an ancient art of India and lndiancarpetsareknownthroughou1 the world for the ir colourful designs, traditional motifs and durability. T~is film presents specimens of Indian carpets and other floor coverings bringing out their utility and decorative aspects.

.

1965

COIA - THE GO LD EN FIBRE

35 mm 305

.

16mm Colour 11 mts

BUILD MACHINES- BUILD I NDIA

35 mm 366mts 16mm B&W 13mts

146m

m

122m

Produced through Setyendra N. Goyal, Bombay.

in Ind ian-made machines abroad, the film shows the phenomenal progress made in machine building industry in India.

Indian coir goods are popular all over the world for their fine finish, durability and attractive designs. The film depicts the various processes connected wi th the making of coir and a variety of uses to which it is put. It takes us to the picturesque land of Kerala, the home of this conage industry. The part played by the Coir Board in the growth end eJCpan• sion of this industry i s also eJCplained In thelilm.

1965

1963

Produced through M/ s Ama Private Ltd., Bombay.

Primarily intended to create an interest

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FLOW OF TRADE 35mm 16mm Colour 13mts

348 m 139m

Giving a glimpse of the 1958-59 Exhibition, the documentary describes the various eJCport items which have built for India a world - wide market. 1959

Original from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

424

.

.

GOLDE N LEAF. TH E

FOR BRIGHTER BUSINESS

35 mm 300m 16mm 120m Colour

11 mts

FOREIGN TRADE FOR PROSPERITY

35 m m 343 m

16mm Colour 26mts

Colour

16 mm 137m

282m

12mts

The film spotlights the various types of office equipment manufactured in India and available for export to consumers abroad.

A colour film on India"s leading export commodities like Tea, Jute, Cashew. Pepper, Coir, leather, l ac and Teirtiles. These earn a lot of foreign 8)(Change for India and help in making payment for goods imported for the country's economic development.

1968

1959

Produced through M / s Bhardwaj Films, Bombay.

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Produced through M/s Hurmar Films. Bombay. The export of raw and processed tobacco

a nd tobacco products is explained in this film. Quality control measures enforced by the State 10 ensu re uniformily of supply ere stressed in 1his film. 1965

Original from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

425

INDIAN GLASS AND CERAMICS Plea se refer 'I NDUSTRY'

"

I NOIA AT EXP0-67

35mm 322m 16mm 129m B&W 12mts

Expo-67 was the abbreviated litle of the Universal and the lnternafional hposition of 1967 held at Montreal. Canada. The theme of Expo-67 was "Man and his

World ... lndia'sparticipationwasthrough her pavilion. The film narrates the story

of India fromVedic times to the atomic

age. 1969

"

INOI AN PLASTICS, THE

"

35mm 305m 16mm 122m Colour 11 mts

IMPETUS TO INDUSTRY INDIA AT EXPQ-70

35mm

265m 16mm 106m B&W 10mts

35mm 437m 16mm 175m Colour

A film on the Heavy Engineering Projects

Produced by M /s Hunnar Films, Bombay.

16mts

for the industrial development of India.

The film deals wi lh Expo-70 held at Osaka and in panicular the Indian pavilion.

1965

1970

located at Ranchi and Ourgapu, designed to manufacture mother machines vital

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The film deals with the plastic industry in India and its different products. The recent and rapid growth of this industry, particularly in relation to exports is stressed in this film.

1965

Original from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

426

PATTERNS UNDER FOOT 35 mm 328m 16mm 131 m Colour

12mts

.

This short film shows lhe various types of floor coverings such as Kashmir carpets. rugs, druggets. coir matting, lenoliums and durries. They ere manufactured in India end exported. •

35 mm 605 m

1968

PROMOTION OF EXPORTS 16mm B&W 22m1s

242m

The documentary explains the various measures for expanding India's export

trade. Tea, cashew, pepper, tobacco, leather, manganese, mica, ju1e, textiles. and coir are some of our valuable earners of foreign exchange. For building up India's industries, the import of machinery and equipment is vital and the export drive helps pay for those essential imports.

. INDIAN REFRIGERATION ANO AIRCONOITIONING EQUIPMENT 35mm 16 mm B&W 11 mts

305m 122m

1959

Produced through Arjun Jairamdas, New Delhi. This export promotion film shows the progress made in refrigeration, cold storage and air conditioning industry, in India.

PROSPER ITY IS INDIVISIBLE 35 mm 440 m 16mm 176m Colour 16mts

.

1966

PLASTICS IN INDIA 35 mm 16 mm Colour 9 mts

258 m 103 m

LIGHT ELECTRICAL INDUSTRIES OF INDIA

Thi s is en abridged version of the film 'Indian Plastics'.

Please refer 'INDUSTRY'

1968

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Thi s film record of the 1958-59 Exhibi• tion in Delhi focusses anention on the goods for which India has cultivated an export market. These include precision instruments, electrical goods, office equipment. leather goods and agricultural implements, whose output end export have helped to increase national prosperity.

1960

Original from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

427

QUAALIN

SILENT SALESMAN

Please refer 'I NDUSTRY'

Please refer ' I ND USTRY '

.

in our daily food a,id the role that they

SCIEN TIFIC INSTRUMENTS

play in the economy of the country. The

The film shows the importance of spices

bulk of these, incl uding pepper, car-

35mm 31 1 m 16mm 124m B&W

damom, turmeric, ginger and chilli come

from Kerala. India is one of the major exporters of this commodity. The Central

11 mt s

Produced Bombay.

Food Technological Research Institute, through

M/s

lssar

Films,

Myso,e, undertakes intensive studies to

scientific instruments manufactured in

improve the quality of spices and find new commercial uses for them. Also shown in the film is Iha work of the Export Promotion Council which caters

India and available for export.

t o the requirements of foreign customers.

The film deals with the various types of

1968

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Goo~ e

Colour 26mts The film show s the high standard of quality maintained both by the industry and Government !Of items of export. The work of the Export Promotion Councils and the Indian Standards lnsti• tution in setting and maintaining these standards for goods which include handlooms, textiles, electrical and engineering goods, tea, coffee and jute is stressed in the film.

Dri\ ~~ from

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

428

STUFF OF STEEL Please re fer ' INDUSTRY'

WEAVE ME SOME FLOWERS Please refer 'EXPERIMENTAL FILMS'

.

11 mts

WHEEL OF PROG RESS, THE

Produced

through

Homi

D. Sethna,

Bombay.

35 mm

16 mm

536m

214 m

As the title indic11es, the film tries to ••plain the varioos advantages of eicports.

Colour 20 mts

The film also shows how more uporU will earn more valuable foreign 811(thange

This colour film record of the 'India 1958' E•hibition held in Delhi narrates the progress in d ifferent spheres which India has echieved since Independence.

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and how it will eccelerate the growth of the industries in the country providing more employment opportunities and rais· ing the living standard.

Origt 9JO:Tom

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

429

TRANSPORT AND COMMUN ICATIONS

GROWING WINGS

AVIATION

35mm 16mm B&W 11 mts

297m 119m

Aviation in India is becoming increasingly popular. Designed to acquaint young aspirants with the method of training they have to undergo to become pilots, thisdocumentarygivesagraphicaccount of the training course. from gliding to power flying . 1956



C.A.T.C. (CIVIL. AVIATION TRAINING CENTRE) HIGHWAYS OF THE SKY

35mm 309m 16mm 123m B&W 11 mts This is a film on the Civil Aviation Training Centre situated at Bamrauli. a few mites from Allahabad. Equipped with up-to-date facilities , the centre provides intensive training in Flying, Ground Engineering, Communications and Air Traffic Control. 1952

35mm 16mm B&W 12mts

325m 130m

This film vividly describes the vital role played by the Civil Aviation Directorate in the promotion of air traffic. and gives details of the various navigational aids available at our airports to ensure that air journeys are swift, safe and sure 1952



UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

430 1 GO EAST 35mm 317m

16mm 127m

B&W

12mts This film shot during Alt India lnte,• n1tionars proving flight 10 Tokyo, ~ ~ interesting glll"npHS of the thtH Citlff of Bangkok. Hongkong and Toli:yo. Some of the highlights of the film lfl the ahots of Bangkolt canals 1nd temples, Japanese flower IITlnQ9ffMflll and doll-mik-

...

ing.

,



IT IS A SMALL WORLD

SOARING HIGH

35mm 381 m

35mm

290m

16mm

161TWT1

116m

152m

B&W 14mt.s The film de9iffl tM prog1NS of Civil

Aviation in India and lhe organlsalion of iU vasi air traffic con1tol system. How this o,gaoisation whh its 1(19histiealed equipment and pe,sonnel p,ovldn facilities to the operation of our Air Traffic Control System Is ahown in this documen11ry.

WINGS OVER INOIA

B&W

11 mts

35mm

542m

16mm

217m

B&W 20m~

Thi,; is a story in film on the ~opment ol gliding in India. Gliding centrn ti.ve

This film on the WOfking of the lndien

been set up in places like Poona,

Airtinn Cofporalion shows I vast com-

B1~lor1 etc. and 9liders are now being m.nufactured in Ind ia to m1k1 gliding cheaper and within the re1ch of more people.

plex ~ nlution of men 1nd m&ehines Wn(ing cons11n1ty to arr, ICfOH vast dist1nces over hllf • milllon ~ssengers

everyyHr.

1969

1960

1956







431

TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS POSTS AND TELECO MMUNICATIONS

ALL ABOUT GREETIN GS ANO DE LU XE TELEGRAMS

FIX IT RIGHT

35mm 75m

35 mm 135 m 16mm B&W 5 mts

54m

A short film (quickie) gives particulars of the system of sending Greetings and De Lu xe telegrams. These telegrams carry our greetings at a cheaper rate and in a col ourfully designed form and envelope.

1962

,.

COUR TESY PAYS

35mm 16mm B&W 18mts

531 m 212m

The need for trai ning of postal staff in Public Rel ations is stressed in this film. 1966

,.

16mm 30m B&W

2mts A quickie stressing the need for affo(ing stamps of correct denomination and at

the correct place on envelopes to enable the postal people to deliver leners speedily and efficiently. 1960

,.

432

FOR YOUR INFORMATION 35mm 16mm

178m 71 m

B&W 7mts This quickie highlights the advantages of the Special Information Service and other

Special Services introduced by the Posts and Telegraphs Department in addition

to the normal telephone service being rendered by it.

1961

HELLO EVERYBODY

35mm 523m 16mm B&W

HUNDRED YEARS OF SERVICE

209m

19mts Produced through National Education end Information Films Limited, Bombay. The intricate set-up of the telephone system is explained to the layman in this documenta,y. Tracing the growth of the telephone in India since its inception, the documentary gives a detailed descriptionoftheworkingofthetelephones Jta1so showstheusefulnessoftelephones in everyday life

HUMMING WIRE. THE 35mm 16mm B&W 11 mts

297m 119m

The film narrates a 1ale of telegraph wires and explains how 1hey carry millions of messages from one part of 1he country to another

35mm 16mm B&W 12mts

321 m 128m

R.ecapturing the major m.ilestones in the h1s1ory of telegraphy. this documentary unfolds the hundred years old story ol telegraph system in India. which was set up during the daV5 of the East India Company and subsequently came to be developed into one of the largest net· works m the world

1959

1963

1953







433 IN YOU R OWN INTEREST

35mm 16mm

187m 75m

B&W

7mts An instructive film on the packing of parcels. to be sent by post. It shows how parcels of 111 varieties-big and small

and contlining almost everything-are to be packed so 1hat they are trensponed and delivered safely, quickly and intact.

1960

T

MESSAGE IN A MOMENT

JOURNEY OF A MONEY ORDE R 35mm

250m

16mm

TOOm

B&W

35mm 316m 16mm 126m

B&W

12mts

10mts P!oduced

MEN OF LITTERS

through M /s

hperimental

Film Group, Bombay.

The film shows how the money orders help people remit money to 1111rious parts

of the country and how the money is

safeguarded during its transi t.

This film deals with t he development ol the postal service in India from 1he earliest times to the putsent day. It p,esents a dramatic account of the hazards

and delays involved in sending lette,s in ancient times end contrasts it with the modern postal organisation which is both speedy and efficient.

1970

19'4

T

T

35 mm 282 m 16mm 113m

B&W

10 mts This is an eductttional short explaining the in1tict1te working and set up of !he science of 1elecommunict11ions. An out• standing achievemenl of modern science. !elegraphy first came to India in 1839. To-day, line spun lingers of copper feel !he pulse of lhis vast sub-continent and beyond by submarine cable. Predomi nantly instructive. thisdocumenlary PfO· vides information aboul telegraphy, the telephone and the wireless.

.

1952

434 NUMBER THAT MATTERS, THE

35mm 16mm B&W

110m 44m

4mts

Produced through M / s Television Films of India. Bombay.

The imponance of the use of postal zonal numbers is emphasised in this film

1967

.

ON STAMPS AND STAMPI NG POST EAR LY

35mm 16mm B &W 7mts

175m 70m

This film makes an inte,esting survey of

PORTRAI T OF A POSTMAN

46m

B&W

16mm

4mts

110m

B&W

10 mts

how they are used for posla'!e, ,~venue,

The documentary presents the portrait of a postman and shows how he per forms hisdutieswithasenseofdevotion.

poses.

116m

16mm

35mm 276m

the great care e~ercised in the design and manufacture of stamps and show.; legal, documentary and ph1le1ehc pur-

35mm

Produced through M/s Television Films of India, Bombay.

The film stresses the need to mail letters earlyandnot1owai11i111helas1clearance.

435 RESEARCH IN TELECOMMUNICATION

35mm 305m 16mm 122m B&W

10mts Produced

lhrough

Rustom

Master.

Bombay.

Rapid developments made for impro-

ving telephones. telegraphs and radio relay systems in India ere shown in this lilm. The impottan.ce of the Telecommuni• c11ion Reseerch Centre of the Posts and

Telegraphs Department in the designing, application and manulac1ure of modern machinery needed for this pur -

pose is

SltlllSSed.

1966



TOWARDS NATIONAL S.T.O. SPEED YOUR MESSAGE

SERVICE WITH SMI LE

35 mm

461 m

16mm

184 m

B&W 17 mts

Produced through G. R. Sethi, Bombay. The training given to the Posts end Telegraphs pef$0flnel is vividly described

in this instructional film.

35mm 16mm B&W

135m 54m

5mts This film is an invi tat ion to greater pYblic cooperation in ensuring the qu!ck delivery of telegrams. Depicting the dilemmas of

amessengertryingtoreachanincorrectly addressed messagetoits destination, 1he documentary alao briefly !ouches on the modern facilitie5 offered by the ielegraph authoritin.

35mm 16mm B&W

303m 121 m

11 m is

Produced through M/s Chilralekha Film Cooperative Ltd., Trivandrum. A film dealing with the progress of Telephones in India, particularly in the field of long distance communications, with lhe aim of eventually introducing Subscriber Trunk Dialling •vstem all over the coun1,y.

1965

1960

1969







436

WINGED MAIL WINGED WORDS

35 mm 300 m 16mm B&W 11 mts

120m

35mm 16mm B&W

265m 106m

WR ITE IT RIGHT

9mts The film tells the story of the Night Air Mail Service which links five important cities of India- Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi. Madras and Nagpur, and provides a quick means of postal communications. Through rein or shine the Night Air Mail serves every part of India safety and punctually.

Major landmarks in the growth and u.pansion of overseas te1ecommunica • lions in India are highlighted in this documentary. Overseas Communications Service today handles messages sent by wireless. telegraph, telephones and teleprinte1s across thousands of miles.

out in this short film .

1950

1962

1960

'I'

35mm 16mm B&W

135m 54m

5mts How incorrectly addressed letters lead to a lot of unneces_ sary trouble is brought

'I'

437

TRANSPO RT AND COMMUNICATIONS RAILWAYS

CENTURY OF PROGRESS ACROSS THE GHATS

35mm 287m 16mm 114m B&W 10mts

CASE OF EVERYMAN, THE

35 mm 256m 16mm 102m B&W 9mU

35mm 16mm B&W 12mts

319m 128m

staff.

In 1853 lhe first rails were laid in India between Bombay and Thane. Today we possess the largest railway system in Asia, the fourth largest in 1he world. This film gives a sto,yofthe Indian Railways, the fulfilment of a hundred year old dream. April 16, 1953, marked the li~t centena,y of the Indian Railway$.

1984

1963

1953







Thefilmrelatestothe constructionofthe three main rail lines under the Oandakaranya - Balangir-Kiriburu project to facilitate upon of iron-ore from Criss., and Madhya Pradesh to Japan. The difficult construction work particularly across the Eastern Ghats is highlighted in the film.

An appeal to rail passengers to abide by various rules and regulations of the Railways and to be considerate and polite IO f&llow iravellers and the railway

438

DECCAN QUEEN Please refer ·ooNATION FILMS'

DELIVERING THE NATION'S GOODS

35mm 308m 16mm 123m

B&W

11 mts Produced Bombay.

through

Hunnar

Publicity,

This documentary gives a detailed des-

cription of the transport of goods by the Indian Railways round -the-clock. Thou sands of tons of goods like food grains,

FOR BETTER TRAVEL FOR SAFETY AND SPEED

35mm 302m 16mm 120m

B&W

35mm 329m 16mm 131 m

11 mts

B&W

transported by the Indian Railways daily and care is taken that the goods reach their destination as upeditiously 11s possible. The film gives a glimpse of the working of the Railway system.

The Integral Coach Factory et Perambur near Madras forms the subject-matter of this documentary w hich shows in considerable detail the working of the factory d&Signed to manufacture latest types of railway coaches.

The film highlights activilies of Research. Design and Standards Organisation of tha Indian Railways. in conducting research to l)fOmote safety and operational efficiency of the Railways.

.

.

.

,aw materials and finished products ere

1960

11 mts

1955

1965

439 FREEDOM ON WH EELS

35mm 323m 16mm 129m B&W 12mts This film stresses the vital role played by Railways in national development and pleads for public co-operation in eliminat-

ing en1i-social practices like ticketless travel and indiscriminate pulling of alarm chains. It also shows the damage done by pilferage and careless use of railway property.

1957 ~

IRON HORSE, TH E HAPPY ACHIEVEMENT, A 35mm 299m

INDIA'S LI FE LI NE

16mm 119m B&W 11 mts Produced through Asian Films, New Delhi. Indian Railways have come a long way sincethedayswhentheyweredependent on the import of railway components and rolling stock. Today factories located at

35 mm 16mm B&W 10 mts

places like Chittaranjan. Jamshedpur and

Pen1mbur, manufacture engines, coaches and other railway parts within the country itself. How the Indian Railways have attained self-sufficiency is shown graphically in this film.

272m 109m

35 mm 16mm B&W 10mts

Dealing with the origin and growth of the Indian Railways from the humble beginning to the present expansion of track covering 40,000 miles, this film is the story of the most important mode of communication in the country and stress, sthe vital part it plays in the country' s progress.

This is a film record of the growth and development of the grand locomotive manufacturing workshop at Chittaranjan in West Bengal. It shows how in 1948 the Indian Railways Locomotive Manufacturing Workshops. covering an area ofover1 millionsq. ft. , startedfunctioning. By November 1950, the first Iron Horse was ready for a test. This was the first step towards our goal of self-sufficiency in locomotive production.

1949

1951

~

T

1960 ~

280 m 112m

«o

UFE LINE, THE

35 mm 348 m 16mm 138m

Co